Railway applications - Preparation of standards for urban rail systems design, construction, manufacture, operations and maintenance

This document applies to Urban Rail systems design, construction, manufacture, operations and maintenance. Urban Rail systems cover both Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT) and other rail systems which might be excluded from the scope of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC (Article 1.3 (a) and (b))1. Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT), which cover Metro, Tram and Light Rail, are defined as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated2 or not from general road and pedestrian traffic. Categories of Urban Rail systems include:
– (I) Metros: UGT systems operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic. They are consequently designed for operations in tunnel, viaducts or on surface level but with physical separation in such a way that inadvertent access is not possible. In different parts of the world, Metro systems are also known as the underground, the subway or the tube. Rail systems with specific construction issues operating on a segregated guideway (e.g. monorail, rack railways) are also treated as Metros as long as they are designated as part of the urban public transport network.
– (II) Trams: UGT systems not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, which share their right of way with general road and/or pedestrian traffic and are therefore embedded in their relevant national road traffic legislation (highway codes and specific adaptations).
– (III) Light Rail: Light Rail is defined as a UGT system operated in parts of the system not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, and in parts of the system with segregated right-of-way. The segregation may include some sections of line where inadvertent access is not possible.
– (IV) Local rail systems which by national decision complying with Article 1.3 (a) or (b) of Directive 2008/57/EC may be excluded from the European Community Rail System. Such systems connect city centres with their suburban hinterland or regional local centres. Such systems are operated on rights of way which are basically segregated from general road and/or pedestrian traffic and/or which can be declared by law as independent from the public environment even if they are not segregated by location, form of construction or appropriate measures.

Bahnanwendungen - Vorbereitung auf Normen an Schienennahverkehrssysteme Planung, Bau, Herstellung, Betrieb Und Instandhaltung

Applications ferroviaires – Préparation des normes pour la conception, la construction, la fabrication, l'exploitation et la maintenance des réseaux ferroviaires urbains

Železniške naprave - Priprava standardov za načrtovanje, izvedbo, proizvodnjo, obratovanje in vzdrževanje urbanih železniških sistemov

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Feb-2014
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
29-Jan-2014
Due Date
05-Apr-2014
Completion Date
28-Feb-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-V CEN/CLC Guide 26:2014
01-april-2014
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Railway applications - Preparation of standards for urban rail systems design,
construction, manufacture, operations and maintenance
Bahnanwendungen - Vorbereitung auf Normen an Schienennahverkehrssysteme
Planung, Bau, Herstellung, Betrieb Und Instandhaltung

Applications ferroviaires – Préparation des normes pour la conception, la construction, la

fabrication, l'exploitation et la maintenance des réseaux ferroviaires urbains
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/CLC Guide 26:2013
SIST-V CEN/CLC Guide 26:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-V CEN/CLC Guide 26:2014
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SIST-V CEN/CLC Guide 26:2014
CEN-CENELEC
GUIDE
Railway applications –
Preparation of standards for
urban rail systems design,
construction, manufacture,
operations and maintenance
Edition 1, June 2013

CEN and CENELEC adopted this CEN-CENELEC Guide 26 through CEN/BT Decision C53/2013 and CENELEC/BT

Decision D144/C179 respectively.
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SIST-V CEN/CLC Guide 26:2014
European Committee for Standardization
Tel: +32 2 550 08 11
Fax: +32 2 550 08 19
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Tel: +32 2 519 68 71
Fax: +32 2 550 08 19
Avenue Marnix 17
1000 Brussels – Belgium
www.cen.eu
www.cenelec.eu
www.cencenelec.eu
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CEN-CENELEC Guide 26:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Object ......................................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ..................................................................................................... 6

3.1 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................... 6

3.2 Abbreviations .................................................................................................................................. 8

4 General requirements ............................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Safety ............................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Health ............................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3 Environmental protection .............................................................................................................. 8

4.4 Reliability and availability .............................................................................................................. 9

4.5 Technical compatibility .................................................................................................................. 9

4.6 Procedural requirement ................................................................................................................. 9

5 Requirements specific to operations and subsystems ....................................................................... 10

5.1 Operations ..................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Maintenance .................................................................................................................................. 10

5.3 Infrastructure................................................................................................................................. 11

5.4 Traction Power Supply ................................................................................................................. 12

5.5 Signalling, Automatic Train Control and Operations Control Systems .................................. 12

5.6 Rolling Stock ................................................................................................................................. 13

5.7 Passenger information systems ................................................................................................. 14

5.8 Ticketing systems ......................................................................................................................... 14

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CEN-CENELEC Guide 26:2013 (E)
Introduction

This document is the one mentioned as "Fundamental requirements" in the “Mandate for programming and

standardisation in the field of Urban Rail” M/486 EN addressed to the European Standardisation Bodies in

order to develop standards for voluntary use. This document shall be used as a reference for the execution of

this mandate.

This document is intended to serve as a recommendation for Competent Authorities responsible for design,

construction, operation and maintenance of Urban Rail systems.

The starting point for this document is the fact pointed out in the mandate that the so-called “Essential

Requirements” for interoperability set out in Annex III of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC were not

intended to cover urban and local rail systems.

The scope is covering general requirements as presented in Clause 4 and requirements related to sub-

systems as presented in Clause 5.
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1 Scope

This document applies to Urban Rail systems design, construction, manufacture, operations and

maintenance.

Urban Rail systems cover both Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT) and other rail systems which might

be excluded from the scope of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC (Article 1.3 (a) and (b)) .

Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT), which cover Metro, Tram and Light Rail, are defined as public

transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and

suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from

general road and pedestrian traffic.
Categories of Urban Rail systems include:

– (I) Metros: UGT systems operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and

pedestrian traffic. They are consequently designed for operations in tunnel, viaducts or on surface level

but with physical separation in such a way that inadvertent access is not possible. In different parts of the

world, Metro systems are also known as the underground, the subway or the tube. Rail systems with

specific construction issues operating on a segregated guideway (e.g. monorail, rack railways) are also

treated as Metros as long as they are designated as part of the urban public transport network.

– (II) Trams: UGT systems not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, which share their right

of way with general road and/or pedestrian traffic and are therefore embedded in their relevant national

road traffic legislation (highway codes and specific adaptations).

– (III) Light Rail: Light Rail is defined as a UGT system operated in parts of the system not segregated

from general road and pedestrian traffic, and in parts of the system with segregated right-of-way. The

segregation may include some sections of line where inadvertent access is not possible.

– (IV) Local rail systems which by national decision complying with Article 1.3 (a) or (b) of Directive

2008/57/EC may be excluded from the European Community Rail System. Such systems connect city

centres with their suburban hinterland or regional local centres. Such systems are operated on rights of

way which are basically segregated from general road and/or pedestrian traffic and/or which can be

declared by law as independent from the public environment even if they are not segregated by location,

form of construction or appropriate measures. For historical reasons they might be strongly influenced

by conventional railway parameters and their operations procedures.
2 Object

The object of this document is to give guidance for the preparation of standards for Urban Rail systems

design, construction, manufacture, operations & maintenance.

This guidance is intended to be used notably by CEN/TC256 and CLC/TC9X and all those potentially

concerned with the preparation of standards for Urban Rail systems design, construction, manufacture,

operations and maintenance.
(a) Metros, Trams and other Light Rail systems;

(b) networks that are functionally separate from the rest of the rail system and are intended only for the operation of local, urban or

suburban passenger services, as well as railway undertakings operating solely on these networks; […].

The segregation is achieved by appropriate measures such as kerbstones, railings, hedges, rows of trees, level crossings or fixed

barriers of fences.
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3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1.1
construction and manufacturing

new construction or manufacturing as well as a significant change to a system, sub-system or component

(e.g. infrastructure or rolling stock)

Note 1 to entry: “Construction” applies to construction, extension, upgrade and renewal.

3.1.2
design

initial project phase of the development of a system, sub-system or component covering all steps from

preliminary outlines to final documentation before implementation
3.1.3
guideway

part of infrastructure intended for movements or storage of trains (including sidings and stabling areas)

Note 1 to entry: The guideway is made up of engineering structure (including tunnels, viaducts and bridges) and

track.
3.1.4
infrastructure

encompasses stopping places and stations (places where passengers can enter or leave the system) and

guideway
3.1.5
maintenance

maintenance of infrastructure, rolling stock and other subsystems covers all preventive and corrective

activities intended to keep a system or sub-system in proper operating condition

Note 1 to entry: This covers prevention of failures in service, retarding deterioration, and repairing or replacing

components or equipment after failure.
3.1.6
operations

all measures intended to effect the transport of passengers, both under normal and degraded conditions,

including training of operations staff, traffic planning and management

This definition is different from the one of Annex II of the Directive 2008/57/EC modified by Directive 2011/18/EU (“2.1. Infrastructure:

The track, points, engineering structures (bridges, tunnels, etc.), associated station infrastructure (platforms, zones of access,

including the needs of persons with reduced mobility, etc.), safety and protective equipment.”)

This definition is different from the one of Annex II of the Directive 2008/57/EC modified by Directive 2011/18/EU (“The procedures,

associated equipment, logistics centres for maintenance work and reserves providing the mandatory corrective and preventive

maintenance to ensure the interoperability of the rail system and guarantee the performance required.”).

This definition is different from the one of Annex II of the Directive 2008/57/EC modified by Directive 2011/18/EU (“Operation and

traffic management: The procedures and related equipment enabling coherent operation of the various structural subsystems, during

both normal and degraded operation, including in particular train composition and train driving, traffic planning and management; The

professional qualifications which may be required for carrying out cross-border services.”).

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3.1.7
passenger information systems
applications providing passengers with information before and during the journey
3.1.8
rolling stock

single or multiple unit vehicles operated on urban rail systems as a train-set or as a part of a train-set

Note 1 to entry: Rolling stock, which is not intended to be separated during train operation, is considered to be

one train set.
3.1.9
signalling, Automatic Train Control and Operations Control Systems

all the equipment necessary to ensure safe movements of trains, including control of route elements, as well

as to manage and supervise train operations and possibly to ensure safe passenger transfers between trains

and platforms

Note 1 to entry: These include: Signalling Systems, Automatic Train Control Systems, Operations Control

Systems.
3.1.10
stations

parts of the infrastructure intended for boarding and alighting of passengers to/from trains (e.g. platform

areas) as well as areas providing access from the public environment to the transport system, i.e. the area

under the responsibility of the transport company
3.1.11
stopping places

intended for boarding and alighting of passengers as part of the public environment

3.1.12
ticketing systems

aspects related to fare selection, sale and validation of tickets or passes, and control of access to - or exit

from - the system
3.1.13
traction power supply

system, including electric power generation, transformation and conversion, power distribution and power

storage

This definition is different from the one given under “Telematics Applications” in Annex II of the Directive 2008/57/EC modified by

Directive 2011/18/EU. (“Telematics Applications. In accordance with Annex I, this subsystem comprises two elements:

(a) applications for passenger services, including systems providing passengers with information before and during the journey,

reservation and payment systems, luggage management and management of connections between trains and with other modes of

transport;

(b) applications for freight services, including information systems (real-time monitoring of freight and trains), marshalling and

allocation systems, reservation, payment and invoicing systems, management of connections with other modes of transport and

production of electronic accompanying documents.”).

Indeed, the term “Telematics Applications” covers too wide a range of issues not applicable to urban rail.

This definition is different from the one of Annex II of the Directive 2008/57/EC modified by Directive 2011/18/EU (“Structure,

command and control system for all train equipment, electric current collection devices, traction and energy conversion units, on-

board equipment for electricity consumption measuring, braking, coupling and running gear (bogies, axles, etc.) and suspension,

doors, man/machine interfaces (driver, on-board staff and passengers, including the needs of persons with reduced mobility), passive

or active safety devices and requisites for the health of passengers and on-board staff.”).

This definition is different from the one of Annex II of the Directive 2008/57/EC modified by Directive 2011/18/EU (“2.3. Trackside

control-command and signalling: All the trackside equipment required to ensure safety and to command and control movements of

trains authorised to travel on the network.” & “2.4. On-board control-command and signalling: All the on-board equipment required to

ensure safety and to command and control movements of trains authorised to travel on the network.”).

See previous footnote.

This definition is different from the one of Annex II of the Directive 2008/57/EC modified by Directive 2011/18/EU. The words

“Traction Power Supply” are used instead of the word “Energy” and the definition is slightly changed (“The electrification system,

including overhead lines and the trackside of the electricity consumption measuring system.”).

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3.2 Abbreviations
For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviations apply.
UGT Urban Guided Transport
4 General requirements
4.1 Safety

4.1.1 Urban Rail systems shall be so constructed that their use, compliant with regulations, will not cause

harm to anybody or endanger anybody more than is deemed acceptable by regulations.

4.1.2 The design, construction, operation and maintenance of Urban Rail systems shall be carried out in

such a manner as to maintain their operation as intended, including in specified degraded situations, and to

assure the level of safety required by the responsible body. This shall include consideration of all persons

likely to interact with the system, including the case of a Tram or a Light Rail system operated on a public

road not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic.

4.1.3 The safety risk of any foreseeable hazard shall be limited by appropriate means.

4.1.4 Infrastructure, rolling stock and other subsystems shall be so constructed that they withstand the

highest mechanical, electrical and thermal stresses foreseen, without endangering operation.

4.1.5 The design and construction of infrastructure, rolling stock and other subsystems and choice of

materials used shall be aimed at limiting the generation, propagation and consequences of fire and emission

of harmful fumes or gases.

4.1.6 Any device in infrastructure, rolling stock and other subsystems intended to be handled by users shall

be clearly visible, reachable, its purpose easily recognisable or clearly explained, and so designed that it does

not impair the safe operation of the device itself or of the system or the health and safety of users.

4.1.7 Infrastructure, rolling stock and other subsystems shall be so constructed that devices and equipment

which could endanger persons cannot be touched - as far as their access is not prohibited - either on purpose

or inadvertently except by authorised staff.

4.1.8 Infrastructure, rolling stock and other subsystems shall be so designed and constructed

...

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