Continuous handling equipment and systems - Safety and EMC requirements for the equipment for the storage of bulk materials in silos, bunkers, bins and hoppers

This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 and annex A. These hazards can arise during the operation and maintenance of equipment to store bulk materials in silos, bunkers, bins and hoppers and their built-in inlet and outlet devices when carried out in accordance with the specifications given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. This standard deals with safety related technical verification during commissioning.

Stetigförderer und Systeme - Sicherheits- und EMV-Anforderungen an Einrichtungen für die Lagerung von Schüttgütern in Silos, Bunkern, Vorratsbehältern und Trichtern

Diese Europäische Norm behandelt die technischen Anforderungen, um die im Abschnitt 4 und Anhang A aufgeführten Gefährdungen zu minimieren. Diese Gefährdungen können während des Betriebs und der Wartung von Einrichtungen zur Lagerung von Schüttgütern in Silos, Bunkern, Vorratsbehältern und Trichtern und ihren angebauten Eintritts- und Austrittsorganen entstehen, wenn diese Tätigkeiten nach den Angaben des Herstellers oder dessen autorisierten Bevollmächtigten durchgeführt werden. Diese Norm befasst sich mit der sicherheitsrelevanten technischen Verifikation während der Inbetriebnahme.

Equipements et systèmes de manutention continue - Prescriptions de sécurité et de CEM pour les équipements de stockage des produits en vrac en silos, soutes, réservoirs et trémies

La présente norme européenne traite des prescriptions techniques visant à minimiser les phénomènes dangereux énumérés à l'article 4 et dans l'Annexe A. Ces phénomènes dangereux peuvent se produire au cours du fonctionnement et de la maintenance des équipements de stockage des produits en vrac en silos, soutes, réservoirs et trémies ainsi que de leurs dispositifs d'entrée et de sortie intégrés, lorsque ce fonctionnement et cette maintenance s'effectuent conformément aux spécifications données par le fabricant ou son représentant autorisé. La présente norme traite de la vérification technique liée à la sécurité lors de la mise en service.
NOTE Les silos sont constitués de différents matériaux, par exemple béton, acier, aluminium, fibranne, bois.
Les prescriptions et/ou mesures de sécurité de la présente norme s'appliquent aux équipements utilisés dans tous les types d'environnement. Toutefois, une estimation du risque et des mesures de sécurité complémentaires doivent être envisagées dans des conditions sévères, par exemple températures faibles ou élevées ne relevant pas de la plage couverte par l'EN 60204-1:1997, environnements corrosifs, champs magnétiques élevés, conditions radioactives et produits en vrac à stocker y compris leur écoulement dont la nature pourrait provoquer une situation dangereuse.
La présente norme ne couvre pas les prescriptions relatives :
-   aux équipements de stockage déplaçables, non fixes, tels que véhicules routiers, wagons de chemin de fer, conteneurs pour produits en vrac, navires et barges ;
-   aux réservoirs d’expédition et aux réservoirs à pression utilisés dans les systèmes de manutention pneumatique ;
-   au stockage en tas et sur plancher ;
-   aux équipements pour le stockage de produits autres que les produits en vrac (liquides, gaz, schlamms, boues, ensilage) ;
-   au démontage et au transport des systèmes de stockage ;
-   aux procédures permettant de pénétrer dans les silos et au comportement des personnes à l'intérieur du sil

Naprave in sistemi za kontinuirni transport - Varnostne zahteve in zahteve za elektromagnetno združljivost naprav, sistemov in opreme za hranjenje sipkih materialov v silosih, bunkerjih, zalogovnikih in lijakih (vključno z dopolnilom A1)

Ta evropski standard obravnava tehnične zahteve za zmanjševanje nevarnosti, navedenih v klavzuli 4 in dodatku A. Te nevarnosti lahko nastanejo med delovanjem in vzdrževanjem opreme za hranjenje sipkih materialov v silosih, bunkerjih, zalogovnikih in lijakih ter njihove vgrajene vstopne in izstopne naprave, kadar se izvaja v skladu s specifikacijami, ki jih je podal proizvajalec ali njegov pooblaščeni zastopnik. Ta standard obravnava varnost povezanih tehničnih preverjanj med usposobitvijo za zagon.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Jan-2011
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
23-Dec-2010
Due Date
27-Feb-2011
Completion Date
17-Jan-2011

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
01-februar-2011
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 617:2002
1DSUDYHLQVLVWHPL]DNRQWLQXLUQLWUDQVSRUW9DUQRVWQH]DKWHYHLQ]DKWHYH]D
HOHNWURPDJQHWQR]GUXåOMLYRVWQDSUDYVLVWHPRYLQRSUHPH]DKUDQMHQMHVLSNLK

PDWHULDORYYVLORVLKEXQNHUMLK]DORJRYQLNLKLQOLMDNLK YNOMXþQR]GRSROQLORP$

Continuous handling equipment and systems - Safety and EMC requirements for the
equipment for the storage of bulk materials in silos, bunkers, bins and hoppers

Stetigförderer und Systeme - Sicherheits- und EMV-Anforderungen an Einrichtungen für

die Lagerung von Schüttgütern in Silos, Bunkern, Vorratsbehältern und Trichtern

Equipements et systèmes de manutention continue - Prescriptions de sécurité et de

CEM pour les équipements de stockage des produits en vrac en silos, soutes, réservoirs

et trémies
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 617:2001+A1:2010
ICS:
33.100.01 Elektromagnetna združljivost Electromagnetic compatibility
na splošno in general
53.040.10 Transporterji Conveyors
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 617:2001+A1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2010
ICS 53.040.10 Supersedes EN 617:2001
English Version
Continuous handling equipment and systems - Safety and EMC
requirements for the equipment for the storage of bulk materials
in silos, bunkers, bins and hoppers

Equipements et systèmes de manutention continue - Stetigförderer und Systeme - Sicherheits- und EMV-

Prescriptions de sécurité et de CEM pour les équipements Anforderungen an Einrichtungen für die Lagerung von

de stockage des produits en vrac en silos, soutes, Schüttgütern in Silos, Bunkern, Vorratsbehältern und

réservoirs et trémies Trichtern

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 4 June 2001 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 9 November 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 617:2001+A1:2010: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)
Contents
page

Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Hazards ............................................................................................................................................................ 9

5 Safety and EMC requirements and/ or measures ......................................................................................... 10

6 Verification of safety and EMC requirements and /or measures ................................................................... 25

7 Information for use ......................................................................................................................................... 28

Annex A (normative) !List of hazards" ............................................................................................................... 33

Annex B (informative) Further Documents and Remarks .......................................................................................... 37

Annex C (informative) Safety signs mentioned in 7.2.3 ............................................................................................. 38

Annex D (informative) Fire or explosion hazard ........................................................................................................ 39

Annex ZA (informative) !Coverage of Essential Requirements of EU Directives" ............................................ 41

Annex ZB (informative) !Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of the

EU Directive 2006/42/EC".......................................................................................................................... 42

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................ 44

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SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 617:2001+A1:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 148 "Continuous

handling equipment and systems - Safety", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or

by endorsement, at the latest by June 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by

June 2011.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights.

CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2010-11-09.
This document supersedes EN 617:2001.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! ".

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this standard.

!deleted text"

This !standard" forms part of a series of five !standards" the titles of which are given below:

 EN 617, Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety and EMC requirements for the equipment for

the storage of bulk materials in silos, bunkers, bins and hoppers

 !EN 618", Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety and EMC requirements for equipment

for mechanical handling of bulk materials except fixed belt conveyors

 !EN 619", Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety and EMC requirements for equipment

for mechanical handling of unit loads

 EN 620, Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety and EMC requirements for fixed belt con-

veyors for bulk material

 EN 741, Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety requirements for systems and their

components for pneumatic handling of bulk materials
!deleted text"

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland and United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)
Introduction
This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN 1070.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards are covered are indicated in the scope of this standard.

While producing this standard it was assumed that:
 only competent persons operate the system;
 components without specific requirements are:

a) designed in accordance with the usual engineering practice and calculation codes, including all failure

modes (see also Bibliography and annex B);
b) of sound mechanical and electrical construction;
c) made of materials with adequate strength and of suitable quality;
d) made of materials free of defects.
 harmful materials, such as asbestos are not used as part of the machine;

 components are kept in good repair and working order, so that required characteristics remain despite wear;

 by design of the load bearing elements, a safe operation of the system is assured for loading ranging from

zero to 100 % of the rated possibilities and during the tests;

 to ensure the correct function of the equipment the ambient temperature is maintained between -5 °C to + 50 °C;

 negotiation occurred between the manufacturer and the user concerning particular conditions for the use and

places of use for the machinery related to health and safety;
 the place of installation allows a safe use of the machine.

1) “manufacturer” within the European Union is to be understood as intended in the Machinery Directive.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 and

annex A. These hazards can arise during the operation and maintenance of equipment to store bulk materials in

silos, bunkers, bins and hoppers and their built-in inlet and outlet devices when carried out in accordance with the

specifications given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. This standard deals with safety related

technical verification during commissioning.
The following parts are dealt with in this standard (see Figure 1):
Key
A Bulk material to be stored
B Storage space limited by the silo structure
C Charging
D Discharging

E Associated and additional equipment (e.g. flow aid devices, instrumentation, local control systems)

F Working and traffic area
Figure 1 – Parts of a storage equipment

NOTE Silos are made of different materials e.g. concrete, steel, aluminium, spun rayon, wood.

Safety requirements and/or measures in this standard apply to equipment used in all environments. However,

additional risk assessment and safety measures need to be considered in severe conditions, e.g. low or high

temperatures out of the range covered by EN 60204-1, corrosive environments, strong magnetic fields, radioactive

conditions and bulk materials to be stored included their flow the nature of which could lead to a dangerous

situation.
This standard does not cover requirements for:

 movable, non permanent storage equipment such as road vehicles, rail wagons, containers for bulk materials,

ships and barges;
 blow tanks and pressure vessels as used in pneumatic conveying systems;
 stockpiles and flat storage;

 storage equipment for non bulk materials (liquid, gas, slurries, sludge, silage);

 dismantling and transport of storage equipments;
 procedure for entering the silo and behaviour of persons inside the silo;
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)
 storage equipments for underground mining;
 !noise."

This European Standard deals with the technical requirements for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

2 Normative references

!The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies."
EN 131, Ladders — Terms, types, functional sizes
!deleted text"

EN 294:1992, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the upper limbs

EN 349:1993, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of the parts of the human body

EN 418:1992, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop equipment, functional aspects — Principles for design

EN 547-1:1996, Safety of machinery — Human body measurements — Part 1: Principles for determining the

dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery

EN 547-3, Safety of machinery — Human body measurements — Part 3: Anthropometric data

!deleted text"

EN 574, Safety of machinery — Two- hand control devices — Functional aspects — Principles for design

!EN 618", Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety and EMC requirements for equipment for

mechanical handling of bulk material except fixed belt conveyors

EN 620, Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety and EMC requirements for fixed belt conveyors for

bulk material

EN 626-1, Safety of machinery — Reduction of risks to health from hazardous substances emitted by machinery —

Part 1: Principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers

EN 741, Continuous handling equipment and systems — Safety requirements for systems and their components

for pneumatic handling of bulk material

EN 795, Protection against falls from a height — Anchor devices — Requirements and testing

EN 811:1996, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent danger zone being reached by the lower limbs

EN 842, Safety of machinery — Visual danger signals — General requirements, design and testing

EN 953:1997, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and

movable guards

EN 954-1:1996, Safety of machinery — Safety related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles for

design
EN 1037:1995, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start- up

EN 1088:1995, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for design and

selection
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SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)

EN 1127-1, Explosive atmospheres — Explosion prevention and protection — Part 1: Basic concepts and

methodology

!EN 12464-1, Light and lighting — Lighting of work places — Part 1: Indoor work places

EN 12464-2, Light and lighting — Lighting of work places — Part 2: Outdoor work places"

!EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic

terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003)"

!EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 2:

Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003)"

!EN ISO 13732-1:2008, Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006)"

!EN ISO 14122-1, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 1: Choice of fixed

means of access between two levels (ISO 14122-1:2001)"

!EN ISO 14122-2, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 2: Working

platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2001)"

!EN ISO 14122-3, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs,

stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2001)"
!deleted text"

EN 26184-1, Explosion protection systems — Part 1: Determination of explosion indices of combustible dust in air

(ISO 6184-1: 1985)
!deleted text"

EN 60204-1:1997, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC

60204-1:1997)

prEN 60204-11:1998, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 11: General requirements

for voltage above 1 000 V a.c. or 1 500 V d.c. and not exceeding 36 kV

EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) (IEC 60529:1989)

!EN 60825-1, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements (IEC 60825-

1:2007)"

EN 60947-5-1:1997, Low voltage switchgear and controlgear — Part 5: Control circuit devices and switching

elements — Section 1: Electromechanical control circuit devices (IEC 60947-5-1:1997)

IEC 60364-7-706, Electrical installations of buildings — Part 7: Requirements for special installations or locations.

Section 706 — Restrictive conducting locations

EN 61000-6-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-2: Generic standards — Immunity for industrial

environments (IEC 61000-6-2:1999)

!EN 61000-6-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-3: Generic standards; Emission standard for

residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-3:2006)"

IEC 61241-1-2, Electrical apparatus for use in the presence of combustible dust — Part 1: Electrical apparatus

protected by enclosures — Section 2: Selection, installation and maintenance of apparatus

ISO 3435, Continuous mechanical handling equipment — Classification and symbolisation of bulk materials

ISO 3864, Safety colours and safety signs
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this standard the terms and definitions in !EN ISO 12100-1:2003" and the following terms

and definitions apply:
3.1
silo

that part of a continuous handling system used to contain intended kind(s) of bulk material(s) during a certain

period of time. The silo is usually charged from the top and discharged from one or more outlets at the bottom or

side

With regard to this document ”silo” is a generic term for bunker, bin, and hopper.

3.2
bulk material

a bulk material is a mixture consisting of a minimum of two phases, solid and gas. Normally liquid is also present in

a bulk material and is referred to as moisture content. The solid in a bulk material consists of fine or coarse

particles or of larger pieces or mixtures of these. In practice bulk materials are known as dusts, powders, meals,

grains, granules, lumps, and pellets

NOTE For further information relating to description and classification of bulk materials see FEM 2.381 and

FEM 2.581/2.582 (see Bibliography) and ISO 3435 (clause 2).
3.3
charging
devices to facilitate silo filling
3.4
discharging
devices to facilitate silo emptying. The minimum function of this equipment is:
 withdrawal of bulk material through the designed outlet;

 converging of bulk material from the silo to downstream equipment (e.g. airlocks, gates);

 provision of the intended discharge rate(s).
3.5
working area

an area as intended by the manufacturer where persons operate equipment under normal conditions (inspection,

maintenance and cleaning are excluded)

NOTE For manufacturers information relating to intended use see Introduction, negotiation.

3.6
traffic area

an area as intended by the manufacturer which is accessible or reachable by all persons without opening a guard,

activating a trip device or using additional means. This area includes permanent means of access

NOTE For manufacturers information relating to intended use see Introduction, negotiation.

3.7
flow aid devices

additional equipment to assist the flow of bulk materials from silos. These can be static or dynamic. Static aids

include all types of wall linings and non-moving inserts. Dynamic aids include all moving inserts and also fixed or

moving equipment that may incorporate all forms of energy input into the bulk material e.g. via air, vibration

(including sound), mechanical agitation etc.
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SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)
3.8
flow channel
a route through a bulk material stored in a silo through which flow can occur

Flow channels are usually wider at the top than at the silo outlets and have quite steep walls. When flow channels

are present the full capacity of the silo may not be realisable.
3.9
flow behaviour

the characteristic or pattern of bulk materials flow during the discharge period in a silo, known as mass flow, core

flow (funnel flow), rat-holing, etc.
3.9.1
mass flow

flow behaviour of bulk material in a silo during the discharge period. All particles of bulk material are in motion

towards the outlet during this period of time. No dead or stagnant zones occur
NOTE Mass flow silos empty completely.
3.9.2
core flow

flow behaviour of bulk material in a silo during the discharge period. At the beginning of the discharge period only a

core zone of bulk material is in motion towards the outlet. Bulk material adjacent to this core zone remains

stationary. The movement of bulk material starts above the outlet, forming a flow channel or funnel (funnel flow)

which either extends up vertically to the top surface of bulk material or inclined to the silo walls. The geometry of

this flow channel can be variable. As discharge operation proceeds, bulk material surrounding the flow channel

either gradually slides down into the channel on certain slip lines or remains stationary forming a stable hole which

is referred to as rat-holing or piping
NOTE Core flow is also referred to as funnel flow.
3.9.3 rat-holing

flow behaviour of bulk material in core flow (see core flow) forming a stable hole shaped like a pipe or a rat-hole

NOTE Rat-holing is also referred to as piping.
3.9.4
flooding

flow behaviour of aerated or fluidised bulk material, caused by increase of the contained air or voidage. These bulk

materials show properties similar to a liquid, resulting in flooding dischargers, feeders or flushing through small

gaps between flanges, gates etc.
NOTE Flooding is also referred to as flushing.
3.9.5
arching

the formation of a blockage of bulk material in a silo which obstructs flow. It can occur at any position in the silo but

is usually to be found in any converging section. The arch can be caused by particles held in position by

mechanical friction or by all forms of cohesion e.g. surface tension, van der Waals forces, electrostatic charges,

icing up, crystallisation
NOTE Arching is also referred to as bridging, or doming.
4 Hazards

This clause contains the hazards and hazardous situations, as far as they are dealt with in this European Standard,

identified by risk assessment significant for this type of machinery and which require action to eliminate or reduce

risk.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)

Risks in systems for the storage of bulk materials in silos are very different from those risks resulting from the

hazards for typical machines Iisted in !EN ISO 12100-1" and !EN ISO 12100-2". Therefore in annex A,

the types of hazards are marked with respect to systems for the storage of bulk materials.

The following hazards in equipment for the storage of bulk materials in silos are of major importance:

 hazards arising from bulk materials, which can cause risk of fire, explosion, noxious vapours, burns,

uncontrolled increasing or lowering of the temperature;

 hazards arising from the problems associated with the flow of bulk materials and/or initiated by

associated equipment (mass fIow, core flow, arching, fIooding, overfilling, overloading, etc.);

 hazards in connection with entry of persons into silos.
5 Safety and EMC requirements and/ or measures

Machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or measures of this clause and in addition with

!EN ISO 12100-1" and !EN ISO 12100-2" for hazards relevant but not significant which are not dealt with

in this standard.

Charging and discharging equipment covered by !EN 618", EN 620 and/or EN 741 shall comply with the

requirements of these standards.

For the application of EN 547-1, EN 547-3, EN 842, EN 953:1997, 5.3 of EN 954-1:1996, the manufacturer shall

carry out an adequate risk assessment for the requirements thereof where choice is necessary.

NOTE This specific risk assessment is part of the general risk assessment relating to the hazards not covered by this

C-standard.
5.1 Mechanical hazards
Mechanical hazards shall be safeguarded by guards.

Appropriate safety distances in accordance with EN 349:1993, Table 1 or EN 294:1992, Table 1 or Tables 2, 3, 6

and EN 811:1996 and/or hinged or slidable guards, fixed enclosing guards, fixed distance guards or interlocking

guards shall be provided to protect operators from crushing and shearing hazards.

5.1.1 Guard construction

Guards shall be in accordance with EN 953 and may be perforated or imperforate sheet construction. If of

perforated construction, the safety distances to prevent danger areas being reached shall comply with

EN 294:1992 (see 5.1 above).

Where it is intended to step on covers or guards, they shall be able to withstand a force of 1 500 N evenly

distributed over an area of 0,2 m × 0,2 m, with a deformation less 1 % of any reference dimension and no contact

with moving parts. After loading it shall be possible to replace the guard.

The other guards shall be able to withstand a force of 150 N evenly distributed on a area of 0,2 m × 0,2 m with a

deformation less 1 % of any reference dimension and with no contact with moving parts. After loading it shall be

possible to reuse the guard.

NOTE The design of guards should enable spillage to be cleared without removal of guards.

!Fixed guards shall be fixed by systems that can be opened or removed only with tools.

Their fixing systems shall remain attached to the guards or to the machinery when the guards are removed."

---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 617:2002+A1:2011
EN 617:2001+A1:2010 (E)
5.1.1.1 Fixed enclosing guards

Fixed enclosing guards shall be in accordance with 3.2.1 of EN 953:1997. They shall be securely fixed in position

using captive type fastenings and shall only be capable of being fixed and fastened with the aid of a tool. If they are

removable, they shall be capable of being removed and replaced without dismantling any other part. Guards shall

be designed so that they cannot remain in the closed position unless they are fastened.

Openings in fixed enclosing guards shall conform with EN 294:1992, Tables 3, 4 or 6 and EN 811:1996, Table 1.

5.1.1.2 Fixed distance guards

Fixed distance guards shall be in accordance with 3.2.2 of EN 953:1997. They shall be securely fixed in position

using captive type fastenings and shall only be capable of being fixed and fastened with the aid of a tool. The

safety distance provided by fixed distance guards shall conform to EN 294: 1992, Table 2.

5.1.1.3 Hinged or slidable guards

For hinged guards (e.g. doors) on totally enclosed parts, the type of attachment and the type and direction of

opening shall be in accordance with the requirements of EN 953. Where the opening and compartment are large

enough for any person to enter, the panel shall be capable of being opened from inside without a key or tool.

Openings shall conform with EN 294:1992, Tables 3, 4 or 6 and EN 811:1996, Table 1.

5.1.1.4 Interlocking guards

Interlocking guards shall be in accordance with 3.5 of EN 953:1997, shall be securely fixed in position and shall use

interlocking devices in accordance with EN 1088: 1995, 4.2.1.
5.1.2 Choice of guards
5.1.2.1 Inspection guards during operation

If a guard is intended to be opened during operation to allow viewing of a danger zone:

1) safety distance of EN 294:1992, Tables 2, 3, 4, 6 and EN 811:1996, Table 1 shall be met; or

2) an additional fixed guard shall be provided which prevents danger points from being reached, e.g. made from

perforated plate or wire mesh and complying with the safety distances of EN 294:1992, Table 4 and EN 811:1996,

Table 1.
Hinged or slidable guards shall be self closing and self locking.
5.1.2.2 Access guards for maintenance or repair out of operation

If access guards for maintenance or repair out of operation are intended to be opened more frequently than once

every eight hours they shall be interlocked with guards.

If access guards for maintenance or repair out of operation are intended to be opened less frequently than once

every eight hours they shall be opened with a tool or a key.

If there are hinged or slidable guards they shall be retained open by a positive engagement device.

5.1.2.3 Access guards for maintenance or repair in special operating modes

Access guards for maintenance and repair in special operating modes as defined in 5.10.1.2 shall be fixed, hinged

or slidable guards. They shall be retained open or shut by a positive engagement device. They shall be able to be

opened from inside without a tool or a key.
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