Vehicle lifts

This European Standard applies to stationary, mobile and movable vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting-units. Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered. The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal. This document is applicable to vehicle lifts which are manufactured 1/2 year after the date of its publication as EN.

Fahrzeug-Hebebühnen

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für stationäre, fahrbare und ortsveränderliche Fahrzeug-Hebebühnen, die
bestimmungsgemäß nicht für das Heben von Personen, sondern zum vollständigen Anheben von Fahrzeugen
vorgesehen sind, um die angehobenen Fahrzeuge zu untersuchen und an oder unter ihnen zu arbeiten.
Fahrzeug-Hebebühnen können aus einer oder mehreren Hubeinheiten bestehen.
Ein Antrieb der Fahrzeug-Hebebühne durch Verbrennungsmotoren wird nicht betrachtet.
Es wird vorausgesetzt, dass der Boden, auf dem die Fahrzeug-Hebebühne benutzt wird, horizontal ist.
Dieses Dokument ist anwendbar für Fahrzeug-Hebebühnen, die ½ Jahr nach der Veröffentlichung als
EN hergestellt wurden.

Élévateurs de véhicules

La présente norme européenne s'applique aux élévateurs de véhicules fixes, mobiles et déplaçables, qui ne sont
pas prévus pour le levage de personnes, mais qui sont conçus pour élever tout le véhicule afin de permettre les
travaux de vérification, d'entretien et de réparation sur ou sous le véhicule lorsqu'il est en position levée.
L'élévateur de véhicule peut consister en une ou plusieurs unités de levage.
L'alimentation en énergie de l'élévateur de véhicule par des moteurs à combustion interne n'a pas été envisagée.
Le plancher ou le sol supportant l'élévateur de véhicule lors du fonctionnement est supposé être horizontal.
Ce document est applicable aux élévateurs de véhicule qui sont fabriqués 6 mois après la date de publication en
norme EN.

Dvigala za servisiranje vozil

Ta evropski standard velja za nepremična, prenosna in premična dvigala za servisiranje vozil, ki niso namenjena dvigovanju oseb, pač pa so zasnovana za popoln dvig vozila za pregled in delo na vozilu ali pod njim, medtem ko je to dvignjeno. Dvigalo za servisiranje vozil je lahko sestavljeno iz ene ali več dvižnih enot. Pogon dvigala za servisiranje vozil s stroji z notranjim izgorevanjem ni obravnavan. Predpostavlja se, da so tla ali podlaga, ki podpira dvigalo za servisiranje vozil, vodoravna. Ta dokument velja za dvigala za servisiranje vozil, ki so bila izdelana pol leta po datumu, ko je bil objavljen kot EN.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Sep-2010
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-Aug-2010
Due Date
24-Oct-2010
Completion Date
06-Sep-2010

Relations

Effective Date
16-Nov-2022
Effective Date
01-Oct-2010
Effective Date
01-Oct-2010
Effective Date
05-Aug-2015
Effective Date
08-Jun-2022

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Dvigala za servisiranje vozilFahrzeug-HebebühnenÉlévateurs de véhiculesVehicle lifts53.020.99Druga dvigalna opremaOther lifting equipment43.180Diagnostic, maintenance and test equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1493:2010SIST EN 1493:2010en,fr,de01-oktober-2010SIST EN 1493:2010SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1493:1999+A1:2009SIST EN 1493:19991DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1493:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1493
August 2010 ICS 43.180; 53.020.99 Supersedes EN 1493:1998+A1:2008English Version
Vehicle lifts
Elévateurs de véhicules
Fahrzeug-Hebebühnen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 June 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1493:2010: ESIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................51Scope ......................................................................................................................................................62Normative references ............................................................................................................................63Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................74List of hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 105Safety requirements and/or measures ............................................................................................. 145.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 145.2Preventing unauthorised operation .................................................................................................. 145.3Control devices ................................................................................................................................... 145.4Control positions ................................................................................................................................ 155.5Duplicated drive systems .................................................................................................................. 165.6Speeds ................................................................................................................................................. 165.7Structural design of the supporting structure ................................................................................. 165.8Driving machinery............................................................................................................................... 255.9Load carrying devices ........................................................................................................................ 285.10Additional requirements for lifts with balconies ............................................................................. 305.11Limiting the travel of the load carrying device ................................................................................ 315.12Unintended blocking of the load carrying device ........................................................................... 315.13Safety against rupture of mechanical bearing devices .................................................................. 315.14Safety against leakage ....................................................................................................................... 325.15Additional requirements for lifts with several drives or lifting elements ...................................... 325.16Additional requirements for movable and mobile lifts ................................................................... 335.17Protection against pinching and shearing ....................................................................................... 335.18Safety devices ..................................................................................................................................... 355.19Protection against damage ................................................................................................................ 355.20Manually driven vehicle lifts .............................................................................................................. 365.21Electrical equipment ........................................................................................................................... 365.22Special requirements for vehicle lifts where it is permitted to stand under the load during lifting and lowering movement .......................................................................................................... 366Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures .............................................................. 376.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 377Information for use ............................................................................................................................. 397.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 397.2Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 397.3Operation instructions ....................................................................................................................... 407.4Name plate ........................................................................................................................................... 41Annex A (informative)

Structural calculations .............................................................................................. 42A.1Permissible stresses .......................................................................................................................... 42Annex B (informative)

Examples of solutions ............................................................................................... 46Annex C (normative)

Design of rope drives .................................................................................................. 52Annex D (informative)

Example of information about wind ......................................................................... 54Annex E (normative)

Protection against leakage ......................................................................................... 55Annex F (normative)

Additional requirements for cableless controls and control systems ................... 57F.1Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 57SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 3 F.2General ................................................................................................................................................. 57F.3Control limitation ................................................................................................................................. 57F.4Stop ....................................................................................................................................................... 57F.5Serial data communication ................................................................................................................. 57F.6Use of more than one operator control station ................................................................................ 59F.7Battery-powered operator control stations ...................................................................................... 59F.8Wireless control components ............................................................................................................ 59Annex G (normative)

Noise .............................................................................................................................. 60Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................ 61Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 62 SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 1493:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 98 “Lifting platforms”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2011. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1493:1998+A1:2008. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 5 Introduction This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100-1:2003. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document. In addition, machinery should comply as appropriate with EN ISO 12100-1 for hazards which are not covered by this standard. When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard. The object of this European Standard is to define rules for safeguarding persons against the risk of accidents associated with the operation of vehicle lifts. While elaborating this standard it was assumed that only authorized persons operate the vehicle lifts and that the working area is sufficiently lit.

The requirement concerning loading control is not deemed pertinent to this standard insofar as:  experience and the state of the art suggests that failing to observe this requirement has not historically given rise to unsafe situations;  such devices which would give protection against overall and local overloading are not currently available in forms which cover all eventualities;  the weight and weight distribution is freely available for the type of vehicles to be lifted and as such it is the responsibility of the user to prevent an unsafe situation arising;  vehicle lifts are generally designed to suit the maximum weight of vehicle to which it would reasonably be subjected, hence the normal duty of a lift is substantially lower than the maximum.

SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard applies to stationary, mobile and movable vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting-units. Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered. The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal. This document is applicable to vehicle lifts which are manufactured ½ year after the date of its publication as EN. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 982:1996+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components — Hydraulics EN 983:1996+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components — Pneumatics EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1:2005, modified) EN 60204-32:2008, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 32: Requirements for hoisting machines (IEC 60204-32:2008) EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989) EN 60947-5-1:2004, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear — Part 5-1: Control circuit devices and switching elements — Electromechanical control circuit devices (IEC 60947-5-1:2003) EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003) EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 2: Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003) EN ISO 13849-1:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006) EN ISO 13849-2:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 2: Validation (ISO 13849-2:2003) EN ISO 13850:2008, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006) ISO 4308-1:2003, Cranes and lifting appliances — Selection of wire ropes — Part 1: General SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 7 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100-1:2003 and the following apply. 3.1 vehicle lift lifting device with guided load carrying device for lifting land based means of transport such as cars, motorcycles, lorries, buses, trams, rail vehicles, industrial trucks and similar, in the following named vehicle, and designed for working on or under the load

NOTE 1 The guidance of the load carrying device is given by the supporting structure. NOTE 2 A vehicle lift may have the ability to tilt the load carrying device about a horizontal axis parallel to or perpendicular to the main axis of the lifted vehicle. NOTE 3 The following types of vehicle lift are examples of those covered by this definition: single and multi-column lifts, single and multi-cylinder lifts, mobile column lifts, scissor and parallelogram lifts, short stroke lifts, which support vehicle wheels, chassis or other designated lifting points (see Annex B (informative)). NOTE 4 Short stroke lifts are floor mounted vehicle lifts with a maximum vertical travel of not more than 500 mm, which are not designed for working under the raised load. 3.2 manually driven vehicle lift vehicle lift where the load carrying device is driven by manual effort 3.3 power-driven vehicle lift vehicle lift where the load carrying device is not driven by manual effort 3.4 fixed vehicle lift vehicle lift fixed permanently to its location 3.5 movable vehicle lift vehicle lift which can fulfil its function without being fixed to the floor and may be designed to be transportable 3.6 mobile vehicle lift movable vehicle lift equipped with wheels, rollers, etc. such that it can be moved from one place to another with or without load 3.6.1 manually mobile vehicle lift mobile vehicle lift which is moved by manual effort alone 3.6.2 vehicle lift with powered mobility mobile vehicle lift which is not moved by manual effort 3.7 initial position lower limit position of the carrying device SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 8 3.8 rated load maximum load that a lift has been designed to carry referring to the normative vehicle or to special vehicles mentioned in 5.7.4.4 3.9 load carrying device part(s) of the vehicle lift which supports the load either by direct contact with the vehicle or through contact with pick-up plates or pads EXAMPLE Tracks, carrying arms or other mechanical devices designed to raise and support a vehicle by designated lifting points. 3.10 carrying arm load carrying device attached at one end, directly or indirectly to the lifting element and supporting the load at its other end

NOTE Carrying arms are usually used on two column lifts. 3.11 pick-up plate part of the load carrying device, e.g. on two column lifts with carrying arms, which has direct contact to the vehicle and which has an assigned position on the load carrying device

NOTE See Figure 1. 3.12 pick-up pad vehicle supporting pad which has direct contact with the vehicle but which does not have an assigned position, e.g. pads used on wheel free systems with platforms

NOTE See Figure 2.
Key
1 pick-up plate
2 load carrying device
3 pin Figure 1 — Pick-up plate SIST EN 1493:2010
EN 1493:2010 (E) 9
Key
1 pick-up pad

2 platform Figure 2 — Pick-up pad 3.13 lifting element medium through which the force is transmitted from the power source to the load carrying device

NOTE Lifting elements include hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders, lead screw and nut systems as well as any flexible connections such as steel wire ropes and chains. 3.14 catching device device which holds the load carrying device in case of failure of the lifting element 3.15 re-raising prevention device device which prevents re-raising of load carrying device from the initial position in the event of failure of the lifting element 3.16 unauthorised use use by a person who has not received permission to operate the lift and instruction on its safe operation 3.17 braking 3.17.1 automatic brake braking device which is normally held on and which is released only by application of power NOTE Operation is also instigated automatically by releasing the lift controls and by interruption of the power supply. 3.17.2 self braking system system which, due to its inherent resistance to movement, stops the movement of the load carrying device when the drive power is interrupted 3.18 safety switch switch in which the opening contacts are directly connected to the control mechanism without springs or flexible elements

NOTE The whole of the specified opening of the contacts should be achieved by operation of the control mechanism through its intended travel using the force stated by the manufacturer of the switch (see K.2.1 of EN 60947-5-1:2004). SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 10 3.19 normative vehicle

road vehicle used for calculations in 5.7 3.20 wheel track distance between the centre lines of the wheels on one axle or between centre lines of wheel pairs on twin wheel axles 3.21 wheel base distance between the centres of wheels of front and rear axle or from the centre of the wheels on the front axle to a point mid way between axle pairs on twin axle vehicles 3.22 multiple lifting units combination of independent couples of mobile column lifts or two or more vehicle lifts 3.23 wheel free system lifting unit which is used in conjunction with a pit or vehicle lift with platform lifting the whole vehicle and allows the wheels to be removed 4 List of hazards Table 1 contains a list of hazards which are applicable in the situations described and could involve risks to persons if not reduced or eliminated. The corresponding requirements are designed to limit the risk or reduce these hazards in each situation. "Not applicable" in Table 1 means that this hazard does not exist on vehicle lifts. "Not significant" in Table 1 means that this hazard can exist on vehicle lifts, but it causes no risk to persons. SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 11 Table 1 — List of hazards Hazards Corresponding Requirement 1 Mechanical hazards 5.7, 5.9, 5.17.1 1.1 Crushing hazards 5.3.1, 5.6.1, 5.6.2, 5.17 1.2 Shearing hazard 5.3.1, 5.6.1, 5.6.2, 5.17 1.3 Cutting or severing hazard 5.8.3.3, 5.18 1.4 Entanglement hazard 5.4.3 1.5 Drawing-in or trapping hazard 5.4.4 1.6 Impact hazard 5.5, 5.8.3.1, 5.8.3.2, 5.11, 5.12, 5.13, 5.14 1.7 Stabbing or puncture hazard not applicable 1.8 Friction or abrasion hazard not applicable 1.9 High pressure fluid injection hazard 5.8.4.2, 5.8.4.4, 5.19.3 1.10 Ejection of parts (of machinery and processed materials/work pieces) not applicable 1.11 Loss of stability (of machinery and machine parts) 5.7.6 1.12 Slip, trip and fall hazards in relationship with machinery (because of their mechanical nature) 5.10 2 Electrical hazards 2.1 Electrical contact direct or indirect 5.21.1, 5.21.3 2.2 Electrostatic phenomena not applicable 2.3 Thermal radiation or other phenomena such as ejection of molten particles, and chemical effects from short-circuits, overloads etc. not applicable 2.4 External influences on electrical equipment 5.21.1 3 Thermal hazards resulting in: 3.1 Burns and scalds, by a possible contact of persons, by flames or explosions and also by the radiation of heat sources not applicable 3.2 Health damaging effects by hot or cold work environment not applicable 4 Hazards generated by noise 4.1 Hearing losses (deafness), other physiological disorders

(e.g. loss of balance, loss of awareness, etc.) see Annex G
SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 12 Table 1 — List of hazards (continued) Hazards Corresponding Requirement 4.2 Interferences with speech communication, acoustic signals, etc. not applicable 5 Hazards generated by vibration (resulting in a variety of neurological and vascular disorders) not applicable 6 Hazards generated by radiation, especially by: 6.1 Electrical arcs not applicable 6.2 Lasers not significant 6.3 Ionising radiation sources not applicable 6.4 Machines making use of high frequency electromagnetic fields not applicable 7 Hazards generated by materials and substances processed, used or exhausted by machinery 7.1 Hazards resulting from contact with or inhalation of harmful fluids, gases, mists, fumes and dust 5.8.4 7.2 Fire or explosion hazard not applicable 7.3 Biological and microbiological (viral or bacterial) hazards not applicable 8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles in machine design (mismatch of machinery with human characteristics and abilities) caused for example by: 5.4, 5.16.3 8.1 Unhealthy postures or excessive efforts 5.16.5, 5.20 8.2 Inadequate consideration of human hand-arm or foot-leg anatomy 5.4.1 8.3 Neglected use of personal protection equipment not applicable 8.4 Inadequate area lighting not applicable 8.5 Mental overload or underload, stress, etc. not applicable 8.6 Human error 5.2, 5.3.1, 5.3.2, 5.3.3, 5.3.4, 5.3.5 9 Hazards combinations not applicable 10 Hazards caused by failure of energy supply, breaking down of machinery parts and other functional disorders 10.1 Failure of energy supply (of energy and/or control circuits). 5.8.4.5, 5.8.4.6, 5.8.4.7, 5.8.5.5, 5.8.5.6, 5.8.5.7, 5.14 10.2 Unexpected ejection of machine parts or fluids 5.8.4.3, 5.8.4.8, 5.8.5.2, 5.8.5.3, 5.8.5.4 10.3 Failure/disorder of control system (unexpected start up, unexpected overrun) 5.3.1, 5.8.1 10.4 Errors of fitting 7.3.1 10.5 Overturn, unexpected loss of machine stability 5.7.6 11 Hazards caused by (temporary) missing and/or incorrect positioned safety related measures/means 11.1 All kinds of guard 5.10, 5.17.3 SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 13 Table 1 — List of hazards (continued) Hazards Corresponding Requirement 11.2 All kinds of safety related (protection) devices 5.7.5.1, 5.17.3, 5.18 11.3 Starting and stopping devices 5.8.2 11.4 Safety signs and tags 5.3.4 11.5 All kinds of information or warning devices 7.2, 7.3 11.6 Energy supply disconnecting devices 5.21.1, 5.21.2, 5.21.3 11.7 Emergency devices 5.4.5 11.8 Feeding/removal means of work pieces not applicable 11.9 Essential equipment and accessories for safe adjusting and/or maintaining 7.3 11.10 Equipment evacuating gases, etc. not applicable HAZARDS DUE TO MOBILITY 12 Inadequate lighting of moving/working area 5.4.1, 5.4.3 13 Hazards due to sudden movement, instability etc. during handling 5.16.1, 5.16.2 14 Inadequate/inergonomic design of driving/operating position 5.4.1 14.1 Hazards due to dangerous environments

(contact with moving parts, exhaust gases, etc.) not applicable 14.2 Inadequate visibility from driver's/operator's position not applicable 14.3 Inadequate seat/seating (seat index point) not applicable 14.4 Inadequate/inergonomic design/positioning of controls 5.4.1 14.5 Starting/moving of self-propelled machinery 5.16.1, 5.16.2 14.6 Road traffic of self-propelled machinery not applicable 14.7 Movement of pedestrian controlled machinery 5.16.3 15 Mechanical hazards 15.1 Hazards to exposed persons due to uncontrolled movement 5.16.1 15.2 Hazards due to break-up and/or ejection of parts not applicable 15.3 Hazards due to rolling over (deflection limiting volume; DVL) not applicable 15.4 Hazards due to falling objects not applicable 15.5 Inadequate means of access 5.10 15.6 Hazards caused due to towing, coupling, connecting, transmission etc. not applicable 15.7 Hazards due to batteries, fire, emissions, etc. 5.21.3, 5.21.4 HAZARDS DUE TO LIFTING OPERATION 16.1 Lack of stability 5.7 16.2 Derailment of machinery 5.16.4 SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 14 Table 1 — List of hazards (continued) Hazards Corresponding Requirement 16.3 Loss of mechanical strength of machinery and lifting accessories 5.7.5 16.4 Hazards caused by uncontrolled movement 5.8.1, 5.8.2, 5.4.5 16.5 Hazards due to falling loads 5.9.3, 5.9.5, 5.13, 7.3.1 17 Inadequate view of trajectories of the moving parts 5.4.3 18 Hazards caused by lighting not applicable 19 Hazards due to loading/overloading 5.8.4.2, 5.8.5.3

5 Safety requirements and/or measures 5.1 General Machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause. In addition, the machine shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100 (all parts) for relevant but not significant hazards, which are not dealt with by this document. 5.2 Preventing unauthorised operation Vehicle lifts shall be equipped with an accessible and fixed device that prevents unauthorized use after taking the lift out of operation (refer to Annex B (informative)). 5.3 Control devices 5.3.1 Hold-to-run control Control devices shall be of the hold-to-run type and shall fulfil the conditions of performance level c of EN ISO 13849-1:2008. The stop-function shall comply with category 0 of 9.2.2 of EN 60204-1:2006. 5.3.2 Grouped control devices If the control devices for more than one vehicle lift are grouped together in one position each control device shall be clearly marked to show which vehicle lift it controls. 5.3.3 Logical operation The control devices shall be designed so that the movement of the control and its location are consistent with its effect (refer to Annex B (informative)). 5.3.4 Marking The direction of the movement of the lifting element shall be permanently marked (refer to Annex B (informative)). The marks shall be suitable symbols or text and can be located on the control devices themselves or directly adjacent to them. 5.3.5 Inadvertent operation Control devices shall be protected from unintentional operation (refer to Annex B (informative)). SIST EN 1493:2010

EN 1493:2010 (E) 15 5.4 Control positions 5.4.1 Layout Control devices shall be designed and arranged so that they are within easy reach of a standing operator, and so that the operator is not jeopardised by the load or the motion of the lift or of parts of the lift. Where it is possible to control the lift from more than one control station, there shall be measures to enable only one control stations at one time. Remote control (wireless or wired) shall only be used if there exists an additional release switch at the vehicle lift which has to be pushe

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