Friction stir spot welding - Aluminium - Part 3: Qualification of welding personnel (ISO 18785-3:2018)

This document specifies the requirements for the qualification of welding personnel for friction stir spot welding (FSSW) of aluminium.
In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys.
This document does not apply to personnel exclusively performing loading or unloading of the automatic welding unit.

Rührreibpunktschweißen - Aluminium - Teil 3: Qualifizierung der Bediener von Schweißeinrichtungen (ISO 18785-3:2018)

Dieses Dokument legt die Anforderungen an die Qualifizierung der Bediener von Schweißeinrichtungen für das Rührreibpunktschweißen (FSSW) von Aluminium fest.
Der Begriff "Aluminium" bezieht sich in diesem Dokument auf Aluminium und seine Legierungen.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Personal, das ausschließlich das Be- und Entladen der automatischen Schweißeinrichtung ausführt.

Soudage par friction-malaxage par points - Aluminium - Partie 3: Qualification du personnel en soudage (ISO 18785-3:2018)

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de qualification du personnel en soudage pour le soudage par friction-malaxage par points de l'aluminium.
Dans le présent document, le terme «aluminium» se rapporte à l'aluminium et ses alliages.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas au personnel effectuant exclusivement le chargement ou le déchargement de l'unité de soudage automatique.

Točkovno varjenje z gnetenjem - Aluminij - 3. del: Kvalifikacija varilcev (ISO 18785-3:2018)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
02-Nov-2020
Publication Date
04-Feb-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
21-Jan-2021
Due Date
28-Mar-2021
Completion Date
05-Feb-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
01-marec-2021

Točkovno varjenje z gnetenjem - Aluminij - 3. del: Kvalifikacija varilcev (ISO 18785-

3:2018)

Friction stir spot welding - Aluminium - Part 3: Qualification of welding personnel (ISO

18785-3:2018)
Rührreibpunktschweißen - Aluminium - Teil 3: Qualifizierung der Bediener von
Schweißeinrichtungen (ISO 18785-3:2018)

Soudage par friction-malaxage par points - Aluminium - Partie 3: Qualification du

personnel en soudage (ISO 18785-3:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 18785-3:2021
ICS:
25.160.01 Varjenje, trdo in mehko Welding, brazing and
spajkanje na splošno soldering in general
77.120.10 Aluminij in aluminijeve zlitine Aluminium and aluminium
alloys
SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
EN ISO 18785-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
January 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 25.160.01
English Version
Friction stir spot welding - Aluminium - Part 3:
Qualification of welding personnel (ISO 18785-3:2018)

Soudage par friction-malaxage par points - Aluminium Rührreibpunktschweißen - Aluminium - Teil 3:

- Partie 3: Qualification du personnel en soudage (ISO Qualifizierung der Bediener von Schweißeinrichtungen

18785-3:2018) (ISO 18785-3:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 December 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 18785-3:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
EN ISO 18785-3:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
EN ISO 18785-3:2021 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 18785-3:2018 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/IIW "International

Institute of Welding" of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken

over as EN ISO 18785-3:2021 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 121 “Welding and allied processes” the

secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by July 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 18785-3:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 18785-3:2021 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18785-3
First edition
2018-11
Friction stir spot welding —
Aluminium —
Part 3:
Qualification of welding personnel
Soudage par friction-malaxage par points — Aluminium —
Partie 3: Qualification du personnel en soudage
Reference number
ISO 18785-3:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
ISO 18785-3:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
ISO 18785-3:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Qualification .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 FSSW weld setter qualification ................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.3 Essential variables and the ranges of qualification ................................................................................................. 2

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3.2 Friction stir spot welding variant ...................................................................................................................... 2

4.3.3 Welding equipment ....................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3.4 Parent materials ............................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3.5 Weld joint geometry ..................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3.6 Range of qualification .................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.4 Qualification methods ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.4.1 Qualification based on a standard welding test .................................................................................... 3

4.4.2 Qualification based on a welding procedure test ................................................................................ 3

4.4.3 Qualification based on a pre-production test or production test .......................................... 3

4.4.4 Qualification based on a production welding sample test ........................................................... 3

4.5 Test welds .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.5.2 Testing of welds ................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.5.3 Re-testing ............................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.6 Test record .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5 Certificate ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Period of validity ................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.1 Initial qualification ......................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.2 Confirmation of the validity ................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.3 Prolongation of the validity .................................................................................................................................... 5

Annex A (informative) Functional knowledge of the welding unit ....................................................................................... 6

Annex B (informative) Weld setter qualification test certificate ............................................................................................ 7

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
ISO 18785-3:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by the IIW, International Institute of Welding, Commission III, Resistance

welding, solid state welding and allied joining processes.

Any feedback, question or request for official interpretation related to any aspect of this document

should be directed to IIW via your national standards body. A complete listing of these bodies can be

found at www .iso .org/members .html.
A list of all parts in the ISO 18785 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 18785-3:2021
ISO 18785-3:2018(E)
Introduction

Welding processes are widely used in the fabrication of engineered structures. During the second half

of the twentieth century, fusion welding processes, wherein fusion is obtained by the melting of parent

material and usually a filler metal, dominated the welding of large structures. In 1991, friction stir

welding (FSW), which is carried out entirely in the solid phase (no melting), was invented.

Friction stir spot welding (FSSW) processes are spot-like variants of the FSW process. Unlike

...

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