Aerospace series - Qualification and approval of personnel for non-destructive testing

1.1   Purpose
This document establishes the minimum requirements for the qualification and certification of personnel performing nondestructive testing (NDT), nondestructive inspection (NDI), or nondestructive evaluation (NDE) in the aerospace manufacturing, service, maintenance and overhaul industries. For the purposes of this document, the term NDT will be used and will be considered equivalent to NDI and NDE.
In Europe, the term "approval" is used to denote a written statement by an employer that an individual has met specific requirements and has operating approval. The term "certification" as defined in 3.2 is used throughout this document as a substitute for the term "approval". Except when otherwise specified in the written practice, certification in accordance with this document includes operating approval.
1.2   Applicability
This document applies to personnel using NDT methods to test and/or accept materials, products, components, assemblies or sub-assemblies. This document also applies to personnel: directly responsible for the technical adequacy of the NDT methods used, who approve NDT procedures and/or work instructions, who audit NDT facilities, or who provide technical NDT support or training.
This document does not apply to individuals who only have administrative or supervisory authority over NDT personnel or to research personnel developing NDT technology for subsequent implementation and approval by a certified Level 3. Personnel performing specialized inspections using certain direct readout instruments as determined by a Level 3 certified in the method, do not require qualification or certification to this document.
1.2.1   Implementation
This document addresses the use of a National Aerospace NDT Board (NANDTB). NANDTBs are only used as specified per Annex C and it is not mandatory to have such a board for compliance with this document. Personnel certified to previous revisions of NAS 410 or EN 4179 need not recertify to the requirements of this document until their current certification expires.
1.3   Methods
1.3.1   Common methods
This document contains detailed requirements for the following common NDT methods:
Eddy Current Testing   (ET)
Liquid Penetrant Testing   (PT)
Magnetic Particle Testing   (MT)
Radiographic Testing   (RT)
Thermographic Testing   (IRT)
Ultrasonic Testing   (UT)
1.3.2   Other methods
When invoked by engineering, quality, cognizant engineering organization or prime contractor requirements, this document applies to other current and emerging NDT methods used to determine the acceptability or suitability for intended service of a material, part, component, sub-assembly or assembly. Such methods can include, but are not limited to, acoustic emission, neutron radiography, leak testing, holography, and shearography. The requirements for personnel training, experience, and examination for these other methods are established in accordance with 6.4 and are documented by the employer.

Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualifizierung und Zulassung des Personals für zerstörungsfreie Prüfungen

1.1   Zweck
Dieses Dokument legt die Mindestanforderungen an die Qualifikation und Zertifizierung von Personal fest, das in der Luft- und Raumfahrtindustrie in den Bereichen Herstellung, Dienstleistung, Instandhaltung und Überholung zerstörungsfreie Prüfungen (ZfP), zerstörungsfreie Überwachungen (ZfÜ) oder zerstörungsfreie Beurteilungen (ZfB) durchführt. Für die Anwendung dieses Dokuments wird der Begriff ZfP verwendet und gilt als gleichbedeutend mit ZfÜ und ZfB.
In Europa wird der Begriff „Zulassung“ verwendet, um eine schriftliche Bestätigung eines Arbeitgebers zu bezeichnen, dass eine Person besondere Anforderungen erfüllt und eine Handlungsbevollmächtigung hat. Der Begriff „Zertifizierung“, wie in 3.2 festgelegt, wird in diesem Dokument durchgängig anstelle des Begriffs „Zulassung“ verwendet. Wenn nicht anders in der Zulassungsvorschrift festgelegt, schließt Zertifizierung nach diesem Dokument eine Handlungsbevollmächtigung ein.
1.2   Geltungsbereich
1.2.1   Allgemeines
Dieses Dokument gilt für Personal, das ZfP-Verfahren für die Prüfung und/oder Annahme von Werkstoffen, Produkten, Bauteilen, Baugruppen oder Bauteil-Untergruppen anwendet. Dieses Dokument gilt auch für Personal, das direkt für die technische Eignung der angewendeten ZfP-Verfahren verantwortlich ist, das ZfP-Verfahrens- und/oder -Prüfanweisungen genehmigt, das ZfP-Einrichtungen auditiert oder das für die technische ZfP-Unterstützung oder -Ausbildung zuständig ist.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Personen, die lediglich administrative oder überwachende Befugnisse über ZfP-Personal ausüben oder für Forschungspersonal, das ZfP-Technologien für die anschließende Umsetzung und Zulassung durch ZfP-Personal der Stufe 3 entwickelt.
Für Personal, das spezialisierte Überwachungen unter Verwendung bestimmter direkt anzeigender Messgeräte vornimmt, wie sie durch Personal der Stufe 3 festgelegt sind, das in diesem Verfahren zertifiziert ist, ist keine Qualifikation oder Zertifizierung nach diesem Dokument erforderlich.
1.2.2   Umsetzung
Dieses Dokument erwähnt den Einsatz eines nationalen ZfP-Komitees für Luft-und-Raumfahrt (NANDTB). NANDTB werden nur wie im Anhang C festgelegt verwendet; für die Übereinstimmung mit den Anforderungen dieses Dokuments ist ein solches Komitee jedoch nicht zwingend erforderlich. Personal, das nach früheren Überarbeitungen von NAS 410 oder EN 4179 zertifiziert ist, braucht sich nicht erneut nach den Anforderungen dieses Dokuments zertifizieren zu lassen, bis seine gegenwärtig gültige Zertifizierung erlischt.
1.3   Prüfverfahren
1.3.1   Übliche Prüfverfahren
[...]
1.3.2   Andere Prüfverfahren
[...]

Série aérospatiale - Qualification et agrément du personnel pour les essais non destructifs

1.1   Objet
Le présent document établit les exigences minimales pour la qualification et la certification de personnel réalisant des essais non destructif (END), des contrôles non destructifs (CND) ou des évaluations non destructives (ÉND) dans la fabrication, les services, la maintenance et la réparation de l’industrie aérospatiale. Pour les besoins du présent document, le terme END sera utilisé et il sera considéré comme l’équivalent de CND et ÉND.
En Europe, le terme « agrément » est utilisé pour désigner une attestation écrite par un employeur déclarant qu’une personne a satisfait à des exigences spécifiques et qu’elle est titulaire de l’agrément d’exploitation. Le terme « certification » tel que défini en 3.2 est utilisé tout au long du présent document en remplacement du terme « agrément ». Sauf spécification contraire dans la procédure écrite, la certification conformément au présent document inclut l’agrément d’exploitation.
1.2   Applicabilité
Le présent document s'applique au personnel utilisateur de méthodes END pour les essais et/ou la réception de matériaux, produits, composants, ensembles ou sous-ensembles. Il s'applique également au personnel directement responsable de l'adéquation technique des méthodes END utilisées, de l'approbation des procédures et/ou des instructions de travail END, des audits d'installations END, ou de la fourniture d'assistance/formation aux techniques END.
Ce document ne s'applique ni aux personnes qui n’ont qu’une autorité administrative ou de surveillance du personnel END, ni au personnel de recherche chargé de développer une technologie END pour mise en œuvre et approbation ultérieure par un responsable de niveau 3 certifié. La qualification ou certification selon le présent document n'est pas obligatoire pour le personnel réalisant des contrôles spécialisés à l’aide d’instruments de mesure à lecture directe comme défini par un responsable de niveau 3 certifié dans la méthode.
1.2.1   Mise en œuvre
Le présent document traite de l'usage d'un comité national aérospatial END (NANDTB, National Aerospace NDT Board). Les comités NANDTB ne sont utilisés que comme spécifié à l’Annexe C ; ils ne sont pas obligatoires pour que la conformité au présent document soit respectée. Une nouvelle certification aux exigences du présent document n'est pas nécessaire pour le personnel certifié selon les révisions antérieures des normes NAS 410 ou EN 4179, sauf à expiration de leur certification en cours.
1.3   Méthodes
1.3.1   Méthodes usuelles
Le présent document contient des exigences détaillées pour les méthodes END usuelles suivantes :
Contrôle par courants de Foucault   (CF)
Examen par ressuage   (ER)
Contrôle par magnétoscopie   (CM)
Contrôle radiographique   (CR)
Contrôle thermographique   (TIR)
Contrôle par ultrasons   (CU)
1.3.2   Autres méthodes
Lorsque les exigences d'ingénierie, de qualité, d'un organisme d'ingénierie compétent ou d'un donneur d’ordre l'invoquent, le présent document s'applique à d'autres méthodes END actuelles ou émergentes utilisées dans le but de déterminer l'acceptabilité ou l'adéquation au service prévu d'un matériau, d'une pièce, d'un composant, sous-ensemble ou ensemble. Ces méthodes peuvent inclure, sans toutefois y être limitées, l'émission acoustique, la radiographie neutronique, les essais d'étanchéité, l'holographie et la cisaillographie. Les exigences en matière de formation, d'expérience et d’examen du personnel pour ces autres méthodes sont établies conformément à 6.4 et sont documentées par l'employeur.

Aeronavtika - Kvalificiranje in odobritev osebja za neporušitvene preiskave

Ta dokument določa minimalne zahteve za usposobljenost in certificiranje osebja, ki izvaja neporušitveno preskušanje (NDT), neporušitveno pregledovanje (NDI) ali neporušitveno vrednotenje (NDE) na področju proizvodnje, servisa, vzdrževanja in obnove v aeronavtiki. V tem dokumentu je izraz neporušitveno preskušanje uporabljen in obravnavan kot enakovreden neporušitvenemu pregledovanju in neporušitvenemu vrednotenju.
V Evropi se izraz »odobritev« uporablja za pisno izjavo delodajalca, da posameznik izpolnjuje posebne zahteve in ima odobritev za opravljanje dela. Izraz »certifikat«, kot je opredeljen v točki 3.2, je v tem dokumentu uporabljen kot nadomestek za izraz »odobritev«. Razen če ni v pisnih postopkih določeno drugače, certifikat v skladu s tem dokumentom vključuje tudi operativno pooblastilo.
1.2   Uporaba
Ta dokument se uporablja za osebje, ki z metodami neporušitvenih preiskav preskuša in/ali odobrava materiale, izdelke, komponente, sklope in podsklope. Ta dokument se uporablja tudi za osebje, ki je neposredno odgovorno za tehnično primernost uporabljenih metod neporušitvenih preiskav, ki odobri postopke neporušitvene preiskave in/ali navodila za delo, ki izvaja revizijo prostorov za neporušitvene preiskave ali ki zagotavlja tehnično podporo oziroma usposabljanje za neporušitvene preiskave.
Ta dokument se ne uporablja za posameznike, ki imajo samo administrativno ali nadzorno pristojnost nad osebjem, ki izvaja neporušitvene preiskave, ali za raziskovalno osebje, ki razvija tehnologijo za neporušitvene preiskave za nadaljnjo uvedbo in za odobritev pri certificiranju na 3. stopnji. Osebje, ki izvaja specializirane preglede z določenimi instrumenti za neposredne odčitke, kot jih je določila oseba z opravljeno 3. stopnjo, certificirana za metodo, ne potrebuje kvalifikacij ali certificiranja na podlagi tega dokumenta.
1.2.1   Izvajanje
Ta dokument naslavlja uporabo nacionalnega aeronavtičnega odbora za neporušitvene preiskave (NANDTB). Nacionalni aeronavtični odbori za neporušitvene preiskave se uporabljajo samo, kot je določeno v dodatku C, za skladnost s tem dokumentom pa tak odbor ni obvezen. Osebju, ki je certificirano v skladu s prejšnjimi revizijami standarda NAS 410 ali EN 4179, se ni treba ponovno certificirati v skladu z zahtevami tega dokumenta, dokler njihov trenutni certifikat ne poteče.
1.3   Metode
1.3.1   Splošne metode
Ta dokument vsebuje podrobne zahteve za naslednje splošne metode neporušitvenega preskušanja:
preskušanje z vrtinčnimi tokovi (ET);
preskušanje s tekočimi penetranti (PT);
preskušanje z magnetnimi delci (MT);
radiografsko preskušanje (RT);
termografsko preskušanje (IRT);
ultrazvočno preskušanje   (UT).
1.3.2   Druge metode
Kadar ga uporablja organizacija za inženiring ali kakovost ali pristojna inženirska organizacija oziroma se uporablja za zahteve glavnega pogodbenika, se ta dokument uporablja za druge trenutne in nove metode neporušitvenega preskušanja, ki se uporabljajo za določanje sprejemljivosti ali primernosti materiala, dela, komponente, podsklopa ali sklopa za predvideno uporabo. Take metode lahko vključujejo preskušanje akustične emisije, nevtronsko radiografijo, preskušanje tesnjenja, holografijo in merjenje z uporovnim merilnim lističem, vendar niso omejene na našteto. Zahteve glede usposabljanja, izkušenj in izpitov osebja za te druge metode je treba določiti v skladu s točko 6.4 in jih mora delodajalec dokumentirati.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-May-2021
Publication Date
11-Jan-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6100 - Translation of adopted SIST standards (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Jan-2022
Due Date
10-Jan-2023
Completion Date
08-Jun-2022

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 4179:2022
01-februar-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 4179:2017
Aeronavtika - Kvalificiranje in odobritev osebja za neporušitvene preiskave

Aerospace series - Qualification and approval of personnel for non-destructive testing

Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualifizierung und Zulassung des Personals für zerstörungsfreie

Prüfungen
Série aérospatiale - Qualification et agrément du personnel pour les essais non
destructifs
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 4179:2021
ICS:
03.100.30 Vodenje ljudi Management of human
resources
19.100 Neporušitveno preskušanje Non-destructive testing
49.020 Letala in vesoljska vozila na Aircraft and space vehicles in
splošno general
SIST EN 4179:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 4179:2022
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 03.100.30; 19.100; 49.020 Supersedes EN 4179:2017
English Version
Aerospace series - Qualification and approval of personnel
for non-destructive testing

Série aérospatiale - Qualification et agrément du Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualifizierung und Zulassung

personnel pour les essais non destructifs des Personals für zerstörungsfreie Prüfungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 July 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 4179:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Annex A (normative) Credit system for recertification of Level 3 NDT personnel ............................ 28

A.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................. 28

A.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 28

A.3 Definitions ....................................................................................................................................................... 29

Annex B (normative) Qualification and certification of Level 1-Limited............................................... 31

B.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................. 31

B.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 31

Annex C (normative) National aerospace non-destructive testing boards (NANDTB) ..................... 34

C.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................. 34

C.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 34

C.3 Examinations .................................................................................................................................................. 36

C.4 Record retention ........................................................................................................................................... 36

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 37

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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 4179:2021) has been prepared by the Aerospace and Defence Industries

Association of Europe — Standardization (ASD-STAN).

After enquiries and votes carried out in accordance with the rules of this Association, this document has

received the approval of the National Associations and the Official Services of the member countries of

ASD-STAN, prior to its presentation to CEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN 4179:2017.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
Introduction

In the event of a conflict between the text of this document and the references cited herein, the

requirements of this document take precedence. Nothing in this document supersedes applicable laws

and regulations unless a specific exemption has been obtained.
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
1 Scope
1.1 Purpose

This document establishes the minimum requirements for the qualification and certification of

personnel performing non-destructive testing (NDT), non-destructive inspection (NDI), or non-

destructive evaluation (NDE) in the aerospace manufacturing, service, maintenance and overhaul

industries. For the purposes of this document, the term NDT will be used and will be considered

equivalent to NDI and NDE.

In Europe, the term “approval” is used to denote a written statement by an employer that an individual

meets specific requirements and has operating approval. The term “certification” as defined in 3.2 is

used throughout this document as a substitute for the term “approval”. Except when otherwise

specified in the written practice, certification in accordance with this document includes operating

approval.
1.2 Applicability
1.2.1 General

This document applies to personnel using NDT methods to test and/or accept materials, products,

components, assemblies or sub-assemblies. This document also applies to personnel: directly

responsible for the technical adequacy of the NDT methods used, who approve NDT procedures and/or

work instructions, who audit NDT facilities, or who provide technical NDT support or training.

This document does not apply to individuals who only have administrative or supervisory authority

over NDT personnel or to research personnel developing NDT technology for subsequent

implementation and approval by a certified Level 3.

Personnel performing specialized inspections using certain direct readout instruments as determined

by a Level 3 person certified in the test method, do not require qualification or certification to this

document.
1.2.2 Implementation

This document addresses the use of a National Aerospace NDT Board (NANDTB). NANDTBs are only

used as specified according to Annex C and it is not mandatory to have such a board for compliance with

this document. Personnel certified to previous revisions of NAS 410 or EN 4179 need not recertify to

the requirements of this document until their current certification expires.
1.3 Test Methods
1.3.1 Common test methods

This document contains detailed requirements for the following common NDT methods:

Eddy Current Testing (ET)
Magnetic Particle Testing (MT)
Penetrant Testing (PT)
Radiographic Testing (RT)
Thermographic Testing (TT)
Ultrasonic Testing (UT)
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
1.3.2 Other test methods

When invoked by engineering, quality, cognizant engineering organization or prime contractor

requirements, this document applies to other current and emerging NDT methods used to determine

the acceptability or suitability for intended service of a material, part, component, assembly or sub-

assembly. Such test methods can include, but are not limited to, acoustic emission testing (AT), neutron

radiography, leak testing, holography, and shearography. The requirements for personnel training,

experience, and examination for these other test methods are established in accordance with 6.4 and

are documented by the employer.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 18490, Non-destructive testing — Evaluation of vision acuity of NDT personnel

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
• IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
basic examination

examination utilized to verify a Level 3 candidate’s knowledge of NDT methods used by the employer at

a Level 2 proficiency
3.2
certification

written statement by an employer that an individual has met the applicable requirements of this

document
3.3
closed book examination
examination administered without access to any reference materials
3.4
cognizant engineering organization

engineering or NDT organization of the prime contractor, OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer), or

end user authorized to make NDT-related decisions and give NDT-related approvals
3.5
committee meetings
panel meetings

meetings, conferences, symposia, seminars, trade association meetings, panels, organized or sponsored

by a regional, national or international NDT organization or technical society

Published by: ISO International Organization for Standardization http://www.iso.ch/.

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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)

Note 1 to entry: Foreign or international meetings qualify if the sponsor(s) are national or international.

3.6
committee projects

specific identifiable official activities of regional or national technical societies, committees or work

groups

EXAMPLE round robins or individual studies, preparation of guidelines, appendices, specifications,

recommended practices, procedures, codes or standards.

Note 1 to entry: Documentation may include memos or reports, drafts of committee output documents, or official

written comments submitted by the candidate on such documents.
3.7
direct observation

observer's viewing of the NDT process in a manner that permits uninterrupted, visual and verbal two-

way contact with the trainee
3.8
direct-readout instrument

instruments that physically display measurements in dimensional or electrical units (e.g. inches,

millimetres or % IACS) either as digital readout or an analog display, such as a scale/pointer

configuration, and do not require special skills or knowledge to set up the instrument and do not

involve adjusting signal displays such as gates, delays, gain, or phase to obtain measurements

EXAMPLE Common direct readout instruments include basic ultrasonic thickness gauges without an

oscilloscope display, and eddy current coating thickness gauges.
3.9
documented
condition of being recorded in written or electronic form
3.10
employer

organization employing or contracting the services of one or more individuals who perform NDT

Note 1 to entry: Self-employed individuals are included in this definition.
3.11
evaluation

review following interpretation of the indications noted during an NDT inspection to determine

whether the indications meet specified acceptance criteria or to determine the significance of the

indication
3.12
examination

formal, controlled, documented testing conducted in accordance with a documented written practice to

verify a candidate’s visual capability, skill or knowledge of an NDT method
3.13
examiner

Level 3 person certified to this document and designated by the Responsible Level 3 person to

administer all or part of the qualification process in the NDT method(s) in which the Examiner is

certified
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
3.14
experience

actual performance of an NDT method conducted in the work environment resulting in the acquisition

of knowledge and skill

Note 1 to entry: This does not include formal classroom training but may include laboratory and on-the-job

training as defined by the employer’s written practice.
3.15
formal education
engineering or science studies at a technical school, college, or university
3.16
formal training

organized and documented program of learning activities designed to impart the knowledge and skills

necessary to be qualified to this document

Note 1 to entry: Formal training may be a mix of classroom, practical and programmed self-instruction as

approved by the Responsible Level 3 Person or Examiner.
3.17
general examination
written examination addressing the basic principles and theory of an NDT method
3.18
indication

response or evidence of a condition resulting from an NDT inspection that requires interpretation

3.19
instructor

individual designated or approved by the Responsible Level 3 person or Examiner to provide training

for NDT personnel
3.20
interpretation
determination of whether indications are relevant or non-relevant
3.21
test method

1 (one) of the disciplines of non-destructive testing (e.g. ultrasonic testing, radiographic testing) within

which different test techniques may exist
3.22
National Aerospace NDT Board
NANDTB

independent aerospace organization representing a nation's aerospace industry that is chartered by the

participating prime contractors and recognized by the nation’s regulatory agencies to provide or

support NDT qualification and/or examination services in accordance with Annex C of this document

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EN 4179:2021 (E)
3.23
non-film radiography
radiographic imaging that does not use a film-based recording medium

Note 1 to entry: Non-Film radiography includes, but may not be limited to, Computed Radiography, Digital

Radiography, Radioscopy, and Computed Tomography.
3.24
on-the-job training

training in the work environment to gain experience in learning instrument set-up, equipment

operation, applying the process, and recognition, interpretation and evaluation of indications under

appropriate technical guidance
3.25
open book examination

examination administered with access to specific reference material that is provided with or referenced

in the examination
3.26
operating approval

written statement issued by the employer, based upon the scope of certification, authorizing the

individual to carry out defined tasks

Note 1 to entry: Such authorization can be dependent on the employer having provided job or task-specific

training.
3.27
outside agency

independent company or organization outside the employer who provides NDT services to implement

the requirements of this document, such as training and examination of NDT personnel

Note 1 to entry: Consultants and self-employed individuals are included in this definition.

3.28
practical examination

examination to demonstrate an individual's ability to conduct an NDT method as used by the employer

Note 1 to entry: Questions and answers need not be written, but a checklist shall be used, and observations and

results shall be documented.
3.29
prime contractor

organization having overall responsibility for design, control and delivery of a system, component or

product
3.30
procedure
written general “how to” instruction for conducting a given process

Note 1 to entry: Procedures are then used to develop work instructions, as defined in 3.38.

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EN 4179:2021 (E)
3.31
qualification

skills, training, knowledge, examinations, experience and visual capability required for personnel to

properly perform to a particular level
3.32
responsible Level 3 person

Level 3 person designated by the employer with the responsibility and authority to ensure that the

requirements of this document are met and to act on behalf of the employer
3.33
specific examination

written examination to determine an individual's understanding of operating procedures, codes,

standards, product knowledge, test techniques, equipment and specifications for an NDT method as

used by the employer
3.34
sub-contractor

organization responsible to the prime contractor for the manufacture or maintenance of aerospace

products

Note 1 to entry: For the purposes of this document, this includes suppliers and processors.

3.35
task

activity for which Level 3 certification is required, e.g. approval of an NDT Technique Instruction or

NDT procedure
3.36
test technique
category within a test method as defined in the written practice by the employer
3.37
test sample

part or image containing one or more known and documented natural or artificial discontinuities, flaws

or conditions used in the practical examination to demonstrate the candidate's proficiency in an NDT

method.

Note 1 to entry: Test samples can refer to actual hardware, fabricated test parts, or, when applicable, images of

actual hardware such as radiographs.
3.38
work instruction

document detailing the NDT technique and testing parameters to be used for the inspection of a specific

component, group of parts (e.g. “aluminium extrusions” or “steel brackets”), or assembly

Note 1 to entry: These are sometimes referred to in the industry as “test technique sheets” or “data cards”. Such

work instructions are based on procedures defined in 3.30.
3.39
written
retrievable electronic or hard copy
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
3.40
written practice

document that describes an employer’s requirements and methodology for controlling and

administering the NDT personnel qualification and certification process
4 General requirements
4.1 Written practice
4.1.1 Qualification and certification

The employer shall develop and maintain a written practice for the qualification and certification of

NDT personnel that meets the requirements of this document. The written practice shall address the

procedural details necessary for the employer to implement an NDT qualification and certification

program and shall include the details of the NDT qualification and certification process, including:

a) The levels of qualification and certification used by the employer;
b) Personnel duties and responsibilities;
c) Training and experience requirements;
d) Certification and recertification requirements;
e) Records and record keeping requirements;

f) Requirements for expiration, suspension, revocation and reinstatement of certifications;

g) Process for annual proficiency review.

The written practice shall be approved by the Responsible Level 3 person. The written practice shall be

available for review by the employer’s customer(s) and regulatory agencies.
4.1.2 Additional requirements

The written practice shall include any additional requirements levied by the employer or cognizant

engineering organization, such as additional certification levels or increased experience requirements.

4.1.3 NDT techniques

The written practice shall include the specific test technique(s) within each test method and the actions

to be taken concerning additional training and experience, as well as the written and practical testing,

when additional test techniques are introduced for a currently certified individual.

4.1.4 Training outlines

The written practice shall reference or include the NDT training outlines used by the employer. If an

outside agency is used to provide training, the Responsible Level 3 person shall verify that the training

meets the employer's requirements.
4.1.5 Examination practices

The written practice shall include the designation of the individual(s) or organization(s) responsible for

administering examinations, the number of examination questions to be administered, and the specific

visual acuity examination method to be used. If required, the use of a general examination for

recertification shall be documented in the written practice.
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EN 4179:2021 (E)
4.1.6 Administration

The written practice shall include the identification of the individual(s) or organization(s) responsible

for administering and maintaining all or part of the employer's certification program.

4.1.7 Records

The written practice shall include the designation of the individual(s) or organization(s) responsible for

maintaining the qualification and certification records and where such records shall be kept.

4.2 Test Methods

For the common test methods listed in 1.3.1, the minimum requirements for training, experience and

examination are detailed in Clause 6 and Clause 7. These requirements shall serve as a guideline for

other current or emerging test methods as defined in 1.3.2.
4.3 Responsibility
4.3.1 General

a) The employer is responsible for the implementation of, and compliance with, this document and for

certifying qualified personnel.

b) In addition, the prime contractor shall be responsible for compliance to this document by their sub-

contractors.

c) Employers using outside agencies shall be responsible for assuring that the appropriate

requirements of this document are met.

d) The employer is solely responsible for the certification of its employees and cannot certify for

another employer.
e) Individuals cannot qualify themselves.

f) Self-employed individuals may certify themselves provided they have a written practice and have

been qualified to the requirements of this document by another individual certified to Level 3 in

accordance with this document.
4.3.2 Responsible Level 3 person

a) The employer shall identify in writing a “Responsible Level 3 person” to act on its behalf in matters

regarding the NDT qualification and certification process.

b) The Responsible Level 3 person shall be certified in accordance with this document as a Level 3

person in one or more NDT methods and shall have a thorough knowledge of the written

instructions, codes, specifications and standards used by the employer.

c) The Responsible Level 3 person shall also have a thorough knowledge of the materials,

components, product technologies, NDT methods and NDT techniques used by the employer.

d) Additional Examiners as defined in this document may be identified and delegated in writing as

necessary to provide coverage for all test methods used by the employer.

e) The Responsible Level 3 person may be an outside agency but in this case he/she can only qualify

personnel, as only the employer can certify personnel.
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EN 4179:2021 (E)

f) The Responsible Level 3 person shall be responsible for implementation of this document and the

overall administration of the qualification and certification program.
4.3.3 Outside agency

a) An employer may use a Level 3 person certified in accordance with this document from an outside

agency to develop a certification program, act as the Responsible Level 3 person, examine NDT

personnel or perform any other qualification or Level 3 function.
b) An outside agency may qualify, but not certify personnel.

c) The employer shall document the suitability of any outside agency selected to perform any function

in meeting the requirements of this document. This documentation shall be of sufficient detail to

justify the outside agency’s ability to perform the required Level 3 function(s).

5 Qualification and certification levels
5.1 Levels of qualification and certification
5.1.1 General
a) The 4 (four) basic levels of certification are
• Level 1-Limited,
• Level 1,
• Level 2 and
• Level 3.

b) The employer may subdivide, add or limit levels as appropriate, but cannot eliminate or reduce the

minimum requirements for each level.

c) If the employer does not wish to use all of the levels, those levels to be used shall be documented in

the employer’s written practice.

d) Where other variations or subdivisions are implemented, the requirements and responsibilities

shall also be detailed in the employer’s written practice.

e) NDT personnel shall not independently perform the functions listed in 5.1.3, 5.1.4, 5.1.5 and 5.1.6 if

not certified to the appropriate level in the applicable test technique/test method.

5.1.2 Trainee

An individual who is documented as participating in a training program for an NDT method and is in the

process of becoming qualified for certification to Level 1, Level 1-Limited or directly to Level 2 shall be

considered a trainee. In the test technique/test method in which they are preparing for certification,

trainees shall:

a) be documented as a trainee and be actively participating in a training program for a stated NDT

method for a limited and specified period of time;
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EN 4179:2021 (E)

b) obtain experience under the direct observation of a Level 2 or Level 3 person in the same test

method;

c) obtain experience under the direct observation of a Level 1 person or instructor only when

approved by the responsible Level 3 person;
d) not make accept or reject decisions;
e) not independently conduct tests;
f) not independently perform any other NDT function.
5.1.3 Level 1-Limited
Annex B defines the requirements for Level 1-Limited.
5.1.4 Level 1
In the test method in which certified, Level 1 persons shall:
a) be able to follow work instructions;

b) have the skills and knowledge to process parts, document results and perform equipment

standardization in accordance with approved work instructions;

c) have the skills and knowledge to carry out any necessary preparation of parts before or after

testing in accordance with approved work instructions;

d) have the skills and knowledge to conduct system performance checks in accordance with the

applicable process standard;

e) receive guidance or supervision from a certified Level 2 or Level 3 person in that test method when

necessary;

f) when specified in the written practice and approved by the Responsible Level 3 person, Level 1

persons may perform interpretations and evaluations of specific product(s) or product form(s) for

acceptance or rejection in accordance with approved work instructions.
5.1.5 Level 2
In the test method in which certified, Level 2 persons shall:

a) have the skills and knowledge to set up and standardize equipment, process parts, interpret and

evaluate for acceptance or rejection, and document results;

b) be thoroughly familiar with the scope and limitations of the test technique/test method;

c) have the skills and knowledge to conduct system performance checks in accordance with the

applicable process standard;

d) be capable of providing the necessary guidance and/or supervision to trainees a

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 4179:2022
01-februar-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 4179:2017
Aeronavtika - Usposobljenost in odobritev osebja za neporušitveno preskušanje

Aerospace series - Qualification and approval of personnel for non-destructive testing

Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualifizierung und Zulassung des Personals für zerstörungsfreie

Prüfungen
Série aérospatiale - Qualification et agrément du personnel pour les essais non
destructifs
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 4179:2021
ICS:
03.100.30 Vodenje ljudi Management of human
resources
19.100 Neporušitveno preskušanje Non-destructive testing
49.020 Letala in vesoljska vozila na Aircraft and space vehicles in
splošno general
SIST EN 4179:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 4179:2022
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 03.100.30; 19.100; 49.020 Supersedes EN 4179:2017
English Version
Aerospace series - Qualification and approval of personnel
for non-destructive testing

Série aérospatiale - Qualification et agrément du Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualifizierung und Zulassung

personnel pour les essais non destructifs des Personals für zerstörungsfreie Prüfungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 July 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 4179:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Annex A (normative) Credit system for recertification of Level 3 NDT personnel ............................ 28

A.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................. 28

A.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 28

A.3 Definitions ....................................................................................................................................................... 29

Annex B (normative) Qualification and certification of Level 1-Limited............................................... 31

B.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................. 31

B.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 31

Annex C (normative) National aerospace non-destructive testing boards (NANDTB) ..................... 34

C.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................. 34

C.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 34

C.3 Examinations .................................................................................................................................................. 36

C.4 Record retention ........................................................................................................................................... 36

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 37

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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 4179:2021) has been prepared by the Aerospace and Defence Industries

Association of Europe — Standardization (ASD-STAN).

After enquiries and votes carried out in accordance with the rules of this Association, this document has

received the approval of the National Associations and the Official Services of the member countries of

ASD-STAN, prior to its presentation to CEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN 4179:2017.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.
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EN 4179:2021 (E)
Introduction

In the event of a conflict between the text of this document and the references cited herein, the

requirements of this document take precedence. Nothing in this document supersedes applicable laws

and regulations unless a specific exemption has been obtained.
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EN 4179:2021 (E)
1 Scope
1.1 Purpose

This document establishes the minimum requirements for the qualification and certification of

personnel performing non-destructive testing (NDT), non-destructive inspection (NDI), or non-

destructive evaluation (NDE) in the aerospace manufacturing, service, maintenance and overhaul

industries. For the purposes of this document, the term NDT will be used and will be considered

equivalent to NDI and NDE.

In Europe, the term “approval” is used to denote a written statement by an employer that an individual

meets specific requirements and has operating approval. The term “certification” as defined in 3.2 is

used throughout this document as a substitute for the term “approval”. Except when otherwise

specified in the written practice, certification in accordance with this document includes operating

approval.
1.2 Applicability
1.2.1 General

This document applies to personnel using NDT methods to test and/or accept materials, products,

components, assemblies or sub-assemblies. This document also applies to personnel: directly

responsible for the technical adequacy of the NDT methods used, who approve NDT procedures and/or

work instructions, who audit NDT facilities, or who provide technical NDT support or training.

This document does not apply to individuals who only have administrative or supervisory authority

over NDT personnel or to research personnel developing NDT technology for subsequent

implementation and approval by a certified Level 3.

Personnel performing specialized inspections using certain direct readout instruments as determined

by a Level 3 person certified in the test method, do not require qualification or certification to this

document.
1.2.2 Implementation

This document addresses the use of a National Aerospace NDT Board (NANDTB). NANDTBs are only

used as specified according to Annex C and it is not mandatory to have such a board for compliance with

this document. Personnel certified to previous revisions of NAS 410 or EN 4179 need not recertify to

the requirements of this document until their current certification expires.
1.3 Test Methods
1.3.1 Common test methods

This document contains detailed requirements for the following common NDT methods:

Eddy Current Testing (ET)
Magnetic Particle Testing (MT)
Penetrant Testing (PT)
Radiographic Testing (RT)
Thermographic Testing (TT)
Ultrasonic Testing (UT)
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EN 4179:2021 (E)
1.3.2 Other test methods

When invoked by engineering, quality, cognizant engineering organization or prime contractor

requirements, this document applies to other current and emerging NDT methods used to determine

the acceptability or suitability for intended service of a material, part, component, assembly or sub-

assembly. Such test methods can include, but are not limited to, acoustic emission testing (AT), neutron

radiography, leak testing, holography, and shearography. The requirements for personnel training,

experience, and examination for these other test methods are established in accordance with 6.4 and

are documented by the employer.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 18490, Non-destructive testing — Evaluation of vision acuity of NDT personnel

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
• IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
basic examination

examination utilized to verify a Level 3 candidate’s knowledge of NDT methods used by the employer at

a Level 2 proficiency
3.2
certification

written statement by an employer that an individual has met the applicable requirements of this

document
3.3
closed book examination
examination administered without access to any reference materials
3.4
cognizant engineering organization

engineering or NDT organization of the prime contractor, OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer), or

end user authorized to make NDT-related decisions and give NDT-related approvals
3.5
committee meetings
panel meetings

meetings, conferences, symposia, seminars, trade association meetings, panels, organized or sponsored

by a regional, national or international NDT organization or technical society

Published by: ISO International Organization for Standardization http://www.iso.ch/.

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EN 4179:2021 (E)

Note 1 to entry: Foreign or international meetings qualify if the sponsor(s) are national or international.

3.6
committee projects

specific identifiable official activities of regional or national technical societies, committees or work

groups

EXAMPLE round robins or individual studies, preparation of guidelines, appendices, specifications,

recommended practices, procedures, codes or standards.

Note 1 to entry: Documentation may include memos or reports, drafts of committee output documents, or official

written comments submitted by the candidate on such documents.
3.7
direct observation

observer's viewing of the NDT process in a manner that permits uninterrupted, visual and verbal two-

way contact with the trainee
3.8
direct-readout instrument

instruments that physically display measurements in dimensional or electrical units (e.g. inches,

millimetres or % IACS) either as digital readout or an analog display, such as a scale/pointer

configuration, and do not require special skills or knowledge to set up the instrument and do not

involve adjusting signal displays such as gates, delays, gain, or phase to obtain measurements

EXAMPLE Common direct readout instruments include basic ultrasonic thickness gauges without an

oscilloscope display, and eddy current coating thickness gauges.
3.9
documented
condition of being recorded in written or electronic form
3.10
employer

organization employing or contracting the services of one or more individuals who perform NDT

Note 1 to entry: Self-employed individuals are included in this definition.
3.11
evaluation

review following interpretation of the indications noted during an NDT inspection to determine

whether the indications meet specified acceptance criteria or to determine the significance of the

indication
3.12
examination

formal, controlled, documented testing conducted in accordance with a documented written practice to

verify a candidate’s visual capability, skill or knowledge of an NDT method
3.13
examiner

Level 3 person certified to this document and designated by the Responsible Level 3 person to

administer all or part of the qualification process in the NDT method(s) in which the Examiner is

certified
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EN 4179:2021 (E)
3.14
experience

actual performance of an NDT method conducted in the work environment resulting in the acquisition

of knowledge and skill

Note 1 to entry: This does not include formal classroom training but may include laboratory and on-the-job

training as defined by the employer’s written practice.
3.15
formal education
engineering or science studies at a technical school, college, or university
3.16
formal training

organized and documented program of learning activities designed to impart the knowledge and skills

necessary to be qualified to this document

Note 1 to entry: Formal training may be a mix of classroom, practical and programmed self-instruction as

approved by the Responsible Level 3 Person or Examiner.
3.17
general examination
written examination addressing the basic principles and theory of an NDT method
3.18
indication

response or evidence of a condition resulting from an NDT inspection that requires interpretation

3.19
instructor

individual designated or approved by the Responsible Level 3 person or Examiner to provide training

for NDT personnel
3.20
interpretation
determination of whether indications are relevant or non-relevant
3.21
test method

1 (one) of the disciplines of non-destructive testing (e.g. ultrasonic testing, radiographic testing) within

which different test techniques may exist
3.22
National Aerospace NDT Board
NANDTB

independent aerospace organization representing a nation's aerospace industry that is chartered by the

participating prime contractors and recognized by the nation’s regulatory agencies to provide or

support NDT qualification and/or examination services in accordance with Annex C of this document

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EN 4179:2021 (E)
3.23
non-film radiography
radiographic imaging that does not use a film-based recording medium

Note 1 to entry: Non-Film radiography includes, but may not be limited to, Computed Radiography, Digital

Radiography, Radioscopy, and Computed Tomography.
3.24
on-the-job training

training in the work environment to gain experience in learning instrument set-up, equipment

operation, applying the process, and recognition, interpretation and evaluation of indications under

appropriate technical guidance
3.25
open book examination

examination administered with access to specific reference material that is provided with or referenced

in the examination
3.26
operating approval

written statement issued by the employer, based upon the scope of certification, authorizing the

individual to carry out defined tasks

Note 1 to entry: Such authorization can be dependent on the employer having provided job or task-specific

training.
3.27
outside agency

independent company or organization outside the employer who provides NDT services to implement

the requirements of this document, such as training and examination of NDT personnel

Note 1 to entry: Consultants and self-employed individuals are included in this definition.

3.28
practical examination

examination to demonstrate an individual's ability to conduct an NDT method as used by the employer

Note 1 to entry: Questions and answers need not be written, but a checklist shall be used, and observations and

results shall be documented.
3.29
prime contractor

organization having overall responsibility for design, control and delivery of a system, component or

product
3.30
procedure
written general “how to” instruction for conducting a given process

Note 1 to entry: Procedures are then used to develop work instructions, as defined in 3.38.

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EN 4179:2021 (E)
3.31
qualification

skills, training, knowledge, examinations, experience and visual capability required for personnel to

properly perform to a particular level
3.32
responsible Level 3 person

Level 3 person designated by the employer with the responsibility and authority to ensure that the

requirements of this document are met and to act on behalf of the employer
3.33
specific examination

written examination to determine an individual's understanding of operating procedures, codes,

standards, product knowledge, test techniques, equipment and specifications for an NDT method as

used by the employer
3.34
sub-contractor

organization responsible to the prime contractor for the manufacture or maintenance of aerospace

products

Note 1 to entry: For the purposes of this document, this includes suppliers and processors.

3.35
task

activity for which Level 3 certification is required, e.g. approval of an NDT Technique Instruction or

NDT procedure
3.36
test technique
category within a test method as defined in the written practice by the employer
3.37
test sample

part or image containing one or more known and documented natural or artificial discontinuities, flaws

or conditions used in the practical examination to demonstrate the candidate's proficiency in an NDT

method.

Note 1 to entry: Test samples can refer to actual hardware, fabricated test parts, or, when applicable, images of

actual hardware such as radiographs.
3.38
work instruction

document detailing the NDT technique and testing parameters to be used for the inspection of a specific

component, group of parts (e.g. “aluminium extrusions” or “steel brackets”), or assembly

Note 1 to entry: These are sometimes referred to in the industry as “test technique sheets” or “data cards”. Such

work instructions are based on procedures defined in 3.30.
3.39
written
retrievable electronic or hard copy
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EN 4179:2021 (E)
3.40
written practice

document that describes an employer’s requirements and methodology for controlling and

administering the NDT personnel qualification and certification process
4 General requirements
4.1 Written practice
4.1.1 Qualification and certification

The employer shall develop and maintain a written practice for the qualification and certification of

NDT personnel that meets the requirements of this document. The written practice shall address the

procedural details necessary for the employer to implement an NDT qualification and certification

program and shall include the details of the NDT qualification and certification process, including:

a) The levels of qualification and certification used by the employer;
b) Personnel duties and responsibilities;
c) Training and experience requirements;
d) Certification and recertification requirements;
e) Records and record keeping requirements;

f) Requirements for expiration, suspension, revocation and reinstatement of certifications;

g) Process for annual proficiency review.

The written practice shall be approved by the Responsible Level 3 person. The written practice shall be

available for review by the employer’s customer(s) and regulatory agencies.
4.1.2 Additional requirements

The written practice shall include any additional requirements levied by the employer or cognizant

engineering organization, such as additional certification levels or increased experience requirements.

4.1.3 NDT techniques

The written practice shall include the specific test technique(s) within each test method and the actions

to be taken concerning additional training and experience, as well as the written and practical testing,

when additional test techniques are introduced for a currently certified individual.

4.1.4 Training outlines

The written practice shall reference or include the NDT training outlines used by the employer. If an

outside agency is used to provide training, the Responsible Level 3 person shall verify that the training

meets the employer's requirements.
4.1.5 Examination practices

The written practice shall include the designation of the individual(s) or organization(s) responsible for

administering examinations, the number of examination questions to be administered, and the specific

visual acuity examination method to be used. If required, the use of a general examination for

recertification shall be documented in the written practice.
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)
4.1.6 Administration

The written practice shall include the identification of the individual(s) or organization(s) responsible

for administering and maintaining all or part of the employer's certification program.

4.1.7 Records

The written practice shall include the designation of the individual(s) or organization(s) responsible for

maintaining the qualification and certification records and where such records shall be kept.

4.2 Test Methods

For the common test methods listed in 1.3.1, the minimum requirements for training, experience and

examination are detailed in Clause 6 and Clause 7. These requirements shall serve as a guideline for

other current or emerging test methods as defined in 1.3.2.
4.3 Responsibility
4.3.1 General

a) The employer is responsible for the implementation of, and compliance with, this document and for

certifying qualified personnel.

b) In addition, the prime contractor shall be responsible for compliance to this document by their sub-

contractors.

c) Employers using outside agencies shall be responsible for assuring that the appropriate

requirements of this document are met.

d) The employer is solely responsible for the certification of its employees and cannot certify for

another employer.
e) Individuals cannot qualify themselves.

f) Self-employed individuals may certify themselves provided they have a written practice and have

been qualified to the requirements of this document by another individual certified to Level 3 in

accordance with this document.
4.3.2 Responsible Level 3 person

a) The employer shall identify in writing a “Responsible Level 3 person” to act on its behalf in matters

regarding the NDT qualification and certification process.

b) The Responsible Level 3 person shall be certified in accordance with this document as a Level 3

person in one or more NDT methods and shall have a thorough knowledge of the written

instructions, codes, specifications and standards used by the employer.

c) The Responsible Level 3 person shall also have a thorough knowledge of the materials,

components, product technologies, NDT methods and NDT techniques used by the employer.

d) Additional Examiners as defined in this document may be identified and delegated in writing as

necessary to provide coverage for all test methods used by the employer.

e) The Responsible Level 3 person may be an outside agency but in this case he/she can only qualify

personnel, as only the employer can certify personnel.
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)

f) The Responsible Level 3 person shall be responsible for implementation of this document and the

overall administration of the qualification and certification program.
4.3.3 Outside agency

a) An employer may use a Level 3 person certified in accordance with this document from an outside

agency to develop a certification program, act as the Responsible Level 3 person, examine NDT

personnel or perform any other qualification or Level 3 function.
b) An outside agency may qualify, but not certify personnel.

c) The employer shall document the suitability of any outside agency selected to perform any function

in meeting the requirements of this document. This documentation shall be of sufficient detail to

justify the outside agency’s ability to perform the required Level 3 function(s).

5 Qualification and certification levels
5.1 Levels of qualification and certification
5.1.1 General
a) The 4 (four) basic levels of certification are
• Level 1-Limited,
• Level 1,
• Level 2 and
• Level 3.

b) The employer may subdivide, add or limit levels as appropriate, but cannot eliminate or reduce the

minimum requirements for each level.

c) If the employer does not wish to use all of the levels, those levels to be used shall be documented in

the employer’s written practice.

d) Where other variations or subdivisions are implemented, the requirements and responsibilities

shall also be detailed in the employer’s written practice.

e) NDT personnel shall not independently perform the functions listed in 5.1.3, 5.1.4, 5.1.5 and 5.1.6 if

not certified to the appropriate level in the applicable test technique/test method.

5.1.2 Trainee

An individual who is documented as participating in a training program for an NDT method and is in the

process of becoming qualified for certification to Level 1, Level 1-Limited or directly to Level 2 shall be

considered a trainee. In the test technique/test method in which they are preparing for certification,

trainees shall:

a) be documented as a trainee and be actively participating in a training program for a stated NDT

method for a limited and specified period of time;
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SIST EN 4179:2022
EN 4179:2021 (E)

b) obtain experience under the direct observation of a Level 2 or Level 3 person in the same test

method;

c) obtain experience under the direct observation of a Level 1 person or instructor only when

approved by the responsible Level 3 person;
d) not make accept or reject decisions;
e) not independently conduct tests;
f) not independently perform any other NDT function.
5.1.3 Level 1-Limited
Annex B defines the requirements for Level 1-Limited.
5.1.4 Level 1
In the test method in which certified, Level 1 persons shall:
a) be able to follow work instructions;

b) have the skills and knowledge to process parts, document results and perform equipment

standardization in accordance with approved work instructions;

c) have the skills and knowledge to carry out any necessary preparation of parts before or after

testing in accordance with approved work instructions;

d) have the skills and knowledge to conduct system performance checks in accordance with the

applicable process standard;

e) receive guidance or supervision from a certified Level 2 or Level 3 person in that test method when

necessary;

f) when specified in the written practice and approved by the Responsible Level 3 person, Level 1

persons may perform interpretations and evaluations of specific product(s) or product form(s) for

acceptance or rejection in accordance with approved work instructions.
5.1.5 Level 2
In the test method in which certified, Level 2 persons shall:

a) have the skills and knowledge to set up and standardize equipment, process parts, interpret and

evaluate for acceptance or rejection, and document results;

b) be thoroughly familiar with the scope and limitations of the test technique/test method;

c) have the skills and knowledge to conduct system performance checks in accordance with the

applicable process standard;
d) be capable of providing the necessary guidance and/or supervision to trainees
...

S L O V E N S K I SIST EN 4179
S T A N D A R D februar 2022
Aeronavtika – Kvalificiranje in odobritev osebja za neporušitvene preiskave
Aerospace series – Qualification and approval of personnel for non-destructive
testing
Série aérospatiale – Qualification et agrément du personnel pour les essais non
destructifs
Luft- und Raumfahrt – Qualifizierung und Zulassung des Personals für
zerstörungsfreie Prüfungen
Referenčna oznaka
ICS 03.100.30; 19.100; 49.020 SIST EN 4179:2022 (sl)
Nadaljevanje na straneh II in od 1 do 38

2022-07. Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje ali kopiranje celote ali delov tega dokumenta ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 4179 : 2022
NACIONALNI UVOD

Standard SIST EN 4179 (sl), Aeronavtika – Kvalificiranje in odobritev osebja za neporušitvene

preiskave, 2022, ima status slovenskega standarda in je enakovreden evropskemu standardu EN 4179

(en), Aerospace series – Qualification and approval of personnel for non-destructive testing, 2021.

Ta standard nadomešča SIST EN 4179:2017.
NACIONALNI PREDGOVOR

Evropski standard EN 4179:2021 je pripravilo tehnično delovno telo ASD-STAN – Aerospace.

Slovenski standard SIST EN 4179:2022 je prevod evropskega standarda EN 4179:2021. V primeru

spora glede besedila slovenskega prevoda v tem standardu je odločilen izvirni evropski standard v

angleškem jeziku. Slovensko izdajo standarda je potrdil Strokovni svet SIST za splošno področje.

Odločitev za izdajo tega standarda je 7. januarja 2022 sprejel Strokovni svet SIST za splošno področje.

ZVEZA S STANDARDI

S privzemom tega evropskega standarda veljajo za omejeni namen referenčnih standardov vsi

standardi, navedeni v izvirniku, razen standarda, ki je že sprejet v nacionalno standardizacijo:

SIST EN ISO 18490 (en) Neporušitvene preiskave – Vrednotenje ostrine vida za osebje, ki izvaja

neporušitvene preskave (NDT) (ISO 18490)
OSNOVA ZA IZDAJO STANDARDA
– privzem standarda EN 4179:2021
PREDHODNA IZDAJA

– SIST EN 4179:2017, Aeronavtika – Kvalificiranje in odobritev osebja za neporušitvene preiskave

OPOMBE

– Povsod, kjer se v besedilu standarda uporablja izraz "evropski standard", v SIST EN 4179:2022 to

pomeni "slovenski standard".
– Nacionalni uvod in nacionalni predgovor nista sestavni del standarda.
– Ta nacionalni dokument je istoveten EN 4179:2021 in je objavljen z dovoljenjem
CEN-CENELEC
Upravni center
Rue de la Science 23
B-1040 Bruselj

This national document is identical with EN 4179:2021 and is published with the permission of

CEN-CENELEC
Management Centre
Rue de la Science 23
B-1040 Brussels
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
EVROPSKI STANDARD EN 4179
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
december 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 03.100.30; 19.100; 49.020
Slovenska izdaja
Aeronavtika – Kvalificiranje in odobritev osebja za neporušitvene
preiskave
Aerospace series – Qualification Série aérospatiale – Luft- und Raumfahrt –

and approval of personnel for Qualification et agrément du Qualifizierung und Zulassung

non-destructive testing personnel pour les essais non des Personals für
destructifs zerstörungsfreie Prüfungen
Ta evropski standard je CEN sprejel 11. julija 2021.

Člani CEN morajo izpolnjevati notranje predpise CEN/CENELEC, ki določajo pogoje, pod katerimi dobi

ta evropski standard status nacionalnega standarda brez kakršnihkoli sprememb. Sezname najnovejših

izdaj teh nacionalnih standardov in njihove bibliografske podatke je mogoče na zahtevo dobiti pri

Upravnem centru CEN-CENELEC ali pri članih CEN.

Ta evropski standard obstaja v treh uradnih izdajah (angleški, francoski in nemški). Izdaje v drugih

jezikih, ki jih člani CEN na lastno odgovornost prevedejo in izdajo ter priglasijo pri Upravnem centru

CEN-CENELEC, veljajo kot uradne izdaje.

Člani CEN so nacionalni organi za standarde Avstrije, Belgije, Bolgarije, Cipra, Češke republike,

Danske, Estonije, Finske, Francije, Grčije, Hrvaške, Irske, Islandije, Italije, Latvije, Litve, Luksemburga,

Madžarske, Malte, Nemčije, Nizozemske, Norveške, Poljske, Portugalske, Republike Severna

Makedonija, Romunije, Slovaške, Slovenije, Srbije, Španije, Švedske, Švice, Turčije in Združenega

kraljestva.
CEN
Evropski komite za standardizacijo
European committee for standardization
Comité européen de normalisation
Europäisches komitee für normung
Upravni center CEN-CENELEC: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Bruselj

© 2021 CEN Lastnice avtorskih pravic so vse države članice CEN. Ref. oznaka EN 4179:2021 E

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 4179 : 2022
VSEBINA Stran

Evropski predgovor .................................................................................................................................. 5

Uvod ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

1 Področje uporabe ................................................................................................................................ 7

1.1 Namen .............................................................................................................................................. 7

1.2 Uporaba ............................................................................................................................................ 7

1.2.1 Splošno .......................................................................................................................................... 7

1.2.2 Izvajanje .......................................................................................................................................... 7

1.3 Preskusne metode ............................................................................................................................ 7

1.3.1 Splošne preskusne metode ........................................................................................................... 7

1.3.2 Druge preskusne metode ............................................................................................................... 8

2 Zveze s standardi ................................................................................................................................. 8

3 Izrazi in definicije ................................................................................................................................. 8

4 Splošne zahteve ................................................................................................................................12

4.1 Pisni postopek ................................................................................................................................12

4.1.1 Kvalifikacija in certificiranje ..........................................................................................................12

4.1.2 Dodatne zahteve ..........................................................................................................................13

4.1.3 Tehnike neporušitvene preiskave ................................................................................................13

4.1.4 Načrti usposabljanja ....................................................................................................................13

4.1.5 Izpitni postopki .............................................................................................................................13

4.1.6 Izvajanje ......................................................................................................................................13

4.1.7 Zapisi ...........................................................................................................................................13

4.2 Preskusne metode ..........................................................................................................................13

4.3 Odgovornost .....................................................................................................................................13

4.3.1 Splošno .........................................................................................................................................13

4.3.2 Odgovorna oseba z opravljeno 3. stopnjo ...................................................................................14

4.3.3 Zunanja agencija ...........................................................................................................................14

5 Stopnje kvalifikacije in certificiranja ...................................................................................................14

5.1 Kvalifikacije in certificiranja – stopnje ..............................................................................................14

5.1.1 Splošno .........................................................................................................................................14

5.1.2 Pripravnik ......................................................................................................................................15

5.1.3 1. stopnja – omejena ...................................................................................................................15

5.1.4 1. stopnja .....................................................................................................................................15

5.1.5 2. stopnja ......................................................................................................................................15

5.1.6 3. stopnja ......................................................................................................................................16

5.1.7 Presojevalec ................................................................................................................................16

6 Usposabljanje in izkušnje ..................................................................................................................17

6.1 Usposabljanje .................................................................................................................................17

6.1.1 Splošno .........................................................................................................................................17

6.1.2 Načrti usposabljanja .....................................................................................................................18

6.1.3 Predhodno usposabljanje ............................................................................................................18

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SIST EN 4179 : 2022

6.1.4 Enakovredno usposabljanje ........................................................................................................18

6.1.5 Usposabljanje o zdravju in varnosti .............................................................................................18

6.2 Osebje za usposabljanje in izvajanje izpitov ..................................................................................19

6.2.1 Odgovorna oseba z opravljeno 3. stopnjo ....................................................................................19

6.2.2 Ocenjevalci ...................................................................................................................................19

6.2.3 Inštruktorji ....................................................................................................................................19

6.2.4 Zunanje agencije .........................................................................................................................19

6.3 Izkušnje ..........................................................................................................................................19

6.3.1 Splošno .........................................................................................................................................19

6.3.2 Predhodne izkušnje ......................................................................................................................20

6.3.3 Enakovredne izkušnje .................................................................................................................20

6.4 Nove metode neporušitvene preiskave ..........................................................................................21

6.4.1 Minimalno število ur ......................................................................................................................21

6.4.2 1 in 2. stopnja ................................................................................................................................21

6.4.3 3. stopnja .....................................................................................................................................21

7 Izpiti ...................................................................................................................................................22

7.1 Namen ............................................................................................................................................22

7.1.1 Splošno .........................................................................................................................................22

7.1.2 Pregled vida ..................................................................................................................................22

7.1.3 Splošni izpit .................................................................................................................................23

7.1.4 Specifični izpit ...............................................................................................................................23

7.1.5 Praktični izpit ................................................................................................................................23

7.2 Izvajanje izpitov ..............................................................................................................................25

7.2.1 Splošno ........................................................................................................................................25

7.2.2 Ko izpite izvaja zunanja agencija .................................................................................................25

7.2.3 Točkovanje ..................................................................................................................................25

7.2.4 Ponovno opravljanje izpitov .........................................................................................................26

8 Certificiranje .......................................................................................................................................26

8.1 Splošno ...........................................................................................................................................26

8.2 Zapisi ..............................................................................................................................................26

8.2.1 Minimalne zahteve .......................................................................................................................26

8.2.2 Razpoložljivost zapisov ................................................................................................................27

8.3 Izguba certifikata .............................................................................................................................27

8.3.1 Potek ...........................................................................................................................................27

8.3.2 Začasni preklic ..............................................................................................................................27

8.3.3 Odvzem ........................................................................................................................................27

8.4 Obnovitev certifikata ........................................................................................................................27

8.5 Ponovno certificiranje .....................................................................................................................27

8.5.1 1. in 2. stopnja ...............................................................................................................................27

8.5.2 3. stopnja ......................................................................................................................................28

8.5.3 Praktični izpit ................................................................................................................................28

8.6 Letni pregled strokovnosti ..............................................................................................................28

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SIST EN 4179 : 2022
Dodatek A: Točkovalni sistem za ponovno certificiranje osebja za neporušitvene

preiskave z opravljeno 3. stopnjo .....................................................................................................29

A.1 Področje uporabe ............................................................................................................................29

A.2 Zahteve ...........................................................................................................................................29

A.3 Definicije ..........................................................................................................................................29

Dodatek B (normativni): Kvalificiranje in certificiranje za 1. stopnjo – omejeno .....................................32

B.1 Področje uporabe ............................................................................................................................32

B.2 Zahteve ...........................................................................................................................................32

Dodatek C (normativni): Nacionalni aeronavtični odbori za neporušitvene preiskave (NANDTB) .........35

C.1 Področje uporabe ............................................................................................................................35

C.2 Zahteve ...........................................................................................................................................35

C.3 Izpiti .................................................................................................................................................37

C.4 Ohranjanje zapisov .........................................................................................................................37

Literatura ................................................................................................................................................38

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SIST EN 4179 : 2022
Evropski predgovor

Ta dokument (EN 4179:2021) je pripravila organizacija Aerospace and Defence Industries Association

of Europe – Standardization (ASD-STAN) (Evropsko združenje letalske, vesoljske in obrambne

industrije – Oddelek za standardizacijo (ASD-STAN)).

Po poizvedbah in glasovanjih, izvedenih v skladu s pravili tega združenja, so ta dokument odobrili

nacionalna združenja in uradni organi držav članic Evropskega združenja letalske, vesoljske in

obrambne industrije, preden je bil predstavljen CEN.

Ta evropski standard mora dobiti status nacionalnega standarda bodisi z objavo istovetnega besedila

ali z razglasitvijo najpozneje do junija 2022, nacionalne standarde, ki so v nasprotju s tem standardom,

pa je treba razveljaviti najpozneje do junija 2022.

Upoštevati je treba možnost, da so nekateri deli tega dokumenta lahko predmet patentnih pravic. CEN

[in/ali CENELEC] ne prevzema odgovornosti za opredelitev nekaterih ali vseh takih patentnih pravic.

Ta dokument nadomešča standard EN 4179:2017.

Po določilih notranjih predpisov CEN/CENELEC so ta evropski standard dolžne privzeti nacionalne

organizacije za standarde naslednjih držav: Avstrije, Belgije, Bolgarije, Cipra, Češke republike, Danske,

Estonije, Finske, Francije, Grčije, Hrvaške, Irske, Islandije, Italije, Latvije, Litve, Luksemburga,

Madžarske, Malte, Nemčije, Nizozemske, Norveške, Poljske, Portugalske, Republike Severna

Makedonija, Romunije, Slovaške, Slovenije, Srbije, Španije, Švedske, Švice, Turčije in Združenega

kraljestva.

Uporabnik naj vse povratne informacije ali vprašanja o tem dokumentu posreduje nacionalnemu organu

za standarde v svoji državi. Celoten seznam teh organov je na voljo na spletnem mestu CEN.

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SIST EN 4179 : 2022
Uvod

Če je besedilo tega dokumenta v nasprotju z v njem citiranimi sklicevanji, imajo prednost zahteve tega

dokumenta. Nič v tem dokumentu nima prednosti pred pristojnimi zakoni in predpisi, razen če je bila

pridobljena izjema.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 4179 : 2022
1 Področje uporabe
1.1 Namen

Ta dokument določa minimalne zahteve za kvalificiranje in certificiranje osebja, ki izvaja neporušitvene

preiskave (NDT), neporušitveno pregledovanje (NDI) ali neporušitveno vrednotenje (NDE) v letalski in

vesoljski proizvodnji, servisu, vzdrževanju in obnovi. V tem dokumentu je izraz neporušitvene preiskave

(NDT) uporabljen in obravnavan kot enakovreden neporušitvenemu pregledovanju in neporušitvenemu

vrednotenju (NDI in NDE).

V Evropi se izraz "odobritev" uporablja za pisno izjavo delodajalca, da posameznik izpolnjuje posebne

zahteve in ima operativno pooblastilo. Izraz "certifikat", kakor je opredeljen v točki 3.2, je v tem

dokumentu uporabljen kot nadomestek za izraz "odobritev". Razen če ni v pisnih postopkih določeno

drugače, certifikat v skladu s tem dokumentom vključuje tudi operativno pooblastilo.

1.2 Uporaba
1.2.1 Splošno

Ta dokument se uporablja za osebje, ki z metodami neporušitvenih preiskav preskuša in/ali odobrava

materiale, izdelke, komponente, sklope in podsklope. Ta dokument se uporablja tudi za osebje, ki je

neposredno odgovorno za tehnično primernost uporabljenih metod neporušitvenih preiskav, ki odobri

postopke neporušitvene preiskave in/ali navodila za delo, ki izvaja revizijo prostorov za neporušitvene

preiskave ali ki zagotavlja tehnično podporo oziroma usposabljanje za neporušitvene preiskave.

Ta dokument se ne uporablja za posameznike, ki imajo samo administrativno ali nadzorno pristojnost

nad osebjem, ki izvaja neporušitvene preiskave, ali za raziskovalno osebje, ki razvija tehnologijo za

neporušitvene preiskave za nadaljnjo uvedbo in za odobritev pri certificiranju na 3. stopnji.

Osebje, ki izvaja specializirane preglede z določenimi instrumenti za neposredne odčitke, kot jih je

določila oseba z opravljeno 3. stopnjo, certificirana za preskusno metodo, ne potrebuje kvalifikacij ali

certificiranja na podlagi tega dokumenta.
1.2.2 Izvajanje

Ta dokument naslavlja uporabo nacionalnega aeronavtičnega odbora za neporušitvene preiskave

(NANDTB). Nacionalni aeronavtični odbori za neporušitvene preiskave se uporabljajo samo, kot je

določeno v dodatku C, za skladnost s tem dokumentom pa tak odbor ni obvezen. Osebju, ki je

certificirano v skladu s prejšnjimi revizijami standarda NAS 410 ali EN 4179, se ni treba ponovno

certificirati v skladu z zahtevami tega dokumenta, dokler njihov trenutni certifikat ne poteče.

1.3 Preskusne metode
1.3.1 Splošne preskusne metode

Ta dokument vsebuje podrobne zahteve za naslednje splošne metode neporušitvenih preiskav:

preiskava z vrtinčnimi tokovi (ET)
preiskava z magnetnimi delci (MT)
preiskava s penetranti (PT)
radiografska preiskava (RT)
termografska preiskava (TT)
ultrazvočna preiskava (UT)
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 4179 : 2022
1.3.2 Druge preskusne metode

Kadar se na ta dokument sklicuje organizacija za inženiring ali kakovost ali pristojna inženirska

organizacija ali se uporablja za zahteve glavnega pogodbenika, se dokument uporablja za druge

trenutne in nove metode neporušitvenih preiskav, ki se uporabljajo za določanje sprejemljivosti ali

primernosti materiala, dela, komponente, sklopa ali podsklopa za predvideno uporabo. Take preskusne

metode lahko vključujejo preskušanje akustične emisije (AT), nevtronsko radiografijo, preskušanje

tesnjenja, holografijo in merjenje z uporovnim merilnim lističem, vendar niso omejene na našteto.

Zahteve glede usposabljanja, izkušenj in izpitov osebja za te druge preskusne metode je treba določiti

v skladu s točko 6.4 in jih mora delodajalec dokumentirati.
2 Zveze s standardi

Standard se v besedilu sklicuje na naslednje dokumente tako, da njihov del ali celotna vsebina

predstavlja zahteve tega dokumenta. Pri datiranih sklicevanjih se uporablja samo navedena izdaja. Pri

nedatiranih sklicevanjih se uporablja zadnja izdaja citiranega dokumenta (vključno z morebitnimi

dopolnili).

ISO 18490 Neporušitvene preiskave – Vrednotenje ostrine vida za osebje, ki izvaja

neporušitvene preiskave
3 Izrazi in definicije
V tem dokumentu se uporabljajo naslednji izrazi in definicije.

ISO in IEC hranita terminološke zbirke podatkov za uporabo pri standardizaciji na naslednjih naslovih:

– platforma za brskanje po spletu ISO: na voljo na spletnem mestu https://www.iso.org/obp

– IEC Electropedia: na voljo na spletnem mestu https://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
osnovni izpit

izpit za preverjanje znanja kandidata o metodah neporušitvenih preiskav na 3. stopnji, ki jih uporablja

delodajalec na 2. stopnji
3.2
certifikat

pisna izjava delodajalca, da je posameznik izpolnil ustrezne zahteve tega dokumenta

3.3
izpit brez pripomočkov
izpit, ki se opravlja brez dostopa do kakršnihkoli referenčnih gradiv
3.4
pristojna inženirska organizacija

organizacija za inženiring ali za neporušitvene preiskave glavnega pogodbenika, proizvajalca originalne

opreme (OEM) ali končnega uporabnika, pooblaščenega za sprejemanje odločitev, povezanih z

neporušitvenimi preiskavami, in za izdajanje odobritev, povezanih z neporušitvenimi preiskavami

3.5
srečanja odborov
srečanja svetov

srečanja, konference, simpoziji, seminarji, srečanja panožnih združenj, okrogle mize, ki jih organizira ali

financira regionalna, nacionalna ali mednarodna organizacija za neporušitvene preiskave oziroma

tehnično združenje
Izdala Mednarodna organizacija za standardizacijo (ISO), http://www.iso.ch/.
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SIST EN 4179 : 2022

OPOMBA 1: Tuja ali mednarodna srečanja izpolnjujejo pogoje, če so sponzorji nacionalni ali mednarodni.

3.6
projekti odborov

posebne določljive uradne dejavnosti regionalnih ali nacionalnih tehničnih združenj, odborov ali delovnih

skupin

PRIMER: Primerjalne ali individualne študije, priprava smernic, prilog, specifikacij, priporočenih praks, postopkov, kodeksov

ali standardov.

OPOMBA 1: Dokumentacija lahko zajema zapisnike ali poročila, osnutke izhodnih dokumentov odbora ali uradne pisne

komentarje, ki jih je kandidat oddal za take dokumente.
3.7
neposredno opazovanje

opazovalčevo spremljanje procesa neporušitvene preiskave na način, ki omogoča nemoten, vizualen in

verbalen dvosmerni stik s pripravnikom
3.8
instrument za neposredni odčitek

instrumenti, ki fizično prikazujejo meritve v dimenzijskih ali električnih enotah (npr. palcih, milimetrih ali

% IACS) v obliki digitalnega odčitka ali analognega prikaza, kot je konfiguracija skale/kazalca, in za

pridobitev meritev ne zahtevajo posebnih veščin ali znanja glede nastavitev instrumenta ter ne zajemajo

prilagajanja prikazov signala, kot so prehodi, zakasnitve, povečanje ali faza

PRIMER: Pogosti instrumenti za neposredni odčitek so na primer osnovni ultrazvočni merilniki debeline brez

osciloskopskega prikaza in merilniki debeline premaza ki delujejo z vrtinčnimi tokovi.

3.9
dokumentirano
pogoj beleženja v pisni ali elektronski obliki
3.10
delodajalec

organizacija, ki zaposluje ali pogodbeno najema storitve enega ali več posameznikov, ki izvajajo

neporušitvene preiskave
OPOMBA 1: V to definicijo so zajeti tudi samozaposleni posamezniki.
3.11
vrednotenje

pregled, ki sledi interpretaciji kazanj, zabeleženih med pregledom pri neporušitveni preiskavi, da se

ugotovi, ali kazanja ustrezajo podanim merilom sprejemljivosti, ali da se določi pomembnost kazanja

3.12
izpit

formalen, nadzorovan, dokumentiran preizkus znanja, izveden v skladu z dokumentiranim pisnim

postopkom za preverjanje kandidatove ostrine vida, veščin ali znanja o metodah neporušitvene

preiskave
3.13
ocenjevalec

oseba, ki je certificirana za 3. stopnjo po tem dokumentu in ki jo odgovorna oseba z opravljeno 3. stopnjo

določi za izvajanje celotnega ali dela postopka preverjanja usposobljenosti iz ene ali več metod

neporušitvenih preiskav, za katere je ocenjevalec certificiran
3.14
izkušnje

dejansko izvajanje metode neporušitvene preiskave, ki se opravlja v delovnem okolju, katerega rezultat

je pridobivanje znanja in veščin
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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 4179:2021
01-maj-2021
Aeronavtika - Usposobljenost in odobritev osebja za neporušitveno preskušanje

Aerospace series - Qualification and approval of personnel for nondestructive testing

Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualifizierung und Zulassung des Personals für zerstörungsfreie

Prüfungen
Série aérospatiale - Qualification et agrément du personnel pour les essais non
destructifs
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 4179
ICS:
03.100.30 Vodenje ljudi Management of human
resources
19.100 Neporušitveno preskušanje Non-destructive testing
49.020 Letala in vesoljska vozila na Aircraft and space vehicles in
splošno general
oSIST prEN 4179:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 4179
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2021
ICS 49.020; 03.100.30; 19.100 Will supersede EN 4179:2017
English Version
Aerospace series - Qualification and approval of personnel
for nondestructive testing

Série aérospatiale - Qualification et agrément du Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualifizierung und Zulassung

personnel pour les essais non destructifs des Personals für zerstörungsfreie Prüfungen

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee ASD-

STAN.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 4179:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
prEN 4179:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

1.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................... 7

1.2 Applicability ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

1.2.1 Implementation ............................................................................................................................................... 7

1.3 Methods .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

1.3.1 Common methods ........................................................................................................................................... 7

1.3.2 Other methods ................................................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 General requirements ................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1 Written practice ............................................................................................................................................ 13

4.1.1 Qualification and certification ................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.2 Additional requirements............................................................................................................................ 13

4.1.3 NDT techniques ............................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.4 Training outlines ........................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.5 Examination practices ................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.6 Administration ............................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.7 Records ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2 Methods ............................................................................................................................................................ 14

4.3 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 14

4.3.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.3.2 Responsible Level 3 ...................................................................................................................................... 14

4.3.3 Outside agency ............................................................................................................................................... 14

5 Qualification and certification levels ..................................................................................................... 15

5.1 Levels of qualification and certification ............................................................................................... 15

5.1.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.1.2 Trainee .............................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.1.3 Level 1-Limited .............................................................................................................................................. 15

5.1.4 Level 1 ............................................................................................................................................................... 15

5.1.5 Level 2 ............................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.1.6 Level 3 ............................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.1.7 Auditor .............................................................................................................................................................. 17

6 Training and experience ............................................................................................................................ 17

6.1 Training ............................................................................................................................................................ 17

6.1.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.1.2 Training outlines ........................................................................................................................................... 18

6.1.3 Previous training .......................................................................................................................................... 18

6.1.4 Equivalent training....................................................................................................................................... 19

6.1.5 Health and safety training ......................................................................................................................... 19

6.2 Training and examination personnel .................................................................................................... 19

6.2.1 Responsible Level 3 ...................................................................................................................................... 19

6.2.2 Examiners ........................................................................................................................................................ 19

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6.2.3 Instructors ....................................................................................................................................................... 19

6.2.4 Outside agencies ........................................................................................................................................... 19

6.3 Experience ....................................................................................................................................................... 19

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

6.3.2 Previous experience .................................................................................................................................... 20

6.3.3 Equivalent experience ................................................................................................................................ 20

6.4 Emerging NDT methods .............................................................................................................................. 21

6.4.1 Minimum hours ............................................................................................................................................. 21

6.4.2 Levels 1 and 2 ................................................................................................................................................. 21

6.4.3 Level 3 ............................................................................................................................................................... 21

7 Examinations .................................................................................................................................................. 22

7.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

7.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 22

7.1.2 Vision examination ...................................................................................................................................... 22

7.1.3 General examination ................................................................................................................................... 22

7.1.4 Specific examination ................................................................................................................................... 23

7.1.5 Practical examination ................................................................................................................................. 23

7.2 Administration of examinations ............................................................................................................. 24

7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

7.2.2 Administration by an outside agency .................................................................................................... 24

7.2.3 Scoring .............................................................................................................................................................. 24

7.2.4 Re-examination ............................................................................................................................................. 24

8 Certification .................................................................................................................................................... 25

8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

8.2 Records ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

8.2.1 Minimum requirements ............................................................................................................................. 25

8.2.2 Record availability ....................................................................................................................................... 25

8.3 Loss of certification ...................................................................................................................................... 26

8.3.1 Expiration ........................................................................................................................................................ 26

8.3.2 Suspension ...................................................................................................................................................... 26

8.3.3 Revocation ....................................................................................................................................................... 26

8.4 Reinstatement of certification ................................................................................................................. 26

8.5 Recertification ............................................................................................................................................... 26

8.5.1 Level 1 and Level 2 ....................................................................................................................................... 26

8.5.2 Level 3 ............................................................................................................................................................... 26

8.5.3 Hands-on practical examination ............................................................................................................. 26

8.6 Annual proficiency review ........................................................................................................................ 27

Annex A (normative) Credit system for recertification of Level 3 NDT personnel ............................ 28

A.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 28

A.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 28

A.3 Definitions ....................................................................................................................................................... 28

Annex B (informative) Qualification and certification of Level 1-Limited ........................................... 31

B.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 31

B.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 31

Annex C (normative) National aerospace nondestructive testing boards (NANDTB) ...................... 34

C.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 34

C.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 34

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C.3 Examinations .................................................................................................................................................. 36

C.4 Record retention ........................................................................................................................................... 36

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 37

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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
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European foreword

This document (prEN 4179:2021) has been prepared by the Aerospace and Defence Industries

Association of Europe — Standardization (ASD-STAN).

After enquiries and votes carried out in accordance with the rules of this Association, this document has

received the approval of the National Associations and the Official Services of the member countries of

ASD-STAN, prior to its presentation to CEN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 4179:2017.
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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
prEN 4179:2021 (E)
Introduction

In the event of a conflict between the text of this document and the references cited herein, the

requirements of this document take precedence. Nothing in this document supersedes applicable laws

and regulations unless a specific exemption has been obtained.
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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
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1 Scope
1.1 Purpose

This document establishes the minimum requirements for the qualification and certification of

personnel performing nondestructive testing (NDT), nondestructive inspection (NDI), or

nondestructive evaluation (NDE) in the aerospace manufacturing, service, maintenance and overhaul

industries. For the purposes of this document, the term NDT will be used and will be considered

equivalent to NDI and NDE.

In Europe, the term “approval” is used to denote a written statement by an employer that an individual

has met specific requirements and has operating approval. The term “certification” as defined in 3.2 is

used throughout this document as a substitute for the term “approval”. Except when otherwise

specified in the written practice, certification in accordance with this document includes operating

approval.
1.2 Applicability

This document applies to personnel using NDT methods to test and/or accept materials, products,

components, assemblies or sub-assemblies. This document also applies to personnel: directly

responsible for the technical adequacy of the NDT methods used, who approve NDT procedures and/or

work instructions, who audit NDT facilities, or who provide technical NDT support or training.

This document does not apply to individuals who only have administrative or supervisory authority

over NDT personnel or to research personnel developing NDT technology for subsequent

implementation and approval by a certified Level 3. Personnel performing specialized inspections using

certain direct readout instruments as determined by a Level 3 certified in the method, do not require

qualification or certification to this document.
1.2.1 Implementation

This document addresses the use of a National Aerospace NDT Board (NANDTB). NANDTBs are only

used as specified per Annex C and it is not mandatory to have such a board for compliance with this

document. Personnel certified to previous revisions of NAS 410 or EN 4179 need not recertify to the

requirements of this document until their current certification expires.
1.3 Methods
1.3.1 Common methods

This document contains detailed requirements for the following common NDT methods:

Eddy Current Testing (ET)
Liquid Penetrant Testing (PT)
Magnetic Particle Testing (MT)
Radiographic Testing (RT)
Thermographic Testing (IRT)
Ultrasonic Testing (UT)
1.3.2 Other methods

When invoked by engineering, quality, cognizant engineering organization or prime contractor

requirements, this document applies to other current and emerging NDT methods used to determine

the acceptability or suitability for intended service of a material, part, component, sub-assembly or

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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
prEN 4179:2021 (E)

assembly. Such methods can include, but are not limited to, acoustic emission, neutron radiography,

leak testing, holography, and shearography. The requirements for personnel training, experience, and

examination for these other methods are established in accordance with 6.4 and are documented by the

employer.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 18490, Non-destructive testing — Evaluation of vision acuity of NDT personnel

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
basic examination

examination utilized to verify a Level 3 candidate’s knowledge of NDT methods used by the employer at

a Level 2 proficiency
3.2
certification

written statement by an employer that an individual has met the applicable requirements of this

document
3.3
closed book examination
examination administered without access to any reference materials
3.4
cognizant engineering organization

engineering or NDT organization of the prime contractor, OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer), or

end user authorized to make NDT-related decisions and give NDT-related approvals
3.5
committee meetings
panel meetings

meetings, conferences, symposia, seminars, trade association meetings, panels, etc. organized or

sponsored by a regional, national or international NDT organization or technical society

Note 1 to entry: Foreign or international meetings qualify if the sponsor(s) are national or international.

Published by: ISO International Organization for Standardization http://www.iso.ch/

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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
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3.6
committee projects

specific identifiable official activities of regional or national technical societies, committees or work

groups

EXAMPLE round robins or individual studies, preparation of guidelines, appendices, specifications,

recommended practices, procedures, codes or standards, etc.

Note 1 to entry: Documentation may include memos or reports, drafts of committee output documents, or official

written comments submitted by the candidate on such documents.
3.7
direct observation

observer's viewing of the NDT process in a manner that permits uninterrupted, visual and verbal two-

way contact with the trainee
3.8
direct readout instrument

instruments that physically display measurements in dimensional or electrical units (e.g. inches,

millimetres or % IACS) either as digital readout or an analog display, such as a scale/pointer

configuration, and do not require special skills or knowledge to set up the instrument and do not

involve adjusting signal displays such as gates, delays, gain, or phase to obtain measurements

EXAMPLE Common direct readout instruments include basic ultrasonic thickness gauges without an

oscilloscope display, and eddy current coating thickness gauges.
3.9
documented
condition of being recorded in written or electronic form
3.10
employer

organization employing or contracting the services of one or more individuals who perform NDT

Note 1 to entry: Self-employed individuals are included in this definition
3.11
evaluation

review following interpretation of the indications noted during an NDT inspection to determine

whether the indications meet specified acceptance criteria or to determine the significance of the

indication
3.12
examination

formal, controlled, documented testing conducted in accordance with a documented written practice to

verify a candidate’s visual capability, skill or knowledge of an NDT method
3.13
examiner

Level 3 certified to this document and designated by the Responsible Level 3 to administer all or part of

the qualification process in the NDT method(s) in which the Examiner is certified

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oSIST prEN 4179:2021
prEN 4179:2021 (E)
3.14
experience

actual performance of an NDT method conducted in the work environment resulting in the acquisition

of knowledge and skill

Note 1 to entry: This does not include formal classroom training but may include laboratory and on-the-job

training as defined by the employer’s written practice.
3.15
formal education
engineering or science studies at a technical school, college, or university
3.16
formal training

organized and documented program of learning activities designed to impart the knowledge and skills

necessary to be qualified to this document

Note 1 to entry: Formal training may be a mix of classroom, practical and programmed self-instruction as

approved by the Responsible Level 3 or Examiner.
3.17
general examination
written examination addressing the basic principles and theory of an NDT method
3.18
indication

response or evidence of a condition resulting from an NDT inspection that requires interpretation

3.19
instructor

individual designated or approved by the Responsible Level 3 or Examiner to provide training for NDT

personnel
3.20
interpretation
determination of whether indications are relevant or non-relevant
3.21
method

1 (one) of the disciplines of nondestructive testing (e.g. ultrasonic, radiography, etc.) within which

different techniques may exist
3.22
National Aerospace NDT Board
NANDTB

independent aerospace organization representing a nation's aerospace industry that is chartered by the

participating prime contractors and recognized by the nation’s regulatory agencies to provide or

support NDT qualification and/or examination services in accordance with Annex C of this document

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3.23
non-film radiography
radiographic imaging that does not use a film-based recording medium

Note 1 to entry: Non-Film radiography includes, but may not be limited to, Computed Radiography, Digital

Radiography, Radioscopy, and Computed Tomography.
3.24
on-the-job training

training in the work environment to gain experience in learning instrument set-up, equipment

operation, applying the process, and recognition, interpretation and evaluation of indications under

appropriate technical guidance
3.25
open book examination

examination administered with access to specific reference material that is provided with or referenced

in the examination
3.26
operating approval
written statement issued by the employer, based upon the scope of ce
...

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