Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for the design and construction of printing and paper converting machines - Part 3: Cutting machines

1.1   This European Standard applies to cutting machines used in paper converting:
-   guillotines;
-    three-knife trimmers;
-    index cutting machines;
-   trimmers;
-   rotary cutters;
-   round cornering machines;
-   label punching machines.
This European Standard is only applicable in conjunction with !EN 1010-1:2004+A1". Both parts together identify all significant hazards relevant to the cutting machines when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). The specific requirements of this European Standard take precedence over respective requirements of !EN 1010-1:2004+A1".
This European Standard is not applicable to cutting machines manufactured before the publication of this European Standard by CEN.
1.2   This standard does not apply to winder-slitters or sheeters (see EN 1034-1, EN 1034-3, prEN 1034-5).

Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitsanforderungen an Konstruktion und Bau von Druck- und Papierverarbeitungsmaschinen - Teil 3: Schneidemaschinen

1.1 Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Schneidemaschinen der Papierverarbeitung:
⎯ Planschneidemaschinen;
⎯ Dreischneider;
⎯ Registerschneidemaschinen;
⎯ Trimmer;
⎯ Rotationsschneider;
⎯ Eckenrundstoßmaschinen;
⎯ Etikettenstanze.
Diese Europäische Norm ist nur gemeinsam mit !EN 1010-1:2004+A1" anwendbar. Beide Teile
zusammen behandeln alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, die auf die Schneidemaschinen zutreffen, wenn sie
bestimmungsgemäß und entsprechend den vorhersehbaren Bedingungen des Herstellers verwendet werden
(siehe Abschnitt 4). Die spezifischen Anforderungen dieser Europäischen Norm haben Vorrang vor
entsprechenden Anforderungen der !EN 1010-1:2004+A1".
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Schneidemaschinen, die vor der Veröffentlichung dieser Europäischen
Norm durch CEN hergestellt wurden.
1.2 Diese Norm gilt nicht

Sécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour la conception et la construction de machines d'impression et de transformation du papier - Partie 3: Coupeuses et massicots

1.1   La présente norme européenne s’applique aux coupeuses et massicots suivants utilisés dans le domaine de la transformation du papier :
-   massicots droits ;
-   massicots trilames ;
-   machines à imprimer et à découper les répertoires ;
-   massicots trilatéraux ;
-   massicots trilatéraux rotatifs ;
-   machines à découper les coins ronds ;
-   machines à découper les étiquettes.
La présente norme européenne doit uniquement être appliquée conjointement avec l’!EN 1010-1:2004+A1". Ces deux normes traitent tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs engendrés par les machines d'impression et de transformation du papier lorsqu'elles sont utilisées normalement et dans les conditions prévues par le constructeur (voir article 4). Les spécifications de la présente norme européenne ont la priorité sur celles de l’!EN 1010-1:2004+A1".
La présente norme européenne n’est pas applicable aux coupeuses et massicots qui ont été fabriqués avant la date de publication de la présente Norme européenne par le CEN.
1.2   La présente norme ne s’applique ni aux découpeuses transversales ni aux bobineuses (voir l’EN 1034-1, l’EN 1034-3 et le prEN 1034-5).

Varnost strojev - Varnostne zahteve za načrtovanje in konstrukcijo tiskarskih strojev in strojev za obdelavo papirja - 3. del: Rezalniki

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Nov-2009
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-Oct-2009
Due Date
24-Dec-2009
Completion Date
17-Nov-2009

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitsanforderungen an Konstruktion und Bau von Druck- und Papierverarbeitungsmaschinen - Teil 3: SchneidemaschinenSécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour la conception et la construction de machines d'impression et de transformation du papier - Partie 3: Coupeuses et massicotsSafety of machinery - Safety requirements for the design and construction of printing and paper converting machines - Part 3: Cutting machines85.100Oprema za papirno industrijoEquipment for the paper industry37.100.10Reprodukcijska opremaReproduction equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009en01-december-2009SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1010-3:2002+A1
October 2009 ICS 37.100.10; 85.100 Supersedes EN 1010-3:2002English Version

Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for the design and construction of printing and paper converting machines - Part 3: Cutting machines

Sécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour la conception et la construction de machines d'impression et de transformation du papier - Partie 3: Coupeuses et massicots

Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitsanforderungen an Konstruktion und Bau von Druck- und Papierverarbeitungsmaschinen - Teil 3: Schneidemaschinen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 4 March 2002 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 15 September 2009.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009: ESIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009

EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 41Scope .............................................................................................................................................................. 52Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 53Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................................... 54List of significant hazards ............................................................................................................................ 65Safety requirements and/or measures ........................................................................................................ 86Verification of safety requirements and/or measures .............................................................................. 227Information for use ...................................................................................................................................... 24Annex A (normative)

Safety distance of ESPDs on guillotines .......................................................................... 26Annex ZA (informative)

!!!!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC"""" ............................................................................................... 27Annex ZB (informative)

!!!!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC"""" ........................................................................................... 28Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 29

SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009
EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 3 Foreword

This document (EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009) has been prepared by CEN /TC 198, "Printing and paper machinery - Safety", the Secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by April 2010.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 2009-09-15. This document supersedes EN 1010-3:2002. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of the EU Directives.

!For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this document."

This European Standard consists of the following parts:
Part 1
Common requirements Part 2
Printing and varnishing machines including pre-press machinery Part 3
Cutting machines Part 4

Bookbinding, paper converting and finishing machines Part 5 Machines for the production of corrugated board and machines for the conversion of flat and corrugated board

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this document: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009

EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 4 Introduction
This European Standard is a type C standard as specified in EN 1070.

It contains additional safety requirements and/or deviations from !EN 1010-1:2004+A1".

The scope of this European Standard refers to the relevant machines and the hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events covered.

For machines designed and constructed in accordance with this type C standard, the following applies: if specifications in this type C standard deviate from the specifications in type A or type B standards, the specifications in this type C standard have priority over the specifications of the other standards. SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009

EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 5 1 Scope 1.1 This European Standard applies to cutting machines used in paper converting:

- guillotines; -
three-knife trimmers; -

index cutting machines; - trimmers; - rotary cutters; - round cornering machines; - label punching machines.

This European Standard is only applicable in conjunction with !EN 1010-1:2004+A1". Both parts together identify all significant hazards relevant to the cutting machines when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). The specific requirements of this European Standard take precedence over respective requirements of !EN 1010-1:2004+A1".

This European Standard is not applicable to cutting machines manufactured before the publication of this European Standard by CEN.

1.2 This standard does not apply to winder-slitters or sheeters (see EN 1034-1, EN 1034-3, prEN 1034-5).

2 Normative references

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments).

EN 292-1, Safety of machinery - Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design. Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology.

EN 294, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the upper limbs.

EN 953, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards.

!EN 1010-1:2004+A1, Safety of machinery – Safety requirements for the design and construction of printing and paper converting machines – Part 1: Common requirements"

.EN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery – Principles of risk assessment.
EN 1070, Safety of machinery – Terminology.

EN 1080, Safety of machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards - Principles for design and selection.

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions in EN 1070, !EN 1010-1:2004+A1" and the following apply:

3.1 knives cutting tools with translational movement
3.2 SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009

EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 6 rotary knives circular knives with rotational movement

3.3 dynamic forces maximum forces occurring measured by a spring constant as described in Clause 6

3.4 guillotines machines using a knife for cutting stacks of paper sheets or similar substrates - 3.5 feeding tables tables for feeding the material to be cut to the guillotine

3.6

three-knife trimmers, trimmers cutting machines for cutting two or three sides of book blocks, stationery, magazines with the material fed manually or automatically

3.7 rotary cutters machines using rotary knives for cutting book blocks, stationery, magazines with automatic feeding

3.8 index cutting machines machines for making index cuts on book blocks and stationery and for printing indexes

3.9 round cornering machines machines for cutting round corners on book blocks and stationery

3.10 label punching machines machines for cutting out labels

3.11 ESPD electro-sensitive protective device 4 List of significant hazards 4.1 This clause contains all the significant hazards, as far as they are dealt with in this standard, identified by the risk assessment method as being significant for this type of machinery and which require action to eliminate or reduce the risk. When carrying out the risk assessment, the machine designer shall check whether the list of hazards in Table 1 is complete and applicable with respect to the particular machine. 4.2 It is of great importance that the user of this standard, e.g. the designer, manufacturer or supplier, takes into account the following principal aspects in accordance with EN 1050:  the intended use of the machine including setting-up (making ready), cleaning and maintenance, including forseeable misuse;  identification of the significant hazards.

SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009
EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 7

Table 1 - Significant hazards, danger zones, safety measures Significant hazards Danger zone Safety measures: reference to clauses in

this standard EN 292-1 EN 1050:1996Annex A Mechanícal hazards crushing shearing cutting

trapping drawing-in impact Guillotines - knife/clamping bar danger zone - knife

- clamping bar - backgauge - automatic mode Integral feeding and delivery equipment for guillotines - feeding table

- rear table of guillotine - gripper - delivery table Index cutting machines - feeding and delivery - automatic feeding and delivery - knives Three-knife trimmers, trimmers - knives

- manual feeding - automatic mode Rotary cutters - rotary knives Round cornering machines - knives, saws Label punching machines - punching knife - waste opening

5.2.3, 5.2.4 5.2.5, 5.2.7, 5.2.10 5.2.6, 5.2.8 5.2.9 5.2.13
5.3.1, 5.3.4, 5.3.5 5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.6 to 5.3.11
5.4.1 5.4.2 5.4.3.1, 5.4.3.2
5.5.1, 5.5.3, 5.5.4 5.5.2 5.5.5
5.6.1, 5.6.2
5.7.1 to 5.7.3

5.8.1, 5.8.2, 5.8.4 4.2.1 1 Neglecting ergonomic principles in machine design unhealthy body postures Guillotines - knock-up devices - optical cutting line indicators

5.2.11 5.2.12 4.9 8 Faults, malfunctions in the control systems faults in safety-related circuits Guillotines - knife and clamping bar, ESPDs and their related signal processing Label punching machines - punching area

5.2.1, 5.2.2
5.8.3
SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009
EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 8 5 Safety requirements and/or measures 5.1 General

Machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause. In addition, the machine shall be designed according to the principles of EN 292 for hazards that are relevant but not significant and not dealt with by this European Standard (e.g. sharp edges). The common requirements of !EN 1010-1:2004+A1" shall also be taken into account.

5.2 Guillotines 5.2.1 Control systems The use of guillotines requires routine and regular access to the danger zone to be provided and therefore the requirements specified in 5.2.6.2, 5.2.8.3, 5.2.9.2, and 5.2.11.3 of !EN 1010-1:2004+A1" shall be adhered to.

NOTE

Safety-related parts of the control system include emergency stop, two-hand controls, ESPDs, safety position switches and their related signal processing.

5.2.2 ESPDs  the requirements for ESPDs according to 5.2.9.2 of !EN 1010-1:2004+A1" shall be met. ESPDs shall be provided with a re-start interlock.

If an interruption of the ESPD is due to body access, the cutting cycle shall be restarted by an intentional action;  the minimum distance between the ESPD and the cutting plane is calculated as indicated in annex A based on a resolution capability of less than or equal to 40 mm, measured when projected onto the centre point between the machine table and the lower edge of the clamping bar (see Figures 2 and 3);  the distance between one ESPD beam and another - measured between the respective centres of the optical systems - shall not exceed 55 mm with a resolution capability of less than or equal 40 mm. 5.2.3 Operating side

On guillotines, guards and/or safety devices shall prevent access to knife and clamping bar danger points from the front (operating) side. These requirements are met by

 an interlocking guard according to EN 953 and EN 1088 without side openings; any openings on the front side of the guard shall be designed in accordance with EN 294 (see Figure 1).

SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009
EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 9

57128634 Key 1 Backgauge 2 Clamping bar 3 Knife 4 Interlocking guard 5 Cutting plane 6 Front of table 7 Rear of machine 8 Front of machine Figure 1 — Interlocking guard on front side or  ESPDs extending to the machine table without side openings. The arrangement of the ESPD shall be as shown in Figure 2. The front table shall be at least S + 30 mm long, measured from the cutting plane (S

is the safety distance of the ESPD).
SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009
EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 10

571286S34 Key 1 Backgauge 2 Clamping bar 3 Knife 4 ESPD 5 Cutting plane 6 Front of table 7 Rear of machine 8 Front of machine

Figure 2 — ESPDs on guillotine or  a two-hand control and an ESPD. The control elements of the two-hand control shall be at least 550 mm apart and mounted on the end of the front of table. Positioning of the ESPD shall be as shown in Figure 3.

SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009
EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 11 751268<>16°94S3<185 mm610 mm

Key 1 Backgauge 2 Clamping bar 3 Knife 4 Beam of front ESPD 5 Cutting plane 6 Front of table 7 Rear of machine 8 Front of machine 9 Two-hand control Figure 3 — ESPDs and two-hand control on guillotine The outermost beam of the ESPD shall be on the side of the aperture angle not exceeding 16°, but shall not be more than 185 mm above the machine table. The minimum distance to the cutting plane shall be 610 mm (see Figure 4). <16°1>610 mm2<185 mm Key 1 Cutting plane 2 Permissible area for outermost beam of the ESPD

Figure 4 — Arrangement of the outermost beam of the ESPD SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009

EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 12 The minimum length of the front machine table shall be at least the distance between outermost beam of the ESPD and lowest point of the cutting plane plus 30 mm. On guillotines with an automatic cutting sequence, an additional ESPD shall be provided at a distance of 400 mm to 550 mm from the cutting plane and at a height from 0 mm to 205 mm above the table surface (see Figure 5). The first cutting cycle shall be started by two-hand control. All further cutting cycles are started automatically. During the automatic cutting sequence, the backgauge shall only be allowed to travel forwards (direction of clamp). 550 mm400 mm123205 mm Key 1 Cutting plane 2

Permissible area for additional ESPD 3 Front of table Figure 5 — Position of additional ESPD  as an exception, on machines with a usable pile height of more than 185 mm, the outermost beam of the ESPD may be on the side of the aperture angle not exceeding 16°

and at a distance of at least 610 mm
and 710 mm maximum from the lowest point of the cutting plane (see Figure 6).

<16°1< 710 mm> 610 mm2 Key 1 Cutting plane 2 Permissible area for outermost beam of the ESPD

Figure 6 — Arrangement of the outermost beam of the ESPD
SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009

EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 13 An ESPD shall be provided at a distance of 400 mm to 550 mm from the cutting plane and at a height of between

0 mm and 205 mm from the table surface (see Figure 5). On stand-alone guillotines with openings of less than or equal to 165 mm between the housing of the ESPD and the machine table, a safety distance of S = A+B = 550 mm shall be maintained between the lowest point of the cutting plane and the outer edge of the housing (see Figure 7) or guards shall be provided. Otherwise,

EN 294 shall apply (safety distance of 850 mm). SBA165 mm Figure 7 — Safety distance S (S = A+B)

5.2.4 Back of the machine Guillotines shall have guards and/or safety devices at the back to prevent access to knife and clamping bar danger points .

These requirements are satisfied by

 ESPDs type 4, where routine and regular access beneath the knife is required (see 5.2.9.2 of !EN 1010-1:2004+A1"), or type 2, where routine and regular access is not required (see 5.2.9.1 of !EN 1010-1:2004+A1"), or  fixed guards (with safety distances as specified in EN 294) or  interlocking guards (with safety distances as specified in EN 294). 5.2.5 Knife stopping and overrun

SIST EN 1010-3:2003+A1:2009

EN 1010-3:2002+A1:2009 (E) 14 5.2.5.1 At the end of automatic cutting sequence or after each individual cutting stroke, the knife shall automatically stop in a safe position. 5.2.5.2 Failure of the knife to stop within the designed stopping time or path shall result in lockout. On guillotines safeguarded by ESPDs and driven by cranks, the overrun shall be measured in each cutting cycle. On guillotines with linear drive and safeguarding by ESPD, the overrun shall be measured after each interruption of the cutting cycle.

5.2.5.3 At the end of each cutting cycle or after the last stroke of an automatic cutting cycle, the knife shall stop in the top dead centre and shall not be allowed to overrun the top dead centre.

This shall be prevented by mechanical devices, (for example, by safety bolts, latches, safety clutches). 5.2.6 Interruption of the cutting cycle 5.2.6.1 Guillotines with a crank-driven knife movement with no possibility of reversing its movement shall be

designed so that the clamping bar is not allowed to retract automatically into its starting position after the cutting cycle has been interrupted. 5.2.6.2 Guillotines with hydraulically-operated knife movement shall be designed so that, in the event of the cycle being interrupted, the knife and clamping bar automatically retract into their starting position. 5.2.7 Failure of transmission components A failure of the transmission components between the braking devices and knife carrier shall not generate any hazardous movements of the knife. This requirement is satisfied, for example, by providing mechanical means to prevent the knife and the clamping bar from falling.

5.2.8 Clamping bar 5.2.8.1 The dynamic clamping force of the clamping bar during cut marking shall not exceed 300 N on cutting machines of up to 1,6 m width or 500 N on cutting machines above 1,6 m width. NOTE For measuring methods, see table 2, footnote e). 5.2.8.2 Clamping bars shall have no cut-outs, lips or holes on the side facing the knife. Where there are cut-outs, these can be made safe by fitting covers or spring-loaded plugs.

5.2.9 Backgauge 5.2.9.1 Where backgauges can travel automatically, the danger point between the back edge of the clamping bar and the backgauge shall be safeguarded by one of the following measures:  active ESPDs,  automatic travel limited to up to 25 mm in front of the back edge of the clamping bar with further travel only possible manually or under hold-to-run control with a maximum speed of 3 m/min,  protection against reaching below the clamping bar by providing a guard which makes the danger point between the guard and backgauge at leas

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