Geographic information - Services (ISO 19119:2016)

This International Standard defines requirements for how platform neutral and platform specific
specification of services shall be created, in order to allow for one service to be specified independently
of one or more underlying distributed computing platforms.
This International Standard defines requirements for a further mapping from platform neutral to
platform specific service specifications, in order to enable conformant and interoperable service
implementations.
This International Standard addresses the Meta:Service foundation of the ISO geographic information
reference model described in ISO 19101-1:2014, Clause 6 and Clause 8, respectively.
This International Standard defines how geographic services shall be categorised according to a
service taxonomy based on architectural areas and allows also for services to be categorised according
to a usage life cycle perspective, as well as according to domain specific and user defined service
taxonomies, providing support for easier publication and discovery of services.

Geoinformation - Dienste (ISO 19119:2016)

Information géographique - Services (ISO 19119:2016)

ISO 19119:2016 définit des exigences sur la façon dont une spécification de services propre à une plate-forme et applicable à toutes les plates-formes doit être créée, de manière à ce qu'un service puisse être spécifié indépendamment d'une ou de plusieurs plates-formes informatiques distribuées sous-jacentes.
ISO 19119:2016 définit des exigences pour une mise en correspondance supplémentaire des spécifications de services applicables à toutes les plates-formes avec les spécifications de services propres à une plate-forme, de manière à assurer des implémentations de services conformes et interopérables.
ISO 19119:2016 traite du fondement Méta:Service du modèle de référence d'information géographique ISO décrit dans l'ISO 19101‑1:2014, Articles 6 et 8.
ISO 19119:2016 définit la façon dont des services géographiques doivent être classés selon une taxonomie de services basée sur des domaines architecturaux, et permet également de classer les services selon une perspective de cycle de vie à l'usage ainsi que selon des taxonomies de services propres à un domaine et définies par l'utilisateur, ce qui fournit un support facilitant la publication et la découverte de services.

Geografske informacije - Storitve (ISO 19119:2016)

Ta mednarodni standard določa zahteve za ustvarjanje platformsko nevtralnih in platformsko specifičnih specifikacij storitev, tako da je omogočena določitev posamezne storitve neodvisno
od ene ali več osnovnih razdeljenih računalniških platform.
Ta mednarodni standard določa zahteve za nadaljnje preslikave iz platformsko nevtralnih v platformsko specifične specifikacije storitev, tako da omogoča skladne in interoperabilne implementacije storitev.
Ta mednarodni standard obravnava osnovo Meta:Service referenčnega modela geografskih informacij ISO, opisanega v standardu ISO 19101-1:2014, točki 6 in 8.
Ta mednarodni standard določa, kako morajo biti kategorizirane geografske storitve glede na taksonomijo storitev na podlagi arhitekturnih področij, in omogoča, da so storitve kategorizirane glede na uporabo z vidika življenjskega cikla ter glede na domensko in uporabniško določene taksonomije storitev z zagotavljanjem podpore za lažje objavljanje in odkrivanje storitev.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-May-2015
Publication Date
08-Nov-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
03-Mar-2016
Due Date
08-May-2016
Completion Date
09-Nov-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
01-december-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 19119:2006
SIST EN ISO 19119:2006/A1:2011
Geografske informacije - Storitve (ISO 19119:2016)
Geographic information - Services (ISO 19119:2016)
Geoinformation - Dienste (ISO 19119:2016)
Information géographique - Services (ISO 19119:2016)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19119:2016
ICS:
03.080.01 Storitve na splošno Services in general
07.040 Astronomija. Geodezija. Astronomy. Geodesy.
Geografija Geography
35.240.70 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in science
znanosti
SIST EN ISO 19119:2016 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
EN ISO 19119
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
February 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 35.240.70 Supersedes EN ISO 19119:2006
English Version
Geographic information - Services (ISO 19119:2016)

Information géographique - Services (ISO 19119:2016) Geoinformation - Dienste (ISO 19119:2016)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 20 February 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19119:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
EN ISO 19119:2016 (E)
Contents

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
EN ISO 19119:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 19119:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211

“Geographic information/Geomatics” in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 287

“Geographic Information” the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2016, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by August 2016.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN ISO 19119:2006.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19119:2016 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19119:2016 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19119
Second edition
2016-01-15
Geographic information — Services
Information géographique — Services
Reference number
ISO 19119:2016(E)
ISO 2016
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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.1 Claiming conformance ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.2 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.3 Enterprise viewpoint ......................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.4 Computational viewpoint .............................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.5 Information viewpoint ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

2.6 Service taxonomies ............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

2.7 Engineering viewpoint ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

2.8 Technology viewpoint ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Terms and definitions and abbreviations .................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Notation ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Conformance class ............................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Requirements class ............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.4 Rules ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.5 Identifiers .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.6 Conceptual schemas ........................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.7 Descriptions of concepts ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.8 Architecture patterns ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6 Overview of geographic services architecture ...................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 Purpose and justification ............................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Relationship to ISO 19101-1 ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Interoperability reference model based on ISO RM-ODP ...............................................................................10

6.4 Service abstraction ...........................................................................................................................................................................11

6.5 Interoperability ...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6 Use of other geographic information standards in service specifications .......................................14

7 Enterprise viewpoint: A context for services .......................................................................................................................14

7.1 Enterprise viewpoint ......................................................................................................................................................................14

7.2 Enterprise viewpoint service specifications ..............................................................................................................15

7.3 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................16

7.4 Example and tools .............................................................................................................................................................................17

8 Computational viewpoint: A basis for service interfaces and chaining ...................................................17

8.1 Component and service interoperability and the computational viewpoint .................................17

8.2 Services, interfaces and operations ...................................................................................................................................18

8.3 Computational viewpoint service specifications ...................................................................................................19

8.3.1 Requirements class for computational viewpoint service specifications ...................19

8.3.2 Service interfaces with operations ................................................................................................................19

8.3.3 Service behaviour and constraints ................................................................................................................21

8.4 Service chaining ..................................................................................................................................................................................23

8.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................23

8.4.2 Anatomy of a service chain ..................................................................................................................................24

8.4.3 Service chain modelling ..........................................................................................................................................25

8.4.4 Services organizer folder .......................................................................................................................................27

8.4.5 Services to enable service chaining ..............................................................................................................27

8.4.6 Architecture patterns for service chaining.............................................................................................28

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)

8.4.7 Variations on chaining patterns .......................................................................................................................33

8.5 Service metadata ................................................................................................................................................................................34

8.6 Simple service architecture .......................................................................................................................................................34

8.7 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................35

8.8 Examples and tools: Service modelling with SoaML ...........................................................................................35

9 Information viewpoint: A basis for semantic interoperability .........................................................................35

9.1 Information model interoperability and the information viewpoint ...................................................35

9.2 Information viewpoint Service specifications ..........................................................................................................36

10 Service taxonomies .........................................................................................................................................................................................39

10.1 Need for multiple service taxonomies .............................................................................................................................39

10.2 Service taxonomies and requirements ............................................................................................................................40

10.3 Architectural reference model ................................................................................................................................................40

10.4 Definition of the Architectural reference model .....................................................................................................40

10.5 Uses of the Architectural reference model ...................................................................................................................40

10.6 Overview of the Architectural reference model ......................................................................................................41

10.6.1 Services and service interfaces ........................................................................................................................41

10.6.2 Identifying services and service interfaces for geographic information ......................42

10.7 Types of geographic information services ...................................................................................................................42

10.7.1 Requirement for service taxonomy ..............................................................................................................42

10.7.2 Types of information technology services relevant to geographic information ....42

10.7.3 Extension of service types for geographic information ..............................................................44

10.8 Geographic architecture services taxonomy ..............................................................................................................44

10.8.1 Geographic architecture services taxonomy requirements .....................................................44

10.8.2 Geographic boundary/human interaction services .......................................................................45

10.8.3 Geographic model/information management services ..............................................................46

10.8.4 Geographic workflow/task management services ..........................................................................47

10.8.5 Geographic processing services .......................................................................................................................47

10.8.6 Geographic communication services ..........................................................................................................50

10.8.7 Geographic system management and security services .............................................................50

10.9 ISO suite of International Standards in geographic architecture services taxonomy .............51

10.10 Geographic service chaining validity ................................................................................................................................51

10.11 User-perspective Lifecycle model for Services .........................................................................................................52

10.12 User-defined service taxonomies.........................................................................................................................................53

10.13 Services organizer folder (SOF) ............................................................................................................................................53

10.13.1 Grouping of services ..................................................................................................................................................53

10.13.2 Image exploitation SOF ...........................................................................................................................................53

10.13.3 Geographic data fusion SOF ................................................................................................................................54

10.14 Semantic information models .................................................................................................................................................55

10.15 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................56

10.16 Examples and tools ......... ..................................................................................................................................................................57

11 Engineering viewpoint: A basis for distribution and communication patterns ..............................57

11.1 Distribution transparencies and the engineering viewpoint .......................................................................57

11.2 Distributing components using a multi-tier architecture model..............................................................58

11.3 Distribution transparencies ......................................................................................................................................................61

11.4 Engineering viewpoint Service specifications ..........................................................................................................62

11.5 Multi-style SOA.....................................................................................................................................................................................63

11.6 Relevant architectural styles ....................................................................................................................................................63

11.6.1 Service-oriented architectures .........................................................................................................................63

11.6.2 Representational State Transfer (REST) ..................................................................................................64

11.6.3 Web 2.0 ..................................................................................................................................................................................65

12 Technology viewpoint: A basis for cross platform interoperability ............................................................66

12.1 Infrastructure interoperability and the technology viewpoint ..................................................................66

12.2 Need for multiple platform-specific specifications ..............................................................................................67

12.3 Conformance between platform-neutral and platform-specific service specifications ........67

12.4 From platform-neutral to platform-specific specifications ...........................................................................68

12.5 Technology objects ...........................................................................................................................................................................68

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ISO 19119:2016(E)

12.6 Technology viewpoint service specifications ............................................................................................................68

12.6.1 Requirements class for technology viewpoint ....................................................................................68

12.6.2 Technology mappings ...............................................................................................................................................69

12.7 Architectural classification according to cloud computing service categories ............................71

Annex A (normative) Conformance ....................................................................................................................................................................72

Annex B (informative) Example user scenarios .....................................................................................................................................78

Annex C (informative) Principles for mapping to distributed computing platforms .....................................81

Annex D (informative) Use case-based methodology ......................................................................................................................92

Annex E (informative) Example — Use case template .....................................................................................................................95

Annex F (informative) Service modelling – SoaML .............................................................................................................................98

Bibliography .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................101

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 211, Geographic information/Geomatics.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 19119:2005), which has been technically

revised. It also incorporates the Amendment ISO 19119:2005/Amd 1:2008.
vi © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Introduction

The widespread application of computers and use of geographic information systems (GIS) have led to

the increased analysis of geographic data within multiple disciplines. Based on advances in information

technology, society’s reliance on such data are growing. Geographic datasets are increasingly being

shared, exchanged, and used for purposes other than their producers’ intended ones. GIS, remote

sensing, automated mapping and facilities management (AM/FM), Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI),

traffic analysis, geopositioning systems, and other technologies for Geographic Information (GI) are

entering a period of radical integration.

This International Standard provides a framework for platform neutral and platform specific

specification of services that can enable users to access, process and manage geographic data from a

variety of sources, potentially for various distributed computing platforms (DCPs).

— “a framework for platform neutral and platform specific specification of services” means that this

International Standard provides requirements for how services shall be specified in such a way

that one service can be specified independently of one or more underlying distributed computing

platforms. The framework provides requirements for a further mapping to specific platforms in

order to enable conformant platform specific specifications to ensure conforming and interoperable

service implementations.

— “access, process and manage” means that geodata users can query remote databases and control

remote processing resources and also take advantage of ot
...

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