Railway applications - Air conditioning for main line rolling stock - Comfort parameters and type tests

This European Standard applies to main line rail vehicles carrying passengers. It does not apply to suburban vehicles, metros, tramways and driver`s cabs.
This European Standard establishes comfort parameters for compartments or saloons (single level or double-decker).
These comfort parameters apply in a similar way to the areas reserved for train staff.
The standard also specifies the conditions and the comfort parameter measurement methods for compartments or saloons.

Bahnanwendungen - Luftbehandlung in Schienenfahrzeugen des Fernverkehrs - Behaglichkeitsparameter und Typprüfung

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Schienenfahrzeuge des Fernverkehrs zur Beförderung von Personen; davon ausgenommen sind Vorortbahnen, U-Bahnen, Straßenbahnen und Führerräume.
Diese Europäische Norm legt Behaglichkeitsparameter für Abteile und Großräume (ein- oder doppelstöckig) fest.
Diese Behaglichkeitsparameter gelten sinngemäß für Räume, die für das Zugbegleitpersonal bestimmt sind.
Die Norm legt ebenfalls Bedingungen und Messverfahren zum Nachweis der Behaglichkeitsparameter für Abteile und Großräume fest.

Applications ferroviaires - Conditionnement de l'air pour matériel roulant grandes lignes - Paramètres de bien-être et essais de type

La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux véhicules ferroviaires de grandes lignes transportant des voyageurs. Elle ne s'applique pas aux véhicules de banlieue, métros, tramways et cabines de conduite.
La présente Norme européenne précise les paramètres de bien-être des compartiments ou salles (à un seul ou deux niveaux).
Les paramètres de bien-être s’appliquent d’une façon analogue aux locaux réservés au personnel d’accompagnement du train.
La norme précise également les conditions et les méthodes de mesure des paramètres de bien-être des compartiments ou salles.

Železniške naprave - Klimatske naprave za železniška vozila za dolge proge - Parametri za določevanje udobja in tipski preskus

Ta evropski standard se uporablja za železniška vozila glavnih železniških prog, ki prevažajo potnike. Ne uporablja se za vozila za primestni železniški promet, metroje, tramvaje in voznikove kabine.
Ta evropski standard vzpostavlja parametre za določevanje udobja za kupeje ali salonske vagone (eno- ali dvonadstropne).
Ti parametri za določevanje udobja se podobno uporabljajo za prostore, namenjene izključno vlakovnemu osebju.
Standard določa tudi pogoje in metode meritve parametrov za določevanje udobja za kupeje ali salonske vagone.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Jan-2014
Publication Date
27-Sep-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Sep-2016
Due Date
06-Nov-2016
Completion Date
28-Sep-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13129:2016
01-november-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13129-1:2004
SIST EN 13129-2:2004
äHOH]QLãNHQDSUDYH.OLPDWVNHQDSUDYH]DåHOH]QLãNDYR]LOD]DGROJHSURJH
3DUDPHWUL]DGRORþHYDQMHXGREMDLQWLSVNLSUHVNXV

Railway applications - Air conditioning for main line rolling stock - Comfort parameters

and type tests
Bahnanwendungen - Luftbehandlung in Schienenfahrzeugen des Fernverkehrs -
Behaglichkeitsparameter und Typprüfung

Applications ferroviaires - Conditionnement de l'air pour matériel roulant grandes lignes -

Paramètres de bien-être et essais de type
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13129:2016
ICS:
23.120 =UDþQLNL9HWUQLNL.OLPDWVNH Ventilators. Fans. Air-
QDSUDYH conditioners
45.060.01 Železniška vozila na splošno Railway rolling stock in
general
SIST EN 13129:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13129:2016
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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 45.060.20 Supersedes EN 13129-1:2002, EN 13129-2:2004
English Version
Railway applications - Air conditioning for main line
rolling stock - Comfort parameters and type tests

Applications ferroviaires - Conditionnement de l'air Bahnanwendungen - Luftbehandlung in

pour matériel roulant grandes lignes - Paramètres de Schienenfahrzeugen des Fernverkehrs -

bien-être et essais de type Behaglichkeitsparameter und Typprüfung
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 May 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13129:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Compliance with the standard................................................................................................................. 12

5 Comfort parameters .................................................................................................................................... 13

6 Quality limits ................................................................................................................................................. 13

7 Service conditions ........................................................................................................................................ 14

7.1 Exterior conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 14

7.1.1 Design conditions ......................................................................................................................................... 14

7.1.2 Extreme conditions ..................................................................................................................................... 15

7.2 Interior conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 15

8 Performance of the heating and cooling installations .................................................................... 16

8.1 Preheating ...................................................................................................................................................... 16

8.2 Heating ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

8.3 Precooling ....................................................................................................................................................... 16

8.4 Cooling.............................................................................................................................................................. 16

8.5 Stand by operation ....................................................................................................................................... 17

8.6 Door opening sequence ............................................................................................................................. 17

8.7 Degraded mode operation ........................................................................................................................ 17

9 Control .............................................................................................................................................................. 17

9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

9.2 Interior temperature setting ................................................................................................................... 17

9.3 Quality of regulation ................................................................................................................................... 18

9.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

9.3.2 Changing the interior temperature setting ........................................................................................ 18

9.3.3 Changing test parameter(s) ...................................................................................................................... 19

9.3.4 Stabilized conditions ................................................................................................................................... 20

10 Comfort conditions to be respected ...................................................................................................... 22

10.1 Parameters in the comfort envelope .................................................................................................... 22

10.1.1 Temperatures in the comfort zones ...................................................................................................... 22

10.1.2 Temperatures of the surfaces surrounding the comfort envelope ............................................ 23

10.1.3 Humidity of the air ....................................................................................................................................... 24

10.1.4 Air speed .......................................................................................................................................................... 25

10.1.5 Air quality ....................................................................................................................................................... 26

10.2 Parameters in the annex areas ................................................................................................................ 28

10.3 Interior parameters in the catering service areas (galley zone) ................................................ 29

10.4 Limits of temperature values ................................................................................................................... 29

11 Supplementary requirements ................................................................................................................. 30

11.1 Heat transfer coefficient ............................................................................................................................ 30

11.2 Solar factor (g) of the windows ............................................................................................................... 30

11.3 Cleaning of air conditioning installation ............................................................................................. 30

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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129:2016 (E)

12 Air movement tests ...................................................................................................................................... 30

12.1 Air flow tests at standstill .......................................................................................................................... 30

12.1.1 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 30

12.1.2 Air flow rates .................................................................................................................................................. 30

12.1.3 Visualization of the air flow direction ................................................................................................... 31

12.2 Air flow tests when driving ....................................................................................................................... 31

12.3 Air speed tests ................................................................................................................................................ 31

12.3.1 Critical air speed ........................................................................................................................................... 31

12.3.2 Measurement of air speed during the climatic tests ........................................................................ 31

13 Climatic tests .................................................................................................................................................. 31

13.1 General remarks ........................................................................................................................................... 31

13.2 Preheating test .............................................................................................................................................. 32

13.3 Precooling test ............................................................................................................................................... 32

13.4 Regulation tests ............................................................................................................................................. 32

13.4.1 Steady-state tests .......................................................................................................................................... 32

13.4.2 Intermediate tests ........................................................................................................................................ 33

13.4.3 Tests for typical daily profiles ................................................................................................................. 33

13.5 Functionality tests ........................................................................................................................................ 33

14 Supplementary tests .................................................................................................................................... 34

14.1 Determination of the heat transfer coefficient .................................................................................. 34

14.1.1 Purpose of the test ........................................................................................................................................ 34

14.1.2 Calculation ...................................................................................................................................................... 34

14.1.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 34

14.2 Thermography ............................................................................................................................................... 35

15 Methods of measurement − Measuring instruments ....................................................................... 35

15.1 General remarks ........................................................................................................................................... 35

15.2 Temperatures ................................................................................................................................................ 35

15.2.1 Air temperature ............................................................................................................................................ 35

15.2.2 Surface temperatures .................................................................................................................................. 35

15.3 Relative humidity ......................................................................................................................................... 35

15.4 Air speed .......................................................................................................................................................... 35

15.5 Airflow rate ..................................................................................................................................................... 35

15.6 Simulated speed of the vehicle ................................................................................................................ 35

15.7 Equivalent solar energy ............................................................................................................................. 36

15.8 Energy consumption and power rating ................................................................................................ 36

16 Characteristics of the test equipment ................................................................................................... 36

16.1 General remarks ........................................................................................................................................... 36

16.2 Occupation ...................................................................................................................................................... 36

16.3 Temperature and uniformity of the climatic chamber ................................................................... 36

16.4 Relative humidity ......................................................................................................................................... 36

16.5 Simulation of wind speed .......................................................................................................................... 36

16.6 Equivalent solar energy ............................................................................................................................. 37

17 Distribution of measuring points ........................................................................................................... 37

17.1 Distribution of sensors in the vehicle ................................................................................................... 37

17.1.1 Comfort envelope temperature measuring points ........................................................................... 37

17.1.2 Surface temperature measuring points ............................................................................................... 37

17.1.3 Supply air outlet temperature measuring points ............................................................................. 38

17.1.4 Comfort envelope air speed measuring points .................................................................................. 38

17.1.5 Comfort envelope relative humidity measuring points ................................................................. 38

17.2 Climatic chamber sensors distribution ................................................................................................ 38

Annex A (informative) Grouping of countries in climatic zones ................................................................. 39

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EN 13129:2016 (E)

Annex B (normative) Calculation method of the overall conformity level CL ....................................... 40

Annex C (normative) Tests for verification of comfort parameters ......................................................... 43

Annex D (normative) Equivalent solar energy (Simulation of solar exposure) ................................... 53

Annex E (normative) Location of the measuring points used for the determination of the

mean interior temperature in the comfort envelope (T ), horizontal range of the
extreme interior air temperatures and the measuring point location in the local

annexes ............................................................................................................................................................ 54

Annex F (normative) Location of the measuring points used for the determination of the

vertical ranges of the extreme interior air temperatures and relative humidity

across the comfort envelope .................................................................................................................... 56

Annex G (normative) Location of the measuring points used for the determination of the

variation of internal temperatures within the comfort envelope .............................................. 58

Annex H (informative) Location of the sensors in the climatic chamber ................................................ 60

Annex I (normative) Typical daily profiles ........................................................................................................ 61

Annex J (normative) Heat emission per person ............................................................................................... 73

Annex K (informative) Abbreviations .................................................................................................................. 75

........................................................................................ 75

K.1 Surface temperatures: TS__Range_Surface concerned

K.2 Airflow: V� ........................................................................................................................................ 75

_Type of airflo

K.3 Range of temperature: ΔT ...................................................................................................... 75

_Mode_Location

K.4 Gradients: ΔT ......................................................................................................... 76

Type of gradient_Range_Location

K.5 Others ............................................................................................................................................................... 76

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC........................................................................................ 77

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 79

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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13129:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2017, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 13129-1:2002 and EN 13129-2:2004.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2008/57/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129:2016 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard establishes comfort parameters of air conditioning for passenger

compartments or saloons of railway vehicles (single level or double-decker). These comfort parameters

apply in a similar way to the areas reserved for train staff.

The European Standard also specifies conditions, performance values and the comfort parameter

measurement methods for compartments or saloons.

This European Standard is applicable to main line rail vehicles. It does not apply to suburban vehicles,

metros, tramways and driver's cabs.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the cited edition applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 7726:2001, Ergonomics of the thermal environment - Instruments for measuring physical

quantities (ISO 7726:1998)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
comfort

agreeable sensation perceived by a person concerning his or her climatic environment

3.2
air conditioning installation

equipment intended for ventilation and/or heating and/or cooling and/or filtration

3.3
forced air ventilation
air circulation generated by a mechanical action
3.4
natural ventilation
air circulation generated without mechanical action
3.5
preheating

process which enables the interior temperatures to be raised without the presence of passengers

3.6
precooling

process which enables the interior temperatures to be lowered without the presence of passengers

3.7
heating
process which enables the interior temperatures to be raised or maintained
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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129:2016 (E)
3.8
cooling
process which enables the interior temperatures to be lowered or maintained
3.9
dehumidifcation
process which reduces the absolute humidity of the interior air
3.10
air conditioning device
device which includes ventilation, heating, cooling and/or dehumidification
3.11
heating and ventilation device
device which includes ventilation and heating
NOTE The numbers correspond to the following definitions.
Figure 1 — Diagram explaining certain railway terms

Note 1 to entry: This representation is only given as an example and does not prejudice the design of the

installation.
3.12
air handling unit

group of components designed to move, filter and/or mix, heat and/or cool the air

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 12.
3.13
cooling unit

system that carries out the cooling function in a centralized and/or decentralized manner

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 13.
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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129:2016 (E)
3.14
principal heating unit

system that carries out the heating function in a centralized and/or decentralized manner with the use

of heating elements

Note 1 to entry: It is possible that the heating elements are either associated with forced air ventilation or not.

Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1, No 14.
3.15
auxiliary heating unit
de-centralized heating element(s) for adding heat locally
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 15.
3.16
fresh air
air taken from outside the vehicle
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 16.
3.17
room air
air contained in a specified space
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 17.
3.18
recirculated or return air
air taken from the interior of a specified space and re-used
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 18.
3.19
mixed air
combination of fresh air and recirculated air
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 19.
3.20
treated or conditioned air
air that has been filtered

Note 1 to entry: It is possible that the air can have had energy exchanged as it passed through the air handling

unit.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1, No 20.
3.21
primary air
quantity of treated air entering the ducts
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 21.
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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129:2016 (E)
3.22
supply air
treated air supplied to a specified space
Note 1 to entry: The treated can be combined with some induced air.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1, No 22.
3.23
induced air
room air that is taken and re-used locally without additional conditioning
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 23.
3.24
transfer air
air leaving a specified area
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 24.
3.25
exhaust air
air rejected outside the vehicle
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, No 25.
3.26
interior temperature setting
target temperature to be achieved by the room air
3.27
mean interior temperature

arithmetic mean of the interior air temperatures measured 1,1 m above the floor unless specified

differently
Note 1 to entry: Refer to normative Annex E.
3.28
mean exterior temperature

arithmetic mean of the exterior air temperatures measured at minimum 0,1 m away from car body

Note 1 to entry: Refer to 17.2.
3.29
control settling time
maximum allowed time for achieving stabilized condition after a change of T
3.30
system reaction time

maximum allowed time for achieving stabilized conditions after a parameter change

EXAMPLE T , wind speed, solar load, occupation.
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SIST EN 13129:2016
EN 13129:2016 (E)
3.31
comfort envelope

compartment or saloon areas normally occupied by passengers, including bar areas and aisles

3.32
comfort zone
subset of the comfort envelope such as compartments or other areas
3.33
horizontal range of the extreme interior air temperatures

absolute difference of the extreme interior air temperatures measured at 1,1 m from the floor

Note 1 to entry: Refer to normative Annex E.
3.34
vertical range of the extreme interior air temperatures

absolute difference of the extreme interior air temperatures in vertical direction at different heights

Note 1 to entry: Refer to normative Annex F and normative Annex G.
3.35
local annexe
place where passengers stay temporarily
EXAMPLE Side corridors, vestibules, wash rooms, WCs, nursery, gangways.
3.36
catering service area

space or compartment reserved for staff specializing in the preparation and/or sale of food

3.37
heat transfer coefficient

ratio between the density of the heat flow rate per unit of surface area and the prevailing difference in

temperature T and T across the relevant walls of the vehicle
im em

Note 1 to entry: The coefficient k takes account of the efficiency of the insulation of the exterior walls and the

effect of the infiltration of air caused by the non-airtightness of the vehicle in motion (doors, windows, various

openings) and is applicable to all or part of the vehicle.
Note 2 to entry: This value is expressed in W/(m K).
3.38
total solar energy transmittance
solar factor
ratio between the overall energy flow transmitted to the int
...

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