Fixed Radio Systems - Multipoint Equipment and Antennas - Part 3: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for Multipoint Radio Antennas

To amend the EN 302 326-3 in order to include a new option for CS antenna asymmetric elevation RPE.

Fiksni radijski sistemi - Oprema in antene za večtočkovne povezave - 3. del: Harmonizirani EN, ki zajema bistvene zahteve člena 3.2 direktive R&TTE za antene pri večtočkovnih radijskih povezavah

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Aug-2008
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
08-Aug-2008
Due Date
13-Oct-2008
Completion Date
27-Aug-2008
Mandate

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ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Harmonized European Standard (Telecommunications series)
Fixed Radio Systems;
Multipoint Equipment and Antennas;
Part 3: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements
of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
for Multipoint Radio Antennas
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Reference
REN/ATTM-04002
Keywords
access, antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, multipoint,
radio, system
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
Individual copies of the present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org

The present document may be made available in more than one electronic version or in print. In any case of existing or

perceived difference in contents between such versions, the reference version is the Portable Document Format (PDF).

In case of dispute, the reference shall be the printing on ETSI printers of the PDF version kept on a specific network drive

within ETSI Secretariat.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

http://portal.etsi.org/tb/status/status.asp

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

http://portal.etsi.org/chaircor/ETSI_support.asp
Copyright Notification
No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2008.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS , TIPHON , the TIPHON logo and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered

for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights................................................................................................................................5

Foreword.............................................................................................................................................................5

0 Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................6

0.1 General...............................................................................................................................................................6

0.2 Relationship with the R&TTE essentials requirements......................................................................................6

1 Scope........................................................................................................................................................8

1.1 General...............................................................................................................................................................8

1.2 Frequency ranges................................................................................................................................................9

1.3 Profiles...............................................................................................................................................................9

1.3.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................9

1.3.2 Equipment profiles........................................................................................................................................9

1.3.3 Antenna profiles..........................................................................................................................................10

1.3.4 System profiles...........................................................................................................................................10

2 References..............................................................................................................................................11

2.1 Normative references.......................................................................................................................................11

2.2 Informative references......................................................................................................................................11

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations .................................................................................................12

3.1 Definitions........................................................................................................................................................12

3.2 Symbols............................................................................................................................................................16

3.3 Abbreviations...................................................................................................................................................16

4 Technical requirements specifications ...................................................................................................16

4.1 Classification of antennas.................................................................................................................................16

4.2 Phenomena description.....................................................................................................................................17

4.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................17

4.2.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE)..............................................................................................................17

4.2.3 Antenna Gain..............................................................................................................................................18

4.3 Environmental specifications and test ..............................................................................................................19

4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) requirements .............................................................................................19

4.4.1 Directional antennas (DN): co-polar and cross-polar RPEs........................................................................19

4.4.1.1 Classes defined in the present document...............................................................................................19

4.4.1.2 Directional antennas conforming to EN 302 217-4-1 and EN 302 217-4-2..........................................22

4.4.2 Sectored single beam antennas (SS) ...........................................................................................................22

4.4.2.1 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), azimuth: co-polar and cross-polar ................................................22

4.4.2.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation .......................................................................................25

4.4.2.2.1 Symmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar .....................................................................25

4.4.2.2.2 Asymmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar ...................................................................26

4.4.3 Sectored multi-beam antennas (MS)...........................................................................................................26

4.4.3.1 General..................................................................................................................................................26

4.4.3.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), azimuth: co-polar and cross-polar ................................................27

4.4.3.3 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation: co-polar and cross-polar...............................................29

4.4.4 Omnidirectional antennas (OD and ODT)..................................................................................................29

4.4.4.1 General..................................................................................................................................................29

4.4.4.2 CS Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation..................................................................................29

4.4.4.2.1 Symmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar .....................................................................29

4.4.4.2.2 Asymmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar ...................................................................30

4.4.4.3 TS Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ..................................................................................................30

4.5 Antenna gain requirements...............................................................................................................................31

4.5.1 General........................................................................................................................................................31

4.5.2 Directional antennas...................................................................................................................................31

4.5.3 Sectored single beam antennas ...................................................................................................................32

4.5.4 Sectored multi-beam antennas ....................................................................................................................32

4.5.5 Omnidirectional antennas...........................................................................................................................32

4.5.5.1 CS OmniDirectional (OD) ....................................................................................................................32

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)

4.5.5.2 TS omnidirectional (ODT)....................................................................................................................33

5 Testing for conformance with technical requirements ...........................................................................33

5.1 Void..................................................................................................................................................................33

5.2 Wide radio-frequency band covering antennas specification and test..............................................................33

5.3 Environmental conditions for Testing ..............................................................................................................33

5.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ...................................................................................................................33

5.5 Antenna gain....................................................................................................................................................33

Annex A (normative): HS Requirements and conformance Test specifications Table

(HS-RTT)........................................................................................................34

Annex B (informative): Antenna profiles.............................................................................................36

B.1 General...................................................................................................................................................36

B.2 Directional antennas...............................................................................................................................36

B.3 Sectorial and omnidirectional antennas..................................................................................................37

Annex C (informative): The EN title in the official languages ...........................................................38

Annex D (informative): Bibliography...................................................................................................39

History ..............................................................................................................................................................40

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This Harmonized European Standard (Telecommunications series) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee

Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM).

The present document has been produced by ETSI in response to a mandate from the European Commission issued

under Council Directive 98/34/EC (as amended) laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of

technical standards and regulations.

The present document is intended to become a Harmonized Standard, the reference of which will be published in the

Official Journal of the European Communities referencing the Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of

the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual

recognition of their conformity ("the R&TTE Directive" [1]).

Technical specifications relevant to Directive 1999/5/EC [1] are given in annex A.

This multi-part deliverable covers characteristics and requirements for fixed multipoint radio equipment and antennas,

using a variety of access and duplex methods and operating at a variety of bit rates in frequency bands as specified in

the present document.

The present document is part 3 of a multi-part deliverable covering the Fixed Radio Systems; Multipoint Equipment and

Antennas, as identified below:
Part 1: "Overview and Requirements for Digital Multipoint Radio Systems";

Part 2: "Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for Digital

Multipoint Radio Equipment";

Part 3: "Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for

Multipoint Radio Antennas".

EN 302 326-2 [6] and the present document are Harmonized ENs and essential requirements are those requirements

which are essential under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive [1].

In the above, "equipment" includes equipment with integral antennas, and "antennas" include requirements for antennas

whether they are integral or non-integral.

Besides its previous versions, the present document with EN 302 326-2 [6] replaces and supersedes the harmonized

EN 301 753 [9] for all Multipoint equipment and antennas under its scope.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 25 January 2008
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 30 April 2008
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 October 2008
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 October 2009
0 Introduction
0.1 General

For the general background, rationale and structure of the present document see also the clause "Introduction" in

EN 302 326-1 [5].

With respect to previous version of the present document, provisions for TS omnidirectional antennas for indoor NWA

applications are given.
0.2 Relationship with the R&TTE essentials requirements

The present document is part of a set of standards developed by ETSI and is designed to fit in a modular structure to

cover all radio and telecommunications terminal equipment within the scope of the R&TTE Directive [1]. The modular

structure is described in EG 201 399 [7] and shown in figure 1.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Disabilit y *
3.3f
Emergency *
3.3e
Fraud*
3.3d
3.3c
Privacy *
No harm to the network*
3.3b
* If needed
Scoped by
Interwo rking via the network*
equipment
3.3a
class or type
Interwor king with the network
Use of spectr um
3.2
New radio harmonized standards
Spectrum
Scoped by frequency and/or equipment type
Radio Product EMC
EN 301 489 multi part EMC standard
3.1b
EMC
Generic and product standards also notified under EMC Directive
Standards covering Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields
relating to individual products
New standards for acoustic safety
3.1a
Safety
Standards also notified under LV Directive
Non radio Radio (RE)
TTE Non TTE
Legend:
Scope of this EN: Any Multipoint DFRS
antennas in all frequency bands

Figure 1: Modular structure for the various standards used under the R&TTE Directive [1]

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
1 Scope
1.1 General

The present document is intended to cover the provisions of the R&TTE Directive [1] regarding article 3.2, which states

that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio

communications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference".

The present document is applicable to the essential requirements of antennas (including those in equipment with

integral antennas) used in Multipoint (MP) Digital Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS) (see note 1) intended for use in the

frequency bands identified in EN 302 326-1 [5].

NOTE 1: Applications intended for offering in the bands 3,4 GHz to 3,8 GHz the option of Nomadic Wireless

Access (NWA), according to the NWA definition in ITU-R Recommendation F.1399 [13], are also

considered in the scope of the present document.

Besides its previous versions, the present document together with EN 302 326-2 [6], replaces and supersedes, after a

suitable transition period, the harmonized EN 301 753 [9] for all multipoint equipment and antennas under its scope.

The present document and EN 302 326-2 [6] introduce rationalization among systems conforming to previous

EN 301 753 [9] referencing a number of ENs which, being developed at different times, may have specified slightly

different antenna parameters. Nevertheless, care has been taken so that such variations will not affect any frequency

planning assumption for already deployed networks. Therefore, unless specifically mentioned, these new requirements,

whenever different from those single ENs, are considered completely "equivalent". Therefore mixed use of antennas

conforming to the present document and to those previous ones will not change, in practice, any frequency planning

rule in any network.

Therefore, from a strictly technical point of view, in most cases it is expected that equipment already conforming to the

previous versions of Harmonized EN 301 753 [9], would not need re-assessment of essential requirements according to

the present document. The legal implications of the declaration of conformity and equipment labelling are, however,

outside the scope of this whole multi-part deliverable. Cases, where additional conformance assessment is required, will

be specifically mentioned in EN 302 326-2 [6] and in the present document.

A formal change in the requirements, with respect to EN 301 753 [9], is that the antenna manufacturer shall declare the

nominal gain and tolerance of the antenna against which the conformity assessment is done.

In addition to the present document, other ENs specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under

other parts of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [1] and which will apply to antennas within the scope of the present

document.

NOTE 2: A list of such ENs is included on the web site: http://www.newapproach.org.

In order to (technically) cover different market and network requirements, with an appropriate balance of performance

to cost and effective and appropriate use of the radio spectrum, the present document, together with EN 302 326-2 [6],

offers a number of system types and antennas alternatives, for selection by administrations, operators and manufacturers

dependent on the desired use of the radio spectrum and network/market requirements; those options include:

• channel separation alternatives (as provided by the relevant CEPT Recommendation);

• spectral efficiency class alternatives (different modulation formats provided in radio equipment standards);

• antenna sectorization alternatives and directivity classes for CS;

• antenna directivity class alternatives for TS and/or RS, as well as omnidirectional alternative for TS intended

for Nomadic Wireless Access (NWA);
• antenna basic polarization (linear or circular).

For Digital Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS), antennas are considered "relevant components" of "radio equipment"

according the definition in article 2(c) of the R&TTE Directive [1].
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)

More information and background on the R&TTE Directive [1] possible applicability and requirements for stand alone

DFRS antennas is found in EG 201 399 [7] and in TR 101 506 [12].

Technical specifications relevant to the R&TTE Directive [1] are summarized in annex A.

1.2 Frequency ranges

The present document is applicable to antennas (whether integral or non-integral) used in multipoint radio systems

operating in bands allocated to Fixed Service and assigned by national regulations to MP applications within the

following frequency ranges:
• 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
• 3 GHz to 5,9 GHz;
• 5,9 GHz to 8,5 GHz;
• 8,5 GHz to 11 GHz;
• 24,25 GHz to 30 GHz;
• 30 GHz to 40,5 GHz.

NOTE 1: Attention is drawn to the fact that the specific operating bands are subject of CEPT or national licensing

rules. Currently applicable Fixed Service bands and channel plans are described in EN 302 326-1 [5],

although the applicability of these Fixed Service bands is at the discretion of the national administrations.

Therefore, the present document applies only to those bands which are allocated to the Fixed Service

and/or assigned by national regulations to MP applications on the date on which the EN was published.

NOTE 2: Antenna characteristics are not specified at frequencies below 1 GHz and therefore the present document

and Harmonized EN 302 326-2 [6] can not be used for Declaration of conformity, according article 3.2 of

the R&TTE Directive [1] for non integral antennas or for equipment with integral antennas below this

limit. In this case, additional test suites for relevant antenna directional phenomena shall be produced in

accordance with a Notified Body.

NOTE 3: MWS antenna systems in the band 40,5 GHz to 43,5 GHz are not within the scope of the present

document. For these systems see EN 301 997-2 [10].
1.3 Profiles
1.3.1 General

This whole multi-part deliverable allows many distinct types of equipment, several different antenna types and several

ways in which they might be interconnected to form a network. However, the applicability is limited to certain

combinations of attributes and these combinations of attributes are called "profiles". The following clauses address:

• Equipment profiles.
• Antenna profiles.
• System profiles.
1.3.2 Equipment profiles

This whole multi-part deliverable allows alternative consistent sets of recommendations and requirements, each for

identified equipment profiles, which are defined in terms of their Equipment Classification (EqC), which classify

equipments in terms of key characteristics. The profiles (or indeed any specific equipment) within the scope of this

whole multi-part deliverable may be classified as discussed in normative annex A of EN 302 326-1 [5]. Clause 6.1 of

EN 302 326-1 [5] defines the permitted equipment profiles in terms of the various fields of EqC.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
1.3.3 Antenna profiles

According to their characteristics, multipoint systems use different types of antennas. Table 1 outlines the multipoint

antenna types described in the present document.
Table 1: Antenna Types
Frequency Range Types Polarization Notes
1 GHz to 3 GHz Directional Linear The sectored and omnidirectional antennas
Sectored single beam may have a symmetric or asymmetric radiation
Omnidirectional pattern in the elevation plane.
3 GHz to 11 GHz Directional Linear The sectored single and omnidirectional
Sectored single beam antennas may have a symmetric or
Sectored multi-beam asymmetric radiation pattern in the elevation
(up to 5,9 GHz only) plane. The sectored multi-beam antennas
Omnidirectional have a symmetric radiation pattern only.
1 GHz to 11 GHz Directional Circular The sectored and omnidirectional antennas
Sectored single beam may have a symmetric or asymmetric radiation
Omnidirectional pattern in the elevation plane.
24,25 GHz to 30 GHz Directional Linear
Sectored single beam
30 GHz to 40,5 GHz Directional Linear The omnidirectional antennas may have a
Sectored single beam symmetric or asymmetric radiation pattern in
Omnidirectional the elevation plane.

The present document is applicable to multipoint radio system antennas of both linear (single or dual) polarization and

circular (single or dual) polarization. Linear polarization antennas may support either or both of two mutually

perpendicular planes of polarization. These planes are frequently, though not always, horizontal and vertical. Circular

polarization antennas may support either right hand or left hand polarization or, for dual polarization, both.

The RPE directional characteristics and polarization characteristics (co-polar and cross-polar and for either linear or

circular polarized antennas) impact on the interference to be considered in network planning. A number of antenna

options are defined in the present document to allow a trade-off between highly demanding RPE directivity and the

cost/size/weight of the antennas. The antenna choice should take into account present and future networks requirements

and constraints.
Annex B discusses Antenna Profiles for multipoint systems.
1.3.4 System profiles

This multi-part deliverable applies only to Multipoint systems using the following antenna type to station type

combinations according to whether the network topology is P-MP or MP-MP (Mesh). Table 2 indicates which system

profiles are within the scope of this multi-part deliverable.
Table 2: System Profiles within the scope of this multi-part deliverable:
Antenna types - Station types combinations
Antenna types
Network Station types Omnidirectional Sectored Directional
topology
P-MP Central Station (CS) Yes Yes No
(See note 1) (See note 1)
Repeater Station (RS)
Facing CS No No Yes
Facing TS or further RS Yes Yes Yes
Terminal Station (TS) Yes (note 2) No Yes
MP-MP Repeater Station (RS) No No Yes

NOTE 1: Sectored antennas with beamwidth < 15° shall conform to the specification otherwise applicable to a directional

antenna.

NOTE 2: Omnidirectional TS antennas are limited to typically indoor deployment (e.g. desk antennas) for NWA

applications in 3,4 GHz to 3,8 GHz bands. Nor outdoor deployable at fixed location, neither integral to handheld

TS, are considered antennas within the scope of the present document.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
2 References

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific.
• For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

• Non-specific reference may be made only to a complete document or a part thereof and only in the following

cases:

- if it is accepted that it will be possible to use all future changes of the referenced document for the

purposes of the referring document;
- for informative references.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

http://docbox.etsi.org/Reference.

For online referenced documents, information sufficient to identify and locate the source shall be provided. Preferably,

the primary source of the referenced document should be cited, in order to ensure traceability. Furthermore, the

reference should, as far as possible, remain valid for the expected life of the document. The reference shall include the

method of access to the referenced document and the full network address, with the same punctuation and use of upper

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
01-oktober-2008
)LNVQLUDGLMVNLVLVWHPL2SUHPDLQDQWHQH]DYHþWRþNRYQHSRYH]DYHGHO
+DUPRQL]LUDQL(1NL]DMHPDELVWYHQH]DKWHYHþOHQDGLUHNWLYH5 77(]DDQWHQH
SULYHþWRþNRYQLKUDGLMVNLKSRYH]DYDK
Fixed Radio Systems - Multipoint Equipment and Antennas - Part 3: Harmonized EN

covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for Multipoint

Radio Antennas
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 302 326-3 Version 1.3.1
ICS:
33.060.30 Radiorelejni in fiksni satelitski Radio relay and fixed satellite
komunikacijski sistemi communications systems
33.120.40 Antene Aerials
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Harmonized European Standard (Telecommunications series)
Fixed Radio Systems;
Multipoint Equipment and Antennas;
Part 3: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements
of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
for Multipoint Radio Antennas
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
2 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Reference
REN/ATTM-04002
Keywords
access, antenna, DFRS, DRRS, FWA, multipoint,
radio, system
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
Individual copies of the present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org

The present document may be made available in more than one electronic version or in print. In any case of existing or

perceived difference in contents between such versions, the reference version is the Portable Document Format (PDF).

In case of dispute, the reference shall be the printing on ETSI printers of the PDF version kept on a specific network drive

within ETSI Secretariat.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

http://portal.etsi.org/tb/status/status.asp

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

http://portal.etsi.org/chaircor/ETSI_support.asp
Copyright Notification
No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2008.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS , TIPHON , the TIPHON logo and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered

for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
3 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights................................................................................................................................5

Foreword.............................................................................................................................................................5

0 Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................6

0.1 General...............................................................................................................................................................6

0.2 Relationship with the R&TTE essentials requirements......................................................................................6

1 Scope........................................................................................................................................................8

1.1 General...............................................................................................................................................................8

1.2 Frequency ranges................................................................................................................................................9

1.3 Profiles...............................................................................................................................................................9

1.3.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................9

1.3.2 Equipment profiles........................................................................................................................................9

1.3.3 Antenna profiles..........................................................................................................................................10

1.3.4 System profiles...........................................................................................................................................10

2 References..............................................................................................................................................11

2.1 Normative references.......................................................................................................................................11

2.2 Informative references......................................................................................................................................11

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations .................................................................................................12

3.1 Definitions........................................................................................................................................................12

3.2 Symbols............................................................................................................................................................16

3.3 Abbreviations...................................................................................................................................................16

4 Technical requirements specifications ...................................................................................................16

4.1 Classification of antennas.................................................................................................................................16

4.2 Phenomena description.....................................................................................................................................17

4.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................17

4.2.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE)..............................................................................................................17

4.2.3 Antenna Gain..............................................................................................................................................18

4.3 Environmental specifications and test ..............................................................................................................19

4.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) requirements .............................................................................................19

4.4.1 Directional antennas (DN): co-polar and cross-polar RPEs........................................................................19

4.4.1.1 Classes defined in the present document...............................................................................................19

4.4.1.2 Directional antennas conforming to EN 302 217-4-1 and EN 302 217-4-2..........................................22

4.4.2 Sectored single beam antennas (SS) ...........................................................................................................22

4.4.2.1 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), azimuth: co-polar and cross-polar ................................................22

4.4.2.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation .......................................................................................25

4.4.2.2.1 Symmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar .....................................................................25

4.4.2.2.2 Asymmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar ...................................................................26

4.4.3 Sectored multi-beam antennas (MS)...........................................................................................................26

4.4.3.1 General..................................................................................................................................................26

4.4.3.2 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), azimuth: co-polar and cross-polar ................................................27

4.4.3.3 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation: co-polar and cross-polar...............................................29

4.4.4 Omnidirectional antennas (OD and ODT)..................................................................................................29

4.4.4.1 General..................................................................................................................................................29

4.4.4.2 CS Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE), elevation..................................................................................29

4.4.4.2.1 Symmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar .....................................................................29

4.4.4.2.2 Asymmetric elevation RPEs: co-polar and cross-polar ...................................................................30

4.4.4.3 TS Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ..................................................................................................30

4.5 Antenna gain requirements...............................................................................................................................31

4.5.1 General........................................................................................................................................................31

4.5.2 Directional antennas...................................................................................................................................31

4.5.3 Sectored single beam antennas ...................................................................................................................32

4.5.4 Sectored multi-beam antennas ....................................................................................................................32

4.5.5 Omnidirectional antennas...........................................................................................................................32

4.5.5.1 CS OmniDirectional (OD) ....................................................................................................................32

ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
4 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)

4.5.5.2 TS omnidirectional (ODT)....................................................................................................................33

5 Testing for conformance with technical requirements ...........................................................................33

5.1 Void..................................................................................................................................................................33

5.2 Wide radio-frequency band covering antennas specification and test..............................................................33

5.3 Environmental conditions for Testing ..............................................................................................................33

5.4 Radiation Pattern Envelope (RPE) ...................................................................................................................33

5.5 Antenna gain....................................................................................................................................................33

Annex A (normative): HS Requirements and conformance Test specifications Table

(HS-RTT)........................................................................................................34

Annex B (informative): Antenna profiles.............................................................................................36

B.1 General...................................................................................................................................................36

B.2 Directional antennas...............................................................................................................................36

B.3 Sectorial and omnidirectional antennas..................................................................................................37

Annex C (informative): The EN title in the official languages ...........................................................38

Annex D (informative): Bibliography...................................................................................................39

History ..............................................................................................................................................................40

ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
5 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Intellectual Property Rights

IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (http://webapp.etsi.org/IPR/home.asp).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword

This Harmonized European Standard (Telecommunications series) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee

Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing (ATTM).

The present document has been produced by ETSI in response to a mandate from the European Commission issued

under Council Directive 98/34/EC (as amended) laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of

technical standards and regulations.

The present document is intended to become a Harmonized Standard, the reference of which will be published in the

Official Journal of the European Communities referencing the Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of

the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual

recognition of their conformity ("the R&TTE Directive" [1]).

Technical specifications relevant to Directive 1999/5/EC [1] are given in annex A.

This multi-part deliverable covers characteristics and requirements for fixed multipoint radio equipment and antennas,

using a variety of access and duplex methods and operating at a variety of bit rates in frequency bands as specified in

the present document.

The present document is part 3 of a multi-part deliverable covering the Fixed Radio Systems; Multipoint Equipment and

Antennas, as identified below:
Part 1: "Overview and Requirements for Digital Multipoint Radio Systems";

Part 2: "Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for Digital

Multipoint Radio Equipment";

Part 3: "Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive for

Multipoint Radio Antennas".

EN 302 326-2 [6] and the present document are Harmonized ENs and essential requirements are those requirements

which are essential under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive [1].

In the above, "equipment" includes equipment with integral antennas, and "antennas" include requirements for antennas

whether they are integral or non-integral.

Besides its previous versions, the present document with EN 302 326-2 [6] replaces and supersedes the harmonized

EN 301 753 [9] for all Multipoint equipment and antennas under its scope.
ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
6 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
National transposition dates
Date of adoption of this EN: 25 January 2008
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa): 30 April 2008
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e): 31 October 2008
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 October 2009
0 Introduction
0.1 General

For the general background, rationale and structure of the present document see also the clause "Introduction" in

EN 302 326-1 [5].

With respect to previous version of the present document, provisions for TS omnidirectional antennas for indoor NWA

applications are given.
0.2 Relationship with the R&TTE essentials requirements

The present document is part of a set of standards developed by ETSI and is designed to fit in a modular structure to

cover all radio and telecommunications terminal equipment within the scope of the R&TTE Directive [1]. The modular

structure is described in EG 201 399 [7] and shown in figure 1.
ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
7 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
Disabilit y *
3.3f
Emergency *
3.3e
Fraud*
3.3d
3.3c
Privacy *
No harm to the network*
3.3b
* If needed
Scoped by
Interwo rking via the network*
equipment
3.3a
class or type
Interwor king with the network
Use of spectr um
3.2
New radio harmonized standards
Spectrum
Scoped by frequency and/or equipment type
Radio Product EMC
EN 301 489 multi part EMC standard
3.1b
EMC
Generic and product standards also notified under EMC Directive
Standards covering Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields
relating to individual products
New standards for acoustic safety
3.1a
Safety
Standards also notified under LV Directive
Non radio Radio (RE)
TTE Non TTE
Legend:
Scope of this EN: Any Multipoint DFRS
antennas in all frequency bands

Figure 1: Modular structure for the various standards used under the R&TTE Directive [1]

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
8 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
1 Scope
1.1 General

The present document is intended to cover the provisions of the R&TTE Directive [1] regarding article 3.2, which states

that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio

communications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference".

The present document is applicable to the essential requirements of antennas (including those in equipment with

integral antennas) used in Multipoint (MP) Digital Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS) (see note 1) intended for use in the

frequency bands identified in EN 302 326-1 [5].

NOTE 1: Applications intended for offering in the bands 3,4 GHz to 3,8 GHz the option of Nomadic Wireless

Access (NWA), according to the NWA definition in ITU-R Recommendation F.1399 [13], are also

considered in the scope of the present document.

Besides its previous versions, the present document together with EN 302 326-2 [6], replaces and supersedes, after a

suitable transition period, the harmonized EN 301 753 [9] for all multipoint equipment and antennas under its scope.

The present document and EN 302 326-2 [6] introduce rationalization among systems conforming to previous

EN 301 753 [9] referencing a number of ENs which, being developed at different times, may have specified slightly

different antenna parameters. Nevertheless, care has been taken so that such variations will not affect any frequency

planning assumption for already deployed networks. Therefore, unless specifically mentioned, these new requirements,

whenever different from those single ENs, are considered completely "equivalent". Therefore mixed use of antennas

conforming to the present document and to those previous ones will not change, in practice, any frequency planning

rule in any network.

Therefore, from a strictly technical point of view, in most cases it is expected that equipment already conforming to the

previous versions of Harmonized EN 301 753 [9], would not need re-assessment of essential requirements according to

the present document. The legal implications of the declaration of conformity and equipment labelling are, however,

outside the scope of this whole multi-part deliverable. Cases, where additional conformance assessment is required, will

be specifically mentioned in EN 302 326-2 [6] and in the present document.

A formal change in the requirements, with respect to EN 301 753 [9], is that the antenna manufacturer shall declare the

nominal gain and tolerance of the antenna against which the conformity assessment is done.

In addition to the present document, other ENs specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under

other parts of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [1] and which will apply to antennas within the scope of the present

document.

NOTE 2: A list of such ENs is included on the web site: http://www.newapproach.org.

In order to (technically) cover different market and network requirements, with an appropriate balance of performance

to cost and effective and appropriate use of the radio spectrum, the present document, together with EN 302 326-2 [6],

offers a number of system types and antennas alternatives, for selection by administrations, operators and manufacturers

dependent on the desired use of the radio spectrum and network/market requirements; those options include:

• channel separation alternatives (as provided by the relevant CEPT Recommendation);

• spectral efficiency class alternatives (different modulation formats provided in radio equipment standards);

• antenna sectorization alternatives and directivity classes for CS;

• antenna directivity class alternatives for TS and/or RS, as well as omnidirectional alternative for TS intended

for Nomadic Wireless Access (NWA);
• antenna basic polarization (linear or circular).

For Digital Fixed Radio Systems (DFRS), antennas are considered "relevant components" of "radio equipment"

according the definition in article 2(c) of the R&TTE Directive [1].
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
9 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)

More information and background on the R&TTE Directive [1] possible applicability and requirements for stand alone

DFRS antennas is found in EG 201 399 [7] and in TR 101 506 [12].

Technical specifications relevant to the R&TTE Directive [1] are summarized in annex A.

1.2 Frequency ranges

The present document is applicable to antennas (whether integral or non-integral) used in multipoint radio systems

operating in bands allocated to Fixed Service and assigned by national regulations to MP applications within the

following frequency ranges:
• 1 GHz to 3 GHz;
• 3 GHz to 5,9 GHz;
• 5,9 GHz to 8,5 GHz;
• 8,5 GHz to 11 GHz;
• 24,25 GHz to 30 GHz;
• 30 GHz to 40,5 GHz.

NOTE 1: Attention is drawn to the fact that the specific operating bands are subject of CEPT or national licensing

rules. Currently applicable Fixed Service bands and channel plans are described in EN 302 326-1 [5],

although the applicability of these Fixed Service bands is at the discretion of the national administrations.

Therefore, the present document applies only to those bands which are allocated to the Fixed Service

and/or assigned by national regulations to MP applications on the date on which the EN was published.

NOTE 2: Antenna characteristics are not specified at frequencies below 1 GHz and therefore the present document

and Harmonized EN 302 326-2 [6] can not be used for Declaration of conformity, according article 3.2 of

the R&TTE Directive [1] for non integral antennas or for equipment with integral antennas below this

limit. In this case, additional test suites for relevant antenna directional phenomena shall be produced in

accordance with a Notified Body.

NOTE 3: MWS antenna systems in the band 40,5 GHz to 43,5 GHz are not within the scope of the present

document. For these systems see EN 301 997-2 [10].
1.3 Profiles
1.3.1 General

This whole multi-part deliverable allows many distinct types of equipment, several different antenna types and several

ways in which they might be interconnected to form a network. However, the applicability is limited to certain

combinations of attributes and these combinations of attributes are called "profiles". The following clauses address:

• Equipment profiles.
• Antenna profiles.
• System profiles.
1.3.2 Equipment profiles

This whole multi-part deliverable allows alternative consistent sets of recommendations and requirements, each for

identified equipment profiles, which are defined in terms of their Equipment Classification (EqC), which classify

equipments in terms of key characteristics. The profiles (or indeed any specific equipment) within the scope of this

whole multi-part deliverable may be classified as discussed in normative annex A of EN 302 326-1 [5]. Clause 6.1 of

EN 302 326-1 [5] defines the permitted equipment profiles in terms of the various fields of EqC.

ETSI
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SIST EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1:2008
10 ETSI EN 302 326-3 V1.3.1 (2008-02)
1.3.3 Antenna profiles

According to their characteristics, multipoint systems use different types of antennas. Table 1 outlines the multipoint

antenna types described in the present document.
Table 1: Antenna Types
Frequency Range Types Polarization Notes
1 GHz to 3 GHz Directional Linear The sectored and omnidirectional antennas
Sectored single beam may have a symmetric or asymmetric radiation
Omnidirectional pattern in the elevation plane.
3 GHz to 11 GHz Directional Linear The sectored single and omnidirectional
Sectored single beam antennas may have a symmetric or
Sectored multi-beam asymmetric radiation pattern in the elevation
(up to 5,9 GHz only) plane. The sectored multi-beam antennas
Omnidirectional have a symmetric radiation pattern only.
1 GHz to 11 GHz Directional Circular The sectored and omnidirectional antennas
Sectored single beam may have a symmetric or asymmetric radiation
Omnidirectional pattern in the elevation plane.
24,25 GHz to 30 GHz Directional Linear
Sectored single beam
30 GHz to 40,5 GHz Directional Linear The omnidirectional antennas may have a
Sectored single beam symmetric or asymmetric radiation pattern in
Omnidirectional the elevation plane.

The present document is applicable to multipoint radio system antennas of both linear (single or dual) polarization and

circular (single or dual) polarization. Linear polarization antennas may support either or both of two mutually

perpendicular planes of polarization. These planes are frequently, though not always, horizontal and vertical. Circular

polarization antennas may support either right hand or left hand polarization or, for dual polarization, both.

The RPE directional characteristics and polarization characteristics (co-polar and cross-polar and for either linear or

circular polarized antennas) impact on the interference to be considered in network planning. A number of antenna

options are defined in the present document to allow a trade-off between highly demanding RPE directivity and the

cost/size/weight of the antennas. The antenna choice should take into account present and future networks requirements

and constraints.
Annex B discusses Antenna Profiles for multipoint systems.
1.3.4 System profiles

This multi-part deliverable applies only to Multipoint systems using the following antenna type to station type

combinations according to whether the network topology is P-MP or MP-MP (Mesh). Table 2 indicates which system

profiles are within the scope of this multi-part deliverable.
Table 2: System Profiles within the scope of this multi-part deliverable:
Antenna types - Station types combinations
Antenna types
Network Station types Omnidirectional Sectored Directional
topology
P-MP Central Station (CS) Yes Yes No
(See note 1) (See note 1)
Repeater Station (RS)
Facing CS No No Yes
Facing TS or further RS Yes Yes Yes
Terminal Station (TS) Yes (note 2) No Yes
MP-MP Repeater Station (RS) No No Yes

NOTE 1: Sectored antennas with beamwidth < 15° shall conform to the specification otherwise applicable to a directional

antenna.

NOTE 2: Omnidirectional TS antennas are limited to typically indoor deployment (e.g. desk antennas) for NWA

applications in 3,4 GHz to 3,8 GHz bands. Nor outdoor deployable at fixed location, neither integral to handheld

TS,
...

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