Fixed Radio Systems - Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point equipment and antennas - Part 4: Antennas

The present document defines the characteristics and requirements of antennas for point-to-point radio equipment
operating in the frequency range from 1 GHz to 86 GHz falling within the scope of ETSI EN 302 217-2 [i.4].
For technical commonalities that range is here divided into sub-ranges as follows:
Range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
Range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz;
Range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz;
Range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz;
Range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz;
Range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz;
Range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz;
Range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz.
The present document is applicable to fixed radio equipment with integral or dedicated antennas, and to stand-alone
antennas. In the latter case the present document may be used to provide guidance as to the information to be supplied
by a manufacturer as required by article 10 paragraph 8 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].
The main body of the present document specifies the characteristics that define the various antenna classes, whilst the
annexes provide additional information that is useful to both antenna manufacturers and user/installers.

Fiksni radijski sistemi - Karakteristike in zahteve za opremo in antene tipa točka-točka - 4. del: Antene

Ta dokument določa karakteristike in zahteve za antene za radijsko opremo tipa točka-točka, ki deluje v frekvenčnem območju od 1 GHz do 86 GHz in spada na področje uporabe standarda ETSI EN 302 217-2 [i.4].
Glede na skupne tehnične lastnosti je to območje v tem dokumentu razdeljeno na naslednja podobmočja:
Območje 0: 1 GHz do 3 GHz;
Območje 1: 3 GHz do 14 GHz;
Območje 2: 14 GHz do 20 GHz;
Območje 3: 20 GHz do 24 GHz;
Območje 4: 24 GHz do 30 GHz;
Območje 5: 30 GHz do 47 GHz;
Območje 6: 47 GHz do 66 GHz;
Območje 7: 66 GHz do 86 GHz.
Ta dokument se uporablja za fiksno radijsko opremo z vgrajenimi ali namenskimi antenami in za samostojne antene. V zadnjem primeru se lahko ta dokument uporablja kot vodilo, katere informacije mora proizvajalec posredovati v skladu z 8. odstavkom 10. člena direktive 2014/53/EU [i.2].
Glavni del tega dokumenta določa karakteristike, ki opredeljujejo različne razrede anten, medtem ko dodatki vsebujejo koristne dodatne informacije za proizvajalce in uporabnike/monterje anten.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
14-Sep-2016
Publication Date
06-Jun-2017
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
29-May-2017
Due Date
03-Aug-2017
Completion Date
07-Jun-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Fixed Radio Systems - Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point equipment and antennas - Part 4: Antennas33.120.40AnteneAerials33.060.30Radiorelejni in fiksni satelitski komunikacijski sistemiRadio relay and fixed satellite communications systemsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017en01-julij-2017SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point equipment and antennas; Part 4: Antennas

EUROPEAN STANDARD SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017
ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 2

Reference DEN/ATTM-0435 Keywords antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, point-to-point, radio, regulation, transmission ETSI 650 Route des Lucioles F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE

Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00
Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16

Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88

Important notice The present document can be downloaded from: http://www.etsi.org/standards-search The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the only prevailing document is the print of the Portable Document Format (PDF) version kept on a specific network drive within ETSI Secretariat. Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status. Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services: https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx Copyright Notification No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI. The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI. The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.

© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2017. All rights reserved.

DECTTM, PLUGTESTSTM, UMTSTM and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members. 3GPPTM and LTE™ are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners. GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association. SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 3 Contents Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4 Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4 Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 5 2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 5 2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 5 2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6 3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 6 3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 6 3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 6 3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 6 4 Technical requirements specifications ..................................................................................................... 7 4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 7 4.2 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) classes ............................................................. 7 4.3 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 10 4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 10 4.4.2 Frequency range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz .......................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3 Frequency range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz ........................................................................................................ 15 4.4.4 Frequency range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz ....................................................................................................... 18 4.4.5 Frequency range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz ....................................................................................................... 21 4.4.6 Frequency range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz ....................................................................................................... 24 4.4.7 Frequency range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz ....................................................................................................... 27 4.4.8 Frequency range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz ....................................................................................................... 31 4.4.9 Frequency range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz ....................................................................................................... 34 4.5 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) ................................................................................................................... 37 4.5.1 XPD categories ........................................................................................................................................... 37 4.5.2 XPD category 1 ........................................................................................................................................... 38 4.5.3 XPD categories 2 and 3 .............................................................................................................................. 38 4.5.3.1 Frequency range 1 GHz to 3 GHz ......................................................................................................... 38 4.5.3.2 Frequency range 3 GHz to 86 GHz ....................................................................................................... 38 4.6 Antenna gain .................................................................................................................................................... 40 5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 40 5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 40 5.2 Wide radio-frequency band covering antennas specification and tests ............................................................ 40 Annex A (informative): Additional information .................................................................................. 41 A.1 Mechanical characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 41 A.1.1 Environmental characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 41 A.1.2 Wind ratings ..................................................................................................................................................... 41 A.1.3 Antenna stability .............................................................................................................................................. 41 A.2 Antenna input connectors ....................................................................................................................... 42 A.3 Return loss at the input ports .................................................................................................................. 42 A.4 Inter-port isolation .................................................................................................................................. 42 A.5 Antenna labelling ................................................................................................................................... 42 Annex B (informative): Antenna gain and radiation pattern information ....................................... 43 B.1 Impact of antenna gain on the frequency planning ................................................................................ 43 B.2 Gain and typical radiation pattern for circular-symmetric antennas ...................................................... 43 History .............................................................................................................................................................. 45

SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 4 Intellectual Property Rights IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web server (https://ipr.etsi.org/). Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document. Foreword This European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM). The present document is part 4 of a multi-part deliverable covering the Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point equipment and antennas. Full details of the entire series can be found in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2].

National transposition dates Date of adoption of this EN: 15 September 2016 Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 31 December 2016 Date of latest publication of new National Standard or endorsement of this EN (dop/e):

30 June 2017 Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 30 June 2018

Modal verbs terminology In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and "cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of provisions). "must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation. SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 5 1 Scope The present document defines the characteristics and requirements of antennas for point-to-point radio equipment operating in the frequency range from 1 GHz to 86 GHz falling within the scope of ETSI EN 302 217-2 [i.4]. For technical commonalities that range is here divided into sub-ranges as follows: Range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz; Range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz; Range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz; Range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz; Range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz; Range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz; Range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz; Range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz. The present document is applicable to fixed radio equipment with integral or dedicated antennas, and to stand-alone antennas. In the latter case the present document may be used to provide guidance as to the information to be supplied by a manufacturer as required by article 10 paragraph 8 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2]. The main body of the present document specifies the characteristics that define the various antenna classes, whilst the annexes provide additional information that is useful to both antenna manufacturers and user/installers. 2 References 2.1 Normative references References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference. NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee their long term validity. The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document. [1] ETSI EN 301 126-3-1 (V1.1.2): "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 3-1: Point-to-Point antennas; Definitions, general requirements and test procedures". [2] ETSI EN 302 217-1 (V3.1.1): "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for

point-to-point equipment and antennas; Part 1: Overview, common characteristics and system-independent requirements". [3] IEC 60154-1: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 1: General requirements". [4] IEC 60154-2: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for flanges for ordinary rectangular waveguides". [5] IEC 60169-1: "Radio-frequency connectors. Part 1: General requirements and measuring methods". SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 6 2.2 Informative references References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee their long term validity. The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the user with regard to a particular subject area. [i.1] Void. [i.2] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC. [i.3] Void. [i.4] ETSI EN 302 217-2 (V3.1.1): "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to-point equipment and antennas; Part 2: Digital systems operating in frequency bands from 1 GHz to 86 GHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU". [i.5] Void. [i.6] ETSI EN 301 126-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 1: Point-to-point equipment - Definitions, general requirements and test procedures". [i.7] Recommendation ITU-R F.699: "Reference radiation patterns for fixed wireless system antennas for use in coordination studies and interference assessment in the frequency range from 100 MHz to about 70 GHz". 3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations 3.1 Definitions For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply. 3.2 Symbols For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply. 3.3 Abbreviations For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply. SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 7 4 Technical requirements specifications 4.1 Introduction The electrical characteristics are given as function of specific classification of the antennas according to the principles referred to in clause 4.2. The antenna manufacturer shall state, for each antenna type, the frequency band of operation and antenna gain at least at the frequency band edges and at mid-band. An antenna, which employs a radome, shall meet the requirements of the present document with the radome in place. The antenna system shall radiate a linear (single or dual) polarized wave.

4.2 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) classes The RPE directional characteristic (co-polar and cross-polar) impacts the interference situation in the network planning and a trade-off between a highly demanding RPE and the cost/size/weight of the antennas, compatible with the constraints given by present and future networks is then advisable. With respect to the Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), four classes (RPE classes 1 to 4) have been identified according maximum co-polar limit templates for any actual RPE mask in significant range of off-axis azimuth angles. The templates for subdivision in those classes are also depending on given frequency ranges of operation according to figures 1 to 4 and table 1. When more than one actual standardized RPE falls within the same class template, a sub-class indicative (A, B, C, etc.) shall be used according their more demanding RPE limit in angles closer to the intended direction. NOTE: Figures 1 to 4 report limit templates for any actual RPE mask of classes 2, 3 and 4 antennas; class 1 antennas are defined as those which actual RPE mask exceeds class 2 limit template.

Figure 1: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes

in the range 1 GHz to 3 GHz (see table 1) -35-30-25-20-15-10-50510150102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Class 2Class 3Class 4SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 8
Figure 2: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 3 GHz to 30 GHz (see table 1)
Figure 3: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes

in the range 30 GHz to 66 GHz (see table 1) -35-30-25-20-15-10-50510150102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Class 2Class 3Class 4-35-30-25-20-15-10-50510150102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Class 2Class 3Class 4SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 9
Figure 4: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes

in the range 66 GHz to 86 GHz (see table 1) Table 1: Corner points of co-polar limits for actual RPE templates (see figures 1, 2, 3 and 4) RPE classes (see note 1) Co-polar maximum limit templates for actual RPEs Range 1 GHz to 3 GHz (see note 2) Range 3 GHz to 30 GHz

Range 30 GHz to 66 GHz (see note 3) Range 66 GHz to 86 GHz Azimuth angle (°) Maximum gain (dBi) Azimuth angle (°) Maximum gain (dBi) Azimuth angle (°) Maximum gain (dBi) Azimuth angle (°) Maximum gain (dBi) 2 40 5 20 12 20 12 20 7 90 5 80 2 70 0 40 2 120 -10 105 -18 90 -17 70 -2 180 -10 180 -18 180 -17 88,75 -7

100 -7
100 -10

180 -10 3 30 3 20 8 20 1 20 1 80 2 65 -2 50 -1 50 -1 110 -15 100 -22 70 -4 70 -4 180 -15 180 -22 90 -17 90 -17

180 -17 180 -17 4 25 0 20 -4 20 -4 20 -4 75 -5 105 -30 90 -21 90 -21 105 -20 180 -30 180 -21 180 -21 180 -20

NOTE 1: Class 1 antennas are defined as those which actual RPE exceeds class 2 template limit. NOTE 2: No specific class 4 antenna RPE is defined for this frequency range; the corresponding limit template in table 1 is set for possible future use. NOTE 3: No specific class 4 antenna RPE is defined for the frequency range 47 GHz to 66 GHz; the corresponding limit template in table 1 is set for possible future use. -35-30-25-20-15-10-50510150102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Class 2Class 3Class 4SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 10 4.3 Environmental profile The required environmental profile for operation of the antenna or the equipment-antenna assembly (in case of systems with integral antenna) shall be declared by the manufacturer. The antenna shall comply with all the technical requirements of the present document at all times when operating within the boundary limits of the declared operational environmental profile. For testing the compliance to technical requirements refer also to ETSI EN 301 126-3-1 [1] and clause 5 in the present document. 4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) 4.4.1 Introduction The present document defines all currently available Antenna RPE classes. An overview of which is given in table 2. Table 2: Summary of RPE classes represented in the present document Frequency range (GHz) Antenna Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) class 1 to 3

1A, 1B, 1C, 2, 3 3 to 14
1, 2, 3, 4 14 to 20
1, 2, 3, 4 20 to 24
1, 2, 3, 4 24 to 30
1, 2, 3, 4 30 to 47
1, 2, 3A, 3B, 3C, 4 47 to 66
1, 2, 3A, 3B 66 to 86 1, 2, 3, 4
SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 11 4.4.2 Frequency range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the responsible administration. Figures 5 to 10 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2 and 3.

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 20 16 20 0 50 6 30 0 100 6 50 -6 140 -5 180 -6 180 -5

Figure 5: Class 1A antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz) -30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Co-polar (dBi)Cross-polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 12

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 15 20 20 0 40 6 30 0 100 6 50 -6 140 -5 180 -6 180 -5

Figure 6: Class 1B antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)

Azimuth angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Azimuth angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 20 12 20 0 40 4 30 0 110 -7 100 -10 180 -7 180 -10

Figure 7: Class 1C antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz, azimuth plane) -30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Co-polar (dBi)Cross-polar (dBi)-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Co-polar (dBi)Cross-polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 13
Elevation angle (°) dBi 20 15 60 1 90 -4
Figure 8: Class 1C antennas RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz, elevation plane)

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 20 12 20 0 40 4 30 0 90 4 100 -15 120 -12 180 -15 180 -12

Figure 9: Class 2 antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)-30-20-1001020300102030405060708090Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Co-polar (dBi)Cross-polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 14

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 10 18 20 0 30 3 30 0 80 2 100 -20 110 -18 180 -20 180 -18

Figure 10: Class 3 antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)

-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Co-polar (dBi)Cross-polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 15 4.4.3 Frequency range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the responsible administration. Figures 11 to 14 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 26 5 10 10 20 8 7 20 12 15 5 50 5 30 -2 110 5 70 -2 140 -8 100 -5 170 -8 120 -8 170 -6 180 -8 180 -6

Figure 11: RPEs for class 1 antennas in

the frequency range 3 GHz to 14 GHz -20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Co‑polar (dBi)Cross‑polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 16

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 26 5 10 10 20 10 5 20 12 15 5 50 5 30 -3 65 2 70 -3 80 2 100 -20 105 -20 180 -20 180 -20

Figure 12: Class 2 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz) -30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Gain (dBi)Co‑polar (dBi)Cross‑polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 17

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 20 5 5 20 8 10 0 70 -5 13 -5 100 -25 20 -5 180 -25 40 -6

50 -10
75 -15
95 -25
180 -25
Figure 13: Class 3 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz)

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 16 5 5 10 5 10 0 20 -7 13 -5 50 -18 20 -15 70 -20 30 -20 85 -24 40 -24 105 -30 45 -24 180 -30 70 -25

85 -25
105 -33
180 -33

Figure 14: Class 4 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz) -40-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Gain (dBi)Co‑polar (dBi)Cross‑polar (dBi)-40-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Gain (dBi)Co‑polar (dBi)Cross‑polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 18 4.4.4 Frequency range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the responsible administration. Figures 15 to 18 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 25 5 10 15 15 15 3 25 10 20 3 110 4 30 0 140 -8 45 0 170 -8 55 -3 170 -6 90 -3 180 -6 120 -8

180 -8

Figure 15: RPEs for class 1 antennas in the frequency range 14 GHz to 20 GHz -20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Co‑polar (dBi)Cross‑polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 19

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 25 5 10 15 13 7 7 20 10 15 2 70 0 20 2 80 -8 25 -1 100 -18 45 -1 160 -20 70 -10 180 -20 90 -20

180 -20

Figure 16: Class 2 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz) -30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Gain (dBi)Co‑polar (dBi)Cross‑polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 20
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle

(°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 18 5 5 10 9 10 1 25 2 30 -13 60 -4 50 -15 95 -27 85 -25 180 -27 95 -31

180 -31

Figure 17: Class 3 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz) -40-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Gain (dBi)Co‑polar (dBi)Cross‑polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 21

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 18 5 -3 10 9 13 -7 20 -4 20 -15 40 -13 30 -20 80 -25 65 -22 100 -30 95 -31 180 -30 180 -31

Figure 18: Class 4 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz) 4.4.5 Frequency range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the responsible administration. Figures 19 to 22 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4. -40-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Gain (dBi)Co‑polar (dBi)Cross‑polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 22

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 20 5 0 10 12 10 -5 20 12 20 -5 80 2 100 -7 100 -7 180 -10 180 -10

Figure 19: RPEs for antennas class 1 in the frequency range 20 GHz to 24 GHz -20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Maximum Gain (dBi)Co-polar (dBi)Cross-polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 23

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 20 5 -5 10 12 20 -5 20 10 35 -7 50 2 100 -25 70 0 180 -25 100 -20

180 -20
Figure 20: Class 2 antennas RPE (20 GHz to 24 GHz)

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 20 5 -5 10 12 10 -5 20 7 15 -8 40 3 35 -8 50 0 100 -30 100 -23 180 -30 180 -23

Figure 21: Class 3 antennas RPE (20 GHz to 24 GHz) -40-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Gain (dBi)Co-polar (dBi)Cross-polar (dBi)-40-30-20-100102030020406080100120140160180Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)Gain (dBi)Co-polar (dBi)Cross-polar (dBi)SIST EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1:2017

ETSI ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05) 24

Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi) 5 18 5 -5 10 9 13 -7 20 -4 20 -15 40 -13 30 -20 80 -25 65 -22 100 -30 95 -31 180 -30 180 -31

Figure 22: Class 4 ante
...

ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
EUROPEAN STANDARD
Fixed Radio Systems;
Characteristics and requirements
for point-to-point equipment and antennas;
Part 4: Antennas
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
Reference
DEN/ATTM-0435
Keywords
antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, point-to-point,
radio, regulation, transmission
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ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 5

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 5

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 6

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Technical requirements specifications ..................................................................................................... 7

4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.2 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) classes ............................................................. 7

4.3 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 10

4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ................................................................................................................... 10

4.4.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.4.2 Frequency range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz .......................................................................................................... 11

4.4.3 Frequency range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz ........................................................................................................ 15

4.4.4 Frequency range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz ....................................................................................................... 18

4.4.5 Frequency range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz ....................................................................................................... 21

4.4.6 Frequency range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz ....................................................................................................... 24

4.4.7 Frequency range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz ....................................................................................................... 27

4.4.8 Frequency range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz ....................................................................................................... 31

4.4.9 Frequency range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz ....................................................................................................... 34

4.5 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) ................................................................................................................... 37

4.5.1 XPD categories ........................................................................................................................................... 37

4.5.2 XPD category 1 ........................................................................................................................................... 38

4.5.3 XPD categories 2 and 3 .............................................................................................................................. 38

4.5.3.1 Frequency range 1 GHz to 3 GHz ......................................................................................................... 38

4.5.3.2 Frequency range 3 GHz to 86 GHz ....................................................................................................... 38

4.6 Antenna gain .................................................................................................................................................... 40

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 40

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 40

5.2 Wide radio-frequency band covering antennas specification and tests ............................................................ 40

Annex A (informative): Additional information .................................................................................. 41

A.1 Mechanical characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 41

A.1.1 Environmental characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 41

A.1.2 Wind ratings ..................................................................................................................................................... 41

A.1.3 Antenna stability .............................................................................................................................................. 41

A.2 Antenna input connectors ....................................................................................................................... 42

A.3 Return loss at the input ports .................................................................................................................. 42

A.4 Inter-port isolation .................................................................................................................................. 42

A.5 Antenna labelling ................................................................................................................................... 42

Annex B (informative): Antenna gain and radiation pattern information ....................................... 43

B.1 Impact of antenna gain on the frequency planning ................................................................................ 43

B.2 Gain and typical radiation pattern for circular-symmetric antennas ...................................................... 43

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 45

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access, Terminals, Transmission and

Multiplexing (ATTM).

The present document is part 4 of a multi-part deliverable covering the Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and

requirements for point-to-point equipment and antennas. Full details of the entire series can be found in ETSI

EN 302 217-1 [2].
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 15 September 2016
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 31 December 2016
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 30 June 2017
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 30 June 2018
Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
1 Scope

The present document defines the characteristics and requirements of antennas for point-to-point radio equipment

operating in the frequency range from 1 GHz to 86 GHz falling within the scope of ETSI EN 302 217-2 [i.4].

For technical commonalities that range is here divided into sub-ranges as follows:

Range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
Range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz;
Range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz;
Range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz;
Range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz;
Range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz;
Range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz;
Range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz.

The present document is applicable to fixed radio equipment with integral or dedicated antennas, and to stand-alone

antennas. In the latter case the present document may be used to provide guidance as to the information to be supplied

by a manufacturer as required by article 10 paragraph 8 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].

The main body of the present document specifies the characteristics that define the various antenna classes, whilst the

annexes provide additional information that is useful to both antenna manufacturers and user/installers.

2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI EN 301 126-3-1 (V1.1.2): "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 3-1: Point-to-

Point antennas; Definitions, general requirements and test procedures".

[2] ETSI EN 302 217-1 (V3.1.1): "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for

point-to-point equipment and antennas; Part 1: Overview, common characteristics and system-

independent requirements".
[3] IEC 60154-1: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 1: General requirements".

[4] IEC 60154-2: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for flanges for ordinary

rectangular waveguides".

[5] IEC 60169-1: "Radio-frequency connectors. Part 1: General requirements and measuring

methods".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.
[i.1] Void.

[i.2] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.
[i.3] Void.

[i.4] ETSI EN 302 217-2 (V3.1.1): "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-

to-point equipment and antennas; Part 2: Digital systems operating in frequency bands from 1 GHz

to 86 GHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive

2014/53/EU".
[i.5] Void.

[i.6] ETSI EN 301 126-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 1: Point-to-point

equipment - Definitions, general requirements and test procedures".

[i.7] Recommendation ITU-R F.699: "Reference radiation patterns for fixed wireless system antennas

for use in coordination studies and interference assessment in the frequency range from 100 MHz

to about 70 GHz".
3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply.

3.2 Symbols

For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply.

3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Introduction

The electrical characteristics are given as function of specific classification of the antennas according to the principles

referred to in clause 4.2.

The antenna manufacturer shall state, for each antenna type, the frequency band of operation and antenna gain at least at

the frequency band edges and at mid-band. An antenna, which employs a radome, shall meet the requirements of the

present document with the radome in place. The antenna system shall radiate a linear (single or dual) polarized wave.

4.2 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope
(RPE) classes

The RPE directional characteristic (co-polar and cross-polar) impacts the interference situation in the network planning

and a trade-off between a highly demanding RPE and the cost/size/weight of the antennas, compatible with the

constraints given by present and future networks is then advisable.

With respect to the Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), four classes (RPE classes 1 to 4) have been identified according

maximum co-polar limit templates for any actual RPE mask in significant range of off-axis azimuth angles. The

templates for subdivision in those classes are also depending on given frequency ranges of operation according to

figures 1 to 4 and table 1.

When more than one actual standardized RPE falls within the same class template, a sub-class indicative (A, B, C, etc.)

shall be used according their more demanding RPE limit in angles closer to the intended direction.

NOTE: Figures 1 to 4 report limit templates for any actual RPE mask of classes 2, 3 and 4 antennas; class 1

antennas are defined as those which actual RPE mask exceeds class 2 limit template.

Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 1020304050 60708090 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 1: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 1 GHz to 3 GHz (see table 1)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 2: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 3 GHz to 30 GHz (see table 1)
5 Class 2
Class 3
-5 Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 203040 5060708090 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 3: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 30 GHz to 66 GHz (see table 1)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi) Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
Class 2
0 Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 203040 5060708090 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 4: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 66 GHz to 86 GHz (see table 1)

Table 1: Corner points of co-polar limits for actual RPE templates (see figures 1, 2, 3 and 4)

RPE Co-polar maximum limit templates for actual RPEs
classes
Range 1 GHz to 3 GHz Range 30 GHz to 66 GHz
Range 3 GHz to 30 GHz Range 66 GHz to 86 GHz
(see
(see note 2) (see note 3)
note 1)
Azimuth Maximum Azimuth Maximum Azimuth Maximum Azimuth Maximum

angle (°) gain (dBi) angle (°) gain (dBi) angle (°) gain (dBi) angle (°) gain (dBi)

40 5 20 12 20 12 20 7
90 5 80 2 70 0 40 2
120 -10 105 -18 90 -17 70 -2
2 180 -10 180 -18 180 -17 88,75 -7
100 -7
100 -10
180 -10
30 3 20 8 20 1 20 1
80 2 65 -2 50 -1 50 -1
3 110 -15 100 -22 70 -4 70 -4
180 -15 180 -22 90 -17 90 -17
180 -17 180 -17
25 0 20 -4 20 -4 20 -4
75 -5 105 -30 90 -21 90 -21
105 -20 180 -30 180 -21 180 -21
180 -20

NOTE 1: Class 1 antennas are defined as those which actual RPE exceeds class 2 template limit.

NOTE 2: No specific class 4 antenna RPE is defined for this frequency range; the corresponding limit template in table 1 is

set for possible future use.

NOTE 3: No specific class 4 antenna RPE is defined for the frequency range 47 GHz to 66 GHz; the corresponding limit

template in table 1 is set for possible future use.
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
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10 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
4.3 Environmental profile

The required environmental profile for operation of the antenna or the equipment-antenna assembly (in case of systems

with integral antenna) shall be declared by the manufacturer. The antenna shall comply with all the technical

requirements of the present document at all times when operating within the boundary limits of the declared operational

environmental profile. For testing the compliance to technical requirements refer also to ETSI EN 301 126-3-1 [1] and

clause 5 in the present document.
4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE)
4.4.1 Introduction

The present document defines all currently available Antenna RPE classes. An overview of which is given in table 2.

Table 2: Summary of RPE classes represented in the present document
Frequency range Antenna Radiation Pattern
(GHz) Envelope (RPE) class
1 to 3 1A, 1B, 1C, 2, 3
3 to 14 1, 2, 3, 4
14 to 20 1, 2, 3, 4
20 to 24 1, 2, 3, 4
24 to 30 1, 2, 3, 4
30 to 47 1, 2, 3A, 3B, 3C, 4
47 to 66 1, 2, 3A, 3B
66 to 86 1, 2, 3, 4
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
4.4.2 Frequency range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz

The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the

responsible administration. Figures 5 to 10 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2 and 3.

-10
-20
-30
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
20 16 20 0
50 6 30 0
100 6 50 -6
140 -5 180 -6
180 -5
Figure 5: Class 1A antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
12 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
-10
-10
-20
-20
-30
-30
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Azimuth angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Azimuth angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
20 12 20 0
15 20 20 0
40 4 30 0
40 6 30 0
110 -7 100 -10
100 6 50 -6
180 -7 180 -10
140 -5 180 -6
180 -5
Figure 7: Class 1C antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz, azimuth plane)
Figure 6: Class 1B antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
13 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
30 30
20 20
0 0
-10 -10
-20
-20
-30
-30
0 10 2030 405060 708090 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Elevation angle (°) dBi
20 15
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
60 1
20 12 20 0
90 -4
40 4 30 0
90 4 100 -15
Figure 8: Class 1C antennas RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz, elevation plane)
120 -12 180 -15
180 -12
Figure 9: Class 2 antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
14 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
-10
-20
-30
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
10 18 20 0
30 3 30 0
80 2 100 -20
110 -18 180 -20
180 -18
Figure 10: Class 3 antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
15 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
4.4.3 Frequency range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz

The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the

responsible administration. Figures 11 to 14 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.

-10
-20
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co‑polar (dBi) Cross ‑polar (dBi)
Angle Co-polar Angle Cross-polar
(°) (dBi) (°) (dBi)
5 26 5 10
10 20 8 7
20 12 15 5
50 5 30 -2
110 5 70 -2
140 -8 100 -5
170 -8 120 -8
170 -6 180 -8
180 -6
Figure 11: RPEs for class 1 antennas in
the frequency range 3 GHz to 14 GHz
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
16 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
-10
-20
-30
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
‑ ‑
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
5 26 5 10
10 20 10 5
20 12 15 5
50 5 30 -3
65 2 70 -3
80 2 100 -20
105 -20 180 -20
180 -20
Figure 12: Class 2 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz)
ETSI
Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
17 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
-10
-10
-20
-20
-30
-30
-40
-40
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi) ‑ ‑
‑ ‑
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
5 16 5 5
5 20 5 5
10 5 10 0
20 8 10 0
20 -7 13 -5
70 -5 13 -5
50 -18 20 -15
100 -25 20 -5
70 -20 30 -20
180 -25 40 -6
85 -24 40 -24
50 -10
105 -30 45 -24
75 -15
180 -30 70 -25
95 -25
85 -25
180 -25
105 -33
180 -33
Figure 13: Class 3 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz)
Figure 14: Class 4 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz)
ETSI
Gain (dBi)
Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
18 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
4.4.4 Frequency range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz

The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the

responsible administration. Figures 15 to 18 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.

-10
-20
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co ‑polar (dBi) Cross ‑polar (dBi)
Angle Co-polar Angle Cross-polar
(°) (dBi) (°) (dBi)
5 25 5 10
15 15 15 3
25 10 20 3
110 4 30 0
140 -8 45 0
170 -8 55 -3
170 -6 90 -3
180 -6 120 -8
180 -8
Figure 15: RPEs for class 1 antennas in
the frequency range 14 GHz to 20 GHz
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
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19 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
-10
-20
-30
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
‑ ‑
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
5 25 5 10
15 13 7 7
20 10 15 2
70 0 20 2
80 -8 25 -1
100 -18 45 -1
160 -20 70 -10
180 -20 90 -20
180 -20
Figure 16: Class 2 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz)
ETSI
Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 19 ----------------------
20 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
-10
-20
-30
-40
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
‑ ‑
Angle Co-polar Angle Cross-polar
(°) (dBi) (°) (dBi)
5 18 5 5
10 9 10 1
25 2 30 -13
60 -4 50 -15
95 -27 85 -25
180 -27 95 -31
180 -31
Figure 17: Class 3 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz)
ETSI
Gain (dBi)
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21 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
-10
-20
-30
-40
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
‑ ‑
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
5 18 5 -3
10 9 13 -7
20 -4 20 -15
40 -13 30 -20
80 -25 65 -22
100 -30 95 -31
180 -30 180 -31
Figure 18: Class 4 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz)
4.4.5 Frequency range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz

The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the

responsible administration. Figures 19 to 22 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.

ETSI
Gain (dBi)
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22 ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.1.1 (2017-05)
-10
-20
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle Co-polar Angle Cross-polar
(°) (dBi) (°) (dBi)
5 20 5 0
10 12 10 -5
20 12 20 -5
80 2 100 -7
100 -7 180 -10
180 -10
...

Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
EUROPEAN STANDARD
Fixed Radio Systems;
Characteristics and requirements
for point-to-point equipment and antennas;
Part 4: Antennas
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
Reference
DEN/ATTM-0435
Keywords
antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, point-to-point,
radio, regulation, transmission
ETSI
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GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 5

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 6

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 7

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 7

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Technical requirements specifications ..................................................................................................... 7

4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.2 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) classes ............................................................. 8

4.3 Environmental profile ....................................................................................................................................... 11

4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ................................................................................................................... 11

4.4.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.4.2 Frequency range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz .......................................................................................................... 12

4.4.3 Frequency range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz ........................................................................................................ 16

4.4.4 Frequency range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz ....................................................................................................... 19

4.4.5 Frequency range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz ....................................................................................................... 22

4.4.6 Frequency range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz ....................................................................................................... 25

4.4.7 Frequency range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz ....................................................................................................... 28

4.4.8 Frequency range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz ....................................................................................................... 32

4.4.9 Frequency range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz ....................................................................................................... 35

4.5 Cross-Polar Discrimination (XPD) ................................................................................................................... 38

4.5.1 XPD categories ........................................................................................................................................... 38

4.5.2 XPD category 1 ........................................................................................................................................... 39

4.5.3 XPD categories 2 and 3 .............................................................................................................................. 39

4.5.3.1 Frequency range 1 GHz to 3 GHz ......................................................................................................... 39

4.5.3.2 Frequency range 3 GHz to 86 GHz ....................................................................................................... 39

4.6 Antenna gain .................................................................................................................................................... 41

5 Testing for compliance with technical requirements .............................................................................. 41

5.1 Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 41

5.2 Wide radio-frequency band covering antennas specification and tests ............................................................ 41

Annex A (informative): Additional information .................................................................................. 42

A.1 Mechanical characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 42

A.1.1 Environmental characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 42

A.1.2 Wind ratings ..................................................................................................................................................... 42

A.1.3 Antenna stability .............................................................................................................................................. 42

A.2 Antenna input connectors ....................................................................................................................... 43

A.3 Return loss at the input ports .................................................................................................................. 43

A.4 Inter-port isolation .................................................................................................................................. 43

A.5 Antenna labelling ................................................................................................................................... 43

Annex B (informative): Antenna gain and radiation pattern information ....................................... 44

B.1 Impact of antenna gain on the frequency planning ................................................................................ 44

B.2 Gain and typical radiation pattern for circular-symmetric antennas ...................................................... 44

ETSI
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4 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 46

ETSI
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5 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This draft European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Access, Terminals, Transmission

and Multiplexing (ATTM), and is now submitted for the combined Public Enquiry and Vote phase of the ETSI

standards EN Approval Procedure.

The present document is part 4 of a multi-part deliverable covering the Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and

requirements for point-to-point equipment and antennas. Full details of the entire series can be found in

ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2].
Proposed national transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 3 months after ETSI publication
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 6 months after doa

Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 18 months after doa

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
1 Scope

The present document defines the characteristics and requirements of antennas for point-to-point radio equipment

operating in the frequency range from 1 GHz to 86 GHz falling within the scope of ETSI EN 302 217-2 [i.4].

For technical commonalities that range is here divided into sub-ranges as follows:

Range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
Range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz;
Range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz;
Range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz;
Range 4: 24 GHz to 30 GHz;
Range 5: 30 GHz to 47 GHz;
Range 6: 47 GHz to 66 GHz;
Range 7: 66 GHz to 86 GHz.

The present document is applicable to fixed radio equipment with integral or dedicated antennas, and to stand-alone

antennas. In the latter case the present document may be used to provide guidance as to the information to be supplied

by a manufacturer as required by article 10 paragraph 8 of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.2].

The main body of the present document specifies the characteristics that define the various antenna classes, whilst the

annexes provide additional information that is useful to both antenna manufacturers and user/installers.

2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI EN 301 126-3-1 (V1.1.2): "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 3-1: Point-to-

Point antennas; Definitions, general requirements and test procedures".

[2] ETSI EN 302 217-1 (V3.0.5): "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for

point-to-point equipment and antennas; Part 1: Overview and system-independent common

characteristics".
[3] IEC 60154-1: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 1: General requirements".

[4] IEC 60154-2: "Flanges for waveguides. Part 2: Relevant specifications for flanges for ordinary

rectangular waveguides".

[5] IEC 60169-1: "Radio-frequency connectors. Part 1: General requirements and measuring

methods".
ETSI
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7 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.
[i.1] Void.

[i.2] Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the

harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of

radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC .
[i.3] Void.

[i.4] ETSI EN 302 217-2 (V3.0.8): "Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-

to-point equipment and antennas; Part 2: Digital systems operating in frequency bands from

1,3 GHz to 86 GHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of

Directive 2014/53/EU".
[i.5] Void.

[i.6] ETSI EN 301 126-1: "Fixed Radio Systems; Conformance testing; Part 1: Point-to-point

equipment - Definitions, general requirements and test procedures".

[i.7] Recommendation ITU-R F.699: "Reference radiation patterns for fixed wireless system antennas

for use in coordination studies and interference assessment in the frequency range from 100 MHz

to about 70 GHz".
3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply.

3.2 Symbols

For the purposes of the present document, the symbols given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply.

3.3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in ETSI EN 302 217-1 [2] apply.

4 Technical requirements specifications
4.1 Introduction

The electrical characteristics are given as function of specific classification of the antennas according to the principles

referred to in clause 4.2.
ETSI
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8 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)

The antenna manufacturer shall state, for each antenna type, the frequency band of operation and antenna gain at least at

the frequency band edges and at mid-band. An antenna, which employs a radome, shall meet the requirements of the

present document with the radome in place. The antenna system shall radiate a linear (single or dual) polarized wave.

4.2 Templates for definition of Radiation Pattern Envelope
(RPE) classes

The RPE directional characteristic (co-polar and cross-polar) impacts the interference situation in the network planning

and a trade-off between a highly demanding RPE and the cost/size/weight of the antennas, compatible with the

constraints given by present and future networks is then advisable.

With respect to the Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), four classes (RPE classes 1 to 4) have been identified according

maximum co-polar limit templates for any actual RPE mask in significant range of off-axis azimuth angles. The

templates for subdivision in those classes are also depending on given frequency ranges of operation according to

figures 1 to 4 and table 1.

When more than one actual standardized RPE falls within the same class template, a sub-class indicative (A, B, C, etc.)

shall be used according their more demanding RPE limit in angles closer to the intended direction.

NOTE: Figures 1 to 4 report limit templates for any actual RPE mask of classes 2, 3 and 4 antennas; class 1

antennas are defined as those which actual RPE mask exceeds class 2 limit template.

5 Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 1020304050 60708090 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 1: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 1 GHz to 3 GHz (see table 1)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
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9 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 2: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 3 GHz to 30 GHz (see table 1)
5 Class 2
Class 3
-5 Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 3: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 30 GHz to 66 GHz (see table 1)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi) Maximum Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Figure 4: Co-polar limit templates for actual RPE masks of antenna classes
in the range 66 GHz to 86 GHz (see table 1)

Table 1: Corner points of co-polar limits for actual RPE templates (see figures 1, 2, 3 and 4)

RPE Co-polar maximum limit templates for actual RPEs
classes
Range 1 GHz to 3 GHz Range 30 GHz to 66 GHz
Range 3 GHz to 30 GHz Range 66 GHz to 86 GHz
(see
(see note 2) (see note 3)
note 1)
Azimuth Maximum Azimuth Maximum Azimuth Maximum Azimuth Maximum

angle (°) gain (dBi) angle (°) gain (dBi) angle (°) gain (dBi) angle (°) gain (dBi)

40 5 20 12 20 12 20 7
90 5 80 2 70 0 40 2
120 -10 105 -18 90 -17 70 -2
2 180 -10 180 -18 180 -17 88,75 -7
100 -7
100 -10
180 -10
30 3 20 8 20 1 20 1
80 2 65 -2 50 -1 50 -1
3 110 -15 100 -22 70 -4 70 -4
180 -15 180 -22 90 -17 90 -17
180 -17 180 -17
25 0 20 -4 20 -4 20 -4
75 -5 105 -30 90 -21 90 -21
105 -20 180 -30 180 -21 180 -21
180 -20

NOTE 1: Class 1 antennas are defined as those which actual RPE exceeds class 2 template limit.

NOTE 2: No specific class 4 antenna RPE is defined for this frequency range; the corresponding limit template in table 1 is

set for possible future use.

NOTE 3: No specific class 4 antenna RPE is defined for the frequency range 47 GHz to 66 GHz; the corresponding limit

template in table 1 is set for possible future use.
ETSI
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11 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
4.3 Environmental profile

The required environmental profile for operation of the antenna or the equipment-antenna assembly (in case of systems

with integral antenna) shall be declared by the manufacturer. The antenna shall comply with all the technical

requirements of the present document at all times when operating within the boundary limits of the declared operational

environmental profile. For testing the compliance to technical requirements refer also to ETSI EN 301 126-3-1 [1] and

clause 5 in the present document.
4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE)
4.4.1 Introduction

The present document defines all currently available Antenna RPE classes. An overview of which is given in Table 2.

Table 2: Summary of RPE classes represented in the present document
Frequency range Antenna Radiation Pattern
(GHz) Envelope (RPE) class
1 to 3 1A, 1B, 1C, 2, 3
3 to 14 1, 2, 3, 4
14 to 20 1, 2, 3, 4
20 to 24 1, 2, 3, 4
24 to 30 1, 2, 3, 4
30 to 47 1, 2, 3A, 3B, 3C, 4
47 to 66 1, 2, 3A, 3B
66 to 86 1, 2, 3, 4
ETSI
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12 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
4.4.2 Frequency range 0: 1 GHz to 3 GHz

The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the

responsible administration. Figures 5 to 10 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2 and 3.

-10
-20
-30
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
20 16 20 0
50 6 30 0
100 6 50 -6
140 -5 180 -6
180 -5
Figure 5: Class 1A antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
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13 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
-10
-10
-20
-20
-30
-30
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Azimuth angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Azimuth angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
20 12 20 0
15 20 20 0
40 4 30 0
40 6 30 0
110 -7 100 -10
100 6 50 -6
180 -7 180 -10
140 -5 180 -6
180 -5
Figure 7: Class 1C antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz, azimuth plane)
Figure 6: Class 1B antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
Maximum Gain (dBi)
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14 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
30 30
20 20
0 0
-10 -10
-20
-20
-30 -30
0 10 2030 405060 708090 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Elevation angle (°) dBi
20 15
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
60 1
20 12 20 0
90 -4
40 4 30 0
90 4 100 -15
Figure 8: Class 1C antennas RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz, elevation plane)
120 -12 180 -15
180 -12
Figure 9: Class 2 antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
Maximum Gain (dBi)
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15 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
-10
-20
-30
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co-polar (dBi) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
10 18 20 0
30 3 30 0
80 2 100 -20
110 -18 180 -20
180 -18
Figure 10: Class 3 antenna RPE (1 GHz to 3 GHz)
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
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16 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
4.4.3 Frequency range 1: 3 GHz to 14 GHz

The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the

responsible administration. Figures 11 to 14 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.

-10
-20
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co‑polar (dBi) Cross ‑polar (dBi)
Angle Co-polar Angle Cross-polar
(°) (dBi) (°) (dBi)
5 26 5 10
10 20 8 7
20 12 15 5
50 5 30 -2
110 5 70 -2
140 -8 100 -5
170 -8 120 -8
170 -6 180 -8
180 -6
Figure 11: RPEs for class 1 antennas in
the frequency range 3 GHz to 14 GHz
ETSI
Maximum Gain (dBi)
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17 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
-10
-20
-30
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
‑ ‑
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
5 26 5 10
10 20 10 5
20 12 15 5
50 5 30 -3
65 2 70 -3
80 2 100 -20
105 -20 180 -20
180 -20
Figure 12: Class 2 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz)
ETSI
Gain (dBi)
---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
18 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
-10
-10
-20
-20
-30
-30
-40
-40
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi) ‑ ‑
‑ ‑
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
5 16 5 5
5 20 5 5
10 5 10 0
20 8 10 0
20 -7 13 -5
70 -5 13 -5
50 -18 20 -15
100 -25 20 -5
70 -20 30 -20
180 -25 40 -6
85 -24 40 -24
50 -10
105 -30 45 -24
75 -15
180 -30 70 -25
95 -25
85 -25
180 -25
105 -33
180 -33
Figure 13: Class 3 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz)
Figure 14: Class 4 antennas RPE (3 GHz to 14 GHz)
ETSI
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Gain (dBi)
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19 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
4.4.4 Frequency range 2: 14 GHz to 20 GHz

The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the

responsible administration. Figures 15 to 18 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.

-10
-20
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co‑polar (dBi) Cross ‑polar (dBi)
Angle Co-polar Angle Cross-polar
(°) (dBi) (°) (dBi)
5 25 5 10
15 15 15 3
25 10 20 3
110 4 30 0
140 -8 45 0
170 -8 55 -3
170 -6 90 -3
180 -6 120 -8
180 -8
Figure 15: RPEs for class 1 antennas in
the frequency range 14 GHz to 20 GHz
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20 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
-10
-20
-30
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
‑ ‑
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
5 25 5 10
15 13 7 7
20 10 15 2
70 0 20 2
80 -8 25 -1
100 -18 45 -1
160 -20 70 -10
180 -20 90 -20
180 -20
Figure 16: Class 2 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz)
ETSI
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21 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
-10
-20
-30
-40
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
‑ ‑
Angle Co-polar Angle Cross-polar
(°) (dBi) (°) (dBi)
5 18 5 5
10 9 10 1
25 2 30 -13
60 -4 50 -15
95 -27 85 -25
180 -27 95 -31
180 -31
Figure 17: Class 3 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz)
ETSI
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22 Draft ETSI EN 302 217-4 V2.0.3 (2016-06)
-10
-20
-30
-40
0 20406080 100 120 140 160 180
Angle of azimuth relative to main beam axis (degrees)
Co polar (dBi) Cross polar (dBi)
‑ ‑
Angle (°) Co-polar (dBi) Angle (°) Cross-polar (dBi)
5 18 5 -3
10 9 13 -7
20 -4 20 -15
40 -13 30 -20
80 -25 65 -22
100 -30 95 -31
180 -30 180 -31
Figure 18: Class 4 antennas RPE (14 GHz to 20 GHz)
4.4.5 Frequency range 3: 20 GHz to 24 GHz

The choice of antenna depends on the application planned for this band, requirements of the operators and the

responsible administration. Figures 19 to 22 give the RPEs for antenna classes 1, 2, 3 and 4.

ETSI
Gain (dBi)
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