Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design - Part 1: General rules

(1) EN 1997-1 is intended to be used as a general basis for the geotechnical aspects of the design of buildings and civil engineering works.
(2) The following subjects are dealt with in EN 1997-1:
Section 1: General
Section 2: Basis of geotechnical design
Section 3: Geotechnical data
Section 4: Supervision of construction, monitoring and maintenance
Section 5: Fill, dewatering, ground improvement and reinforcement
Section 6: Spread foundations
Section 7: Pile foundations
Section 8: Anchorages
Section 9: Retaining structures
Section 10: Hydraulic failure
Section 11: Overall stability
Section 12: Embankments
(3) EN 1997-1 is accompanied by Annexes A to J, which provide:
- in A: recommended partial safety factor values; different values of the partial factors may be set by the National annex;
- in B to J: supplementary informative guidance such as internationally applied calculation methods.

Eurocode 7 - Entwurf, Berechnung und Bemessung in der Geotechnik - Teil 1: Allgemeine Regeln

1.1.1   Anwendungsbereich der EN 1997
(1)   Die Anwendung der EN 1997 ist in Verbindung mit EN 1990:2002 vorgesehen, in der die Grundsätze und Anforderungen für Sicherheit und Gebrauchstauglichkeit festgelegt sind, die Grundlagen der Planung und der Nachweise beschrieben und Richtlinien für die damit verbundenen Gesichtspunkte der Zuverlässigkeit von Tragwerken angegeben werden.
(2)   Es ist vorgesehen, EN 1997 für die geotechnischen Gesichtspunkte bei der Planung von Hoch- und Ingenieurbauwerken anzuwenden. Sie ist in mehrere Teile gegliedert (siehe 1.1.2 und 1.1.3).
(3)   EN 1997 behandelt Anforderungen an die Festigkeit, Standsicherheit, Gebrauchstauglichkeit und Dauerhaftigkeit der Bauwerke. Andere Anforderungen, z. B. an den Wärme- und Schallschutz, werden nicht behandelt.
(4)   Die bei der Planung von Hoch- und Ingenieurbauwerken anzusetzenden Zahlenwerte für die Einwirkungen gibt die EN 1991 an. Aus dem Baugrund herrührende Einwirkungen wie Erddrücke müssen nach den in EN 1997 genannten Regeln ermittelt werden.
(5)   Für Fragen der Qualitätssicherung und Ausführung sind eigene Europäische Normen vorgesehen. Auf sie wird in den entsprechenden Abschnitten verwiesen.
(6)   In EN 1997 wird die Ausführung nur so weit behandelt, wie das für die Erfüllung der Voraussetzungen der Bemessungsregeln erforderlich ist.
(7)   EN 1997 deckt nicht die besonderen Anforderungen an einen erdbebensicheren Entwurf ab. EN 1998 gibt ergänzende Regeln für eine geotechnische seismische Bemessung an, die die Regeln dieser Norm vervollständigen oder anpassen.

Eurocode 7: Calcul géotechnique - Partie 1: Règles générales

(1) La norme EN 1997 doit être utilisée conjointement avec la norme EN 1990 :2002, qui définit les principes et les exigences en matière de sécurité et d'aptitude au service, décrit les principes de base du calcul et de la vérification des structures et donne des directives sur les aspects liés à leur fiabilité.  
(2) La norme EN 1997 doit être appliquée aux aspects géotechniques du calcul des bâtiments et ouvrages de génie civil. Elle est divisée en plusieurs parties (voir 1.1.2 et 1.1.3).
(3) La norme EN 1997 traite des exigences de résistance, de stabilité, d'aptitude au service et de durabilité des ouvrages. Les autres exigences, par exemple celles qui concernent l'isolation thermique ou sonore, ne sont pas abordées.
(4) Les valeurs numériques des actions sur les bâtiments et les ouvrages de génie civil à prendre en compte dans le calcul sont fournies par la norme EN 1991, en fonction des types de constructions. Les actions imposées par le terrain, comme les pressions des terres, doivent être calculées conformément aux règles de l'Eurocode 7.
(5) Des normes européennes séparées doivent être utilisées pour traiter les questions d'exécution et de main d'�uvre. Elles sont notées dans les sections concernées.
(6) Dans la norme EN 1997, l'exécution est traitée dans la mesure où cela est nécessaire pour assurer sa conformité avec les hypothèses des règles de calcul.
(7) La norme EN 1997 ne traite pas des exigences particulières du calcul sismique. La norme EN 1998 donne des règles complémentaires pour le calcul sismique, qui complètent ou adaptent les règles de la présente norme.

Evrokod 7: Geotehnično projektiranje - 1. del: Splošna pravila

(1)   EN 1997-1 naj se uporablja kot splošna osnova za geotehnične vidike projektiranja stavb in gradbenih inženirskih objektov.
(2)   EN 1997-1 obravnava naslednje teme:
1. poglavje: Splošno
2. poglavje: Osnove geotehničnega projektiranja
3. poglavje: Geotehnični podatki
4. poglavje: Nadzor gradnje, tehnično opazovanje in vzdrževanje
5. poglavje: Nasutje, odvodnjavanje, poboljšanje in armiranje tal
6. poglavje: Plitvo temeljenje
7. poglavje: Temeljenje na pilotih
8. poglavje: Sidra
9. poglavje: Podporne konstrukcije
10. poglavje: Hidravlične porušitve
11. poglavje: Globalna stabilnost
12. poglavje: Nasipi

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
13-Jun-2013
Publication Date
08-Apr-2014
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
30-Jan-2014
Due Date
06-Apr-2014
Completion Date
09-Apr-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
01-maj-2014
(YURNRG*HRWHKQLþQRSURMHNWLUDQMHGHO6SORãQDSUDYLOD
Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design - Part 1: General rules
Eurocode 7 - Entwurf, Berechnung und Bemessung in der Geotechnik - Teil 1:
Allgemeine Regeln
Eurocode 7: Calcul géotechnique - Partie 1: Règles générales
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013
ICS:
91.010.30 7HKQLþQLYLGLNL Technical aspects
93.020 Zemeljska dela. Izkopavanja. Earthworks. Excavations.
Gradnja temeljev. Dela pod Foundation construction.
zemljo Underground works
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 1997-1:2004/A1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
November 2013
ICS 93.020; 91.010.30
English Version
Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design - Part 1: General rules

Eurocode 7: Calcul géotechnique - Partie 1: Règles Eurocode 7 - Entwurf, Berechnung und Bemessung in der

générales Geotechnik - Teil 1: Allgemeine Regeln

This amendment A1 modifies the European Standard EN 1997-1:2004; it was approved by CEN on 8 August 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for inclusion of this

amendment into the relevant national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such

national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This amendment exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the

responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

1 Modification to the Contents ................................................................................................................4

2 Modifications to National annex for EN 1997-1 ..................................................................................4

3 Modification to 1.1.2 ..............................................................................................................................4

4 Modification to 1.2 .................................................................................................................................5

5 Modification to 1.6 .................................................................................................................................5

6 Modification to Section 8 ......................................................................................................................7

7 Modifications to Section 9 ................................................................................................................. 14

8 Modification to 10.2 ............................................................................................................................ 15

9 Modification to 11.4 ............................................................................................................................ 15

10 Modification to Annex A title and A.1 ............................................................................................... 15

11 Modification to A.3.3.4 ........................................................................................................................ 16

12 Modifications to A.4 ............................................................................................................................ 16

13 Modification to A.5 .............................................................................................................................. 17

14 Modification to B.3 .............................................................................................................................. 19

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 250

“Structural Eurocodes”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This Amendment to the European Standard EN 1997-1:2004 shall be given the status of a national standard,

either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2014, and conflicting

national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2014.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)
1 Modification to the Contents
Page 3
Delete: “Section 8 Anchorages”
and replace with:
“Section 8
Anchors”.
2 Modifications to National annex for EN 1997-1
Page 8
National Annex for EN 1997-1
Delete:
“8.5.2(2)P, 8.5.2(3), 8.6(4)”
and replace with:

“8.4(6)P, 8.4(7)P, 8.5.1(1)P, 8.5.1(2)P, 8.5.2(1)P, 8.5.2(2)P, 8.5.2(3)P, 8.5.2(5)P, 8.5.3(1)P, 8.5.3(2)P,

8.5.3(3)P, 8.5.3(4)P, 8.6.2(2)P, 8.6.2(3)P”.
Delete:
— A.3.1, A.3.2, A.3.3.1, A.3.3.2, A.3.3.3, A.3.3.4, A.3.3.5, A.3.3.6,”
and replace with:
— A.3.1, A.3.2, A.3.3.1, A.3.3.2, A.3.3.3, A.3.3.5, A.3.3.6,”.
After:
— A.5”,
add:
— A.6”.
3 Modification to 1.1.2
Page 9
1.1.2 Scope of EN 1997-1
Delete in 1.1.2(2):
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)
“Section 8: Anchorages”
and replace with:
“Section 8: Anchors”.
4 Modification to 1.2
Page 10
1.2 Normative references
After:
“EN 1992 Eurocode 2 Design of concrete structures”,
add:

“EN 1992-1-1:2004 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures – Part 1-1: General rules and rules for

buildings”.
Replace:
“EN 1537:1999 Execution of special geotechnical work; Ground anchors”
with:
“EN 1537 Execution of special geotechnical work; Ground anchors”.
After:

“EN ISO 13793:2001 Thermal performance of buildings – Thermal design of foundations to avoid frost

heave”,
add:

“EN ISO 22477-5 Geotechnical investigation and testing – testing of geotechnical structures – Part

5:Testing of anchors (in preparation)”.
5 Modification to 1.6
Page 13
1.6 Symbols
Delete: “P load on anchorage”
Delete: “P proof load in a suitability test of a grouted anchorage”.
Delete: “R anchorage pull-out resistance”
Delete: “R design value of R ”
a;d a
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)
Delete: “R characteristic value of R ”
a;k a
Delete:

design value of the tensile resistance of a pile or of a group of piles, or of the structural tensile

t;d
resistance of an anchorage”
and replace with:
design value of the tensile resistance of a pile or of a group of piles”.
t;d
partial factor for anchorages”.
Delete: “γ
partial factor for permanent anchorages”.
Delete: “γ
a;p
partial factor for temporary anchorages”.
Delete: “γ
a;t
correlation factor for anchorages”.
Delete: “ξ
After:
“z vertical distance”,
add:
(begin text)
Latin letters used in Section 8
ultimate limit state design force to be resisted by the anchor
ULS;d

design value of the maximum anchor force, including effect of lock off load, and sufficient to prevent

Serv;d
a serviceability limit state in the supported structure

characteristic value of the maximum anchor force, including effect of lock off load, and sufficient to

Serv;k
prevent a serviceability limit state in the supported structure

design value of the force required to prevent any ultimate limit state in the supported structure

ULS;d

permissible cumulative loss of load over specified time period, defined in EN ISO 22477-5, used to

l;SLS
determine serviceability limit state resistance of an anchor

permissible cumulative loss of load over specified time period, defined in EN ISO 22477-5, used to

l;ULS
determine ultimate limit state resistance of an anchor
n minimum number of investigation and/or suitability tests

the critical creep load, determined as the load corresponding to the end of the pseudo linear part of the α

versus load diagram as defined in EN ISO 22477-5

lock-off load, load left in the anchor head immediately on completion of the stressing operation

proof load, maximum test load to which an anchor is subjected in a particular load test

measured value of the resistance of an anchor

design value of the resistance of an anchor complying with serviceability limit state criteria

SLS;d
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)

R characteristic value of the resistance of an anchor complying with serviceability limit state criteria

SLS;k

measured value of the resistance of an anchor complying with serviceability limit state criteria

SLS;m

) lowest value of R measured from a number of investigation or suitability tests (n), for each

SLS;m min SLS;m
distinct ground condition
ultimate limit state design resistance of the structural elements of an anchor
t;d

design value of the resistance of an anchor complying with ultimate limit state criteria

ULS;d

characteristic value of the resistance of an anchor complying with ultimate limit state criteria

ULS;k

measured value of the resistance of an anchor complying with ultimate limit state criteria

ULS;m

) lowest value of R measured from a number of investigation or suitability tests (n), for each

ULS;m min ULS;m
distinct ground condition
(end text)
design value of φ' “, add:
After “φ'
(begin text)
Greek letters used in Section 8

creep rate defining serviceability limit state resistance of an anchor, determined from the

SLS

displacement per log cycle of time at constant anchor load as defined in EN ISO 22477-5

creep rate defining ultimate limit state resistance of an anchor, determined from the displacement per

ULS
log cycle of time at constant anchor load as defined in EN ISO 22477-5
γ ,γ ,γ ,γ ,γ partial factors
Serv a;ULS a;SLS a;acc;ULS a;acc;SLS
correlation factor
ULS
(end text)
6 Modification to Section 8
Page 91
Section 8 Anchorages

Delete the entire text of Section 8, including the title and replace with the following:

(begin text)
Section 8 Anchors
8.1 General
8.1.1 Scope

(1)P This Section shall apply to the design of temporary and permanent anchors used e.g.:

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SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)
— to support a retaining structure;
— to ensure the stability of slopes, cuts or tunnels;
— to resist uplift forces on a structure;
— to prevent sliding or tilting;
— to restrain tension cables;
by transmitting a tensile force to a load resisting formation of soil or rock.

(2)P This section shall be used for the design of anchors covered by EN 1537 and other anchors that are

consistent with 8.1.2.1, such as screw anchors and expander anchors with a free length.

(3)P Tension members without a free length (such as tension piles) shall be designed using the principles

given in Section 7 ‘Pile foundations’.

(4)P Walls providing fixity for dead-man anchors shall be designed using the principles given in Section 9,

‘Retaining structures’.
(5) This section does not cover the design of soil nails or rock bolts.
8.1.2 Definitions
8.1.2.1
anchor

installation capable of transmitting an applied tensile load through a free length to a load bearing stratum

8.1.2.2
grouted anchor

anchor that uses a bonded length formed of cement grout, resin or similar material to transmit the tensile force

to the ground
NOTE A ‘grouted anchor’ in EN 1997–1 is termed a ‘ground anchor’ in EN 1537.
8.1.2.3
permanent anchor
anchor with a design life which is in excess of two years
8.1.2.4
temporary anchor
anchor with a design life of 2 years or less
8.1.2.5
tendon

part of an anchor that is capable of transmitting the tensile load from the anchor head to the resisting element

in the ground
8.1.2.6
anchor fixed length

designed length of an anchor over which the load is transmitted to the surrounding ground

8.1.2.7
anchor free length

length of the anchor between the anchorage point at the anchor head and the proximal end of the anchor fixed

length
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)
8.1.2.8
tendon bond length for grouted anchors

length of the tendon that is bonded directly to the grout and capable of transmitting the applied tensile load

8.1.2.9
tendon free length

length of the tendon between the anchorage point at the anchor head and the proximal end of the tendon

bond length
8.1.2.10
apparent tendon free length

length of tendon which is estimated to be fully decoupled from the surrounding grout and is calculated from

the load-elastic displacement data following testing
8.1.2.11
investigation test

load test to establish the geotechnical ultimate resistance of an anchor and to determine the characteristics of

the anchor in the working load range
8.1.2.12
suitability test

load test to confirm that a particular anchor design will be adequate in particular ground conditions

8.1.2.13
acceptance test

load test to confirm that an individual anchor conforms with its acceptance criteria

8.2 Limit states

(1)P The following limit states (both individually and in combination) shall be considered for all anchors:

— structural failure of the tendon or anchor head, caused by the applied stresses;

— failure of the connection between the tendon and the resisting element in the ground;

— loss of anchor force and excessive displacements of the anchor head due to creep and relaxation;

— failure or excessive deformation of parts of the anchored structure due to the applied anchor force;

— loss of overall stability of the retained ground and the retaining structure (see Section 11);

— limit states in supported or adjacent structures, including those arising from pre-stressing forces;

— instability or excessive deformation of the zone of ground into which tensile forces from a group of

anchors are to be transferred;
— failure at the interface between the resisting element and the ground.

(2)P In addition to the limit states listed in 8.2(1)P, the following limit states (both individually and in

combination) shall be considered for all grouted anchors:
— failure at the interface between the body of grout and the ground;
— failure of the bond at the interfaces of tendon, encapsulation and grout;
— failure of the bond between the tendon and the grout.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 1997-1:2005/A1:2014
EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 (E)

(3) For a group of anchors, the most critical failure surface should be considered.

NOTE Depending on spacing and the profile of ground strength, this can involve displacement of part or all of the

block contained by the anchors, often combined with pull-out of the distal ends of the anchors.

8.3 Design situations and actions
(1)P Design situations shall be selected in accordance with 2.2.
(2)P In addition, consideration shall be given to:
— all pertinent limit states listed in 8.2 and their combinations;

— chemical components of ground or groundwater that can adversely affect the durability of the anchor.

(3)P The design value of the anchor load shall be derived from the design of the anchored structure, taking

into consideration ultimate and serviceability limit states.
8.4 Design and construction considerations

(1)P Anchors shall not be used unless their design and construction have been verified by investigation or

suitability tests in accordance with EN ISO 22477-5 or by comparable experience (as defined in 1.5.2.2) and

have been shown to have the required performance and durability, which have been documented.

(2)P Account shall be taken of the effects of any deformations imposed on adjacent structures when installing

the anchor and by the anchor pre-stress force.

(3) The zone of ground into which tensile forces are to be transferred should be included in site investigations

whenever possible.

(4)P For pre-stressed anchors, the anchor head shall be designed to allow the tendon to be stressed, proof-

loaded and locked-off and, if required, released, de-stressed and re-stressed.

(5)P The anchor head shall be designed to tolerate angular deviations of the anchor force, and to be able to

accommodate deformations that can occur during the design life of the structure.
(6)P Since the effectiveness of an anchor depends on its free leng
...

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