GRP tanks and vessels for use above ground - Part 3: Design and workmanship

This part of EN 13121 gives requirements for the design, fabrication, inspection, testing and verification of GRP tanks and vessels with or without thermoplastics lining for storage or processing of fluids, factory made or site built, non-pressurised or pressurised up to 10 bar, for use above ground.
The terms vessels and tanks as used in this part of EN 13121 include branches up to the point of connection to pipe work or other equipment by bolting and supports, brackets or other attachments bonded directly to the shell. In addition to the definitive requirements, this part of EN 13121 also requires the items in Clause 5 to be fully documented.
This part of EN 13121 covers vessels and tanks subject to temperatures between – 40 °C and 120 °C.
It is possible that future advances in resin technology would allow tanks and vessels to be considered for operating temperatures above 120 °C. Should such a situation arise and a manufacturer wishes to take advantage of such developments then all other requirements of this standard shall be maintained and such tanks and vessels shall only be designed in accordance with the advanced design method given in 7.9.2.
Excluded from this part of EN 13121 are:
-   tanks and vessels for the transport of fluids;
-   underground storage tanks;
-   spherical vessels;
-   vessels and tanks of irregular shape;
-   tanks and vessels with double containment;
-   tanks and vessels which are subject to the risk of explosion, or failure of which may cause an emission of radioactivity;
-   specification for fibre reinforced cisterns of one piece and sectional construction for the storage, above ground, of cold water. (see EN 13280:2001).-

Oberirdische GFK-Tanks und -Behälter - Teil 3: Auslegung und Herstellung

Dieser Teil der EN 13121 legt Anforderungen für Auslegung, Fertigung, Prüfung sowie Nachweis für oberirdische GFK-Tanks und -Behälter mit oder ohne thermoplastische(r) Auskleidung fest, die im Werk oder auf der Baustelle gefertigt und drucklos oder bis zu 10 bar druckbeaufschlagt sind und zur Lagerung oder Verarbeitung von Fluiden dienen.
Die Begriffe Behälter und Tank im Sinne dieses Teils der EN 13121 umfassen auch Abzweige bis zur Verbindung mit Rohrleitungen oder anderen Anlagenteilen, wie Verschraubungen, Stützen, Halterungen oder anderen Anbauteilen, die unmittelbar mit der Schale verbunden sind. Dieser Teil der EN 13121 verlangt neben den festgelegten Anforderungen auch die vollständige Dokumentation der in Abschnitt 5 angegebenen Unterlagen.
Dieser Teil der EN 13121 gilt für Behälter und Tanks, die Temperaturen zwischen −40 °C und 120 °C ausgesetzt sind.
Es ist möglich, dass Tanks und Behälter aufgrund der künftigen Entwicklungen auf dem Gebiet der Harz-technologie für Betriebstemperaturen über 120 °C geeignet sein werden. Sollte diese Situation eintreten und ein Hersteller sich diese Entwicklungen zu Nutze machen wollen, behalten alle anderen Anforderungen der Norm weiterhin ihre Gültigkeit, die Auslegung der betreffenden Tanks und Behälter muss jedoch ausschließ-lich nach dem in 7.9.2 angegebenen Verfahren erfolgen.
Dieser Teil der EN 13121 gilt nicht für:
 Tanks und Behälter für den Transport von Fluiden;
 unterirdische Lagertanks;
 kugelförmige Behälter;
 Behälter und Tanks mit unregelmäßiger Form;
 Tanks und Behälter mit doppelter Sicherheitshülle;
 Tanks und Behälter, die bei Explosion oder Undichtheit die Emission radioaktiver Strahlungen zur Folge haben können;
 einteilige und mehrteilige oberirdische faserverstärkte Tanks für die Lagerung von Kaltwasser (siehe EN 13280:2001).

Réservoirs et récipients en PRV pour applications hors sol - Partie 3 : Conception et fabrication

La présente partie de l’EN 13121 spécifie les exigences concernant la conception, la fabrication, le contrôle, les
essais et la vérification des réservoirs et des récipients en PRV avec ou sans revêtement en thermoplastique,
pour applications hors sol, destinés au stockage ou au traitement de fluides, fabriqués en atelier ou construits
sur site, non soumis à la pression ou soumis à une pression allant jusqu’à 10 bar.
Les termes récipients et réservoirs, tels qu’ils sont utilisés dans la présente partie de l’EN 13121, incluent les
tubulures jusqu’au point de raccordement à la tuyauterie ou à un autre équipement par boulonnage et les
supports, consoles ou autres attaches fixés directement sur l’enveloppe. Outre les exigences qui sont
imposées, la présente partie de l’EN 13121 exige également que les points de l’Article 5 soient complètement
documentés.
La présente partie de l’EN 13121 couvre les réservoirs et les récipients soumis à des températures comprises
entre – 40 °C et + 120 °C.
Il est possible que les futurs progrès dans le domaine de la technologie des résines permettent d’envisager
l’utilisation de réservoirs et de récipients à des températures de service supérieures à + 120 °C. Si une telle
situation devait se présenter et qu’un fabricant souhaite profiter de tels développements, alors toutes les autres
exigences de la norme doivent être maintenues et de tels réservoirs et récipients doivent être conçus
uniquement conformément à la méthode de conception avancée donnée en 7.9.2.
Sont exclus de la présente partie de l’EN 13121 :
¾ les réservoirs et récipients destinés au transport des fluides ;
¾ les réservoirs de stockage enterrés ;
¾ les récipients sphériques ;
¾ les récipients et réservoirs de forme irrégulière ;
¾ les réservoirs et récipients à double enveloppe ;
¾ les réservoirs et récipients qui sont soumis à un risque d’explosion ou dont la défaillance risque de causer
une émission radioactive ;
¾ la spécification relative aux citernes renforcées par des fibres, construites en une pièce ou à partir de
plusieurs éléments, destinées au stockage de l’eau froide, hors sol (voir l’EN 13280:2001).

Nadzemni rezervoarji in posode iz umetnih mas, ojačanih s steklenimi vlakni - 3. del: Konstruiranje in izdelava

Ta del standarda EN 13121 podaja zahteve za projektiranje, izdelavo, pregled, preskušanje in preverjanje nadzemnih rezervoarjev in posod iz umetnih mas, ojačanih s steklenimi vlakni, z ali brez termoplastične obloge, za skladiščenje ali obdelavo tekočin, ki so industrijsko pripravljeni ali zgrajeni na mestu uporabe ter niso pod tlakom ali so pod največjim tlakom 10 barov.
Izraza posode in rezervoarji, kot se uporabljata v tem delu standarda EN 13121, vključujeta razvejitve do točke priključitve na cevno napeljavo ali drugo opremo z vijaki in oporniki, nosilci ali drugimi priključki, ki so vezani neposredno na ogrodje. Poleg dokončnih zahtev ta del standarda EN 13121 zahteva tudi, da so postavke v 5. točki v celoti dokumentirane.
Ta del standarda EN 13121 zajema posode in rezervoarje, ki so izpostavljeni temperaturam od –40 °C do 120 °C.
Tehnologija na področju smole bo v prihodnje morda napredovala do te mere, da bo omogočala uporabo rezervoarjev in posod pri temperaturah nad 120 °C. Če se bo to zgodilo in se takrat proizvajalec odloči, da bo takšen napredek izkoristil, vse druge zahteve iz tega standarda ostanejo v veljavi, takšni rezervoarji in posode pa morajo biti zasnovani samo v skladu z metodo napredne zasnove iz točke 7.9.2.
Ta del standarda EN 13121 ne zajema:
– rezervoarjev in posod za transport tekočin;
– podzemnih rezervoarjev;
– sferičnih posod;
– posod in rezervoarjev nepravilne oblike;
– rezervoarjev in posod z ojačano hrambo;
– rezervoarjev in posod, pri katerih obstaja nevarnost eksplozije ali okvare, ki lahko povzroči radioaktivne emisije;
– specifikacije za z vlakni ojačene cisterne v enem kosu in sestavljive cisterne za nadzemno skladiščenje hladne vode (glej standard EN 13280:2001).

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
05-Oct-2014
Publication Date
04-May-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-Apr-2016
Due Date
24-Jun-2016
Completion Date
05-May-2016

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13121-3:2016
01-junij-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13121-3:2008+A1:2010
SIST EN 13121-3:2008+A1:2010/AC:2011
1DG]HPQLUH]HUYRDUMLLQSRVRGHL]XPHWQLKPDVRMDþDQLKVVWHNOHQLPLYODNQL
GHO.RQVWUXLUDQMHLQL]GHODYD
GRP tanks and vessels for use above ground - Part 3: Design and workmanship
Oberirdische GFK-Tanks und -Behälter - Teil 3: Auslegung und Herstellung

Réservoirs et récipients en PRV pour applications hors sol - Partie 3 : Conception et

fabrication
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13121-3:2016
ICS:
23.020.10 1HSUHPLþQHSRVRGHLQ Stationary containers and
UH]HUYRDUML tanks
SIST EN 13121-3:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13121-3:2016
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SIST EN 13121-3:2016
EN 13121-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 23.020.10 Supersedes EN 13121-3:2008+A1:2010
English Version
GRP tanks and vessels for use above ground - Part 3:
Design and workmanship

Réservoirs et récipients en PRV pour applications hors Oberirdische GFK-Tanks und -Behälter - Teil 3:

sol - Partie 3 : Conception et fabrication Auslegung und Herstellung
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 January 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13121-3:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13121-3:2016
EN 13121-3:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................. 10

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................. 12

4 Symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................................................... 13

5 Information and requirements to be supplied and documented................................................ 16

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

5.2 Information to be obtained by the manufacturer ............................................................................. 16

5.3 Information to be prepared by the manufacturer ............................................................................ 17

5.4 Final documentation ................................................................................................................................... 18

6 Material ............................................................................................................................................................ 18

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.2 Chemical protective barrier ..................................................................................................................... 18

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.2.2 Thermoplastics linings ............................................................................................................................... 18

6.2.3 Resin based linings ...................................................................................................................................... 18

6.3 Flammability .................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.4 Electrical resistivity ..................................................................................................................................... 19

7 Mechanical properties ................................................................................................................................ 19

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.2 Heat deflection temperature .................................................................................................................... 19

7.3 Laminate construction ................................................................................................................................ 19

7.4 Laminate thickness ...................................................................................................................................... 21

7.5 Laminate properties .................................................................................................................................... 21

7.6 Inter-laminar shear strength ................................................................................................................... 21

7.6.1 Laminate .......................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.6.2 Thermoplastics linings ............................................................................................................................... 21

7.7 Peel strength of laminates ......................................................................................................................... 22

7.8 Pull-off strength of laminates and thermoplastic liner .................................................................. 22

7.9 Selection of physical properties of materials and allowable design factors ........................... 22

7.9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 22

7.9.2 Basic design .................................................................................................................................................... 22

7.9.3 Advanced design ........................................................................................................................................... 23

7.9.4 Design factors ................................................................................................................................................ 24

7.9.5 Overall design factors K and F .................................................................................................................. 24

8 Determination of design strain and loadings ..................................................................................... 27

8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27

8.2 Limit design strains ..................................................................................................................................... 28

8.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28

8.2.2 Limit resin strain ε .................................................................................................................................... 28

8.2.3 Limit strain for laminate or lamina ε ............................................................................................... 28

lim

8.2.4 Limit test strain ε ..................................................................................................................................... 29

test

8.3 Limit design laminate loadings ............................................................................................................... 29

8.4 Determination of the mechanical values from laminates .............................................................. 29

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EN 13121-3:2016 (E)

8.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

8.4.2 Calculation of laminate values without experimental test data .................................................. 29

8.4.3 Laminate with experimental data .......................................................................................................... 30

8.5 Laminate thickness ...................................................................................................................................... 30

9 Design ............................................................................................................................................................... 30

9.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 30

9.2 Determination of external loads ............................................................................................................. 31

9.2.1 Snow loads ....................................................................................................................................................... 31

9.2.2 Wind loads ....................................................................................................................................................... 31

9.2.3 Seismic loads .................................................................................................................................................. 32

9.2.4 Insulation loads ............................................................................................................................................. 33

9.2.5 Loads resulting from connections .......................................................................................................... 33

9.2.6 Agitation ........................................................................................................................................................... 34

9.2.7 Pressure due to inadequate venting ...................................................................................................... 34

9.2.8 Personnel loading ......................................................................................................................................... 34

9.2.9 Internal stresses in vessels and tanks due temperatures .............................................................. 34

9.3 Verification by the partial factor method ............................................................................................ 34

9.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34

9.3.2 Dimensioning by using (A⋅γ)-factored loads ..................................................................................... 40

9.4 Drawings and design calculations .......................................................................................................... 41

9.5 Design details ................................................................................................................................................. 41

9.5.1 Design temperature TS ............................................................................................................................... 41

9.5.2 Pressure ........................................................................................................................................................... 41

10 Design analysis .............................................................................................................................................. 42

10.1 Symbols and units ......................................................................................................................................... 42

10.2 Vertical vessels or tanks, cylinders under loads (t < 0,01∙D) ....................................................... 44

10.2.1 Circumferential loadings ........................................................................................................................... 44

10.2.2 Combined axial loading .............................................................................................................................. 45

10.3 Cylindrical shells subject to compressive loadings — critical buckling criteria ................... 46

10.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 46

10.3.2 Critical axial buckling load ........................................................................................................................ 46

10.3.3 Critical circumferential buckling pressure ......................................................................................... 47

10.3.4 Combined axial and radial compressive loadings ............................................................................ 48

10.3.5 Critical buckling pressure for cylindrical shell stiffened with external or internal rings . 49

10.4 Conical shells .................................................................................................................................................. 50

10.4.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................. 50

10.4.2 Shallow conical ends .................................................................................................................................... 52

10.4.3 Conical ends subject to internal pressure ........................................................................................... 52

10.4.4 Conical ends subject to external pressure ........................................................................................... 54

10.4.5 Shell conical covers ...................................................................................................................................... 56

10.5 Dished end ....................................................................................................................................................... 57

10.5.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................. 57

10.5.2 Dished ends subject to internal pressure ............................................................................................ 58

10.5.3 Stability for dished ends subject to external pressure ................................................................... 59

10.6 Design of flat bottoms and skirts for vertical tanks and vessels ................................................. 60

10.6.1 Definitions ....................................................................................................................................................... 60

10.6.2 Fully supported, flat bottom tanks ......................................................................................................... 60

10.6.3 Vessels with flat bases subjected to pressure .................................................................................... 67

10.6.4 Dished bottom and conical bottom configurations .......................................................................... 67

10.7 Circumferential seams for cylindrical joints ...................................................................................... 77

10.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 77

10.7.2 Construction without thermoplastics liner ......................................................................................... 79

10.7.3 Construction with thermoplastics liner ............................................................................................... 79

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10.8 Openings, branches and compensating laminate ............................................................................. 79

10.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 79

10.8.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 80

10.8.3 Compensation requirements for openings ......................................................................................... 80

10.8.4 Pull out load from nozzles ......................................................................................................................... 87

10.8.5 Prevention of failure in peel ..................................................................................................................... 87

10.8.6 Pad connections ............................................................................................................................................ 87

10.8.7 Screwed connections ................................................................................................................................... 89

10.8.8 Access and inspecting openings .............................................................................................................. 89

10.8.9 Gusset on branches ...................................................................................................................................... 89

10.9 Flat Panels or Blind flanges....................................................................................................................... 89

10.9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 89

10.9.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 90

10.9.3 Circular panels ............................................................................................................................................... 90

10.10 Horizontal tanks and vessels .................................................................................................................... 93

10.10.1 Types of supports ................................................................................................................................. 93

10.10.2 Symbols .................................................................................................................................................... 95

10.10.3 Unit loads of the cylindrical shell ................................................................................................... 96

10.10.4 Unit loads on saddle position ........................................................................................................ 103

10.10.5 Unit loads for horizontal loads at the vessel ........................................................................... 109

10.11 Large diameter pipes and pipe fittings .............................................................................................. 110

10.11.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 110

10.11.2 Joints ...................................................................................................................................................... 111

10.11.3 Elbows ................................................................................................................................................... 112

10.11.4 Large cut-outs and Tees .................................................................................................................. 112

11 Bolted flange connections ...................................................................................................................... 115

11.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 115

11.2 Full face flanges design ............................................................................................................................ 121

11.2.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 121

11.2.2 Symbols ......................................................................................................................................................... 122

11.2.3 Pipe loads on flanges ................................................................................................................................ 124

11.2.4 Gasket load and bolt torque................................................................................................................... 124

11.2.5 Summary of loads ...................................................................................................................................... 125

11.2.6 Total bending moment ............................................................................................................................ 125

11.2.7 Flange design............................................................................................................................................... 125

11.2.8 Flange slope ................................................................................................................................................. 127

11.3 Stub flange design with backing ring ................................................................................................. 133

11.3.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 133

11.3.2 Loads, bending moment and design for backing ring made of steel or GRP ........................ 134

11.3.3 Stub flange loadings .................................................................................................................................. 135

11.3.4 Stub shear interface design.................................................................................................................... 135

11.3.5 Stub end or flange design ........................................................................................................................ 135

11.3.6 Seating stress .............................................................................................................................................. 136

11.4 Butt and strap jointed flanges at vessels or tanks ......................................................................... 138

12 Supports for vessels and tanks ............................................................................................................. 138

12.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 138

12.2 Supports and mountings for tanks and vessels .............................................................................. 139

12.2.1 General considerations for supports .................................................................................................. 139

12.2.2 Supports for vertical vessels ................................................................................................................. 139

13 Seismic loading ........................................................................................................................................... 145

14 Design calculation for tank and vessel anchorage ........................................................................ 145

14.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 145

14.2 Design for uplift.......................................................................................................................................... 145

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EN 13121-3:2016 (E)

14.3 Design for anchor bolts............................................................................................................................ 145

15 Structures and fittings ............................................................................................................................. 149

15.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 149

15.2 Internal structures and fittings ............................................................................................................ 149

15.3 External structures and fittings............................................................................................................ 149

15.4 Lifting devices ............................................................................................................................................. 149

16 Local load analysis .................................................................................................................................... 154

17 Quality Control............................................................................................................................................ 154

17.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 154

17.2 Works requirements ................................................................................................................................ 154

17.2.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 154

17.2.2 Raw materials storage ............................................................................................................................. 154

17.2.3 Manufacturing area ................................................................................................................................... 154

17.2.4 Conditions for laminating ....................................................................................................................... 154

17.3 Documentation to be prepared by the manufacturer .................................................................. 155

17.3.1 Technical documentation ....................................................................................................................... 155

17.3.2 Records and documentation requirements for raw materials ................................................. 155

17.3.3 Manufacturing documentation requirements ................................................................................ 156

17.3.4 Quality control documentation requirements ................................................................................ 156

17.4 Manufacture...............................................................
...

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