Glass in building - Adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass - Part 1: Definitions and descriptions

This European Standard defines the characteristics, properties and classification of adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass, i.e. glass that has had an adhesive backed polymeric film applied, for use in buildings. This standard does not apply to adhesive backed polymeric films manufactured from polyvinylchloride (PVC).

Glas im Bauwesen - Glas mit selbstklebender Polymerfolie - Teil 1: Begriffe und Beschreibungen

Die vorliegende Europäische Norm definiert die Merkmale, Eigenschaften und die Klassifizierung von Glas mit selbstklebende Polymerfolie für die Verwendung in Gebäuden, d. h. von Glas, auf das eine selbstklebende Polymerfolie aufgebracht wurde.
Die vorliegende Norm gilt nicht für selbstklebende Polymerfolien, die aus Polyvinylchlorid (PVC) gefertigt wurden.

Verre dans la construction - Verre avec film polymère adhésif - Partie 1 : Définitions et descriptions

La présente Norme européenne se rapporte aux caractéristiques, aux propriétés et à la classification du verre revêtu d’un film polymère adhésif c'est-à-dire, le verre sur lequel est appliqué un film polymère adhésif pour une utilisation dans les bâtiments.
La présente norme ne s'applique pas aux films polymères adhésifs qui sont fabriqués à partir du polychlorure de vinyle (PVC).

Steklo v gradbeništvu - Samolepljiva polimerna steklena folija - 1. del: Definicije in opisi

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-May-2008
Withdrawal Date
17-Apr-2011
Current Stage
98 - Abandoned project (Adopted Project)
Start Date
18-Apr-2011
Due Date
23-Apr-2011
Completion Date
18-Apr-2011

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 15755-1:2008
01-maj-2008

Steklo v gradbeništvu - Samolepljiva polimerna steklena folija - 1. del: Definicije in

opisi

Glass in building - Adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass - Part 1: Definitions and

descriptions
Glas im Bauwesen - Glas mit selbstklebender Polymerfolie - Teil 1: Begriffe und
Beschreibungen

Verre dans la construction - Verre avec film polymère adhésif - Partie 1 : Définitions et

descriptions
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 15755-1
ICS:
01.040.81
81.040.20
83.140.10
oSIST prEN 15755-1:2008 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN 15755-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
January 2008
ICS
English Version
Glass in building - Adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass -
Part 1: Definitions and descriptions

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 129.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language

made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 15755-1:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................4

2 Normative References...........................................................................................................................4

3 Definitions..............................................................................................................................................5

4 Glass Substrate......................................................................................................................................8

5 Product definitions................................................................................................................................8

5.1 General....................................................................................................................................................8

5.2 Solar control...........................................................................................................................................8

5.3 Safety......................................................................................................................................................9

5.4 Security...................................................................................................................................................9

5.4.1 General....................................................................................................................................................9

5.4.2 Resistance to manual attack ................................................................................................................9

5.4.3 Resistance to explosive pressure........................................................................................................9

5.4.4 Resistance to ballistic attack................................................................................................................9

5.5 RFI/EMI Shielding.................................................................................................................................10

5.6 Anti-graffiti............................................................................................................................................10

5.7 Decorative film.....................................................................................................................................10

5.8 Low Emissivity.....................................................................................................................................10

5.9 Ultra Violet Reducing Films ................................................................................................................10

5.10 Privacy..................................................................................................................................................10

6 Determination of the durability of adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass ................................10

6.1 General..................................................................................................................................................10

6.2 Humidity Test.......................................................................................................................................10

6.2.1 Principle................................................................................................................................................10

6.2.2 Size and number of test specimens...................................................................................................11

6.2.3 Preparation of filmed glass samples .................................................................................................11

6.2.4 Cleaning of filmed glass samples......................................................................................................11

6.2.5 Conditioning of test specimens .........................................................................................................11

6.2.6 Test Procedure – Test without condensation...................................................................................11

6.2.7 Visual Inspection.................................................................................................................................11

6.2.8 Determination of adhesion using peel test .......................................................................................11

6.2.9 Assessment of results ........................................................................................................................12

6.2.10 Acceptance criteria..............................................................................................................................12

6.2.11 Test report............................................................................................................................................13

7 Appearance..........................................................................................................................................13

7.1 General..................................................................................................................................................13

7.2 Detection of defects.............................................................................................................................13

7.2.1 General..................................................................................................................................................13

7.2.2 Artificial sky..........................................................................................................................................13

7.2.3 Daylight illumination...........................................................................................................................14

7.3 Conditions of examination..................................................................................................................14

7.3.1 General..................................................................................................................................................14

7.3.2 Glass substrate defects......................................................................................................................14

7.3.3 Adhesive backed polymeric film defects ..........................................................................................15

7.3.4 Installation defects..............................................................................................................................17

7.4 Acceptance criteria of adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass defects. ....................................17

8 Product information.............................................................................................................................17

8.1 General..................................................................................................................................................17

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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)

Annex A (informative) Guidelines for Installation of Adhesive Backed Polymeric Film .........................18

A.1 Wet lamination.....................................................................................................................................18

A.2 General Points.....................................................................................................................................18

A.3 Installation............................................................................................................................................18

A.3.1 Prepare for the installation.................................................................................................................18

A.3.2 Clean the window ................................................................................................................................19

A.3.3 Fit the film to the glazing ....................................................................................................................19

A.3.4 Squeegee the film – first procedure ..................................................................................................20

A.3.5 Trim the film .........................................................................................................................................21

A.3.6 Finish the squeegee process .............................................................................................................21

A.3.7 Housekeeping......................................................................................................................................21

A.3.8 Thicker safety films .............................................................................................................................21

A.4 Dry installation.....................................................................................................................................22

Annex B Annex B (informative) Film to Glass Compatibility and Thermal Stress....................................23

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................25

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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)
Foreword

This document (prEN 15755-1:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 129 “Glass in

building”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
1 Scope

This European Standard defines the characteristics, properties and classification of adhesive backed

polymeric filmed glass, i.e. glass that has had an adhesive backed polymeric film applied, for use in buildings.

This standard does not apply to adhesive backed polymeric films manufactured from polyvinylchloride (PVC).

2 Normative References

EN 356 Glass in building – Security glazing – Testing and classification of resistance against manual

attack

EN 410 Glass in building – Determination of luminous and solar characteristics of glazing

EN 572-1 Glass in building – Basic soda lime silicate glass products – Part 1: Definitions and general

physical and mechanical properties

EN 572-2 Glass in building – Basic soda lime silicate glass products – Part 2: Float glass

EN 572-3 Glass in building – Basic soda lime silicate glass products – Part 3: Polished wired glass

EN 572-4 Glass in building – Basic soda lime silicate glass products – Part 4: Drawn sheet glass

EN 572-5 Glass in building – Basic soda lime silicate glass products – Part 5: Patterned glass

EN 572-6 Glass in building – Basic soda lime silicate glass products – Part 6: Wired patterned glass

EN 572-7 Glass in building – Basic soda lime silicate glass products – Part 7: Wired or unwired channel

shaped glass

EN 572-8 Glass in building – Basic soda lime silicate glass products – Part 8: Supplied and final cut sizes

EN 673 Glass in building – Determination of thermal transmittance (U value) – Calculation method

EN 1036 Glass in building – Silvered float glass

EN 1063 Glass in building – Security glazing – Testing and classification of resistance against bullet

attack

EN 1096-1 Glass in building – Coated glass – Part 1: Characteristics and properties

EN 1748-1-1 Glass in building – Special basic products – Borosilicate glasses – Part 1-1: Definitions and

general physical and mechanical properties
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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)

EN 1748-2-1 Glass in building – Special basic products – Glass ceramics – Part 2-1: Definitions and

general physical and mechanical properties

EN 1863-1 Glass in building – Heat strengthened soda lime silicate glass – Part 1: Definition and

description

EN 12150-1 Glass in building – Thermally toughened soda lime silicate safety glass - Part 1: Definition and

description

EN 12600 Glass in building – Pendulum test – Impact method test and classification for flat glass

EN 12337-1 Glass in building – Chemically strengthened soda lime silicate glass – Part 1 - Part 1:

Definition and description

EN ISO 12543-2 Glass in building – Laminated glass and laminated safety glass – Part 2: Laminated safety

glass

EN ISO 12543-3 Glass in building – Laminated glass and laminated safety glass – Part 3: Laminated glass

EN 12898 Determination of emissivity

EN 13024-1 Glass in building – Thermally toughened borosilicate safety glass – Part 1: Definition and

description

EN 13541 Glass in building – Security glazing – Testing and classification of resistance against

explosive pressure

EN 14178-1 Glass in building – Basic alkaline earth silicate glass products- Part 1: Float glass

EN 14179-1 Glass in building – Heat soaked thermally toughened soda lime silicate safety glass- Part 1:

Definition and description
EN 50147-1 Anechoic chamber – Shield Attenuation – Measurement

EN 50147-2 Anechoic chamber – Alternative site suitability with respect to site attenuation

prEN mno-1 Glass in building – Thermally toughened alkaline earth silicate safety glass – Part 1: Definition

and description
prEN 15755 - 1 Adhesive backed polymeric film – Definitions and description
prEN 15755 - 2 Adhesive backed polymeric film – Evaluation of conformity
3 Definitions
For the purposes of this standard the following definitions apply:
3.1
adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass

a glass substrate (see 4) to which has been applied an adhesive backed polymeric film as defined in prEN xyz

in order to modify one or more of its properties.
3.2
release liner

a disposable layer designed to protect the adhesive coating prior to installation.

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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)
3.3
dry lamination

installation of adhesive backed polymeric film by removal of the release liner and direct lamination to the

substrate surface without using water-based solutions. Dry lamination is normally done using machinery

incorporating a roller system within a clean room.
3.4
wet lamination

installation of adhesive backed polymeric film by removal of the release liner, wetting the exposed adhesive

with a water-detergent solution, and lamination to the substrate surface.
3.5
general appearance defects
3.5.1
uniformity defect

slight visible variation in colour, in reflection or transmission, within an adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass

pane or from pane to pane
3.5.2
stain

defect in the filmed glass larger than punctual defect, often irregularly shaped, partially of mottled structure

3.5.3
punctual defect

punctual disturbance of the visual transparence looking through the glass and of the visual reflectance looking

at the glass
NOTE Spot, pinhole and scratch are types of punctual defect.
3.5.3.1
spots

defect that commonly looks dark against the surrounding coating, when viewed in transmission

3.5.3.2
pinhole

punctual void in the coating with partial or total absence of coating and it normally contrasts clear relative to

the coating, when viewed in transmission
3.5.3.3
scratches

variety of linear score marks, whose visibility depend on their length, depth, width, position and arrangements

3.5.4
cluster
accumulation of very small defects giving the impression of stain
3.5.5
gels

a visible variation in the adhesive caused by additional polymerisation within the adhesive or by coagulation

seen as a point of distortion.
3.5.6
distortion

disturbing visible variation in optical sharpness of objects viewed through the adhesive backed polymeric

filmed glass.
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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)
3.5.7
distortion lines

disturbing visible variation seen as a line in optical sharpness of objects viewed through the adhesive backed

polymeric filmed glass.
3.5.8
air bubbles

pockets of air trapped between the adhesive backed polymeric film and the glass substrate.

3.5.9
water bubbles

pockets of trapped installation solution between the adhesive backed polymeric film and the glass substrate.

3.5.10
particulate contamination

particulates trapped between the adhesive backed polymeric film and the glass substrate.

3.5.11
haze

light that is scattered upon passing through the adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass that produces a misty

field of vision when objects are viewed through the adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass.

3.5.12
non-uniform colour appearance

visible variation in colour, in reflection or transmission, within an adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass.

Slight variations are not considered a defect.

NOTE Slight colour differences may exist when joining two or more pieces of film on a large pane of glass.

3.5.13
peeling
separation of the adhesive backed polymeric film from the glass.
3.5.14
delamination
separation of the layers in the adhesive backed polymeric film.
3.5.15
iridescence

iridescence is seen as rainbow-like, luminous or gleaming colours that change colour and intensity with

viewing position. Iridescence, a consequence of film construction, is not a defect.

3.5.16
demetallisation

partial or complete loss of one or more of the metal layers within the adhesive backed polymeric film.

3.5.17
surface impressions

a localised or repeating pattern of indentations in the adhesive backed polymeric film visible as a non-

uniformity.
3.5.18
crease

a line in the adhesive backed polymeric film caused by folding the film during manufacture or installation.

3.5.19
edge defects

serrations and cuts caused by incorrect trimming of the adhesive backed polymeric film during installation.

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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)
4 Glass Substrate

The following types of glass products, in accordance with appropriate ENs, can be used as substrates for

adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass:
Basic soda lime silicate glass products EN 572-1 to 8
Special basic products – Borosilicate glasses EN 1748-1-1
Special basic products – Glass ceramics EN 1748-2-1
Special basic products – Alkaline earth silicate glass EN 14178-1
Silvered float glass EN 1036
Thermally toughened soda lime silicate safety glass EN 12150-1
Heat strengthened soda lime silicate glass EN 1863-1
Chemically strengthened soda lime silicate glass EN 12337-1
Heat soaked thermally toughened soda lime silicate safety glass EN 14179-1
Thermally toughened borosilicate safety glass EN 13024-1
Thermally toughened alkaline earth silicate safety glass EN 14321-1
Laminated and laminated safety glass EN ISO 12543-2, -3
Coated glass EN 1096-1

NOTE Coated glass should be regarded as the glass substrate used to manufacture the coated glass product as the

application of adhesive backed polymeric film to the coated surface is not recommended.

5 Product definitions
5.1 General

The performance of adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass is a composite of the properties of the glass

substrate and the characteristics of the adhesive backed polymeric film as defined in prEN xyz. Depending

upon the type of film one or more of the properties of the glass substrate will be modified.

5.2 Solar control

The purpose of applying adhesive backed polymeric solar control film to a glass substrate is the modification

of the spectrophotometric properties of the glass substrate to which it has been applied. The properties shall

be determined in accordance with EN 410.

NOTE Properties of the adhesive backed polymeric film alone can be determined by calculation using programmes for

example WINDAT, WINDOW5, OPTICS5, hence the performance of the filmed glass can be calculated by

combining the properties of the adhesive backed polymeric film with those of the glass substrate.

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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)
5.3 Safety

The purpose of applying adhesive backed polymeric safety film to a glass substrate is the modification of the

breakage characteristics of the glass substrate to which it has been applied. The testing and classification

shall be in accordance with EN 12600.

NOTE 1 The application of adhesive backed polymeric safety film to a glass substrate that has a mode of breakage

(A), i.e. annealed glass, as defined in EN 12600, will be the modification of the mode of breakage to (B), i.e.

laminated glass.

NOTE 2 The application of adhesive backed polymeric safety film to a glass substrate that has a mode of breakage (B),

i.e. laminated glass, as defined in EN 12600, will not change the existing mode of breakage.

NOTE 3 The application of adhesive backed polymeric safety film to a glass substrate that has a mode of breakage (C),

i.e. toughened glass, as defined in EN 12600, will be the modification of the mode of breakage to (B), i.e.

laminated glass.
5.4 Security
5.4.1 General

The purpose of applying adhesive backed polymeric security film to a glass substrate is the modification of the

shatter properties, impact behaviour and resistance to attack of the glass substrate to which it has been

applied.
5.4.2 Resistance to manual attack

The purpose of applying adhesive backed polymeric security film to a glass substrate is to modify the

resistance against manual attack. The testing and classification shall be in accordance with EN 356.

NOTE 1 This modification could be the transformation of a glass substrate with no penetration resistance into one

with penetration resistance.

NOTE 2 This modification could be the transformation of a glass substrate with a level of penetration resistance into

one with a higher performance.
5.4.3 Resistance to explosive pressure

The purpose of applying adhesive backed polymeric security film to a glass substrate is to modify the

resistance to explosive pressure. The testing and classification shall be in accordance with EN 13541.

NOTE 1 This modification could be the transformation of a glass substrate with no resistance to explosive pressure

into one with resistance to explosive pressure.

NOTE 2 This modification could be the transformation of a glass substrate with a level of resistance to explosive

pressure into one with a higher performance.
5.4.4 Resistance to ballistic attack

The purpose of applying adhesive backed polymeric security film to a glass substrate is to modify the

resistance to ballistic attack of the glass substrate. The testing and classification shall be in accordance with

EN 1063.

NOTE 1 This modification could be the transformation of a glass substrate that exhibits splintering, i.e. class S in

accordance with EN 1063, to one that does not exhibit splintering, i.e. class NS in accordance with EN 1063.

NOTE 2 This modification could enable a glass substrate with a level of resistance to ballistic attack to be

transformed into one with a higher performance.
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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)
5.5 RFI/EMI Shielding

The purpose of applying an adhesive backed polymeric RFI/EMI shielding film to a glass substrate is to

attenuate transmittance of electro-magnetic frequencies, i.e. for the purpose of improving the electrical

isolation between the inside/outside of a room from the outer/inner electromagnetic environment. The testing

and classification shall be in accordance with EN 50147-1.
5.6 Anti-graffiti

The purpose of applying an adhesive backed polymeric anti-graffiti film to a glass substrate is to give a level of

protection to a glass substrate’s surface against one or more of the following: scratching, etching, spray-

painting, writing or similar defacing actions. Adhesive backed polymeric anti-graffiti film is a sacrificial product.

5.7 Decorative film

The purpose of applying an adhesive backed polymeric decorative film to a glass substrate is to alter the

appearance of the glass substrate.
5.8 Low Emissivity

The purpose of applying an adhesive backed polymeric low emissivity film to a glass substrate is to reduce the

thermal transmittance (U value) of the glass substrate. The properties shall be determined in accordance with

EN 12898.
5.9 Ultra Violet Reducing Films

The purpose of applying an adhesive backed polymeric Ultra Violet reducing film to a glass substrate is to

reduce the transmittance of Ultra Violet light to no more than 0,1% when determined in accordance with EN

410.
5.10 Privacy

The purpose of applying an adhesive backed polymeric privacy film to a glass substrate is to reduce vision

through the glass substrate
6 Determination of the durability of adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass
6.1 General

The durability of adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass is a combination of the durability of the adhesive

backed polymeric film (as defined in prEN 15755), the glass substrate surface, and the application of the

adhesive backed polymeric film (see Annex A).

NOTE The durability of the adhesive backed polymeric film (see prEN 15755) will have been determined on applicable

glass substrates.
6.2 Humidity Test
6.2.1 Principle

This test is designed to act as a check on the application procedure/workmanship involved in the production of

adhesive backed polymeric filmed glass.

NOTE This test method is not aimed at checking the type of performance (see Clause 5) of the adhesive backed

polymeric filmed glass.
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prEN 15755-1:2008 (E)

The purpose of this test is to determine whether the filmed glass will withstand the effects of humidity in the

atmosphere over an extended period of time without its adhesion becoming substantially altered. The effects

of the humidity to be judged are bubbles, delamination and discolouration.
6.2.2 Size and number of test specimens

The test and reference specimens shall not be smaller than 300 mm x 100 mm. There shall be three test

specimens and three reference specimens. Test and reference specimens shall have fully cured before

testing.

The glass substrate shall be 4 mm float glass in accordance with EN 572-1, EN 572-2.

The reference specimens shall be stored inside a room at a temperature of 23°C + 5 °C and at a Relative

Humidity of 40% + 5% without exposure to sunlight or similar sources of energy.
6.2.3 Preparation of filmed glass samples

The adhesive backed polymeric film shall be installed and allowed to cure according to the manufacturer’s

installation guidelines.
6.2.4 Cleaning of filmed glass samples

The prepared and cured specimens shall be cleaned prior to test using a mild detergent solution.

6.2.5 Conditioning of test specimens

Condition the three test specimens at 23 °C ± 5 °C and 80 % ± 5 % Relative Humidity for 24 hours prior to test.

6.2.6 Test Procedure – Test without condensation
...

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