Determination of ferrite content in austenitic stainless steel castings (ISO 13520:2015)

ISO 13520:2015 specifies procedures which are covered for estimating ferrite content in certain grades of austenitic iron-chromium-nickel alloy castings that have compositions balanced to create the formation of ferrite as a second phase in amounts controlled within specified limits. Methods are described for estimating ferrite content by chemical, magnetic and metallographic means.

Bestimmung des Ferritgehaltes in austenitischem nichtrostenden Stahlguss (ISO 13520:2015)

Détermination du taux de ferrite des pièces moulées en acier inoxydable austénitique (ISO 13520:2015)

Des modes opératoires pour l'estimation du taux de ferrite de certaines nuances de pièces moulées en alliage austénitique de fer-chrome-nickel dont la composition est équilibrée pour provoquer la formation de ferrite en phase secondaire et en quantité maintenue dans des limites spécifiées, sont donnés. Les méthodes décrites permettent l'estimation du taux de ferrite par des procédés chimiques, magnétiques et métallographiques.

Določevanje feritov v avstenitnih ulitkih iz nerjavečega jekla (ISO 13520:2015)

Standard ISO 13520:2015 določa postopke, ki so zajeti za ocenjevanje vsebnosti ferita v določenih razredih ulitkov iz avstenitnih železo-kromo-nikljevih zlitin, katerih sestave so uravnotežene za ustvarjanje oblikovanja ferita kot druge faze v količinah, nadzorovanih znotraj določenih omejitev. Opisane so metode za vrednotenje vsebnosti ferita s kemičnimi, magnetnimi in metalografskimi sredstvi.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Oct-2018
Publication Date
07-Apr-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Apr-2019
Due Date
10-Jun-2019
Completion Date
08-Apr-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
01-junij-2019
'RORþHYDQMHIHULWRYYDYVWHQLWQLKXOLWNLKL]QHUMDYHþHJDMHNOD ,62

Determination of ferrite content in austenitic stainless steel castings (ISO 13520:2015)

Bestimmung des Ferritgehaltes in austenitischem nichtrostenden Stahlguss (ISO
13520:2015)

Détermination du taux de ferrite des pièces moulées en acier inoxydable austénitique

(ISO 13520:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 13520:2019
ICS:
77.140.20 Visokokakovostna jekla Stainless steels
77.140.80 Železni in jekleni ulitki Iron and steel castings
SIST EN ISO 13520:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
EN ISO 13520
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 77.140.80
English Version
Determination of ferrite content in austenitic stainless
steel castings (ISO 13520:2015)

Détermination du taux de ferrite des pièces moulées en Bestimmung des Ferritgehaltes in austenitischem

acier inoxydable austénitique (ISO 13520:2015) nichtrostenden Stahlguss (ISO 13520:2015)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 November 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 13520:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
EN ISO 13520:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
EN ISO 13520:2019 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 13520:2015 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 17 "Steel” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 13520:2019 by

Technical Committee CEN/TC 459 “Steel castings and forgings” the secretariat of which is held by

AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2019, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 13520:2015 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 13520:2019 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13520
Second edition
2015-10-01
Determination of ferrite content in
austenitic stainless steel castings
Détermination du taux de ferrite des pièces moulées en acier
inoxydable austénitique
Reference number
ISO 13520:2015(E)
ISO 2015
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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
ISO 13520:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
ISO 13520:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Significance effects of ferrite content ............................................................................................................................................. 1

5 Methods of determination of ferrite content .......................................................................................................................... 2

5.1 Chemical composition method.................................................................................................................................................. 2

5.2 Magnetic response method .......................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.3 Metallographic examination ........................................................................................................................................................ 2

6 Ordering information ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

7 General caution ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

8 Estimation of ferrite .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

9 Acceptance standards ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

10 Certification ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex A (normative) Determination of ferrite content by magnetic or metallographic means............4

Annex B (informative) Notes to Schoefer diagram ................................................................................................................................. 5

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
ISO 13520:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 017, TC Steel, Subcommittee SC 11, SC Steel

castings.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 13520:2002), which has been

technically revised.
iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13520:2015(E)
Determination of ferrite content in austenitic stainless
steel castings
1 Scope

Procedures are covered for estimating ferrite content in certain grades of austenitic iron-chromium-

nickel alloy castings that have compositions balanced to create the formation of ferrite as a second

phase in amounts controlled within specified limits. Methods are described for estimating ferrite

content by chemical, magnetic and metallographic means.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 4990, Steel castings — General technical delivery requirements

ISO 9042, Steels — Manual point counting method for statistically estimating the volume fraction of a

constituent with a point grid

ASTM A799, Standard Practice for Steel Castings, Stainless, Instrument Calibration, for Estimating

Ferrite Content

BNIF 345, Evaluation de la teneur en ferrite dans les aciers inoxydables moulés austénitiques

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
ferrite

ferromagnetic, body-centred cubic microstructural constituent of variable chemical composition in

iron-chromium-nickel alloys
Note 1 to entry: Ferrite includes both delta and alpha species.
3.2
ferrite content

proportion of total volume of an iron-chromium-nickel alloy present as the ferrite phase

3.3
ferrite percentage
ferrite content expressed as a volume percent
4 Significance effects of ferrite content

The tensile and impact properties, the weldability, and the corrosion resistance of iron-chromium-

nickel alloy castings may be influenced beneficially or detrimentally by the ratio of the amount of ferrite

to the amount of austenite in the microstructure. The ferrite content may be limited by purchase order

requirements or by the design construction codes governing the equipment in which castings will be

used. The quantity of ferrite in the structure is fundamentally a function of the chemical composition

of the alloy and its thermal history. Because of segregation, the chemical composition and, therefore,

the ferrite content, may differ from point to point on a casting. Determination of the ferrite content by

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 13520:2019
ISO 13520:2015(E)

any of the procedures described in Clause 5 is subject to varying degrees of imprecision which shall

be recognized in setting realistic limits on the range of ferrite content specified. Sources of error are

described in 5.1 to 5.3.
5 Methods of determination of ferrite content
5.1 Chemical composition method

Deviations from the actual content of each element present in an alloy because of chemical analysis

variance, although possibly minor in each case, can result in substantial difference in the ratio of total

ferrite-promoting to total austenite-promoting elements. Therefore the precision of the ferrite content

estimated from chemical composition depends on the accuracy of the chemical analysis procedure.

The estimation of ferrite percent by means of the chemical composition offers the most useful and most

common method of ferrite control during melting of the metal.
5.2 Magnetic response method

Phases other than ferrite and austenite may be formed at certain temperatures and persist at room

temperature. Contamination from other ferromagnetic materials may also
...

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