Railway applications - Track - Safety requirements for portable machines and trolleys for construction and maintenance

This document deals with the technical requirements to minimise the railway specific significant hazards of portable machines and trolleys used for work on tracks as listed in clause 4 and annex A which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of portable machines and trolleys when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It does not deal with the general function of the machines (e.g. cutting, drilling, grinding).
This document applies to portable machines and portable trolleys designed for work on the track with nominal track gauges of 1 435 mm and 1 668 mm and clearance gauge as defined in annex B including cutting machines and those designed for working on wooden sleepers.
This document does not apply to portable trolleys coupled together, whether or not self propelled, and trolleys used for transporting personnel.
For portable machines and trolleys used on railway lines with a different clearance gauge to that defined in
annex B specific requirements concerning the clearance gauge may apply ).
This document does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   regulations defined by each infrastructure controller for portable machine and trolley operation which shall be the subject of negotiation between the user and the manufacturer;
-   portable machines used from railway vehicles.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules as potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   electromagnetic compatibility, due to e.g. electronic components;
-   hazards occurring during decommissioning and/or recycling;
-   hazards due to vibration;
-   hazards due to wind speed grea

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Sicherheitsanforderungen an tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen für Bau und Instandhaltung

Dieses Dokument behandelt die technischen Anforderungen, um die in Abschnitt 4 und Anhang A aufgeführten spezifischen, signifikanten Gefährdungen für tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen beim Arbeiten auf Gleisen zu begrenzen, die bei der Inbetriebnahme, dem Gebrauch und dem Instandhalten der tragbaren Maschinen und Rollwagen auftreten können, wenn sie wie vorgesehen eingesetzt und unter den vom Hersteller festgelegten Bedingungen betrieben werden. Sie behandelt nicht die generellen Funktionen der Maschinen, z. B. Schneiden, Bohren, Schleifen.
Dieses Dokument gilt für tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen, die für Arbeiten auf Eisenbahnanlagen mit Nennspurweiten von 1435 mm und 1668 mm und der Begrenzungslinie nach Anhang B konstruiert wurden, einschließlich der Trennschleifmaschinen und der Maschinen, die speziell für das Bearbeiten der Holzschwellen im Gleis konzipiert wurden.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für gekuppelte tragbare Rollwagen mit oder ohne Eigenantrieb und auch nicht für den Personentransport.
Für tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen für den Einsatz auf Eisenbahngleisen mit anderen Begrenzungslinien als sie in Anhang B definiert sind, können spezifische Anforderungen an die Begrenzungslinie ) gelten.

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Prescriptions de sécurité pour machines et lorries portables pour la construction et la maintenance

La présente Norme européenne traite des prescriptions techniques pour minimiser les risques spécifiques au ferroviaire et significatifs des machines et lorries portables utilisés pour les travaux sur les voies ferrées comme mentionné a l'Article 4 et en Annexe A, qui peuvent se présenter lors de la mise en service, l'utilisation et l'entretien des machines et lorries portables quand ils sont utilisés comme prévu et dans les conditions fixées par le fabricant.
La présente Norme européenne ne traite pas des fonctions générales des machines (par exemple sciage, perçage, meulage).
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux machines et lorries portables conçus pour les travaux sur les voies ferrées a écartement nominal de 1 435 mm et de 1 668 mm, avec gabarit autorisé tel que défini en Annexe B, comprenant les tronçonneuses a rail et les machines conçues spécifiquement pour le travail des traverses en bois.
La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux lorries portables accouplés ensembles, automoteurs ou non, et aux lorries destinés au transport du personnel.
Des regles spécifiques  ) de gabarit peuvent s'appliquer aux machines et lorries portables utilisés sur des lignes a gabarit autres que celui défini en Annexe B.

Železniške naprave – Zgornji ustroj – Varnostne zahteve za prenosne stroje in lahko tirno mehanizacijo, ki se uporabljajo pri gradnji in vzdrževanju

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-Apr-2005
Withdrawal Date
27-Jan-2014
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
24-Jan-2014
Due Date
16-Feb-2014
Completion Date
28-Jan-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13977:2005
01-maj-2005
Železniške naprave – Zgornji ustroj – Varnostne zahteve za prenosne stroje in
lahko tirno mehanizacijo, ki se uporabljajo pri gradnji in vzdrževanju

Railway applications - Track - Safety requirements for portable machines and trolleys for

construction and maintenance
Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Sicherheitsanforderungen an tragbare Maschinen und
Rollwagen für Bau und Instandhaltung

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Prescriptions de sécurité pour machines et lorries

portables pour la construction et la maintenance
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13977:2005
ICS:
45.120 2SUHPD]DJUDGQMRLQ Equipment for
Y]GUåHYDQMHåHOH]QLFR] railway/cableway
åLþQLF construction and
maintenance
SIST EN 13977:2005 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13977:2005
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SIST EN 13977:2005
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 13977
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2005
ICS 45.120
English version
Railway applications - Track - Safety requirements for portable
machines and trolleys for construction and maintenance

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Prescriptions de sécurité Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Sicherheitsanforderungen

pour machines et lorries portables pour la construction et la an tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen für Bau- und

maintenance Instandhaltung
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 August 2004.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2005 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13977:2005: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)
Contents
page

Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................6

1.1 General............................................................................................................................................................6

1.2 Validity of this document ..............................................................................................................................6

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................7

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................8

4 List of significant hazards ............................................................................................................................8

5 Safety requirements and/or safety measures.............................................................................................8

5.1 General............................................................................................................................................................8

5.2 Handling devices ...........................................................................................................................................9

5.2.1 Handles used for handling and/or control ..................................................................................................9

5.2.2 Additional handle, lifting points and securing points................................................................................9

5.3 Wheels and rollers.........................................................................................................................................9

5.4 Immobilisation device .................................................................................................................................10

5.5 Clamping and/or supporting devices ........................................................................................................10

5.6 Power generation and transmission equipment ......................................................................................10

5.6.1 Electrical equipment....................................................................................................................................10

5.6.2 Hydraulic, pneumatic and mechanical power transmission ...................................................................10

5.7 Tools .............................................................................................................................................................11

5.8 Interlocking device ......................................................................................................................................11

5.9 Location of control devices ........................................................................................................................11

5.10 Warning devices ..........................................................................................................................................11

5.11 Isolation from external electrical voltages................................................................................................11

5.11.1 Shorting track circuits.................................................................................................................................11

5.11.2 Catenaries.....................................................................................................................................................11

5.12 Lighting.........................................................................................................................................................11

5.13 Prevention of emission of pollutants.........................................................................................................11

5.14 Painting.........................................................................................................................................................12

5.15 Stability .........................................................................................................................................................12

5.16 Conformance to gauge................................................................................................................................12

5.17 Time for off-tracking....................................................................................................................................12

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures .......................................................................13

6.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................13

6.2 Type verification ..........................................................................................................................................13

6.3 Conformity to type.......................................................................................................................................13

6.4 Verification methods ...................................................................................................................................13

6.4.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.2 Visual check .................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.3 Measurement................................................................................................................................................13

6.4.4 Test(s) ...........................................................................................................................................................13

6.5 Conformity evaluation procedures ............................................................................................................14

6.5.1 Type verification ..........................................................................................................................................14

6.5.2 Conformity to type.......................................................................................................................................14

6.5.3 Marking of conformity .................................................................................................................................14

7 Information for use ......................................................................................................................................14

7.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................14

7.2 Instruction handbook ..................................................................................................................................14

7.3 Instructions for assembly ...........................................................................................................................14

7.4 Instructions for use .....................................................................................................................................15

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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)

7.4.1 Additional instructions................................................................................................................................15

7.4.2 Restriction of use ........................................................................................................................................15

7.4.3 Use in the vicinity of conductor rails.........................................................................................................15

7.4.4 Eye protection..............................................................................................................................................16

7.4.5 Engine exhaust emissions..........................................................................................................................16

7.4.6 Fuel tank .......................................................................................................................................................16

7.4.7 Mass..............................................................................................................................................................16

7.4.8 Stability.........................................................................................................................................................16

7.4.9 Remaining within gauge .............................................................................................................................16

7.4.10 Off-tracking ..................................................................................................................................................16

7.4.11 Interlocking devices ....................................................................................................................................16

7.4.12 Instructions for maintenance .....................................................................................................................17

7.4.13 Instructions for training ..............................................................................................................................17

7.5 Marking .........................................................................................................................................................18

7.5.1 Basic marking ..............................................................................................................................................18

7.5.2 Additional marking ......................................................................................................................................18

7.6 Symbols and warning devices ...................................................................................................................18

Annex A (normative) List of significant hazards.................................................................................................19

Annex B (normative) Clearance gauge for portable machines and trolleys ....................................................21

Annex C (normative) Type verification.................................................................................................................23

C.1 Identification.......................................................................................................................................................23

C.2 Technical documents ........................................................................................................................................23

C.3 Conformance check to EN 13977 .....................................................................................................................23

Annex D (informative) Declaration of type verification ......................................................................................26

Annex E (normative) Portable machine and trolley marking .............................................................................27

Annex F (normative) Conformity to type verification .........................................................................................28

F.1 Identification .......................................................................................................................................................28

F.2 Conformance check to EN 13977......................................................................................................................28

F.3 Declaration of conformity to type .....................................................................................................................30

Annex G (informative) Special conditions ...........................................................................................................31

Annex H (informative) Rail cutting off machines ................................................................................................32

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC....................................................................................................33

Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................34

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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 13977:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 "Railway applications",

the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or

by endorsement, at the latest by September 2005, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by September 2005.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European

Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,

Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)
0 Introduction

This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100-1 and EN ISO 12100-2.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are

indicated in the scope of this document.

When the provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the

provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines that

have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.

Because the EU Directive “Machines” does not consider railway specific problems of construction and maintenance

machines, additional requirements and verifications are necessary and these are dealt with in this document (see

6.2). Portable machines and trolleys for track construction and maintenance, which comply with these

requirements, receive a special marking in accordance with 6.5.3, in addition to the CE mark.

Technical characteristics, deviations or special national conditions will be the subject of special requirements of the

infrastructure manager controller and/or negotiation between the user and the manufacturer, see annex G.

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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)
1 Scope
1.1 General

This document deals with the technical requirements to minimise the railway specific significant hazards of portable

machines and trolleys used for work on tracks as listed in clause 4 and annex A which can arise during the

commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of portable machines and trolleys when used as intended and

under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It does not deal with the general function of the machines (e.g.

cutting, drilling, grinding).

This document applies to portable machines and portable trolleys designed for work on the track with nominal track

gauges of 1 435 mm and 1 668 mm and clearance gauge as defined in annex B including cutting machines and

those designed for working on wooden sleepers.

This document does not apply to portable trolleys coupled together, whether or not self propelled, and trolleys used

for transporting personnel.

For portable machines and trolleys used on railway lines with a different clearance gauge to that defined in

annex B specific requirements concerning the clearance gauge may apply .
This document does not apply to the following:
 requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;

 regulations defined by each infrastructure controller for portable machine and trolley operation which shall

be the subject of negotiation between the user and the manufacturer;
 portable machines used from railway vehicles.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:

 operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing applications, high

temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic

fields);
 operation subject to special rules as potentially explosive atmospheres;
 electromagnetic compatibility, due to e.g. electronic components;
 hazards occurring during decommissioning and/or recycling;
 hazards due to vibration;
 hazards due to wind speed greater than 35 m/s;
 hazards due to natural causes e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding etc.
 noise.

NOTE Noise of machines which are dealt with by this document is regarded as a significant hazard. Noiseis not covered by

this document but will be dealt with in an Amendment to the first edition of this standard. This Amendment will give:

 clauses dealing with noise emission according to EN 1746.

 a noise test code using as a basis for preparation the designation of noise-emission according to the requirements of

the Machinery-Directive 98/37/EC, annex I, clause 1.7.4f.
1.2 Validity of this document

This document applies to portable machines and trolleys that are ordered after the date of publication of this

standard.
1) E.g. the specific rules of the infrastructure manager.
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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references,

only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any

amendments) applies.

EN 457, Safety of machinery — Auditory danger signals — General requirements, design and testing (ISO

7731:1986, modified).

EN 982, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components — Hydraulics.

EN 983, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components — Pneumatics.

EN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery — Principles for risk assessment.
EN 1837, Safety of machinery — Integral lighting of machines.

EN 60204-1, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC

60204-1:1997) .

EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery – Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 1: Basic

terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003).

EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery – Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 2: Technical

principles (ISO 12100-2:2003).

ISO 3864-1:2002, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 1: Design principles for safety

signs in workplaces and public areas.

ISO 3864-2:2002, Graphical symbols —- Safety colours and safety signs — Part 2: Design principles for product

safety labels.

ISO 6405-1, Earth-moving machinery — Symbols for operator controls and other displays — Part 1: Common

symbols.

ISO 6405-2, Earth-moving machinery — Symbols for operator controls and other displays — Part 2: Specific

symbols for machines, equipment and accessories.
UIC 505-1:1997, Railway transport stock — Rolling stock construction gauge.
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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100-1:2003, EN ISO 12100-2:2003

and the following apply.
3.1
portable machine

machine designed or adapted to be worked on the track, transportable by hand with or without trolleys or separate

supports for movement on rail(s), and be operated by internal combustion, electrical, mechanical, hydraulic,

pneumatic energy sources or from an external supply. It is designed so that the machine and/or its separate

component parts may be manually placed on or off the track
3.2
portable trolley

equipment for transport of materials, tools and/or various equipment moving on wheels or runners and operated

either by human force or by an energy source. It is designed so that it can be manually placed on or off the track

3.3
type verification

procedure for verification of the conformity of the type of portable machine or trolley to the requirements of this

standard
3.4
declaration of type verification

document issued after tests, which certifies suitability of the technical design for the operation of a portable

machine or trolley
3.5
conformity to type

procedure for verification of the conformity of the individual portable machine or trolley to the machine or trolley

which underwent type verification
3.6
stability coefficient
ratio of restoring moment to overturning moment
4 List of significant hazards
The risks referred to in this document are listed in annex A.
5 Safety requirements and/or safety measures
5.1 General

Portable machines and trolleys shall conform to the requirements and/or safety measures of this clause.

In addition the portable machine and trolley shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100 for

hazards relevant but not significant which are not dealt with by this document (e.g. sharp edges).

For the application of type B standards EN 60204-1, EN 982, EN 983, EN 457 the manufacturer shall carry out a

risk assessment thereof where choice is necessary. This specific risk assessment is part of the general risk

assessment relating to the hazards not covered by the present document.
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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)
5.2 Handling devices
5.2.1 Handles used for handling and/or control

The handles used for handling and/or control shall be sufficient for the mass of the portable machine or the trolley

and to allow removal of the portable machine or the trolley from the track.

The handles are to be positioned to ensure the sharing of the weight equally. The weight on each handle shall not

exceed 25 kg.

The handles shall be positioned at least 400 mm above the standing level of the operator and shall be freely

reached in the vertical direction.

If one of the above requirements cannot be fulfilled the mass per handle shall not exceed 10 kg.

Handles shall be designed as encircling handles, the diameter of material of the grip shall be between

20 mm and 30 mm and the grip opening shall have a minimum length of 250 mm and a minimum width of 50 mm.

The handles shall be positioned so that they are inside the vertical limits of the gauge indicated in annex B with the

operator in the work position intended by the manufacturer (see 7.4.10).

When such handles are also used for control purposes they shall, when used for handling, be in the stop position.

If more than one person is recommended for putting the machine or trolley on or off the track the number of people

necessary shall be indicated on the portable machine or trolley as appropriate (see 7.6).

5.2.2 Additional handle, lifting points and securing points

If the portable machine or portable trolley weighs more than 25 kg, or it is not designed to be lifted by one person,

then an additional handle and a lifting point shall be provided suitable for the weight, for maintaining the equilibrium

of the machine and for preventing spillage of liquids (e.g. fuel, lubricants). For transport in vehicles points to secure

the machine shall be provided.
5.3 Wheels and rollers

The wheels and rollers used for moving and guidance of machines or trolleys on rail(s) shall:

 be arranged and in sufficient numbers to ensure the stability of the machine on the track (see 5.15);

 be shaped and of the correct width to ensure good guidance on the rails and to take account of gauges

between 1 430 mm and 1 470 mm with a 1 435 mm nominal gauge, and gauges 1 665 mm and 1 698 mm

with a 1 668 mm nominal gauge;
 not damage the electrical connections to the rails (see annex G);
 not damage signalling equipment (see annex G);

 allow the free running on rail through switches and crossings, level crossings and other installations.

Where this is not achievable the handbook (see 7.2) shall make an indication of this limitation.

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SIST EN 13977:2005
EN 13977:2005 (E)
5.4 Immobilisation device

To avoid the risk of running away, each portable machine (considered as an assembly) and trolley fitted with rail

wheels or rollers shall be capable of being immobilised either by an automatic brake or automatic transmission

brake or by design effective on a gradient as steep as 40 ‰.

Trolleys shall also be equipped with a braking device and release control (dead-man type) that can assure, at full

load and at a reference speed of 6 km/h, that the braking distance will not exceed the values indicated in Table 1.

This applies also to portable machines that can roll away when working.
Table 1 — Braking distances
Gradient i Maximum braking distance
Machines Trolleys
Dry rail Damp rail Dry rail Damp rail
0 < i < 15 3 5 6 10
15 < i < 25 4 6 8 12
25 < i < 40 5 7 10 14
5.5 Clamping and/or supporting devices

If portable machines and trolleys are fitted with clamping and/or supporting devices they shall:

 be able to resist vibrations and forces generated by the work of the machine.
They shall not cause:
 permanent deformation of these devices;
 reduction of the stability of the track;
 damage to the rails, sleepers, or track fastenings.
5.6 Power generation and transmission equipm
...

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