Rotating electrical machines -- Part 3: Specific requirements for synchronous generators driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines

This part of IEC 60034 applies to three-phase synchronous generators, having rated outputs of 10 MVA and above driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines. It supplements the basic requirements for rotating machines given in IEC 60034-1. Common requirements are prescribed together with specific requirements for air, for hydrogen or for liquid cooled synchronous generators. This part of IEC 60034 also gives the precautions to be taken when using hydrogen cooled generators including: - rotating exciters driven by synchronous generators; - auxiliary equipment needed for operating the generators; - parts of the building where hydrogen might accumulate.

Drehende elektrische Maschinen -- Teil 3: Besondere Anforderungen an Synchrongeneratoren angetrieben durch Dampfturbinen oder Gasturbinen

Machines électriques tournantes -- Partie 3: Règles spécifiques pour les alternateurs synchrones entraînés par turbines à vapeur ou par turbines à gaz à combustion

S'applique aux alternateurs triphasés synchrones de puissance assignée supérieure ou égale à 10 MVA entraînés par turbine à vapeur ou par turbine à gaz à combustion. Fournit les règles communes aux alternateurs synchrones ainsi que les règles spécifiques pour alternateurs refroidis par air, par hydrogène ou par un liquide, et constitue un complément aux règles fondamentales données dans la CEI 60034-1. Donne également les précautions à prendre lors de l'usage des alternateurs refroidis par hydrogène. Le domaine d'application de cette nouvelle édition a été limité par rapport à l'édition précédente.

Električni rotacijski stroji - 3. del: Posebne zahteve za sinhronske generatorje, ki jih poganjajo parne turbine ali plinske turbine (IEC 60034-3:2007)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Sep-2008
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
15-Sep-2008
Due Date
20-Nov-2008
Completion Date
23-Sep-2008

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Drehende elektrische Maschinen -- Teil 3: Besondere Anforderungen an Synchrongeneratoren angetrieben durch Dampfturbinen oder GasturbinenMachines électriques tournantes -- Partie 3: Règles spécifiques pour les alternateurs synchrones entraînés par turbines à vapeur ou par turbines à gaz à combustionRotating electrical machines -- Part 3: Specific requirements for synchronous generators driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines29.160.20GeneratorjiGenerators27.040Plinske in parne turbine. Parni strojiGas and steam turbines. Steam enginesICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 60034-3:2008SIST EN 60034-3:2008en,fr01-november-2008SIST EN 60034-3:2008SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 60034-3:20061DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 60034-3:2008
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 60034-3 NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM July 2008

CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung

Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B - 1050 Brussels
© 2008 CENELEC -

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 60034-3:2008 E
ICS 29.160 Supersedes EN 60034-3:2005
English version
Rotating electrical machines -
Part 3: Specific requirements for synchronous generators
driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines (IEC 60034-3:2007)
Machines électriques tournantes -
Partie 3: Règles spécifiques pour
les alternateurs synchrones entraînés
par turbines à vapeur ou par turbines
à gaz à combustion (CEI 60034-3:2007)
Drehende elektrische Maschinen -
Teil 3: Besondere Anforderungen

an Synchrongeneratoren angetrieben durch Dampfturbinen oder Gasturbinen (IEC 60034-3:2007)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2008-06-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 60034-3:2008
EN 60034-3:2008 - 2 -

Foreword The text of document 2/1461/FDIS, future edition 6 of IEC 60034-3, prepared by IEC TC 2, Rotating machinery, was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and was approved by CENELEC as EN 60034-3 on 2008-06-01. This European Standard supersedes EN 60034-3:2005. The significant technical changes with respect to EN 60034-3:2005 are as follows: –

the contents is now restricted to synchronous generators driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines, but covers as well cylindrical rotor and salient-pole generators; –

synchronous motors have been taken out of the scope of Part 3. The following dates were fixed: – latest date by which the EN has to be implemented

at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement
(dop)
2009-03-01 – latest date by which the national standards conflicting
with the EN have to be withdrawn
(dow)

2011-06-01 Annex ZA has been added by CENELEC. __________ Endorsement notice The text of the International Standard IEC 60034-3:2007 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard without any modification. In the official version, for Bibliography, the following note has to be added for the standard indicated: IEC 60034-8 NOTE

Harmonized as EN 60034-8:2007 (not modified). __________
SIST EN 60034-3:2008
- 3 - EN 60034-3:2008 Annex ZA (normative)

Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE

When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies.

Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60034-1 -1) Rotating electrical machines -
Part 1: Rating and performance EN 60034-1 20042)
IEC 60034-4 -1) Rotating electrical machines -

Part 4: Methods for determining synchronous machine quantities from tests EN 60034-4 19952)

IEC 60045-1 -1) Steam turbines -
Part 1: Specifications EN 60045-1 19932)
IEC 60079 (mod) Series Explosive atmospheres EN 60079 Series
1) Undated reference. 2) Valid edition at date of issue. SIST EN 60034-3:2008
SIST EN 60034-3:2008

IEC 60034-3Edition 6.0 2007-11INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NORME INTERNATIONALERotating electrical machines –

Part 3: Specific requirements for synchronous generators driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines

Machines électriques tournantes –

Partie 3: Règles spécifiques pour les alternateurs synchrones entraînés par turbines à vapeur ou par turbines à gaz à combustion

INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION COMMISSION ELECTROTECHNIQUE INTERNATIONALE UICS 29.160 PRICE CODECODE PRIXISBN 2-8318-9371-2SIST EN 60034-3:2008

– 2 – 60034-3 © IEC:2007

CONTENTS FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................4

1 Scope...............................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references.......................................................................................................6 3 Terms and definitions.......................................................................................................6 4 General............................................................................................................................7 4.1 General rules..........................................................................................................7 4.2 Rated conditions.....................................................................................................7 4.3 Rated voltage..........................................................................................................7 4.4 Power factor............................................................................................................7 4.5 Rated speed............................................................................................................7 4.6 Ranges of voltage and frequency............................................................................8 4.7 Direction of rotation.................................................................................................8 4.8 Stator winding.........................................................................................................9 4.9 Generator rated field current and voltage................................................................9 4.10 Winding insulation...................................................................................................9 4.10.1 Thermal class..............................................................................................9 4.10.2 Withstand voltage tests...............................................................................9 4.11 Insulation against shaft current................................................................................9 4.12 Over-speed test.......................................................................................................9 4.13 Critical speeds........................................................................................................9 4.14 P-Q capability diagram............................................................................................9 4.15 Overcurrent requirements......................................................................................11 4.16 Sudden short circuit..............................................................................................11 4.17 Short-circuit ratio...................................................................................................12 4.18 Direct axis transient and subtransient reactances for generators...........................12 4.19 Tolerances on short-circuit ratio and direct axis transient and subtransient reactances............................................................................................................12 4.20 Mechanical conditions for rotors............................................................................12 4.20.1 Number of starts........................................................................................12 4.20.2 Turning gear operation..............................................................................12 4.21 Coolers.................................................................................................................13 5 Air-cooled generators.....................................................................................................13 5.1 General.................................................................................................................13 5.2 Generator cooling..................................................................................................13 5.3 Temperature of primary coolant.............................................................................13 5.3.1 Temperature detectors..............................................................................14 6 Hydrogen-cooled or liquid-cooled generators..................................................................14 6.1 General.................................................................................................................14 6.2 Hydrogen pressure and purity in the casing...........................................................14 6.3 Generator housing and cover plates......................................................................14 6.4 Stator winding terminals........................................................................................14 6.5 Temperature of primary coolants, temperatures and temperature rises of the generator..............................................................................................................14 6.6 Temperature detectors..........................................................................................15 6.7 Auxiliary system....................................................................................................15 SIST EN 60034-3:2008

60034-3 © IEC:2007 – 3 –

7 Generators for combustion gas turbines or combined cycle applications.........................16 7.1 General.................................................................................................................16 7.2 Service conditions.................................................................................................16 7.2.1 General.....................................................................................................16 7.2.2 Primary coolant temperature......................................................................16 7.2.3 Number of starts........................................................................................16 7.2.4 Application of load.....................................................................................16 7.3 Rated output.........................................................................................................16 7.4 Capabilities...........................................................................................................17 7.4.1 General.....................................................................................................17 7.4.2 Base capability..........................................................................................17 7.4.3 Temperature rise and temperature at base capability.................................18 7.4.4 Peak capability..........................................................................................19 7.5 Rating plate...........................................................................................................19 7.6 Temperature tests.................................................................................................19

Annex A (normative)

Precautions to be taken when using hydrogen cooled turbine-driven synchronous generators.............................................................................................20

Bibliography..........................................................................................................................27

Figure 1 – Operation over ranges of voltage and frequency....................................................8 Figure 2 – Typical P-Q capability diagram.............................................................................10 Figure 3 – Typical generator capability curves......................................................................18 Figure A.1 – Example of a large hydrogen supply unit feeding one or more generators (simplified diagram)..............................................................................................................26

SIST EN 60034-3:2008
– 4 – 60034-3 © IEC:2007
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION ____________
ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINES –

Part 3: Specific requirements for synchronous generators driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines

FOREWORD 1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications, Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations. 2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any misinterpretation by any end user. 4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in the latter. 5) IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any equipment declared to be in conformity with an IEC Publication. 6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication. 7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is indispensable for the correct application of this publication. 9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. International Standard IEC 60034-3 has been prepared by IEC Technical Committee 2: Rotating machinery. This sixth edition cancels and replaces the fifth edition published in 2005. This edition constitutes a technical revision. The significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition are as follows: • the contents is now restricted to synchronous generators driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines, but covers as well cylindrical rotor and salient-pole generators; • synchronous motors have been taken out of the scope of part 3. SIST EN 60034-3:2008

60034-3 © IEC:2007 – 5 –

The text of this standard is based on the following documents: FDIS Report on voting 2/1461/FDIS 2/1474/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on voting indicated in the above table. This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. A list of all parts of IEC 60034 series, published under the general title Rotating electrical machines, can be found on the IEC website. The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until the maintenance result date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• reconfirmed, • withdrawn, • replaced by a revised edition, or • amended.
SIST EN 60034-3:2008
– 6 – 60034-3 © IEC:2007
ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINES –

Part 3: Specific requirements for synchronous generators driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines

1 Scope

This part of IEC 60034 applies to three-phase synchronous generators, having rated outputs of 10 MVA and above driven by steam turbines or combustion gas turbines. It supplements the basic requirements for rotating machines given in IEC 60034-1. Common requirements are prescribed together with specific requirements for air, for hydrogen or for liquid cooled synchronous generators.

This part of IEC 60034 also gives the precautions to be taken when using hydrogen cooled generators including:

– rotating exciters driven by synchronous generators;

– auxiliary equipment needed for operating the generators; – parts of the building where hydrogen might accumulate.

NOTE 1 These requirements also apply to a synchronous generator driven by both a steam turbine and a combustion gas turbine as part of a single shaft combined cycle unit. NOTE 2 These requirements do not apply to synchronous generators driven by water (hydraulic) turbine or wind turbine. NOTE 3 The precautions to be taken when using hydrogen are valid for all cases where hydrogen is used as a coolant. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. IEC 60034-1, Rotating electrical machines – Part 1: Rating and performance IEC 60034-4, Rotating electrical machines – Part 4: Methods for determining synchronous machine quantities from tests IEC 60045-1, Steam turbines – Part 1: Specifications IEC 60079 (all parts), Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions in IEC 60034-1 together with the following additions apply. SIST EN 60034-3:2008

60034-3 © IEC:2007 – 7 –
3.1

mechanical start change in speed from zero or turning gear speed to rated speed 3.2

turning gear operation rotation at low speed to maintain thermal equilibrium of the turbine and/or rotor

4 General 4.1 General rules Turbine driven synchronous generators shall be in accordance with the basic requirements for rotating machines specified in IEC 60034-1 unless otherwise specified in this standard. Wherever in this standard there is reference to an agreement, it shall be understood that this is an agreement between the manufacturer and the purchaser.

4.2 Rated conditions The rated conditions are given by the rated values of – the apparent power; – frequency; – voltage; – power factor; – primary coolant temperature (40°C unless otherwise agreed upon); and where applicable, – site altitude; – hydrogen pressure; – range of hydrogen purity, see IEC 60034-1. 4.3 Rated voltage The rated voltage shall be fixed by agreement.

4.4 Power factor The power factor shall be agreed upon between the purchaser and manufacturer. Standardised rated power factors at the generator terminals are 0,8, 0,85 and 0,9 overexcited.

NOTE 1 Other values may be agreed upon, the lower the power factor the larger will be the generator.

NOTE 2 It is recommended that the generator should be capable of providing 0,95 underexcited power factor at rated MW. 4.5 Rated speed The rated speed shall be 3 000/p min–1 for 50 Hz generators; 3 600/p min–1 for 60 Hz generators;

where p is the number of pole pairs. SIST EN 60034-3:2008
– 8 – 60034-3 © IEC:2007
4.6 Ranges of voltage and frequency

Generators shall be capable of continuous rated output at the rated power factor over the ranges of ±5 % in voltage and ±2 % in frequency, as defined by the shaded area of Figure 1. The temperature rise limits in Tables 7 and 8, or the temperature limits in Table 12 of IEC 60034-1 shall apply at the rated voltage and frequency only.

NOTE 1 As the operating point moves away from the rated values of voltage and frequency, the temperature rise or total temperatures may progressively increase. Continuous operation at rated output at certain parts of the boundary of the shaded area causes temperature rises to increase by up to 10 K approximately. Generators will also carry output at rated power factor within the ranges of ±5 % in voltage and 35+−% in frequency, as defined by the outer boundary of Figure 1, but temperature rises will be further increased. Therefore, to minimize the reduction of the generator's lifetime due to the effects of temperature or temperature differences, operation outside the shaded area should be limited in extent, duration and frequency of occurrence. The output should be reduced or other corrective measures taken as soon as practicable.

If an operation over a still wider range of voltage or frequency or deviations from rated frequency and voltage are required, this should be the subject of an agreement.

NOTE 2 It is considered that overvoltage together with low frequency, or low voltage with over-frequency, are unlikely operating conditions. The former is the condition most likely to increase the temperature rise of the field winding. Figure 1 shows operation in these quadrants restricted to conditions that will cause the generator and its transformer to be over- or under-fluxed by no more than 5 %. Margins of excitation and of stability will be reduced under some of the operating conditions shown. As the operating frequency moves away from the rated frequency, effects outside the generator may become important and need to be considered. As examples: the turbine manufacturer will specify ranges of frequency and corresponding periods during which the turbine can operate; and the ability of auxiliary equipment to operate over a range of voltage and frequency should be considered.

1051039810010210398979595 f
%V %IEC
082/05 Figure 1 – Operation over ranges of voltage and frequency
4.7 Direction of rotation

The direction of rotation shall be shown on the generator or on its rating plate, and the time-phase sequence of the stator voltage shall then be indicated by marking the terminals in the sequence in which their voltages reach maximum, for example, U1, V1, W1.

NOTE Terminal markings may not be consistent with IEC 60034-8.
SIST EN 60034-3:2008
60034-3 © IEC:2007 – 9 –

For generators having one driving end, this shall be the reference end for the direction of rotation. For generators having two drive ends, the more powerful drive end shall be the reference end. If not applicable, the end opposite to the excitation leads shall be the reference end for the direction of rotation. The sense of rotation (clockwise or counter-clockwise) shall be defined when facing the generator rotor coupling from the reference side. 4.8 Stator winding

Unless otherwise agreed upon, rated generator voltage corresponds to star connection. All winding ends shall be brought out and arranged in an agreed arrangement of the external connections to the generator. 4.9 Generator rated field current and voltage The generator rated field current and voltage are those values needed for the generator to operate at rated conditions. 4.10 Winding insulation

4.10.1 Thermal class

Insulation systems used for the windings shall be of thermal class 130 or higher.

4.10.2 Withstand voltage tests Withstand voltage tests shall be in accordance with IEC 60034-1, Table 16. 4.11 Insulation against shaft current

Suitable precautions shall be taken to prevent harmful flow of shaft current and to earth the rotor shaft adequately. Any insulation needed shall preferably be arranged so that it can be measured while the generator is operating. Shaft voltage spikes caused by static excitation with controlled rectifiers shall be kept down by suitable means to non-critical values. These spikes could cause damage, for example the bearing Babbitt by breaking through the bearing oil film. 4.12 Over-speed test

Rotors shall be tested at 1,2 times rated speed for 2 min.
4.13 Critical speeds

Critical speeds of the combined shaft train shall not cause unsatisfactory operation within the speed range corresponding to the frequency range agreed upon in accordance with 4.6 (see also IEC 60045-1).

4.14 P-Q capability diagram The manufacturer shall supply a P-Q capability diagram indicating the limits of operation. The P-Q diagram shall be drawn for operation at rated conditions. A typical P-Q diagram is shown in Figure 2, its boundaries are set by the following limitations:

– curve A represents operation with constant rated field current and therefore with approximately constant temperature rise of the field winding;

SIST EN 60034-3:2008
– 10 – 60034-3 © IEC:2007

– curve B represents constant rated stator current and consequently approximately constant temperature rise of the stator winding;

– curve C indicates the limit set by localized end region heating, or by steady-state stability, or by a combination of both effects.

NOTE 1 Figure 2 may contain other operational limits such as maximum turbine limits and minimum excitation limits. By agreement between the manufacturer and the purchaser, other diagrams may be provided for operation at agreed upon conditions within the voltage and frequency ranges agreed upon in accordance with 4.6, and for cooling and temperature conditions and where applicable hydrogen pressures other than rated.

NOTE 2 The generator should be operated within the boundaries of the diagram appropriate to the chosen conditions of voltage, frequency and cooling, and hydrogen pressure if applicable. Operation outside these boundaries will shorten the life of the generator.

NOTE 3 For a generator with a water cooled stator winding at reduced hydrogen pressure, the maximum water pressure within the winding can become higher than the hydrogen pressure. Hence, in the case of a leak, water can move from the water circuit towards the hydrogen environment within the casing. This could cause failure.

1,0XB DAC0,8 Y 0,6 0,4 0,2 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 Y' 0,2 0,40,60,81,2IEC
083/05
Key A limited by field winding temperature
per unit kW B limited by armature winding temperature Y

per unit kvar overexcited C limited by the temperatures of the core end parts or by steady state stability Y'

per unit kvar underexcited D rated output
Figure 2 – Typical P-Q capability diagram
SIST EN 60034-3:2008
60034-3 © IEC:2007 – 11 –
4.15 Overcurrent requirements

Generators with rated outputs up to 1 200 MVA shall be capable of carrying, without damage, a stator current of 1,5 per unit (p.u.) for 30 s.

For ratings greater than 1 200 MVA, agreement should be reached on a time duration less than 30 s, decreasing as the rating increases, to a minimum of 15 s, the current remaining at 1,5 per unit for all ratings.

The generator shall be capable of other combinations of overcurrent and time that give the same degree of additional heat above that caused by 1 p.u. current.

Thus, for generators up to 1 200 MVA,
(I2 – 1)t = 37,5 s where I is the stator current per unit (p.u.);
t is its duration in seconds.

This relationship shall apply for values of t between 10 s and 60 s. NOTE It is recognized that stator temperatures will exceed rated load values under these conditions, and therefore the generator construction is based upon the assumption that the number of operat

...

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