Railway applications - Electrical lighting for rolling stock in public transport systems - Part 1: Heavy rail

This European Standard contains performance requirements and recommendations for electrical lighting systems in the interiors of public transport railway rolling stock under all operating and emergency conditions. This European Standard does not address lighting installed in instruments or controls.

Bahnanwendungen - Elektrische Beleuchtung in Schienenfahrzeugen des öffentlichen Verkehrs - Teil 1: Vollbahnen

Diese Europäische Norm beinhaltet Leistungsanforderungen und Empfehlungen für elektrische Beleuchtungs¬systeme, die für Innenräume in Schienenfahrzeugen des öffentlichen Verkehrs für alle Betriebs- und Notfallbedingungen gelten. Diese Europäische Norm befasst sich nicht mit Beleuchtungen von Anzeige- oder Bedienelementen.

Applications ferroviaires - Éclairage électrique pour matériel roulant des systèmes de transport public - Partie 1 : Rail lourd

La présente Norme européenne définit les exigences de performance et les recommandations pour les systèmes d’éclairage électrique à l'intérieur du matériel roulant ferroviaire destiné au transport public dans toutes les conditions d'exploitation normales et de secours. La présente Norme européenne ne traite pas de l’éclairage installé dans les instruments ou dans les commandes.

Železniške naprave - Električna razsvetljava v železniških vozilih za javne prevozne sisteme - 1. del: Železniška vozila za višje osne pritiske

Ta evropski standard vsebuje zahteve in priporočila glede zmogljivosti za sisteme električne razsvetljave v notranjosti železniških vozil za javne prevozne sisteme v vseh pogojih delovanja in izrednih razmerah. Ta evropski standard ne obravnava razsvetljave, nameščene v instrumentih ali krmilnih elementih.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
22-Nov-2017
Publication Date
19-Jan-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
24-Oct-2019
Due Date
29-Dec-2019
Completion Date
20-Jan-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13272-1:2020
01-februar-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 13272:2012
Železniške naprave - Električna razsvetljava v železniških vozilih za javne
prevozne sisteme - 1. del: Železniška vozila za višje osne pritiske

Railway applications - Electrical lighting for rolling stock in public transport systems - Part

1: Heavy rail
Bahnanwendungen - Elektrische Beleuchtung in Schienenfahrzeugen des öffentlichen
Verkehrs - Teil 1: Vollbahnen

Applications ferroviaires - Éclairage électrique pour matériel roulant des systèmes de

transport public - Partie 1 : Rail lourd
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13272-1:2019
ICS:
45.060.01 Železniška vozila na splošno Railway rolling stock in
general
91.160.10 Notranja razsvetljava Interior lighting
SIST EN 13272-1:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13272-1:2020
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SIST EN 13272-1:2020
EN 13272-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 45.060.01; 91.160.10 Supersedes EN 13272:2012
English Version
Railway applications - Electrical lighting for rolling stock
in public transport systems - Part 1: Heavy rail

Applications ferroviaires - Éclairage électrique pour Bahnanwendungen - Elektrische Beleuchtung in

matériel roulant des systèmes de transport public - Schienenfahrzeugen des öffentlichen Verkehrs - Teil 1:

Partie 1 : Rail lourd Vollbahnen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 August 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13272-1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13272-1:2020
EN 13272-1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Requirements for lighting in passenger areas .................................................................................. 10

5 Requirements for lighting in service areas ........................................................................................ 16

6 Measuring equipment, conditions and measuring points ............................................................. 18

7 Further requirements on the design of lighting systems .............................................................. 20

Annex A (normative) Contractual statements - Information and requirements to be agreed

and documented ........................................................................................................................................... 22

Annex B (normative) Definition of the door and access step width requirement for

illuminance measurements ...................................................................................................................... 23

Annex C (informative) Test pulse characteristics ......................................................................................... 24

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2016/797/EC aimed to be covered ........................................... 25

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 28

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SIST EN 13272-1:2020
EN 13272-1:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13272-1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document, together with EN 13272-2:2019, supersedes EN 13272:2012.
The main changes with respect to EN 13272:2012 are:
— technical requirements have been brought in line with the applicable TSIs;
— requirements permitting new lighting technologies.

This series of documents Railway applications — Electrical lighting for rolling stock in public transport

systems consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Heavy rail (this document);
— Part 2: Urban rail.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of Directive 2016/797/EC.

For relationship with Directive 2016/797/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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EN 13272-1:2019 (E)
Introduction

This document sets out the requirements for interior lighting for heavy rail units.

This document was revised following the creation of EN 13272-2 for urban rail vehicles. This document

was re-named to make a clear distinction between heavy rail and urban rail. Additionally, Annex ZA was

updated for the current status of TSIs.
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EN 13272-1:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document contains performance requirements and recommendations for electrical lighting

systems in the interiors of public transport heavy rail units, under all operating and emergency

conditions.
This document applies only to new units.

The application of this document for retro-fitting of existing units is subject to agreement between

Contractors.

This document also defines the requirements for testing and conformity assessment.

This document does not address lighting installed in instruments or controls.

This document does not address the requirements of lighting of boarding aids, e.g. moving entrance

stairs or lifts.

This document does not address lighting installed for indication or effect purposes, including flashing

lights and decorative lighting.

NOTE 1 The requirements for interior lighting for urban rail units can be found in EN 13272–2.

NOTE 2 The requirements for cab instrument lighting for heavy rail units can be found in EN 16186–2.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

IEC 60050-845:1987/AMD1:2016, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary Chapter 845: Lighting

ISO 8995-1:2002, Lighting of work places — Part 1: Indoor
EN 62031:2008+A2:2015, LED modules for general lighting - Safety specifications
EN 62471:2008, Photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems

IEC/TR 62778, Application of IEC 62471 for the assessment of blue light hazard to light sources and

luminaires
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1 General
3.1.1
high speed unit
heavy rail unit designed to operate at speeds equal to or greater than 250 km/h

IEC 60050-845:1987/AMD1:2016 is identical to CIE Publication No. CIE S 017/E:2011.

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Note 1 to entry: The intention is to accord with Commission Regulation 1299/2014 Table 45.

3.1.2
long distance unit
heavy rail unit designed for services other than regional, commuter and suburban

Note 1 to entry: The intention is to accord with Commission Regulation 1299/2014 Table 45.

3.1.3
other unit
heavy rail unit which is neither a high speed unit nor a long distance unit

Note 1 to entry: The intention is to accord with Commission Regulation 1299/2014 Table 45.

3.1.4
unit

generic term used to name the rolling stock; a unit may be composed of several vehicles

Note 1 to entry: This definition is derived from Commission Regulation 1302/2014.

3.1.5
vehicle

railway vehicle that runs on its own wheels on railway lines, with or without traction

Note 1 to entry: This definition is derived from Directive 2016/797/EC.
3.1.6
passenger area
area designed for passenger use
3.1.7
service area
area intended to be occupied by service personnel only
3.1.8
seating area
passenger area intended for seated persons, including wheelchair spaces
3.1.9
standing area

unobstructed part of a passenger area which can be used by standing persons or standing persons at

the location of tip-up seats
Note 1 to entry: This definition is derived from EN 15663:2017+A1:2018.
3.1.10
open gangway
wide gangway designed to be occupied by passengers
3.1.11
gangway
gangway that is only used to pass from one vehicle to another
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EN 13272-1:2019 (E)
3.1.12
vestibule

area between the exterior door(s) and the passenger area designed for access and egress from the

vehicle

Note 1 to entry: In the case of high-speed units, the vestibule is not designed to accommodate passengers.

3.1.13
vehicle access step
first fixed part of the floor threshold inside the vehicle
3.1.14
lamp
light source used for the creation of light in a luminaire

Note 1 to entry: Lamps include tungsten, halogen, fluorescent, electroluminescent, LED, OLED and laser diode

technologies.
3.1.15
luminaire

complete assembly with associated fixings, fittings and electrical connections for the control of light

delivery, excluding the lamp or lamps

Note 1 to entry: A more detailed definition is given in EN 12665, and the ILV item 17–707.

3.1.16
luminance

luminous intensity of the light emitted in a given direction from an element of a surface, divided by the

area of the element projected in the same direction
Note 1 to entry: Unit: candela per square metre (cd/m ).

Note 2 to entry: A more detailed definition is given in EN 12665, and the ILV item 17–711.

3.1.17
luminous flux

quantity derived from radiant flux (radiant power) by evaluating the radiation according to the spectral

sensitivity of the human eye (as defined by the CIE standard photometric observer)

Note 1 to entry: Unit: lumen (lm).
Note 2 to entry: It is the light power emitted by a source.
Note 3 to entry: Adapted from EN 12665.
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3.1.18
Illuminance

ratio of the luminous flux incident on a surface to the area of the illuminated surface

Note 1 to entry: Unit: lux (lx) = lm/m .

Note 2 to entry: Illuminance was previously known as the illumination level or value.

Note 3 to entry: The orientation of the surface may be defined, e.g. horizontal, vertical.

3.1.19
average illuminance
illuminance averaged over the specified surface
Note 1 to entry: Unit: lux (lx).
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from EN 12665.

Note 3 to entry: In practice this may be derived either from the total luminous flux falling on the surface divided

by the total area of the surface, or alternatively from an arithmetic average of the illuminances at a representative

number of points on the surface.
3.1.20
illuminance uniformity

ratio of the least favourable illuminance to the average illuminance within the specified measurement

surface

Note 1 to entry: The least favourable illuminance may be either the minimum or maximum illuminance over all

the measurement points.
3.1.21
correlated colour temperature
CCT

temperature of the Planckian radiator whose perceived colour most closely resembles that of the given

stimulus at the same brightness and under specified viewing conditions
Note 1 to entry: Unit: Kelvin (K).
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from EN 12665.
Note 3 to entry: A more detailed definition is given in ILV item 17–258.
3.1.22
SDCM
standard deviation colour matching

deviation, defined in terms of just perceptible colour differences using ‘MacAdam ellipses’ as defined in

the CIE 1964 colour space

Note 1 to entry: The SDCM scale, runs from 0 to 10, where 1–3 normally covers environments with high

demands on colour matching.

Note 2 to entry: The CIE 1964 colour space, also known as CIEUVW, permits analysis of colour difference using

the SDCM method.
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EN 13272-1:2019 (E)
3.1.23
colour rendering

effect of an illuminant on the reflective colour of objects by comparison with their reflective colour

under a reference light source
Note 1 to entry: Adapted from IEC 60050-845:1987/AMD1:2016.
3.1.24
light loss factor

ratio of the average illuminance of the illuminated surface after a certain period of use of a lighting

installation to the average illuminance obtained under the same conditions for the installation

considered conventionally as new
Note 1 to entry: Adapted from IEC 60050-845:1987/AMD1:2016.
3.1.25
unified glare rating
CIE discomfort glare measure
3.1.26
contractor
organizations responsible for

— the design, manufacture or supply of the lighting system (may also be referred to as the ‘supplier’);

and

— the purchase, installation or use of the lighting system (may also be referred to as the ‘customer’)

3.2 Types of lighting
3.2.1
general lighting
lighting of an interior provided for normal operation
3.2.2
stand-by lighting

lighting condition below the level of general lighting provided for a specified time limit, taking supply

interruptions into account
3.2.3
emergency lighting

lighting provided for a specified minimum time limit when the general or the stand-by lighting fails

3.2.4
reduced lighting

level of illumination as a design feature for passenger comfort and energy conservation

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4 Requirements for lighting in passenger areas
4.1 General lighting
4.1.1 General

The quality of lighting influences visual performance, performance attitude, safety at work and general

well-being.

The lighting for rolling stock in heavy rail systems shall enable a range of visual tasks to be performed.

The requirements to be met by the lighting system are based on the following criteria:

— illuminance;
— uniformity;
— limitation of glare;
— colour temperature and colour rendering.
General lighting shall achieve the values set out in Table 1 or Table 2.

Where agreed between contractors, it is permissible for the general lighting system to adapt to the

ambient lighting, provided that the contribution from the general lighting system plus that from the

ambient lighting achieves the values set out in Table 1 or Table 2.
General lighting shall be provided in normal operation without interruption.

For high speed and long distance units, in the event of loss of the main power supply, general lighting

shall be provided for a period of not less than 10 min.

A lighting system can only satisfy specified requirements if all criteria mentioned above have been

taken into account. Depending on the type and level of the difficulty of the visual task, orientation of

seating, or of the type of accommodation to be lit, priority may be given to one or more of these criteria.

4.1.2 Illuminance and uniformity

Different requirements are made concerning the general lighting for rolling stock in heavy rail systems

according to the service and/or location. Two classes of vehicles are defined: (a) high speed and long

distance units and (b) other units.

a) For high speed and long distance units, the minimum value of the average illuminance and

uniformity requirements shall be in accordance with Table 1.

b) For other units, the minimum value of the average illuminance and uniformity requirements shall

be in accordance with Table 2.

c) By agreement between contractors, the requirements for high speed and long distance units may be

applied to other units.
This concept is taken from Commission Regulation 1302/2014 Clause 4.2.2.10 (2)
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Table 1 — Minimum values of average illuminance
and target uniformity for high speed and long distance units
Location a b
Illuminance Uniformity
E
in lx
Seating areas where no ≥ 150 0,7 to 1,3
additional reading lights are
provided
Seating area with reading ≥ 100 0,7 to 1,3
lights which are switched off
Reading zone, where reading ≥ 150 0,7 to 1,3
lights are provided, with the
general lighting switched off
Side corridors and aisles, at ≥ 50 0,5 to 2,5
floor level
Side corridors and aisles, at ≥ 75 0,5 to 2,5
0,8 m above floor level
e ≥ 75 0,8 to 1,2
Vestibules
f ≥ 75 not applicable
Vehicle access steps
Toilets, general ≥ 100 not applicable
Toilets, wash-basin ≥ 150 not applicable
Steps and stairs ≥ 75 0,8 to 1,2
Standing areas, ≥ 75 0,5 to 2,5
multifunctional areas, open
gangways
Gangways g not applicable
≥ 5
Tables ≥ 150 0,7 to 1,3
The values for illuminance are minimum values and may be increased by agreement
between contractors.

This is defined locally within specific areas of the vehicle, for example seating area

between doors to be evaluated separately from that between the doors and car-end.

Where the average illuminance is greater than 220 lx, the uniformity range 0,7 to 1,5 shall

apply.

In the case of seating areas in dining vehicles, the uniformity requirements shall not apply

and alternative illuminance levels may be agreed between contractors.
With additional but switched-off lighting at the vehicle access step.

Measured at 3 locations to be agreed between contractors, across the central 80 % of the

width of the vehicle access step, according to Annex B (normative).
This is normally achieved by light spillage from adjacent areas.
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Table 2 — Minimum values of average illuminance
and target uniformity for other units
Location a b
Illuminance Uniformity
E
in lx
Seating areas ≥ 150 0,7 to 1,3
Standing areas, open ≥ 50 0,5 to 2,5
gangways
Aisles at floor level ≥ 50 0,5 to 2,5
Aisles at 0, 8 m above floor ≥ 75 0,5 to 2,5
level
c ≥ 75 0,8 to 1,2
Vestibules
d ≥ 75 not applicable
Vehicle access steps
The values for illuminance are minimum values and may be increased by agreement
between contractors.

This is defined locally within specific areas of the vehicle, for example seating area

between doors to be evaluated separately from that between the doors and car-end.

With additional but switched-off lighting at the vehicle access step.

Measured at 3 locations to be agreed between contractors, across the central 80 % of the

width of the vehicle access step, according to Annex B (normative).
If a toilet is included, then the requirements of Table 1 ‘Toilets’ shall apply.

The values of illuminance given in this clause shall be achieved in the different locations in accordance

with the measuring points in 6.5.
4.1.3 Glare limitation

The lighting system shall be designed to minimize glare and to avoid glare from night time reflections in

windows. The glare rating for the lighting system, when calculated using the Unified Glare Rating (UGR)

tabular method set out in ISO 8995-1 shall be not greater than 22.
4.1.4 Correlated colour temperature

The correlated colour temperature of the lamps used for general lighting shall be between 2 800 K and

7 000 K.

NOTE 1 For reasons of visual comfort, colour temperatures above 5 000 K are not advisable.

For lighting system with fixed colour temperature characteristics, the range of correlated colour

temperatures for the lamps in a given part of a unit shall be not greater than 3 SDCM.

NOTE 2 The given part of a unit may be one vehicle of that unit.

In the case of lighting systems with adjustable colour temperature characteristics, the above SDCM

requirement shall apply to the nominal CCT value for all parts of the system.

NOTE 3 An example of an adjustable colour temperature system is a system with lower and upper CCT limits of

3 000 and 5 000 K, achieved by the mixing of two different types of ‘white’ LED.
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4.1.5 Colour rendering

The ability of a light source to render colours of surfaces accurately is important for safety and comfort.

The Colour Rendering Index R of the light sources as defined in IEC 60050-845:1987/AMD1:2016, shall

be ≥ 80 or colour rendering group 1B.
4.1.6 Illuminance in vehicles for night service

In vehicles that are intended predominantly for night service, the lighting shall be arranged to meet

particular requirements concerning minimum illuminance.

— In passenger seating areas, the emergency lighting illuminance requirements of 4.3.3 shall apply.

— In sleeping compartments, individual subdued sleeping lighting should be provided. Where

provided, general light switches shall be internally lit.
4.1.7 Reduced lighting

For energy conservation or for passenger comfort, a proportion of the general lighting may be switched

off or be reduced (for example by dimming the whole or parts of the system) in passenger seating areas.

Where provided, the requirements for reduced lighting shall be as follows:

The minimum lighting requirement shall be the emergency lighting illuminance requirements of 4.3.3.

In passenger access areas (e.g. vestibules, stairways, corridors) the illuminance and uniformity shall be

in accordance with Table 1 or Table 2, as applicable. Where provided for passenger use, general light

switches shall be internally lit.
4.1.8 Lighting control functions

For special tasks, e.g. cleaning and lamp testing, it is recommended that a dedicated switching device is

provided at a place in the vehicle that is convenient to the service people.
4.1.9 Photobiological safety
Lighting systems shall comply with the requirements of EN 62031:2008, Clause 22.

The blue light hazard shall be not higher than risk group 1 (Low-Risk) as defined in EN 62471:2008.

4.2 Stand-by lighting

Stand-by lighting is not mandatory. However, where provided, the duration of stand-by lighting shall be

agreed between contractors. Unless otherwise agreed between contractors, stand-by lighting

illuminance shall be a minimum of 30 % of the general lighting illuminance.
4.3 Emergency lighting
4.3.1 General

Emergency lighting shall be provided to operate in the event of the switching off or failure of general or

stand-by lighting. Luminaires of the general lighting system may be used for the emergency lighting

system.

The emergency lighting shall be designed to enable continued occupation or safe egress from the

vehicle, including the exit route. The emergency lighting shall be designed to illuminate the exit signs

and the associated equipment.

The emergency lighting system shall provide the light necessary to enable passengers to move inside

vehicles and leave vehicles and in particular to recognize the presence of obstacles.

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Where required according to agreement between contractors, the emergency lighting system shall

continue to operate after being subjected to two successive test pulses in accordance with Annex C,

when mounted in a manner representative of its installation in a vehicle. Reduced visibility due to

airborne particles, caused by smoke or dust, should be taken into account in the design of emergency

lighting.

The emergency lighting shall be arranged to ensure that it will be switched on automatically and cannot

be made ineffective by passengers.
4.3.2 Power supply

The luminaires of the emergency lighting system shall be supplied from the energy storage system by at

least one power supply line which is independent from the general lighting system, such that the

emergency lighting remains operational in the event of the failure of the general lighting power supply

line.

NOTE 1 This ensures that the emergency lighting system remains operational in the event of failure of the

general lighting system supply.

NOTE 2 The normal arrangement is one common energy storage system and at least one separate power

supply line for the emergency lighting. Each power supply line has its own circuit breaker arrangement.

The power supply shall be designed so that in the event of a fire, a minimum of 50 % of the emergency

lighting in the vehicles not affected by fire shall be maintained for a period of time not less than 20 min,

or a period of time greater than 20 min by agreement between contractors.
4.3.3 Illuminance

The minimum value of the average emergency illuminance shall be 5 lx at floor level along the centre

line of the escape route.

The minimum value at the vehicle access step shall be 40 lx (when body side door is open).

Safety signs may be made of photoluminescent material conforming to the requirements of DIN 67510

or an equivalent publicly available standard. Where photoluminescent signs are used, the minimum

value of illuminance over the surface of the exit signage shall be 50 lx under general lighting.

NOTE This ensures the correct functioning of photoluminescent materials.
All values shall be measured in accordance with 6.4, 6.5 and 6.6.
4.3.4 Uniformity of illuminance

The uniformity ratio of the emergency lighting, measured along the centre line of the escape route in

accordance with 6.4, 6.5 and 6.6 shall be between 0,15 and 5,0.
4.3.5 Glare limitation

In order to minimize glare effects, the luminance of the emergency luminaires shall not exceed

400 cd/m in the usually visible surface (between 0° and 60° below the horizontal plane of the

luminaire).
4.3.6 Starting performance

The minimum starting performance of the emergency lighting is such that 50 % of the fully specified

illuminance shall be achieved within 5 s, and the fully specified illuminance within 15 s.

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4.3.7 Operating time
The operating time of the emergency lighting shall be ensured for
— high speed and long distance units: at least 3,0 h;
— other units: at least 1,5 h
after the power supply, e.g. the battery charging system, has failed.

The specified times applicable to a fully charged energy storage system under specified conditions shall

be agreed between contractors. Also, by agreement betw
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bahnanwendungen - Elektrische Beleuchtung in Schienenfahrzeugen des öffentlichen Verkehrs - Teil 1: VollbahnenApplications ferroviaires - Éclairage électrique pour matériel roulant des systèmes de transport public - Partie 1 : Matériel de grande ligneRailway applications - Electrical lighting for rolling stock in public transport systems - Part 1: Mainline Rail91.160.10Notranja razsvetljavaInterior lighting45.060.01Železniška vozila na splošnoRailway rolling stock in generalICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:prEN 13272-1oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017en,fr,de01-november-2017oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
DRAFT prEN 13272-1
August
t r s y ICS
v wä r x rä r sâ
{ sä s x rä s r Will supersede EN
s u t y tã t r s tEnglish Version

Railway applications æ Electrical lighting for rolling stock in public transport systems æ Part

sã Mainline Rail Applications ferroviaires æ Eclairage électrique pour matériel roulant des systémes de transport public æ Part

s Grandes lignes

Bahnanwendungen æ Elektrische Beleuchtung in Schienenfahrzeugen des öffentlichen Verkehrs This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiryä It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

If this draft becomes a European Standardá CEN members are bounwhich stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three ofer language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

Recipients of this draft are invited to submitá with their commentsá notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentationä

Warning ã This document is not a European Standardä It is distributed for review and commentsä It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standardä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä prEN

s u t y tæ sã t r s y EoSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Requirements for lighting in passenger areas ..................................................................................... 8 4.1 General lighting ............................................................................................................................................... 8 4.2 Stand-by lighting .......................................................................................................................................... 11 4.3 Emergency lighting ...................................................................................................................................... 11 5 Lighting in service areas ............................................................................................................................ 13 5.1 General lighting ............................................................................................................................................ 13 5.2 Stand-by lighting .......................................................................................................................................... 14 5.3 Emergency lighting ...................................................................................................................................... 14 6 Measuring equipment, conditions and measuring points ............................................................. 15 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15 6.2 Measuring equipment ................................................................................................................................ 15 6.3 Conditions for illuminance measurement .......................................................................................... 16 6.4 Locations for illuminance measurement ............................................................................................. 16 6.5 Measurement of illuminance and glare ............................................................................................... 17 7 Further requirements on the design of lighting systems .............................................................. 17 7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17 7.2 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 17 7.3 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ................................................................................................... 17 Annex A

(normative)

Contractual statements ................................................................................................ 18 A.1 Information and requirements to be agreed and documented ................................................... 18 A.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 A.1.2 Information to be supplied by the purchaser .................................................................................... 18 A.1.3 Items for agreement .................................................................................................................................... 18 Annex B (normative)

Definition of the door and access step width requirement for illuminance measurements ...................................................................................................................... 19 Annex C (informative)

Test pulse characteristics ........................................................................................... 20 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC aimed to be covered .............................................. 21 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 24

oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 3 European foreword This document (prEN 13272-1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry. This document, together with prEN 13272-2, will supersede EN 13272:2012. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are: technical requirements have been brought in line with the applicable TSIs; and requirements permitting new lighting technologies. This series of documents Railway applications — Electrical lighting for rolling stock in public transport systems consists of the following parts: — Part 1: Mainline rail (this document); — Part 2: Urban rail. oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 4 Introduction This European Standard sets out the requirements for interior lighting for mainline rail vehicles. This European Standard was produced following the creation of prEN 13272-2 for urban rail vehicles. This European Standard was re-named to make a clear distinction between mainline rail and urban rail. Additionally, Annex ZA was updated for the current status of TSIs. oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard contains performance requirements and recommendations for electrical lighting systems in the interiors of public transport railway rolling stock under all operating and emergency conditions. This European Standard does not address lighting installed in instruments or controls. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 45545 (all parts), Railway applications — Fire protection on railway vehicles EN 50153:2014, Railway applications - Rolling stock - Protective provisions relating to electrical hazards ISO 8995-1:2002, Lighting of Work Places — Part 1: Indoor CIE 17.4:1987, International Lighting Vocabulary 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 General 3.1.1 high speed train train which is designed to operate at speeds equal to or greater than 190 km/h Note 1 to entry: This includes Class 1 and Class 2 high speed trains as defined in Directive 2008/57/EC Annex I. 3.1.2 conventional train train which is designed to operate at a maximum speed lower than 190 km/h and designed to travel on all or part of the conventional lines of the TEN (Trans-European rail system Network) Note 1 to entry: See also LOC&PAS TSI, §2.2. 3.1.3 passenger area area designed for passenger use 3.1.4 service area area intended to be occupied by service personnel only 3.1.5 seating area passenger area intended for seated persons, including wheelchair spaces oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 6 3.1.6 open gangway wide gangway designed to be occupied by travelling passengers Note 1 to entry: This excludes the gangways that are only to be used to pass from one vehicle to another. 3.1.7 vehicle access step first fixed part of the floor threshold inside the vehicle 3.1.8 luminance L luminous intensity of the light emitted in a given direction from an element of the surface, divided by the area of the element projected in the same direction Note 1 to entry: Unit: candela per square metre (cd/m2). Note 2 to entry: Adapted from EN 12665. 3.1.9 luminous flux

quantity derived from radiant flux (radiant power) by evaluating the radiation according to the spectral sensitivity of the human eye (as defined by the CIE standard photometric observer) Note 1 to entry: Unit: lumen (lm). Note 2 to entry: It is the light power emitted by a source. Note 3 to entry: Adapted from EN 12665. 3.1.10 Illuminance E ratio of the luminous flux incident on a surface to the area of the illuminated surface Note 1 to entry: Unit: lux (lx) = lm/m2. Note 2 to entry: Illuminance was previously known as the illumination level or value. Note 3 to entry: The orientation of the surface may be defined, e.g. horizontal, vertical. 3.1.11 average illuminance Eav illuminance averaged over the specified surface Note 1 to entry: Unit: lux (lx) Note 2 to entry: Adapted from EN 12665. Note 3 to entry: In practice this may be derived either from the total luminous flux falling on the surface divided by the total area of the surface, or alternatively from an arithmetic average of the illuminances at a representative number of points on the surface. oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 7 3.1.12 illuminance uniformity ratio of the least favourable illuminance to the average illuminance within the specified measurement surface Note 1 to entry: The least favourable illuminance may be either the minimum or maximum illuminance over all the measurement points. 3.1.13 correlated colour temperature Tcp CCT temperature of a Planckian radiator whose perceived colour most closely resembles that of the given stimulus at the same brightness and under specified viewing conditions Note 1 to entry: Unit: Kelvin (K). Note 2 to entry: Adapted from EN 12665. 3.1.14 colour rendering effect of an illuminant on the reflective colour of objects by comparison with their reflective colour under a reference light source Note 1 to entry: Adapted from IEC 60050–845–02–59. 3.1.15 light loss factor ratio of the average illuminance of the illuminated surface after a certain period of use of a lighting installation to the average illuminance obtained under the same conditions for the installation considered conventionally as new Note 1 to entry: Adapted from IEC 60050–845–09–59. 3.1.16 unified glare rating CIE discomfort glare measure 3.2 Types of lighting 3.2.1 general lighting lighting of an interior provided for normal operation 3.2.2 stand-by lighting lighting condition below the level of general lighting provided for a specified time limit, taking supply interruptions into account 3.2.3 emergency lighting lighting provided for a specified minimum time limit when the general or the stand-by lighting fails oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 8 3.2.4 reduced lighting level of illumination as a design feature for passenger comfort and energy conservation 3.3 Technical Specification document, describing specific parameter and/or product requirements as an addition to the requirements of this standard 4 Requirements for lighting in passenger areas 4.1 General lighting 4.1.1 General The quality of lighting influences visual performance, performance attitude, safety at work and general well-being. The lighting for rolling stock in mainline rail systems shall enable a range of visual tasks to be performed. The requirements to be met by the lighting system are based on the following criteria: — illuminance; — uniformity; — limitation of glare; — colour temperature and colour rendering. General lighting shall achieve the values set out in Table 1 or Table 2. NOTE

Where set out in the technical specification, it is possible for the general lighting system to adapt to the ambient lighting, provided that the contribution from the general lighting system plus that from the ambient lighting achieves the values set out in Table 1 or Table 2. For high speed trains and conventional trains: — general lighting shall be provided in normal operation without interruption; — in the event of loss of the main power supply, general lighting shall be provided for a period of not less than 10 min. A lighting system can only satisfy specified requirements if all criteria mentioned above have been taken into account. Depending on the type and level of the difficulty of the visual task, orientation of seating, or of the type of accommodation to be lit, priority may be given to one or more of these criteria. 4.1.2 Illuminance and uniformity Different requirements are made concerning the general lighting for rolling stock in mainline rail systems according to the service and/or location. Two classes of vehicles are defined: (a) high speed and conventional trains and (b) other trains. oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 9 a) For high speed and conventional trains, which travel on either or both of the high speed and conventional trans-European rail systems, the minimum value of the average illuminance and uniformity requirements shall be in accordance with Table 1. b) For other trains, the minimum value of the average illuminance and uniformity requirements shall be in accordance with Table 2. Table 1 — Minimum values of average illuminance

and target uniformity for high speed and conventional trains Location Illuminance a Uniformity

Eav in lx
Seating areas where no additional reading lights are provided b
150 0,7 to 1,3 Seating area with reading lights which are switched off b, c
100 0,7 to 1,3 Reading zone, where reading lights are provided
150 0,7 to 1,3 Side corridors and aisles, at floor level
50 0,5 to 2,5 Side corridors and aisles, at 0,8 m above floor level
75 0,5 to 2,5 Vestibules
75 0,8 to 1,2 Vehicle access steps d
75 not applicable Toilets, washrooms
150 not applicable Steps and stairs
75 0,8 to 1,2 Standing areas, multifunctional areas, open gangways
75 0,5 to 2,5 Gangways
5 not applicable Tables

150 0,7 to 1,3 a The values for illuminance are minimum values and may be increased in the technical specification. b Where the average illuminance is greater than 220 lx, the uniformity range 0,7 to 1,5 shall apply. c In the case of seating areas in dining cars, the uniformity requirements shall not apply and alternative illuminance levels may be contained in the technical specification. d Measured across the central 80 % of the width of the vehicle access step by a light placed within or immediately adjacent to it, according to Annex B (normative). oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 10 Table 2 — Minimum values of average illuminance
and target uniformity for other trains Location Illuminance a Uniformity
Eav in lx
Seating areas
150 0,8 to 1,2 Standing areas, open gangways
50 0,5 to 2,5 Aisles at floor level
50 0,5 to 2,5 Aisles at 0, 8 m above floor level
75 0,5 to 2,5 Vestibules b
75 0,8 to 1,2 Vehicle access steps c

75 not applicable a The values for illuminance are minimum values and may be increased in the technical specification. b With additional but switched-off threshold / step lighting. c Measured across 80 % of the width of the vehicle access step by a light placed within or immediately adjacent to it, according to Annex B (normative). The values of illuminance given in this clause shall be achieved in the different locations in accordance with the measuring points in 6.4. 4.1.3

Glare limitation The lighting system shall be designed to minimize glare and to avoid glare from night time reflections in windows. The glare rating for the lighting system, when calculated using the Unified Glare Rating (UGR) tabular method set out in ISO 8995-1 shall be not greater than 22. 4.1.4 Correlated colour temperature The correlated colour temperature of the lamps used for general lighting shall be between 2 800 K and 7 000 K. NOTE For reasons of visual comfort, colour temperatures above 5 000 K are not advisable. 4.1.5 Colour rendering The ability of a light source to render colours of surfaces accurately is important for safety and comfort. The Colour Rendering Index Ra of the light sources as defined in CIE 17.4, shall be

80 or colour rendering group 1B. 4.1.6 Illuminance in vehicles for night service In vehicles that are intended predominantly for night service, the lighting shall be arranged to meet particular requirements concerning minimum illuminance.

In passenger seating areas, the emergency lighting illuminance requirements of 4.3.3 shall apply.

In sleeping compartments, individual subdued sleeping lighting should be provided. Where provided, general light switches shall be internally lit. oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 11 4.1.7 Reduced lighting For energy conservation or for passenger comfort on main line trains, a proportion of the general lighting may be switched off in passenger seating areas. Where provided, the requirements for reduced lighting shall be as follows: The minimum lighting requirement shall be the emergency lighting illuminance requirements of 4.3.3. In passenger access areas (e.g. vestibules, stairways, corridors) the illuminance and uniformity shall be in accordance with Table 1. Where provided for passenger use, general light switches shall be internally lit. 4.1.8 Lighting control functions For special tasks, e.g. vehicle cleaning and lamps testing, it is recommended that a dedicated switching device is provided at a place in the vehicle which is convenient to the service people. 4.2 Stand-by lighting Standby lighting is not mandatory. However, where provided, the technical specification shall set out the duration of standby lighting. Unless otherwise set out in the technical specification, standby lighting illuminance shall be a minimum of 30 % of the general lighting illuminance. 4.3 Emergency lighting 4.3.1 General Emergency lighting shall be provided to operate in the event of the switching off or failure of general or standby lighting. Luminaires of the general lighting system may be used for the emergency lighting system. The emergency lighting shall be designed to enable continued occupation or safe egress from the vehicle, including the exit route. The emergency lighting shall be designed to illuminate the exit signs and the associated equipment. The emergency lighting system shall provide the light necessary to enable passengers to move inside vehicles and leave vehicles and in particular to recognize the presence of obstacles. Where required in the technical specification, the emergency lighting system shall continue to operate after being subjected to two successive shock pulses in accordance with Annex C, when mounted in a manner representative of its installation in a vehicle. Reduced visibility due to airborne particles, caused by smoke or dust, should be taken into account. The emergency lighting shall be arranged to ensure that it will be switched on automatically and cannot be made ineffective by passengers. 4.3.2 Power supply The luminaires of the emergency lighting system shall be powered from the power supply (e.g. energy storage system) by an independent system. This shall ensure that the emergency lighting system remains operational in the event of failure of the dedicated lighting circuit. The power supply shall be designed so that in the event of a fire, a minimum of 50 % of the emergency lighting in the vehicles not affected by fire shall be maintained for a period of time not less than 20 min, or a period of time greater than 20 min according to the technical specification. 4.3.3 Illuminance The minimum value of the average emergency illuminance shall be 5 lx at floor level along the centre line of the escape route. oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 12 The minimum value at the exit threshold shall be 40 lx (when body side door is open). Safety signs may be made of photoluminescent material conforming to the requirements of DIN 67510 or an equivalent publically available standard. Where photoluminescent signs are used, the minimum value of illuminance over the surface of the exit signage shall be 50 lx under general lighting. NOTE: This ensures the correct functioning of photoluminescent materials. All values shall be measured in accordance with 6.2 and 6.3. 4.3.4 Uniformity of illuminance The uniformity ratio of the emergency lighting, measured along the centre line of the escape route in accordance with 6.2 and 6.3 shall be between 0,15 and 5,0. 4.3.5 Glare limitation In order to minimize glare effects, the luminance of the emergency luminaires shall not exceed 400 cd/m2 in the usually visible surface (between 0° and 60° below the horizontal plane of the luminaire). 4.3.6 Starting performance The minimum starting performance of the emergency lighting is such that 50 % of the fully specified illuminance shall be achieved within 5 s, and the fully specified illuminance within 15 s. 4.3.7 Operating time The operating time of the emergency lighting shall be ensured for — rail vehicles of high speed trains: at least 3 h; — rail vehicles of conventional trains: at least 1,5 h; — rail vehicles of other trains: at least 1 h — after the vehicle power supply, e.g. the battery charging system, has failed. NOTE The specified times apply to a fully charged energy storage system under conditions set out in the technical specification. 4.3.8 Location of emergency lighting As a minimum, emergency luminaires shall be located in the following areas: — in each self-contained area, e.g. passenger compartments, toilets, driver’s cab, kitchen, etc.; — adjacent to doors and door steps, particularly at those which are used for emergency exit; — adjacent to the gangway between vehicles, where applicable; — in areas of likely obstructions, e.g. luggage in side corridors, vestibules, etc.; — in the vicinity of interruptions or changes of direction in aisles or side corridors; — at any change of the floor level. NOTE The emergency luminaires in vestibule areas should be located to take account of exit arrangements and the route between vehicles. oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 13 4.3.9 Correlated colour temperature The correlated colour temperature of the lamps used for emergency lighting shall be between 2 800 K and 7 000 K. 4.3.10 Colour rendering The ability of a light source to render colours of surfaces accurately is important for safety. The Colour Rendering Index Ra as defined in CIE 17.4 shall be

80 or colour rendering group 1B. 4.3.11 Maintenance The functionality of the emergency light source shall be readily testable. Where an independent energy storage system is provided, its status shall be readily testable. 5 Lighting in service areas 5.1 General lighting 5.1.1 General In addition to the requirements of 4.1.1 the lighting shall be designed to provide good lighting performance in order to achieve a high degree of safety and comfort for the work intended. 5.1.2 Illuminance For safety reasons, the minimum value of the average illuminance in the whole service area shall not be less than 50 lx. The required values are given in Table 3. Table 3 — Minimum values of average illuminance and target uniformity for service areas Location Illuminance a Uniformity

Eav in lx
Cab, excluding drivers desk
50 0,5 to 2,5 Driver’s desk, general b
75 0,7 to 1,3 Driver’s desk, reading zone b, c
150 0,7 to 1,3 Machinery compartment
50 (adjustable) 0,5 to 2,5 Kitchen, table top
300 0,7 to 1,3 Kitchen, floor
100 0,5 to 2,5 Personnel’s compartment, working desk

300 0,7 to 1,3 a The values for illuminance are minimum values and may be increased in the technical specification. b If a working area within the driver’s cab is provided e.g. for an assistant, its illuminance should not be less than 300 lx. c The area of the reading zone at the driver’s desk is defined in the technical specification oSIST prEN 13272-1:2017

prEN 13272-1:2017 (E) 14 5.1.3 Glare limitation In addition to 4.1.3, the following requirements shall be fulfilled: — in the driver’s cab, reflection in the windscreen caused by the lighting system shall be reduced to a minimum at all normal viewing angles for the driver in the seated position; — special attention shall be paid to avoid the effects of glare on in-cab CCTV monitors, where installed. 5.1.4 Correlated colour temperature Unless contained in the technical specification, for specific areas, e.g. the kitchen area, the required values of 4.1.4 and 4.1.5 shall be met. 5.1.5 Controls for cab lighting Cab general lighting shall be provided on driver’s command in all normal operational modes of the rolling stock (including “switched off”). 5.2 Stand-by lighting For stand-by lighting, the requirements of 4.2 are applicable. 5.3 Emergency lighting 5.3.1 General The emergency lighting shall be designed to enable continued occupation or safe egress from the vehicle. Luminaires of the general lighting system may be used for the emergency lighting system. The emergency lighting system provides the minimum of light necessary to enable personnel to move around and to work inside the vehicle and to leave the vehicle and in particular to recognize the presence of obstacles. A reduced visibility due to airborne particles, e.g. caused by smoke or dust, should be taken into account. 5.3.2 Power supply The luminaires of the emergency lighting system shall be supplied from the energy storage system by at least one dedicated circuit. If the vehicle is not provided with its own energy storage system, the emergency lighting system or luminaires shall be equipped with its own power source. NOTE For driver’s cabs and machinery compartments, it is recommended to use the same lighting system for emergency lighting as for the general lighting. These lighting systems may be switched on and off individually. 5.3.3 Illuminance The minimum value of the average emergency illuminance shall be 5 lx at floor level along the centre line of the escape route. This includes the gangway between vehicles. The minimum value at the exit threshold shall be 40 lx (when body side door is open). All values shall be measured in accordance with 6.2 and 6.3 except for driver’s cabs and machinery compartments, where the full illuminance

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