Petroleum and natural gas industries - Fired heaters for general refinery service (ISO 13705:2001)

CEN/TC 12 res 18/2003: approves the publication of a Technical Corrigendum on the German version of EN ISO 13705:2001 (NT/030220).

Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Befeuerte Erhitzer für den allgemeinen Einsatz in Raffinerien (ISO 13705:2002)

In dieser Internationalen Norm werden Anforderungen an und Empfehlungen für Konstruktion, Werkstoffe, Fertigung, Inspektion, Prüfung, Versandvorbereitungen und die Aufstellung von befeuerten Erhitzern, Luftvorwärmern, Lüftern und Brennern festgelegt, die allgemein in Raffinerien betrieben werden.

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Réchauffeurs a bruleurs pour usage général dans les raffineries (ISO 13705:2001)

Le contenu du corrigendum de mars 2018 a été pris en considération dans cette exemplaire.

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Fired heaters for general refinery service (ISO 13705:2001)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-Apr-2004
Withdrawal Date
10-Jun-2007
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Jun-2007
Due Date
04-Jul-2007
Completion Date
11-Jun-2007

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
01-maj-2004

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Fired heaters for general refinery service

(ISO 13705:2001)

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Fired heaters for general refinery service (ISO

13705:2001)
Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Befeuerte Erhitzer für den allgemeinen Einsatz in
Raffinerien (ISO 13705:2002)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Réchauffeurs a bruleurs pour usage général

dans les raffineries (ISO 13705:2001)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 13705:2001
ICS:
75.180.20 Predelovalna oprema Processing equipment
97.100.01 Grelniki na splošno Heating appliances in
general
SIST EN ISO 13705:2004 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 13705
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2001
ICS 75.180.20
English version
Petroleum and natural gas industries - Fired heaters for general
refinery service (ISO 13705:2001)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Réchauffeurs à Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Befeuerte Erhitzer für den

brûleurs pour usage général dans les raffineries (ISO allgemeinen Einsatz in Raffinerien (ISO 13705:2002)

13705:2001)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 December 2001.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2001 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 13705:2001 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
EN ISO 13705:2001 (E)
CORRECTED 2002-10-02
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 13705:2001) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67

"Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum and natural gas industries" in

collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 12 "Materials, equipment and offshore

structures for petroleum and natural gas industries", the secretariat of which is held by

AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication

of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2002, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2002.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,

Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United

Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 13705:2001 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 13705:2001 without any

modifications.
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13705
First edition
2001-12-15
Petroleum and natural gas industries —
Fired heaters for general refinery service
Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel — Réchauffeurs à brûleurs pour
usage général dans les raffineries
Reference number
ISO 13705:2001(E)
ISO 2001
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
ISO 13705:2001(E)
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© ISO 2001

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic

or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body

in the country of the requester.
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ii © ISO 2001 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
ISO 13705:2001(E)
Contents Page

Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references....................................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................3

4 General..........................................................................................................................................................11

4.1 Precautions ..................................................................................................................................................11

4.2 Pressure design code .................................................................................................................................11

4.3 Local regulations .........................................................................................................................................11

4.4 Heater nomenclature...................................................................................................................................11

5 Proposals .....................................................................................................................................................16

5.1 Purchaser’s responsibilities.......................................................................................................................16

5.2 Vendor’s responsibilities............................................................................................................................16

5.3 Documentation.............................................................................................................................................17

5.4 Final records ................................................................................................................................................18

6 Design considerations ................................................................................................................................19

6.1 Process design ............................................................................................................................................19

6.2 Combustion design .....................................................................................................................................19

6.3 Mechanical design.......................................................................................................................................19

7 Tubes ............................................................................................................................................................20

7.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................20

7.2 Extended surface.........................................................................................................................................21

7.3 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................22

8 Headers.........................................................................................................................................................22

8.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................22

8.2 Plug headers ................................................................................................................................................22

8.3 Return bends................................................................................................................................................24

8.4 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................24

9 Piping, terminals and manifolds ................................................................................................................25

9.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................25

9.2 Allowable movement and loads .................................................................................................................25

9.3 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................26

10 Tube supports..............................................................................................................................................26

10.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................26

10.2 Loads and allowable stress........................................................................................................................27

10.3 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................28

11 Refractories and insulation ........................................................................................................................28

11.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................28

11.2 Brick and tile construction .........................................................................................................................29

11.3 Castable construction.................................................................................................................................30

11.4 Ceramic fibre construction.........................................................................................................................30

11.5 Multicomponent lining construction .........................................................................................................32

11.6 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................32

12 Structures and appurtenances...................................................................................................................33

12.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................33

12.2 Structures.....................................................................................................................................................33

© ISO 2001 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
ISO 13705:2001(E)

12.3 Header boxes, doors and ports..................................................................................................................34

12.4 Ladders, platforms and stairways..............................................................................................................34

12.5 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................35

13 Stacks, ducts and breeching......................................................................................................................36

13.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................36

13.2 Design considerations ................................................................................................................................36

13.3 Design methods...........................................................................................................................................38

13.4 Static design.................................................................................................................................................38

13.5 Wind-induced vibration design ..................................................................................................................39

13.6 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................40

14 Burners and auxiliary equipment...............................................................................................................40

14.1 Burners .........................................................................................................................................................40

14.2 Sootblowers .................................................................................................................................................44

14.3 Fans and drivers ..........................................................................................................................................45

14.4 Dampers and damper controls...................................................................................................................45

15 Instrument and auxiliary connections.......................................................................................................46

15.1 Flue gas and air............................................................................................................................................46

15.2 Process fluid temperature ..........................................................................................................................47

15.3 Auxiliary connections .................................................................................................................................47

15.4 Tube skin thermocouples ...........................................................................................................................48

15.5 Access to connections................................................................................................................................48

16 Shop fabrication and field erection............................................................................................................48

16.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................48

16.2 Structural steel fabrication .........................................................................................................................48

16.3 Coil fabrication.............................................................................................................................................50

16.4 Painting and galvanizing.............................................................................................................................50

16.5 Refractories and insulation ........................................................................................................................51

16.6 Field erection................................................................................................................................................51

17 Inspection, examination and testing..........................................................................................................52

17.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................52

17.2 Weld examination ........................................................................................................................................52

17.3 Castings examination..................................................................................................................................53

17.4 Examination of other components.............................................................................................................54

17.5 Testing ..........................................................................................................................................................54

Annex A (informative) Equipment data sheets.......................................................................................................56

Annex B (informative) Purchaser's checklist .........................................................................................................85

Annex C (informative) Proposed shop assembly conditions ...............................................................................89

Annex D (normative) Stress curves for use in the design of tube support elements........................................91

Annex E (normative) Centrifugal fans for fired heater systems.........................................................................107

Annex F (informative) Air preheat systems for fired process heaters...............................................................122

Annex G (informative) Measurement of thermal efficiency of fired process heaters ......................................175

Annex H (informative) Stack design......................................................................................................................222

Bibliography ............................................................................................................................................................232

iv © ISO 2001 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
ISO 13705:2001(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO

member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical

committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has

the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in

liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical

Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.

Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting.

Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this International Standard may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard ISO 13705 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and

offshore structures for petroleum and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 6, Processing equipment and

systems.

Annexes D and E form a normative part of this International Standard. Annexes A, B, C, F, G and H are for

information only.
© ISO 2001 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
ISO 13705:2001(E)
Introduction

This International Standard is based on API standard 560, second edition, September 1995.

Users of this International Standard should be aware that further or differing requirements may be needed for

individual applications. This International Standard is not intended to inhibit a vendor from offering, or the purchaser

from accepting, alternative equipment or engineering solutions for the individual application. This may be

particularly applicable where there is innovative or developing technology. Where an alternative is offered, the

vendor should identify any variations from this International Standard and provide details.

In International Standards, the SI system of units is used. Where practical in this International Standard, US

Customary units are included in brackets for information.

A bullet (zzzz) at the beginning of a clause or subclause indicates that either a decision is required or further

information is to be provided by the purchaser. This information should be indicated on data sheets (see examples

in annex A) or stated in the enquiry or purchase order. Decisions should be indicated on a check list (see example

in annex B).
vi © ISO 2001 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13705:2001(E)
Petroleum and natural gas industries — Fired heaters for general
refinery service
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the design, materials,

fabrication, inspection, testing, preparation for shipment, and erection of fired heaters, air preheaters, fans and

burners for general refinery service.
2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of

this International Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these

publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to

investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For

undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC

maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.

ISO 8501-1, Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products — Visual assessment

of surface cleanliness — Part 1: Rust grades and preparation grades of uncoated steel substrates and of steel

substrates after overall removal of previous coatings

ISO 13704, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Calculation of heater-tube thickness in petroleum refineries

EN 10025 , Hot rolled products of non-alloy structural steels — Technical delivery conditions

AFBMA Standard 9 , Load ratings and fatigue life for ball bearings
AMCA 99-2404-78 , Drive arrangements for centrifugal fans
AMCA 201, Fans and systems
AMCA 210, Laboratory methods of testing fans for aerodynamic performance rating
ASME B17.1 , Keys and keyseats
ASME B31.3, Process piping

ASME Boiler and pressure vessel code, Section VIII, Rules for construction of pressure vessels

ASTM A 36 , Standard specification for carbon structural steel

1) European Committee for Standardization (CEN), Rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.

2) Anti-Friction Bearing Manufacturers Association, 1200 19 Street NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036-2412, USA.

3) Air Movement and Control Assocation, 30 West University Drive, Arlington Heights, IL 60004, USA.

4) American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA.

5) American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, USA.

© ISO 2001 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
ISO 13705:2001(E)

ASTM A 105, Standard specification for carbon steel forgings for piping applications

ASTM A 123, Standard specification for zinc (hot-dip galvanized) coatings on iron and steel products

ASTM A 143, Standard practice for safeguarding against embrittlement of hot-dip galvanized structural steel

products and procedure for detecting embrittlement

ASTM A 153, Standard specification for zinc coating (hot-dip) on iron and steel hardware

ASTM A 161, Standard specification for seamless low-carbon and carbon-molybdenum steel still tubes for refinery

service

ASTM A 181, Standard specification for carbon steel forgings, for general-purpose piping

ASTM A 182, Standard specification for forged or rolled alloy-steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, and valves and

parts for high-temperature service

ASTM A 192, Standard specification for seamless carbon steel boiler tubes for high-pressure service

ASTM A 193, Standard specification for alloy-steel and stainless steel bolting materials for high-temperature

service

ASTM A 194, Standard specification for carbon and alloy steel nuts for bolts for high-pressure or high-temperature

service, or both

ASTM A 209, Standard specification for seamless carbon-molybdenum alloy-steel boiler and superheater tubes

ASTM A 210, Standard specification for seamless medium-carbon steel boiler and superheater tubes

ASTM A 213, Standard specification for seamless ferritic and austenitic alloy-steel boiler, superheater and heat-

exchanger tubes

ASTM A 216, Standard specification for steel castings, carbon, suitable for fusion welding, for high-temperature

service

ASTM A 217, Standard specification for steel castings, martensitic stainless and alloy, for pressure-containing

parts, suitable for high-temperature service

ASTM A 234, Standard specification for piping fittings of wrought carbon steel and alloy steel for moderate and high

temperature service

ASTM A 240, Standard specification for heat-resisting chromium and chromium-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet,

and strip for pressure vessels
ASTM A 242, Standard specification for high-strength low-alloy structural steel

ASTM A 283, Standard specification for low and intermediate tensile strength carbon steel plates

ASTM A 297, Standard specification for steel castings, iron-chromium and iron-chromium-nickel, heat resistant, for

general application

ASTM A 307, Standard specification for carbon steel bolts and studs, 60 000 psi tensile strength

ASTM A 320, Standard specification for alloy steel bolting materials for low-temperature service

ASTM A 325, Standard specification for structural bolts, steel, heat treated, 120/105 ksi minimum tensile strength

ASTM A 351, Standard specification for castings, austenitic, austenitic-ferritic (duplex), for pressure-containing

parts

ASTM A 384, Standard practice for safeguarding against warpage and distortion during hot-dip galvanizing of steel

assemblies
2 © ISO 2001 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 13705:2004
ISO 13705:2001(E)
ASTM A 385, Standard practice for providing high-quality zinc coatings (hot-dip)

ASTM A 387, Standard specification for pressure vessel plates, alloy steel, chromium-molybdenum

ASTM A 403, Standard specification for wrought austenitic stainless steel piping fittings

ASTM A 447, Standard specification for steel castings, chromium-nickel-iron alloy (25-12 class), for high-

temperature service
ASTM A 560, Standard specification for castings, chromium-nickel alloy

ASTM A 572, Standard specification for high-strength, low alloy columbium-vanadium structural steel

ASTM A 608, Standard specification for centrifugally cast iron-chromium-nickel high-alloy tubing for pressure

application at high temperatures
ASTM B 366, Standard specification for factory-made wro
...

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