Steel wire ropes -- Vocabulary

Definitions are given for certain of the terms concerning steel wire ropes. The classification system used is shown by the contents list, and an alphabetical index is provided for detailed reference.

Câbles en acier -- Vocabulaire

Jeklene žične vrvi - Slovar, trijezična izdaja

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Apr-1997
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-May-1997
Due Date
01-May-1997
Completion Date
01-May-1997

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SIST ISO 2532:1997
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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 2532:1997
01-maj-1997
-HNOHQHåLþQHYUYL6ORYDUWULMH]LþQDL]GDMD
Steel wire ropes -- Vocabulary
Câbles en acier -- Vocabulaire
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 2532:1974
ICS:
01.040.21 Mehanski sistemi in deli za Mechanical systems and
splošno rabo (Slovarji) components for general use
(Vocabularies)
77.140.65 Jeklene žice, jeklene vrvi in Steel wire, wire ropes and
verige link chains
SIST ISO 2532:1997 en,fr,ru

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
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SIST ISO 2532:1997
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
NORME INTERNATIONALE
MEXjJYHAPOflHbIti CTAHAAPT

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION #ME-XflYHAPOLIHAJl OPrAHM3ALlMR I-IO CTAHJAPTM3ALWiM.ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALE DE NORMALISATION

Steel wire ropes - Vocabulary
First edition - 19744 2-01
Cables en acier - Vocabulaire
Premiere Edition - 1974-12-01
GTaJIbHbIt! IIpOBOJIOFlHbIe KaHZtTbI - CJIOBZQb
IIepleoe w3nawie - 1974-12-01
UDC/CDlJ/YAK: 677.72:001.4 Ref. No. / Rbf. No : ISO 2532 - 1974 (E/F/R)
Ccmma JVk HC0 2532 - 1974 (A/ili>/P)

Descriptors : wire rope - vocabulary / Descripteurs : cable mhallique - vocabulaire / On~CaHHe:npOBOnOsHbIC KaHaTbI - CJIOBapb

Price based on 45 pages / Prix bas6 sur 45 pages / UeHa paccwxTaHa Ha 45 CTP
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
FOREWORD

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of

national Standards institutes (ISO Member Bodies). The work of developing International

Standards is carried out through ISO Technical Committees. Every Member Body inter-

ested in a subject for which a Technical Committee has been set up has the right to be repre-

sented on that Committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental,

in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

Draft International Standards adopted by the Technical Committees are circulated to the

Member Bodies for approval before their acceptance as International Standards by the ISO

Council.
International Standard ISO 2532 was drawn up by Technical Committee ISO/TC 105,
Steel wire ropes, and circulated to the Member Bodies in September 1972.
It has been approved by the Member Bodies of the following countries:
Australia India Spain
Austria Israel Sweden
Belgium Italy Swi tzerland
Denmark Japan Thailand
Egypt, Arab Rep. of Netherlands Turkey
France Romania
United Kingdom
Germany South Africa, Rep. of U.S.S.R.
No Member Body expressed disapproval of the document.
AVANT-PROPOS

ISO (Organisation Internationale de Normalisation) est une federation mondiale d ’orga-

nismes nationaux de normalisation (Comites Membres ISO). L ’elaboration de Normes

Internationales est confiee aux Comites Techniques ISO. Chaque Comite Membre interesse

par une etude a le droit de faire Partie du Comite Technique correspondant. Les organisa-

tions internationales, gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec I ’ISO,

participent egalement aux travaux.

Les Projets de Normes Internationales adoptes par les Comites Techniques sont soumis

aux Comites Membres pour approbation, avant leur acceptation comme Normes Inter-
nationales par le Conseil de 1 ’ISO.

La Norme Internationale ISO 2532 a etc etablie par le Comite Technique ISO/TC 105,

CSbZes etz acier, et soumise aux Comites Membres en septembre 1972.
Elle a et& approuvee par les Comites Membres des pays suivants:
Afrique du Sud, Rep. d’ Roumanie
Espagne
Allemagne France Royaume-Uni
Australie Inde
Suede
Autriche Israel Suisse
Belgique Italie Thailande
Danemark Japon Turquie
Egypte, Rep. arabe d’
Pays-Bas U.R.S.S.
Aucun Comite Membre n ’a desapprouve le document.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
BBEAEHME

Iilco (MeXJJyHapOAHaR OpraHH3aIJHSi IIO CTaHAapTH3aIJHH) IIBJIIIeTCII BCeMHpHOti @ep;epa-

IJEieti HayHOHaJIbHbIX OpraHOB IIO CTaHAapTM3aIJkIH (KOMHTeTOB-WEHOB IiIco). Paspa6oma

MeXAyHapOAHbIX CTaHAapTOB OCyIIJeCTBJI5leTCSI TeXHHYeCKkIMH KOMHTeTaMH MCO. Kaxmii

KOMHTeT-YJIeH, 3aHHTepeCOBaHHbIti B AeSITeJIbHOCTEI KaKoro-m6o TexHmeCKOrO KOMHTeTa,

EfMeeT IIpaBO yYaCTBOBaTb B er0 pa6oTax. ~paBHTeJIbCTBeHHbIe kf HeIIpaBHTeJIbCTBeHHbIe

MeXAyHapOAHbIe OpraHEfJaIJEfH, COTpyAHEiYaEOIQMe C klco, TaKXe IIpHHHMaIOT yYaCTHe

B pa6oTax.

npOeKTb1 h!kxAyHapOAHbIX CTaHAapTOB, IIpHH5ITbIe TexHEtWCK~Mki KOMkITeTaMH, IIepeA

HX yTBepXAeHHeM COBeTOM IiIco B KaZIeCTBe MeXJJyHapOAHbIX CTaHAapTOB, PaCCbIJIaIoTCR

Ha oAo6peme BCeM KOMMTeTaM-YJIeHaM.
MeXAyHapoAHbIti CTaHAapT PICO 2532 pa3pa6oTaH TexHmecKmf KoMHTeTOM EiICO/
TK 105, CrnaJnd-ue nposonowbze Kattambz, M HanpasneH KommeTaM-WIeHaM B ceHTa6pe
1972 rosa.
OH 6w-r oAo6peH KOMkITeTaMH-WIeHaMm CJIeAyIoIIJHx CTpaH :
hCTpanHR MHAH~ TaHnaHA
McnaHkUI
ABCTPHII TYPLTH~
E;enbrkw k31TaJIIUI cDpaHIJHrr
repMaHHrr HkIAepJIaHAbI IIIse%qapm
AaHHII 06SeAHHeHHOe KOpOJ-IeBCTBO Ul[BeIUUl
EmneT, Apa6cKag PeCn . K)XHO-A@pHKaHCKaa PeCII.
PyMbIHkfSI
I/IspakInb CCCP %IOHMII
HH OAEIH KOMHTeT-WEH He OTKJIOHHJI AOKyMeHT.
0 International Organization for Standardization, 1974 l
0 Organisation Internationale de Normalisation, 1974 l
0 MexAyHapOAHaR Opram3amH no CTa~apm3aqau, 1974 l
Printed in Switzerland / Imprind en Suisse / I3[3AaHo B ~BeiirUapJIkI
. . .
111
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
CONTENTS SOMMAIRE COII[EPXAHHE
Ha3HaWHHe W 06JIaCTb l-IpHMCHCHHSI
Scope and field of application Objet et domaine d ’application
SECTION ONE : YACTb IIEPBA5I:
kI3I-OTOBJIeHEie KaH%LTOB
Manufacture of ropes
and their constituents U WX COCTaBHbIX =IaCTeii
1 Wires Fils ~I~~B~JI~KM
Torons
2 Strands IlPgAM:
3 Ropes Cables KaHaTbI
Ames Cep)JeYHHKEI
4 Cores
Fibres intercalaires ou remplissage BKJ-IaAbIInH
5 Inserts
fibreux
Lubrifiants
6 Lubricants CMa3KH
7 Covering of rope Revetement du cable nOKpbITMe KaHaTOB
SECTION TWO: SECTION DEUX: YACTb BTOPAg:
Types of ropes Types de cables Tmbx IGlHaTOB
Cables ronds Kpyrnbre
8 Round ropes
9 Braided ropes Cables tresses &IJIeTeHHbIC KaHaTbI
Cables plats
10 Flat ropes rhOCKHe KaHaTbI
SECTION TROIS : YACTb TPETbJI:
SECTION THREE:

Dimensional and mechanical Caracteristiques dimensionnelles et PasMepnbre u Mexamiuecrcne

xaparwepucwwn, n Aonycrcu
characteristics and toIerances mecaniques, et tokances
Valeur BenmMHbr
11 Value
12 Linear dimensions Dimensions lineaires .&IHeZiHbIe pa3MepbI
13 Cross-section Section transversale nonepenHoe ceYeHkIe
Masse Bec
14 Mass
15 Mechanical properties Caracteristiques mecaniques MexankIYecKne cBoi;icTsa
Tolerantes AOII~CKIS
16 Tolerantes
SECTION FOUR: SECTION QUATRE: YACTb YETBEPTA5I:
Order and supply Commande et livraison 3alca3 EI nocTanKa
17 Interested Parties Parties interessees 3aHHTepeCOBaHHbIe CTOpOH b1
Clauses de tontrat COAepXaHHe KOHTpaKTa
18 Contract clauses
SECTION FIVE: SECTION CINQ : YACTb IDITAJI:
Acceptance Reception IIpueMrca
19 Sampling Echantillonnage 0~60~ npo6
Reception du fil
20 Acceptance of wire HpHeMKa IIpOBOJIOKEl
21 Acceptance of rope Reception du cable HpHeMKa KaHaTOB
Reception de l’ame textile
22 Acceptance of fibre core npHeMKa CepAC!IHEiKOB H3 BOJlOKHa
23 Acceptance of lubricants Reception du lubrifiant npHeMKa CMa3OK
SECTION SIX: SECTION SIX: YACTb IIIECTAJI:
Usage
Use rIpHMeHeHue
24 Function Fonction Aetimme
25 Destination Destination Ha3naYenne
Conditions de travail Pa6oYne ycnosm
26 Working conditions
27 Installation Installation YCTaHOBKa
Entretien
28 Maintenance TeXm-iYeCKOe 06cnyxaBaH%ie
Defauts des cables Ae@eKTbI KaHaTOB
29 Defects of ropes
PWCYHKH 24
Index hI#aBIiTHbIe yIGt3aTenH
Indexes
- English - anglais - aHnr.HticKEIii 27
- French - francais - @paHqy3KEl[ii 34
- russe - pyCCKLlii 41
- Russian
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO 2532 - 1974 (E/F/R)
NORME INTERNATIONALE
EICO 2532 - 1974 (A/@/P)
MEXflYHAPOAHbI$t CTAHAAPT
Cables en acier - CTaJIbEIbIe I-I~OBOJIOWIbIe
Steel wire ropes -
Vocabulaire IcaHaTbI- CJIOBapb
Vocabulary
OBJET ET DOMAINE HA3HAYEHIkiE
SCOPE AND FIELD OF
D ’APPLICATION M OEJIACTb IIPHMEHEHLI5.I
APPLICATION

This International Standard gives a clas- La prksente Norme Internationale fournit PaCCMaTpHBaeMbIii MeXAyHapOAHbIii

une liste classifiee de termes Äquivalents, CTaHAapT AaeT KJIaCCH@HIJHpOBaHHbIti He-

sified list of equivalent terms, in English,

French and Russian, concerning steel wire en anglais, en francais et en russe, concer- pe!IeHb 3KBHBaJIeHTHbIX TepMHHOB IIO

ropes. Definitions are given for certain of nant les cables en acier. Des definitions CTaJIbHbIM IIpOBOJIOYHbIM KaHaTaM Ha

sont donnees pour certains de ces termes. aHrJII&CKOM, @paHI[Iy3CKOM I3: pyCCKOM
these terms. The classification System used

is shown by the contents list on the Le Systeme de classification utilise est II3bIKaX. &QIR HeKOTOpbIX TepMHHOB AaHbI

onpeAeneHm9. PicIIonbsyeMa5I CHCTeMa

preceding Page, and an alphabetical index indique dans la table des matieres a la

is provided for detailed reference. page precedente, et un index est ajoute KJIaccH@HKaumH HoKa3aHa B coAepxaHHH

en vue de faciliter la recherche des termes. Ha HpeAbIJJyIIJeti CTpaHHI@ EI AJ-IR CCbIJIKH

IIpeAyCMOTpeH aJI@aBHTHbIii yKa3aTeJIb.
SECTION ONE SECTION UN YACTb IIEPBAX
FABRICATION DES CiiBLES &,i3lYOTOBJIEHIIIE KAHATOB
MANUFACTURE OF ROPES
AND THEIR CONSTITUENTS ET DE LEURS ELlh4ENTS IiI IiIX COCTABHbIX =IACTEM
CONSTITUANTS
1 WIRES FILS IIPOBOJIOWI
MeTOA H3l- ‘OTOBJIeHWR
1.1 method of manufacture mode de fabrication
1.1.1 drawing tr&Yage 60noqeme
1) cyxoe BonoYemie
dry drawing 1) trefilage a sec
wet drawing 2) trefilage au baquet (ou par voie 2) MOKpOeBOJIOYeHHe
humide)
lS.2 cold rolling laminage afroid xonodHafl ripouamKa
patentage nameHmuposaHue
1.1.3 patenting
lead patenting 1) patentage au plomb 1) IlaTeHTHpOBaHHeBCBHHIJOBOiiBaHHe
air patenting 2) patentage Zi l'air 2) BO3AyIIIHOe HaTeHTHpOBaHIZe
@opMa nonepeworo ceYemiH
1.2 shape of cross-section forme de Ia section transversale
circulaire Kpyznafl
1.2.1 round
1.2.2 shaped profilke @aCOHHaR
1) 3eToo6pa3HaR
Z-shaped 1) enZ
trapezoidal 2) trapezoidale 2) TpaneuemAanbHafl

1 or X, half-leck or rail section 3) bigorge en 1 ou en X 3) BOCbMepHOO6pa3HbI8 EIJIM HKco6pa3-

HbI&IIOJIy3aKpbITbIiiMJIMpeJIbCOBbI~
IIpO&IJIb
other shapes 4) autres formes 4) npowenpo@HnH
MaTepuan
1.3 material mati&e
HenezuposaHHafi cmanb (yznepoducma.8
1.3.~ unalloyed steel (carbon steel) acier non all2 (acier au carbone)
cmanb)

mild steel (low carbon steel) 1) acier doux 1) MRrKaR CTaJIb (HH3KOyrJIepOAkICTafl

CTaJIb)
2) acier dur 2) TBepAaSf CTaJIb (BbICOKOyrJIepOAH-
hard steel (high carbon steel)
CTaFI CTaJIb)
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
ISO 2532 - 1974
Im0 2532 - 1974
1.3.2 alloy steel acier all@ nezupo6aVnafl cmaAb
corrosion-resisting steel 1) acier inoxydable 1) KOppO3HOHHOCTOtiKa5I CTaJIb
l.3.3 non-ferrous metals Q3emnbze Memannbl
metaux non ferreux

1.4 condition of surface (in respect of its nature de Ia surface CocTORHue noBepxHocTu (o6pa6oTKa)

treatment)

1.4.1 without coating (bright steel) sans revetement (acier clair) 6e3 noKpblmu8 (c6emnafl cmanb)

1.4.2 protective coating saujumnoe norcpblmue
redement protecteur
1) galvanized 1) J@IHKOBOeIIOKpbITHe
1) zingue
a) hot dip galvanized a) zingue & chaud a) MeTO,@d rOpPiCr0 IJEZHKOBaHMII

b) electrolytically galvanized b) galvanise electrolytiquement 6) IJHHKOBaHkfe 3JIeKTpOJIHTHYeCKI4M

CIIOCO6OM
c) finally galvanized c) zinguk non retrefile B) IJHHKOBaHkIeHaI'OTOBOMpa3Mepe

d) drawn galvanized (i.e. drawn d) zingue retr&X r) LI[MHKOBaHEIeCnOCJIC~yIOIQMMBO-

after galvanizing) J-IOYeHHeM (TO eCTb BOJIOYeHHe
nOCJIe OIJHHKOBaHMR)
tin coated 2) &am& 2) nyxemae
Cadmium coated 3) KaAMHpOBaHHe
3) cadmie
brass coated 4) JIaTyHEipOBaHHe
4) 4) bronze
topper coated 5) cuivre 5) MeAHeHHe
other coatings 6) autres revetements 6) IIpOYMenOKpbITHFI
1.5 Position of wires
Position des fik nonoxemie npo~onomi
1.5.1
core wire (or king wire) Jil central yenmpanbnafl nposonorca (nposonoKa
cepdeqnurca)
1.5.2 co vering wires
fils de couverture npO6OAOKa nOKpbl6aFOUjUX CAOe6
wires of intermediate layers
1) 1) fils des Couches intermediaires 1) IIpOBOJlOKa IIpOMe3KyTOYHbIX CJIOeB
(HJIM 3arIOJIHeHEIII)

wires of the outer layer 2) fils de la couche exterieure 2) IIpOBOJIOKa HapyxHOrO CJIO5f np5IAei

1.6 function of wires
fonction des fils Ha3HaYeHMe rrpo~onorm
wires: All the wires

1.6.1 load-bearing fils porteurs: Tous les fils qui sont consi- npoBonoltCa, Hecyqaa Harpy3m : Bce npo-

which are considered as contributing
deres comme contribuant par leur Charge BOJIOKH, Cnoco6cTBymqm yBemweHmo

to the breaking load of the rope. de rupture propre 5 celle du cable. pa3pbIBHOti npOYHOCTkI KaHaTa.

1.6.2 filler wires :

Comparatively small fils de remplissage: Fils de diamktre relati- IIpOBOJrOKa 3auOJIHeHHR : HpOBOJIOKa CpaB-

wires used in certain constructions vement faible formant dans certaines HMTeJTbHO He6OnbmOrO AEiaMeTpa,HCnOnb-

of equal lay ropes (see 3.2.2-1)) to constructions & fils paralleles (voir 3.2.2-1)) 3yeMarr B HeKoTopbIx K~HCT~~K~MIIX KaHa-

obtain the necessary number of
le nombre de cannelures necessaires pour TOB napanJ-xenbHog CBEIBKH (nkIHeMHor0

interstices for supporting the layer supporter la couche des fils de couverture. KaCaHEIR) (CM. 3.2.2-1) AJ-IS IIOJIyYeHEUI

of covering wires.
Tpe6yeMoro KOJIHYeCTBa npOMe)KyTKOB
AJIR IIOMepxKH npOBOnOKH
KpbITMSI.

NOTE - Depending on the particular cir- NOTE - Suivant le cas, les fils remplissage IIPHMEYAHHE - B 3aBEiCEiMOCTZ.i OT KOHKpCT-

cumstances, filler wires may or may] not be

ou non, kgalement fils porteurs. HbIX CJIyYaCB IlpOBOJIOKa 3aIIOJIHCHHR MOHCCT 6bITb

load-bearing wires. HecyqeCi HJIH He Hecyqeii Harpy3Ky.

1.6.3 stitching wires: Single wires, or fils de couture: Fils isolks ou assembk en lIpOBOJIOKa AJIZI CIIIYIBIW ICaHaTOB: OAHHap-

wires formed into Strands, used for torons, utilises pour la couture des cables Ha5I IIpOBOJIOKa EIJIH IIpOBOJIOKa, o6%eAH-

the stitching of flat ropes.
plats. HeHHa5I B IIp5IAEf, ucnoJIb3yenBafl ~nl~
CIIIMBKH IIJIOCKHX KaHaTOB.

1.6.4 seizing wires: Single wires, or wires fils de ligature: Fils simples ou toronnes uti-

COeAHHeHHc upOBOJIOK BSI3KOii : OJtHHapHaJI

formed into Strands, used for lises par enroulement en helice a spires IIpOBOJIOKa EIJ-IEI IIpOBOJIOKa, 06beAmHea-

making a close-wound helical serv- jointives pour maintenir en place les ele-
HaR B nprr~m, Hcnonb3yeMaH AJ-W o6pa3o-

ing to retain the components of a ments d ’un toron ou d ’un cable (Transfil). BaHH5I 3aMKHyTOrO CnHpaJ-IbHOrC) ITpOBO-

Strand or rope in their assembled J-IOYHOrOnOKpOBa~JIRCOXpaHeHMRKOMIIO-
Position.
HeHTOB IIp5IAH EU-IM KaHaTa B CO6paHHoM
rIOJIOxeHElM.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
ISO 2532 - 1974 (E/F/R)
MC0 2532 - 1974 (A/cP/P)

1.7 characteristics of wire by which it is caract&istiques du fil inttkessant Ia classifi- XapaKTepwcTuKu, no KOTOpbIM

classified l) cation l) macc@HqIipyeTca npoBono~al)

1.7.1 tensile grade: A level of requirement classe de rbsistance : Niveau d ’exigences KJIaCC ITPOYHOCTH: YpOBeHb Tpe6OsaHHZi

of tensile strength. It is designated pour la ksistance. Elle est dksignke par la K pa3pbIBHoii II~OYHOCTH. OH o6o3Ha-

by the minimum value of the Valeur minimale de la gamme de la rksis- YaeTCfl MHHHMaJIbHbIM 3HaYeHkIeM COOTBeT-

appropriate range of the tensile tance choisie. CTByIoIIJero Anana3oHa pa3pbIBHOfi npon-

HOCTEI.
strength.

1.7.2 quality of coating : A characteristic qualit6 du revetement : Caractkristique d& KaYeCTBO lIOKpbIT&UI: XapaKTepHcTmKa,

defined by the mass, the evenness finie par la masse, la rkgularitk et l ’adhk OIIpeAeJUIeMaR MaCCOil[, OAHOpOAHOCTbK)

and the adherence of the coating. rence du revetement. H IIJIOTHbIM COeAHHeHHeM IIOKpbITWi.

1.8 joining of wires liaison des fiIs coemmemie II~~B~JI~KH
1.8.1 electric butt welding par soudure blectrique WIeKTpHYeCKaSI CBapKa BCTbIK
1.8.2 brazing par brasure IIaiiKa TBepAbIM IIpEiIIOeM
1.8.3 twisting par torsade CKpyYHBaHHe
2 STRANDS TORONS IIPH,@I

Strand: An element of rope consist- toron: l%ment de cable constitue par un IlpSIAb: %IeMeHT KaHaTa, COCTO5IIIQIti EI3

ing of an assembly of several wires assemblage de plusieurs fils de formes et HeCKOJIbKHx npOBOJIOK COOTBeTCTByI-OIIJerO

of appropriate shape and dimen- de dimensions appropriees, enroules heli- I-IpO@UUI EI pa3MepOB, CIIJIeTeHHbIX IIO

sions spun helically in one or more coidalement en une ou plusieurs Couches. cnzipanm B OJIJIH HJIH 6onee CJIoeB.

layers.

NOTE - In some cases, a Single Strand NOTE - En certains cas, un toron simple constitue IIP5IMEYAHIiZE - B HeKOTOPbIX CJIy%UIX OnHa

constitutes a rope.
un cable. IIpfiJJb COCTaBJVIeT KaHaT.

2.1 manufacturing machines machines de fabrication IIpOL13BOACTBeHHbIe MaIIIEiHbI

2.1.1 tubular (stranding or laying) ma- machines (toronneuses ou cableuses) tubu- Tpy6YaTafi MaIUHHa (MamHHa AJDI CKpy-

chines laires YHBaHHSI CTpeHr HJIH ITpSIAeiir KaHaTa)
2.1.2 planetary machines machines & tage IIJIaHeTapHbIe CTaHKkI
2.2 shape of Strands section des torons cpopMa IIpaJ&ew
round Strand: A Strand having a npanb ~cpymoro nonepessoro ceYeHm:
2.2.1 toron rond: Toron dont la section droite

perpendicular Cross-section which is est de forme approximativement circulaire. nonepe9Hoe ceqeH5re ~0~opoEi

HPflAb,
approximately the shape of a circle. MMeeT npH6JIH3HTeJIbHO @OpMy OKpyX-
HOCTEI.
triangular Strand: A Strand having npap[b TpeyroJlraHor0 nonepesrioro ceYeHm:
2.2.2 toron triangulaire: Toron dont Ia section

a perpendicular Cross-section which droite est de forme approximativement nonepeqsoe ceYemie KoTopo

nPflAb,

is approximately the shape of a triangulaire. MMeeT npH6nm3mTeJIbHO Q>OpMy TpeyrOJIb-

triangle. HHKa.
oval Strand: A Strand having a IIpSIAb OBaJIbHOrO nonepemoro ceYeHm:
2.2.3 toron ovale: Toron dont la section droite

perpendicular Cross-section which is est de forme approximativement ovale. nonepeqaoe ceqeHEfe ~o~opoii

n[PflAb,
approximately the shape of an oval. HMeeT npH6m3nTenbHO @OpMy OBaJIa.

2.2.4 ribbon Strand: A Strand having a toron plat: Toron dont la section droite a, JIeHTOYHaSI IIpSIJJb : npIIAb, IIOnepenHOe

perpendicular Cross-section which is ceYeHEl;e KOTOPO~~[ HMeeT npn6nElr3HTeJlbHO
approximativement, la forme d ’un rec-

approximately the shape of a rec- tangle ou d ’un parallelogramme. @OpMy IIp5IMOyrOJIbHHKa EIJIEi napanJIenO-

tangle or a parallelogram. rpaMMa.
3 ROPES CÄBLES KAHATbI
ckble : Construction de plusieurs torons KauaT : KOHCT~~KLWI, cocToxmag 513 He-
rope: A construction of several
CBEITbIX IIO CnFIpaJIEi

Strands wound helically in one or enrouks helicoidalement en une ou plu- CKOJIbKHX np5fAe%,

sieurs Couches. B OAHH EIJIEI 6onee cnoeB.
more layers.

NOTE-In some cases, a rope is consti- NOTE - En certains cas, un cable est constituk IIPI?lMEYAHl?IE - B HeKOTOPbIX CJIJ ’%UlX KSLHaT

par un toron simple. COCTOHT H3 OAHOfi IIpRnH.
tuted by a Single Strand.

l) Les caractkristiques principales intkressant la clas- ‘1 OCHOBHbIe XapaKTCpHCTkiKFi, CBI13aHHbIe C KJ-IX-

l-) The main characteristics relating to the classifica-

sification sont la rksistance et Ia qualitk du revete- cm@3KaqzieB - Pa3PbIBHWI IIPOYHOCTb M KaYeCTBO

tion are the tensile strength and the quality of

ment. Les autres caractkristiques sont liees a ces IIOKPMTMR. &JyrZZC XapaKTCpEiCTHKH 3aBFiCIIT OT

coating. The other characteristics are dependent
deux caractkristiques principales. 3TldX ABYX OCHOBHbIX XapaKTCpHCTHK.
on these two main characteristics.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
ISO 2532 - 1974 (E/F/R)
EXC0 2532 - 1974 (A/Qp/P)

3.1 intemal Stresses and balancing tensions et equilibre internes BHyTpeHHne HalQSIXeHnH n

HepacKpysHBaeMocTb

3.1.1 ropes with low intemal Stresses: cables a faibles tensions internes: Cables KaHaTbI C Hn3KnMn BHyTpeHHnMn HallpSI-

Ropes which are manufactured us- fabriques selon une methode visant a XeHHRMn: KaHaTbI, IIOJIyYeHHbIe MeTO-

ing methods aimed at reducing reduire les tensions internes provenant du AaMn, qenbro KOTOPI>IX I3iBnReTcx cHI33Ke

internal Stresses arising from spin- Cette methode peut faire
commettage. HMe BHyTpeHHHX HaIIpDKeHd, BO3HHKilIO-

ning. These methods tan include appel & la preformation et a la postfor- IIJSlX IIpH CBMBKe. 3TH MeTOfibI MOryT

preforming and postforming. mation. BKJIIOYaTb IIpeJJBapHTeJ-IbHOe EI IlOCJlep;ylco-

rrr;ee @OpMOBaHHe.
3.1.2 tibles a faible torsion: Cables dans lesquels
ICaHaTbI C Hn3KnMn HalIpriXCeHnSIMn IIpn

les fils et les couches de torons sont dis- Kpy=IeHnH (HeKpyTSILIJneCSI): KaHaTbI, B KO-

pos& de maniere A reduire le plus possible
TOpbIX IIpOBOJIOKa EI CJIOH IIpflp;& paC-
le couple ou le degre de torsion quand le IIOJlOlKeHbI TaKEIN o6pa3oM, YTO IIOA
cable est mis sous tension par une Charge HaTIIlKeHHeM, BbI3BaHHbIM C~o6o~HOii

axiale libre. Ce resultat peut etre obtenu OCeBOii: HWpy3KO8, KaHCLT o6naAaeT MHHH-

a des degres divers, soit par l ’emploi de MaJIbHbIM KpyTRIIJHM MOMeHTOM EUIH MEZ-

deux ou plusieurs couches de torons de HEIMaJIbHOti CTeIIeHbEO BparyeHHcI. TaKoii

meme construction (cables dits antigira-
pe3yJ-IbTaT MOlKHO IIOJIyWTb HCIIOJlb30Ba-

toires) soit par l ’emploi d ’une seule couche HHeM AByX EUIH 6onee cnoeB npxaeil

de torons sur une ame metallique cablee OAMHaKOBOM KOHCTpyKIJHH (GMaJIOKpyTSI-
(cables dits semi-equilibres). IIlJ%eCJI KaHaTbID), MJIEI OAHOrO CJIOfl IIpSI-
ne%, o6smoro BOKpyr He3aBHCMMOTO Cep-
AeYHHKa IIpOBOJIO!IHOrO KaHaTa (CaMO-
6anaHcupyrorqneccI KaHaTbID) .
3.2 characteristics of spinning
caracteristiques du commettage XapaIcTepscTnIca CBEIBKM
3.2.1 couches CJIOR
3.2.2 type of stranding type de toronnage Tnl-l CKpy~HBaHnSI
equal (parallel) lay rope: A rope
1) c%ble A fils paralldes : Gable dans 1) KaHaT paBHOMepHOii (napamenbwoii)
-1)

in which the wires in the Strands lequel les fils sont toronnes de telle CBnBKn: ]ECaHaT, B KOTOpOM IlpOBO-

are so spun that they all have Sorte que les pas des differentes JIOKa B IIp5IASIX CBEIBaeTC5I TaKHM

an equal lay length. It follows couches sont identiques. 11 en resulte o6pa3oM, YTO BCe OHH MMeIOT OAEI-

that the contact between all wires que le contact entre les fils est lineaire HaKOBbIe CBEITbIe AJIHHbI, B pe3yJIb-

is linear (see figure 1, page 24).
(voir figure 1, page 24). TaTe yero KacaHHe MexAy BceMH
IIpOBOJIOKaMH JIkIHeMHOe (CM. pkIC. 1,
CTp. 24).
Cross (non-parallel) lay rope: A
2) cable a fils non paralleles: Gable 2) KanaT Icpecronoii (HenapanneJranoii)

rope in which the wires in succes- dans lequel les fils des differentes CBHBICH: Karat, B K0~0p0~ I-IpOBO-

sive layers of the Strand are spun couches sont toronnes sous des angles JIOKH B CJIeAyIOLIJHX OAEIH 3a. ApyrHM

at approximately the Same lay
sensiblement egaux. 11 en resulte que CJIOIIMH IIpRAH CBHBaI-OTCSI IIOA IIpSi-

angle. It follows that the wires in le contact entre fils des differentes 6JIa3HTeJIbHO OAllHaKOBbIM yrJ-IOM

successive layers make Point con- couches est ponctuel. CBEIBKEI. B pe3yJ-IbTaTe 3TOrO IIpO-

tact.
BOJ-IOKH B CJIeAyfO~EIX OAHH 3a Apy-
r2lM CJIOeM HMeIOT TOYeYHbI% KOH-
TaKT .
commettage: Nom donne & l ’ensemble des CBHBKa: Tepmm, IIpHCBOeHHbI~ rpyIIIIe
3.2.3 spinning : The name given to the
orIepaq&, BKJIEOYaEOIIJIIX CKpyYHBaHHe
group of operations which includes operations qui comprennent Ie toronnage
des fils et le cablage des torons. IIpOBOJIOKEi H 3aKpbIBaHHe IIpSIAeii.
stranding of wires and closing of
Strands.
angle angle 1) yron
a) angle de toronnage des fils a) yrOJI CKpyYHBaHLIFI IIpOBOJIOKH
angle of stranding of wires
(YI ’OJI IIpOBOJIOKH)
(wire angle)

b) angle of closing of Strands b) angle de cablage des torons 6j yroJI 3aKpbIBaHHII npflAeii (yrOJI

lsprrp;eki)
(Strand angle)
2) sens de cablage ou de toronnage 2) nanpan~emie CBEIBICZI uauaTa MJIII
direction of lay of rope or Strand
npHAH
a) npasarr CBEIBKa
a) right-hand, or 2 a) a droite, ou Z
b) a gauehe, ou S 6) JIeBafl CBMBKa
b) left-hand, or S
3) THII CBHBKM
3) type of lay 3) mode de cablage
a) npocTarr nm perynnpyeMari cBnB-
ordinary or regular lay rope: a) cable ordinaire ou croise: Gable
dans lequel le sens de toronnage Ka KaHaTa: KaHaT, B K0~0p0~
Rope in which the direction of
Haupasnenne CBMBKH np%l CKpy-
lay in the stranding is opposite des fils est oppose A celui du
YHBaHHH IIpOTHBOIIOJIO3KHO Ha-
to the direction of lay in clos- cablage des torons.
ing the rope. IIpaBJleHEGO CBHBKH IIpZI 3aKpbI-
BaHMEI KaHaTa.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
ISO 2532 - 1974 (E/F/R)
MC0 2532 - 1974 (A/Q/P)
b) cable Lang: Gable dans lequel le 6) napannenbHaH cHnHHa HaHaTa:
b) Langs lay rope: Rope in which

the direction of lay in the sens de toronnage des fils est KaHaT, B K0~0p0~ rranpar3fienme

le meme que celui du cablage des CBEIBKH IIpH CKpyYEBaHHH COBIIa-
stranding is the same as the
direction of lay in closing torons. AaeT C HaIIpaBJIeHHeM CBHBKM IIpH
3aKpbIBaHMH KaHaTa.
the rope.
4) AJInHa CBUBKM
lay length (pitch)
4) Pas
a) de toronnage d ’un fil dans un a) npoHonoHn B npHAn: IIIar cnn-
a) of a wire in the Strand: The

pitch of the helix of the axis of toron: Pas de l’helice formee par PaJIH OCH IIpOBOJIOKM B IIpOAOJIb-

l’axe du fil mesure sur l’axe longi- HOii OCH IIp5IAH.
the wire in the longitudinal axis
of the Strand. tudinal du toron.

b) of laying of a Strand: The pitch b) de cablage d ’un toron: Pas de cHnHHH npHAn: IIIar cmipanki 0ckI

l’helice formee par l’axe du toron IYIpSIAH B IIpOAOJIbHOii OCM KaHaTa.
of the helix of the axis of the
Strand in the longitudinal axis mesure sur l’axe longitudinal du
of the rope. cable.

effective cross-section for evaluation section utile pour Ie de Ia Charge noae3HaH nnomaab nonepessoro ceHeHnH

3.3
of breaking load rupture AJIH pacHeTa paspymaromefi HarpysHH
3.3.1 shape of rope forme de cable @opMa HaHaTa
round 1) rond 1) Kpyrnas
2) tresse 2) OIIJIeTHeHHa5I
braided
3) plat 3) rIJIOcKa5I
flat
AMES CEPAYHHKM
4 CORES

ame: Partie centrale d ’un toron ou d ’un CepAeBHHK: UeHTpaJIbHafl YaCTb IIpSIAH MJIEI

core: The centre of a Strand or the
centre of a rope. cable. KaHaTa.
textile BOJIOKHO
fibre dure TBepAOe BOJIOKHO
4.1.1 hard fibre
fibre tendre
4.1.2 soft fibre MIITKOe BOJIOKHO
metallique MeTaJIJl
4.2
matiere plastique ou artificielle
4.3 plastics or synthetic material nJ=racTnHH HJIU cHHTeTnHecHHH MaTepHan
autres types de matieres nposnfi MaTepuaa
4.4 other types of material
INSERTS BKJIAAbIlIlkI
5 FIBRES INTERCALAIRES
OU REMPLISSAGE FIBREUX
BW-IaAbIHl : BonoKHa, YJ-IOXeHHbIe TaKHM

insert: Fibres so placed as to sepa- fibres intercalaires ou remplissage fibreux :

o6pa3oM, YTO6bI OHEI pa3AeJnuIn CoceAHHe

rate adjacent Strands or wires in the Fibres textiles intercalees de facon a separer

IIp%iAH IIJ-IH IIpOBOJIOKH B TOM Xe HJIFJ[
same or covering layers. les fils ou les torons adjacents d ’une meme
IIOKpOBHOM CJIO5IX.
couche ou de deux couches differentes.
6 LUBRICANTS KAHATHbIE CMA3Wl
LUBRIFIANTS
nponcxo2HAeHne
6.1 origin
6.1.1 mineral minerale MMHepaJlbHaSI
6.1.2 vegetable vegetale paCTHTeJIbHaR
6.1.3 animal animale XHBOTHa5l
6.1.4 synthetic synthetique
6.2 Tnn cMa3Hn
tYPe
6.2.1 liquid (oils) liquides (huiles) XHAKLle (Macna)
6.2.2 plastic (greases) plastiques (graisses) IIJIaCTHYHbIe (CMa3KII)
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2532:1997
ISO 2532 - 1974 (E/F/R)
MC0 2532 - 1974 (A/@/P)
6.2.3 solid solides TBepAbTe
6.2.4 simple simples IIpocTbIe
6.2.5 compound composes CJ-lOxHbIe
Chemical properties
6.3 caractbristiques chimiques XMMMYCCKllC CBOiiCTBa
6.3.1
Sediments content l) teneurs en Sediments (ou en matieres coAepXanne 0caAKa l)
inertes ou en charges) l)
6.3.2 ash content teneur en cendres
coAepXanne 30~x1
6.3.3 sulphur content
teneur en soufre coaepxaszle cepbr

6.3.4 hard bituminous content teneur en asphaltes durs COAep2(aHHe TBepAbIX 6HTYMHH03HbIX

BemeCTB

6.3.5 vegetable resin content teneur en resines vegetables COAep2KaHHe paCTHTeJIbHOa CMOJIbI

6.3.6 acidity indice d ’acidite KHCJIOTH0CT.b
1) indice d ’acidite totale 1) 06~a5IKHCJIOTHOCTb
total acidity
2) indice d ’acidite minerale 2) MMHepaJIbHatEKlWIOTHOCTb
mineral acidity
c0AepxaHHeBnan-i
6.3.7 water content teneur en eau
6.3.8 alkali content teneur en alcalis coAepxaHxfeLLl;enom

6.3.9 corrosiveness to topper or steel corrosion a Ia lame de cuivre ou d ’acier KOppO3HOHHa5I aKTHBHOCTbKCTaJIIIM

EUIHMeJJH
6.4 physical properties caractkristiques physiques @i3HYWKzle CBOfiCTBa
6.4.1 viscosity viscosite BII3KOCTb
Point de goutte ToYKa KannenaAeumr
6.4.2 drop Point
adhesivite aAre3HOHHbIe CBOiiCTBa
6.4.3 adhesion properties
temperature de fluage
6.4.4 flow temperature
Point de ramollissement TeMnepaTypa pa3M5uYenna
6.4.5 softening Point

6.4.6 behaviour at low temperature comportement au froid noseAeuae npn ~k13Koti TeMnepa-rype

6.4.7 flash Point Point d ’inflammation TefiInepaTypa BOCIIJIaMeHeHZUl
6.4.8 emulsifiability emulsionnabilite 3MyJlbTHpyeMOCTb
6.4.9 couleur IJBeT
colour
resistance au vieillissement CTOiiKOCTb K CTapeHHIO
6.4.10 ageing resis t ante
IIJIaCTHYHOCTb
...

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