Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements

This European Standard specifies the general safety requirements for earth-moving machinery, hereinafter also referred to as machines, described in EN ISO 6165:2012, except horizontal directional drill.
NOTE 1   Horizontal directional drills are covered by the EN 16228 series.
This European Standard gives the common safety requirements for earth-moving machinery families (see EN ISO 6165:2012, 3.4) and is intended to be used in conjunction with relevant parts of prEN 474 parts 2 to 13. These machine specific parts (prEN 474-2 to 13) do not repeat the requirements from prEN 474-1:2016, but add or replace the requirements for the family in question.
NOTE 2   The requirements specified in this part of the standard are common to two or more families of earth- moving machinery.
This part gives specific requirements for demolition machinery.
Specific requirements in prEN 474 parts 2 to 13 take precedence over the respective requirements of
prEN 474-1:2017.
For derivative machinery the parts of the standard that cover the specific functions and applications are applicable, e.g. a compact loader also used as a trencher the relevant requirements of prEN 474 parts 1, 3 and 10 are applicable.
The standard also covers general requirements for attachments intended to be used with earth-moving machinery families covered in the scope.
Except for part 12 this European Standard does not deal with the electrical hazards related to the main electrical circuits and drives of machinery when the primary source of energy is electrical.
This European Standard does not deal with towing of trailers.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to earth-moving machinery, when used as intended and under conditions foreseen but also taking into account any reasonably foreseeable misuse thereof (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to reduce risks arising from the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events during the whole foreseeable lifecycle of the machinery.
This European Standard is not applicable to earth-moving machinery, which are manufactured before the date of publication of this European Standard by CEN.
NOTE 3   For travelling on public roads, national traffic regulations apply (e.g. braking, steering, lighting, towing etc.) until harmonised requirements are available.

Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen für Erdbaumaschinen – im Folgenden auch als Maschinen bezeichnet – fest, die in EN ISO 6165:2012 beschrieben sind; ausgenommen hiervon sind Geräte für das gerichtete Horizontalbohrverfahren (HDD, en: horizontal direction drill).
ANMERKUNG 1 Geräte für das gerichtete Horizontalbohrverfahren werden in der Reihe EN 16228 behandelt.
Diese Europäische Norm beschreibt gemeinsame Sicherheitsanforderungen für Erdbaumaschinen (siehe EN ISO 6165:2012, 3.4) und ist dazu vorgesehen, zusammen mit maßgeblichen Teilen von prEN 474, Teil 2 bis Teil 13, angewendet zu werden. Diese maschinenspezifischen Teile (prEN 474-2 bis 13) wiederholen nicht die Anforderungen der prEN 474-1:2017, sondern ergänzen bzw. ersetzen Anforderungen für die jeweilige Maschinenart.
ANMERKUNG 2 Die Anforderungen, die in diesem Teil der Normenreihe beschrieben sind, treffen auf zwei oder mehr Arten von Erdbaumaschinen zu.
Dieser Teil enthält spezifische Anforderungen für Abrissmaschinen.
Die spezifischen Anforderungen von prEN 474, Teil 2 bis Teil 13, haben Vorrang vor den entsprechenden Anforderungen in der prEN 474-1:2017.

Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 1 : Prescriptions générales

Le présent document spécifie les prescriptions générales de sécurité des engins de terrassement, par la suite appelés « engins » et décrits dans l'EN ISO 6165:2012, à l'exception des appareils de forage dirigés.
NOTE 1   Les appareils de forage dirigés sont couverts par l'EN 16228 1 et l'EN 16228 3.
Le présent document spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité communes aux familles d'engins de terrassement (voir l'EN ISO 6165:2012, 3.4) et doit être utilisé conjointement avec les parties pertinentes de EN 474-2 à EN 474-13. Ces parties (EN 474 2 à EN 474−13) qui sont spécifiques aux différentes machines ne répètent pas les prescriptions du EN 474 1:2022, mais complètent ou modifient les prescriptions applicables à la famille concernée.
NOTE 2   Les prescriptions spécifiées dans la présente partie de la norme sont communes à au moins deux familles d'engins de terrassement.
Le présent document ne spécifie aucune prescription relative aux circuits électriques principaux et aux commandes des engins lorsque la principale source d'énergie est une alimentation électrique externe.
Le présent document ne spécifie aucune prescription de performance relative aux fonctions de sécurité du (des) système(s) de commande.
Le présent document ne traite pas de la traction des remorques.
Le présent document ne traite pas des engins de démolition.
Le présent document traite des phénomènes dangereux significatifs, situations dangereuses et événements dangereux se rapportant aux engins de terrassement, lorsqu'ils sont utilisés normalement et dans les conditions prévues, mais en tenant également compte des mauvais usages raisonnablement prévisibles (voir Annexe A).
Les phénomènes dangereux significatifs et pertinents suivants ne sont pas couverts par le présent document :
—   laser ;
—   foudre.
Le présent document spécifie les mesures techniques appropriées visant à réduire les risques dus aux phénomènes dangereux significatifs, aux situations dangereuses et aux événements dangereux survenant pendant toute la durée de vie prévisible de l'engin, tel que décrit dans l'EN ISO 12100:2010, 5.4.
Le présent document n'est pas applicable aux engins de terrassement fabriqués avant la date de publication du présent document par le CEN.
NOTE 3   Pour la circulation sur les voies publiques, les codes de la route nationaux s'appliquent (freinage, conduite, éclairage, attelage, par exemple) tant que des prescriptions harmonisées ne sont pas disponibles.

Stroji za zemeljska dela - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Ta evropski standard določa splošne varnostne zahteve za stroje za zemeljska dela (v nadaljevanju: »stroji«), opisane v standardu EN ISO 6165:2012, razen opreme za vodoravno usmerjeno vrtanje.
OPOMBA 1:   Oprema za vodoravno usmerjeno vrtanje je obravnavana v skupini standardov EN 16228.
Ta evropski standard določa skupne varnostne zahteve za družine strojev za zemeljska dela (glej standard EN ISO 6165:2012, točka 3.4) in je predviden za uporabo skupaj z ustreznimi deli od 2 do 13 standarda EN 474. Deli od 2 do 13 standarda EN 474, specifični za posamezne stroje, ne navajajo ponovno zahtev iz standarda prEN 474-1:2016, temveč dodajajo ali nadomeščajo zahteve za zadevno družino strojev.
OPOMBA 2:   Zahteve, določene v tem delu standarda, so skupne dvema ali več družinam strojev za zemeljska dela.
Ta del vsebuje posebne zahteve za rušilne stroje.
Posebne zahteve v delih od 2 do 13 standarda prEN 474 imajo prednost pred ustreznimi zahtevami iz standarda
prEN 474-1:2017.
Za izvedene stroje se uporabljajo deli standarda, ki obravnavajo posamezne funkcije in načine uporabe (za mini nakladalnik, ki se uporablja tudi kot rovokopač, se na primer uporabljajo ustrezne zahteve iz 1., 3. in 10. dela standarda EN 474).
Ta standard vključuje tudi splošne zahteve za priključke za uporabo s stroji za zemeljska dela, ki spadajo na področje uporabe tega standarda.
Ta evropski standard (razen 12. dela) ne obravnava električnih nevarnosti, povezanih z glavnimi električnimi vezji in pogoni strojev, kadar je glavni vir energije električni.
Ta evropski standard ne obravnava vleke prikolic.
Ta evropski standard obravnava vsa večja tveganja, nevarne situacije in nevarne dogodke v zvezi s stroji za zemeljska dela, kadar se uporabljajo v skladu s predvidenim namenom ter pod pričakovanimi pogoji, pri čemer se upošteva tudi morebitna razumno predvidena nepravilna uporaba teh strojev (glej točko 4). Ta evropski standard določa ustrezne tehnične ukrepe za zmanjšanje večjih tveganj, nevarnih situacij in nevarnih dogodkov v celotni pričakovani življenjski dobi strojev.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za stroje za zemeljska dela, izdelane pred datumom izdaje tega evropskega standarda s strani Evropskega odbora za standardizacijo (CEN).
OPOMBA 3:   Za prevažanje po javnih cestah veljajo nacionalni prometni predpisi (npr. glede zaviranja, krmiljenja, razsvetljave, vleke itd.), dokler ne bodo na voljo usklajene zahteve.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
21-Jun-2017
Publication Date
11-Apr-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-Apr-2022
Due Date
11-Jun-2022
Completion Date
12-Apr-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 474-1:2022
01-maj-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
Stroji za zemeljska dela - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteve
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements
Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen
Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 1 : Prescriptions générales
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 474-1:2022
ICS:
53.100 Stroji za zemeljska dela Earth-moving machinery
SIST EN 474-1:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 474-1:2022
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SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2022
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.100 Supersedes EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019
English Version
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 1: General
requirements

Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 1 : Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Allgemeine

Prescriptions générales Anforderungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 February 2022.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 474-1:2022 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 11

4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ............................................ 14

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2 Access ............................................................................................................................................................... 14

4.3 Operator's station ........................................................................................................................................ 15

4.4 Seat .................................................................................................................................................................... 18

4.5 Operator's controls and indicators ........................................................................................................ 18

4.6 Steering system ............................................................................................................................................. 20

4.7 Brake systems for travelling .................................................................................................................... 20

4.8 Visibility........................................................................................................................................................... 21

4.9 Forward horns and machine safety labels .......................................................................................... 21

4.10 Tyres and rims .............................................................................................................................................. 21

4.11 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

4.12 Lifting operation ........................................................................................................................................... 22

4.13 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 24

4.14 Protective measures and devices ........................................................................................................... 25

4.15 Recovery, towing away for recovery purposes (TARP), tying-down, lifting and

transporting ................................................................................................................................................... 26

4.16 Electro-magnetic compatibility (EMC) ................................................................................................. 27

4.17 Electrical and electronic systems ........................................................................................................... 27

4.18 Hydraulic fluid systems ............................................................................................................................. 29

4.19 Fuel tanks, DEF/urea tanks, hydraulic tanks and pressure vessels .......................................... 30

4.20 Fire protection .............................................................................................................................................. 30

4.21 Quick coupler ................................................................................................................................................. 30

4.22 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 31

4.23 Underground operation in non-explosive atmosphere ................................................................. 32

4.24 Speed limit for non-riding machines..................................................................................................... 32

5 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ....... 32

6 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 36

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36

6.2 Machine safety labels .................................................................................................................................. 36

6.3 Operator’s manual ....................................................................................................................................... 37

6.4 Machine marking .......................................................................................................................................... 39

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ......................................................................................... 40

Annex B (normative) Requirements for movable operator's station with the operator at the

operator’s station ......................................................................................................................................... 46

B.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 46

B.2 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 46

B.3 Control of movement .................................................................................................................................. 47

B.4 Emergency descent ...................................................................................................................................... 47

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SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)

B.5 Crushing hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 47

B.6 Falling down protection for the operator ............................................................................................ 47

B.7 ROPS .................................................................................................................................................................. 47

B.8 Operator’s manual ........................................................................................................................................ 47

B.9 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 48

B.10 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ....... 48

Annex C (normative) Requirements for lifting devices used for lifting operations .......................... 50

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

C.2 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 50

C.3 Safety requirements .................................................................................................................................... 50

C.4 Additional requirements for attachable hooks used as lifting device(s) ................................. 52

C.5 Additional information to the operator’s manual ............................................................................ 54

C.6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ....... 54

Annex D (normative) Requirements for earth-moving machinery used in underground

working in non-explosive atmosphere ................................................................................................. 56

D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 56

D.2 Operator's station ......................................................................................................................................... 56

D.3 Engine exhaust emission and fuel .......................................................................................................... 56

D.4 Lighting, signalling and marking lights and reflex-reflector devices ........................................ 57

D.5 Fire protection ............................................................................................................................................... 57

D.6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ....... 57

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending Directive

95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed to be covered ..................................................................... 59

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 65

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SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 474-1:2022) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151 “Construction

equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2022, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2024.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
EN 474 “Earth-moving machinery — Safety” comprises the following parts:
— Part 1: General requirements
— Part 2: Requirements for tractor-dozers
— Part 3: Requirements for loaders
— Part 4: Requirements for backhoe-loaders
— Part 5: Requirements for hydraulic excavators
— Part 6: Requirements for dumpers
— Part 7: Requirements for scrapers
— Part 8: Requirements for graders
— Part 9: Requirements for pipelayers
— Part 10: Requirements for trenchers
— Part 11: Requirements for earth and landfill compactors
— Part 12: Requirements for cable excavators
— Part 13: Requirements for rollers

To confer a presumption of conformity with the relevant essential requirements of Directive

2006/42/EC, this standard (providing general/common requirements for a whole machine family) has

to be applied together with one of those standards as specified in the scope (providing specific

requirements for a particular category of machinery within this family), once this standard is cited in the

Official Journal of the European Communities under Directive 2006/42/EC.
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SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)

The main differences between this document and EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 are as follows:

a) safety-related functions of control systems (excluded);
b) requirements for demolition machinery (deleted);

c) requirements for attachments, multi-purpose and derivative machinery (deleted);

d) normative references (updated);
e) cab requirements for non-compact machines (added);
f) lifting requirements and fitness for purpose (added);
g) recovery, TARP, tying down lifting and transporting requirements (modified);
h) electrical and electronic systems requirements (modified);
i) quick couplers requirements (modified);
j) verification methods table (Clause 5) (added);
k) requirements for no-text safety signs (deleted);
l) requirements for moveable operator’s station (modified);
m) requirements for rollers, addressed in a new part 13 (added);
n) list of significant hazards (Annex A) (modified);
o) Annex ZA (modified).

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the general safety requirements for earth-moving machinery, hereinafter also

referred to as machines, described in EN ISO 6165:2012, except horizontal directional drills.

NOTE 1 Horizontal directional drills are covered by EN 16228-1 and EN 16228-3.

This document gives the common safety requirements for earth-moving machinery families (see

EN ISO 6165:2012, 3.4) and is intended to be used in conjunction with relevant parts of EN 474-2 to

EN 474-13. These machine specific parts (EN 474-2 to EN 474−13) do not repeat the requirements from

EN 474-1:2022 but supplement or modify the requirements for the family in question.

NOTE 2 The requirements specified in this part of the standard are common to two or more families of earth-

moving machinery.

This document does not provide requirements for main electrical circuits and drives of machinery when

the primary source of energy is an external electrical supply.

This document does not provide performance requirements for safety related functions of control

system(s).
This document does not deal with towing of trailers.
This document does not deal with demolition machinery.

This document deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to earth-moving

machinery, when used as intended and under conditions foreseen but also taking into account any

reasonably foreseeable misuse thereof (see Annex A).
The following significant and relevant hazards are not covered in this document:
— Laser;
— Lightning.

This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to reduce risks arising from the significant

hazards, hazardous situations and events during the whole foreseeable lifecycle of the machinery as

described in EN ISO 12100:2010, 5.4.

This document is not applicable to earth-moving machinery which are manufactured before the date of

publication of this document by CEN.

NOTE 3 For travelling on public roads, national traffic regulations apply (e.g. braking, steering, lighting, towing,

etc.) until harmonized requirements are available.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 286-2:1992, Simple unfired pressure vessels designed to contain air or nitrogen — Part 2: Pressure

vessels for air braking and auxiliary systems for motor vehicles and their trailers

EN 1677-2:2000+A1:2008, Components for slings — Safety — Part 2: Forged steel lifting hooks with

latch, Grade 8

EN 1679-1:1998+A1:2011, Reciprocating internal combustion engines — Safety — Part 1: Compression

ignition engines

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) (IEC 60529:1989)

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SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)
EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code)
(IEC 60529:1989/A1:1999)
EN 60529:1991/A2:2013, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code)
(IEC 60529:1989/A2:2013)

EN ISO 2860:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Minimum access dimensions (ISO 2860:1992)

EN ISO 2867:2011, Earth-moving machinery — Access systems (ISO 2867:2011)

EN ISO 3164:2013, Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluations of protective structures —

Specifications for deflection-limiting volume (ISO 3164:2013)

EN ISO 3411:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Physical dimensions of operators and minimum operator

space envelope (ISO 3411:2007)

EN ISO 3449:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object protective structures — Laboratory tests

and performance requirements (ISO 3449:2005)

EN ISO 3450:2011, Earth-moving machinery — Wheeled or high-speed rubber-tracked machines —

Performance requirements and test procedures for brake systems (ISO 3450:2011)

EN ISO 3457:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Guards — Definitions and requirements (ISO 3457:2003)

EN ISO 3471:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Roll-over protective structures — Laboratory tests and

performance requirements (ISO 3471:2008)

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and

equipment (ISO 4871:1996)

EN ISO 5010:2019, Earth-moving machinery — Wheeled machines — Steering requirements

(ISO 5010:2019)

EN ISO 5353:1998, Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry —

Seat index point (ISO 5353:1995)

EN ISO 6165:2012, Earth-moving machinery — Basic types — Identification and terms and definitions

(ISO 6165:2012)

EN ISO 6682:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Zones of comfort and reach for controls (ISO 6682:1986,

including Amd 1:1989)

EN ISO 6683:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Seat belts and seat belt anchorages — Performance

requirements and tests (ISO 6683:2005)

EN ISO 7010:2020, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Registered safety signs

(ISO 7010:2019)

EN ISO 7096:2020, Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluation of operator seat vibration

(ISO 7096:2020)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13766-1:2018, Earth-moving and building construction machinery — Electromagnetic

compatibility (EMC) of machines with internal electrical power supply — Part 1: General EMC

requirements under typical electromagnetic environmental conditions (ISO 13766-1:2018)

EN ISO 13766-2:2018, Earth-moving and building construction machinery — Electromagnetic

compatibility (EMC) of machines with internal electrical power supply — Part 2: Additional EMC

requirements for functional safety (ISO 13766-2:2018)
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)

EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)

EN ISO 18752:2016, Rubber hoses and hose assemblies — Wire- or textile-reinforced single-pressure types

for hydraulic applications — Specification (ISO 18752:2014)

ISO 3795:1989, Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination

of burning behaviour of interior materials

ISO 3864-1:2011, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 1: Design principles for

safety signs and safety markings

ISO 3864-2:2016, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 2: Design principles for

product safety labels

ISO 3864-3:2012, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 3: Design principles for

graphical symbols for use in safety signs

ISO 3864-4:2011, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 4: Colorimetric and

photometric properties of safety sign materials

ISO 5006:2017, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s field of view — Test method and performance

criteria
ISO 6011:2003, Earth-moving machinery — Visual display of machine operation
ISO 6014:1986, Earth-moving machinery — Determination of ground speed

ISO 6016:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Methods of measuring the masses of whole machines, their

equipment and components

ISO 6395:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Determination of sound power level — Dynamic test

conditions

ISO 6396:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Determination of emission sound pressure level at operator’s

position — Dynamic test conditions

ISO 6396:2008/Cor. 1:2009, Earth-moving machinery — Determination of emission sound pressure level

at operator’s position — Dynamic test conditions; Technical Corrigendum 1

ISO 6405-1:2017 , Earth-moving machinery — Symbols for operator controls and other displays — Part

1: Common symbols

ISO 6405-2:2017 , Earth-moving machinery — Symbols for operator controls and other displays — Part

2: Symbols for specific machines, equipment and accessories
ISO 6750-1:2019, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s manual — Content and format

ISO 8643:2017, Earth-moving machinery — Hydraulic excavator and backhoe loader lowering control

device — Requirements and tests

ISO 9244:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Machine safety labels — General principles

ISO 9244:2008/AMD 1:2016, Earth-moving machinery — Machine safety labels — General principles;

Amendment 1
As impacted by ISO 6405-1:2017/AMD1:2022.
As impacted by ISO 6405-2:2017/AMD1:2022.
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SIST EN 474-1:2022
EN 474-1:2022 (E)

ISO 9247:1990, Earth-moving machinery — Electrical wires and cables — Principles of identification and

marking

ISO 9247:1990/AMD 1:1998, Earth-moving machinery — Electrical wires and cables — Principles of

identification and marking — Amendment 1

ISO 9533:2010, Earth-moving machinery — Machine-mounted audible travel alarms and forward horns

— Test methods and performance criteria
ISO 10261:2021, Earth-moving machinery — Product identification numbering system

ISO 10263-2:2009, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 2: Air filter

element test method

ISO 10263-3:2009, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 3: Pressurization

test method

ISO 10263-4:2009, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 4: Heating,

ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) test method and performance

ISO 10263-5:2009, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 5: Windscreen

defrosting system test method
ISO 10264:1990, Earth-moving machinery — Key-locked starting systems

ISO 10265:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Crawler machines — Performance requirements and test

procedures for braking systems

ISO 10532:1995, Earth-moving machinery — Machine-mounted retrieval device — Performance

requirements

ISO 10532:1995/AMD 1:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Machine-mounted retrieval device —

Performance requirements; Amendment 1
ISO 10533:1993, Earth-moving machinery — Lift-arm support devices

ISO 10533:1993/AMD 1:2005, Earth-moving machinery — Lift-arm support devices; Amendment 1

ISO 10570:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Articulated frame lock — Performance requirements

ISO 10968:2020, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s controls

ISO 11112:1995, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s seat — Dimensions and requirements

ISO 11112:1995/AMD 1:2001, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s seat — Dimensions and

requirements, Amendment 1

ISO 11862:1993, Earth-moving machinery — Auxiliary starting aid electrical connector

ISO 12508:1994, Earth-moving machinery — Operator station and maintenance areas — Bluntness of

edges

ISO 12509:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Lighting, signalling and marking lights, and reflex-reflector

devices
ISO 13031:2016, Earth-moving machinery — Quick couplers — Safety

ISO 13333:1994, Earth-moving machinery — Dumper body support and operator’s cab tilt support

devices
ISO 13459:2012, Earth-moving
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 474-1:2017
01-junij-2017
Stroji za zemeljska dela - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteve
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements
Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 1 : Prescriptions générales
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 474-1
ICS:
53.100 Stroji za zemeljska dela Earth-moving machinery
oSIST prEN 474-1:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 474-1:2017
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oSIST prEN 474-1:2017
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 474-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2017
ICS Will supersede EN 474-1:2006+A4:2013
English Version
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 1: General
requirements
Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 1 :
Prescriptions générales

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 151.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 474-1:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 474-1:2017
prEN 474-1:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................. 10

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 15

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 18

5 Safety requirements .................................................................................................................................... 18

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.2 Access ............................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.2.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 18

5.2.2 Access to articulated machines ............................................................................................................... 18

5.3 Operator's station ........................................................................................................................................ 19

5.3.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 19

5.3.2 Operator's station equipped with a cab ............................................................................................... 20

5.3.3 Roll-over protective structures (ROPS) ............................................................................................... 22

5.3.4 Falling-object protective structures (FOPS) ....................................................................................... 22

5.3.5 Movable operator's station ....................................................................................................................... 22

5.3.6 Replacement of operator protective structure ................................................................................. 22

5.4 Seat .................................................................................................................................................................... 22

5.4.1 Operator's seat .............................................................................................................................................. 22

5.4.2 Additional seat .............................................................................................................................................. 23

5.5 Operator's controls and indicators ........................................................................................................ 23

5.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

5.5.2 Starting/stopping system .......................................................................................................................... 24

5.5.3 Inadvertent activation ................................................................................................................................ 24

5.5.4 Pedals ............................................................................................................................................................... 24

5.5.5 Emergency attachment lowering............................................................................................................ 24

5.5.6 Uncontrolled motion ................................................................................................................................... 24

5.5.7 Remote control .............................................................................................................................................. 24

5.5.8 Control panels, indicators and symbols ............................................................................................... 25

5.5.9 Controls of ride-on machinery accessible from ground level ...................................................... 25

5.5.10 Controls of non-riding machinery with handle bar ......................................................................... 25

5.5.11 Hold-to-run control ..................................................................................................................................... 25

5.5.12 Selection of control or operating modes ............................................................................................. 25

5.6 Steering system ............................................................................................................................................. 25

5.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

5.6.2 Wheeled machines ....................................................................................................................................... 25

5.6.3 Crawler machines ........................................................................................................................................ 25

5.7 Brake systems ............................................................................................................................................... 26

5.7.1 Brake systems for ride-on machines shall comply with the following requirements ........ 26

5.7.2 Brake systems for non-riding machines shall comply with the following

requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.8 Visibility........................................................................................................................................................... 26

5.8.1 Operator's field of view .............................................................................................................................. 26

5.8.2 Lighting, signalling and marking lights, and reflex-reflector devices ....................................... 26

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prEN 474-1:2017 (E)

5.9 Forward horns and safety signs .............................................................................................................. 26

5.10 Tyres and rims ............................................................................................................................................... 27

5.11 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 27

5.12 Lifting operation ........................................................................................................................................... 27

5.12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27

5.12.2 Lifting device for lifting .............................................................................................................................. 28

5.12.3 Lowering control device ............................................................................................................................. 28

5.12.4 Overload warning device ........................................................................................................................... 28

5.12.5 Load capacity indicator .............................................................................................................................. 28

5.12.6 Rated capacity limiting device ................................................................................................................. 28

5.12.7 Rated lift capacity chart.............................................................................................................................. 29

5.13 Noise .................................................................................................................................................................. 29

5.13.1 Noise reduction ............................................................................................................................................. 29

5.13.2 Noise emission measurement .................................................................................................................. 29

5.14 Protective measures and devices ........................................................................................................... 29

5.14.1 Contaminated area ....................................................................................................................................... 29

5.14.2 Hot parts .......................................................................................................................................................... 30

5.14.3 Moving parts ................................................................................................................................................... 30

5.14.4 Sharp edges and acute angles ................................................................................................................... 31

5.14.5 Fenders ............................................................................................................................................................. 31

5.15 Recovery, towing away for recovery purposes (TARP), tying-down, lifting and

transporting .................................................................................................................................................... 31

5.15.1 Combined use ................................................................................................................................................. 31

5.15.2 Recovery .......................................................................................................................................................... 31

5.15.3 Tying-down ..................................................................................................................................................... 31

5.15.4 Lifting ................................................................................................................................................................ 31

5.15.5 Towing away for recovery purposes (TARP) ...................................................................................... 31

5.15.6 Transportation .............................................................................................................................................. 32

5.16 Electro-magnetic compatibility (EMC) .................................................................................................. 32

5.17 Electrical and electronic systems ........................................................................................................... 32

5.17.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32

5.17.2 General requirements of extra-low-voltage and low-voltage systems ..................................... 32

5.17.3 Requirements of extra-low-voltage systems ...................................................................................... 34

5.17.4 Electrical connector for auxiliary starting aids ................................................................................. 35

5.17.5 Electric socket for lighting ......................................................................................................................... 35

5.18 Hydraulic fluid systems .............................................................................................................................. 35

5.18.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

5.18.2 Hydraulic hoses ............................................................................................................................................. 35

5.19 Fuel tanks, hydraulic tanks and pressure vessels ............................................................................ 35

5.19.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

5.19.2 Filler openings ............................................................................................................................................... 35

5.19.3 Fuel tanks ........................................................................................................................................................ 36

5.19.4 Air pressure vessels ..................................................................................................................................... 36

5.20 Fire protection ............................................................................................................................................... 36

5.20.1 Fire resistance ............................................................................................................................................... 36

5.20.2 Fire extinguisher ........................................................................................................................................... 36

5.21 Attachments .................................................................................................................................................... 36

5.21.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36

5.21.2 Identification .................................................................................................................................................. 36

5.21.3 Instructions ..................................................................................................................................................... 37

5.22 Quick coupler ................................................................................................................................................. 37

5.23 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 37

5.23.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 37

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oSIST prEN 474-1:2017
prEN 474-1:2017 (E)

5.23.2 Frequent maintenance ............................................................................................................................... 37

5.23.3 Support devices............................................................................................................................................. 37

5.23.4 Access to the engine compartment ........................................................................................................ 37

5.23.5 Tiltable cab support device ...................................................................................................................... 37

5.24 Underground operation in non-explosive atmosphere ................................................................. 38

5.25 Demolition machinery ................................................................................................................................ 38

5.26 Speed limit for non-riding machines..................................................................................................... 38

6 Verification ..................................................................................................................................................... 38

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 43

7.1 Warning signs ................................................................................................................................................ 43

7.2 Operator’s manual ....................................................................................................................................... 43

7.2.1 Information concerning airborne noise emission ........................................................................... 43

7.2.2 Information concerning hand-arm and whole-body vibration emission ................................ 44

7.2.3 Instructions and information for use and maintenance of the machine ................................. 44

7.3 Machine marking .......................................................................................................................................... 47

Annex A (normative) List of significant hazards .............................................................................................. 48

Annex B (normative) Requirements for movable operator's station ...................................................... 53

B.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 53

B.2 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

B.3 Control of movement .................................................................................................................................. 53

B.4 Emergency descent ...................................................................................................................................... 54

B.4.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 54

B.4.2 Speed................................................................................................................................................................. 54

B.5 Crushing hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 54

B.6 Falling down protection for the operator ........................................................................................... 54

B.7 Operator protective structures ............................................................................................................... 54

B.7.1 ROPS .................................................................................................................................................................. 54

B.7.2 FOPS/OPG........................................................................................................................................................ 54

B.8 Operator’s manual ....................................................................................................................................... 55

B.9 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 55

Annex C (normative) Requirements for lifting devices used for lifting operations ............................ 56

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 56

C.2 Terms, definitions and abbreviations .................................................................................................. 56

C.3 Safety requirements .................................................................................................................................... 56

C.3.1 Mounting and fixing .................................................................................................................................... 56

C.3.2 Design and strength of lifting device(s) ............................................................................................... 57

C.3.2.1 Lifting device(s) provided by the machine manufacturer ............................................................ 57

C.3.2.2 Lifting device(s) provided by non-machine (or independent) manufacturer ....................... 57

C.4 Performance test .......................................................................................................................................... 58

C.4.1 Mechanical performance ........................................................................................................................... 58

C.4.2 Field test under operating conditions .................................................................................................. 58

C.5 Additional requirements for attachable hooks used as lifting device(s) ................................ 59

C.5.1 Safety latch...................................................................................................................................................... 59

C.5.2 Design and strength .................................................................................................................................... 59

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oSIST prEN 474-1:2017
prEN 474-1:2017 (E)

C.5.2.1 Attachable hooks .......................................................................................................................................... 59

C.5.2.2 Bolted hooks ................................................................................................................................................... 59

C.5.3 Mounting and fixing of attachable hooks ............................................................................................. 60

C.5.4 Mechanical performance test ................................................................................................................... 61

C.5.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 61

C.5.4.2 Mechanical performance ........................................................................................................................... 61

C.5.4.3 Field tests ......................................................................................................................................................... 61

C.5.4.4 Verification ..................................................................................................................................................... 61

C.5.5 Identification .................................................................................................................................................. 61

C.6 Operator’s manual ........................................................................................................................................ 61

Annex D (normative) Requirements for earth-moving machinery used in underground

working in non-explosive atmosphere ................................................................................................. 63

D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 63

D.2 Operator's station ......................................................................................................................................... 63

D.2.1 Operator's station with cab ....................................................................................................................... 63

D.2.2 Operator's station with reduced dimension of the cab ................................................................... 63

D.2.2.1 Exception to F.2.1 .......................................................................................................................................... 63

D.2.2.2 Space envelope .............................................................................................................................................. 63

D.2.2.3 Transmitted vibration ................................................................................................................................ 63

D.2.2.4 Seat ..................................................................................................................................................................... 63

D.2.3 Operator's station without cab ................................................................................................................ 63

D.3 Engine exhaust emission and fuel .......................................................................................................... 64

D.3.1 Engine and fuel .............................................................................................................................................. 64

D.3.2 Fuel system ..................................................................................................................................................... 64

D.4 Lighting, signalling and marking lights and reflex-reflector devices ........................................ 64

D.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 64

D.4.2 Light assembly position .............................................................................................................................. 64

D.4.3 Rear position lamp .......................................................................................................................................

...

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