Non-destructive testing - Characterization and verification of ultrasonic test equipment - Part 1: Instruments (ISO 22232-1:2020)

This International Standard specifies methods and acceptance criteria for assessing the electrical performance of analogue and digital ultrasonic instruments for pulse operation using A-scan display, employed for manual ultrasonic non-destructive testing with single or dual-transducer probes operating within the centre frequency range 0,5 MHz to 15 MHz. Ultrasonic instruments for continuous waves are not included in this standard. This standard may partly be applicable to ultrasonic instruments in automated systems but then other tests can be needed to ensure satisfactory performance.

Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung - Charakterisierung und Verifizierung der Ultraschall-Prüfausrüstung - Teil 1: Prüfgeräte (ISO 22232-1:2020)

Dieses Dokument legt Verfahren und Annahmekriterien im Frequenzbereich von 0,5 MHz bis 15 MHz fest, mit denen die elektrische Leistungsfähigkeit von digitalen Ultraschall Prüfgeräten für Impulsbetrieb, mit A Bild Darstellung für die manuelle zerstörungsfreie Ultraschallprüfung mit Einzelschwinger Prüfköpfen oder Prüfköpfen mit getrennten Wandlern bewertet wird. Dieses Dokument gilt auch für Mehr¬kanal Prüfgeräte. Teile dieses Dokuments können für Ultraschall Prüfgeräte in automatisierten Prüfanlagen herangezogen werden, wobei jedoch weitere Prüfungen erforderlich sein können, um eine zufrieden¬stellende Leistung sicherzustellen.
Dieses Dokument schließt Ultraschall Prüfgeräte für Dauerschall aus.
Dieses Dokument schließt ebenfalls Ultraschall Prüfgeräte mit phasengesteuerten Arrays aus, siehe z. B. ISO 18563 1. Wenn ein Prüfgerät mit phasengesteuerten Arrays über fest zugeordnete Anschlüsse für Einzelschwinger Prüfköpfe oder Prüfköpfe mit getrennten Wandlern verfügt, ist dieses Dokument für diese Kanäle anwendbar.

Essais non destructifs - Caractérisation et vérification de l'appareillage de contrôle par ultrasons - Partie 1: Appareils (ISO 22232-1:2020)

Le présent document spécifie les méthodes et les critères d'acceptation dans une gamme de fréquences de 0,5 MHz à 15 MHz permettant d'évaluer les performances électriques des appareils numériques de contrôle par ultrasons à impulsions utilisant une représentation de type A, pour effectuer des contrôles non destructifs manuels par ultrasons avec des traducteurs à transducteur simple ou à émetteur et récepteur séparés. Le présent document s'applique également aux appareils multivoies. Le présent document peut en partie s'appliquer aux appareils de contrôle par ultrasons utilisés dans les systèmes automatisés, mais d'autres essais peuvent alors être nécessaires afin de garantir des performances satisfaisantes.
Le présent document exclut les appareils de contrôle par ultrasons à ondes continues.
Le présent document exclut également les appareils de contrôle par ultrasons en multiéléments; voir, par exemple, l'ISO 18563‑1. Si un appareil à ultrasons en multiéléments est équipé de connecteurs dédiés à des traducteurs à transducteur simple ou à émetteur et récepteur séparés, le présent document s'applique à ces voies.

Neporušitvene preiskave - Ugotavljanje značilnosti in overjanje naprav za ultrazvočno preskušanje - 1. del: Aparati (ISO 22232-1:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
07-Oct-2018
Publication Date
08-Nov-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Sep-2020
Due Date
07-Nov-2020
Completion Date
09-Nov-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
01-december-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 12668-1:2011
Neporušitvene preiskave - Ugotavljanje značilnosti in overjanje naprav za
ultrazvočno preskušanje - 1. del: Aparati (ISO 22232-1:2020)

Non-destructive testing - Characterization and verification of ultrasonic test equipment -

Part 1: Instruments (ISO 22232-1:2020)
Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung - Charakterisierung und Verifizierung der Ultraschall-
Prüfausrüstung - Teil 1: Prüfgeräte (ISO 22232-1:2020)

Essais non destructifs - Caractérisation et vérification de l'appareillage de contrôle par

ultrasons - Partie 1: Appareils (ISO 22232-1:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 22232-1:2020
ICS:
19.100 Neporušitveno preskušanje Non-destructive testing
SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
EN ISO 22232-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 19.100 Supersedes EN 12668-1:2010
English Version
Non-destructive testing - Characterization and verification
of ultrasonic test equipment - Part 1: Instruments (ISO
22232-1:2020)

Essais non destructifs - Caractérisation et vérification Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung - Charakterisierung und

de l'appareillage de contrôle par ultrasons - Partie 1: Verifizierung der Ultraschall-Prüfausrüstung - Teil 1:

Appareils (ISO 22232-1:2020) Prüfgeräte (ISO 22232-1:2020)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 4 July 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 22232-1:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
EN ISO 22232-1:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
EN ISO 22232-1:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 22232-1:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 135 "Non-

destructive testing" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 138 “Non-destructive testing”

the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 12668-1:2010.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 22232-1:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 22232-1:2020 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 22232-1
First edition
2020-07
Non-destructive testing —
Characterization and verification of
ultrasonic test equipment —
Part 1:
Instruments
Essais non destructifs — Caractérisation et vérification de
l'appareillage de contrôle par ultrasons —
Partie 1: Appareils
Reference number
ISO 22232-1:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
ISO 22232-1:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
ISO 22232-1:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 General requirements of conformity .............................................................................................................................................. 4

6 Manufacturer’s technical specification for ultrasonic instruments ...............................................................4

7 Performance requirements for ultrasonic instruments ............................................................................................. 7

8 Group 1 tests ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

8.1 Equipment required for group 1 tests ................................................................................................................................ 9

8.2 Battery operational time ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

8.2.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.2.2 Acceptance criterion ..................................................................................................................................................10

8.3 Stability after warm-up time ....................................................................................................................................................10

8.3.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................10

8.3.2 Acceptance criteria .....................................................................................................................................................10

8.4 Stability against temperature ..................................................................................................................................................10

8.4.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................10

8.4.2 Acceptance criterion ..................................................................................................................................................12

8.5 Stability against voltage variation .......................................................................................................................................12

8.5.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................12

8.5.2 Acceptance criterion ..................................................................................................................................................13

8.6 Time base deviation ........................................................................................................................................................................13

8.6.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................13

8.6.2 Acceptance criterion ..................................................................................................................................................15

8.7 Transmitter pulse parameters ................................................................................................................................................15

8.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.7.2 Pulse repetition frequency ...................................................................................................................................15

8.7.3 Effective output impedance .................................................................................................................................15

8.8 Receiver ......................................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.8.2 Cross talk from transmitter to receiver during transmission ................................................16

8.8.3 Dead time after transmitter pulse .................................................................................................................17

8.8.4 Dynamic range and maximum input voltage........................................................................................19

8.8.5 Receiver input impedance ....................................................................................................................................20

8.8.6 Time-corrected gain (TCG) ..................................................................................................................................21

8.9 Gates ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.9.2 Gates with value output ..........................................................................................................................................23

8.9.3 Gates with analogue output.................................................................................................................................25

8.9.4 Gates with alarm output .........................................................................................................................................27

8.10 Highest digitized frequency ......................................................................................................................................................28

8.10.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................28

8.10.2 Acceptance criterion ..................................................................................................................................................29

8.11 Response time of digital ultrasonic instruments ....................................................................................................29

8.11.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................29

8.11.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................29

8.11.3 Acceptance criterion ..................................................................................................................................................30

9 Group 2 tests ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................30

9.1 Equipment required for group 2 tests .............................................................................................................................30

9.2 Physical state and external aspects ....................................................................................................................................31

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
ISO 22232-1:2020(E)

9.2.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................31

9.2.2 Acceptance criterion ..................................................................................................................................................31

9.3 Transmitter voltage, pulse rise time and duration ...............................................................................................31

9.3.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................31

9.3.2 Acceptance criteria .....................................................................................................................................................34

9.4 Receiver ......................................................................................................................................................................................................34

9.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................34

9.4.2 Frequency response ...................................................................................................................................................34

9.4.3 Noise level ...........................................................................................................................................................................36

9.4.4 Gain linearity ....................................................................................................................................................................37

9.4.5 Vertical display linearity ........................................................................................................................................37

Annex A (normative) Special conditions for ultrasonic instruments with logarithmic amplifiers .39

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................40

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
ISO 22232-1:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 135, Non-destructive testing, Subcommittee

SC 3, Ultrasonic testing, in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN)

Technical Committee CEN/TC 138, Non-destructive testing, in accordance with the Agreement on

technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).
A list of all parts in the ISO 22232 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 22232-1:2020(E)
Non-destructive testing — Characterization and
verification of ultrasonic test equipment —
Part 1:
Instruments
1 Scope

This document specifies methods and acceptance criteria within the frequency range of 0,5 MHz to

15 MHz, for assessing the electrical performance of digital ultrasonic instruments for pulse operation

using A-scan display, for manual ultrasonic non-destructive testing with single- or dual-transducer

probes. This document is also applicable for multi-channel instruments. This document can partly be

applicable to ultrasonic instruments in automated systems, but other tests can be needed to ensure

satisfactory performance.
This document excludes ultrasonic instruments for continuous waves.

This document also excludes ultrasonic phased array instruments, see e.g. ISO 18563-1. If a phased

array instrument has dedicated connectors for single- or dual-transducer probes this document is

applicable for these channels.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 5577, Non-destructive testing — Ultrasonic testing — Vocabulary

ISO/IEC 17050-1, Conformity assessment — Supplier's declaration of conformity — Part 1: General

requirements
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 5577 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
analogue output

output from the ultrasonic instrument which gives a d.c. voltage nominally proportional to the

amplitude of the largest received signal within a monitor gate
3.2
cross talk during transmission

amount of signal transfer from the transmitter output to the receiver input during the transmission pulse,

with the ultrasonic instrument set for separate transmitter-receiver operation (dual-transducer probe)

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
ISO 22232-1:2020(E)
3.3
dead time after transmitter pulse

time interval following the start of the transmitter pulse during which the amplifier is unable to respond

to incoming signals, when using the pulse-echo technique, because of saturation by the transmitter pulse

3.4
digital output

output from the ultrasonic instrument which gives a low or high value depending if a signal is below or

above a monitor gate threshold
3.5
digitisation sampling error

error introduced into the displayed amplitude of an input signal by the periodic nature of measurements

taken by an analogue-to-digital converter
3.6
equivalent input noise

measure of the electronic noise level observed on the ultrasonic instrument screen, and defined by

the input signal level, measured at the receiver input terminals, that would give the same level on the

screen if the amplifier itself were noiseless
3.7
external attenuator

standard attenuator calibrated to a traceable source used to test the ultrasonic instrument

3.8
fall time

time it takes the proportional gate output to fall from 90 % to 10 % of its peak value

3.9
switched monitor gate signal hold time

time for which the switched output from a monitor gate remains above 50 % of its maximum output

following a signal in the monitor gate which is above the threshold
3.10
hold time

time for which the analogue output (3.1) is above 50 % of its maximum output

following a signal in the monitor gate
3.11
linearity of analogue output

measure of how close the voltage output from the proportional gate is to being directly proportional to

the input signal amplitude
3.12
mid-gain position

ultrasonic instrument gain setting which is half way between the maximum and minimum gains

EXAMPLE For an ultrasonic instrument with a maximum gain of 100 dB and a minimum gain of 0 dB, the

mid-gain position would be 50 dB.
Note 1 to entry: Mid-gain position is measured in decibels.
3.13
receiver input impedance

characterisation of the internal impedance of the receiver as a parallel resistance and capacitance

3.14
response time

time over which a signal has to be detected by an ultrasonic instrument before it is displayed at 90 % of

its peak amplitude
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
ISO 22232-1:2020(E)
3.15
temporal resolution

minimum time interval over which two pulses are resolved by a drop in amplitude of 6 dB

3.16
switching hysteresis

difference in amplitude between the signal which turns on and the signal which turns off a monitor gate

4 Symbols
Symbol Unit Meaning
A , A dB Attenuator settings used during tests
o n
C pF Parallel capacity of receiver at the maximum gain
max
C pF Parallel capacity of receiver at the minimum gain
min
D dB Cross talk during transmission
Δf Hz Frequency bandwidth measured at the proportional gate output
f Hz Centre frequency measured at the proportional gate output
f Hz Upper frequency limit at −3 dB, measured at the proportional gate output
f Hz Lower frequency limit at −3 dB, measured at the proportional gate output
Frequency with the maximum amplitude in the frequency spectrum measured at the
f Hz
gmax
proportional gate output
f Hz Centre frequency
f Hz Upper frequency limit at −3 dB
f Hz Lower frequency limit at −3 dB
f Hz Frequency with the maximum amplitude in the frequency spectrum
max
Δf Hz Frequency bandwidth
G dB Dynamic range

I A Amplitude of the maximum current that can be driven by the proportional gate output

max
N — Number of measurements taken
n Equivalent input noise
nV/ Hz
ein
R Ω Termination resistor
R Ω Input resistance of receiver at the maximum gain
max
R Ω Input resistance of receiver at the minimum gain
min
S dB Attenuator setting
ΔT s Time increment
t s Temporal resolution
t s Pulse duration
T s Time to the end of a distance-amplitude curve
final
T s Time to the start of a distance-amplitude curve
t s Measured rise time

t s Transmitter pulse rise time from an amplitude of 10 % to 90 % of the peak amplitude

t s Oscilloscope rise time
V V Input voltage at the receiver
V V Equivalent input noise voltage
ein
V V Input voltage
V V Proportional gate output voltage with load resistor
V V Maximum input voltage of the receiver
max
V V Minimum input voltage of the receiver
min
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 22232-1:2020
ISO 22232-1:2020(E)
Symbol Unit Meaning
V V Proportional gate output voltage with no load resistor

V V Voltage amplitude of the transmitter pulse with a 50 Ω loading of the transmitter

V Ω Voltage amplitude of the transmitter pulse with a 75 Ω loading of the transmitter

Z Ω Output impedance of transmitter
Z Ω Output impedance of analogue output
5 General requirements of conformity

An ultrasonic instrument complies with this document if it fulfils all of the following requirements:

a) the ultrasonic instrument shall comply with Clause 7 within the frequency range of 0,5 MHz to

15 MHz;

b) a declaration of conformity according to ISO/IEC 17050-1 shall be available, issued by either

the manufacturer operating a certified quality management system (e.g. in accordance with

ISO 9001) or by an organization operating an accredited test laboratory (e.g. in accordance with

ISO/IEC 17025);

c) the ultrasonic instrument shall be clearly marked to identify the manufacturer, and carry a unique

serial number or show a permanent reference number from which information can be traced to the

data sheet;

d) a manufacturer‘s technical specification corresponding to the ultrasonic instrument shall be

available, which defines the performance criteria in accordance with Clause 6.
6 Manufacturer’s technical specification for ultrasonic instruments

The manufacturer’s technical specification for an ultrasonic instrument shall contain, as a minimum,

the information listed in Table 1. The actual values quoted for the parameters listed in this clause shall

be the results obtained from the tests described in Clause 7, with tolerances given as indicated.

Where applicable, these details should also include sampling rates used, effect of pulse repetition

frequency or display range on the sampling rate and response time. In addition, the principles of any

algorithm used to process data for display shall be described and the version of any software installed

shall be quoted.
Table 1 — Technical characteristi
...

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