Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Examination and tests - Part 58: Landing doors fire resistance test

This draft European Standard specifies the method of test for determining the fire resistance of lift landing doors which may be exposed to a fire from the landing side. The procedure applies to all types of lift landing doors used as a means of access to lifts in buildings and which are intended to provide a fire barrier to the spread of fire via the lift well.
The procedure allows for the measurement of integrity and if required the measurement of radiation and thermal insulation.
No requirements other than the verification that the specimen is operational are included for mechanical conditioning before the test as these are included in the relevant product standard.

Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Überprüfung und Prüfverfahren - Teil 58: Prüfung der Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit von Fahrschachttüren

Dieser Entwurf einer Europäischen Norm legt ein Prüfverfahren für die Bestimmung der Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit von Fahrschachttüren fest, die einem Brand auf der Flurseite ausgesetzt sein können. Das Verfahren gilt für sämtliche Arten von Fahrschachttüren, die für den Zugang zu Aufzügen in Gebäuden eingesetzt werden und die Aufgabe haben, die Ausbreitung von Feuer über den Fahrschacht zu verhindern.
Das Prüfverfahren ermöglicht die Messung des Raumabschlusses und, falls erforderlich, die Messung von Strahlung und Wärmedämmung.
Mit Ausnahme der Überprüfung, dass der Probekörper funktionsfähig ist, sind Anforderungen hinsichtlich der mechanischen Vorbehandlung vor der Brandprüfung nicht Gegenstand dieser Norm, da diese in den entsprechenden Produktnormen enthalten sind.

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation des élévateurs - Examens et essais - Partie 58 : Essais de résistance au feu des portes palières

Le présent projet de Norme européenne spécifie la méthode d’essai pour déterminer la résistance au feu des portes palières d’ascenseur qui peuvent être exposées à un feu du côté palier. Le mode opératoire s’applique à tous les types de portes palières d’ascenseur utilisées comme moyen d’accès aux ascenseurs dans des bâtiments et destinées à constituer une barrière contre la propagation d’un feu via la gaine d’ascenseur.
Le mode opératoire permet de mesurer l’étanchéité et si nécessaire, le rayonnement et l’isolation thermique.
Aucune exigence, autre que la vérification du fonctionnement de l’échantillon, ne concerne le conditionnement mécanique, car ce domaine relève de la norme appropriée concernant le produit.

Varnostna pravila za konstruiranje in vgradnjo dvigal (liftov) - Pregled in preskusi - 58. del: Preskus odpornosti vrat proti požaru

Ta osnutek evropskega standarda določa preskusno metodo za ugotavljanje požarne odpornosti za etažna vrata, ki so lahko izpostavljena ognju s sestopne strani. Postopek se uporablja za vse vrste etažnih vrat, ki se uporabljajo za vstop v dvigala v stavbah in so predvidena kot požarna pregrada, ki preprečuje širjenje požara skozi jašek dvigala.
Postopek omogoča merjenje celovitosti ter po potrebi merjenje sevanja in toplotne izolativnosti.
Vključene niso nobene druge zahteve glede mehanskega stanja pred testiranjem razen preverjanja, ali primerek deluje, saj so te zahteve vključene v ustreznem standardu za izdelek.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
04-Jun-2016
Publication Date
27-May-2018
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
22-Mar-2018
Due Date
27-May-2018
Completion Date
28-May-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 81-58:2018
01-julij-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 81-58:2004

Varnostna pravila za konstruiranje in vgradnjo dvigal (liftov) - Pregled in preskusi -

58. del: Preskus odpornosti vrat proti požaru

Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Examination and tests - Part 58:

Landing doors fire resistance test

Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Überprüfung und

Prüfverfahren - Teil 58: Prüfung der Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit von Fahrschachttüren

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation des élévateurs - Examens et

essais - Partie 58 : Essais de résistance au feu des portes palières
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 81-58:2018
ICS:
13.220.50 Požarna odpornost Fire-resistance of building
gradbenih materialov in materials and elements
elementov
91.140.90 'YLJDOD7HNRþHVWRSQLFH Lifts. Escalators
SIST EN 81-58:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.220.20; 91.140.90 Supersedes EN 81-58:2003
English Version
Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts -
Examination and tests - Part 58: Landing doors fire
resistance test

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau

des élévateurs - Examens et essais - Partie 58 : Essais von Aufzügen - Überprüfung und Prüfverfahren - Teil

de résistance au feu des portes palières 58: Prüfung der Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit von

Fahrschachttüren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 July 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 81-58:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ................................................................................................................................................................ 4

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................................. 6

3 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................................................................ 6

4 Test principle ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

5 Test equipment ......................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Test conditions .......................................................................................................................................................... 8

7 Test specimen ............................................................................................................................................................ 8

7.1 Construction ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.2 Number of specimens ............................................................................................................................................. 8

7.3 Size of specimen ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

7.4 Installation of specimen ........................................................................................................................................ 8

8 Supporting construction ........................................................................................................................................ 9

9 Conditioning ............................................................................................................................................................... 9

10 Pre-test examination .............................................................................................................................................. 9

10.1 General ......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

10.2 Constructional details ............................................................................................................................................ 9

10.3 Clearance gap measurements and depth of penetration ........................................................................... 9

10.4 Functionality test .................................................................................................................................................. 14

11 Test instrumentation ........................................................................................................................................... 14

11.1 Furnace thermocouples ...................................................................................................................................... 14

11.2 Furnace CO concentration ................................................................................................................................ 14

11.3 Gas flow measuring system instrumentation ............................................................................................. 14

11.4 Furnace pressure .................................................................................................................................................. 14

11.5 Unexposed face temperature ............................................................................................................................ 14

11.5.1 General ...................................................................................................................................................................... 14

11.5.2 Position of the thermocouples to determine the average temperature ........................................... 15

11.5.3 Position of the thermocouples to determine the maximum temperature ....................................... 15

11.6 Radiation measurement ..................................................................................................................................... 15

11.7 Deformation measurement ............................................................................................................................... 16

11.8 Flow measurement verification ....................................................................................................................... 16

12 Test procedure ....................................................................................................................................................... 16

13 Test termination .................................................................................................................................................... 17

14 Assessment of performance .............................................................................................................................. 17

15 Criteria of performance ...................................................................................................................................... 17

15.1 Integrity (E) ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

15.2 Thermal insulation (I) ......................................................................................................................................... 18

15.3 Radiation (W) ......................................................................................................................................................... 18

16 Direct field of application ................................................................................................................................... 18

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)

17 Fire classification procedure and declaration of performance ............................................................ 18

17.1 Performance criteria ............................................................................................................................................ 18

17.2 Fire classification periods .................................................................................................................................. 19

17.3 Designatory letters................................................................................................................................................ 19

17.4 Declaration of performance ............................................................................................................................... 19

17.5 Classes ........................................................................................................................................................................ 19

18 Test report ............................................................................................................................................................... 19

Annex A (normative) Description of the canopy and measuring system ....................................................... 20

Annex B (normative) Standard supporting construction .................................................................................... 23

Annex C (normative) Verification procedure for leakage rate measurement .............................................. 24

Annex D (normative) Calculation of leakage rate ................................................................................................... 25

D.1 Calculation of leakage rate when measuring according to EN ISO 5167-1 with an orifice

plate ............................................................................................................................................................................ 25

D.2 Pressure correction .............................................................................................................................................. 26

D.3 Interpreting the leakage rate curve ................................................................................................................ 27

Annex E (informative) Extrapolation rule for the leakage rate for higher doors ...................................... 28

Annex F (informative) Product fire performance report (assessment) ......................................................... 29

F.1 General ...................................................................................................................................................................... 29

F.2 Content and format of fire classification report ......................................................................................... 29

F.3 Criteria of performance ....................................................................................................................................... 29

F.4 Application of the test results to product variants .................................................................................... 29

Annex G (normative) Marking ........................................................................................................................................ 31

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/33/EU aimed to be covered .............................................................. 32

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................................................................... 33

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 81-58:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 10 “Lifts, escalators

and moving walks”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by October 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 81-58:2003.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

This standard is applicable only for new products.
Annexes A to D and G are normative.

The technical content of the test method is not changed. Main changes to previous edition incorporates:

— the list of referenced standards is updated;
— CO –measurement accuracy changed in 11.2;
— a new note added to 11.3;
— Clause 13 (changed criteria for test termination);
— value E20 added to Table 1;
— the leakage rate accuracy changed in 15.1;
— Annex D formulas corrected;
— new informative Annexes E and F added;
— new normative Annex G for marking added;
— previous interpretations have been implemented.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards,

the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards for lift

landing doors that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.

EN 81-20 has identified the need for lift doors to act as fire barriers against the transfer of a fire via the lift

well. This European Standard specifies a procedure for this purpose. It follows the general principle of

EN 1363-1 and where appropriate the procedure of EN 1634-1. Additionally a tracer gas technique for

establishing the integrity of a lift landing door is used.
Lift landing doors are not included in the scope of EN 1634-1.
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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the method of test for determining the fire resistance of lift landing doors

which may be exposed to a fire from the landing side. The procedure applies to all types of lift landing doors

used as a means of access to lifts in buildings and which are intended to provide a fire barrier to the spread

of fire via the lift well.

The procedure allows for the measurement of integrity and if required the measurement of radiation and

thermal insulation.

No requirements other than the verification that the specimen is operational are included for mechanical

conditioning before the test as these are included in the relevant product standard.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 81-20:2014, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Lifts for the transport of persons and

goods - Part 20: Passenger and goods passenger lifts
EN 1363-1:2012, Fire resistance tests - Part 1: General Requirements

EN 1363-2:1999, Fire resistance tests - Part 2: Alternative and additional procedures

EN 1634-1:2014, Fire resistance and smoke control tests for door and shutter assemblies, openable windows

and elements of building hardware - Part 1: Fire resistance test for door and shutter assemblies and openable

windows

EN ISO 5167-1:2003, Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular

cross-section conduits running full - Part 1: General principles and requirements (ISO 5167-1:2003)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction

(ISO 12100:2010)

ISO 9705-1:2016, Reaction to fire tests -- Room corner test for wall and ceiling lining products -- Part 1: Test

method for a small room configuration
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and EN 1363-1

and the following apply.

NOTE Additional definitions specifically needed for this document are added below.

3.1
lift landing door

door designed to be installed in the lift well opening on a landing to provide access to the lift

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
3.2
thermally uninsulated lift landing door

lift landing door which is not intended to satisfy the insulation criteria of EN 1363-1 and 15.2 of this

standard
3.3
thermally insulated lift landing door

lift landing door which is intended to satisfy the insulation criteria of EN 1363-1 and 15.2 of this standard

3.4
door opening

width of the clear opening allowing free passage through the open lift landing door

3.5
door assembly

complete assembly, including any frame or guide, door leaf or leaves, which is provided for access to and

from the lift and the landing

Note 1 to entry: It includes all panels, hardware, sealing materials and any operating components.

3.6
supporting construction

construction provided in the opening of the test frame or the furnace front in order to accommodate the test

specimen
3.7
leakage rate

total flow rate of hot gases passing through openings and gaps of the door assembly, due to overpressure on

the landing side
4 Test principle

4.1 EN 1634-1 contains a procedure for the determination of fire resistance of doors which may be

exposed to a fire in a building from either side and are required to prevent the transfer of fire from one side

to the other. Lift landing doors represent a special use of doors where the fire exposure is expected to be

from a specified direction, i.e. the landing side, and where the hazard exists only subsequent to the entry of a

fire into the lift well. Such a door is generally not designed to possess the same resistance to the passage of

hot gases as a door separating adjacent spaces on the same floor.

4.2 The test consists in exposing the landing side of a lift landing door to the heating conditions specified

in EN 1363-1 for the period for which the door shall be assessed for its fire resistance. During the test,

positive pressure exists over the whole height of the door on the exposed side, inducing the leakage of

furnace gases to the unheated side. A canopy is provided on the unexposed side which collects the leaked

gases and a suction fan draws these through a duct provided with a system for measuring the volume flow

(see Annex A). The concentration of CO , used as a tracer gas, is measured in the furnace and at the airflow

measuring point, and by monitoring the gas flow rate and its temperature it is possible to calculate the

leakage rate of hot gases through the test door. The method gives a record of the hot gas leakage as a

function of time which is corrected for normal conditions. This provides a basis for assessing the ability of

the door to act as an effective fire barrier.
NOTE ISO 3008-2 has the same test principle as EN 81-58 based on CO measurement.
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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
5 Test equipment
5.1 The test furnace shall be as described in EN 1363-1.
5.2 The canopy shall be as specified in Annex A.
5.3 The measuring system for leakage rate shall be as specified in Annex A.
6 Test conditions

6.1 The furnace shall be controlled to follow the temperature/time curve as specified in EN 1363-1.

6.2 The furnace shall maintain positive pressure on the exposed side over the whole height of the

specimen such that the pressure at the sill level is in the range of (2 + 8,5 * H ) ± 2 Pa where H is the

sill sill

vertical distance (in meters) between the sill level and the intended floor level.

NOTE In some applications such as service lifts or dumbwaiters, the sill level may be different than the intended

floor level.
7 Test specimen
7.1 Construction

The test specimen shall be fully representative of the door assembly on which information is required.

7.2 Number of specimens

As information is required when the door is exposed to heating from the landing side only, one specimen is

tested. A second specimen may be required according to 10.2 to verify the door construction.

7.3 Size of specimen

The specimen shall be full size or the maximum size that can be accommodated in the furnace. The typical

size of the front opening of the furnace is 3 m × 3 m. In order to expose a required minimum width of

200 mm of supporting construction for a typical 3 m × 3 m furnace, the opening in the supporting

construction is restricted to 2,6 m × 2,8 m (width x height).
7.4 Installation of specimen

The specimen shall be mounted in a supporting construction having adequate fire resistance. The supporting

construction shall be built first within the test frame leaving an aperture of the specified size. The width of

the supporting construction on the two vertical sides and the top shall be not less than 200 mm.

The design of the connection between the door and the supporting construction, including any materials

used to make the junction, shall be as used in practice with the type of the supporting construction. The

position of the door assembly in relation to the supporting construction shall be as in practice.

The clearances at the beginning of test shall correspond to the maximum that is permissible by EN 81-20

when the lift landing doors are put into service, unless designed for another maximum gap size, which shall

then apply.
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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
8 Supporting construction

In view of the field of direct application of test results, the lift landing doors shall be erected in the standard

supporting construction as described in Annex B.

NOTE In special cases the supporting construction may be of a type with which the door is intended to be used in

practice. In such cases the field of application of the test results is restricted to that construction.

9 Conditioning

9.1 The test specimen, as well as the supporting construction and any sealing materials used, shall be

conditioned in accordance with the requirements of EN 1363-1 and EN 1634-1. No special conditioning

procedures are required where the specimen is constructed primarily from non-hygroscopic materials. Full

conditioning of the supporting construction may not be required if it is known that there will be no effect on

the behaviour of the specimen or the fixing system.

9.2 Samples of materials used in the test door shall be supplied to determine moisture content when

necessary.
10 Pre-test examination
10.1 General

Before the test, it shall be verified that the constructional details and clearance gap measurements and depth

of penetration conform to the production and assembly drawings for the door system. It shall also be

verified that the test specimen is operational.
10.2 Constructional details

A full detailed specification of the test specimen shall be provided by the test sponsor prior to its installation

at the laboratory. This specification shall be to a level of detail sufficient to allow the laboratory to conduct a

detailed examination of the specimen before the test and to agree the accuracy of the information supplied.

The verification of the test specimen shall be carried out in accordance with the guidance given in

EN 1363-1.

When the method of construction precludes a detailed survey of the specimen, without having to

permanently damage it or if it is considered that it will subsequently be impossible to evaluate construction

details from post-test examination, then one of two options shall be exercised by the laboratory, either:

a) the laboratory shall request to oversee the manufacturing of the door or shutter assembly(ies) which is

to be the subject of the test; or

b) the sponsor shall be requested to supply an additional assembly or part of the assembly (e.g. a door leaf)

to the number required for test. The laboratory shall then choose freely which of these shall be

submitted to the test and which shall be used to verify the construction.
10.3 Clearance gap measurements and depth of penetration

The clearances between the moving components and the fixed parts of the door assembly shall be measured

prior to the test. Sufficient measurements shall be made to adequately describe the nature of the gaps and

there shall be a minimum of three measurements along each side or edge. The gap sizes shall be described to

an accuracy of ± 0,5 mm. Figure 1 to Figure 4 show different types of lift landing doors and indicate the gaps

(g) which need to be recorded. The depth of penetration and safety guides (if any) shall be measured and

recorded.
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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
Key
g gap measurement location H clear height
d deformation measurement location W clear width

Figure 1 — Clearance gaps (g) and deformation measurements (d) – Single panel swing door

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
Key
g gap measurement location H clear height
d deformation measurement location W clear width

Figure 2 — Clearance gaps (g) and deformation measurements (d) – Double leaf telescopic door

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
Key
g gap measurement location H clear height
d deformation measurement location W clear width

Figure 3 — Clearance gaps (g) and deformation measurements (d) – Central opening door

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
Key
g gap measurement location H clear height
d deformation measurement location W clear width

Figure 4 — Clearance gaps (g) and deformation measurements (d) – Multi-panel sliding door

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SIST EN 81-58:2018
EN 81-58:2018 (E)
10.4 Functionality test

Prior to the test, the door shall be checked for functionality by opening and closing to the maximum possible,

with a minimum opening of width 150 mm.
11 Test instrumentation
11.1 Furnace thermocouples

The nature, number and the location of furnace thermocouples shall be in agreement with the specification

given in EN 1634-1 for tests on doors.
11.2 Furnace CO2 concentration
There shall be provision for continuous monitoring of
...

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