Safety of escalators and moving walks - Part 1: Construction and installation

1.1   This draft European Standard is applicable for new escalators and moving walks (pallet or belt type) as defined in Clause 3.
This draft European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to escalators and moving walks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
1.2   This document is not applicable to escalators and moving walks which were manufactured before the date of its publication. It is, however, recommended that existing installations be adapted to this standard.

Sicherheit von Fahrtreppen und Fahrsteigen - Teil 1: Konstruktion und Einbau

1.1   Dieser Europäische Norm-Entwurf gilt für neue Fahrtreppen und Fahrsteige (Paletten- oder Gurtkonstruktion), wie im Abschnitt 3 definiert.
Dieser Europäische Norm-Entwurf behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignisse, die auf Fahrtreppen und Fahrsteige zutreffen, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter Bedingungen von durch den Hersteller vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Fehlanwendungen verwendet werden (siehe Abschnitt 4).
1.2   Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Fahrtreppen und Fahrsteige, die vor dem Datum seiner Veröffentlichung hergestellt wurden. Es wird jedoch empfohlen, dass bestehende Anlagen an diese Norm angepasst werden.

Sécurité des escaliers mécaniques et trottoirs roulants - Partie 1 : Construction et installation

1.1   Le présent projet de Norme européenne est applicable aux nouveaux escaliers mécaniques et trottoirs roulants (à palettes ou à bande) tels que définis à l’Article 3.
Le présent projet de Norme européenne prend en compte tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations et événements dangereux significatifs relatifs aux escaliers mécaniques et trottoirs roulants, utilisés conformément à l’usage pour lequel ils ont été prévus ainsi que dans des cas d’utilisations inappropriées qui peuvent être raisonnablement prévisibles par le constructeur (voir Article 4).
1.2   Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux escaliers mécaniques et trottoirs roulants fabriqués avant sa date de publication. Il est toutefois recommandé que les installations existantes soient adaptées à cette norme.

Varnost tekočih stopnic in tekočih stez - 1. del: Konstrukcija in vgradnja

1.1 Ta osnutek evropskega standarda se uporablja za nove tekoče stopnice in tekoče steze (paletne ali tračne), kot je opredeljeno v točki 3.
Ta osnutek evropskega standarda opisuje vsa večja tveganja, nevarne situacije in nevarne dogodke, ki so povezani s tekočimi stopnicami in tekočimi stezami, kadar se uporabljajo v skladu z njihovim namenom in pod pogoji pričakovane nepravilne uporabe, ki jih določa proizvajalec (glej točko 4).
1.2 Ta dokument se ne uporablja za tekoče stopnice in tekoče steze, ki so bile izdelane pred njegovo objavo. Vseeno se priporoča, da se obstoječe naprave prilagodijo v skladu s tem standardom.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Nov-2015
Publication Date
27-Sep-2017
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
28-Jul-2017
Due Date
02-Oct-2017
Completion Date
28-Sep-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Sicherheit von Fahrtreppen und Fahrsteigen - Teil 1: Konstruktion und EinbauSécurité des escaliers mécaniques et trottoirs roulants - Partie 1 : Construction et installationSafety of escalators and moving walks - Part 1: Construction and installation91.140.90Lifts. EscalatorsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 115-1:2017SIST EN 115-1:2017en,fr,de01-november-2017SIST EN 115-1:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 115-1:2009+A1:20101DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 115-1:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 115-1
July
t r s y ICS
{ sä s v rä { r Supersedes EN
s s wæ sã t r r z ªA sã t r s rEnglish Version
Safety of escalators and moving walks æ Part

sã Construction and installation Sécurité des escaliers mécaniques et trottoirs roulants æ Partie

sã Construction et installation
Sicherheit von Fahrtreppen und Fahrsteigen æ Teil
sã Konstruktion und Einbau This European Standard was approved by CEN on
s May
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s s wæ sã t r s y ESIST EN 115-1:2017

EN 115-1:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 8 1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 10 2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................. 10 3 Terms and definitions, symbols and abbreviations ........................................................................ 12 3.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 12 3.2 Symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................................................... 15 4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 17 4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17 4.2 Mechanical hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 17 4.3 Electric hazards ............................................................................................................................................ 18 4.4 Radiation hazards ........................................................................................................................................ 18 4.4.1 Electromagnetic radiation generated by the machine ................................................................... 18 4.4.2 Electromagnetic radiation received from outside ........................................................................... 18 4.5 Fire hazard ...................................................................................................................................................... 18 4.6 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles in machinery design ...................... 18 4.7 Hazard generated by failure of control circuit .................................................................................. 18 4.8 Hazards generated by break-up during operation .......................................................................... 19 4.9 Slipping, tripping and falling hazards ................................................................................................... 19 4.10 Hazards specific for this type of machine ............................................................................................ 19 4.11 Significant hazards due to seismic events ........................................................................................... 20 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 20 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20 5.2 Supporting structure (truss) and enclosure ...................................................................................... 20 5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20 5.2.2 Angle of inclination...................................................................................................................................... 21 5.2.3 Access to the interior .................................................................................................................................. 21 5.2.4 Inspection covers ......................................................................................................................................... 21 5.2.5 Structural design .......................................................................................................................................... 21 5.3 Steps, pallets, belt......................................................................................................................................... 21 5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21 5.3.2 Dimensions ..................................................................................................................................................... 22 5.3.3 Structural design .......................................................................................................................................... 22 5.3.4 Guiding of steps, pallets and belt ............................................................................................................ 27 5.3.5 Clearance between steps or pallets ....................................................................................................... 27 5.3.6 Missing step or pallet device .................................................................................................................... 27 5.4 Drive unit ........................................................................................................................................................ 27 5.4.1 Driving machine ........................................................................................................................................... 27 5.4.2 Braking system ............................................................................................................................................. 28 5.4.3 Steps and pallets drive ............................................................................................................................... 31 5.4.4 Belt drive ......................................................................................................................................................... 32 5.5 Balustrade ....................................................................................................................................................... 32 5.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32 5.5.2 Dimensions of balustrade ......................................................................................................................... 32 5.5.3 Skirting............................................................................................................................................................. 33 5.5.4 Newel ................................................................................................................................................................ 36 5.5.5 Clearance between steps, pallets or belt and skirting .................................................................... 36 SIST EN 115-1:2017

EN 115-1:2017 (E) 3 5.6 Handrail system ............................................................................................................................................ 37 5.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 37 5.6.2 Profile and position ..................................................................................................................................... 37 5.6.3 Distance between the handrail centre lines ....................................................................................... 37 5.6.4 Handrail entry................................................................................................................................................ 37 5.6.5 Guiding ............................................................................................................................................................. 37 5.7 Landings ........................................................................................................................................................... 38 5.7.1 Surface properties ........................................................................................................................................ 38 5.7.2 Configuration of steps, pallets and belts .............................................................................................. 38 5.7.3 Combs ................................................................................................................................................................ 39 5.8 Machinery spaces, driving station and return stations .................................................................. 39 5.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 39 5.8.2 Dimensions and equipment ...................................................................................................................... 40 5.8.3 Lighting and socket outlets ....................................................................................................................... 40 5.9 Fire protection ............................................................................................................................................... 41 5.10 Transportation .............................................................................................................................................. 41 5.11 Electric installations and appliances ..................................................................................................... 48 5.11.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 48 5.11.2 Contactors, relay contactors, components of failsafe circuits ...................................................... 49 5.11.3 Main switches ................................................................................................................................................. 50 5.11.4 Electric wiring ................................................................................................................................................ 50 5.12 Electric control system ............................................................................................................................... 51 5.12.1 Protective devices and functions ............................................................................................................ 51 5.12.2 Safety devices and functions ..................................................................................................................... 53 5.12.3 Control devices and functions .................................................................................................................. 61 6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ...................................... 67 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 67 6.2 Specific data, test reports and certificates .......................................................................................... 71 7 Information for use ...................................................................................................................................... 72 7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 72 7.2 Signals and warning devices ..................................................................................................................... 72 7.2.1 Plates, inscriptions and notices for use ................................................................................................ 72 7.2.2 Special indicators for escalators and moving walks starting automatically ........................... 73 7.3 Inspection and test ....................................................................................................................................... 73 7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 73 7.3.2 Constructional inspection and acceptance inspection and test ................................................... 73 7.4 Accompanying documents (in particular, instruction handbook) ............................................. 74 7.4.1 Contents ........................................................................................................................................................... 74 7.4.2 Presentation of the instruction handbook .......................................................................................... 77 7.4.3 Advice for drafting and editing information for use ........................................................................ 77 7.5 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 77 Annex A (normative)

Building interfaces ......................................................................................................... 78 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 78 A.2 Free space for users ..................................................................................................................................... 78 A.3 Machinery spaces outside the truss ....................................................................................................... 79 A.4 Measures to prevent access of shopping trolleys and baggage carts ......................................... 80 A.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 80 A.4.2 Barriers ............................................................................................................................................................ 80 A.5 Fixed guiding barriers and traffic columns ......................................................................................... 81 A.6 Electric power supply .................................................................................................................................. 82 SIST EN 115-1:2017

EN 115-1:2017 (E) 4 Annex B (normative)

Electronic components - Failure exclusion ........................................................... 86 B.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 86 B.2 Failure exclusions - conditions................................................................................................................ 86 Annex C (normative)

Drafting and assessing failsafe circuits ................................................................... 90 Annex D (normative)

Testing of failsafe circuits containing electronic components and/or safety related electrical, electronic and programmable electronic devices (E/E/PE) ....... 91 D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 91 D.2 General provisions ....................................................................................................................................... 91 D.2.1 Failsafe circuits containing electronic components ........................................................................ 91 D.2.2 Safety related electrical, electronic and programmable electronic devices (E/E/PE) ....... 91 D.3 Test samples .................................................................................................................................................. 91 D.4 Mechanical tests ........................................................................................................................................... 92 D.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 92 D.4.2 Vibrations ....................................................................................................................................................... 92 D.4.3 Bumping .......................................................................................................................................................... 92 D.5 Climatic stress testing................................................................................................................................. 93 D.5.1 Temperature tests ....................................................................................................................................... 93 D.5.2 Humidity tests ............................................................................................................................................... 93 D.6 Functional and safety test of E/E/PE ..................................................................................................... 93 Annex E (informative)

Design guideline for safety circuits ....................................................................... 94 Annex F (informative)

Examples of possible dynamic torsional tests for steps and pallets ......... 95 F.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 95 F.2 Torsional test 1 ............................................................................................................................................. 95 F.3 Torsional test 2 ............................................................................................................................................. 96 Annex G (normative)

Safety signs for the user of escalators and moving walks ................................ 98 Annex H (informative)

Guidelines for selection and planning of escalators and moving walks ............................................................................................................................................................... 100 H.1 Maximum capacity ..................................................................................................................................... 100 H.2 Escalators or moving walks for public transport ........................................................................... 100 Annex I (normative)

Requirements on escalators and moving walks intended to transport shopping trolleys and baggage carts ................................................................................................... 101 I.1 Escalators ...................................................................................................................................................... 101 I.2 Moving walks ............................................................................................................................................... 102 Annex J (informative)

Determination of anti-slip properties of the tread surfaces of steps and pallets, of comb plates and floor plates ..................................................................................... 103 J.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................. 103 J.2 Testing and assessing anti-slip properties ....................................................................................... 103 Annex K (informative)

Determination of sliding properties of footwear on balustrade skirting ........................................................................................................................................................... 105 SIST EN 115-1:2017

EN 115-1:2017 (E) 5 K.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 105 K.2 Testing and assessing sliding properties .......................................................................................... 105 Annex L (informative)

Major modification .................................................................................................... 106 Annex M (normative)

Escalators and moving walks subject to seismic conditions ....................... 107 M.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 107 M.2 Structural requirements ......................................................................................................................... 107 M.2.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 107 M.2.2 Supports ........................................................................................................................................................ 107 M.2.3 Arrangement ............................................................................................................................................... 107 M.2.4 Mechanical safety devices for escalators and moving walks ..................................................... 107 M.3 Design requirements ................................................................................................................................ 107 M.3.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 107 M.3.2 Truss ............................................................................................................................................................... 107 M.3.3 Mass for the truss of escalators and moving walks ....................................................................... 108 M.3.4 Condition of loading and deformation during a seismic event ................................................. 108 M.3.5 Calculation procedure according to EN 1998-1:2004 .................................................................. 108 M.4 Machinery ..................................................................................................................................................... 108 M.5 Electrical installation and other equipment .................................................................................... 108 Annex N (normative)

Interpretations of EN 115-1 ..................................................................................... 110 N.1 Format of an interpretation request .................................................................................................. 110 N.2 Format of an interpretation ................................................................................................................... 111 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered............................................ 112 Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 113

SIST EN 115-1:2017

EN 115-1:2017 (E) 6 European foreword This document (EN 115-1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 10 “Lifts, escalators and moving walks”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 115-1:2008+A1:2010. The need for a replacement was based on the following points: a) improvement in safety due to changes in proven technology; b) the need to reflect changes to the state of the art; — new structure for electric requirements with clauses for protective, safety and control devices and functions; — requirements for step inserts/fixings; — expansion of operational brake by electrical braking; — update on test material for skirting; — inclusion of fire protection requirements; — introduction of 2-direction-mode; — inclusion of a stop switch indicator; — introduction of inspection control actuated by the use of both hands; — description of barriers to prevent access of trolley; — requirements for fixed devices in the unrestricted area; — inclusion of seismic design requirements; c) incorporation of essential health and safety requirements from the relevant EU Directives; d) elimination of reported errors; e) clarification of the text and incorporation of proposals resulting from interpretation requests 1); f) improvement of the references to other standards according to the progress in that field;

1) Within CEN/TC 10 an interpretation committee has been established to answer questions about the spirit in which the experts have drafted the various clauses of this standard. All such interpretations are published within CEN/TS 115-4 [1] until incorporated by amendment into the standards concerned. SIST EN 115-1:2017

EN 115-1:2017 (E) 7 g) adaption to CEN Guide 414:2014. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directives. For relationship with EU Directives, see informative Annex ZA, which are integral parts of this document. This standard is part of the EN 115 series of standards: “Safety of escalators and moving walks”. EN 115 is currently composed with the following parts: — Part 1: Construction and installation [the present document]; — Part 2: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks; — Part 3: Correlation between EN 115:1995 and its amendments and EN 115-1:2008 [Technical Report]; — Part 4: Interpretations related to EN 115 family of standards [Technical Specification]. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lith

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