Railway applications - Track - Railbound construction and maintenance machines - Part 2: Technical requirements for working

1.1   General
This European Standard defines the specific technical railway requirements for working with machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, track formation and fixed electric traction equipment as specified in prEN 14033-1.
This European Standard applies to all railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilising adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment.
This European Standard is applicable to 1 435 mm nominal track gauge. Some requirements may be applicable for working on infrastructures with nominal narrow track gauge or nominal broad track gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard covers the safety requirements for the railway specific problems for working on different infrastructures. The application of these requirements is the object of a verification procedure, which does not form part of this European Standard, but an Annex J is included for information. In all cases an authorisation to work is required to access the infrastructure.
   This European Standard is also applicable for machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
   This European Standard does not apply to
-   the requirements with regard to the quality of work, including the related measuring methods, and the performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by each railway infrastructure manager for the use of machines which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the infrastructure manager.
   This European Standard does not deal with the following additional requirements:
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requirin

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Schienengebundene Bau- und Instandhaltungsmaschinen - Teil 2: Technische Anforderungen an den Arbeitseinsatz

Diese Europäische Norm definiert die eisenbahnspezifischen technischen Anforderungen für den Arbeits-einsatz mit Maschinen und anderen Fahrzeugen für Bau, Instandhaltung und Inspektion des Oberbaus, der Bauwerke, des Unterbaus und der Fahrleitungsanlagen (Oberleitung und Stromschiene) nach EN 14033 1.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für alle nur auf Gleisen fahrenden schienengebundenen Maschinen und anderen Fahrzeugen mit Adhäsionsbetrieb  zusammengefasst Maschinen genannt  für Bau, Instandhaltung und Inspektion des Oberbaus, der Bauwerke, des Unterbaus und der Fahrleitungsanlagen (Oberleitung und Stromschiene).
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Maschinen, die für den Betrieb mit Signal- und Steuerungssystemen vorgesehen sind. Andere spezielle Maschinen werden in anderen Europäischen Normen behandelt, siehe Anhang M.
Für den Arbeitseinsatz auf Infrastrukturen mit schmalen Spurweiten oder auf Breitspurstrecken, Straßenbahnlinien, von Eisenbahnen, die eine andere Haftreibung zwischen Schiene und Rad nutzen und Infrastrukturen im Untergrund können zusätzliche Anforderungen bestehen.
Diese Europäische Norm ist für die Nennspurweite 1 435 mm anwendbar. Besondere Anforderungen sind für den Arbeitseinsatz auf Eisenbahninfrastrukturen mit Breit  oder Schmalspurgleisen sowie für nicht durch Adhesion angetriebene Eisenbahnen, für Gleise auf Straßen und im Untergrund anzuwenden.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt die eisenbahnspezifischen Sicherheitsanforderungen bei dem  Arbeitseinsatz der Maschine auf den verschiedenen Eisenbahninfrastrukturen. Das Anwenden dieser Anforderungen ist Gegenstand eines Prüfverfahrens, das nicht Teil dieser Europäischen Norm ist, aber in Anhang J aufgezeigt ist. Für Arbeiten auf Eisenbahninfrastrukturen ist in allen Fällen eine Einsatz¬genehmigung erforderlich.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt auch für Maschinen, die sich in Arbeitsstellung teilweise mit einem Maschinenteil auf dem Schotter oder auf dem Untergrund abstützen.

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines de construction et de maintenance empruntant exclusivement les voies ferrées - Partie 2: Prescriptions techniques pour le travail

1.1   Généralités
La présente Norme européenne fixe les prescriptions techniques pour les spécificités ferroviaires lors du travail des machines et autres véhicules utilisés pour la construction, l'entretien ou le contrôle de la voie, des ouvrages d'art, des infrastructures et des installations fixes de traction électrique, telles que définies dans l’EN 14033-1.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique à toutes les machines et autres véhicules, ci-après désignés « machines », travaillant exclusivement sur les voies ferrées des chemins de fer (utilisant l’adhérence entre le rail et les roues) et utilisés pour la construction, l'entretien ou le contrôle de la voie, des ouvrages d'art, des infrastructures et des installations fixes de traction électrique.
La présente norme européenne s’applique aux machines qui sont prévues pour actionner les systèmes ferroviaires de signalisation et de contrôle. D’autres machines similaires sont traitées dans d’autres normes européennes, voir Annexe M.
Des prescriptions complémentaires peuvent s’appliquer dans le cas de travaux sur les infrastructures ferroviaires à voies large ou étroite, sur des lignes de tramway, sur des chemins de fer autres que ceux à adhérence rail/roue, sur des infrastructures ferroviaires à voie en souterrain.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique pour un écartement de voie nominal de 1 435 mm. Certaines prescriptions particulières peuvent être applicables pour le travail sur les infrastructures ferroviaires à voies large ou étroite, sur des lignes de tramway, sur des chemins de fer autres que ceux à adhérence rail/roue, sur des infrastructures ferroviaires à voie en chaussée ou en souterrain.
La présente Norme européenne couvre les prescriptions de sécurité ferroviaire spécifiques au travail sur les différentes infrastructures ferroviaires.

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj - Težka tirna mehanizacija za gradnjo in vzdrževanje - 2. del: Tehnične zahteve za delovanje

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
19-Jun-2008
Withdrawal Date
02-Jan-2012
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
29-Dec-2011
Due Date
21-Jan-2012
Completion Date
03-Jan-2012

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Schienengebundene Bau- und Instandhaltungsmaschinen - Teil 2: Technische Anforderungen an den ArbeitseinsatzApplications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines de construction et de maintenance empruntant exclusivement les voies ferrées - Partie 2: Prescriptions techniques pour le travailRailway applications - Track - Railbound construction and maintenance machines - Part 2: Technical requirements for working45.120åLþQLFEquipment for railway/cableway construction and maintenanceICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14033-2:2008SIST EN 14033-2:2008en,de01-september-2008SIST EN 14033-2:2008SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 14033-2:2008

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 14033-2April 2008ICS 45.120; 93.100 English VersionRailway applications - Track - Railbound construction andmaintenance machines - Part 2: Technical requirements forworkingApplications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines de constructionet de maintenance empruntant exclusivement les voiesferrées - Partie 2: Prescriptions techniques pour le travailBahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Schienengebundene Bau-und Instandhaltungsmaschinen - Teil 2: TechnischeAnforderungen an den ArbeitseinsatzThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 August 2007.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as theofficial versions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2008 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 14033-2:2008: ESIST EN 14033-2:2008

EN 14033-2:2008 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword................................................................................................................................................5 Introduction...........................................................................................................................................6 1 Scope.........................................................................................................................................7 1.1 General......................................................................................................................................7 1.2 Validity of this European Standard........................................................................................8 2 Normative references..............................................................................................................8 3 Terms and definitions..............................................................................................................9 3.1 General terms and definitions................................................................................................9 3.2 Additional terms and definitions............................................................................................9 4 Field of use of machines.......................................................................................................10 5 Specific railway requirements and/or measures................................................................10 5.1 Interaction with the Infrastructure........................................................................................10 5.1.1 General....................................................................................................................................10 5.1.2 Stress induced into the rails.................................................................................................11 5.1.3 Auxiliary wheels, auxiliary guides and working parts.......................................................11 5.1.4 Maximum wheel loads...........................................................................................................11 5.1.5 Loads applied to the ballast..................................................................................................13 5.1.6 Loads applied to the formation............................................................................................14 5.1.7 Loads on structures...............................................................................................................14 5.2 Stability and safety against derailment...............................................................................14 5.2.1 Proof of overturning stability, machine stationary.............................................................14 5.2.2 Prevention of derailment during working movements.......................................................16 5.3 Working limit contour............................................................................................................18 5.3.1 General....................................................................................................................................18 5.3.2 Lateral limit of working zone................................................................................................18 5.3.3 Working limit in the lower area.............................................................................................19 5.3.4 Working limit in the upper area............................................................................................19 5.4 Working places.......................................................................................................................19 5.4.1 General....................................................................................................................................19 5.4.2 Arrangement of working places...........................................................................................19 5.4.3 Work positions – Visibility....................................................................................................19 5.4.4 Cabin windows used solely for working..............................................................................20 5.5 Access to places of work......................................................................................................20 5.5.1 General....................................................................................................................................20 5.5.2 Access to work cabins..........................................................................................................20 5.6 Influences on the environment.............................................................................................20 5.6.1 Exhaust gases........................................................................................................................20 5.6.2 Noise levels outside the machine........................................................................................20 5.7 Electromagnetic compatibility..............................................................................................20 5.8 Protection from risks due to electric traction equipment..................................................20 5.8.1 General....................................................................................................................................20 5.8.2 Protection from live overhead lines.....................................................................................21 5.8.3 Minimum safety distance between machine parts and catenary......................................21 5.8.4 Minimum safety distance between machine parts and conductor rail.............................21 5.8.5 Special earthing devices and/or protection from return traction currents......................22 5.9 Protection from the risks of fire...........................................................................................22 5.9.1 Fire detection and extinguishing systems..........................................................................22 5.9.2 Fire extinguishing outside of the machine..........................................................................22 5.10 Lighting for work....................................................................................................................22 SIST EN 14033-2:2008

EN 14033-2:2008 (E) 3 5.11 Visibility of machines............................................................................................................22 5.12 Braking....................................................................................................................................22 5.12.1 General....................................................................................................................................22 5.12.2 Stopping distances................................................................................................................22 5.12.3 Holding on gradients.............................................................................................................23 5.13 Warning systems...................................................................................................................23 5.13.1 System for warning personnel before movement on adjacent lines................................23 5.14 Recovery conditions..............................................................................................................24 5.14.1 Emergency towing devices...................................................................................................24 5.14.2 Devices for packing away movable machine-parts............................................................24 6 Verification of the conformity to the requirements and/or particular safety measures................................................................................................................................24 6.1 General....................................................................................................................................24 6.2 Methods of testing.................................................................................................................24 6.2.1 General....................................................................................................................................24 6.2.2 Visual check...........................................................................................................................24 6.2.3 Measurement..........................................................................................................................24 6.2.4 Functional test........................................................................................................................24 6.2.5 Load test(s).............................................................................................................................25 6.2.6 Specific verification/measurements.....................................................................................25 7 User information....................................................................................................................25 7.1 General....................................................................................................................................25 7.1.1 Instructions.............................................................................................................................25 7.1.2 Special operating instructions.............................................................................................25 7.1.3 Maintenance information.......................................................................................................26 7.2 Warning signs and pictograms............................................................................................27 8 Marking and numbering of machines..................................................................................27 8.1 Machine marking....................................................................................................................27 8.2 Service number of the machine............................................................................................27 Annex A (informative)

Special national conditions..........................................................................28 Annex B (normative)

Check list for conformity................................................................................30 Annex C (normative)

Warning plate..................................................................................................33 Annex D (normative)

Working gauge................................................................................................34 D.1 General....................................................................................................................................34 D.1.1 Introduction............................................................................................................................34 D.1.2 Scope.......................................................................................................................................34 D.1.3 List of symbols used.............................................................................................................34 D.2 Determination of the horizontal working limit....................................................................37 D.2.1 General....................................................................................................................................37 D.2.2 Characteristics of the working track and the machine......................................................38 D.2.3 Characteristics of a standard vehicle travelling on the adjacent line in service............38 D.3 Calculation of the reductions for the limit line of Figure D.2, applicable to the critical parts of the machine.................................................................................................38 D.4 Determination of clearance of the working parts...............................................................39 D.4.1 General....................................................................................................................................39 D.4.2 Method of calculation............................................................................................................40 D.4.3 Addition for curvature, for working parts (Zb).....................................................................40 D.4.4 Addition for cant (Zu).............................................................................................................40 D.4.5 Addition for safety (zs)...........................................................................................................41 D.4.6 Kinematic clearance necessary for a standard vehicle on the track in service (RBk)........................................................................................................................................41 D.4.7 Possible exterior clearance for a working part (AWz)........................................................41 Annex E (normative)

Technical documentation...............................................................................47 E.1 General....................................................................................................................................47 E.2 General notices on the machine...........................................................................................47 SIST EN 14033-2:2008

EN 14033-2:2008 (E) 4 E.3 Assembly drawing indicating the following:.......................................................................47 E.4 Detailed drawings indicating the following:........................................................................47 E.5 Detailed drawings with the following indications...............................................................48 E.6 Technical details....................................................................................................................48 E.7 Possible functions of the working parts..............................................................................48 Annex F (normative)

Limiting geometric parameters of the working track..................................49 Annex G (normative)

Pictograms......................................................................................................50 G.1 Pictogram “Forbidden to climb if there is a catenary”......................................................50 G.2 Pictogram "Working direction"............................................................................................51 Annex H (informative)

Certificates.....................................................................................................52 H.1 Certificate of conformity for EN 14033-2.............................................................................52 H.2 Working authorisation for the machine...............................................................................53 H.2.1 Machine identification...........................................................................................................53 H.2.2 General working characteristics (Assembly drawing to be enclosed, see E.3)...................54 H.2.3 Declaration of the authorised body......................................................................................54 Annex I (informative)

Method of calculating safety from derailment.............................................55 I.1 Calculation of the safety against derailment.......................................................................55 I.1.1 General....................................................................................................................................55 I.1.2 Calculation of the vehicle testing twist................................................................................56 I.1.3 Limit value of the safety against derailment.......................................................................57 I.1.4 Guiding force and vertical wheel-load of the leading wheel.............................................57 I.1.5 Guiding force and vertical wheel-load of the leading wheel in the working load case.........................................................................................................................................58 I.1.6 Calculation of the torsional stiffness of the vehicle...........................................................58 Annex J (informative)

Procedure for working authorisation...........................................................62 J.1 General....................................................................................................................................62 J.2 Validity and application of the authorisation to work........................................................62 J.2.1 Validity.....................................................................................................................................62 J.2.2 Field of application................................................................................................................62 J.2.3 Enlargement of field of application......................................................................................62 J.2.4 Withdrawal of the authorisation to work.............................................................................62 J.2.5 Renewal of the authorisation to work..................................................................................63 J.3 Applications for authorisation to work................................................................................63 J.4 Submission of the technical documentation......................................................................63 J.5 Type testing............................................................................................................................63 J.6 Quality testing........................................................................................................................63 J.7 Type approval.........................................................................................................................64 J.8 Examining the finished machine..........................................................................................64 J.9 Authorisation to work for machines identical to a machine that has received type approval..................................................................................................................................64 J.10 Refusal of working authorisation.........................................................................................64 J.11 Validity of working authorisation.........................................................................................64 J.12 Procedure for working agreement.......................................................................................66 J.13 Infrastructure managers and authorised bodies (non-exhaustive list)............................67 Annex K (informative)

Basis of calculations.....................................................................................70 K.1 General....................................................................................................................................70 K.2 Machines without load control devices...............................................................................70 K.3 Machines with load control devices.....................................................................................71 Annex L (informative)

Instruction handbook....................................................................................72 Annex M (informative)

Structure of European Standards for track construction and maintenance machines..........................................................................................................73 Bibliography........................................................................................................................................74

SIST EN 14033-2:2008

EN 14033-2:2008 (E) 5 Foreword This document (EN 14033-2:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This document shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2008 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2008. Special National Conditions are given in Annex A. This series of standards EN 14033 Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance machines consists of the following parts:  Part 1: Technical requirements for running  Part 2: Technical requirements for working  Part 3: General safety requirements According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

SIST EN 14033-2:2008

EN 14033-2:2008 (E) 6 Introduction This European Standard (EN) was prepared to meet the basic requirements of EU Directives to facilitate an open market for goods and services. Railway machines used for construction and maintenance form the object of this European Standard. This European Standard deals with railway specific risks of the machines, as specified in 1.1, when working on railway infrastructures. For safety requirements in relation to the Machinery Directive, see prEN 14033-3. For deviations or special national conditions, see Annex A. The risks which exist in all mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic and other components of machines and which are dealt with in the relevant European Standards are not within the scope of this European Standard. If necessary, references are made to appropriate standards of this type. If the provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the provision of this type C standard take precedence. SIST EN 14033-2:2008

EN 14033-2:2008 (E) 7 1 Scope 1.1 General This European Standard defines the specific technical railway requirements for working with machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, track formation and fixed electric traction equipment as specified in EN 14033-1. This European Standard applies to all railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilising adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment. This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex M. Additional requirements can apply for working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures. This European Standard is applicable to 1 435 mm nominal track gauge. Some requirements may be applicable for working on infrastructures with nominal narrow track gauge or nominal broad track gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures. This European Standard covers the safety requirements for the railway specific problems for working on different infrastructures. The application of these requirements is the object of a verification procedure, which does not form part of this European Standard, but an Annex J is included for information. In all cases an authorisation to work is required to access the infrastructure. This European Standard is also applicable for machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation. This European Standard does not apply to  the requirements with regard to the quality of work, including the related measuring methods, and the performance of the machine;1)  the specific requirements established by each railway infrastructure manager for the use of machines which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the infrastructure manager. This European Standard does not deal with the following additional requirements:  working methods;  operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures (e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);  operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);

1) Parameters for the measurement of track quality are dealt with in prEN 13848-3:2007. SIST EN 14033-2:2008

EN 14033-2:2008 (E) 8  hazards due to errors in software;  hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely;  hazards due to wind pressure greater than normal e.g. pressures caused by the passing of trains at speed in excess of 190 km/h. 1.2 Validity of this European Standard This European Standard applies to all machines, which are ordered after one year from the publication date of this European Standard. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 3-7:2004+A1, Portable fire extinguishers — Part 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and test methods EN 280, Mobile elevating work platforms — Design calculations — Stability criteria — Construction — Safety — Examinations and tests EN 791, Drill rigs — Safety EN 12077-2:1998, Cranes safety — Requirements for health and safety — Part 2: Limiting and indicating devices EN 12999, Cranes — Loader cranes EN 14033-1:2008, Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance machines — Part 1: Technical requirements for running prEN 14033-3:2007, Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance machines — Part 3: General safety requirements EN 14363:2005, Railway applications — Testing for the acceptance of running characteristics of railway vehicles — Testing of running behaviour and stationary tests EN 50122-1, Railway applications — Fixed installations — Part 1: Protective provisions relating to electrical safety and earthing EN 50153:2002, Railway applications — Rolling stock — Protective provisions relating to electrical hazards EN ISO 7731, Ergono

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