Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS) - The Testing and Test Control Notation version 3 - Part 1: TTCN-3 Core Language

The present document defines the Core Language of TTCN-3. TTCN-3 can be used for the specification of all types of
reactive system tests over a variety of communication ports. Typical areas of application are protocol testing (including
mobile and Internet protocols), service testing (including supplementary services), module testing, testing of CORBA®
based platforms, APIs, etc. TTCN-3 is not restricted to conformance testing and can be used for many other kinds of
testing including interoperability, robustness, regression, system and integration testing. The specification of test suites
for physical layer protocols is outside the scope of the present document.
TTCN-3 is intended to be used for the specification of test suites which are independent of test methods, layers and
protocols. In addition to the textual format defined in the present document, while GFT (ETSI ES 201 873-3 [i.2])
defines a graphical presentation format for TTCN-3. The specification of these formats is outside the scope of the
present document.
While the design of TTCN-3 has taken the eventual implementation of TTCN-3 translators and compilers into
consideration the means of realization of Executable Test Suites (ETS) from Abstract Test Suites (ATS) is outside the
scope of the present document.

Metode za preskušanje in specificiranje (MTS) - 3. različica zapisa preskušanja in krmiljenja preskusov - 1. del: Jedrni jezik TTCN-3

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-May-2022
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-May-2022
Due Date
14-Jul-2022
Completion Date
17-May-2022

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ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)
ETSI STANDARD
Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS);
The Testing and Test Control Notation version 3;
Part 1: TTCN-3 Core Language
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)
Reference
RES/MTS-201873-1v4.14.1
Keywords
language, methodology, testing, TTCN-3
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - APE 7112B
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° w061004871
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx

If you find a security vulnerability in the present document, please report it through our

Coordinated Vulnerability Disclosure Program:
https://www.etsi.org/standards/coordinated-vulnerability-disclosure
Notice of disclaimer & limitation of liability

The information provided in the present deliverable is directed solely to professionals who have the appropriate degree of

experience to understand and interpret its content in accordance with generally accepted engineering or

other professional standard and applicable regulations.

No recommendation as to products and services or vendors is made or should be implied.

No representation or warranty is made that this deliverable is technically accurate or sufficient or conforms to any law

n or warranty is made of merchantability or fitness
and/or governmental rule and/or regulation and further, no representatio

for any particular purpose or against infringement of intellectual property rights.

In no event shall ETSI be held liable for loss of profits or any other incidental or consequential damages.

Any software contained in this deliverable is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, express or implied, including but not

limited to, the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement of intellectual property

rights and ETSI shall not be held liable in any event for any damages whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages

for loss of profits, business interruption, loss of information, or any other pecuniary loss) arising out of or related to the use

of or inability to use the software.
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2022.
All rights reserved.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ...................................................................................................................... 13

Foreword ................................................................................................................................................... 13

Modal verbs terminology .......................................................................................................................... 14

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................................. 15

2 References ...................................................................................................................................... 15

2.1 Normative references .............................................................................................................................. 15

2.2 Informative references ............................................................................................................................. 15

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ............................................................................. 17

3.1 Terms ....................................................................................................................................................... 17

3.2 Symbols ................................................................................................................................................... 23

3.3 Abbreviations .......................................................................................................................................... 23

4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 24

4.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 24

4.1 The core language and presentation formats ........................................................................................... 25

4.2 Unanimity of the specification ................................................................................................................ 26

4.3 Conformance ........................................................................................................................................... 26

5 Basic language elements ................................................................................................................ 27

5.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 27

5.1 Identifiers and keywords ......................................................................................................................... 28

5.2 Scope rules .............................................................................................................................................. 28

5.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 28

5.2.1 Scope of formal parameters ............................................................................................................... 30

5.2.2 Uniqueness of identifiers ................................................................................................................... 30

5.3 Ordering of language elements ................................................................................................................ 31

5.4 Parameterization ...................................................................................................................................... 31

5.4.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 31

5.4.1 Formal parameters ............................................................................................................................. 32

5.4.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 32

5.4.1.1 Formal parameters of kind value .................................................................................................. 33

5.4.1.2 Formal parameters of kind template ............................................................................................. 36

5.4.2 Actual parameters .............................................................................................................................. 38

5.5 Cyclic Definitions.................................................................................................................................... 43

6 Types and values ............................................................................................................................ 44

6.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 44

6.1 Basic types and values ............................................................................................................................. 45

6.1.0 Simple basic types and values............................................................................................................ 45

6.1.1 Basic string types and values ............................................................................................................. 45

6.1.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 45

6.1.1.1 Accessing individual string elements ........................................................................................... 48

6.1.2 Subtyping of basic types .................................................................................................................... 48

6.1.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 48

6.1.2.1 Lists of templates ......................................................................................................................... 49

6.1.2.2 Lists of types ................................................................................................................................ 49

6.1.2.3 Ranges .......................................................................................................................................... 49

6.1.2.4 String length restrictions .............................................................................................................. 50

6.1.2.5 Pattern subtyping of character string types .................................................................................. 50

6.1.2.6 Mixing subtyping mechanisms ..................................................................................................... 51

6.1.2.6.1 Mixing patterns, lists and ranges ............................................................................................ 51

6.1.2.6.2 Using length restriction with other constraints ....................................................................... 51

6.2 Structured types and values ..................................................................................................................... 52

6.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 52

6.2.1 Record type and values ...................................................................................................................... 53

6.2.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 53

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)

6.2.1.1 Referencing fields of a record type .............................................................................................. 56

6.2.1.2 Optional elements in a record....................................................................................................... 57

6.2.1.3 Nested type definitions for field types ......................................................................................... 58

6.2.2 Set type and values ............................................................................................................................ 58

6.2.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 58

6.2.2.1 Referencing fields of a set type .................................................................................................... 58

6.2.2.2 Optional elements in a set ............................................................................................................ 58

6.2.2.3 Nested type definition for field types ........................................................................................... 59

6.2.3 Records and sets of single types ........................................................................................................ 59

6.2.3.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 59

6.2.3.1 Nested type definitions ................................................................................................................. 61

6.2.3.2 Referencing elements of record of and set of types ..................................................................... 62

6.2.4 Enumerated type and values .............................................................................................................. 62

6.2.5 Unions ................................................................................................................................................ 64

6.2.5.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 64

6.2.5.1 Referencing fields of a union type ............................................................................................... 66

6.2.5.2 Option and union .......................................................................................................................... 67

6.2.5.3 Nested type definition for field types ........................................................................................... 67

6.2.6 The anytype ....................................................................................................................................... 67

6.2.7 Arrays ................................................................................................................................................ 68

6.2.8 The default type ................................................................................................................................. 69

6.2.9 Communication port types ................................................................................................................. 70

6.2.10 Component types ............................................................................................................................... 72

6.2.10.1 Component type definition ........................................................................................................... 72

6.2.10.2 Reuse of component types ........................................................................................................... 73

6.2.11 Component references ....................................................................................................................... 75

6.2.12 Addressing entities inside the SUT .................................................................................................... 77

6.2.13 Subtyping of structured types ............................................................................................................ 79

6.2.13.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 79

6.2.13.1 Length subtyping of record ofs and set ofs .................................................................................. 79

6.2.13.2 List subtyping of structured types and anytype ............................................................................ 80

6.2.13.3 Subtyping of the iterated type of record ofs and set ofs ............................................................... 82

6.2.13.4 Mixing subtyping mechanisms ..................................................................................................... 84

6.2.14 The timer type .................................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15 Map types .......................................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.1 Map Type Definition .................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.2 Indexed Assignment Notation ...................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.3 Unmapping Keys .......................................................................................................................... 85

6.2.15.4 Index Notation .............................................................................................................................. 85

6.2.15.5 Accessing the Keys of a Map ....................................................................................................... 86

6.2.15.6 Accessing the Values of a Map .................................................................................................... 86

6.2.15.7 Referencing of Elements of a Map ............................................................................................... 87

6.2.15.8 Nested type definitions ................................................................................................................. 87

6.2.16 The open type .................................................................................................................................... 87

6.3 Type compatibility .................................................................................................................................. 88

6.3.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 88

6.3.1 Compatibility of non-structured types ............................................................................................... 88

6.3.2 Compatibility of structured types ....................................................................................................... 90

6.3.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 90

6.3.2.1 Compatibility of enumerated types .............................................................................................. 90

6.3.2.2 Compatibility of record and record of types ................................................................................ 91

6.3.2.3 Compatibility of set and set of types ............................................................................................ 92

6.3.2.4 Compatibility of union types ........................................................................................................ 92

6.3.2.5 Compatibility of anytype types .................................................................................................... 93

6.3.2.6 Compatibility between sub-structures .......................................................................................... 94

6.3.2.7 Compatibility of the open type ..................................................................................................... 94

6.3.3 Compatibility of component types ..................................................................................................... 95

6.3.4 Type compatibility of communication and connection operations .................................................... 95

6.3.5 Type conversion ................................................................................................................................. 96

6.3.6 Type compatibility of port types ........................................................................................................ 96

6.3.7 Type compatibility of timer types ...................................................................................................... 96

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)

6.3.8 Type Compatibility of Map Types ..................................................................................................... 96

6.4 Type synonym ......................................................................................................................................... 96

7 Expressions ..................................................................................................................................... 96

7.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 96

7.1 Operators ................................................................................................................................................. 97

7.1.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 97

7.1.1 Arithmetic operators .......................................................................................................................... 99

7.1.2 List operator ....................................................................................................................................... 99

7.1.3 Relational operators ......................................................................................................................... 100

7.1.4 Logical operators ............................................................................................................................. 103

7.1.5 Bitwise operators ............................................................................................................................. 103

7.1.6 Shift operators .................................................................................................................................. 104

7.1.7 Rotate operators ............................................................................................................................... 104

7.1.8 Presence checking operators ............................................................................................................ 105

7.1.8.0 General ....................................................................................................................................... 105

7.1.8.1 The ispresent operator ................................................................................................................ 106

7.1.8.2 The ischosen operator ................................................................................................................ 107

7.1.8.3 The isvalue operator ................................................................................................................... 108

7.1.8.4 The isbound operator.................................................................................................................. 110

7.2 Field references and list ele me nts .......................................................................................................... 111

7.3 Decoded field reference ......................................................................................................................... 111

8 Modules ........................................................................................................................................ 112

8.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 112

8.1 Definition of a module .......................................................................................................................... 112

8.2 Module definitions part ......................................................................................................................... 113

8.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................. 113

8.2.1 Module parameters .......................................................................................................................... 114

8.2.2 Groups of definitions ....................................................................................................................... 115

8.2.3 Importing from modules .................................................................................................................. 116

8.2.3.0 General ....................................................................................................................................... 116

8.2.3.1 General format of import ........................................................................................................... 116

8.2.3.2 Importing single definitions ....................................................................................................... 123

8.2.3.3 Importing groups ........................................................................................................................ 124

8.2.3.4 Importing definitions of the same kind ...................................................................................... 125

8.2.3.5 Importing all definitions of a module ......................................................................................... 125

8.2.3.6 Import definitions from other TTCN-3 editions and from non-TTCN-3 modules ..................... 126

8.2.3.7 Importing of import statements from TTCN-3 modules ............................................................ 128

8.2.3.8 Compatibility of language specifications in imports .................................................................. 129

8.2.4 Definition of friend modules ............................................................................................................ 130

8.2.5 Visibility of definitions .................................................................................................................... 130

8.3 Module control part ............................................................................................................................... 132

9 Port types, component types and test configurations ................................................................... 133

9.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 133

9.1 Communication ports ............................................................................................................................ 133

9.2 Test system interface ............................................................................................................................. 136

10 Declaring constants ...................................................................................................................... 138

11 Declaring variables ....................................................................................................................... 138

11.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 138

11.1 Value variables ...................................................................................................................................... 139

11.2 Template variables ................................................................................................................................ 140

12 Declaring timers ........................................................................................................................... 141

13 Declaring messages ...................................................................................................................... 142

14 Declaring procedure signatures .................................................................................................... 143

15 Declaring templates ...................................................................................................................... 144

15.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 144

15.1 Declaring message templates ................................................................................................................ 145

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)

15.2 Declaring signature templates ....................................................................................

...

Final draft ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-03)
ETSI STANDARD
Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS);
The Testing and Test Control Notation version 3;
Part 1: TTCN-3 Core Language
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Final draft ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-03)
Reference
RES/MTS-201873-1v4.14.1
Keywords
language, methodology, testing, TTCN-3
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - APE 7112B
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° w061004871
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Notice of disclaimer & limitation of liability

The information provided in the present deliverable is directed solely to professionals who have the appropriate degree of

experience to understand and interpret its content in accordance with generally accepted engineering or

other professional standard and applicable regulations.

No recommendation as to products and services or vendors is made or should be implied.

No representation or warranty is made that this deliverable is technically accurate or sufficient or conforms to any law

and/or governmental rule and/or regulation and further, no representation or warranty is made of merchantability or fitness

for any particular purpose or against infringement of intellectual property rights.

In no event shall ETSI be held liable for loss of profits or any other incidental or consequential damages.

Any software contained in this deliverable is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, express or implied, including but not

limited to, the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement of intellectual property

rights and ETSI shall not be held liable in any event for any damages whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages

for loss of profits, business interruption, loss of information, or any other pecuniary loss) arising out of or related to the use

of or inability to use the software.
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2022.
All rights reserved.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Final draft ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-03)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ...................................................................................................................... 13

Foreword ................................................................................................................................................... 13

Modal verbs terminology .......................................................................................................................... 14

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................................. 15

2 References ...................................................................................................................................... 15

2.1 Normative references .............................................................................................................................. 15

2.2 Informative references ............................................................................................................................. 15

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ............................................................................. 17

3.1 Terms ....................................................................................................................................................... 17

3.2 Symbols ................................................................................................................................................... 23

3.3 Abbreviations .......................................................................................................................................... 23

4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 24

4.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 24

4.1 The core language and presentation formats ........................................................................................... 25

4.2 Unanimity of the specification ................................................................................................................ 26

4.3 Conformance ........................................................................................................................................... 26

5 Basic language elements ................................................................................................................ 26

5.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 26

5.1 Identifiers and keywords ......................................................................................................................... 27

5.2 Scope rules .............................................................................................................................................. 28

5.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 28

5.2.1 Scope of formal parameters ............................................................................................................... 30

5.2.2 Uniqueness of identifiers ................................................................................................................... 30

5.3 Ordering of language elements ................................................................................................................ 31

5.4 Parameterization ...................................................................................................................................... 31

5.4.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 31

5.4.1 Formal parameters ............................................................................................................................. 32

5.4.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 32

5.4.1.1 Formal parameters of kind value .................................................................................................. 32

5.4.1.2 Formal parameters of kind template ............................................................................................. 35

5.4.2 Actual parameters .............................................................................................................................. 37

5.5 Cyclic Definitions.................................................................................................................................... 42

6 Types and values ............................................................................................................................ 43

6.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 43

6.1 Basic types and values ............................................................................................................................. 44

6.1.0 Simple basic types and values............................................................................................................ 44

6.1.1 Basic string types and values ............................................................................................................. 45

6.1.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 45

6.1.1.1 Accessing individual string elements ........................................................................................... 47

6.1.2 Subtyping of basic types .................................................................................................................... 48

6.1.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 48

6.1.2.1 Lists of templates ......................................................................................................................... 48

6.1.2.2 Lists of types ................................................................................................................................ 48

6.1.2.3 Ranges .......................................................................................................................................... 49

6.1.2.4 String length restrictions .............................................................................................................. 49

6.1.2.5 Pattern subtyping of character string types .................................................................................. 50

6.1.2.6 Mixing subtyping mechanisms ..................................................................................................... 50

6.1.2.6.1 Mixing patterns, lists and ranges ............................................................................................ 50

6.1.2.6.2 Using length restriction with other constraints ....................................................................... 51

6.2 Structured types and values ..................................................................................................................... 51

6.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 51

6.2.1 Record type and values ...................................................................................................................... 53

6.2.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 53

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Final draft ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-03)

6.2.1.1 Referencing fields of a record type .............................................................................................. 56

6.2.1.2 Optional elements in a record....................................................................................................... 57

6.2.1.3 Nested type definitions for field types ......................................................................................... 57

6.2.2 Set type and values ............................................................................................................................ 58

6.2.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 58

6.2.2.1 Referencing fields of a set type .................................................................................................... 58

6.2.2.2 Optional elements in a set ............................................................................................................ 58

6.2.2.3 Nested type definition for field types ........................................................................................... 58

6.2.3 Records and sets of single types ........................................................................................................ 58

6.2.3.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 58

6.2.3.1 Nested type definitions ................................................................................................................. 61

6.2.3.2 Referencing elements of record of and set of types ..................................................................... 61

6.2.4 Enumerated type and values .............................................................................................................. 62

6.2.5 Unions ................................................................................................................................................ 64

6.2.5.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 64

6.2.5.1 Referencing fields of a union type ............................................................................................... 65

6.2.5.2 Option and union .......................................................................................................................... 66

6.2.5.3 Nested type definition for field types ........................................................................................... 67

6.2.6 The anytype ....................................................................................................................................... 67

6.2.7 Arrays ................................................................................................................................................ 67

6.2.8 The default type ................................................................................................................................. 69

6.2.9 Communication port types ................................................................................................................. 69

6.2.10 Component types ............................................................................................................................... 71

6.2.10.1 Component type definition ........................................................................................................... 71

6.2.10.2 Reuse of component types ........................................................................................................... 72

6.2.11 Component references ....................................................................................................................... 74

6.2.12 Addressing entities inside the SUT .................................................................................................... 76

6.2.13 Subtyping of structured types ............................................................................................................ 78

6.2.13.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 78

6.2.13.1 Length subtyping of record ofs and set ofs .................................................................................. 78

6.2.13.2 List subtyping of structured types and anytype ............................................................................ 79

6.2.13.3 Subtyping of the iterated type of record ofs and set ofs ............................................................... 82

6.2.13.4 Mixing subtyping mechanisms ..................................................................................................... 83

6.2.14 The timer type .................................................................................................................................... 83

6.2.15 Map types .......................................................................................................................................... 83

6.2.15.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 83

6.2.15.1 Map Type Definition .................................................................................................................... 83

6.2.15.2 Indexed Assignment Notation ...................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.3 Unmapping Keys .......................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.4 Index Notation .............................................................................................................................. 85

6.2.15.5 Accessing the Keys of a Map ....................................................................................................... 85

6.2.15.6 Accessing the Values of a Map .................................................................................................... 86

6.2.15.7 Referencing of Elements of a Map ............................................................................................... 86

6.2.15.8 Nested type definitions ................................................................................................................. 87

6.2.16 The open type .................................................................................................................................... 87

6.3 Type compatibility .................................................................................................................................. 87

6.3.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 87

6.3.1 Compatibility of non-structured types ............................................................................................... 88

6.3.2 Compatibility of structured types ....................................................................................................... 89

6.3.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 89

6.3.2.1 Compatibility of enumerated types .............................................................................................. 89

6.3.2.2 Compatibility of record and record of types ................................................................................ 90

6.3.2.3 Compatibility of set and set of types ............................................................................................ 91

6.3.2.4 Compatibility of union types ........................................................................................................ 92

6.3.2.5 Compatibility of anytype types .................................................................................................... 93

6.3.2.6 Compatibility between sub-structures .......................................................................................... 93

6.3.2.7 Compatibility of the open type ..................................................................................................... 94

6.3.3 Compatibility of component types ..................................................................................................... 94

6.3.4 Type compatibility of communication and connection operations .................................................... 95

6.3.5 Type conversion ................................................................................................................................. 95

6.3.6 Type compatibility of port types ........................................................................................................ 95

6.3.7 Type compatibility of timer types ...................................................................................................... 95

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 Final draft ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-03)

6.3.8 Type Compatibility of Map Types ..................................................................................................... 95

6.4 Type synonym ......................................................................................................................................... 96

7 Expressions ..................................................................................................................................... 96

7.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 96

7.1 Operators ................................................................................................................................................. 97

7.1.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 97

7.1.1 Arithmetic operators .......................................................................................................................... 98

7.1.2 List operator ....................................................................................................................................... 99

7.1.3 Relational operators ........................................................................................................................... 99

7.1.4 Logical operators ............................................................................................................................. 102

7.1.5 Bitwise operators ............................................................................................................................. 103

7.1.6 Shift operators .................................................................................................................................. 103

7.1.7 Rotate operators ............................................................................................................................... 104

7.1.8 Presence checking operators ............................................................................................................ 105

7.1.8.0 General ....................................................................................................................................... 105

7.1.8.1 The ispresent operator ................................................................................................................ 105

7.1.8.2 The ischosen operator ................................................................................................................ 107

7.1.8.3 The isvalue operator ................................................................................................................... 108

7.1.8.4 The isbound operator.................................................................................................................. 109

7.2 Field references and list ele me nts .......................................................................................................... 110

7.3 Decoded field reference ......................................................................................................................... 111

8 Modules ........................................................................................................................................ 111

8.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 111

8.1 Definition of a module .......................................................................................................................... 112

8.2 Module definitions part ......................................................................................................................... 113

8.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................. 113

8.2.1 Module parameters .......................................................................................................................... 114

8.2.2 Groups of definitions ....................................................................................................................... 115

8.2.3 Importing from modules .................................................................................................................. 116

8.2.3.0 General ....................................................................................................................................... 116

8.2.3.1 General format of import ........................................................................................................... 116

8.2.3.2 Importing single definitions ....................................................................................................... 122

8.2.3.3 Importing groups ........................................................................................................................ 123

8.2.3.4 Importing definitions of the same kind ...................................................................................... 124

8.2.3.5 Importing all definitions of a module ......................................................................................... 125

8.2.3.6 Import definitions from other TTCN-3 editions and from non-TTCN-3 modules ..................... 126

8.2.3.7 Importing of import statements from TTCN-3 modules ............................................................ 128

8.2.3.8 Compatibility of language specifications in imports .................................................................. 129

8.2.4 Definition of friend modules ............................................................................................................ 129

8.2.5 Visibility of definitions .................................................................................................................... 130

8.3 Module control part ............................................................................................................................... 131

9 Port types, component types and test configurations ................................................................... 132

9.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 132

9.1 Communication ports ............................................................................................................................ 133

9.2 Test system interface ............................................................................................................................. 135

10 Declaring constants ...................................................................................................................... 137

11 Declaring variables ....................................................................................................................... 137

11.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 137

11.1 Value variables ...................................................................................................................................... 138

11.2 Template variables ................................................................................................................................ 139

12 Declaring timers ........................................................................................................................... 140

13 Declaring messages ...................................................................................................................... 141

14 Declaring procedure signatures .................................................................................................... 142

15 Declaring templates ...................................................................................................................... 143

15.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 143

15.1 Declaring message templates ................................................................................................................ 144

ETSI
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6 Final draft ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-03)

15.2 Declaring signature templates ............................................................................................................... 146

15.3 Global and local templates ........................................................................

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1:2022
01-julij-2022

Metode za preskušanje in specificiranje (MTS) - 3. različica zapisa preskušanja in

krmiljenja preskusov - 1. del: Jedrni jezik TTCN-3

Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS) - The Testing and Test Control Notation

version 3 - Part 1: TTCN-3 Core Language
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)
ICS:
33.040.01 Telekomunikacijski sistemi Telecommunication systems
na splošno in general
35.060 Jeziki, ki se uporabljajo v Languages used in
informacijski tehniki in information technology
tehnologiji
SIST ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1:2022 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1:2022
ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)
ETSI STANDARD
Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS);
The Testing and Test Control Notation version 3;
Part 1: TTCN-3 Core Language
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1:2022
2 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)
Reference
RES/MTS-201873-1v4.14.1
Keywords
language, methodology, testing, TTCN-3
ETSI
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ETSI
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SIST ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1:2022
3 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ...................................................................................................................... 13

Foreword ................................................................................................................................................... 13

Modal verbs terminology .......................................................................................................................... 14

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................................. 15

2 References ...................................................................................................................................... 15

2.1 Normative references .............................................................................................................................. 15

2.2 Informative references ............................................................................................................................. 15

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ............................................................................. 17

3.1 Terms ....................................................................................................................................................... 17

3.2 Symbols ................................................................................................................................................... 23

3.3 Abbreviations .......................................................................................................................................... 23

4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 24

4.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 24

4.1 The core language and presentation formats ........................................................................................... 25

4.2 Unanimity of the specification ................................................................................................................ 26

4.3 Conformance ........................................................................................................................................... 26

5 Basic language elements ................................................................................................................ 27

5.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 27

5.1 Identifiers and keywords ......................................................................................................................... 28

5.2 Scope rules .............................................................................................................................................. 28

5.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 28

5.2.1 Scope of formal parameters ............................................................................................................... 30

5.2.2 Uniqueness of identifiers ................................................................................................................... 30

5.3 Ordering of language elements ................................................................................................................ 31

5.4 Parameterization ...................................................................................................................................... 31

5.4.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 31

5.4.1 Formal parameters ............................................................................................................................. 32

5.4.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 32

5.4.1.1 Formal parameters of kind value .................................................................................................. 33

5.4.1.2 Formal parameters of kind template ............................................................................................. 36

5.4.2 Actual parameters .............................................................................................................................. 38

5.5 Cyclic Definitions.................................................................................................................................... 43

6 Types and values ............................................................................................................................ 44

6.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 44

6.1 Basic types and values ............................................................................................................................. 45

6.1.0 Simple basic types and values............................................................................................................ 45

6.1.1 Basic string types and values ............................................................................................................. 45

6.1.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 45

6.1.1.1 Accessing individual string elements ........................................................................................... 48

6.1.2 Subtyping of basic types .................................................................................................................... 48

6.1.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 48

6.1.2.1 Lists of templates ......................................................................................................................... 49

6.1.2.2 Lists of types ................................................................................................................................ 49

6.1.2.3 Ranges .......................................................................................................................................... 49

6.1.2.4 String length restrictions .............................................................................................................. 50

6.1.2.5 Pattern subtyping of character string types .................................................................................. 50

6.1.2.6 Mixing subtyping mechanisms ..................................................................................................... 51

6.1.2.6.1 Mixing patterns, lists and ranges ............................................................................................ 51

6.1.2.6.2 Using length restriction with other constraints ....................................................................... 51

6.2 Structured types and values ..................................................................................................................... 52

6.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 52

6.2.1 Record type and values ...................................................................................................................... 53

6.2.1.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 53

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4 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)

6.2.1.1 Referencing fields of a record type .............................................................................................. 56

6.2.1.2 Optional elements in a record....................................................................................................... 57

6.2.1.3 Nested type definitions for field types ......................................................................................... 58

6.2.2 Set type and values ............................................................................................................................ 58

6.2.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 58

6.2.2.1 Referencing fields of a set type .................................................................................................... 58

6.2.2.2 Optional elements in a set ............................................................................................................ 58

6.2.2.3 Nested type definition for field types ........................................................................................... 59

6.2.3 Records and sets of single types ........................................................................................................ 59

6.2.3.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 59

6.2.3.1 Nested type definitions ................................................................................................................. 61

6.2.3.2 Referencing elements of record of and set of types ..................................................................... 62

6.2.4 Enumerated type and values .............................................................................................................. 62

6.2.5 Unions ................................................................................................................................................ 64

6.2.5.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 64

6.2.5.1 Referencing fields of a union type ............................................................................................... 66

6.2.5.2 Option and union .......................................................................................................................... 67

6.2.5.3 Nested type definition for field types ........................................................................................... 67

6.2.6 The anytype ....................................................................................................................................... 67

6.2.7 Arrays ................................................................................................................................................ 68

6.2.8 The default type ................................................................................................................................. 69

6.2.9 Communication port types ................................................................................................................. 70

6.2.10 Component types ............................................................................................................................... 72

6.2.10.1 Component type definition ........................................................................................................... 72

6.2.10.2 Reuse of component types ........................................................................................................... 73

6.2.11 Component references ....................................................................................................................... 75

6.2.12 Addressing entities inside the SUT .................................................................................................... 77

6.2.13 Subtyping of structured types ............................................................................................................ 79

6.2.13.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 79

6.2.13.1 Length subtyping of record ofs and set ofs .................................................................................. 79

6.2.13.2 List subtyping of structured types and anytype ............................................................................ 80

6.2.13.3 Subtyping of the iterated type of record ofs and set ofs ............................................................... 82

6.2.13.4 Mixing subtyping mechanisms ..................................................................................................... 84

6.2.14 The timer type .................................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15 Map types .......................................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.1 Map Type Definition .................................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.2 Indexed Assignment Notation ...................................................................................................... 84

6.2.15.3 Unmapping Keys .......................................................................................................................... 85

6.2.15.4 Index Notation .............................................................................................................................. 85

6.2.15.5 Accessing the Keys of a Map ....................................................................................................... 86

6.2.15.6 Accessing the Values of a Map .................................................................................................... 86

6.2.15.7 Referencing of Elements of a Map ............................................................................................... 87

6.2.15.8 Nested type definitions ................................................................................................................. 87

6.2.16 The open type .................................................................................................................................... 87

6.3 Type compatibility .................................................................................................................................. 88

6.3.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 88

6.3.1 Compatibility of non-structured types ............................................................................................... 88

6.3.2 Compatibility of structured types ....................................................................................................... 90

6.3.2.0 General ......................................................................................................................................... 90

6.3.2.1 Compatibility of enumerated types .............................................................................................. 90

6.3.2.2 Compatibility of record and record of types ................................................................................ 91

6.3.2.3 Compatibility of set and set of types ............................................................................................ 92

6.3.2.4 Compatibility of union types ........................................................................................................ 92

6.3.2.5 Compatibility of anytype types .................................................................................................... 93

6.3.2.6 Compatibility between sub-structures .......................................................................................... 94

6.3.2.7 Compatibility of the open type ..................................................................................................... 94

6.3.3 Compatibility of component types ..................................................................................................... 95

6.3.4 Type compatibility of communication and connection operations .................................................... 95

6.3.5 Type conversion ................................................................................................................................. 96

6.3.6 Type compatibility of port types ........................................................................................................ 96

6.3.7 Type compatibility of timer types ...................................................................................................... 96

ETSI
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SIST ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1:2022
5 ETSI ES 201 873-1 V4.14.1 (2022-05)

6.3.8 Type Compatibility of Map Types ..................................................................................................... 96

6.4 Type synonym ......................................................................................................................................... 96

7 Expressions ..................................................................................................................................... 96

7.0 General .................................................................................................................................................... 96

7.1 Operators ................................................................................................................................................. 97

7.1.0 General ............................................................................................................................................... 97

7.1.1 Arithmetic operators .......................................................................................................................... 99

7.1.2 List operator ....................................................................................................................................... 99

7.1.3 Relational operators ......................................................................................................................... 100

7.1.4 Logical operators ............................................................................................................................. 103

7.1.5 Bitwise operators ............................................................................................................................. 103

7.1.6 Shift operators .................................................................................................................................. 104

7.1.7 Rotate operators ............................................................................................................................... 104

7.1.8 Presence checking operators ............................................................................................................ 105

7.1.8.0 General ....................................................................................................................................... 105

7.1.8.1 The ispresent operator ................................................................................................................ 106

7.1.8.2 The ischosen operator ................................................................................................................ 107

7.1.8.3 The isvalue operator ................................................................................................................... 108

7.1.8.4 The isbound operator.................................................................................................................. 110

7.2 Field references and list ele me nts .......................................................................................................... 111

7.3 Decoded field reference ......................................................................................................................... 111

8 Modules ........................................................................................................................................ 112

8.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 112

8.1 Definition of a module .......................................................................................................................... 112

8.2 Module definitions part ......................................................................................................................... 113

8.2.0 General ............................................................................................................................................. 113

8.2.1 Module parameters .......................................................................................................................... 114

8.2.2 Groups of definitions ....................................................................................................................... 115

8.2.3 Importing from modules .................................................................................................................. 116

8.2.3.0 General ....................................................................................................................................... 116

8.2.3.1 General format of import ........................................................................................................... 116

8.2.3.2 Importing single definitions ....................................................................................................... 123

8.2.3.3 Importing groups ........................................................................................................................ 124

8.2.3.4 Importing definitions of the same kind ...................................................................................... 125

8.2.3.5 Importing all definitions of a module ......................................................................................... 125

8.2.3.6 Import definitions from other TTCN-3 editions and from non-TTCN-3 modules ..................... 126

8.2.3.7 Importing of import statements from TTCN-3 modules ............................................................ 128

8.2.3.8 Compatibility of language specifications in imports .................................................................. 129

8.2.4 Definition of friend modules ............................................................................................................ 130

8.2.5 Visibility of definitions .................................................................................................................... 130

8.3 Module control part ............................................................................................................................... 132

9 Port types, component types and test configurations ................................................................... 133

9.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 133

9.1 Communication ports ............................................................................................................................ 133

9.2 Test system interface ............................................................................................................................. 136

10 Declaring constants ...................................................................................................................... 138

11 Declaring variables ....................................................................................................................... 138

11.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 138

11.1 Value variables ...................................................................................................................................... 139

11.2 Template variables ................................................................................................................................ 140

12 Declaring timers .........................................
...

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