Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample for testing of release and analysis of content

This European Standard is applicable for the preparation of representative test portions from the laboratory sample that has been taken as specified in respective product standards and in CEN/TR 16220, prior to testing of release and analysis of content of construction products.
This European Standard is intended to specify the sequence of operations and treatments to be applied to the laboratory sample in order to obtain suitable test portions in compliance with the specific requirements defined in the corresponding test methods and analytical procedures.

Bauprodukte - Bewertung der Freisetzung von gefährlichen Stoffen - Herstellung von Prüfmengen aus Laboratoriumsproben zur Analyse von Eluaten und Aufschlusslösungen

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für die Herstellung von repräsentativen Prüfmengen aus einer Laboratoriums¬probe, die in Übereinstimmung mit den jeweiligen Produktnormen und CEN/TR 16620 entnommen wurde, vor der Prüfung der Freisetzung und Analyse der Bestandteile von Bauprodukten.
Diese Europäische Norm soll die Abfolge der Tätigkeiten und Behandlungen festlegen, welche auf die Labo-ratoriumsprobe angewendet wird, um geeignete Prüfmengen in Übereinstimmung mit den speziellen Anforderungen, welche durch die entsprechenden Prüf  und Analyseverfahren definiert werden, herzustellen.

Produits de construction - Évaluation de l'émission de substances dangereuses - Préparation de prises d'essai à partir de l'échantillon pour laboratoire en vue des essais d'émission et d'analyse du contenu

La présente Norme européenne s'applique à la préparation de prises d'essai représentatives de l'échantillon pour laboratoire qui a été prélevé comme spécifié dans les normes produits respectives et dans le CEN/TR 16620, avant les essais d'émissions et l'analyse du contenu des produits de construction.
La présente Norme européenne a pour objet de spécifier la séquence correcte d'opérations et de traitements à appliquer à l'échantillon pour laboratoire afin d'obtenir des prises d'essai convenables conformément aux exigences spécifiques définies dans les méthodes d'essai et les modes opératoires analytiques correspondants.

Gradbeni proizvodi - Ocenjevanje sproščanja nevarnih snovi - Priprava preskusnih vzorcev iz laboratorijskega vzorca za preskušanje sproščanja nevarnih snovi in njihovo analizo

Ta evropski standard se uporablja pri pripravi reprezentativnih preskusnih vzorcev iz laboratorijskega vzorca, ki je bil vzet, kot je določeno v ustreznih standardih za izdelke in v standardu CEN/TR 16220, pred preskušanjem sproščanja nevarnih snovi in njihovo analizo v gradbenih proizvodih.
Namen tega evropskega standarda je določiti zaporedje postopkov uporabe in obdelave laboratorijskega vzorca z namenom pridobitve ustreznih preskusnih vzorcev v skladu s posebnimi zahtevami, ki so določene v ustreznih preskusnih metodah in analitičnih postopkih.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
02-Apr-2017
Publication Date
21-Feb-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
16-Jan-2019
Due Date
23-Mar-2019
Completion Date
22-Feb-2019

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 17087:2019
English language
46 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bauprodukte - Bewertung der Freisetzung von gefährlichen Stoffen - Herstellung von Prüfmengen aus Laboratoriumsproben zur Analyse von Eluaten und AufschlusslösungenProduits de construction - Évaluation de l'émission de substances dangereuses - Préparation de prises d'essai à partir de l'échantillon pour laboratoire en vue des essais d'émission et d'analyse du contenuConstruction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample for testing of release and analysis of content91.100.01Gradbeni materiali na splošnoConstruction materials in general13.020.99Drugi standardi v zvezi z varstvom okoljaOther standards related to environmental protectionICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 17087:2019SIST EN 17087:2019en,fr,de01-marec-2019SIST EN 17087:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 17087:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 17087
February
t r s { ICS
{ sä s r rä r s English Version

Construction productsã Assessment of release of dangerous substances æ Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample for testing of release and analysis of content Produits de construction ã Évaluation de l 5émission de substances dangereuses æ Préparation de prises d 5essai à partir de l 5échantillon pour laboratoire en vue des essais d 5émission et d 5analyse du contenu

Bauprodukteã Bewertung der Freisetzung von gefährlichen Stoffen æ Herstellung von Prüfmengen aus der Laborprobe zur Prüfung der Freisetzung und zur Gehaltsanalyse This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s { November
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s { CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s y r z yã t r s { ESIST EN 17087:2019
EN 17087:2019 (E) 2 Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8 4 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 11 5 Equipment ...................................................................................................................................................... 11 6 Interferences and sources of error ........................................................................................................ 11 7 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 12 7.1 Key concepts .................................................................................................................................................. 12 7.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 7.1.2 Specification of analytical requirements ............................................................................................. 13 7.1.3 Specification of sequence of operations .............................................................................................. 13 7.1.4 Choice of appropriate procedures ......................................................................................................... 13 7.2 Sequence of treatment techniques ........................................................................................................ 13 8 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 15 Annex A (normative)

Guideline for choosing sample treatment techniques ...................................... 16 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 A.2 Drying ............................................................................................................................................................... 16 A.2.1 General information .................................................................................................................................... 16 A.2.2 Air drying at room temperature ............................................................................................................. 16 A.2.2.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 16 A.2.2.2 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 17 A.2.2.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 17 A.2.3 Oven drying at 40 °C .................................................................................................................................... 17 A.2.3.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 17 A.2.3.2 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 17 A.2.3.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 17 A.2.4 Oven drying at 105 °C ................................................................................................................................. 17 A.2.4.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 17 A.2.4.2 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 18 A.2.4.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 18 A.2.5 Freeze-drying ................................................................................................................................................ 18 A.2.5.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 18 SIST EN 17087:2019

EN 17087:2019 (E) 3 A.2.5.2 When not to use it ......................................................................................................................................... 18 A.2.5.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 18 A.2.6 Chemical drying ............................................................................................................................................. 18 A.2.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 A.2.6.2 When to use it................................................................................................................................................. 18 A.2.6.3 When not to use it ......................................................................................................................................... 18 A.2.6.4 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 19 A.3 Size reduction ................................................................................................................................................ 19 A.3.1 General information .................................................................................................................................... 19 A.3.2 Cutting and coring of monolithic, sheet-like and plate-like construction products ............ 19 A.3.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19 A.3.2.2 Cutting ............................................................................................................................................................... 19 A.3.2.2.1 When to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 19 A.3.2.2.2 When not to use it................................................................................................................................. 20 A.3.2.2.3 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................ 20 A.3.2.3 Freeze cutting ................................................................................................................................................. 20 A.3.2.3.1 When to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 20 A.3.2.3.2 When not to use it................................................................................................................................. 20 A.3.2.3.3 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................ 20 A.3.2.4 Coring ................................................................................................................................................................ 20 A.3.2.4.1 When to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 20 A.3.2.4.2 When not to use it................................................................................................................................. 20 A.3.2.4.3 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................ 21 A.3.3 Size reduction of granular construction products ............................................................................ 21 A.3.3.1 Crushing and grinding ................................................................................................................................ 21 A.3.3.1.1 When to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 21 A.3.3.1.2 When not to use it................................................................................................................................. 21 A.3.3.1.3 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................ 21 A.3.3.2 Freeze crushing ............................................................................................................................................. 21 A.3.3.2.1 When to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 21 A.3.3.2.2 When not to use it................................................................................................................................. 22 A.3.3.2.3 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................ 22 A.3.3.3 Milling ............................................................................................................................................................... 22 A.3.3.3.1 When to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 22 A.3.3.3.2 When not to use it................................................................................................................................. 22 A.3.3.3.3 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................ 22 SIST EN 17087:2019

EN 17087:2019 (E) 4 A.4 Homogenization............................................................................................................................................ 22 A.4.1 General information .................................................................................................................................... 22 A.4.2 Manual homogenization ............................................................................................................................ 23 A.4.2.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 23 A.4.2.2 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 23 A.4.2.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 23 A.4.3 Mechanical homogenization .................................................................................................................... 23 A.4.3.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 23 A.4.3.2 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 23 A.4.3.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 23 A.4.4 Homogenization in case of volatile compounds ................................................................................ 23 A.5 Sub-sampling ................................................................................................................................................. 24 A.5.1 General information .................................................................................................................................... 24 A.5.2 Manual division of solid samples by coning and quartering ........................................................ 24 A.5.2.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 24 A.5.2.2 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 25 A.5.2.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 25 A.5.3 Mechanical division of solid samples .................................................................................................... 25 A.5.3.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 25 A.5.3.2 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 25 A.5.3.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 26 A.5.4 Sub-sampling for determination of volatile compounds ............................................................... 26 A.5.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26 A.5.4.2 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 26 A.5.4.3 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 26 A.5.4.4 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 26 A.5.5 Sub-sampling for moderately volatile organic compounds .......................................................... 26 A.5.5.1 When to use it ................................................................................................................................................ 26 A.5.5.2 When not to use it ........................................................................................................................................ 26 A.5.5.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 27 A.6 Storage ............................................................................................................................................................. 27 Annex B (informative)

Relationship between minimum amount of (sub-)sample and particle size .................................................................................................................................................... 28 B.1 Equation for the estimation of the minimum amount of (sub-)sample .................................... 28 B.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 B.1.2 Example: determining the fraction of particles with the property of interest ...................... 28 B.1.3 Example: estimating the minimum amount of sample ................................................................... 29 SIST EN 17087:2019

EN 17087:2019 (E) 5 B.2 Empirical rule ................................................................................................................................................ 29 Annex C (informative)

Sample treatment equipment .................................................................................. 31 Annex D (informative)

Examples of analytical methods for content and leaching ............................ 32 Annex E (informative)

Examples of preparation of test samples ............................................................. 34 E.1 Example 1: Dry matter content, leaching and analysis for pH, Cr, Cu, Mo and Zn ................. 34 E.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34 E.1.2 Choice of methods and specification of amount and characteristics of test portions ......... 34 E.1.3 Specification of amount and characteristics of the different test samples .............................. 37 E.2 Example 2: Dry matter content, TOC, loss on ignition, Cd, Hg, Pb, PCB, leaching and analysis for pH, conductivity, Cd, Hg, Pb, Cl, sulphate and TOC ................................................... 38 E.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 E.2.2 Choice of methods and specification of amount and characteristics of test portions ......... 38 E.2.3 Specification of amount and characteristics of the different test samples .............................. 39 E.2.4 Define the sequence of operations ......................................................................................................... 40 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 45

SIST EN 17087:2019

EN 17087:2019 (E) 6 European foreword This document (EN 17087:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 351 “Construction products: assessment of release of dangerous substances”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 17087:2019

EN 17087:2019 (E) 7 Introduction In laboratory practice, very often different analytical procedures have to be applied to the laboratory sample that has been taken according to the sampling plan. For this purpose, subsampling needs to be applied in such a way that the different test portions are representative for the original laboratory sample with respect to the compounds of interest and the specific analytical procedures. Ensuring the laboratory sample and test portions are representative is of major importance to guarantee the quality and accuracy of analytical results. The representativeness of the laboratory sample is specified by the sampling plan. This European Standard specifies the correct sequence of operations to ensure the representativeness of the test portions. NOTE This document is based on EN 15002 as developed by CEN/TC 292, for the preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample for the characterization of waste. SIST EN 17087:2019

EN 17087:2019 (E) 8 1 Scope This document is applicable for the preparation of representative test portions from the laboratory sample that has been taken as specified in respective product standards and in CEN/TR 16220, prior to testing of release and analysis of content of construction products. This document is intended to specify the sequence of operations and treatments to be applied to the laboratory sample in order to obtain suitable test portions in compliance with the specific requirements defined in the corresponding test methods and analytical procedures. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. ISO 14507:2003, Soil quality — Pretreatment of samples for determination of organic contaminants 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses: — IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/ — ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1 construction product any product or kit which is produced and placed on the market for incorporation in a permanent manner in construction works or parts thereof and the performance of which has an effect on the performance of the construction works with respect to the basic requirements for constructions works Note 1 to entry: Often simply referred to as “products”. Construction products may be placed on the market e.g. as liquid, granular, monolithic, sheet-like, plate-like products, shaped products or powders. They can consist of a single material or of more than one material (composite products, complex products). [SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 2.1.1] 3.2 digest solution resulting from acid digestion of a sample [SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 3.2.8] 3.3 drying process of removing liquid from a sample Note 1 to entry: For the purpose of test portion preparation, it can be useful to remove just the amount of liquid that could interfere with other processes involved (e.g. during crushing or milling). In order to minimize the alteration of the sample during test portion preparation, removing the total amount of liquid present in the sample is not necessarily needed. SIST EN 17087:2019

EN 17087:2019 (E) 9 3.4 homogenisation process of combining of components, particles or layers into a more homogeneous state of the original samples (in the case of composite samples) or pre-treated fractions of samples in order to ensure equal distribution of substances in and properties of the sample 3.5 laboratory sample sample or sub-sample(s) sent to or received by the laboratory Note 1 to entry: When the laboratory sample is further prepared by subdividing, cutting, sawing, coring, mixing, drying, grinding, and curing or by combinations of these operations, the result is the test sample. When no preparation of the laboratory sample is required, the laboratory sample is the test sample. A test portion is removed from the test sample for the performance of the test/ analysis or for the preparation of a test specimen. Note 2 to entry: The laboratory sample is the final sample from the point of view of sample collection but it is the initial sample from the point of view of the laboratory. [SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 3.2.1] 3.6 moderately volatile organic compounds organic compound having a boiling point above 180 °C (at a pressure of 101 kPa) Note 1 to entry: This definition includes: a) mineral oil; b) most polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (see ISO 13859); c) polychlorobiphenyls (PCB) (see ISO 10382); d) organochlorine pesticides (see ISO 10382). [SOURCE: EN 15002:2015, 2.7] 3.7 monolithic construction product product which has certain minimum dimensions and physical and mechanical properties that ensure its integrity over a certain period of time in the intended conditions of use Note 1 to entry: Monolithic products are usually tested by a dynamic surface leaching test. [SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 2.2.4] 3.8 particle size reduction mechanical decrease of the particle size of the sample by milling, grinding, crushing or cutting Note 1 to entry: For a monolithic construction product, the application of a jaw crusher is generally preferred. SIST EN 17087:2019

EN 17087:2019 (E) 10 3.9 sample portion of material selected from a larger quantity of material Note 1 to entry: The manner of selection of the sample should be described in a sampling plan. [SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 3.1.5] 3.10 sub-sample sample obtained by procedures in which the items of interest are randomly distributed in parts of equal or unequal size Note 1 to entry: A sub-sample may be: a) portion of the sample obtained by selection or division; b) the final sample of multistage sample-preparation. 3.11 sub-sampling process of selecting one or more sub-samples from a sample 3.12 test portion; analytical portion amount of the test sample taken for testing/ analysis purposes, usually of known weight or volume EXAMPLE 1 A bag of aggregates is delivered to the laboratory (the laboratory sample). For t

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.