Enterprise integration - Framework for enterprise modelling (ISO 19439:2006)

This International Standard specifies a framework conforming to requirements of ISO 15704, which serves as a common basis to identify and coordinate standards development for modelling of enterprises, emphasising, but not restricted to, computer integrated manufacturing. This International Standard also serves as the basis for further standards for the development of models that will be computer-enactable and enable business process model-based decision support leading to model-based operation, monitoring and control. In this International Standard, four enterprise model views are defined in this framework. Additional views for particular user concerns can be generated but these additional views are not part of this International Standard. Possible additional views are identified in ISO 15704.

Unternehmensintegration - Rahmenwerk für die Unternehmensmodellierung - Festlegung (ISO 19439:2006)

Entreprise intégrée - Cadre de modélisation d'entreprise (ISO 19439:2006)

La présente Norme internationale/européenne spécifie un cadre servant de base commune a l'identification des normes (et a la coordination de leur développement) destinées a la modélisation informatisée d'entreprises, en mettant l'accent sans toutefois s'y limiter, sur la fabrication intégrée assistée par ordinateur. La norme sert également de base a de futures normes relatives au développement de modeles ; ceux-ci seront exécutables sur ordinateur et constitueront, pour les processus métier, un support a des décisions prises sur la base de modeles, donnant lieu a des opérations, une surveillance et un pilotage également fondés sur des modeles.

Integracija programskih rešitev korporacij - Okvirne določbe o podjetniškem modeliranju (ISO 19439:2006)

Ta mednarodni standard določa okvir, ki je skladen z zahtevami standarda ISO 15704, ter skupno osnovo za identifikacijo in koordinacijo razvoja standardov za modeliranje podjetij. Poudarja, vendar ni omejen na računalniško integrirano proizvajanje. Ta mednarodni standard je namenjen tudi drugim standardom za razvoj modelov, ki so lahko prikazani na računalniku in omogočajo podporo odločitvam na podlagi modeliranja poslovnih procesov, ki vodijo do delovanja, nadzorovanja in kontroliranja, ki je osnovano na modelih. V okviru tega mednarodnega standarda so opredeljeni štirje pogledi podjetniških modelov. Dodatni pogledi, ki obravnavajo posebne uporabnikove pomisleke, se lahko ustvarijo, vendar niso del tega mednarodnega standarda. Možni dodatni pogledi so opredeljeni v standardu ISO 15704.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Jun-2006
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Jul-2006
Due Date
01-Jul-2006
Completion Date
01-Jul-2006

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19439:2006
01-julij-2006
1DGRPHãþD
SIST ENV 40003:2003
,QWHJUDFLMDSURJUDPVNLKUHãLWHYNRUSRUDFLM2NYLUQHGRORþEHRSRGMHWQLãNHP
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Enterprise integration - Framework for enterprise modelling (ISO 19439:2006)
Unternehmensintegration - Rahmenwerk für die Unternehmensmodellierung -
Festlegung (ISO 19439:2006)
Entreprise intégrée - Cadre de modélisation d'entreprise (ISO 19439:2006)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19439:2006
ICS:
25.040.40
35.240.50
SIST EN ISO 19439:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 19439
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2006
ICS 25.040.40 Supersedes ENV 40003:1990
English Version
Enterprise integration - Framework for enterprise modelling (ISO
19439:2006)

Entreprise intégrée - Cadre de modélisation d'entreprise Unternehmensintegration - Rahmenwerk für

(ISO 19439:2006) Unternehmensmodellierung - Festlegung (ISO 19439:2006)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 February 2006.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2006 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19439:2006: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
EN ISO 19439:2006 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 19439:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 310

"Advanced Manufacturing Technologies", the secretariat of which is held by BSI, in collaboration

with Technical Committee ISO/TC 184 "Industrial automation systems and integration".

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2006, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2006.
This document supersedes ENV 40003:1990.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19439
First edition
2006-04-15
Enterprise integration — Framework for
enterprise modelling
Entreprise intégrée — Cadre de modélisation d'entreprise
Reference number
ISO 19439:2006(E)
ISO 2006
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 19439:2006(E)
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ii © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................................. 8

5 The framework ...................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 Underlying concepts ............................................................................................................................ 8

5.2 Dimension of enterprise model phase.............................................................................................. 10

5.3 Dimension of enterprise model view ................................................................................................ 14

5.4 Dimension of genericity ..................................................................................................................... 17

5.5 Graphical representation of the framework ..................................................................................... 19

6 Requirements on enterprise models and modelling methodologies ............................................ 20

Annex A (informative) Enterprise models, frameworks and modelling languages................................... 22

Annex B (informative) Using the enterprise modelling framework............................................................. 24

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 33

© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 19439 was prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee

CEN/TC 310, Advanced manufacturing technologies, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 184,

Industrial automation systems and integration, Subcommittee SC 5, Architecture, communications and

integration frameworks, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN

(Vienna Agreement).
iv © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
Introduction

This framework defines and specifies the generic concepts that are required to enable the creation of

enterprise models for industrial businesses and to provide support for the use of frameworks by industrial

enterprises.

Enterprise modelling consultancies and tool vendors have developed enterprise modelling methodologies and

supporting tools that address phases of the enterprise life cycle and various aspects of enterprise modelling.

These methodologies and tools support business decision-making (such as process visualization and

simulation), enterprise process management, control and monitoring of operational processes (such as

workflow) and performance monitoring (such as visualization of work in progress). This framework provides a

unified conceptual basis for model-based enterprise engineering that enables consistency, convergence and

interoperability of the various modelling methodologies and supporting tools. The framework does not

encompass methodological processes; it is neutral in this regard.

ISO 15704:2000, 4.2.2 (see also A.3.1.2) places requirements on the description of the essential roles of

humans. In this International Standard, these are described in terms of:

⎯ organizational roles that are specified in the Organization View, which captures the various assigned

responsibilities and required capabilities (skills);

⎯ operational roles that are specified in the Resource View, which captures the operational capabilities

(skills) and which are then matched to the ones identified in the Function View.

The Annex A contains a general description of the concepts of enterprise models, modelling frameworks and

modelling language constructs (as defined in ENV 12204:1996) as background to the normative content of

Clauses 5 and 6. Annex B describes with illustrative examples how the enterprise modelling framework can be

used by both enterprise model developers and enterprise model tool developers.
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19439:2006(E)
Enterprise integration — Framework for enterprise modelling
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies a framework conforming to requirements of ISO 15704, which serves as

a common basis to identify and coordinate standards development for modelling of enterprises, emphasising,

but not restricted to, computer integrated manufacturing. This International Standard also serves as the basis

for further standards for the development of models that will be computer-enactable and enable business

process model-based decision support leading to model-based operation, monitoring and control.

In this International Standard, four enterprise model views are defined in this framework. Additional views for

particular user concerns can be generated but these additional views are not part of this International

Standard. Possible additional views are identified in ISO 15704.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15704:2000, Industrial automation systems — Requirements for enterprise-reference architectures and

methodologies
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

NOTE Definitions copied verbatim from other standards are followed by a reference in brackets to the source

standard. Definitions that have been adapted from other standards are followed by an explanatory note.

3.1
abstraction

shortening in duration or extent with no sacrifice of sense, used to differentiate between a real-world system

and a model of the real world
[ISO 14258:1998]
3.2
attribute
piece of information stating a property of an entity
[ISO 15704:2000]
3.3
behaviour

manner in which the whole or part of a system acts and reacts to perform a function

NOTE Adapted from ISO 15704:2000.
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
3.4
business process

partially ordered set of enterprise activities that can be executed to achieve some desired end-result in pursuit

of a given objective of an enterprise or a part of an enterprise
NOTE Adapted from ISO 15704:2000, ENV 12204:1996.
3.5
capability
quality of being able to perform a given activity
[ISO 15531-1]
3.6
component

〈system〉 entity, with discrete structure within a system, which interacts with other components of the system,

thereby contributing at its lowest level to the system properties and characteristics

[ISO/IEC 15288:2002]
3.7
concept definition

enterprise model phase that defines the business concepts of an enterprise domain to be employed in

realizing its business objectives and its operation, including the necessary enterprise domain inputs and

outputs
3.8
constraint

restriction or limitation or condition placed upon a system that originates from inside or outside the system

under consideration
NOTE Adapted from ISO 14258:1998.
3.9
decision
result of choosing between different courses of action
3.10
decisional
relating to those processes that are concerned with making choices
3.11
decommission definition

enterprise model phase that defines the final state of a decommissioned operational system, all its

components for a particular enterprise domain and the processes employed to conduct the decommissioning,

so enabling re-use or disposition of those components
3.12
decomposition

breaking an entity into its constituent parts as appropriate to the purpose of the modeller

3.13
design specification

enterprise model phase that specifies the business processes, together with capabilities and rules, that are to

be performed to achieve the requirements
3.14
detailing

addition of content, attributes and operations, that more precisely identify the intent of modelling language

constructs and partial models
2 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
3.15
domain identification

enterprise model phase that identifies the enterprise domain to be modelled with respect to its business

objectives, the enterprise domain inputs and outputs and their respective origins and destinations

3.16
domain operation
enterprise model phase that encompasses the operational use of the domain model
3.17
enactment

computer processing of models to facilitate the development of more responsive and coherent enterprises, in

particular the use of a model to monitor and control the execution of the business processes of the enterprise

[23]
NOTE Adapted from Vernadat .
3.18
enterprise

one or more organizations sharing a definite mission, goals and objectives to offer an output such as a

product or service
[ISO 15704:2000]

NOTE In this International Standard, a goal is the target resulting from the intention of the enterprise to achieve its

mission and objective.
3.19
enterprise activity

all, or part, of process functionality that consists of elementary tasks performed in the enterprise that consume

inputs and allocate time and resources to produce outputs
NOTE Adapted from ISO 15704:2000.
3.20
enterprise domain
domain

part of the enterprise considered relevant to a given set of business objectives and constraints for which an

enterprise model is to be created

NOTE In this International Standard, enterprise domain is abbreviated to domain whenever it is used as a qualifier in

such terms as domain identification phase and domain model. Other usages of domain have the normal dictionary

meaning.
3.21
enterprise engineering

discipline applied in carrying out any efforts to establish, modify or reorganize any enterprise

[ISO 15704:2000]
3.22
enterprise integration

process of ensuring the interaction between enterprise entities necessary to achieve enterprise domain

objectives
3.23
enterprise model

abstraction of an enterprise domain that represents enterprise entities, their interrelationships, their

decomposition and detailing to the extent necessary to convey what it intends to accomplish and how it

operates
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
3.24
enterprise model phase
life cycle phase of an enterprise model
3.25
enterprise model view

selective perception or representation of an enterprise model that emphasizes some particular aspect and

disregards others
NOTE Adapted from ENV 40003:1990.
3.26
enterprise modelling
act of developing an enterprise model
3.27
enterprise object

piece of information in the enterprise domain that describes a generalized or a real or an abstract entity, which

can be conceptualized as being a whole
3.28
enterprise operation
execution of business processes to achieve enterprise objectives
3.29
entity
any concrete or abstract thing in the domain under consideration
3.30
environment

surroundings external to the enterprise domain which influence its development and behaviour, and which are

not controllable by the enterprise itself
3.31
framework

structure expressed in diagrams, text and formal rules which relates the components of a conceptual entity to

each other
NOTE Adapted from ISO 15704:2000.
3.32
function view

enterprise model view that enables the representation and modification of the processes of the enterprise,

their functionalities, behaviours, inputs and outputs
3.33
functionality

qualities of a process that enable it to achieve the purpose for which the process exists

3.34
generalization
specific concept modified for a more general extent, use or purpose or:

act of removing or modifying detail from a specific concept to produce a generalization thereof

NOTE Generalization is the inverse of specialization.
3.35
generic

property of being a generalization from a number of distinguishable entities based on their shared

characteristics
4 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
3.36
generic level

collection of generic modelling language constructs for expressing descriptions that can be used to generate

models at the partial and particular levels
3.37
genericity
extent to which a concept is generic
3.38
implementation description

enterprise model phase that describes the final set of processes, resources and rules implemented to achieve

the desired operational performance for execution of the business processes and enterprise activities

specified in the design specification phase
3.39
information technology component

component that is required to collect, process, distribute, store and verify data for enterprise activities in the

enterprise
3.40
information view

enterprise model view that enables the representation and modification of the enterprise information as

identified in the function view

NOTE It is organized as a structure containing enterprise objects that represent the information-related entities of the

enterprise (material and information).
3.41
instantiation

creation of instances of modelling language constructs or partial models and the possible assignment of

values to some or all attributes

NOTE A fully instantiated modelling language construct or model is one for which values have been assigned to all

attributes.
3.42
life cycle

set of distinguishable phases and steps within phases which an entity goes through from its creation until it

ceases to exist
3.43
life cycle phase
stage of development in the life cycle of an entity
3.44
manufacturing technology component

component that is required to control, transform, transport, store and verify raw materials, parts,

(sub-)assemblies and end-products
3.45
methodology

set of instructions (e.g. provided through text, computer programs, tools) that is a step-by-step aid to the user

NOTE This formal definition is from ISO 15704:2000. More generally a methodology can be regarded as a systematic

procedure for achieving some desired end-result.
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
3.46
mission

characterization of the business in which an enterprise describes the customer product or service function that

it intends to fulfil
3.47
model

abstract description of reality in any form (including mathematical, physical, symbolic, graphical or descriptive)

that presents a certain aspect of that reality
NOTE Adapted from ISO 15704:2000.
3.48
model development process

process of deriving and instantiating models at the different enterprise model phases

NOTE This is done by:

a) deriving and instantiating models for implemented components from the domain identification, concept definition,

requirements definition, design specification and implementation description phases of enterprise modelling;

b) releasing the implementation description model as a domain operation model;
c) developing decommission definition models from domain operation models.
3.49
modelling language construct

textual or graphical part of a modelling language devised to represent, in an orderly way, the diverse

information on common properties and elements of a collection of phenomena

NOTE Adapted from ENV 12204:1996. A modelling language construct is a basic architectural entity at the generic

level that is designed to be re-used in a wide range of applications. As a part of a modelling language, it models common

features of structure and/or behaviour in a modelled domain.
3.50
objective

statement of preference about possible and achievable future situations that influences the choices within

some behaviour
NOTE Adapted from ISO/IEC 15414:2002.
3.51
operational

pertaining to the execution of the set of processes used to achieve enterprise objectives

3.52
organization view

enterprise model view that enables the representation and modification of the organizational and decisional

structure of the enterprise and the responsibilities and authorities of the individuals and organizational units

within the enterprise
3.53
partial level
collection of partial models
3.54
partial model

model used as a reference model in a specific type of industry segment or industrial activity

NOTE A partial model is comprised of modelling language constructs and/or other partial models. Partial models also

enable a modeller to re-use already existing models built for other enterprise domains.

6 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
3.55
particular level
level at which a model is described for a particular, specific enterprise domain
3.56
particular model
model of a particular, specific enterprise domain
3.57
particularization

process of specialization and instantiation by which more specific model components can be derived from

more generic ones
3.58
process

partially ordered set of activities that can be executed to achieve some desired end-result in pursuit of a given

objective
3.59
requirements definition

enterprise model phase that defines the operations needed to achieve enterprise objectives and the

conditions necessary to enable those operations, both being without reference to implementation options or

implementation decisions
3.60
resource

enterprise entity that provides some or all of the capabilities required to execute an enterprise activity

[ISO 15704:2000]

NOTE In this International Standard, resource is used in the system theory sense of entities that provide capabilities

required by the system and are an essential part of the system itself. The resource description includes the identification

and description of consumables (such as energy, air, coolant) that are required to be present in sufficient quantities to

operate the resource. In contrast, material is reserved for process inputs that are required by the various processes such

as raw materials, parts and assemblies. These inputs are identified in the function view, described in the information view,

and have the associated management responsibilities identified in the organization view.

3.61
resource view

enterprise model view that enables the representation and modification of enterprise resources

3.62
specialization

general concept modified for a more limited extent, specific use or purpose, or the act of adding or modifying

details to a general concept to produce a specialization thereof
NOTE Specialization is the inverse of generalization.
3.63
stakeholder

interested party having a right, share or claim in the system or in the system’s possession of qualities that

meets their needs
NOTE Adapted from ISO/IEC 15288:2002.
3.64
system
collection of real-world items organized for a given purpose
[ISO 15704:2000]
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 7
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ISO 19439:2006(E)
4 Symbols and abbreviations
GERAM Generalized Enterprise-Reference Architecture and Methodologies
IFAC International Federation of Automatic Control
IFIP International Federation for Information Processing
5 The framework
5.1 Underlying concepts
5.1.1 Dimensionality

The framework described in this International Standard is structured in terms of three dimensions for the

reasons given in Clause A.2. The dimensions shall be:
⎯ enterprise model phase;
⎯ enterprise model view;
⎯ genericity.

5.1.2, 5.1.3 and 5.1.4 introduce these dimensions, each of which is specified further in 5.2, 5.3 and 5.4.

5.1.2 Enterprise model phase — The concept of the model life cycle

Enterprise models have a life cycle that is related to the life cycle of the entity being modelled. The life cycle of

an enterprise model is the result of the model development process by which models are created, made

operational and finally discarded. The corresponding framework dimension shall be denoted by the term

‘enterprise model phase’ and is specified further in 5.2.

This dimension shall be divided into seven enterprise model phases defined in 5.2.2 to 5.2.8, which are

distinguished by different intentional descriptions of the origin, existence and demise of an enterprise entity.

Decomposition (3.12) and detailing (3.14) characterize the progression between model phases. The phases

are:
⎯ domain identification;
⎯ concept definition;
⎯ requirements definition;
⎯ design specification;
⎯ implementation description;
⎯ domain operation;
⎯ decommission definition.
5.1.3 Enterprise model views — Filtering model content

The enterprise model view dimension enables the enterprise modeller and enterprise model user to filter their

observations of the real world and their various usages of the model within its lifecycle by emphasizing those

aspects that are relevant to their particular interests and context.
8 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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ISO 19439:2006(E)

In working with an enterprise model, an enterprise modeller shall use enterprise model views, as described in

5.3.1, to emphasize a particular aspect, and disregard others.

The user shall use the predefined views or generate additional views for particular purposes by selecting an

appropriate subset of modelling language constructs.

The view dimension shall be denoted by the term “enterprise model view” and is further specified in 5.3.

The predefined views are defined in 5.3.2 to 5.3.5. They are:
⎯ function view;
⎯ information view;
⎯ resource view;
⎯ organization view.
5.1.4 Genericity — The concept of generalization and specialization

Generalization (3.34) is the progression from one or more particular concepts to a more general concept that

represents their shared characteristics or essential qualities. Specialization (3.62) is the reverse process,

which proceeds from a more general concept to something with a special purpose.
EXAMPLE Specializ
...

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