Piezoelectric sensors - Part 1: Generic specifications (IEC 63041-1:2021)

This part of IEC 63041 applies to piezoelectric sensors of resonator, delay-line and non acoustic types, which are used in physical and engineering sciences, chemistry and biochemistry, medical and environmental sciences, etc.
The purpose of this document is to specify the terms and definitions for the piezoelectric sensors, and to make sure from a technological perspective that users understand the state-of-art piezoelectric sensors and how to use them correctly.

Piezoelektrische Sensoren - Teil 1: Fachgrundspezifikation (IEC 63041-1:2021)

Capteurs piézoélectriques - Partie 1: Spécifications génériques (IEC 63041-1:2021)

Piezoelektrični senzorji - 1. del: Splošne specifikacije (IEC 63041-1:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-Nov-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
10-Nov-2021
Due Date
15-Jan-2022
Completion Date
24-Nov-2021

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
English language
33 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
01-januar-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2018
Piezoelektrični senzorji - 1. del: Splošne specifikacije (IEC 63041-1:2021)
Piezoelectric sensors - Part 1: Generic specifications (IEC 63041-1:2021)
Piezoelektrische Sensoren - Teil 1: Fachgrundspezifikation (IEC 63041-1:2021)

Capteurs piézoélectriques - Partie 1: Spécifications génériques (IEC 63041-1:2021)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 63041-1:2021
ICS:
31.140 Piezoelektrične naprave Piezoelectric devices
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 63041-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2021
ICS 31.140 Supersedes EN IEC 63041-1:2018 and all of its
amendments and corrigenda (if any)
English Version
Piezoelectric sensors - Part 1: Generic specifications
(IEC 63041-1:2021)

Capteurs piézoélectriques - Partie 1: Spécifications Piezoelektrische Sensoren - Teil 1: Fachgrundspezifikation

génériques (IEC 63041-1:2021)
(IEC 63041-1:2021)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2021-10-22. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 63041-1:2021 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
EN IEC 63041-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 49/1357/CDV, future edition 2 of IEC 63041-1, prepared by IEC/TC 49

“Piezoelectric, dielectric and electrostatic devices and associated materials for frequency control,

selection and detection” was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by

CENELEC as EN IEC 63041-1:2021.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2022–07–22

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2024–10–22

document have to be withdrawn

This document supersedes EN IEC 63041-1:2018 and all of its amendments and corrigenda (if any).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national committee. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CENELEC website.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 63041-1:2021 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 60068 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 60068 (series)
IEC 60122-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60122-1
IEC 60444-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60444-1
IEC 60444-5 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60444-5
IEC 60679 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 60679 (series)
IEC 60689 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60689
IEC 60758:2016 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60758:2016 (not modified)
IEC 60862-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60862-1
IEC 61019-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61019-1
IEC 61240:2016 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61240:2017 (not modified)
IEC 61760 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 61760-4:2015/A1 (series)
IEC 61837 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 61837 (series)
IEC 63041-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 63041-2
ISO 80000 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 80000 (series)
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
EN IEC 63041-1:2021 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by

(mod), the relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is

available here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60027 series Letter symbols to be used in electrical EN 60027 series
technology
IEC 60050-561 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - - -
Part 561: Piezoelectric, dielectric and
electrostatic devices and associated
materials for frequency control, selection
and detection
IEC 60122-2-1 - Quartz crystal units for frequency control - -
and selection - Part 2: Guide to the use of
quartz crystal units for frequency control
and selection - Section One: Quartz crystal
units for microprocessor clock supply
IEC 60444-9 - Measurement of quartz crystal unit EN 60444-9 -
parameters - Part 9: Measurement of
spurious resonances of piezoelectric
crystal units
IEC 60617 - Graphical symbols for diagrams - -
IEC 63041-3 2020 Piezoelectric sensors - Part 3: Physical EN IEC 63041-3 2020
sensors
ISO 2859-1 1999 Sampling procedures for inspection by - -
attributes - Part 1: Sampling schemes
indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL)
for lot-by-lot inspection
ISO 80000-1 - Quantities and units - Part 1: General EN ISO 80000-1 -
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
IEC 63041-1
Edition 2.0 2021-09
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Piezoelectric sensors –
Part 1: Generic specifications
Capteurs piézoélectriques –
Partie 1: Spécifications génériques
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 31.140 ISBN 978-2-8322-1023-7

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
– 2 – IEC 63041-1:2021 © IEC 2021
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 7

3.1 Piezoelectric sensors .............................................................................................. 8

3.2 Types of chemical sensors ...................................................................................... 9

3.3 Types of physical sensors ....................................................................................... 9

3.4 Types of sensor modules ...................................................................................... 10

3.5 Types of sensor systems....................................................................................... 10

4 Symbols of sensor elements .......................................................................................... 10

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 10

4.2 Symbol for sensor elements of BAW resonator type .............................................. 10

4.3 Symbol for sensor elements of SAW resonator type .............................................. 11

4.4 Symbol for sensor elements of SAW delay-line type .............................................. 11

4.5 Symbol for sensor elements of non-acoustic type .................................................. 12

4.6 Symbol for wireless SAW sensor element ............................................................. 12

4.7 Symbols ................................................................................................................ 14

5 Specifications ................................................................................................................ 14

5.1 Sensor elements ................................................................................................... 14

5.1.1 General ......................................................................................................... 14

5.1.2 Sensor elements of resonator and delay-line types ........................................ 14

5.1.3 Sensor elements of non-acoustic type ........................................................... 15

5.2 Frequency ranges ................................................................................................. 15

5.3 Level of drive or input power ................................................................................. 15

5.4 Unwanted response .............................................................................................. 15

5.5 Analysis of measurements .................................................................................... 15

5.6 Enclosure ............................................................................................................. 16

5.7 Performance confirmation ..................................................................................... 16

5.8 Long-term and short-term stabilities ...................................................................... 16

5.9 Transmission power .............................................................................................. 16

6 Measurement and detection methods ............................................................................ 16

7 Delivery conditions ........................................................................................................ 16

7.1 Marking ................................................................................................................. 16

7.2 Wrapping .............................................................................................................. 16

7.3 Packaging ............................................................................................................. 17

8 Quality and reliability ..................................................................................................... 17

8.1 Reuse ................................................................................................................... 17

8.2 Validity of release ................................................................................................. 17

8.3 Test procedures .................................................................................................... 17

8.4 Screening requirements ........................................................................................ 17

8.5 Unchecked parameters ......................................................................................... 17

9 Test and measurement procedures ................................................................................ 17

9.1 General ................................................................................................................. 17

9.1.1 Test classification .......................................................................................... 17

9.1.2 Shipping test ................................................................................................. 17

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
IEC 63041-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 3 –

9.1.3 Mechanical and environmental test ................................................................ 18

9.2 Test and measurement conditions ......................................................................... 18

9.2.1 Standard conditions for testing ...................................................................... 18

9.2.2 Equilibrium state ............................................................................................ 18

9.2.3 Power supply ................................................................................................. 18

9.2.4 Alternative test system .................................................................................. 19

9.2.5 Visual inspection ........................................................................................... 19

9.3 Test conditions for shipment ................................................................................. 19

9.3.1 Temperature dependence of frequency, phase, insertion loss/gain,

motional resistance, and electric charge / voltage .......................................... 19

9.3.2 Unwanted response ....................................................................................... 19

9.3.3 Shunt capacitance ......................................................................................... 19

9.3.4 Insulation resistance ...................................................................................... 20

Annex A (normative) Measurement methods ........................................................................ 21

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 21

A.2 Measurement methods using reflection and transmission characteristics .............. 21

A.3 Measurement methods using oscillation circuits .................................................... 22

A.4 Measurement method of non-acoustic type sensor elements and cells .................. 23

A.5 Other measurement methods ................................................................................ 23

Annex B (normative) Detection methods .............................................................................. 24

B.1 General ................................................................................................................. 24

B.2 Detection methods ................................................................................................ 24

B.2.1 Frequency difference measurement ............................................................... 24

B.2.2 Insertion loss/gain measurement ................................................................... 25

B.2.3 Phase difference measurement...................................................................... 26

B.2.4 Other detection methods ................................................................................ 26

Annex C (normative) Wireless SAW sensor .......................................................................... 27

C.1 General ................................................................................................................. 27

C.2 Detection methods ................................................................................................ 27

C.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 27

C.2.2 Conceptual diagrams of wireless SAW resonator type sensor system ............ 27

C.2.3 Conceptual diagrams of wireless SAW reflective delay-line type sensor

system ........................................................................................................... 27

C.2.4 Key points of detection mechanism ................................................................ 28

C.2.5 Technical documents ..................................................................................... 28

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 29

Figure 1 – Conceptual diagrams for sensor elements of BAW resonator type ........................ 11

Figure 2 – Symbol for sensor elements of BAW resonator type ............................................. 11

Figure 3 – Conceptual diagram of sensor elements of SAW resonator type ........................... 11

Figure 4 – Symbol for sensor elements of SAW resonator type ............................................. 11

Figure 5 – Conceptual diagram for sensor elements of SAW delay-line type ......................... 12

Figure 6 – Symbol for sensor elements of SAW delay-line type ............................................. 12

Figure 7 – Conceptual diagrams for sensor elements of non-acoustic type............................ 12

Figure 8 – Symbol for sensor elements of non-acoustic type ................................................. 12

Figure 9 – Conceptual diagram for basic sensor elements of wireless SAW

resonator type ....................................................................................................................... 13

Figure 10 – Symbol for basic sensor elements of wireless SAW resonator type .................... 13

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
– 4 – IEC 63041-1:2021 © IEC 2021

Figure 11 – Conceptual diagram for basic sensor elements of wireless SAW reflective

delay-line type ...................................................................................................................... 13

Figure 12 – Symbol for basic sensor elements of wireless SAW reflective

delay‑line type ...................................................................................................................... 13

Figure A.1 – Measurement method using reflection characteristics of BAW resonator

type sensor elements and cells ............................................................................................. 21

Figure A.2 – Measurement method using reflection characteristics of SAW resonator

type sensor elements and cells ............................................................................................. 21

Figure A.3 – Measurement method using transmission characteristics of SAW delay-

line type sensor elements and cells ...................................................................................... 22

Figure A.4 – Measurement method using oscillation circuit consisting of BAW

resonator type sensor elements and cells ............................................................................. 22

Figure A.5 – Measurement method using oscillation circuit consisting of SAW

resonator type sensor elements and cells ............................................................................. 22

Figure A.6 – Measurement method using oscillation circuit consisting of SAW delay-

line type sensor elements and cells ...................................................................................... 23

Figure A.7 – Measurement method using amplifier consisting of non-acoustic type

sensor elements and cells ..................................................................................................... 23

Figure B.1 – Measurement of frequency difference using two oscillation circuits ................... 24

Figure B.2 – Measurement of frequency difference using an oscillation circuit and

frequency synthesizer ........................................................................................................... 25

Figure B.3 – Conceptual diagram of piezoelectric dual mode sensor module ........................ 25

Figure B.4 – Measurement of insertion loss/gain difference using two oscillation

circuits .................................................................................................................................. 26

Figure B.5 – Measurement of phase difference using signal generator and phase

detector ................................................................................................................................ 26

Figure C.1 – Fundamental measurement system of wireless SAW resonator type

sensor .................................................................................................................................. 27

Figure C.2 – Fundamental measurement system of wireless SAW reflective delay-line

type sensor ........................................................................................................................... 28

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
IEC 63041-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS –
Part 1: Generic specifications
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international

co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and

in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications, Technical Reports,

Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as "IEC Publication(s)"). Their

preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with

may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising

with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for

Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between

any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent

rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

IEC 63041-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 49: Piezoelectric, dielectric and

electrostatic devices and associated materials for frequency control, selection and detection. It

is an International Standard.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2017. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) the new terms "piezoelectric sensor system" and "wireless SAW sensor system" and their

definitions have been added;
b) new types of sensor modules and sensor system have been added;
c) some symbols of sensor elements are added in Clause 4;
d) a new Figure B.3 has been added in Annex B;
e) Annex C has been added.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
– 6 – IEC 63041-1:2021 © IEC 2021
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
Draft Report on voting
49/1357/CDV 49/1364/RVC

Full information on the voting for its approval can be found in the report on voting indicated in

the above table.
The language used for the development of this International Standard is English.

This document was drafted in accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, and developed in

accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1 and ISO/IEC Directives, IEC Supplement, available

at www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs. The main document types developed by IEC are

described in greater detail at www.iec.ch/standardsdev/publications.

A list of all parts in the IEC 63041 series, published under the general title Piezoelectric sensors,

can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under webstore.iec.ch in the data related to the

specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
IEC 63041-1:2021 © IEC 2021 – 7 –
PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS –
Part 1: Generic specifications
1 Scope

This part of IEC 63041 applies to piezoelectric sensors of resonator, delay-line and non-

acoustic types, which are used in physical and engineering sciences, chemistry and

biochemistry, medical and environmental sciences, etc.

The purpose of this document is to specify the terms and definitions for piezoelectric sensors,

and to make sure from a technological perspective that users understand the state-of-art

piezoelectric sensors and how to use them correctly.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies.

For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any

amendments) applies.
IEC 60027 (all parts), Letter symbols to be used in electrical technology

IEC 60050-561, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary – Part 561: Piezoelectric, dielectric

and electrostatic devices and associated materials for frequency control, selection and

detection

IEC 60122-2-1, Quartz crystal units for frequency control and selection – Part 2: Guide to the

use of quartz crystal units for frequency control and selection – Section One: Quartz crystals

for microprocessor clock supply

IEC 60444-9, Measurement of quartz crystal unit parameters – Part 9: Measurement of spurious

resonances of piezoelectric crystal units

IEC 60617, Graphical symbols for diagrams, available at https://std.iec.ch/iec60617

IEC 63041-3:2020, Piezoelectric sensors – Part 3: Physical sensors

ISO 2859-1:1999, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 1: Sampling schemes

indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection
ISO 80000-1, Quantities and units – Part 1: General
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in IEC 60027, IEC 60050-

561, IEC 60617, ISO 80000-1 and the following apply.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 63041-1:2022
– 8 – IEC 63041-1:2021 © IEC 2021
ISO a
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.