Smoke and heat control systems - Part 2: Natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators

This European Standard applies to natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators (NSHEV) operating as part of smoke and heat exhaust systems (NSHEVS), placed on the market. This standard specifies requirements and gives test methods for natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators which are intended to be installed in smoke and heat control systems in buildings.

Rauch- und Wärmefreihaltung - Teil 2: Natürliche Rauch- und Wärmeabzugsgeräte

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für natürliche Rauch- und Wärmeabzugsgeräte (NRWG), die als Teil von natürlichen Rauch- und Wärmeabzugsanlagen (NRWA) betrieben und in Verkehr gebracht werden. Diese Norm legt die Anforderungen fest und gibt Prüfverfahren für natürliche Rauch- und Wärmeabzugsgeräte an, die zum Einbau als Teil einer Rauch- und Wärmeabzugsanlage in Gebäuden vorgesehen sind.

Systèmes pour le contrôle des fumées et de la chaleur - Partie 2 : Dispositifs d'évacuation naturelle de fumées et de chaleur

La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux dispositifs d’évacuation naturelle de fumées et de chaleur (DENFC) conçus pour fonctionner comme partie intégrante des systèmes d’évacuation de fumées et de chaleur (SEFC) mis sur le marché. La présente norme spécifie les exigences et fournit les méthodes d’essai pour les dispositifs d’évacuation naturelle de fumées et de chaleur destinés à être installés dans les systèmes pour le contrôle des fumées et de la chaleur des bâtiments.

Sistemi za nadzor dima in toplote - 2. del: Odvod dima in toplote z naravnim prezračevanjem

Ta evropski standard se uporablja za odvod dima in toplote z naravnim prezračevanjem (NSHEV), ki deluje kot del prezračevalnih sistemov za odvod dima in toplote (NSHEVS), ki so na voljo na tržišču. Ta standard določa zahteve in podaja metode za preskušanje naravnih prezračevalnikov za odstranjevanje dima in toplote, ki so predvideni za vgradnjo v sistem za nadzor dima in toplote v stavbah.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Oct-2014
Publication Date
18-May-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Apr-2017
Due Date
16-Jun-2017
Completion Date
19-May-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.SUH]UDþHYDQMHPRauch- und Wärmefreihaltung - Teil 2: Natürliche Rauch- und WärmeabzugsgeräteSystèmes pour le contrôle des fumées et de la chaleur - Partie 2 : Dispositifs d'évacuation naturelle de fumées et de chaleurSmoke and heat control systems - Part 2: Natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators91.140.30VLVWHPLVentilation and air-conditioning systems13.220.20Fire protectionICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12101-2:2017SIST EN 12101-2:2017en,fr,de01-junij-2017SIST EN 12101-2:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 12101-2:20031DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 12101-2:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12101-2
March
t r s y ICS
s uä t t rä { { Supersedes EN
s t s r sæ tã t r r uEnglish Version
Smoke and heat control systems æ Part

tã Natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators Systèmes pour le contrôle des fumées et de la chaleur æPartie

t ã Dispositifs d 5évacuation naturelle de fumées et de chaleur
Rauchæ und Wärmefreihaltung æ Teil

tã Natürliche Rauchæ und Wärmeabzugsgeräte This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s s January
t r s wä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s t s r sæ tã t r s y ESIST EN 12101-2:2017

EN 12101-2:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................... 7 3.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 3.2 Symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................................................... 11 4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 13 4.1 Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ......................................................................................... 13 4.1.1 Initiation device ............................................................................................................................................ 13 4.1.2 Opening mechanism .................................................................................................................................... 14 4.1.3 Inputs and outputs ....................................................................................................................................... 14 4.2 Response delay (response time) ............................................................................................................ 14 4.2.1 Reliability ........................................................................................................................................................ 14 4.2.2 Opening under (snow/wind) load ......................................................................................................... 14 4.2.3 Low ambient temperature ........................................................................................................................ 15 4.2.4 Opening under heat ..................................................................................................................................... 15 4.3 Operational reliability ................................................................................................................................ 15 4.4 Effectiveness of smoke/hot gas extraction (aerodynamic free area) ....................................... 15 4.5 Performance parameters under fire conditions ............................................................................... 15 4.5.1 Resistance to heat ........................................................................................................................................ 15 4.5.2 Mechanical stability .................................................................................................................................... 16 4.5.3 Reaction to fire .............................................................................................................................................. 16 4.6 Performance under environmental conditions ................................................................................ 16 4.6.1 Opening under load ..................................................................................................................................... 16 4.6.2 Low ambient temperature ........................................................................................................................ 16 4.6.3 Stability under wind load .......................................................................................................................... 16 4.6.4 Resistance to wind-induced vibration .................................................................................................. 16 4.6.5 Resistance to heat ........................................................................................................................................ 16 4.7 Durability ........................................................................................................................................................ 17 4.7.1 Response delay (response time) ............................................................................................................ 17 4.7.2 Operational reliability ................................................................................................................................ 17 4.7.3 Performance parameters under fire conditions ............................................................................... 17 5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods ...................................................................................... 17 6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance - AVCP ............................................ 19 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19 6.2 Type Testing ................................................................................................................................................... 19 6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19 6.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria .................................................................................. 20 6.2.3 Test sequence ................................................................................................................................................ 21 6.2.4 Test reports .................................................................................................................................................... 22 6.2.5 Cascading determination of the product type results .................................................................... 22 6.3 Factory production control ...................................................................................................................... 23 6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23 SIST EN 12101-2:2017

EN 12101-2:2017 (E) 3 6.3.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 23 6.3.3 NSHEV specific requirements ................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4 Initial inspection of factory and FPC ...................................................................................................... 26 6.3.5 Continuous surveillance of FPC ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.6 Procedure for modifications ..................................................................................................................... 27 6.3.7 Pre-production prototypes ....................................................................................................................... 27 7 Marking, labelling and packaging ........................................................................................................... 28 Annex A (normative)

Classification ...................................................................................................................... 29 A.1 Nominal activation condition/sensitivity ............................................................................................ 29 A.2 Response delay .............................................................................................................................................. 29 A.3 Operational Reliability ............................................................................................................................... 29 A.4 Effectiveness of smoke/hot gas extraction (aerodynamic free area) ........................................ 29 A.5 Performance parameters under fire conditions ............................................................................... 29 A.6 Performance under environmental conditions ................................................................................. 30 A.7 Durability......................................................................................................................................................... 31 A.7.1 Response delay (response time) ............................................................................................................. 31 A.7.2 Operational reliability ................................................................................................................................ 31 A.7.3 Performance parameters under fire conditions ............................................................................... 31 Annex B (normative)

Effectiveness of smoke/hot gas extraction (aerodynamic free area) ............ 32 B.1 Determination of the aerodynamic free area ..................................................................................... 32 B.2 Simple assessment procedure ................................................................................................................. 32 B.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32 B.2.2 Roof mounted NSHEV .................................................................................................................................. 32 B.2.3 Wall mounted NSHEV .................................................................................................................................. 32 B.3 Experimental procedure ............................................................................................................................ 33 B.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 33 B.3.2 Test apparatus ............................................................................................................................................... 33 B.3.3 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................ 34 B.3.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 35 B.3.5 Evaluation of test results ........................................................................................................................... 36 B.3.6 Calculation of the coefficient of discharge for a family of NSHEV ............................................... 37 B.4 Test to check the aerodynamic test installations.............................................................................. 38 B.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 B.4.2 Reference test without side wind ........................................................................................................... 39 B.4.3 Reference tests with side wind ................................................................................................................ 39 B.4.4 Evaluation of test results ........................................................................................................................... 39 Annex C (normative)

Test method for operational reliability and response time .............................. 54 C.1 Objective of test ............................................................................................................................................. 54 C.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 54 C.3 Test apparatus ............................................................................................................................................... 54 C.4 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................ 54 C.5 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 54 Annex D (normative)

Test method for opening under load ......................................................................... 56 D.1 Objective of test ............................................................................................................................................. 56 D.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 56 D.3 Test apparatus ............................................................................................................................................... 56 D.4 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................ 57 D.5 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 57 Annex E (normative)

Test method for low ambient temperature ............................................................. 58 E.1 Objective of test ............................................................................................................................................. 58 SIST EN 12101-2:2017

EN 12101-2:2017 (E) 4 E.2 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 58 E.3 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................ 58 E.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 58 Annex F (normative)

Test method for stability under wind load .............................................................. 59 F.1 Objective of test ............................................................................................................................................ 59 F.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 59 F.3 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 59 F.4 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................ 59 F.5 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 60 F.5.1 Wind load ........................................................................................................................................................ 60 F.5.2 Vibration ......................................................................................................................................................... 60 Annex G (normative)

Test method for resistance to heat ............................................................................ 61 G.1 Objective of the test ..................................................................................................................................... 61 G.2 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 61 G.2.1 Test furnace .................................................................................................................................................... 61 G.2.2 Temperature measurement ..................................................................................................................... 61 G.2.3 NSHEV mount ................................................................................................................................................. 61 G.3 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................ 62 G.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 62 G.3.2 NSHEV mounted to a glazed partition construction ........................................................................ 62 G.3.3 Roof mounted NSHEV as part of a continuous rooflight ................................................................. 62 G.3.4 Wall mounted NSHEV .................................................................................................................................. 63 G.3.5 Roof mounted NSHEV .................................................................................................................................. 63 G.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 64 Annex H (normative)

Mounting and fixing conditions for the SBI or small flame tests .................... 72 H.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 72 H.2 Class E ............................................................................................................................................................... 73 H.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 73 H.2.2 Small flame test in accordance to EN ISO 11925-2 ........................................................................... 73 H.3 Class A2 to class D ........................................................................................................................................ 73 H.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 73 H.3.2 Single Burning Item test (SBI) ................................................................................................................. 74 H.4 Heat of combustion test ............................................................................................................................. 74 Annex I (normative)

Handling changes affecting declared performances for NSHEV ....................... 75 I.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 75 I.2 Effectiveness of smoke/hot gas extraction ......................................................................................... 75 I.3 Reliability ........................................................................................................................................................ 75 I.4 Opening under load ..................................................................................................................................... 76 I.5 Opening at low ambient temperatures ................................................................................................ 76 I.6 Wind load ........................................................................................................................................................ 77 I.7 Resistance to heat ........................................................................................................................................ 77 Annex J (informative)

Installation and maintenance information ............................................................ 78 J.1 Installation information ............................................................................................................................ 78 J.2 Maintenance information.......................................................................................................................... 78 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 88

SIST EN 12101-2:2017

EN 12101-2:2017 (E) 5 European foreword This document (EN 12101-2:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 191 “Fixed firefighting systems”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 12101-2:2003. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this standard. This European Standard is one of the parts of the European Standard EN 12101 covering smoke and heat control systems. This European Standard has the general title Smoke and heat control systems and currently consists of the following parts: — Part 1: Specification for smoke barriers; — Part 2: Natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators [the present document]; — Part 3: Specification for powered smoke and heat exhaust ventilators; — Part 4: Installed SHEVS systems for smoke and heat ventilation [Technical Report CEN/TR 12101-4]; — Part 5: Guidelines on functional recommendations and calculation methods for smoke and heat exhaust ventilation systems [Technical Report CEN/TR 12101-5]; — Part 6: Specification for pressure differential systems – Kits; — Part 7: Smoke control sections; — Part 8: Smoke control dampers; — Part 10: Power supplies. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12101-2:2017

EN 12101-2:2017 (E) 6 Introduction In a fire situation, smoke and heat exhaust ventilation systems create and maintain a smoke free layer above the floor by removing smoke. They also serve simultaneously to exhaust hot gases released by a fire in the developing stages. The use of such systems to create smoke-free areas beneath a buoyant layer has become widespread. Their value in assisting in the evacuation of people from buildings and other construction works, reducing fire damage and financial loss by preventing smoke damage, facilitating access for firefighting by improving visibility, reducing roof temperatures and retarding the lateral spread of fire is firmly established. For these benefits to be obtained it is essential that natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators (referred to in this standard as NSHEV) operate fully and reliably whenever called upon to do so during their installed life. A smoke and heat exhaust ventilation system (referred to in this standard as a SHEVS) is a system of safety equipment intended to perform a positive role in a fire emergency. SIST EN 12101-2:2017

EN 12101-2:2017 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard applies to natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators (NSHEV) operating as part of smoke and heat exhaust systems (SHEVS), placed on the market. This standard specifies requirements and gives test methods for natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators which are intended to be installed in smoke and heat control systems in buildings. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 54-5:2017, Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 5: Heat detectors - Point detectors EN 54-7, Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 7: Smoke detectors - Point detectors using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization EN 1363-1, Fire resistance tests - Part 1: General Requirements EN 12101-10, Smoke and heat control systems - Part 10: Power supplies EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 1: Classification using test data from reaction to fire tests EN 13823, Reaction to fire tests for building products — Building products excluding floorings exposed to the thermal attack by a single burning item EN 60584-1, Thermocouples — Part 1: EMF specifications and tolerances (IEC 60584-1) EN ISO 1182, Reaction to fire tests for products - Non-combustibility test (ISO 1182) EN ISO 1716, Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of the gross heat of combustion (calorific value) (ISO 1716) EN ISO 11925-2, Reaction to fire tests - Ignitability of products subjected to direct impingement of flame - Part 2: Single-flame source test (ISO 11925-2) 3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviations 3.1 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1.1 aerodynamic free area geometric area multiplied by the coefficient of discharge 3.1.2 ambient word used to describe properties of the surroundings SIST EN 12101-2:2017

EN 12101-2:2017 (E) 8 3.1.3 automatic activation initiation of operation without direct human intervention 3.1.4 aspect ratio ratio of length to width 3.1.5 automatic natural smoke and heat exha

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