TRAIN4SUSTAIN Competence Quality Standard

This document is a Competence Quality Standard addressed to white and blue collars. It provides the Learning Outcomes, expressed in terms of knowledge and skills, necessary to achieve recommended competence’s levels in sustainable building. It is a tool useful to assess and report, in a common transnational format (Skill Passport), the level of competence in relation to reference Work Fields. The Competence Quality Standard can also be used to map qualification schemes and training courses and to transparently report the Learning Outcomes provided to white and blue collars. The Competence Quality Standard is useful to identify competence’s gaps and to support in the selection of the most appropriate training courses to fill them. It is a tool useful for public authorities and clients to express measurable competence requirements in tenders and to select the most competent professionals. The document provides guidance about how to validate and certify the assessment of competences.

Kompetenčni standard kakovosti TRAIN4SUSTAIN

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Nov-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
26-Oct-2022
Due Date
31-Dec-2022
Completion Date
11-Nov-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST CWA 17939:2022
01-december-2022
Kompetenčni standard kakovosti TRAIN4SUSTAIN
TRAIN4SUSTAIN Competence Quality Standard
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CWA 17939:2022
ICS:
03.100.30 Vodenje ljudi Management of human
resources
SIST CWA 17939:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST CWA 17939:2022
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SIST CWA 17939:2022
CEN
CWA 17939
WORKSHOP
October 2022
AGREEMENT
ICS 03.100.30
English version
TRAIN4SUSTAIN Competence Quality Standard

This CEN Workshop Agreement has been drafted and approved by a Workshop of representatives of interested parties, the

constitution of which is indicated in the foreword of this Workshop Agreement.

The formal process followed by the Workshop in the development of this Workshop Agreement has been endorsed by the

National Members of CEN but neither the National Members of CEN nor the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre can be held

accountable for the technical content of this CEN Workshop Agreement or possible conflicts with standards or legislation.

This CEN Workshop Agreement can in no way be held as being an official standard developed by CEN and its Members.

This CEN Workshop Agreement is publicly available as a reference document from the CEN Members National Standard Bodies.

CEN and CENELEC members are the national standards bodies and national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,

Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Türkiye and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members and for

CEN/CENELE CENELEC Members.
Ref. No.:CWA 17939:2022 E
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SIST CWA 17939:2022
CWA 17939:2022(E)
Foreword

This CEN Workshop Agreement (CW 17939:2022)has been developed in accordance with the

CENCENELEC Guide 29 “CEN/CENELEC Workshop Agreements – A rapid prototyping to

standardization” and with the relevant provisions of CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations - Part 2.

It was approved by a Workshop of representatives of interested parties on 2022-09-13, the

constitution of which was supported by CEN following the public call for participation made on

2021-12-14. However, this CEN Workshop Agreement does not necessarily include all relevant

stakeholders.

The final text of this CEN Workshop Agreement was provided to CEN for publication on 2022-10-

05.

Results incorporated in this CWA received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020

research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 894514 — TRAIN4SUSTAIN —

H2020-LC-SC3-2018-2019-2020 / H2020-LC-SC3-EE-2019).

The following organizations and individuals developed and approved this CEN Workshop

Agreement:
• Andrea Moro – Chairperson, iiSBE Italia R&D (Italy)
• Luís Bragança – Vice-Chairperson, University of Minho (Portugal)
• Fabio Rossi – Secretary, UNI (Italy)
• Elena Bazzan – iiSBE Italia R&D (Italy)
• Anna Bac – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (Poland)
• Paola Borgaro – iiSBE Italia R&D (Italy)
• Sergio Bottiglioni – IIPLE (Italy)
• Claudio Capitanio – iiSBE Italia R&D (Italy)
• Mara Corbella – IIPLE (Italy)
• Licia Felicioni – Czech Technical University in Prague (Czech Republic)
• Jorge Fernandes – iiSBE Portugal (Portugal)
• Greg Foliente – University of Melbourne (Australia)

• Jacopo Gresleri – Ordine degli Architetti, Pianificatori, Paesaggisti e Conservatori di

Bologna (Italia)

• Miriam Huguet Aguilera – Department of the Vice-Presidency and Digital Policies and

Territory Generalitat de Catalunya (Spain)
• İlker Kahraman – Izmir University of Economics (Turkey)
• Kujawsky Woytek – Integrative Solutions Group (Canada)
• Nils Larrson – iiSBE (Canada)
• Antonín Lupišek – Czech Technical University in Prague (Czech Republic)
• Sylvain Mangili – Agence Qualité Construction (France)

• Alessandro Marata – Ordine degli Architetti, Pianificatori, Paesaggisti e Conservatori di

Bologna (Italia)

• Gabriella Marranci – Ordine degli Architetti, Pianificatori, Paesaggisti e Conservatori di

Bologna (Italia)
• Ricardo Mateus – iiSBE Portugal (Portugal)
• Jakub Onyszkiewicz – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (Poland)

• Monica Pascual Fabra – Department of the Vice-Presidency and Digital Policies and

Territory Generalitat de Catalunya (Spain)
• Peter Gyuris – Geonardo (Hungary)

• Ana Ruisanchez Capelástegui – Department of the Vice-Presidency and Digital Policies

and Territory Generalitat de Catalunya (Spain)
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CWA 17939:2022(E)
• Jan Růžička – Czech Technical University in Prague (Czech Republic)
• Kajetan Sadowski – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (Poland)
• Maryam Salati – iiSBE Portugal (Portugal)
• Adriana Salles – iiSBE Portugal (Portugal)
• Luisa Sileni – IIPLE (Italy)
• Dan Stefanica – European Heat Pump Association (Belgium)

• Elisabeth Tua Sardà – Department of the Vice-Presidency and Digital Policies and

Territory Generalitat de Catalunya (Spain)
• Jakob Uli – Dr Jakob energy research (Germany)
• Unver Umit - Yalova University and Zero Build Institute (Turkey)
• Martin Volf – Czech Technical University in Prague (Czech Republic)

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some elements of this document may be subject to patent

rights.

CEN-CENELEC policy on patent rights is described in CEN-CENELEC Guide 8 “Guidelines for

Implementation of the Common IPR Policy on Patent”. CEN shall not be held responsible for

identifying any or all such patent rights.

Although the Workshop parties have made every effort to ensure the reliability and accuracy of

technical and non-technical descriptions, the Workshop is not able to guarantee, explicitly or

implicitly, the correctness of this document. Anyone who applies this CEN Workshop Agreement

shall be aware that neither the Workshop, nor CEN, can be held liable for damages or losses of any

kind whatsoever. The use of this CEN Workshop Agreement does not relieve users of their

responsibility for their own actions, and they apply this document at their own risk. The CEN

Workshop Agreement should not be construed as legal advice authoritatively endorsed by

CEN/CENELEC.
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Contents Page

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................ 6

3 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................... 6

4 Structure of the Competence Quality Standard ........................................................................ 9

4.1 General .................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Level 1 – Thematic Fields .............................................................................................................. 10

4.3 Level 2 – Macro Areas of Expertise ............................................................................................ 10

4.4 Level 3 – Areas of Expertise .......................................................................................................... 13

4.5 Level 4 – Learning Outcomes ....................................................................................................... 17

5 Work Fields targeted in the TRAIN4SUSTAIN Competence Quality Standard ........... 17

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 White collars ...................................................................................................................................... 18

5.3 Blue collars ......................................................................................................................................... 19

6 Project’s stages .................................................................................................................................. 19

7 Reference spatial scales ................................................................................................................. 20

8 Assessment of competence’s levels ........................................................................................... 20

9 Mapping qualification schemes ................................................................................................... 21

10 Mapping training courses .............................................................................................................. 22

11 Areas of Expertise and Learning Outcomes ............................................................................ 22

12 Applicable Areas of Expertise in relation to Work Fields and recommended

competence’s levels ......................................................................................................................... 22

13 Competences’ reporting: the European Skill Passport ....................................................... 22

14 Validation of competence assessment ...................................................................................... 23

Annex A (informative) Areas of Expertise and Learning Outcomes............................................ 24

A.1 Dimension: Environment .............................................................................................................. 25

A.2 Dimension: Society .......................................................................................................................... 91

A.3 Dimension: Economy ....................................................................................................................135

A.4 Dimension: Process .......................................................................................................................148

A.4.6 Thematic field: Interdisciplinary Skills ..................................................................................180

A.4.7 Thematic field: Listed Buildings ...............................................................................................187

Annex B (informative) Applicable Areas of Expertise in relation to Work Fields and

recommended competence’s levels .........................................................................................190

Annex C .............................................................................................................................................................207

C.1 Introduction .....................................................................................................................................207

C.2 Vocabulary ........................................................................................................................................207

C.3 Harmonisation of sentences wording .....................................................................................209

C.4 Reference fields for Learning Outcomes ................................................................................211

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Introduction

The construction sector is one of the main drivers of EU’s economy. Despite major efforts in harmonising

and standardization of qualification and training procedures across the EU, the competence level of

sustainability experts and the underlying training and education contents varies significantly between

the Member States. The H2020 TRAIN4SUSTAIN project fostered a common understanding of

sustainable competences across Europe developing a Competence Quality Standard (CQS), on which this

CWA is based, in sustainable building for facilitating transnational recognition of learning outcomes and

competence levels of existing qualifications and vocational trainings. The CQS is a tool to evaluate,

scoring and report in a comparable and harmonised way the level of competence, skills and knowledge

of white and blue collars in sustainable building. The CQS is a tool useful to stimulate demand for

competent construction sector professionals through raising acceptance of sustainability qualifications

on the EU construction market. To this end, comparability of qualifications and competences is key for

increased transparency and penetration power in the market, avoiding confusion and uncertainty. The

TRAIN4SUSTAIN CQS intends to be a tool to facilitate the request of qualified professionals and blue

collars by public administrations and private clients and to valorise with a transparent common

“reporting” system the competences acquired through training courses and experience on field. The

TRAIN4SUSTAIN Competence Quality Standard is built on and expands the “European Qualification

Scheme and professional profile description about professions related to NZEB design, maintenance and

refurbishment” delivered by the Horizon 2020 project “Prof/Trac”..
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1 Scope

This document is a Competence Quality Standard addressed to white and blue collars. It provides the

Learning Outcomes, expressed in terms of knowledge and skills, necessary to achieve recommended

competence’s levels in sustainable building. It is a tool useful to assess and report, in a common

transnational format (Skill Passport), the level of competence in relation to reference Work Fields. The

Competence Quality Standard can also be used to map qualification schemes and training courses and

to transparently report the Learning Outcomes provided to white and blue collars. The Competence

Quality Standard is useful to identify competence’s gaps and to support in the selection of the most

appropriate training courses to fill them. It is a tool useful for public authorities and clients to express

measurable competence requirements in tenders and to select the most competent professionals. The

document provides guidance about how to validate and certify the assessment of competences.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO/IEC 17024:2012, Conformity assessment – General requirements for bodies operating certification

of persons
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
Competence Quality Standard (CQS)

standard to identify and describe competencies and their level with a common procedure.

3.2
European Qualification Framework (EQF)

Common European reference framework whose purpose is to make qualifications more readable and

understandable across different countries and systems.
[SOURCE: COUNCIL RECOMMENDATION of 22 May 2017 (2017/C 189/03)]
3.3
qualification

Formal outcome of an assessment and validation process which is obtained when a competent authority

determines that an individual has achieved learning outcomes to given standards
3.4
competence

proven ability to use knowledge, skills and personal, social and/or methodological abilities, in work or

study situations and in professional and personal development which can be applied with a certain

degree of independence and responsibility.
[EQF – Council Recommendation - 2017/C 189/03]
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3.5
knowledge

the outcome of the assimilation of information through learning. Knowledge is the body of facts,

principles, theories and practices that is related to a field of work or study.
[EQF – Council Recommendation - 2017/C 189/03]
3.6
skill

the ability to apply knowledge and use know-how to complete tasks and solve problems.

[EQF – Council Recommendation - 2017/C 189/03]
3.7
learning outcomes

statements regarding what a learner knows, understands and is able to do on completion of a learning

process
[EQF – Council Recommendation - 2017/C 189/03]
3.8
formal learning

intentional learning that occurs in a structured environment and is provided by an educational or

training body/institution accredited by an official authority; it leads to official qualifications

3.9
informal learning

learning from daily activities related to work; it is not intentionally organised or structures and

occasionally it is unintentional
3.10
non formal learning

learning embedded in educational, intentional and structured activities in any area other than a formal

learning environment; it does not lead to official qualifications
3.11
validation of learning outcomes

process leading to confirmation and certification that certain learning outcomes have been acquired by

an individual
3.12
blue collar
a person who performs manual labour, needing strength or physical skills.
3.13
white collar

professional with a higher education degree in the build environment. Referring to the European

Qualification Scheme (EQF), the Qualifications Framework of the European Higher Education Area

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(EHEA) and the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS), white collars have one of

the following qualification/education levels:
Degree EQF EHEA ECTS
(Different names used 5 Short cycle 120 credits
in countries)
Bachelor 6 1 cycle 180-240 credits
Master 7 2 cycle 90-120 credits
Doctor (PhD) 8 3 cycle No ECTS range given
3.14
qualification scheme

organised plan defining the necessary knowledge and skills to obtain a certain qualification

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4 Structure of the Competence Quality Standard
4.1 General

The TRAIN4SUSTAIN Competence Quality Standard (CQS) is a framework of Areas of Expertise

organised in a hierarchic and modular structure. Each Area of Expertise correspond to a sustainability

subject. The sustainability subjects addressed in the CQS have been defined in relation to relevant

European standards and frameworks of sustainability indicators, namely:

- Level(s), the common EU framework of core sustainability indicators for office and residential

buildings. The Level(s) common framework is based on 6 macro-objectives, which describe

what the strategic priorities should be for the contribution of buildings to EU and Member State

policy objectives in areas such as energy, material use and waste, water and indoor air quality

- EN 16309 – Sustainability of Construction Works – Assessment of social performance of

buildings

- EN 15978 – Sustainability of Construction Works – Assessment of environmental performance

of buildings

- EN 16627 – Sustainability of Construction Works – Assessment of economic performance of

buildings

The structure of the CQS framework is organised in 4 modules. Each module is articulated in 4 hierarchic

levels. The 4 modules are named “Dimensions”. Three of them are “vertical” and correspond to the

dimensions of sustainable development as identified in the Agenda 2030 of United Nations:

Environment, Society and Economy. The fourth dimension, Process, is “horizontal” and deals with the

competences necessary to design, construct and operate a sustainable building. The following table

describes the scope of the 4 Dimensions.
Table 1 – Scope of the CQS Dimensions
Dimension Scope
to protect the planet from degradation, including through sustainable
consumption and production, sustainable managing its natural resources
ENVIRONMENT
and taking urgent action on climate change, so that it can support the
needs of the present and future generations.
SOCIETY to provide a healthy environment to all human beings.
to ensure that all human beings can enjoy prosperous and fulfilling lives
ECONOMY and that economic, social, and technological progress occurs in harmony
with nature.
to raise the capacity of professionals in deploying and manage effective
processes during the design, construction and operation of buildings
PROCESS
targeted to maximise the performance towards the 3 sustainable
development dimensions.

Each Dimension is articulated in 4 hierarchic levels. From the higher to the lower level:

- Level 1 – Thematic Fields
- Level 2 – Macro Areas of Expertise
- Level 3 – Areas of Expertise
- Level 4 – Learning Outcomes
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4.2 Level 1 – Thematic Fields

Thematic Fields represent macro sustainability subjects in relation to the 4 Dimensions of the

framework. They are 18, coded with 2 letters and listed in the table below.
Table 2 – Thematic Fields
Environment Economy
EN Energy EQ Economical Quality
WA Water Process
MA Materials BD Sustainable Building Design
HA Habitat ID Innovative digital solutions
Society SC Sustainable construction
CO Comfort and well being MN Maintenance and operating
SA Safety BE Built Environment Certification systems
AC Accessibility IS Interdisciplinary Skills
MO Mobility LD Listed Buildings
SE Services
AD Adaptation and resilience to climate
change
4.3 Level 2 – Macro Areas of Expertise

Macro Areas of Expertise represent a particular aspect pertaining to the Thematic Fields. They are 44,

coded with 2 letters and 1 number and listed in the tables below.
Table 3 – Macro Areas of Expertise in Environment
Environment
EN Energy
EN1 Energy Performance Assessment
EN2 Energy Management
EN3 Energy Production and HVAC systems
EN4 Energy Reduction
WA Water
WA1 Water efficiency
WA2 Effluents management
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MA Materials
MA1 Design for Deconstruction, reuse and
recycling
MA2 Sustainable materials
MA3 Solid waste
HA Habitat
HA1 Land Use
HA2 Biodiversity
Table 4 – Macro Areas of Expertise in Society
Society
CO Comfort and well being
CO1 Indoor air quality
CO2 Thermal comfort
CO3 Visual comfort
CO4 Acoustic comfort
CO5 Electromagnetic pollution
CO6 Ergonomics
SA Safety
SA1 Fire protection
SA2 Earthquake
AC Accessibility
AC1 Barrier free accessibility
MO Mobility
MO1 Alternative mobility
SE Services
SE1 Communication
SE2 Services for inhabitants
AD Adaptation and resilience to climate
change
AD1 Climate change resilient buildings
Table 5 – Macro Areas of Expertise in Economy
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Economy
EQ Economical Quality
EQ1 Cost planning and management
EQ2 Green value
EQ3 Financing schemes and business models
EQ4 Operative costs
Table 6 – Macro Areas of Expertise in Process
Process
BD Sustainable Building Design
BD1 Integrative design
ID Innovative digital solutions
ID1 Building Information Modelling
ID2 Small urban Information Modelling
ID3 GIS Systems
ID4 Lean Management
ID5 Measuring
ID6 Digital Twins Solutions
SC Sustainable construction
SC1 Sustainable construction management
MN Maintenance and operating
MN1 Maintenance
BE Built Environment Certification systems
BE1 Energy Performance Certification
BE2 Building sustainability certification
systems
IS Interdisciplinary Skills
IS1 Procurement
IS2 Quality assurance
IS3 Collaboration and Communication
IS4 Information management
IS5 Safety Assurance
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LD Listed Buildings
LD1 Improving energy performance of listed
buildings
4.4 Level 3 – Areas of Expertise

Areas of Expertise represent the specific subjects belonging to each Macro Area of Expertise. They are

108, coded with 2 letters and 2 numbers and listed in the tables below.
Table 7 – Macro Areas of Expertise in Environment
Environment
EN Energy
EN1.1 Energy Simulation
EN1 Energy Performance Assessment
EN2.1 Smart grid systems
EN2 Energy Management
EN2.2 Domotic systems
EN2.3 Building Management Systems
EN2.4 Renewable Energy communities
EN3.1 Heating and cooling systems
EN3 Energy Production
EN3.2 Ventilation systems
EN3.3 Hot water systems (DHW)
EN3.4 Electric heating systems
EN3.5 Heat pump system and geothermal energy systems
EN3.6 Solar thermal energy systems for heating, cooling
and DHW
EN3.7 Solar power systems for electricity generation
EN3.8 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) generation
EN3.9 Mini wind power generation
EN3.10 Energy storage systems
EN4.1 Thermal insulation
EN4 Energy Reduction
EN4.2 Building air tightness
EN4.3 Window and/or glazing systems
EN4.4 Solar shading systems
EN4.5 Passive systems for cooling and heating
EN4.6 Energy saving strategies for lighting
EN4.7 Mitigation strategies for urban thermal effects
EN4.8 Building occupancy behavior
WA Water
WA1.1 Outdoor water use management
WA1 Water efficiency
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WA1.2 Indoor water use management
WA2.1 Rainwater collection and reuse systems
WA2 Effluents management
WA2.2 Greywater collection and reuse systems
WA2.3 Urban Wastewater Treatment
MA Materials
MA1.1 Materials and components for ease of disassembly
MA1 Design for Deconstruction, reuse and
recycling
MA1.2 Adaptive reuse
MA2.1 Life Cycle Assessment
MA2 Sustainable materials
MA2.2 Recycled and reused materials
MA2.3 Regenerative materials and technologies
MA3.1 Solid waste management
MA3 Solid waste
HA Habitat
HA1.1 Site preservation, regeneration and development
HA1 Land Use
HA1.2 Urban and peri-urban agriculture
HA2.1 Management of biodiversity on the site
HA2 Biodiversity
Table 8 – Macro Areas of Expertise in Society
Society
CO Comfort and well being
CO1.1 Low Emitting materials
CO1 Indoor air quality
CO1.2 Indoor air pollutants management
CO1.3 Outdoor air pollutants management
CO2.1 Indoor Thermal Comfort
CO2 Thermal comfort
CO2.2 Outdoor Thermal Comfort
CO3.1 Daylighting
CO3 Visual comfort
CO3.2 Indoor lighting
CO3.3 Outdoor lighting
CO4.1 Sound insulation
CO4 Acoustic comfort
CO4.2 Room acoustics
CO4.3 Indoor noise management
CO4.4 Environmental noise management
CO5.1 Management of ELF magnetic fields (50 Hz / 60 Hz)
CO5 Electromagnetic pollution
CO5.2 Management of indoor exposure to electromagnetic
fields (100 kHz-300 GHz)
CO6.1 Ergonomic and Active Furnishing
CO6 Ergonomics
SA Safety
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SA1.1 Risk to occupants and facilities from fire
SA1 Fire protection
SA2.1 Risk to occupants and facilities from earthquake
SA2 Earthquake
AC Accessibility
AC1.1 Accessibility of public spaces
AC1 Barrier free accessibility
AC1.2 Design for All
MO Mobility
MO1.1 Sustainable mobility strategies
MO1 Alternative mobility
SE Services
SE1.1 Communication services
SE1 Communication
SE2.1 Functional mix
SE2 Services for inhabitants
SE2.2 Infrastructure and connectivity
AD Adaptation and resilience to climate
change
AD1.1 Resilience to extreme weather events
AD1 Climate change resilient buildings
AD1.2 Sustainable drainage
AD1.3 Resilience to heatwaves
AD1.4 Resilience to windstorms
AD1.5 Resilience to wildfire
Table 9 – Macro Areas of Expertise in Economy
Economy
EQ Economical quality
EQ1.1 Construction cost planning
EQ1 Cost planning and management
EQ1.2 Life cycle cost assessment
EQ2.1 Value creation and risk exposure
EQ2 Green value
EQ2.2 Communication of green building value
EQ3.1 Financing schemes for sustainable building
EQ3 Financing schemes and business
models
EQ3.2 Business models preparation
EQ4.1 Operating and maintenance cost management
EQ4 Operative costs
EQ4.2 Use stage energy cost management
EQ4.3 Use stage water cost management
Table 10 – Macro Areas o
...

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