Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters - Burglar resistance - Test method for the determination of resistance under static loading

This European Standard specifies a test method for the determination of resistance to static loading in order to assess the burglar resistant properties of pedestrian door sets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters. It is applicable to the following means of opening: Turning, tilting, folding, turn-tilting, top or bottom hung, sliding (horizontally and vertically) and rolling as well as fixed constructions.
This European Standard does not apply to doors, gates and barriers, intended for installation in areas in the reach of persons, and for which the main intended uses are giving safe access for goods and vehicles accompanied or driven by persons in industrial, commercial or residential premises, as covered by EN 13241.

Türen, Fenster, Vorhangfassaden, Gitterelemente und Abschlüsse - Einbruchhemmung - Prüfverfahren für die Ermittlung der Widerstandsfähigkeit unter statischer Belastung

Dieses Dokument legt ein Prüfverfahren zur Ermittlung der Widerstandsfähigkeit unter statischer Belastung fest, um die einbruchhemmenden Eigenschaften von Türelementen, Fenstern, Vorhangfassaden, Schutzgittern und Abschlüssen zu bewerten. Sie gilt für die folgenden Öffnungsarten: Drehen, Kippen, Falten, Drehkippen, Hoch  oder Herunterklappen, Schieben (horizontal und vertikal), Schwingen (horizontal und vertikal) und Rollen sowie für nicht öffenbare Konstruktionen.
Es werden zwei Aspekte der einbruchhemmenden Leistungsfähigkeit von Bauprodukten zugrunde gelegt, ihr üblicher Widerstand gegen gewaltsame Öffnung und die Fähigkeit, im Gebäude fest verankert zu bleiben. Das vorliegende Prüfverfahren bewertet nicht die Ausführung der Befestigung am Gebäude.
Leitlinien zur Befestigung des Produkts sind der Einbauanweisung des Herstellers zu entnehmen.
prEN 1627:2019, Anhang A enthält ein Beispiel für den Inhalt der Einbauanweisung des Herstellers.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Türen, Tore und Schranken, die für den Einbau in Zugangsbereichen von Personen vorgesehen sind und deren hauptsächlich vorgesehene Verwendung darin besteht, eine sichere Zufahrt für Waren und Fahrzeuge, begleitet oder geführt (gesteuert) von Personen, in industriellen, gewerblichen oder Wohnbereichen zu ermöglichen, was in EN 13241 behandelt wird.

Blocs-portes pour piétons, fenêtres, façades rideaux, grilles et fermetures - Résistance à l'effraction - Méthode d'essai pour la détermination de la résistance à la charge statique

Le présent document définit une méthode d’essai pour déterminer la résistance à la charge statique dans le but d’évaluer les caractéristiques de résistance à l’effraction des blocs-portes pour piétons, fenêtres, façades rideaux, grilles et fermetures. Il s’applique aux constructions fixes et aux systèmes ouvrants suivants : battant, oscillant, pliant, oscillo-battant, à gonds haut ou bas, coulissant (horizontalement et verticalement), pivotant (horizontalement et verticalement) et à enroulement.
Il est reconnu que les performances de résistance à l’effraction des produits de construction se caractérisent par deux aspects : leur résistance normale à une ouverture en force et leur capacité à rester fixé au bâtiment. Cette méthode d’essai n’évalue pas les performances de la fixation au bâtiment.
Les instructions de pose du fabricant donnent des recommandations relatives à la fixation du produit.
Un exemple du contenu des instructions de pose du fabricant est donné à l’Annexe A du prEN 1627:2019.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux portes, portails et barrières, destinés à être installés dans des zones accessibles aux personnes et dont l’utilisation principale prévue est de permettre l’accès sécurisé de marchandises et de véhicules accompagnés ou conduits par des personnes, dans des locaux industriels et commerciaux ou des garages dans les zones d’habitation, tel que traité par l’EN 13241.

Vrata, okna, obešene fasade, mreže in polkna - Protivlomna odpornost - Preskusna metoda za ugotavljanje odpornosti proti statičnim obremenitvam

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
19-Jul-2019
Publication Date
17-Jun-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Jun-2021
Due Date
19-Aug-2021
Completion Date
18-Jun-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1628:2021
01-september-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1628:2012+A1:2016
Vrata, okna, obešene fasade, mreže in polkna - Protivlomna odpornost - Preskusna
metoda za ugotavljanje odpornosti proti statičnim obremenitvam

Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters - Burglar resistance -

Test method for the determination of resistance under static loading

Türen, Fenster, Vorhangfassaden, Gitterelemente und Abschlüsse - Einbruchhemmung -

Prüfverfahren für die Ermittlung der Widerstandsfähigkeit unter statischer Belastung

Blocs-portes pour piétons, fenêtres, façades rideaux, grilles et fermetures - Résistance à

l'effraction - Méthode d'essai pour la détermination de la résistance à la charge statique

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1628:2021
ICS:
13.310 Varstvo pred kriminalom Protection against crime
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
SIST EN 1628:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1628:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.310; 91.060.50 Supersedes EN 1628:2011+A1:2015
English Version
Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and
shutters - Burglar resistance - Test method for the
determination of resistance under static loading

Blocs-portes pour piétons, fenêtres, façades rideaux, Türen, Fenster, Vorhangfassaden, Gitterelemente und

grilles et fermetures - Résistance à l'effraction - Abschlüsse - Einbruchhemmung - Prüfverfahren für die

Méthode d'essai pour la détermination de la résistance Ermittlung der Widerstandsfähigkeit unter statischer

à la charge statique Belastung
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 March 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1628:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ........................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .......................................................................................................................................................... 4

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................................... 4

3 Terms and definitions ......................................................................................................................... 5

4 Apparatus ................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.1 Test rig ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Load applicators .................................................................................................................................... 6

4.3 Hooks ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.4 Straps......................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.5 Pressure pads ......................................................................................................................................... 6

4.6 Measuring equipment ......................................................................................................................... 6

4.7 Sub-frame ................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.8 Tolerances ............................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Test specimen ........................................................................................................................................ 7

5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Preparation and examination of the test specimen ................................................................. 8

6 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1 Test room climate ................................................................................................................................. 9

6.2 General...................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Testing of group 1 and group 2 construction products ........................................................... 9

6.3.1 Loading points for group 1 and group 2 products .................................................................... 9

6.3.2 Test procedure for the infill medium retention system (product groups 1 and 2) .... 11

6.3.3 Test procedure for the leaf (product group 1, burglar resistance class 1) .................... 11

6.3.4 Test procedure for the leaf (product group 1, burglar resistance classes 2 and

higher) .................................................................................................................................................... 11

6.3.5 Test procedure for the leaf (product group 2, burglar resistance class 1) .................... 11

6.3.6 Test procedure for the leaf (product group 2, burglar resistance classes 2 and

higher) .................................................................................................................................................... 12

6.4 Failure criteria for product groups 1 and 2............................................................................... 12

6.5 Testing of group 3 construction products .................................................................................. 13

6.5.1 Loading points ...................................................................................................................................... 13

6.5.2 Loading direction ................................................................................................................................ 13

6.5.3 Loading and measurement procedure ........................................................................................ 13

6.5.4 Failure criteria for product group 3 ............................................................................................. 14

6.6 Testing of group 4 construction products .................................................................................. 14

6.6.1 General.................................................................................................................................................... 14

6.6.2 Resistance of moving elements ...................................................................................................... 15

6.6.3 Resistance of other loading points ............................................................................................... 15

6.6.4 Failure criteria for product group 4 ............................................................................................. 15

7 Test report ............................................................................................................................................. 15

Annex A (normative) Test equipment ...................................................................................................... 17

Annex B (normative) Test sequence for static loading test in resistance classes 1 to 6 ........ 84

Annex C (normative) Dislocation of window hardware against the locking direction ........... 85

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................... 88

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SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1628:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 33 “Doors, windows,

shutters, building hardware and curtain walling”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document will supersede EN 1628:2011+A1:2015.
Significant changes in this revision are:
a) Updated editions of Normative References;
b) Gap gauge C in Figure A.14 replaced gauge 3 in Figure A.13.

This European Standard is one of a series of standards for burglar resistant pedestrian doorsets,

windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters. The other standards in the series are:

— EN 1627:2021, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar

resistance — Requirements and classification;

— EN 1629:2021, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar

resistance — Test method for the determination of resistance under dynamic loading;

— EN 1630:2021, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar

resistance — Test method for the determination of resistance to manual burglary attempts.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies a test method for the determination of resistance to static loading in order to

assess the burglar resistant properties of pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and

shutters. It is applicable to the following opening functions: Turning, tilting, folding, turn-tilting, top or

bottom hung, sliding (horizontally and vertically), pivoted (horizontally and vertically), projecting, and

rolling as well as non-openable constructions.

It is acknowledged that there are two aspects to the burglar resistance performance of construction

products, their normal resistance to forced operation and their ability to remain fixed to the building.

This test method does not evaluate the performance of the fixing to the building.

The manufacturer's installation instructions will give guidance on the fixing of the product.

An example for the contents of the manufacturer’s installation instructions is given in EN 1627:2021,

Annex A.

This document does not apply to walls and roofs, as well as for doors, gates and barriers, intended for

installation in areas in the reach of persons, and for which the main intended uses are giving safe access

for goods and vehicles accompanied or driven by persons in industrial, commercial or residential

premises, as covered by EN 13241:2003+A2:2016.

NOTE It is important that construction products that can be reached or driven through by vehicles are

protected by appropriate measures such as barriers, extensible ramps, etc.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 356:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against

manual attack

EN 1627:2021, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar resistance —

Requirements and classification

EN 1629:2021, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar resistance —

Test method for the determination of resistance under dynamic loading

EN 1630:2021, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar resistance —

Test method for the determination of resistance to manual burglary attempts

EN 12195-2:2000, Load restraint assemblies on road vehicles — Safety — Part 2: Web lashing made from

man-made fibres

EN 12216:2018, Shutters, external blinds, internal blinds — Terminology, glossary and definitions

EN 12519:2018, Windows and pedestrian doors — Terminology
EN 13119:2016, Curtain walling — Terminology

EN 13241:2003+A2:2016, Industrial, commercial, garage doors and gates — Product standard,

performance characteristics
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SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1627:2021, EN 12519:2018,

EN 12216:2018, EN 13119:2016 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
test specimen

complete, fully functioning construction product as detailed in the scope of this document

3.2
sub-frame

standard surrounding frame into which the test specimen is mounted for testing purpose

3.3
test rig

surrounding substantial steel frame with movable steel supports into which the sub-frames containing

test specimens of various dimensions can be mounted
3.4
load applicator
hydraulic ram or similar loading device that can apply the test forces required
3.5
pressure pad
pad fitted to the active end of the load applicator to spread the load
3.6
locking points

all connecting points between the opening element and the fixed element including the following:

— main lock;
— bolts of additional locks or multi-point locks;
— hinges;
— hinge bolts or dog bolts;
— fixings of fixed elements;
— roller and slide bearings in guides of sliding elements;
— junction of grille bars.

Note 1 to entry: Locating wedges are not considered to be building hardware or attachment points unless they

also act as a security claw/dogbolt.
3.7
passive leaf

leaf of a multi-leafed window or door, intended to be moved after the active leaf

3.8
active leaf

leaf of a multi-leafed window or door intended to be moved first to provide opening

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SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
4 Apparatus
4.1 Test rig

The test rig is consisting of a rigid steel frame with movable steel supports into which test specimens of

various dimensions can be mounted, is shown in Annex A - Figure A.5. The stiffness of the rig shall be

such that a 15 kN force applied to any of the defined points and normal to the plane of the frame shall not

cause a deflection of more than 5 mm. The test rig shall not impede the execution of the test.

4.2 Load applicators

The load applicators consisting of a hydraulic ram or similar loading device shall be capable of applying

the required test forces progressively and without shock.
4.3 Hooks
A hook is shown in Figure A.12.
4.4 Straps

Straps shall conform to EN 12195-2:2000 or equivalent and have a minimum tensile strength of 5 kN.

These straps may be used to apply some of the loads.
4.5 Pressure pads
Pressure pads and loading equipment are shown in Figures A.6 to A.11.
4.6 Measuring equipment
The measurement equipment is consisting of the following:
a) equipment to display and/or record the forces being applied;
b) a chronometer with seconds display for measuring the loading times;
c) equipment for determining temperature and relative humidity;
d) calliper and/or depth gauge;
e) angle measuring instrument;

f) three gap gauges as shown in Figures A.13 and A.14: gap gauge A shall be 10 mm in diameter, gap

gauge B shall be 25 mm in diameter, gap gauge C shall have an elliptical form with a major diameter

of 250 mm and a minor diameter of 150 mm.

NOTE The various gap gauges detailed in A.10 are used to evaluate the resistance to an applied load. They

represent an acceptable level of deformation of the various products above which vulnerabilities can be

exposed. They are not intended to represent any particular attack method but are used as a simple method to

establish failure.
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SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
4.7 Sub-frame

The sub-frame shall simulate the support given to the product when installed into a building. It shall

typically consist of the following:

a) for group 1 to group 4 products, a rectangular minimum metal tube 120 mm × 120 mm × 5 mm or a

rectangular timber frame minimum 100 mm × 70 mm;
NOTE High quality wood, e.g. glue laminated timber.

b) additionally for group 3 and group 4 products, a steel tube minimum 40 mm × 40 mm × 3 mm; and a

base plate of 8 mm steel, consisting of several segments which shall be removable for the purposes

of loading, if necessary.
See Figures A.15 to A.32.
4.8 Tolerances

Unless stated otherwise in this document, the following tolerances shall apply to the test equipment:

Load ±5 %
Dimensions < 20 mm ±0,5 mm
≥ 20 to 500 mm ±1,0 mm
≥ 500 to 2 000 mm ±2,0 mm
≥ 2 000 mm ±3,0 mm
Angle ±2°
Time ±1 %
Temperature ±2 °C
Relative humidity ±5 %
5 Test specimen
5.1 General

Each test specimen shall be a functioning product complete with its frames, building hardware, guide

rails, curtain, tube, roller box and accessories, as appropriate. When testing roller shutters at least two

test specimens consisting of separate sections of the guide rails shall be supplied for test. These sections

shall be 1 m in length (see Figure A.56).

The test specimen shall be fixed square and plumb and without twist or bend into a sub-frame. The

manufacturer shall ensure that the method of fixing, packing supports, sealing requirements, etc. of the

test specimen into the sub-frame are in accordance with their installation instructions (see Figures A.15

to A.63). The sub-frame shall be supported by the test rig so that there will be no movement of the sub-

frame during the test.

NOTE Products that are intended to be installed in orientations other than vertical (e.g. roof lights) can be

installed in the vertical orientation for the purpose of this test.

For the purposes of this document, the test specimen shall be glazed according to the relevant glazing

resistance class of EN 356:1999, corresponding to the resistance class of the construction product

according to EN 1627:2021, as shown in Table 1. The glass pane offering the highest security level, when

used in an insulating glass unit, is normally positioned on the non-attack side. For the purpose of this test,

the glass pane offering the highest security level shall be positioned on the attack side of the sample.

Products shall be glazed in accordance with the manufacturer’s specification.
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SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
Table 1 — Glazing requirements for the test specimen
Resistance class Minimum resistance class of glazing according to
EN 356:1999 fitted on the test specimen for testing
purpose
RC 1 N P4 A
RC 1 a
P4 A
RC 2 N P4 A
RC 2 a
P4 A
RC 3 a
P5 A
RC 4 a
P6 B
RC 5 a
P7 B
RC 6 a
P8 B

The glazing type fitted on the test specimen shall be the type (or one of the types) used for

classification purposes.

If a glass unit with a higher security level is used within the specimen used for the tests, it may not be

possible to assess the use of glass units with a lower grade within those products without conducting

further tests. This is because higher grades of glass can increase the rigidity of the product.

The test specimen used in this test may also be used for the dynamic test in accordance with

EN 1629:2021 and the pre-test in accordance with EN 1630:2021, provided that any damage caused by

these tests will not affect the result of the pre-test (see also EN 1627:2021, Clause 11).

5.2 Preparation and examination of the test specimen

The specimen shall be stored for at least 8 hours in a temperature range between 15 °C and 30 °C until

the start of the test to ensure that it is fully tempered for the test.

The test specimen and sub-frame mounted in the test rig shall be visually examined for damage, defects

or other particular conditions of finish, etc. These shall be recorded.

The top of the sub-frame should be propped local to the locking points, if necessary.

Each test specimen shall be examined and the direction to disengage each locking point shall be noted.

During testing the test specimen shall be closed and locked at the declared secured condition in

accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

All locking hardware that can be disengaged from the attack side without the use of a key or tool shall be

disengaged during all tests.

Products in resistance class 1 shall additionally be prepared prior to the static loading test by removing

all parts on the attack side that can be unscrewed, dismounted or disassembled using the tools described

in EN 1630:2021, Annex A, tool set A1. Parts must not be damaged during this procedure. The total time

for this preparation procedure shall not exceed 3 min.
The parts removed during this preparation shall be recorded.
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SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
6 Procedure
6.1 Test room climate
The test room temperature shall be maintained between 15 °C and 30 °C.
The relative humidity in the test room shall be between 30 % and 70 %.
6.2 General

The specified test loads detailed in EN 1627:2021 shall be applied in the order specified in EN 1627:2021,

7.1 at the various loading points using the load applicator. The ability of the products to resist static

loading shall be assessed by means of a gap gauge, as shown in Figures A.13 and A.14.

The complete test procedure shall be carried out as shown in Annex B, Figure B.1.

Should the glass break during any tests, the test programme shall proceed with the broken glass in situ.

Adhesive film may be applied to the glass to protect the tester.

When propping is needed, the restraint shall have a nominal contact area of 100 mm by 50 mm and offer

restraint in the opposite direction to the applied load.

Where it is not possible to use the 100 mm by 50 mm prop smaller props may be used. Where a smaller

prop is used, it should be as large as possible (up to 100 mm by 50 mm). The test report shall document

where smaller props are used and the size of the prop.

The prop shall be located as close to the loading point as is practical, but shall not give additional support

to the leaf/infill/beading under test, see Figure A.38. Load F2 is applied without propping the inactive

leaf on elements with more than one leaf.

Fixed construction products and side/overpanels, that have no openable element, shall be tested in a

similar manner to openable elements for group 1 and group 2 products. That is, the F1 and F3 loads will

be applied to the infill and supporting frame in accordance with 6.3.1.1 and 6.3.1.3.

NOTE Side/overpanels are fanlights (EN 12519) with or without glass.

Test method for dislocation of window hardware against the locking direction, see Annex C.

6.3 Testing of group 1 and group 2 construction products
6.3.1 Loading points for group 1 and group 2 products
6.3.1.1 Loading point F1: infilling corner

The specified load shall be applied, in turn, to each corner of the infilling medium at a point as shown in

Figure A.1, unless the infilling medium is circular, in which case four points shall be selected at

approximately equidistant intervals around the edge. The load shall be applied in a direction to

disassemble the infilling medium retention system and perpendicular to the plane of the test specimen.

The F1 loads to infills will be applied with the pressure pad located nominally 5 mm from the edge of the

infill, as described in Figure A.1. F1 loads on infills will be applied in the direction to disassemble the

glazing/infill, i.e. loading from the outside on internally glazed windows and vice versa. Where it is

unclear as to which side is the direction to disassemble the glazing/infill, e.g. cassette systems of

symmetrical systems, the load will be applied from the attack side. An optional wood or plastic panel to

protect the glazing may be used to prevent glass breakage.
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SIST EN 1628:2021
EN 1628:2021 (E)
6.3.1.2 Loading point F2: leaf corner

The specified load shall be applied, in turn, to each corner of the leaf if the adjacent locking point has a

greater distance A than 350 mm from the corner as shown in Figure A.33. If no corner exists (e.g. circular

product) apply the loads half way between locking points. It shall be applied in a direction to open the

leaf and perpendicular to the plane of the test specimen. The distance of a hardware loading point from

a corner shall be measured from the corner of the frame rebate to the centre of that hardware loading

point.

F2 loads will be applied progressively and without shock over a period of 10 s to 20 s within 5° of

perpendicular to plane and will be maintained for a period of 8 s to 12 s.
6.3.1.3 Loading point F3: locking points

The specified load shall be applied, in turn, to each locking point as defined in 3.6 and shown in

Figures A.2 to A.4. If the distance between two adjacent locking points is less than 200 mm then a single

loading point shall be used located at the midpoint between the two locking points. The load shall be

applied in a direction to open the leaf. For locking points on adjacent edges the sum on their distance

from the corner shall be used. The load shall be applied in a direction to open the leaf. Where the locking

point has a contact length of greater than 200 mm (e.g. piano hinge or locking bar) then a load shall be

applied at each end. Once two loading points have been combined, they cannot be further combined with

other loading points.

For fixed construction products and side/overpanels the specified load shall be applied, in turn, to any

fixing securing the infill frame into the main frame as shown in Figure A.37 a) to A.37 b) 2).

On fixed construction products that consist of a single element secured directly to the substrate then the

specified load shall be applied at:

— 200 mm intervals around the edge of the product, where a fixed product is secured using a

continuous fixing system (e.g. structural sealant) as shown in Figure A.37 c) 2).

— Each fixing point to the substrate as shown in Figure A.37 c) 1).

On elements with openable parts, the fixing of the mainframe adjacent to the openable sash is indirectly

tested by loading the locking points with F3.
6.3.1.4 Loading point: F3.a: locking points

The specified load shall be applied to the leaf and, where necessary, to the frame, in a direction to

disengage the associated locking point as shown in Figure A.41 to A.50. The load F3.a shall be applied in

the plane of the specimen and only in association with the load applied to loading point F3 and to products

in burglar resistance class 1N, as defined in EN 1627:2021.

Where a separating force is required, a load shall also be applied to other parts of the product. The load

F3.a shall be applied and maintained until the load applied to loading point F3 has been applied and

removed.
There is no fixed correlation between the attack side and the loading
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 1628:2019
01-julij-2019
Vrata, okna, obešene fasade, mreže in polkna - Protivlomna odpornost -
Preskusna metoda za ugotavljanje odpornosti proti statičnim obremenitvam

Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters - Burglar resistance -

Test method for the determination of resistance under static loading

Türen, Fenster, Vorhangfassaden, Gitterelemente und Abschlüsse - Einbruchhemmung -

Prüfverfahren für die Ermittlung der Widerstandsfähigkeit unter statischer Belastung

Blocs-portes pour piétons, fenêtres, façades rideaux, grilles et fermetures - Résistance à

l'effraction - Méthode d'essai pour la détermination de la résistance à la charge statique

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 1628
ICS:
13.310 Varstvo pred kriminalom Protection against crime
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
oSIST prEN 1628:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 1628
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2019
ICS 13.310; 91.060.50 Will supersede EN 1628:2011+A1:2015
English Version
Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and
shutters - Burglar resistance - Test method for the
determination of resistance under static loading

Blocs-portes pour piétons, fenêtres, façades rideaux, Türen, Fenster, Vorhangfassaden, Gitterelemente und

grilles et fermetures - Résistance à l'effraction - Abschlüsse - Einbruchhemmung - Prüfverfahren für die

Méthode d'essai pour la détermination de la résistance Ermittlung der Widerstandsfähigkeit unter statischer

à la charge statique Belastung

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 33.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 1628:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
prEN 1628:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ............................................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ......................................................................................................................... 7

4 Apparatus ................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.1 Test rig ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 Load applicators .................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3 Hooks ......................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4 Straps......................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.5 Pressure pads ......................................................................................................................................... 8

4.6 Measuring equipment ......................................................................................................................... 8

4.7 Sub-frame ................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.8 Tolerances ............................................................................................................................................... 9

5 Test specimen ........................................................................................................................................ 9

5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Preparation and examination of the test specimen ............................................................... 10

6 Procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 11

6.1 Test room climate ............................................................................................................................... 11

6.2 General.................................................................................................................................................... 11

6.3 Testing of group 1 and group 2 construction products ......................................................... 11

6.3.1 Loading points for group 1 and group 2 products .................................................................. 11

6.3.2 Test procedure for the infill medium retention system (product groups 1 and 2) .... 12

6.3.3 Test procedure for the leaf (product group 1, burglar resistance class 1) .................... 13

6.3.4 Test procedure for the leaf (product group 1, burglar resistance classes 2 and

higher) .................................................................................................................................................... 13

6.3.5 Test procedure for the leaf (product group 2, burglar resistance class 1) .................... 13

6.3.6 Test procedure for the leaf (product group 2, burglar resistance classes 2 and

higher) .................................................................................................................................................... 14

6.4 Expression of results for product groups 1 and 2 ................................................................... 14

6.5 Testing of group 3 construction products .................................................................................. 14

6.5.1 Loading points ...................................................................................................................................... 14

6.5.2 Loading direction ................................................................................................................................ 15

6.5.3 Loading and measurement procedure ........................................................................................ 15

6.5.4 Expression of results ......................................................................................................................... 16

6.6 Testing of group 4 construction products .................................................................................. 16

6.6.1 General.................................................................................................................................................... 16

6.6.2 Resistance of moving elements ...................................................................................................... 16

6.6.3 Resistance of other loading points ............................................................................................... 17

6.6.4 Expression of results ......................................................................................................................... 17

7 Test report ............................................................................................................................................. 17

Annex A (normative) Test equipment ...................................................................................................... 19

A.1 Examples for loading points F1 and F3 ....................................................................................... 19

A.2 Example of test rig .............................................................................................................................. 23

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A.3 Examples for pressure pads for door sets, windows and shutters ................................... 24

A.4 Examples for pressure pads for door sets, windows and shutters in places where it is

necessary to bridge any item of furniture or a lock ............................................................... 25

A.5 Examples for pressure pads for roller shutters ....................................................................... 26

A.6 Examples for pressure pads for roller shutters – separate test for guide rails ............ 27

A.7 Examples for pressure pads for grilles ....................................................................................... 28

A.8 Examples of loading equipment for sliding doors, double leaf sliding doors, sliding

windows and shutters ....................................................................................................................... 29

A.9 Examples for hooks ............................................................................................................................ 30

A.10 Gap gauges ............................................................................................................................................. 31

A.11 Examples of mounting arrangements for door sets ............................................................... 33

A.12 Examples of mounting arrangements for windows................................................................ 37

A.13 Examples of mounting arrangements for wing and folding shutters............................... 40

A.14 Examples of mounting arrangements for guide rails and roller shutters into the test

rig .............................................................................................................................................................. 42

A.15 Loading points on door sets (load F3 and F2) in resistance class 1 to 6 ......................... 50

A.16 Loading points on door sets (load F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ....................................... 52

A.17 Loading points on door sets (load F1 and F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ......................... 54

A.18 Loading points on door sets (load F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ....................................... 60

A.19 Loading points on door sets (load F3 and F3.a) in resistance class 1 .............................. 62

A.20 Additional loading points on door sets (load F3.a and F3) in resistance class 1 ......... 63

A.21 Additional loading points on door sets (load F3, F3.a and F2) in resistance class 1 .. 65

A.22 Loading points on windows (loads F1 and F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ....................... 66

A.23 Additional loading points on windows (load F3.a and F3) in resistance class 1 ......... 67

A.24 Additional loading points on double hinged windows .......................................................... 68

A.25 Additional loading points on windows (load F3.a) in resistance class 1 ........................ 69

A.26 Additional loading points on windows (load F3.a and F3) in resistance class 1 ......... 70

A.27 Loading points on windows (loads F1 and F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ....................... 71

A.28 Loading points on a single leaf shutter (load F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ................... 72

A.29 Loading points on a multi leaf shutter (loads F1 and F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ... 73

A.30 Loading points on a multi leaf wing shutter (loads F1 and F3) in resistance class 1 to

6 ................................................................................................................................................................. 74

A.31 Guide rail single test on roller shutters ...................................................................................... 75

A.32 Loading points on roller shutters (load F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ............................. 76

A.33 Loading points on roller shutters (load F2) in resistance class 1 to 6 ............................. 77

A.34 Loading points on roller shutters (load F1) in resistance class 1 to 6 ............................. 78

A.35 Loading points on fixed grilles (load F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 .................................. 79

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A.36 Loading points on moveable grilles (load F3) in resistance class 1 to 6 ......................... 80

A.37 Loading points on roller grilles (load F3.2) in resistance class 1 to 6 ............................. 81

Annex B (normative) Test sequence for static loading test in resistance classes 1 to 6 ........ 83

Annex C (normative) Dislocation of window hardware against the locking direction ........... 84

C.1 General.................................................................................................................................................... 84

C.2 Test criteria ........................................................................................................................................... 84

C.3 Test method .......................................................................................................................................... 84

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................... 87

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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
prEN 1628:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 1628:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 33 “Doors,

windows, shutters, building hardware and curtain walling”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 1628:2011+A1:2015.
Significant changes in this revision are:
a) Updated editions of Normative references;
b) Gap gauge C in Figure A.14 replaced gauge 3 in Figure A.13.

This European Standard is one of a series of standards for burglar resistant pedestrian doorsets,

windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters. The other standards in the series are:

• prEN 1627:2019, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar

resistance — Requirements and classification;

• prEN 1629:2019, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar

resistance — Test method for the determination of resistance under dynamic loading;

• prEN 1630:2019, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar

resistance — Test method for the determination of resistance to manual burglary attempts.

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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
prEN 1628:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies a test method for the determination of resistance to static loading in order to

assess the burglar resistant properties of pedestrian door sets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and

shutters. It is applicable to the following means of opening: Turning, tilting, folding, turn-tilting, top or

bottom hung, sliding (horizontally and vertically), pivoted (horizontally and vertically) and rolling as well

as fixed constructions.

It is acknowledged that there are two aspects to the burglar resistance performance of construction

products, their normal resistance to forced operation and their ability to remain fixed to the building.

This test method does not evaluate the performance of the fixing to the building.

The manufacturer's installation instructions will give guidance on the fixing of the product.

An example for the contents of the manufacturer’s installation instructions is given in Annex A of

prEN 1627:2019.

This document does not apply to doors, gates and barriers, intended for installation in areas in the reach

of persons, and for which the main intended uses are giving safe access for goods and vehicles

accompanied or driven by persons in industrial, commercial or residential premises, as covered by

EN 13241.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 356:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against

manual attack

EN 1303:2015, Building hardware — Cylinders for locks — Requirements and test methods

prEN 1627:2019, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar resistance

— Requirements and classification

prEN 1629:2019, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar resistance

—- Test method for the determination of resistance under dynamic loading

prEN 1630:2019, Pedestrian doorsets, windows, curtain walling, grilles and shutters — Burglar resistance

—- Test method for the determination of resistance to manual burglary attempts

EN 1906:2012, Building hardware — Lever handles and knob furniture — Requirements and test methods

EN 12195-2, Load restraint assemblies on road vehicles — Safety — Part 2: Web lashing made from man-

made fibres

EN 12209:2016, Building hardware —Mechanically operated locks and locking plates - Requirements and

test methods
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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
prEN 1628:2019 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in prEN 1627:2019 and the following

apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
test specimen

complete, fully functioning construction product as detailed in the scope of this standard

3.2
sub-frame

surrounding frame into which the test specimen is mounted in accordance with the manufacturer’s

instructions
3.3
test rig

surrounding substantial steel frame with movable steel supports into which the sub- frames containing

test specimens of various dimensions can be mounted
3.4
load applicator
hydraulic ram or similar loading device that can apply the test forces required
3.5
pressure pad
pad fitted to the active end of the load applicator to spread the load
3.6
locking points

all connecting points between the opening element and the fixed element including the following:

— main lock;
— bolts of additional locks or multi-point locks;
— hinges;
— hinge bolts;
— fixings of fixed elements;
— roller and slide bearings in guides of sliding elements;
— junction of grille bars

Note to entry: Locating wedges are not considered to be building hardware or attachment points unless

they also act as a security claw/dogbolt
3.7
passive leaf

leaf of a multi-leafed window or door, intended to be moved after the active leaf

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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
prEN 1628:2019 (E)
3.8
active leaf

leaf of a multi-leafed window or door intended to be moved first to provide opening

4 Apparatus
4.1 Test rig

The test rig is consisting of a rigid steel frame with movable steel supports into which test specimens of

various dimensions can be mounted, is shown in Annex A - Figure A.5. The stiffness of the rig shall be

such that a 15 kN force applied to any of the defined points and normal to the plane of the frame shall not

cause a deflection of more than 5 mm. The test rig shall not impede the execution of the test.

4.2 Load applicators

The load applicators consisting of a hydraulic ram or similar loading device shall be capable of applying

the required test forces progressively and without shock.
4.3 Hooks
A hook is shown in Figure A.12.
4.4 Straps

Straps shall conform to EN 12195-2 or equivalent and have a minimum tensile strength of 5kN. These

straps may be used to apply some of the loads.
4.5 Pressure pads
Pressure pads and loading equipment are shown in Figures A.6 to A.11.
4.6 Measuring equipment
The measurement equipment is consisting of the following:
a) equipment to display and/or record the forces being applied;
b) a chronometer with seconds display for measuring the loading times;
c) equipment for determining temperature and relative humidity;
d) calliper and/or depth gauge;
e) angle measuring instrument;

f) three gap gauges as shown in Figures A.13 and A.14: gap gauge A shall be 10 mm in diameter, gap

gauge B shall be 25 mm in diameter, gap gauge C shall have an elliptical form with a major diameter

of 250 mm and a minor diameter of 150 mm.

NOTE The various gap gauges detailed in A.10 are used to evaluate the resistance to an applied load. They

represent an acceptable level of deformation of the various products above which vulnerabilities may be exposed.

They are not intended to represent any particular attack method but are used as a simple method to establishing

failure.
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4.7 Sub-frame

The sub-frame shall simulate the support given to the product when installed into a building and shall be

taken into consideration in the manufacturer’s installation instructions. It shall typically consist of the

following:

a) for group 1 to group 4 products, a rectangular metal tube 120 mm x 120 mm x 5 mm or a rectangular

timber frame 100 mm x 50 mm;

b) additionally for group 3 and group 4 products, a steel tube 40 mm x 40 mm x 3 mm; and a base plate

of 8 mm steel, consisting of several segments which shall be removable for the purposes of loading,

if necessary.
See Figures A.15 to A.32.
4.8 Tolerances

Unless stated otherwise in this European Standard, the following tolerances shall apply to the test

equipment:
Load ±5 %
Dimensions < 20 mm ±0,5 mm
≥ 20 to 500 mm ±1,0 mm
≥ 500 to 2 000 mm ±2,0 mm
≥ 2 000 mm ±3,0 mm
Angle ±2°
Time ±1 %
Temperature ±2 °C
Relative humidity ±5 %
5 Test specimen
5.1 General

Each test specimen shall be a functioning product complete with its frames, hardware, guide rails, curtain,

tube, roller box and accessories, as appropriate. When testing roller shutters at least two test specimens

consisting of separate sections of the guide rails shall be supplied for test. These sections shall be 1 m in

length (see Figure A.56).

The test specimen shall be fixed square and plumb and without twist or bend into a sub-frame. The

installation shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions as detailed in Clause 10 of

prEN 1627:2019, including the method of fixing, packing supports, sealing requirements, etc. (see

Figures A.15 to A.63). The sub-frame shall be supported by the test rig so that there will be no movement

of the sub-frame during the test. The sub-frame shall simulate the support given to the product when

installed into a building.

Products that are intended to be installed in orientations other than vertical (e.g. roof lights) may be

installed in the vertical orientation for the purpose of this test.

NOTE 1 The product can be installed directly into a building structure as intended in practice.

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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
prEN 1628:2019 (E)

For the purposes of this standard, the test specimen shall be glazed according to the relevant glazing

resistance class of EN 356:1999, corresponding to the resistance class of the construction product

according to prEN 1627:2019, as shown in Table 1. Security glazing, when used in an insulating glass unit,

is normally positioned on the non-attack side. For the purpose of this test, the glass pane offering the

highest security level shall be positioned on the attack side of the sample. Products shall be glazed in

accordance with the manufacturer’s specification.
Table 1 — Test sample glazing requirements for test specimen
Resistance class Minimum resistance class of glazing according to
EN 356:1999 fitted on the test specimen for testing
purpose
RC 1 N P4 A
RC 2 N P4 A
RC 2 P4 A
RC 3 P5 A
RC 4 P6 B
RC 5 P7 B
RC 6 P8 B

The glazed infilling type fitted on the test specimen shall be the type (or one of the types) used

for classification purposes.

NOTE 2 If a higher grade of glass is used on the test specimens, it may not be possible to assess the use of lower

grade glass within those products without conducting further tests. This is because higher grades of glass can

increase the rigidity of the product.

The test specimen used in this test may also be used for the dynamic test in accordance with

prEN 1629:2019 and the pre-test in accordance with prEN 1630:2019, provided that any damage caused

by these tests will not affect the result of the pre-test.
5.2 Preparation and examination of the test specimen

The temperature of the test specimen shall be maintained between 15 °C and 30 °C for a period of not

less than 8 h prior to test.

The test specimen and sub-frame mounted in the test rig shall be visually examined for damage, defects

or other particular conditions of finish, etc. These shall be recorded.

The top of the sub-frame should be propped local to the locking points, if necessary.

Each test specimen shall be examined and the direction to disengage each locking point shall be noted.

During testing the test specimen shall be closed and locked at the declared closing condition in

accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

All locking hardware that can be disengaged from the attack side without the use of a key or tool shall be

disengaged during all tests.

Products in resistance class 1 shall additionally be prepared prior to the static loading test by removing

all parts on the attack side that can be unscrewed, dismounted or disassembled using the tools described

in prEN 1630:2019, Annex A, tool set A1. Parts must not be damaged during this procedure. The total

time for this preparation procedure shall not exceed 3 min.
The parts removed during this preparation shall be recorded.
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oSIST prEN 1628:2019
prEN 1628:2019 (E)
6 Procedure
6.1 Test room climate
The test room temperature shall be maintained between 15 °C and 30 °C.
The relative humidity in the test room shall be between 30 % and 70 %.
6.2 General

The specified test loads detailed in prEN 1627:2019 shall be applied in the order specified in 7.1 of

prEN 1627:2019 at the various loading points using the load applicator. The ability of the products to

resist static loading shall be assessed by means of a gap gauge, as shown in Figures A.13 and A.14.

The complete test procedure shall be carried out as shown in Annex B.

Details of the hardware shall be recorded and their performance in terms of EN 1303:2015,

EN 12209:2016 and EN 1906:2012 shall be identified, where relevant.

Should the glass break during any tests, the test programme shall proceed with the broken glass in situ.

Adhesive film may be applied to the glass to protect the tester.

When propping is needed, the restraint shall have a nominal contact area of 100 mm by 50 mm and offer

restraint in the opposite direction to the applied load.

Where it is not possible to use the 100 mm by 50 mm prop smaller props may be used. Where a smaller

prop is used, it should be as large as possible (up to 100 mm by 50 mm). The test report shall document

where smaller props are used and the size of the prop.

The prop shall be located as close to the loading point as is practical, but should not give additional

support to the leaf/infill/beading under test.
Fixed construction pr
...

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