Pressure equipment for refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Part 1: Vessels - General requirements

This European Standard specifies the requirements for material, design, manufacturing, testing and documentation for stationary pressure vessels intended for use in refrigerating systems and heat pumps. These systems are referenced in this standard as refrigerating systems as defined in EN 378-1.
This European Standard applies to vessels including welded or brazed attachments up to and including the nozzle flanges, screwed, welded or brazed connectors or to the edge to be welded or brazed at the first circumferential joint connecting piping or other elements.
This European Standard applies to pressure vessels with an internal pressure down to – 1 bar, to account for the evacuation of the vessel prior to charging with refrigerant.
This European Standard applies to both the mechanical loading conditions and thermal conditions as defined in EN 13445-3 associated with refrigerating systems. It applies to pressure vessels subject to the maximum allowable temperatures for which nominal design stresses for materials are derived using EN 13445-2 and EN 13445-3 or as specified in this standard. In addition vessels designed to this standard should have a maximum design temperature not exceeding 200 °C and a maximum design pressure not exceeding 64 bars. Outside of these limits, it is important that EN 13445 be used for the design, construction and inspection of the vessel. Under these circumstances it is important that the unique nature of refrigerating plant, as indicated in the introduction to this standard, also be taken into account.
It is important that pressure vessels used in refrigerating systems and heat pumps of category less than II as defined in Annex H comply with other relevant clauses of EN 378-2 for vessels.
This European Standard applies to pressure vessels where the main pressure bearing parts are manufactured from metallic ductile materials as defined in Clause 4 and Annex I of this standard.
This European Standard does not apply to vessels of the following types:
— vessels of riveted construction;
— multilayered, autofrettaged or prestressed vessels;
— vessels directly heated by a flame;
— « roll bond » heat exchangers.

Druckgeräte für Kälteanlagen und Wärmepumpen - Teil 1: Behälter - Allgemeine Anforderungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Anforderungen an Werkstoffe, Konstruktion, Herstellung, Prüfung und
Dokumentation für ortsfeste Druckbehälter für Kälteanlagen und Wärmepumpen fest. Diese Anlagen werden
in der vorliegenden Norm als Kälteanlagen nach EN 378-1 bezeichnet.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Druckbehälter mit angeschweißten oder angelöteten Bauteilen bis einschließlich
Stutzenflansche, Schraub-, Schweiß- oder Lötverbindungen oder bis zu der ersten Schweiß- oder Lötnaht
für den Anschluss von Rohrleitungen oder anderen Teilen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Druckbehälter bis – 1 bar, um die Luftabsaugung des Behälters vor dem Füllen
mit Kältemittel zu berücksichtigen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt sowohl für die mechanischen Belastungen als auch die thermischen Beanspruchungen
nach den Festlegungen in EN 13445-3, die im Zusammenhang mit Kälteanlagen auftreten. Sie
gilt für Druckbehälter mit den maximal zulässigen Temperaturen, für die die zulässigen Nennspannungen (Berechnungsnennspannungen)
für die Werkstoffe nach EN 13445-2 und EN 13445-3 abgeleitet werden oder in
dieser Norm festgelegt sind. Ferner sollten Behälter grundsätzlich, die nach dieser Norm ausgelegt sind, eine
maximale Auslegungstemperatur von 200 °C und einen maximalen Auslegungsdruck von 64 bar aufweisen.
Außerhalb dieser Grenzwerte muss für die Konstruktion, Herstellung und Prüfung der Behälter grundsätzlich
EN 13445 herangezogen werden. In diesen Fällen müssen die besonderen Merkmale der Kälteanlage, wie in
der Einleitung der vorliegenden Norm angegeben, ebenfalls berücksichtigt werden.
Druckbehälter für Kälteanlagen und Wärmepumpen einer Kategorie unter II nach Anhang H müssen den einschlägigen
Abschnitten in EN 378-2 für Behälter entsprechen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Druckbehälter, deren wichtigste drucktragende Teile aus duktilen metallischen
Werkstoffen nach den Festlegungen in 4 und Anhang I dieser Norm hergestellt sind.

Equipements sous pression pour systèmes de réfrigération et pompes à chaleur - Partie 1: Récipients - Exigences générales

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives aux matériaux, à la conception, à la fabrication, aux
essais et à la documentation concernant les récipients sous pression fixes destinés à être utilisés dans des systèmes
de réfrigération et pompes à chaleur. Ces systèmes sont dénommés dans la présente norme, systèmes de
réfrigération tels que défini dans l’EN 378-1.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux récipients comportant les raccords soudés ou brasés y compris les
brides de tubulure, les raccords vissés, soudés ou brasés ou d’autre part au bord à souder ou à braser au premier
joint circulaire de raccordement à la tuyauterie ou à d’autres éléments.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux récipients soumis à une pression intérieure jusqu’à – 1 bar nécessaire
pour réaliser la vidange du récipient avant de charger le fluide frigorigène.
La présente Norme européenne concerne les conditions de chargement mécanique et les conditions thermiques
telles que définies dans l’EN 13445-3 associées aux systèmes de réfrigération. Elle s’applique aux récipients sous
pression soumis aux températures maximales admissibles pour lesquelles sont induites les contraintes nominales de
calcul en utilisant les EN 13445-2 et EN 13445-3 ou telles que spécifiées dans la présente norme. Les récipients
conçus conformément à la présente norme doivent en outre avoir une température maximale de conception
n’excédant pas 200 °C et une pression maximale de conception n’excédant pas 64 bars. En dehors de ces limites,
l’EN 13445 doit être utilisé pour la conception, la construction et l’inspection du récipient. Dans ces circonstances,
la nature particulière de l’installation de réfrigération, tel qu’indiqué dans l’introduction de la présente norme, doit
également être prise en compte.

Tlačna oprema za hladilne sisteme in toplotne črpalke - 1. del: Posode - Splošne zahteve

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve za material, načrtovanje, proizvodnjo, preskušanje in dokumentacijo tlačnih posod, ki se uporabljajo v hladilnih sistemih in toplotnih črpalkah. Ti sistemi so navedeni v tem standardu kot hladilni sistemi, kot je določeno v EN 378-1.
Ta evropski standard velja za posode, vključno s privarjenimi ali pritrjenimi priključki do prirobnic za šobe in vključno z njimi, za privite, privarjene ali pritrjene konektorje ali na rob privarjene ali pritrjene priključke pri prvem obodnem spoju, ki povezujejo cevi na druge elemente.
Ta evropski standard velja za tlačne posode z notranjim negativnim tlakom do –1 bar, ob upoštevanju praznjenja posode pred polnjenjem s hladilom.
Ta evropski standard velja za mehanske nakladalne pogoje in toplotne pogoje, kot je določeno v EN 13445-3, povezane s hladilnimi sistemi. Velja za tlačne posode, izpostavljene maksimalnim dovoljenim temperaturam, za katere so nominalne načrtovane obremenitve za materiale izpeljane iz EN 13445-2 in EN 13445-3 ali pa so določene v tem standardu. Poleg tega morajo posode, načrtovane v skladu s tem standardom, imeti maksimalno načrtovano temperaturo manjšo od 200 °C in maksimalni načrtovani tlak nižji od 64 barov. Zunaj teh omejitev je pomembno, da se EN 13445 uporablja za načrtovanje, gradnjo in pregled posod. V teh okoliščinah je pomembno, da se edinstvena narava hladilne opreme, kot je določena v uvodu tega standarda, prav tako upošteva.
Pomembno je, da so tlačne posode, uporabljene v hladilnih sistemih in toplotnih črpalkah, in kategorije manjše od II, kot je določeno v dodatku H, v skladu z drugimi pomembnimi klavzulami EN 378-2 za posode.
Ta evropski standard velja za tlačne posode, kjer so deli, ki nosijo glavni tlak, proizvedeni iz raztegljivih kovinskih materialov, kot je določeno v klavzuli 4 in dodatku I tega standarda.
Ta evropski standard ne velja za posode naslednjih vrst:
- posode kovičenih konstrukcij;
- večplastne, rebričene ali vnaprej obremenjene posode;
- posode, neposredno grete s plamenom;
- izmenjevalnike toplote »valjani stik«.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
06-Apr-2011
Withdrawal Date
19-Apr-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
17-Apr-2020
Due Date
10-May-2020
Completion Date
20-Apr-2020

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.]DKWHYHDruckgeräte für Kälteanlagen und Wärmepumpen - Teil 1: Behälter - Allgemeine AnforderungenEquipements sous pression pour systèmes de réfrigération et pompes à chaleur - Partie 1: Récipients - Exigences généralesPressure equipment for refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Part 1: Vessels - General requirements27.200Hladilna tehnologijaRefrigerating technology27.080Heat pumps23.020.30MHNOHQNHPressure vessels, gas cylindersICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011en,fr,de01-maj-2011SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14276-1:2006+A1

February 2011 ICS 23.020.30; 27.080; 27.200 Supersedes EN 14276-1:2006English Version

Pressure equipment for refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Part 1: Vessels - General requirements

Equipements sous pression pour systèmes de réfrigération et pompes à chaleur - Partie 1: Récipients - Exigences générales

Druckgeräte für Kälteanlagen und Wärmepumpen - Teil 1: Behälter - Allgemeine Anforderungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 May 2006 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 13 December 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011: ESIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 2 Contents Foreword ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 51Scope .............................................................................................................................................................. 62Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 63Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 83.1Definitions ...................................................................................................................................................... 83.2Symbols, quantities and units .................................................................................................................... 114Materials ....................................................................................................................................................... 134.1General .......................................................................................................................................................... 134.2Requirements for materials to be used for pressurised parts ................................................................ 144.3Requirements for materials ........................................................................................................................ 144.4Requirements for prevention of brittle fracture ........................................................................................ 154.5Material documentation .............................................................................................................................. 164.6Materials for non-pressure retaining parts ............................................................................................... 165Pressure Vessel classification ................................................................................................................... 165.1Category of vessel ....................................................................................................................................... 165.2Fluid classification....................................................................................................................................... 176Design ........................................................................................................................................................... 176.1General .......................................................................................................................................................... 176.2Corrosion and corrosion protection .......................................................................................................... 176.3Stress corrosion cracking .......................................................................................................................... 186.4Loading ......................................................................................................................................................... 186.5Maximum allowable pressure PS ................................................................................................................ 186.6Design pressure Pd ...................................................................................................................................... 186.7Calculation pressure P or Pc ....................................................................................................................... 196.8Design temperature td .................................................................................................................................. 196.9Minimum material temperature .................................................................................................................. 196.10Calculation temperature tc ........................................................................................................................... 196.11Joint coefficient ........................................................................................................................................... 206.12Design stress ............................................................................................................................................... 216.13Access and inspection openings, venting and draining provisions, filling and discharge provisions and handling devices ............................................................................................................... 226.14Methods for design ...................................................................................................................................... 237Manufacturing .............................................................................................................................................. 287.1General .......................................................................................................................................................... 287.2Material traceability ..................................................................................................................................... 287.3Manufacturing tolerances ........................................................................................................................... 287.4Permanent joints .......................................................................................................................................... 287.5Forming of pressure parts .......................................................................................................................... 33SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 3 7.6Post weld heat treatment ............................................................................................................................ 347.7Internal cleanness ....................................................................................................................................... 347.8Repairs/Reworks .......................................................................................................................................... 347.9Finishing operations ................................................................................................................................... 348Testing and inspection................................................................................................................................ 358.1Performance of inspection and testing ..................................................................................................... 358.2Design documentation, review and approval ........................................................................................... 358.3Type approval .............................................................................................................................................. 378.4Calibration .................................................................................................................................................... 378.5Material ......................................................................................................................................................... 378.6Manufacturing .............................................................................................................................................. 388.7Non destructive testing ............................................................................................................................... 388.8Subcontracted elements ............................................................................................................................. 388.9Final inspection ........................................................................................................................................... 388.10Marking ......................................................................................................................................................... 398.11Documentation ............................................................................................................................................. 40Annex A (normative)

Alternative requirements for prevention of brittle fracture: Method according to temperature stress cases ........................................................................................................................... 42Annex B (normative)

Specification and approval of brazing procedures, brazers and brazing

operators ...................................................................................................................................................... 46Annex C (normative)

Pressure testing .................................................................................................................... 60Annex D (informative)

Relations between the different pressures ...................................................................... 64Annex E (normative)

Experimental methods ......................................................................................................... 65Annex F (normative)

Material characteristics for design ...................................................................................... 70Annex G (informative)

Component classification in the sense of the

Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) ............................................................................................................................................................. 72Annex H (informative)

Selection of module of conformity .................................................................................... 73Annex I (normative)

Grouping system for materials ............................................................................................. 75Annex J (informative)

DN System ............................................................................................................................ 77Annex K (normative)

Specification and approval of expansion procedures and operators ............................. 78Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC ............................................................................................................................. 84Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 86 SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 182 “Refrigerat-ing systems, safety and environmental requirements”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2011. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2010-12-13. This document supersedes EN 14276-1:2006. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! ". Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association to support Essential Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC concerning Pressure Equip-ment. For relationship with EU Directive 97/23/EC see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. This document consists of the following parts under the general title "Pressure equipment for refrigerating systems and heat pumps":  Part 1: Vessels – General requirements  Part 2: Piping – General requirements According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following coun-tries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxem-bourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 5 Introduction This standard recognises the unique nature of vessels for refrigerating systems or heat pumps and is intended to address the specific needs of the refrigeration and heat pump industry. This standard should be read in conjunction with the various parts of EN 13445. When the text of this standard modifies or supplements a clause within EN 13445, then this standard should pre-vail. Where this standard does not modify or supplement the requirements of a clause, the requirements of EN 13445 should prevail. The unique nature of a refrigerating system is defined as follows: a) the purpose of the refrigerating system is to extract and reject heat (this involves both cooling and heating); b) to operate the refrigerating system a pressure-imposing element (e.g. a compressor or an energy source) is necessary; c) the refrigerating system has a defined refrigerant charge in a closed circuit; d) the refrigerant has a chemical composition and purity defined in the relevant standards; e) the pressure of the refrigerant decreases when the temperature decreases (see typical curve in Annex A of this standard); f) due to the maximum temperature limit of 200 °C and the maximum pressure limit of 64 bar, the time depend-ant creep and fatigue due to pressure variation or vibrations are not significant design factors except for some materials such as aluminium, copper and titanium where the fatigue shall be taken into account; g) the risk of overpressure is due to: — the pressure imposing element; — an external heat source (e.g. fire or hot water); — improper operation. h) the refrigerating system is designed to minimise refrigerant emissions and the ingress of contaminants. Only hermetic compressors are covered by this standard. SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the requirements for material, design, manufacturing, testing and documentation for stationary pressure vessels intended for use in refrigerating systems and heat pumps. These systems are refer-enced in this standard as refrigerating systems as defined in EN 378-1. This European Standard applies to vessels including welded or brazed attachments up to and including the nozzle flanges, screwed, welded or brazed connectors or to the edge to be welded or brazed at the first circumferential joint connecting piping or other elements. This European Standard applies to pressure vessels with an internal pressure down to – 1 bar, to account for the evacuation of the vessel prior to charging with refrigerant. This European Standard applies to both the mechanical loading conditions and thermal conditions as defined in EN 13445-3 associated with refrigerating systems. It applies to pressure vessels subject to the maximum allowable temperatures for which nominal design stresses for materials are derived using EN 13445-2 and EN 13445-3 or as specified in this standard. In addition vessels designed to this standard should have a maximum design tempera-ture not exceeding 200 °C and a maximum design pressure not exceeding 64 bars. Outside of these limits, it is im-portant that EN 13445 be used for the design, construction and inspection of the vessel. Under these circum-stances it is important that the unique nature of refrigerating plant, as indicated in the introduction to this standard, also be taken into account.

It is important that pressure vessels used in refrigerating systems and heat pumps of category less than II as de-fined in Annex H comply with other relevant clauses of EN 378-2 for vessels. This European Standard applies to pressure vessels where the main pressure bearing parts are manufactured from metallic ductile materials as defined in Clause 4 and Annex I of this standard.

This European Standard does not apply to vessels of the following types: — vessels of riveted construction; — multilayered, autofrettaged or prestressed vessels; — vessels directly heated by a flame; — « roll bond » heat exchangers. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 287-1:2004, Qualification test of welders — Fusion welding — Part 1: Steels !EN 378-1:2008+A1:2010, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements — Part 1: Basic requirements, definitions, classification and selection criteria EN 378-2:2008+A1:2009, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements — Part 2: Design, construction, testing, marking and documentation EN 378-4:2008, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements — Part 4: Op-eration, maintenance, repair and recovery" EN 764-1:2004, Pressure equipment — Part 1: Terminology — Pressure, temperature, volume, nominal size EN 764-2:2002, Pressure equipment — Part 2: Quantities, symbols and units SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 7 EN 764-3:2002, Pressure equipment — Part 3: Definition of parties involved EN 764-4:2002, Pressure equipment — Part 4: Establishment of technical delivery conditions for metallic materials EN 764-5:2002, Pressure equipment — Part 5: Compliance and inspection documentation of materials EN 837-1:1996, Pressure gauges — Part 1: Bourdon tube pressure gauges — Dimensions, metrology, require-ments and testing EN 910:1996, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Bend tests !EN 1005-2:2003+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 2: Manual handling of machinery and component parts of machinery" !deleted text" EN 1045:1997, Brazing — Fluxes for brazing — Classification and technical delivery conditions !EN 1173:2008, Copper and copper alloys — Material condition designation" EN 1418:1997, Welding personnel — Approval testing of welding operators for fusion welding and resistance weld

setters for fully mechanized and automatic welding of metallic materials !deleted text" !EN 10111:2008, Continuously hot-rolled low carbon steel sheet and strip for cold forming — Technical delivery conditions EN 10130:2006, Cold-rolled low carbon steel flat products for cold forming — Technical delivery conditions" EN 10160:1999, Ultrasonic testing of steel flat product of thickness equal or greater than 6 mm (reflection method) EN 10164:2004, Steel products with improved deformation properties perpendicular to the surface of the product — Technical delivery conditions EN 10204:2004, Metallic products — Types of inspection documents !EN 12517-1:2006, Non-destructive testing of welds — Part 1: Evaluation of welded joints in steel, nickel,

titanium and their alloys by radiography — Acceptance levels" EN 12797:2000 + A1:2003, Brazing — Destructive tests of brazed joints EN 12799:2000 + A1:2003, Brazing — Non-destructive examination of brazed joints !EN 13445-2:2009, Unfired pressure vessels — Part 2: Materials EN 13445-3:2009, Unfired pressure vessels — Part 3: Design EN 13445-4:2009, Unfired pressure vessels — Part 4: Fabrication EN 13445-5:2009, Unfired pressure vessels — Part 5: Inspection and testing EN 13445-6:2009, Unfired pressure vessels — Part 6: Requirements for the design and fabrication of pressure vessels and pressure vessel parts constructed from spheroidal graphite cast iron EN 13445-8:2009, Unfired pressure vessels — Part 8: Additional requirements for pressure vessels of aluminium and aluminium alloys" EN 22553:1994, Welded, brazed and soldered joints — Symbolic representation on drawings (ISO 2553:1992) SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 8 EN ISO 3677:1995, Filler metal for soft soldering, brazing and braze welding — Designation (ISO 3677:1992) !EN ISO 4063:2009, Welding and allied processes — Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers (ISO 4063:2009)" !EN ISO 5817:2007, Welding — Fusion-welded joints in steel, nickel, titanium and their alloys (beam welding excluded) — Quality levels for imperfections (ISO 5817:2003, corrected version:2005, including Technical Corri-gendum 1:2006)" !EN ISO 6892-1:2009, Metallic materials — Tensile testing — Part 1: Method of test at room temperature (ISO 6892-1:2009)" EN ISO 7438:2005, Metallic materials — Bend test (ISO 7438:2005) EN ISO 10012:2003, Measurement management systems — Requirements for measurement processes and measuring equipment (ISO 10012:2003) EN ISO 15607:2003, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — General rules

(ISO 15607:2003) EN ISO 15609-1:2004, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Welding pro-cedure specification — Part 1: Arc welding (ISO 15609-1:2004) EN ISO 15611:2003, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification based on previous welding experience (ISO 15611:2003) EN ISO 15612:2004, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification by adoption of a standard welding procedure (ISO 15612:2004) EN ISO 15614-1:2004, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Welding pro-cedure test — Part 1: Arc and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys (ISO 15614-1:2004) EN ISO 15614-8:2002, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Welding pro-cedure test — Part 8: Welding of tubes to tube-plate joints (ISO 15614-8:2002) !EN ISO 17672:2010, Brazing — Filler metals (ISO 17672:2010)" ISO 817:2005, Refrigerants — Designation system ISO 857-1:1998, Welding and allied processes — Vocabulary — Part 1: Metal welding processes ISO 5187:1985, Welding and allied processes — Assemblies made with soft solders and brazing filler metals — Mechanical test methods 3 Terms and definitions !For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 378-1:2008+A1:2010, EN 764-1:2004,

EN 764-2:2002, EN 764-3:2002, EN 764-4:2002, EN 764-5:2002, ISO 857-1:1998 and the following apply." 3.1

Definitions 3.1.1 Temperatures stress cases 3.1.1.1 min t0 100 lowest temperature at which pressurised parts are allowed to be used at a stress of up to 100 % of the design stress at 20 °C (standard design stress) SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 9 3.1.1.2 min t0 75 lowest temperature at which pressurised parts are allowed to be used when their stress is a maximum of 75 % of the design stress at 20 °C (reduced stress) 3.1.1.3 min t0 50 lowest temperature at which pressurised parts are allowed to be used when their stress is a maximum of 50 % of the design stress at 20 °C (medium stress) 3.1.1.4 min t0 25

lowest temperature at which pressurised parts are allowed to be used when their stress is a maximum of 25 % of the design stress at 20 °C (low stress) 3.1.2 corrosion all forms of material wastage (e.g. oxidation, erosion, wear and abrasion) !3.1.3 safety data sheet document which gives all necessary information for prevention, safety, storage, transportation, labelling, use and disposal of substances and preparations which have a risk for health, safety or environment" 3.1.4 maximum design temperature highest temperature that can occur during operation or standstill of the refrigerating system or during testing under test conditions NOTE This temperature is equivalent to the maximum allowable temperature as defined in article 1.2.4 of the PED. 3.1.5 minimum design temperature lowest temperature that can occur during operation or standstill of the refrigerating system or during testing under test conditions NOTE This temperature is equivalent to the minimum allowable temperature as defined in article 1.2.4 of the PED. 3.1.6 main pressure bearing part components of the vessel retaining the pressure and contributing to the vessel strength such as shell, tubesheet, end plate, dished ends, connection or fitting 3.1.7 volume internal volume of a compartment ready for operation, including the volume of nozzles to the first connection (flange, coupling, weld, braze) and excluding the volume of permanent internal part 3.1.8 « roll bond » heat exchanger

heat exchanger consisting of two plates which are weld-bonded together with the exception of the printed circuit forming the refrigerant passage which is obtained by inflation under pressure 3.1.9 maximum operating pressure

maximum pressure which the vessel can withstand without the operation of any safety accessory with a continuous operation of the pressure generator (compressor, heat source...) NOTE This pressure determines the maximum operating conditions for equipment users. SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 10 3.1.10 maximum standstill pressure maximum pressure which the vessel can withstand without operation of any safety accessory when the pressure generator is not in operation. This pressure occurs during transportation, storage or shut down of the pressure generator 3.1.11 deep drawing process of forming by stamping when the ratio of depth (H) by diameter (D) is greater than or equal to 0,45, see Figure 1

Key H depth D diameter Figure 1 — Deep drawing 3.1.12 manual brazing brazing operation performed and controlled by hand 3.1.13 semi-automatic brazing brazing with equipment which controls only the brazing filler metal feed. NOTE The advance of the brazing is manually controlled 3.1.14 machine brazing brazing with equipment which performs the brazing operation under the constant control of a brazing operator 3.1.15 automatic brazing brazing with equipment which performs the brazing operation without constant observation and adjustment by a brazing operator 3.1.16 brazer person who performs a manual or semiautomatic brazing operation 3.1.17 brazing operator person who operates a machine or automatic brazing equipment 3.1.18 semiautomatic expansion expansion with equipment which controls the operation and where the operator manually introduces the equipment to the inside of the tube SIST EN 14276-1:2007+A1:2011

EN 14276-1:2006+A1:2011 (E) 11 3.1.19 machine expansion expansion with equipment which performs the expansion operation under the cons

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