Aggregates for construction works - Part 1: Characteristics

The Part 1 (harmonised) European Standard will specify the characteristics of aggregates for use in
•   concrete for buildings, roads and other civil engineering works,
•   mortar
•   bituminous mixtures and surface treatments for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas,
•   unbound and hydraulically bound materials for use in civil engineering work and road construction
Aggregates to be covered in this European Standard, are obtained by processing natural, manufactured or recycled materials and mixtures of these materials. Families of aggregates covered will include coarse aggregates, grit, fine aggregates, natural graded aggregates, all-in aggregates and added fillers.
The standard will cover natural and manufactured aggregates having an oven dried particle density greater than 2,00 Mg/m3 and recycled aggregates with particle densities greater than 1,50 Mg/m3. Natural and manufactured aggregates of density less than or equal to 2,00 Mg/m3 are already covered by our existing standard EN 13055.
The standard will not cover
•   the use of reclaimed bituminous mixtures. Reclaimed asphalt for use as a constituent of bituminous mixtures is specified in EN 13108 8.
•   use of aggregates as soil
•   the creation of unbound mixtures for road construction from aggregates as this aspect is specified in EN13285
The non-harmonised Part 2 standard will provide non-contradictory complementary information to assist in the practical application of the Part 1 standard, including advice on the reasons for testing and declaring various characteristics and recommendations for the practical implementation of factory production control measures.

Gesteinskörnungen für Bauwerke - Teil 1: Produktnorm

Dieses Dokument legt die Merkmale von Gesteinskörnungen fest, d. h. Gesteinskörnungen ohne Fremdfüller (siehe 3.1.1 a)) und Fremdfüller (siehe 3.1.1 b)) für Anwendungen mit oder ohne hohe Sicherheitsanforderungen, für:
a)   Beton für Gebäude, Straßen und andere Ingenieurbauwerke;
b)   Asphalte und Oberflächenbehandlungen für Straßen, Flugplätze und andere Verkehrsflächen;
c)   Mörtel, Putzmörtel und Estriche, z. B. Mauermörtel, Estrichmörtel, Innenputzmörtel, Außenputzmörtel, besondere Vergussmörtel, Reparaturmörtel, und Einpressmörtel für Gebäude, Straßen und Ingenieurbauwerke;
d)   ungebundene und hydraulisch gebundene Gemische für den Ingenieur- und Straßenbau.
In Hinsicht auf die Herkunft und den Herstellungsprozess des Baustoffs behandelt dieses Dokument natürliche Gesteinskörnung (siehe 3.1.2), industriell hergestellte Gesteinskörnung (siehe 3.1.3), rezyklierte Gesteinskörnung (siehe 3.1.4) und Mischungen aus diesen Baustoffen.
Die in diesem Dokument behandelten Gesteinskörnungen sind:
a)   Gesteinskörnungen ohne Fremdfüller, einschließlich grober Gesteinskörnungen (siehe 3.1.8), Feinsplitt (siehe 3.1.11), feiner Gesteinskörnungen (siehe 3.1.12), Gesteinskörnungsgemischen (siehe 3.1.13), natürlich zusammengesetzter Gesteinskörnungen (siehe 3.1.14); und
b)   Fremdfüller (siehe 3.1.15).
In diesem Dokument behandelte grobe Gesteinskörnungen sind enggestufte grobe Gesteinskörnungen (siehe 3.1.9) und weitgestufte grobe Gesteinskörnungen (siehe 3.1.10).
Die in diesem Dokument behandelten Fremdfüller sind natürliche Füller (siehe 3.1.16), industriell hergestellte Füller (siehe 3.1.18), Mischfüller (siehe 3.1.19), Verbundfüller (siehe 3.1.20) und rezyklierte Füller (siehe 3.1.21). Natürliche Füller schließen Füller aus Kalkstein (siehe 3.1.17) ein.
Dieses Dokument behandelt nicht:
—   natürliche und industriell hergestellte Gesteinskörnungen mit einer Kornrohdichte nach Trocknung im Wärmeschrank kleiner gleich 2,00 mg/m3, weil sie bereits in prEN 13055:2021 festgelegt sind;
—   rezyklierte Gesteinskörnungen mit niedrigeren Rohdichten als 1,50 mg/m3;
—   Gesteinskörnungen mit einer oberen Nennkorngröße von mehr als 90 mm;
—   Wasserbaustein, weil dieser in prEN 13383 1:2021 festgelegt ist;
—   Gesteinskörnungen für Gleisschotter, weil diese in prEN 13450 1:2021 festgelegt sind;
—   die Verwendung von Gesteinskörnungen in Ausbauasphaltmischgut, weil Ausbauasphalt zur Verwendung als Bestandteil von Asphaltmischgut bereits in EN 13108 8:2016 festgelegt ist;
—   Verwendung von Gesteinskörnungen als Boden;
—   die Verwendung von Gesteinskörnungen für Erdarbeiten, weil diese in EN 16907 2:2018 festgelegt sind.

Granulats pour travaux de construction - Partie 1 : caractéristiques

Le présent document spécifie les caractéristiques des granulats, c’est-à-dire les granulats sans filler d’apport (voir 3.1.1 a) et les fillers d’apport (voir 3.1.1 b), utilisés, avec ou sans exigences de sécurité rigoureuses, pour produire :
a)   du béton destiné aux bâtiments, routes et autres travaux de génie civil,
b)   des mélanges hydrocarbonés et enduits superficiels destinés aux routes, aérodromes et autres zones de circulation,
c)   des mortiers, des enduits et des chapes, par exemple mortier de maçonnerie, mortier pour plancher / chape, surfaçage des parois intérieures (mortier pour enduit), enduit des parois extérieures, matériaux spéciaux de scellement, coulis pour les bâtiments, routes et travaux de génie civil ;
d)   matériaux traités aux liants hydrauliques et matériaux non traités utilisés pour les travaux de génie civil et pour la construction des chaussées.
S’agissant de l’origine des matériaux et du processus de production, le présent document couvre les granulats naturels (voir 3.1.2), les granulats artificiels (voir 3.1.3), les granulats recyclés (voir 3.1.4), et les mélanges réalisés à partir de ces matériaux.
Les granulats couverts dans ce document sont :
a)   les granulats sans filler d’apport, y compris les gravillons (voir 3.1.8), les grits (voir 3.1.11), les sables (voir 3.1.12), les graves (voir 3.1.13), les granulats de classe naturelle (voir 3.1.14) ; et
b)   les fillers d’apport (voir 3.1.15).
Les gravillons couverts dans ce document sont les gravillons de même taille (voir 3.1.9) et les gravillons de classe granulaire étendue (voir 3.1.10).
Les fillers d’apport couverts dans ce document sont les fillers naturels (voir 3.1.16), les fillers artificiels (voir 3.1.18), les fillers additivés (voir 3.1.19), les fillers composites (voir 3.1.20) et les fillers recyclés (voir 3.1.21). Les fillers naturels comprennent les fillers d’origine calcaire (voir 3.1.17).
Ce document ne couvre pas :
—   les granulats naturels et artificiels dont la masse volumique réelle après séchage est inférieure ou égale à 2,00 Mg/m3, qui sont déjà spécifiés dans le projet de norme prEN 13055:2021,
—   les granulats recyclés dont la masse volumique réelle est inférieure à 1,50 Mg/m3,
—   les granulats dont la dimension maximale nominale est supérieure à 90 mm,
—   les enrochements, qui sont déjà spécifiés dans le projet de norme prEN13383-1:2021,
—   les granulats pour ballasts de voies ferrées, qui sont déjà spécifiés dans le projet de norme prEN 13450 1:2021,
—   l’utilisation de granulats présents dans les mélanges hydrocarbonés de réemploi, l’asphalte de réemploi utilisé comme constituant des mélanges hydrocarbonés étant déjà spécifié dans l’EN 13108 8:2016,
—   l’utilisation de granulats comme sol,
—   l’utilisation de granulats dans les terrassements, qui sont déjà spécifiés dans l’EN 16907 2:2018.

Agregati za gradbena dela - 1. del: Značilnosti

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
05-Sep-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
4020 - Public enquire (PE) (Adopted Project)
Start Date
10-Jun-2021
Due Date
28-Oct-2021

RELATIONS

Effective Date
24-Mar-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17555-1:2021
01-september-2021
Agregati za gradbena dela - 1. del: Značilnosti
Aggregates for construction works - Part 1: Characteristics
Gesteinskörnungen für Bauwerke - Teil 1: Produktnorm
Granulats pour travaux de construction - Partie 1 : caractéristiques
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17555-1
ICS:
91.100.15 Mineralni materiali in izdelki Mineral materials and
products
oSIST prEN 17555-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 17555-1:2021
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oSIST prEN 17555-1:2021
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17555-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2021
ICS 91.100.15 Will supersede EN 12620:2002+A1:2008, EN
13043:2002, EN 13139:2002, EN
13242:2002+A1:2007
English Version
Aggregates for construction works - Part 1: Characteristics

Granulats pour travaux de construction - Partie 1 : Gesteinskörnungen für Bauwerke - Teil 1:

caractéristiques Produktnorm

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 154.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17555-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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prEN 17555-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms .......................................................................... 9

3.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................. 12

4 Characteristics ............................................................................................................................................... 15

4.1 Aggregates (not including added fillers) ............................................................................................. 15

4.1.1 Particle size, shape and density .............................................................................................................. 15

4.1.2 Percentage of crushed particles .............................................................................................................. 20

4.1.3 Cleanliness ...................................................................................................................................................... 20

4.1.4 Resistance to fragmentation/crushing ................................................................................................. 27

4.1.5 Resistance to polishing/abrasion/wear/attrition ........................................................................... 28

4.1.6 Resistance to thermal shock .................................................................................................................... 30

4.1.7 Composition/content .................................................................................................................................. 30

4.1.8 Volume stability ............................................................................................................................................ 34

4.1.9 Water absorption/suction ........................................................................................................................ 35

4.1.10 Durability ........................................................................................................................................................ 36

4.1.11 Stiffening properties of fine fraction of aggregates not including added filler ..................... 39

4.1.12 Water solubility of fine fraction of aggregates not including added filler............................... 40

4.2 Added fillers ................................................................................................................................................... 40

4.2.1 Fineness / Particle size and density ...................................................................................................... 40

4.2.2 Composition/content .................................................................................................................................. 40

4.2.3 Cleanliness ...................................................................................................................................................... 42

4.2.4 Stiffening properties ................................................................................................................................... 43

4.2.5 Water solubility and susceptibility ........................................................................................................ 45

4.2.6 Soundness/volume stability ..................................................................................................................... 46

4.2.7 Loss on ignition (for fly ashes only) ....................................................................................................... 46

5 Sampling and testing methods ................................................................................................................ 47

5.1 Testing methods ........................................................................................................................................... 47

5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47

5.1.2 Methylene blue value .................................................................................................................................. 47

5.1.3 Testing for carbonate content of added composite filler .............................................................. 47

5.1.4 Testing for carbonate content of filler of limestone origin ........................................................... 48

5.1.5 Testing for calcium hydroxide content of mixed filler ................................................................... 48

5.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 48

6 Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance – AVCP ........................................... 48

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 48

6.2 Assessment of performance ..................................................................................................................... 48

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 48

6.2.2 Test samples, testing and assessment criteria .................................................................................. 49

6.3 Verification of constancy of performance ........................................................................................... 54

6.3.1 Factory production control (FPC) .......................................................................................................... 54

6.3.2 Initial inspection of factory and of FPC for AVCP 2+ only .............................................................. 70

6.3.3 Continuous surveillance of FPC for AVCP 2+ only ............................................................................ 70

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7 Marking, labelling and packaging .......................................................................................................... 70

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this European Standard with Regulation (EU)

No.305/2011 .................................................................................................................................................. 72

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 88

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European foreword

This document (prEN 17555-1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 154

“Aggregates”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede the following set of standards:
— EN 12620:2002+A1:2008,
— EN 13043:2002, together with EN 13043:2002/AC:2004,
— EN 13139:2002, together with EN 13139:2002/AC:2004, and
— EN 13242:2002+A1:2007.

The most significant technical changes compared to EN 12620:2002+A1:2008, EN 13043:2002,

together with EN 13043:2002/AC:2004, EN 13139:2002, together with EN 13139:2002/AC:2004, and

EN 13242:2002+A1:2007 include:
a) unification and clarifications of the scope statement;

b) unification and improvement of definitions for aggregate families and other matters which were

common across the four main aggregate standards EN 12620, EN 13043, EN 13139 and EN 13242,

i.e. for coarse, fine, all-in aggregates, natural graded aggregates, grit and added fillers;

c) updating and improving references to supporting test methods;
d) consolidation of classes for characteristics, including:

a. merging of classes which were common across the four main aggregate standards: EN 12620,

EN 13043, EN 13139 and EN 13242;
b. addition of classes to respond to requests from Member States;
c. addition of intermediate classes to provide a more uniform sequence;
e) with regard to aggregates (not including added filler):

a. unification of overall limits for graded coarse aggregates at mid-size sieves;

b. removal of clauses referring to tolerances on grading;

c. deletion of classes (and replacement with a simple level declaration) for proportions of

constituents of recycled aggregates and for water absorption linked to freeze thaw resistance;

d. addition of new classes for the following: grading, particle shape, crushed particles, fines

content, sand equivalent value; methylene blue value; shell content, lightweight

contaminators, resistance to fragmentation, resistance to wear, resistance to abrasion from

studded tyres, total sulfur content, water soluble sulfate content of recycled aggregates, effect

of organic contaminators on the rate of setting and hardening of concrete mortar and

hydraulically bound mixtures – recycled aggregates, resistance to weathering – magnesium

sulfate soundness;
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prEN 17555-1:2021 (E)

e. introduction of aggregate proxy characteristics and classes for the following:, susceptibility to

attrition; resistance to weathering – water absorption; water soluble sulfate content of coarse

natural aggregates; resistance to freezing and thawing in the presence of salt;

f. formal addition of characteristics and some classes for the fine fraction of aggregates not

including added filler. These are identical to the equivalent tests for added fillers and

previously were just cross referenced to filler tests;

g. removal of simple petrographic description from the characteristics and inclusion instead

under the marking labelling and packaging clause;
f) with regard to added fillers:

a. addition of new classes for total sulfur content, harmful fines, water content, volume of voids

and change of the softening point, carbonate content of filler of limestone origin, loss on

ignition;
b. removal of the clause relating to specific surface area of added filler;

c. introduction of a new characteristic and classes for carbonate content of composite filler;

g) restructuring of all clauses to be in line with the requirements of the Construction Product

Regulations;

h) introduction of revised AVCP clauses and tables, although minimum test frequencies are almost

unchanged.

Provisions for other types of aggregates and their intended uses are specified in the following

European Standards:
— prEN 13055:2021, Lightweight aggregates
— prEN 13383-1:2021, Armourstone — Part 1: Characteristics
— prEN 13450-1:2021, Aggregates for railway ballast — Part 1: Characteristics

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and

the European Free Trade Association.

For relationship with Regulation (EU) No. 305/2011 on construction products (CPR), see informative

Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.
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1 Scope

This document specifies the characteristics of aggregates, i.e. aggregates without added fillers (see

3.1.1 a) and added fillers (see 3.1.1 b), for uses, either with or without high safety requirements, for:

a) concrete for buildings, roads and other civil engineering works,

b) bituminous mixtures and surface treatments for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas,

c) mortars, renders and screeds, e.g. masonry mortar, floor/screed mortar, surfacing of internal

walls (plastering mortar), rendering of external walls, special bedding materials, repair mortar

and grouts for buildings, roads and civil engineering works;

d) unbound and hydraulically bound materials for civil engineering works and road constructions.

With regard to the material source and production process, this document covers natural aggregate

(see 3.1.2), manufactured aggregate (see 3.1.3), recycled aggregates (see 3.1.4), and mixtures of these

materials.
Aggregates covered in this document are:

a) aggregates without added fillers, including coarse aggregates (see 3.1.8), grit (see 3.1.11), fine

aggregates (see 3.1.12), all-in aggregates (see 3.1.13), natural graded aggregates (see 3.1.14); and

b) added fillers (see 3.1.15).

Coarse aggregates covered in this document are single sized coarse aggregates (see 3.1.9) and graded

coarse aggregates (see 3.1.10).

Added fillers covered in this document are natural fillers (see 3.1.16), manufactured fillers (see

3.1.18), mixed fillers (see 3.1.19), composite fillers (see 3.1.20) and recycled fillers (see 3.1.21).

Natural fillers include fillers of limestone origin (see 3.1.17).
This document does not cover:

— natural and manufactured aggregates, having oven-dried particle density less than or equal to

2,00 Mg/m , as they are already specified in prEN 13055:2021,
— recycled aggregates, with particle densities less than 1,50 Mg/m ,
— aggregates with a nominal upper size greater than 90 mm,
— armourstone, as this is specified in prEN13383-1:2021,
— aggregates for railway ballast, as these are specified in prEN 13450-1:2021,

— use of aggregates contained within reclaimed bituminous mixtures, as the reclaimed asphalt for

use as a constituent of bituminous mixtures is already specified in EN 13108-8:2016,

— use of aggregates as soil,
— use of aggregates in earthworks, as these are specified in EN 16907-2:2018.
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prEN 17555-1:2021 (E)
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.
EN 196-2:2013, Method of testing cement - Part 2: Chemical analysis of cement
EN 459-2:—, Building lime — Part 2: Test methods

prEN 932-3:2021, Tests for general properties of aggregates — Part 3: Procedure and terminology for

simplified petrographic description

prEN 933-1:2021, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 1: Determination of particle

size distribution — Sieving method

EN 933-3:2012, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part 3: Determination of particle shape -

Flakiness index

EN 933-4:2008, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part 4: Determination of particle shape -

Shape index

prEN 933-5:2021, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 5: Determination of percentage

of crushed and broken surfaces in coarse aggregate particles

prEN 933-6:2021, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 6: Assessment of surface

characteristics — Flow coefficient of aggregates

EN 933-7:1998, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part 7: Determination of shell content -

Percentage of shells in coarse aggregates

EN 933-8:2012+A1:2015, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part 8: Assessment of fines -

Sand equivalent test

prEN 933-9:2021, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 9: Assessment of fines —

Methylene blue test

EN 933-10:2009, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part 10: Assessment of fines - Grading

of filler aggregates (air jet sieving)

prEN 933-11:2021, Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates — Part 11: Classification test for the

constituents of coarse recycled aggregate

prEN 1097-1:2021, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates — Part 1: Determination

of the resistance to wear (micro-Deval)

EN 1097-2:2020, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 2: Methods for the

determination of resistance to fragmentation

EN 1097-4:2008, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 4: Determination of

the voids of dry compacted filler
To be published. Stage at the time of publication: EN 459-2:2021.
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EN 1097-5:2008, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 5: Determination of

the water content by drying in a ventilated oven

prEN 1097-6:2021, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates — Part 6: Determination

of particle density and water absorption

prEN 1097-7:2021, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 7: Determination of

the particle density of filler — Pyknometer method

EN 1097-8:2020, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 8: Determination of

the polished stone value

EN 1097-9:2014, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 9: Determination of

the resistance to wear by abrasion from studded tyres - Nordic test

EN 1097-10:2014, Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 10: Determination

of water suction height

EN 1367-1:2007, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates - Part 1: Determination of

resistance to freezing and thawing

EN 1367-2:2009, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates — Part 2: Magnesium

sulfate test

EN 1367-3:2001, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates - Part 3 : Boiling test for

"Sonnenbrand basalt"

EN 1367-4:2008, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates - Part 4: Determination of

drying shrinkage

EN 1367-5:2011, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates - Part 5: Determination of

resistance to thermal shock

EN 1367-6:2008, Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates - Part 6: Determination of

resistance to freezing and thawing in the presence of salt (NaCl)

EN 1744-1:2009+A1:2012, Tests for chemical properties of aggregates - Part 1: Chemical analysis

EN 1744-4:2005, Tests for chemical properties of aggregates - Part 4: Determination of water

susceptibility of fillers for bituminous mixtures

EN 1744-5:2006, Tests for chemical properties of aggregates - Part 5: Determination of acid soluble

chloride salts

EN 1744-6:2006, Tests for chemical properties of aggregates - Part 6: Determination of the influence of

recycled aggregate extract on the initial setting time of cement

EN 13179-1:2013, Tests for filler aggregate used in bituminous mixtures - Part 1: Delta ring and ball test

EN 13179-2:2000, Tests for filler aggregate used in bituminous mixtures — Part 2: Bitumen number

As impacted by EN 1367-3:2001/AC:2004.
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3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
aggregate

granular material of natural, manufactured or recycled origin used in construction, and including:

a) aggregates without added fillers, and
b) added fillers
3.1.2
natural aggregate

aggregate from mineral sources that has been subjected to nothing more than mechanical processing

and sometimes washing
3.1.3
manufactured aggregate

aggregate of mineral origin resulting from an industrial process involving thermal or other

modification

Note 1 to entry: Manufactured aggregates (not including added filler) are of different types, including those,

namely air-cooled blast furnace slags, steel slags and foundry cupola furnace slags, for which this standard

defines application of specific test methods to cover some essential characteristics.

3.1.4
recycled aggregate

aggregate resulting from the processing of mineral material either previously used in construction or

from the processing of the residues of material production

Note 1 to entry: Recycled aggregates can also be obtained from production residues e.g. crushed unused

concrete.
3.1.5
aggregate size

designation of aggregate in terms of lower (d) and upper (D) sieve sizes expressed as d/D, where d/D <

0,72
Note 1 to entry: Sieve sizes are selected from those in EN 933-2:2020.

Note 2 to entry: This designation accepts the presence of some particles which are retained on the upper

sieve (oversize) and some which pass the lower sieve (undersize).
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3.1.6
grading

particle size distribution expressed as the percentages by mass passing a specified set of sieves

Note 1 to entry: The grading classes are designated as G X/Y (n = C, CA, G or GA) or as G X (n = F, NG or A) in

n n
which:
n: type of grading defined below:
C = coarse;
CA = coarse aggregates for bituminous mixtures only;
G = grit;
GA = grit for bituminous mixtures only;
F = fine;
NG = natural graded;
A = all-in;
X :minimum percentage by mass passing the upper (D) sieve size;
Y :maximum percentage by mass passing the lower (d) sieve size.
3.1.7
fines
particle size fraction of an aggregate that passes the 0,063 mm sieve
3.1.8
coarse aggregate

designation given to the larger aggregate sizes with D greater than 4 mm and less than 90mm and d

greater than or equal to 1 mm
3.1.9
single sized coarse aggregate
designation given to coarse aggregate where either
D > 11,2 mm and D/d ≤ 2 or
D ≤ 11,2 mm and D/d ≤ 4
3.1.10
graded coarse aggregate
designation given to coarse aggregate where either
D > 11,2 mm and D/d > 2 or
D ≤ 11,2mm and D/d > 4
3.1.11
grit

designation given to the aggregate sizes with D less than or equal to 4 mm and d greater than or equal

to 1 mm
3.1.12
fine aggregate

designation given to the smaller aggregate sizes with D less than or equal to 4 mm and d equal to 0

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3.1.13
all-in aggregate

processed aggregate consisting of a mixture of coarse and fine aggregates with D greater than 4 mm

and d equal to 0

Note 1 to entry: It can be produced without separating into coarse and fine fractions or it can be produced by

combining coarse and fine aggregates.
3.1.14
natural graded aggregate

designation given to natural aggregate sizes of glacial and/or fluvial origin with D less than or equal to

8 mm and d equal to 0
3.1.15
added filler

aggregate, at least 70% of which passes the 0,063 mm sieve, that has been produced separately, which

can be added to construction materials to provide their performances required for certain end uses

Note 1 to entry: Added filler is sometimes described as ‘filler aggregate’.
3.1.16
natural filler

added filler from mineral sources that has been subjected to nothing more than mechanical processing

3.1.17
filler of limestone origin
added filler produced from limestone, dolomitised limestone or dolomite
3.1.18
manufactured filler

added filler of mineral origin resulting from an industrial process involving thermal or other

modification

Note 1 to entry: Manufactured added fillers are of different types, including those, namely fly ashes, for which

this standard defines application of specific test methods to cover some essential characteristics. .

3.1.19
mixed filler

added filler comprising natural or manufactured filler mixed with calcium hydroxide

3.1.20
composite filler
added filler comprising filler of limestone origin mixed with fly ash
3.1.21
recycled filler

added filler resulting from the processing of mineral material either previously used in construction or

obtained from the residues of material production
3.1.22
particle size fraction

fraction of an aggregate passing the larger of two sieves and retained on the smaller

Note 1 to entry: The lower limit can be zero.
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3.1.23
oversize

part of the aggregate retained on the upper of the limiting sieves used in aggregate size description

3.1.24
undersize

part of the aggregate passing the lower of the limiting sieves used in aggregate size description

3.1.25
product family

group of products produced by one manufacturer for which the assessment results for one or more

characteristics from any one product within the range are valid for all other products within this range

3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms

For the purposes of this document, the following symbols and abbreviations apply:

Symbol/Acronym Meaning:
A Change in the initial setting time
AAV Aggregate Abrasion Value
A Resistance against abrasion from studded tires (Nordic Abrasion value)
AS Acid-soluble sulfate content
AVCP Assessment for Verification of Constancy of Performance
BN Bitumen Number (of added filler)
C (Percentage of) Crushed particles
CC Carbonate Content of composite filler
CC Carbonate Content of filler of limestone origin
d lower sieve size designation in mm
D upper sieve size designation in mm
d/D Aggregate size designation
E Flow coefficient of fine aggregates
f Fines content
F Freeze thaw resistance
F Freeze thaw resistance in the presence of salt (extreme conditions)
FI Flakiness Index
G X/Y Grading (for “n”, “X” and “Y” see 3.1.6)
I Percentage passing the 5 mm sieve after thermal shock
Ka Calcium hydroxide content (of mixed filler)
LA Los Angeles coefficient
L Loss on ignition
MB, MB Methylene Blue value
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oSIST prEN 17555-1:2
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