Railway applications - Track - Road-rail machines and associated equipment - Part 3: Technical requirements for running

1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines, as defined in FprEN 15746-1:2019, 3.1, henceforward referred to as machines, when designed and intended for running on European railways within the scope of European Directive 2007/58/EC.
The running mode is an option designed by the manufacturer which permits the use of the machine on a specified railway infrastructure without the need for special operational rules.
NOTE 1   The use of special track safety equipment (i.e. part of automatic train protection systems) does not necessarily mean that the machine has a running mode; some Infrastructure Managers use such equipment as means of protection for machines in travelling and/or working modes.
NOTE 2   This document is written for 1 435 mm nominal track gauge, special requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines.
Urban rail and railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and wheels are not included in this document.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager;
-   travelling and working both on and off rails;
-   running on urban rail.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
1.2   Validity of this document
This document applies to all machines which are within the scope of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 for locomotives and passenger rolling stock.

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Zweiwege-Maschinen und zugehörige Ausrüstungen - Teil 3: Technische Anforderungen an das Fahren

1.1   Allgemeines
Dieses Dokument behandelt die technischen Anforderungen zur Minimierung eisenbahnspezifischer Gefährdungen von selbstangetriebenen Zweiwege Maschinen - im Folgenden als Maschinen bezeichnet - wie in FprEN 15746-1:2019, 3.1 beschrieben, die innerhalb des Anwendungsbereiches der Europäischen Richtlinie 2007/58/EG für den Betrieb im europäischen Schienennetz konstruiert und vorgesehen sind.
Der Fahrmodus ist eine vom Hersteller geschaffene Option, die es erlaubt, die Maschine auf einer bestimmten Eisenbahninfrastruktur ohne spezielle Betriebsregeln einzusetzen.
ANMERKUNG 1   Der Einsatz von speziellen Sicherheitseinrichtungen für die Strecken (d. h. Teil von automatischen Zugsicherungssystemen) lässt nicht zwangsläufig darauf schließen, dass die Maschine über einen Fahrmodus verfügt, da einige Infrastrukturbetreiber solche Einrichtungen als Schutzmaßnahme für ihre Maschinen im Versetzfahr- und/oder Arbeitsmodus verwenden.
ANMERKUNG 2   Dieses Dokument wurde für 1 435 mm Nennspurweite geschrieben, spezielle Anforderungen können für das Fahren auf Infrastrukturen mit Schmalspur- oder Breitspurstrecken gelten.
Schienennahverkehrs- und Eisenbahnsysteme, die etwas anderes als die Haftung (Adhäsion) zwischen Schiene und Rädern nutzen, werden in diesem Dokument nicht behandelt.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Folgendes:
-   spezielle Anforderungen für die Nutzung der Maschinen, festgelegt von dem Maschinenbetreiber, die der Absprache zwischen Hersteller und Infrastrukturbetreiber unterliegen;
-   Versetzbewegung und Arbeiten gleichzeitig im eingegleisten und ausgegleisten Zustand;
-   Fahren in Schienennahverkehrssystemen.
Für die Umrüstung in eine Zweiwege Maschine wird davon ausgegangen, dass ein EU Straßen-zugelassenes Basisfahrzeug ein akzeptiertes Sicherheitsniveau für seine vorgesehenen Grundfunktionen bietet. Sofern es nicht in einem bestimmten Abschnitt anders festgelegt ist, wird dieser spezielle Aspekt in dieser Europäischen Norm nicht behandelt.
1.2   Gültigkeit dieses Dokuments
Dieses Dokument bezieht sich auf alle Maschinen, die im Anwendungsbereich der europäischen Verordnung (EU) Nr. 1302/2014 für Lokomotiven und Personenwagen erfasst werden.

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines rail-route et équipements associés - Partie 3 : Exigences techniques pour la circulation

1.1   Généralités
Le présent document traite des prescriptions techniques visant à réduire le plus possible les dangers ferroviaires spécifiques aux machines rail-route automotrices, définies dans le FprEN 15746-1:2018, 3.1 (désignées ci-après les « machines »), lorsqu'elles sont conçues et destinées à circuler sur les réseaux ferroviaires européens relevant du domaine d'application de la Directive 2007/58/CE.
Le mode circulation est une option prévue par le fabricant pour permettre l'utilisation de la machine sur une infrastructure ferroviaire spécifiée sans avoir à répondre à des règles d'exploitation spéciales.
NOTE 1   L'utilisation d'équipements de sécurité spéciaux (c'est-à-dire faisant partie des systèmes de protection automatique des trains) ne signifie pas nécessairement que la machine à un mode circulation. Certains gestionnaires d'infrastructure utilisent de tels équipements comme des moyens de protection pour les machines en modes déplacement et/ou travail.
NOTE 2   Le présent document est établi pour un écartement de voie nominal de 1 435 mm ; des prescriptions supplémentaires peuvent s'appliquer pour le déplacement sur les infrastructures ferroviaires à voies larges ou étroites.
Le présent document ne couvre pas les réseaux ferroviaires et les réseaux ferroviaires urbains n'utilisant pas l'adhérence rail/roue.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas :
-   aux exigences spécifiques établies par l'opérateur de la machine en ce qui concerne l'emploi des machines et qui font l'objet de négociations entre le fabricant et le gestionnaire d'infrastructure ;
-   au déplacement et au travail en voie et hors voie ;
-   à la circulation sur un réseau ferroviaire urbain.
Pour une machine rail-route, il est supposé qu'un véhicule-hôte autorisé à circuler sur le réseau routier au sein de l'Union européenne offrira un niveau de sécurité acceptable pour ses fonctions de base avant conversion. Sauf spécification contraire explicite dans un article particulier, cet aspect spécifique n'est pas traité dans la présente Norme européenne.
1.2   Validité du présent document
Le présent document s'applique à toutes les machines qui relèvent du domaine d'application du Règlement (UE) n° 1302/2014 de la Commission relatif aux locomotives et au matériel roulant destiné au transport de passagers.

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj proge - Dvopotna železniška vozila in oprema - 3. del: Tehnične zahteve za obratovanje

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Mar-2019
Publication Date
10-Jan-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
04-Jan-2021
Due Date
11-Mar-2021
Completion Date
11-Jan-2021

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
English language
36 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day
Draft
kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019
English language
38 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
01-marec-2021

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj proge - Dvopotna železniška vozila in oprema -

3. del: Tehnične zahteve za obratovanje

Railway applications - Track - Road-rail machines and associated equipment - Part 3:

Technical requirements for running
Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Zweiwege-Maschinen und zugehörige Ausrüstungen -
Teil 3: Technische Anforderungen an das Fahren

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines rail-route et équipements associés - Partie 3 :

Exigences techniques pour la circulation
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15746-3:2020
ICS:
45.060.01 Železniška vozila na splošno Railway rolling stock in
general
SIST EN 15746-3:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 93.100
English Version
Railway applications - Track - Road-rail machines and
associated equipment - Part 3: Technical requirements for
running

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines rail-route et Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Zweiwege-Maschinen

équipements associés - Partie 3 : Prescriptions pou la und zugehörige Ausrüstungen - Teil 3: Technische

circulation Anforderungen an das Fahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 May 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15746-3:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6

1.2 Validity of this document ............................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Machine categorization ................................................................................................................................. 8

4.1 Categories .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Type qualification for being in a train ..................................................................................................... 8

4.2.1 Category 8 machine in running mode ...................................................................................................... 8

4.2.2 Category 9 machine in running mode ...................................................................................................... 8

5 Railway specific safety requirements and/or measures .................................................................. 8

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2 Rolling stock gauge ......................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2.1 Running gauge .................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.2.2 Machine in running mode ............................................................................................................................ 9

5.2.3 Limits in lower area in running mode ..................................................................................................... 9

5.3 Running safety equipment ........................................................................................................................... 9

.................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.1 Indication equipment

5.3.2 Data recorder ................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.4 Safety against derailment ............................................................................................................................ 9

5.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.4.2 Safety against derailment for machines .............................................................................................. 10

5.4.3 Dynamic tests on track for first type approved machines ............................................................ 10

5.4.4 Railhead clearing devices .......................................................................................................................... 10

5.5 Stability and prevention of overturning .............................................................................................. 11

5.6 Machine frame and structure .................................................................................................................. 11

5.6.1 Design of the machine frame.................................................................................................................... 11

5.6.2 Lifting and jacking points .......................................................................................................................... 11

5.7 Inter-machine couplings............................................................................................................................ 12

5.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.7.2 Category 8 machines buffing and drawgear ....................................................................................... 12

5.8 Running gear .................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.8.2 Distribution of the wheelset forces in running mode ..................................................................... 12

5.8.3 Rail wheel, wheel profile ........................................................................................................................... 12

5.8.4 Rail wheel arrangements .......................................................................................................................... 12

5.8.5 Load on rail wheels ...................................................................................................................................... 12

5.8.6 Operation of spring loaded points ......................................................................................................... 13

5.8.7 Ratio of wheel load on guiding wheels to road axle load ............................................................... 13

5.9 Rail wheel suspension ................................................................................................................................ 14

5.10 Braking ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.11 Driving and working cabs and places ................................................................................................... 15

5.12 Visibility and audibility of the machine ............................................................................................... 15

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3:2020 (E)

5.12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.12.2 Marker lights in running mode ................................................................................................................ 15

5.12.3 Head lights....................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.12.4 Warning horns ............................................................................................................................................... 16

5.13 Operation of track equipment ................................................................................................................. 16

5.13.1 Operation of track circuits ........................................................................................................................ 16

5.13.2 Operation of axle-counters and treadles ............................................................................................. 17

5.13.3 Operation of treadles associated with level crossings .................................................................... 17

5.13.4 Operation of hot axlebox and unreleased brake detectors ........................................................... 17

5.13.5 Operation of other signalling equipment ............................................................................................ 17

5.14 Fire protection ............................................................................................................................................... 17

5.14.1 Material requirements ............................................................................................................................... 17

5.14.2 Specific measures for flammable liquids ............................................................................................. 17

5.14.3 Portable fire extinguishers ....................................................................................................................... 17

5.14.4 Fire detection systems ................................................................................................................................ 17

5.14.5 Driver’s cab emergency exit ..................................................................................................................... 17

5.15 Recovery .......................................................................................................................................................... 17

5.16 Space between machines during coupling .......................................................................................... 18

5.17 Doors ................................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.18 Side windows.................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.19 Load conditions ............................................................................................................................................. 18

5.20 Minimum curve radius ............................................................................................................................... 18

5.21 Lifeguards ........................................................................................................................................................ 18

5.22 Environmental ............................................................................................................................................... 18

5.23 Equipotential bonding ................................................................................................................................ 18

5.24 Driver's vigilance .......................................................................................................................................... 18

5.25 Driver's indication ....................................................................................................................................... 18

5.26 Labelling in cab .............................................................................................................................................. 18

5.27 Remote controls ............................................................................................................................................ 18

5.28 Noise .................................................................................................................................................................. 19

6 Marking and numbering of the machines ............................................................................................ 19

7 User information ........................................................................................................................................... 19

8 Verification of the conformity to the requirements and/or particular safety

measures .......................................................................................................................................................... 20

Annex A (normative) Special national conditions ........................................................................................... 21

Annex B (normative) Check list for conformity ................................................................................................ 22

Annex C (informative) Certificates ........................................................................................................................ 26

C.1 Certificate of type approval to EN 15746-3:2020.............................................................................. 26

C.2 Conformance control document for the technical requirements of EN 15746-3:2020....... 27

C.2.1 Machine identification ................................................................................................................................ 27

C.2.2 General characteristics ............................................................................................................................... 27

Annex D (informative) Structure of European Standards for track construction and

maintenance machines ............................................................................................................................... 29

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive (EU) 2016/797 aimed to be covered ......................................... 31

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 35

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 15746-3:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 15746, Railway applications — Track — Road-rail machines and associated equipment, is currently

composed with the following parts:
— Part 1: Technical requirements for travelling and working;
— Part 2: General safety requirements;
— Part 3: Technical requirements for running;

— Part 4: Technical requirements for running, travelling and working on urban rail.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3:2020 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard was prepared to meet the essential requirements of EU Directives to facilitate

an open market for goods and services.

This document is the third of a series of four parts of the European Standard, Railway applications —

Track — Road-rail machines and associated equipment, dealing with railway specific risks of the road-

rail machines when running, travelling and working on railway infrastructures:

— Part 1 covers the technical requirements for the machines in travelling and working modes, and is

applicable for all machines.

— Part 2 covers the safety requirements for the machines in travelling and working modes; this is a

document harmonized with the European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC.

— Part 3 covers the essential requirements for the machines that have a running mode and run on

tracks within the scope of the Railway Directive 2007/58/EC; this is a document harmonized with

the Railway Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC and its associated Technical Specifications for

Interoperability (TSI).

— Part 4 covers the technical requirements for the machines intended to have running, travelling

and/or working mode on urban rail.

Part 1 defines requirements for approval of the machine for use on the railway. Depending on the

decision of the Infrastructure Manager or National rules the assessment of conformance could be by the

Infrastructure Manager concerned, by a third party assessor or declaration of conformity by the

manufacturer.

Part 2 defines requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in

the case of machines classified under Annex 4 of the Machinery Directive, which require a conformity

check in conjunction with a notified body.

Part 3 defines requirements for running on the European railway network. Assessment of conformity is

by a notified body as prescribed in the Railway Interoperability Directive.

Part 4 defines requirements for approval of the machine for use on urban rail. Depending on the

decision of the controller of the network or National rules the assessment of conformance could be by

the Urban Rail Manager concerned, by a third party assessor or declaration of conformity by the

manufacturer.

The risks which exist in all mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic and other components of

machines and which are dealt with in the relevant European Standards are not within the scope of this

European Standard. Where necessary, references are made to appropriate standards of this type.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3:2020 (E)
1 Scope
1.1 General

This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-

propelled road-rail machines, as defined in EN 15746-1:2020, 3.1, henceforward referred to as

machines, when designed and intended for running on European railways within the scope of European

Directive 2007/58/EC.

The running mode is an option designed by the manufacturer which permits the use of the machine on a

specified railway infrastructure without the need for special operational rules.

NOTE 1 The use of special track safety equipment (i.e. part of automatic train protection systems) does not

necessarily mean that the machine has a running mode; some Infrastructure Managers use such equipment as

means of protection for machines in travelling and/or working modes.

NOTE 2 This document is written for 1 435 mm nominal track gauge; special requirements can apply for

running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines.

Urban rail and railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and wheels are not included in

this document.
This document does not apply to the following:

— the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will

be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager;

— travelling and working both on and off rails;
— running on urban rail.

For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted

safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a

particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.

1.2 Validity of this document

This document applies to all machines which are within the scope of the Commission Regulation (EU)

No 1302/2014 for locomotives and passenger rolling stock.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12663-1:2010+A1:2014, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies —

Part 1: Locomotives and passenger rolling stock (and alternative method for freight wagons)

EN 12663-2:2010, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies — Part 2:

Freight wagons

EN 14033-1:2017, Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance

machines — Part 1: Technical requirements for running

EN 14033-2:2017, Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance

machines — Part 2: Technical requirements for travelling and working
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3:2020 (E)

EN 14363:2016+A1:2018, Railway applications — Testing and Simulation for the acceptance of running

characteristics of railway vehicles — Running Behaviour and stationary tests

EN 15153-1:2020, Railway applications — External visible and audible warning devices for trains —

Part 1: Head, marker and tail lamps

EN 15273-2:2013+A1:2016, Railway applications — Gauges — Part 2: Rolling stock gauge

EN 15437-1:2009, Railway applications — Axlebox condition monitoring — Interface and design

requirements — Part 1: Trackside equipment and rolling stock axlebox

EN 15437-2:2012, Railway applications — Axlebox condition monitoring — Interface and design

requirements— Part 2: Performance and design requirements of on-board systems for temperature

monitoring

EN 15528:2015, Railway applications — Line categories for managing the interface between load limits

of vehicles and infrastructure

EN 15746-1:2020, Railway applications — Track — Road-rail machines and associated equipment —

Part 1: Technical requirements for travelling and working

EN 15746-2:2020, Railway applications — Track — Road-rail machines and associated equipment —

Part 2: General safety requirements

EN 50617-2:2015, Railway applications — Technical parameters of train detection systems for the

interoperability of the trans-European railway system — Part 2: Axle counters

EN 62625-1:2013, Electronic railway equipment — On board driving data recording system — Part 1:

System specification (IEC 62625-1:2013)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010,

EN 15746-1:2020 and EN 15746-2:2020 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
As impacted by EN 50617-2:2015/AC:2016.
As impacted by EN 62625-1:2013/A11:2017.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3:2020 (E)
4 Machine categorization
4.1 Categories

The machines are divided into four categories as shown in EN 15746-1:2020, Clause 4.

4.2 Type qualification for being in a train
4.2.1 Category 8 machine in running mode

Machines of Category 8 may be part of a train, but only under the conditions prescribed by the railway

undertaking of such a train and/or by the Infrastructure Manager.
4.2.2 Category 9 machine in running mode

The machine cannot be incorporated within a train but shall be designed and intended to operate

signalling and control systems, and shall comply with this standard.

NOTE The acceptance procedures for access to the railway infrastructure are likely to differ between running

mode and travelling/working modes

A compatibility assessment will need to be undertaken to ensure the signalling command and control

system fitted on the machine is compatible with the line to be run upon.
5 Railway specific safety requirements and/or measures
5.1 General

Machines shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures in accordance with

EN 15746-1:2020, Clauses 5 and 6, and this standard.
5.2 Rolling stock gauge
5.2.1 Running gauge

Except in the lower area, machines in running mode shall meet the dimensional requirements of

EN 15273-2. The critical points near the limits of the permissible kinematic gauge,

see EN 14033-1:2017, Annex C, shall be recorded in the technical documentation as shown in Clause 7,

b), 3), i).

In the lower area deviations could be permitted by the Infrastructure Manager for machines according

to Category 9 B and Category 9 C and equivalent machines belonging to Category 8 to accommodate

road wheels, as shown in EN 15746-1:2020, Figure 5. The requirement is that the machine does not

damage the infrastructure.

NOTE 1 The G1 Profile in EN 15273-2:2013+A1:2016, Figure A.4 meets the cross acceptance gauging

requirements for the majority of mainland European countries.
NOTE 2 National conditions may apply to this exceedance amount, see Annex A.

Machines intended to run on infrastructures with more restrictive gauges shall conform to the specific

rules of those infrastructures and the corresponding restrictions shall be indicated in the instruction

handbook.

No metallic part of the vehicle shall be permitted, under any circumstance of predictable use and wear,

to encroach into the area outside the lower vehicle gauge shown in EN 15273-2:2013+A1:2016,

Figure A.6.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 15746-3:2021
EN 15746-3:2020 (E)
5.2.2 Machine in running mode
5.2.2.1 Stowing of moveable machine parts in running mode

When the machine is in the running mode any movable equipment which has the capacity to go outside

the gauge shall be capable of being stowed in a manner which prevents accidental or unintended

move
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Zweiwege-Maschinen und zugehörige Ausrüstungen - Teil 3: Technische Anforderungen an das FahrenApplications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines rail-route et équipements associés - Partie 3 : Exigences techniques pour la circulationRailway applications - Track - Road-rail machines and associated equipment - Part 3: Technical requirements for running45.060.01Železniška vozila na splošnoRailway rolling stock in generalICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:FprEN 15746-3kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019en,fr,de01-marec-2019kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
FINAL DRAFT
FprEN 15746-3
January
t r s { ICS
{ uä s r r English Version

Railway applications æ Track æ Roadærail machines and associated equipment æ Part

uã Technical requirements for running Applications ferroviaires æ Voie æ Machines railæroute et équipements associés æ Partie

u ã Exigences techniques pour la circulation

Bahnanwendungen æ Oberbau æ ZweiwegeæMaschinen und zugehörige Ausrüstungen æ Teil

uã Technische Anforderungen an das Fahren This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for unique acceptance procedureä It has been drawn up by the

If this draft becomes a European Standardá CEN members are bounwhich stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three ofer language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

Recipients of this draft are invited to submitá with their commentsá notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentationä

Warning ã This document is not a European Standardä It is distributed for review and commentsä It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standardä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s { CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä FprEN

s w y v xæ uã t r s { EkSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019

FprEN 15746-3:2019 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 1.2 Validity of this document ............................................................................................................................. 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Machine categorization ................................................................................................................................. 7 4.1 Categories .......................................................................................................................................................... 7 4.2 Type qualification for being in a train ..................................................................................................... 7 4.2.1 Category 8 machine in running mode ...................................................................................................... 7 4.2.2 Category 9 machine in running mode ...................................................................................................... 8 5 Railway specific safety requirements and/or measures .................................................................. 8 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 5.2 Rolling stock gauge ......................................................................................................................................... 8 5.2.1 Running gauge .................................................................................................................................................. 8 5.2.2 Machine in running mode ............................................................................................................................ 8 5.2.3 Limits in lower area in running mode ..................................................................................................... 9 5.3 Running safety equipment ........................................................................................................................... 9 5.3.1 Indication equipment .................................................................................................................................... 9 5.3.2 Data recorder ................................................................................................................................................... 9 5.4 Safety against derailment ............................................................................................................................ 9 5.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 5.4.2 Safety against derailment for machines ................................................................................................. 9 5.4.3 Dynamic tests on track for first type approved machines ............................................................ 10 5.4.4 Railhead clearing devices .......................................................................................................................... 10 5.5 Stability and prevention of overturning .............................................................................................. 10 5.6 Machine frame and structure .................................................................................................................. 10 5.6.1 Design of the machine frame.................................................................................................................... 10 5.6.2 Lifting and jacking points .......................................................................................................................... 11 5.7 Inter-machine couplings............................................................................................................................ 11 5.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11 5.7.2 Category 8 machines buffing and drawgear ....................................................................................... 11 5.8 Running gear .................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.8.2 Distribution of the wheelset forces in running mode ..................................................................... 12 5.8.3 Rail wheel, wheel profile ........................................................................................................................... 12 5.8.4 Rail wheel arrangements .......................................................................................................................... 12 5.8.5 Load on rail wheels ...................................................................................................................................... 12 5.8.6 Operation of spring loaded points ......................................................................................................... 13 5.8.7 Ratio of wheel load on guiding wheels to road axle load ............................................................... 13 5.9 Rail wheel suspension ................................................................................................................................ 14 5.10 Braking ............................................................................................................................................................. 14 5.11 Driving and working cabs and places ................................................................................................... 15 5.12 Visibility and audibility of the machine ............................................................................................... 15 kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019

FprEN 15746-3:2019 (E) 3 5.12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15 5.12.2 Marker lights in running mode ................................................................................................................ 15 5.12.3 Head lights....................................................................................................................................................... 16 5.12.4 Warning horns ............................................................................................................................................... 16 5.13 Operation of track equipment ................................................................................................................. 16 5.13.1 Operation of track circuits ........................................................................................................................ 16 5.13.2 Operation of axle-counters and treadles ............................................................................................. 16 5.13.3 Operation of treadles associated with level crossings .................................................................... 17 5.13.4 Operation of hot axlebox and unreleased brake detectors ........................................................... 17 5.13.5 Operation of other signalling equipment ............................................................................................ 17 5.14 Fire protection ............................................................................................................................................... 17 5.14.1 Material requirements ............................................................................................................................... 17 5.14.2 Specific measures for flammable liquids ............................................................................................. 17 5.14.3 Portable fire extinguishers ....................................................................................................................... 17 5.14.4 Fire detection systems ................................................................................................................................ 17 5.14.5 Driver’s cab emergency exit ..................................................................................................................... 17 5.15 Recovery .......................................................................................................................................................... 17 5.16 Space between machines during coupling .......................................................................................... 17 5.17 Doors ................................................................................................................................................................. 18 5.18 Side windows.................................................................................................................................................. 18 5.19 Load conditions ............................................................................................................................................. 18 5.20 Minimum curve radius ............................................................................................................................... 18 5.21 Lifeguards ........................................................................................................................................................ 18 5.22 Environmental ............................................................................................................................................... 18 5.23 Equipotential bonding ................................................................................................................................ 18 5.24 Driver's vigilance .......................................................................................................................................... 18 5.25 Driver's indication ....................................................................................................................................... 18 5.26 Labelling in cab .............................................................................................................................................. 18 5.27 Remote controls ............................................................................................................................................ 18 5.28 Noise .................................................................................................................................................................. 18 6 Marking and numbering of the machines ............................................................................................ 19 7 User information ........................................................................................................................................... 19 8 Verification of the conformity to the requirements and/or particular safety measures .......................................................................................................................................................... 20 Annex A (normative)

Special national conditions ........................................................................................... 21 Annex B (normative)

Check list for conformity ................................................................................................ 22 Annex C (informative)

Certificates ........................................................................................................................ 26 C.1 Certificate of type approval to FprEN 15746-3:2019 ...................................................................... 26 C.2 Conformance control document for the technical requirements of FprEN 15746-3:2019 ................................................................................................................................... 27 C.2.1 Machine identification ................................................................................................................................ 27 C.2.2 General characteristics ............................................................................................................................... 27 Annex D (informative)

Structure of European Standards for track construction and maintenance machines ............................................................................................................................... 29 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC aimed to be covered .............................................. 31 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 37

kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019

FprEN 15746-3:2019 (E) 4 European foreword This document (FprEN 15746-3:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This document is currently submitted to the Unique Acceptance Procedure. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. EN 15746, Railway applications — Track — Road-rail machines and associated equipment, is currently composed with the following parts: — Part 1: Technical requirements for travelling and working; — Part 2: General safety requirements; — Part 3: Technical requirements for running; — Part 4: Technical requirements for running, travelling and working on urban rail. kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019

FprEN 15746-3:2019 (E) 5 Introduction This European Standard was prepared to meet the essential requirements of EU Directives to facilitate an open market for goods and services. This document is the third of a series of four parts of the European Standard, Railway applications — Track — Road-rail machines and associated equipment, dealing with railway specific risks of the road-rail machines when running, travelling and working on railway infrastructures: — Part 1 covers the technical requirements for the machines in working and travelling modes, and is applicable for all machines. — Part 2 covers the safety requirements for the machines in working and travelling modes; this is a document harmonized with the European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC. — Part 3 covers the essential requirements for the machines that have a running mode and run on tracks within the scope of the Railway Directive 2007/58/EC; this is a document harmonized with the Railway Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC and its associated Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSI). — Part 4 covers the technical requirements for the machines intended to have working, travelling and/or running mode on urban rail. Part 1 defines requirements for approval of the machine for use on the railway. Depending on the decision of the Infrastructure Manager or National rules the assessment of conformance could be by the Infrastructure Manager concerned, by a third party assessor or declaration of conformity by the manufacturer. Part 2 defines requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of machines classified under Annex 4 of the Machinery Directive, which require a conformity check in conjunction with a notified body. Part 3 defines requirements for running on the European railway network. Assessment of conformity is by a notified body as prescribed in the Railway Interoperability Directive. Part 4 of defines requirements for approval of the machine for use on urban rail. Depending on the decision of the controller of the network or National rules the assessment of conformance could be by the Urban Rail Manager concerned, by a third party assessor or declaration of conformity by the manufacturer. The risks which exist in all mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic and other components of machines and which are dealt with in the relevant European Standards are not within the scope of this European Standard. Where necessary, references are made to appropriate standards of this type. kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019

FprEN 15746-3:2019 (E) 6 1 Scope 1.1 General This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines, as defined in FprEN 15746-1:2019, 3.1, henceforward referred to as machines, when designed and intended for running on European railways within the scope of European Directive 2007/58/EC. The running mode is an option designed by the manufacturer which permits the use of the machine on a specified railway infrastructure without the need for special operational rules. NOTE 1 The use of special track safety equipment (i.e. part of automatic train protection systems) does not necessarily mean that the machine has a running mode; some Infrastructure Managers use such equipment as means of protection for machines in travelling and/or working modes. NOTE 2 This document is written for 1 435 mm nominal track gauge, special requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines. Urban rail and railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and wheels are not included in this document. This document does not apply to the following: — the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager; — travelling and working both on and off rails; — running on urban rail. For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard. 1.2 Validity of this document This document applies to all machines which are within the scope of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 for locomotives and passenger rolling stock. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 12663-1:2010+A1:2014, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies — Part 1: Locomotives and passenger rolling stock (and alternative method for freight wagons) EN 12663-2:2010, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies — Part 2: Freight wagons EN 14033-1:2017, Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance machines — Part 1: Technical requirements for running EN 14033-2:2017, Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance machines — Part 2: Technical requirements for travelling and working kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019

FprEN 15746-3:2019 (E) 7 EN 14363:2016, Railway applications — Testing and Simulation for the acceptance of running characteristics of railway vehicles — Running Behaviour and stationary tests EN 15153-1:2013+A1:2016, Railway applications — External visible and audible warning devices for trains — Part 1: Head, marker and tail lamps EN 15273-2:2013+A1:2016, Railway applications — Gauges — Part 2: Rolling stock gauge EN 15437 (all parts), Railway applications — Axlebox condition monitoring — Interface and design requirements EN 15528, Railway applications — Line categories for managing the interface between load limits of vehicles and infrastructure FprEN 15746-1:2019, Railway applications — Track — Road-rail machines and associated equipment — Part 1: Technical requirements for travelling and working FprEN 15746-2:2019, Railway applications — Track — Road-rail machines and associated equipment — Part 2: General safety requirements EN 50238-1:2003, Railway applications — Compatibility between rolling stock and train detection systems — Part 1: General EN 62625-1:2013, Electronic railway equipment — On board driving data recording system — Part 1: System specification (IEC 62625-1:2013) EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:2010) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010, FprEN 15746-1:2019 and FprEN 15746-2:2019 apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp

4 Machine categorization 4.1 Categories The machines are divided into four categories as shown in FprEN 15746-1:2019, Clause 4. 4.2 Type qualification for being in a train 4.2.1 Category 8 machine in running mode Machines of Category 8 may be part of a train, but only under the conditions prescribed by the railway undertaking of such a train and/or by the Infrastructure Manager. kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019

FprEN 15746-3:2019 (E) 8 4.2.2 Category 9 machine in running mode The machine cannot be incorporated within a train but shall be designed and intended to operate signalling and control systems, and shall comply with this standard NOTE The acceptance procedures for access to the railway infrastructure are likely to differ between running mode and travelling/working modes A compatibility assessment will need to be undertaken to ensure the signalling command and control system fitted on the machine is compatible with the line to be run upon. 5 Railway specific safety requirements and/or measures 5.1 General Machines shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures in accordance with FprEN 15746-1:2019, Clauses 5 and 6, and this standard. 5.2 Rolling stock gauge 5.2.1 Running gauge Except in the lower area, machines in running mode shall meet the dimensional requirements of EN 15273-2. The critical points near the limits of the permissible kinematic gauge, see EN 14033-1:2017, Annex C, shall be recorded in the technical documentation as shown in Clause 7, b), 3), i). In the lower area deviations could be permitted by the Infrastructure Manager for machines according to Category 9 B and Category 9 C and equivalent machines belonging to Category 8 to accommodate road wheels, as shown in FprEN 15746-1:2019, Figure 5. The requirement is that the machine does not damage the infrastructure. NOTE 1 The G1 Profile in EN 15273-2:2013+A1:2016, Figure A.4 meets the cross acceptance gauging requirements for the majority of mainland European countries. NOTE 2 National conditions may apply to this exceedance amount, see Annex A. Machines intended to run on infrastructures with more restrictive gauges shall conform to the specific rules of those infrastructures and the corresponding restrictions shall be indicated in the instruction handbook. No metallic part of the vehicle shall be permitted, under any circumstance of predictable use and wear, to encroach into the area outside the lower vehicle gauge shown in EN 15273-2:2013+A1:2016, Figure A.6. 5.2.2 Machine in running mode 5.2.2.1 Stowing of moveable machine parts in running mode When the machine is in the running mode any movable equipment which has the capacity to go outside the gauge shall be capable of being stowed in a manner which prevents accidental or unintended movement out of the gauge. All such moveable parts and assemblies forming part of the machine that are unpacked in order to allow the machine to work in rail and non-rail mode shall, in their stowed state, be secured by devices capable of resisting the foreseeable forces encountered during running, which shall not rely upon a power source to retain the locking function. Moveable parts shall be held by either: kSIST FprEN 15746-3:2019

FprEN 15746-3:2019 (E) 9 — efficient locks. The visible positive locking components in running mode shall be painted in red. If the locking mechanism is powered, the control of locking should preferably be possible from inside the machine gauge; or — check valves on hydraulic systems, which shall prevent movement and be fail safe. It shall be obvious to anyone checking the machine that these parts of the machine are locked in their stowed position. Furthermore, for locking devices operable from the cab, either a red warning light shall illuminate on the driver's desk to indicate if any moveable part of the machine is not locked, or a green light shall indicate on the driver's desk that all moveable parts of the machine are locked. 5.2.2.2 Operating controls in running mode When in running mode, all operating controls not related to running, including locking devices, shall be deactivated. 5.2.3 Limits in lower area in running mode Machines, where permitted by the Infrastructure Manager to exceed the lower gauge area (see EN 14033-2:2017, Annex D) as shown in FprEN 15746-1:2019, 5.2.1, shall have any operating restrictions stated on the type approval certificate. 5.3 Running safety equipment 5.3.1 Indication equipment Machines with a running mode shall be fitted with special equipment specific for running safety on specific infrastructures, see EN 14033-1:2017, Annex J. The controls for this equipment shall be located in each driving cab. 5.3.2 Data recorder Machines with a running mode shall carry at least one data record

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.