Double-capped fluorescent lamps - Safety specifications

This International Standard specifies the safety requirements for double-capped fluorescent lamps for general lighting purposes of all groups having Fa6, Fa8, G5, G13, 2G13, R17d and W4.38.5d caps. It also specifies the method a manufacturer should use to show compliance with the requirements of this standard on the basis of whole production appraisal in association with his test records on finished products. This method can also be applied for certification purposes. Details of a batch test procedure which can be used to make limited assessment of batches are also given in this standard.
NOTE – Compliance with this standard concerns only safety criteria and does not take into account the performance of double-capped fluorescent lamps for general lighting purposes with respect to luminous flux, colour,
starting and operational characteristics. Readers are referred to IEC 60081 for such characteristics.

Zweiseitig gesockelte Leuchtstofflampen - Sicherheitsanforderungen

Lampes à fluorescence à deux culots - Prescriptions de sécurité

Spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité auxquelles doivent répondre les lampes à fluorescence à deux culots, d'éclairage général de tous les groupes équipés des culots Fa6, Fa8, G5, G13 et R17d. Spécifie aussi la méthode que le fabricant utilisera pour démontrer la conformité de ses produits aux prescriptions de la présente norme.

Fluorescenčne sijalke z dvema vznožkoma - Varnostne zahteve (IEC 61195:1999)

Ta mednarodni standard navaja varnostne zahteve za fluorescenčne sijalke z dvema vznožkoma za splošno razsvetljavo vseh skupin, ki imajo vznožke Fa6, Fa8, G5, G13, 2G13, R17d in W4.38.5d. Določa tudi metodo, ki naj bi jo proizvajalec uporabil za dokazovanje skladnosti z zahtevami tega standarda na podlagi ocene celotne proizvodnje, in sicer v zvezi z njegovimi evidencami o preskusih končnih izdelkov. To metodo je mogoče uporabiti tudi za certificiranje. V tem standardu so navedene tudi podrobnosti serijskega preskusnega postopka, ki ga je mogoče uporabiti za omejeno oceno serij.
OPOMBA: Skladnost s tem standardom se nanaša samo na varnostna merila in ne upošteva zmogljivosti fluorescenčnih sijalk z dvema vznožkoma za splošno razsvetljavo glede na značilnosti svetlobnega toka, barve, vklopa in delovanja. Te značilnosti bralci najdejo v standardu IEC 60081.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
31-May-2000
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Jun-2000
Due Date
01-Jun-2000
Completion Date
01-Jun-2000

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Zweiseitig gesockelte Leuchtstofflampen - SicherheitsanforderungenLampes à fluorescence à deux culots - Prescriptions de sécuritéDouble-capped fluorescent lamps - Safety specifications29.140.30Fluorescent lamps. Discharge lampsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 61195:1999SIST EN 61195:2000en01-junij-2000SIST EN 61195:2000SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 61195:1995/A1:2000SIST EN 61195:19951DGRPHãþD

NORMEINTERNATIONALECEIIECINTERNATIONALSTANDARD61195Deuxième éditionSecond edition1999-10Lampes à fluorescence à deux culots –Prescriptions de sécuritéDouble-capped fluorescent lamps –Safety specifications Commission Electrotechnique Internationale International Electrotechnical CommissionPour prix, voir catalogue en vigueurFor price, see current catalogueÓ IEC 1999

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Copyright - all rights reservedAucune partie de cette publication ne peut être reproduite niutilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé,électronique ou mécanique, y compris la photo-copie et lesmicrofilms, sans l'accord écrit de l'éditeur.No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized inany form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,including photocopying and microfilm, without permission inwriting from the publisher.International Electrotechnical Commission3, rue de Varembé

Geneva, SwitzerlandTelefax: +41 22 919 0300e-mail: inmail@iec.ch IEC web site
http://www.iec.chCODE PRIXPRICE CODET

61195 © IEC:1999– 3 –CONTENTSPageFOREWORD..........................................................................................................................5Clause1General............................................................................................................................91.1Scope.....................................................................................................................91.2Normative references..............................................................................................91.3Definitions.............................................................................................................112Safety requirements.......................................................................................................132.1General.................................................................................................................132.2Marking.................................................................................................................132.3Mechanical requirements for caps.........................................................................132.4Insulation resistance.............................................................................................172.5Electric strength....................................................................................................172.6Parts which can become accidentally live..............................................................172.7Resistance to heat and fire....................................................................................192.8Creepage distance for caps...................................................................................192.9Lamp cap temperature rise....................................................................................212.10Lamp minimum overall length................................................................................212.11Information for luminaire design............................................................................212.12Information for ballast design................................................................................213Assessment...................................................................................................................233.1General.................................................................................................................233.2Whole production assessment by means of the manufacturer’s records.................233.3Assessment of the manufacturer’s records of particular tests.................................313.4Rejection conditions of batches.............................................................................313.5Sampling procedures for whole production testing.................................................333.6Sampling procedures for batch testing...................................................................33Annex A (normative)Test holder for torsion test for G5 and G13 capped lamps...................37Annex B (normative)Test for lamp cap temperature rise.....................................................39Annex C (informative)Information for luminaire design..........................................................41Annex D (normative) Conditions of compliance for design tests...........................................43Annex E (informative)Information for ballast design..............................................................45Bibliography.........................................................................................................................47

61195 © IEC:1999– 5 –INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION____________DOUBLE-CAPPED FLUORESCENT LAMPS –SAFETY SPECIFICATIONSFOREWORD1)The IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprisingall national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of the IEC is to promoteinternational co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. Tothis end and in addition to other activities, the IEC publishes International Standards. Their preparation isentrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with mayparticipate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaisingwith the IEC also participate in this preparation. The IEC collaborates closely with the International Organizationfor Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the twoorganizations.2)The formal decisions or agreements of the IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, aninternational consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representationfrom all interested National Committees.3)The documents produced have the form of recommendations for international use and are published in the formof standards, technical specifications, technical reports or guides and they are accepted by the NationalCommittees in that sense.4)

In order to promote international unification, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC InternationalStandards transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional standards. Anydivergence between the IEC Standard and the corresponding national or regional standard shall be clearlyindicated in the latter.5)

The IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for anyequipment declared to be in conformity with one of its standards.6)

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this International Standard may be the subjectof patent rights. The IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.International Standard IEC 61195 has been prepared by sub-committee 34A: Lamps, of IECtechnical committee 34: Lamps and related equipment.This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1993 and itsamendment 1 (1998). It constitutes a technical revision.The text of this standard is based on the following documents:FDISReport on voting34A/886/FDIS34A/900/RVDFull information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report onvoting indicated in the above table.This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.Annexes A, B and D form an integral part of this standard.Annexes C and E are for information only.The contents of the corrigendum of August 2000 have been included in this copy.

61195 © IEC:1999– 7 –The committee has decided that this publication remains valid until 2003-09.At this date, in accordance with the committee’s decision, the publication will be·reconfirmed;·withdrawn;·replaced by a revised edition, or·amended.

61195 © IEC:1999– 9 –DOUBLE-CAPPED FLUORESCENT LAMPS –SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS1 General1.1 ScopeThis International Standard specifies the safety requirements for double-capped fluorescentlamps for general lighting purposes of all groups having Fa6, Fa8, G5, G13, 2G13, R17d andW4.3´8.5d caps.It also specifies the method a manufacturer should use to show compliance with therequirements of this standard on the basis of whole production appraisal in association with histest records on finished products. This method can also be applied for certification purposes.Details of a batch test procedure which can be used to make limited assessment of batchesare also given in this standard.NOTE – Compliance with this standard concerns only safety criteria and does not take into account theperformance of double-capped fluorescent lamps for general lighting purposes with respect to luminous flux, colour,starting and operational characteristics. Readers are referred to IEC 60081 for such characteristics.1.2 Normative referencesThe following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text,constitute provisions of this International Standard. For dated references, subsequentamendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, parties toagreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibilityof applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undatedreferences, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of IECand ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.IEC 60061-1, Lamp caps and holders together with gauges for the control ofinterchangeability and safety – Part 1: Lamp capsIEC 60061-2, Lamp caps and holders together with gauges for the control of interchangeabilityand safety – Part 2: LampholdersIEC 60061-3, Lamp caps and holders together with gauges for the control ofinterchangeability and safety – Part 3: GaugesIEC 60081, Double-capped fluorescent lamps – Performance specificationsIEC 60410, Sampling plans and procedures for inspection by attributesIEC 60695-2-1/0, Fire hazard testing – Part 2: Test methods – Section 1/sheet 0: Glow-wiretest methods – GeneralIEC 60921, Ballasts for tubular fluorescent lamps – Performance requirements

61195 © IEC:1999– 11 –1.3 DefinitionsFor the purposes of this International Standard, the following definitions apply.1.3.1double-capped fluorescent lampdouble-capped low-pressure mercury discharge lamp of tubular form in which most of the lightis emitted by a layer of fluorescent material excited by the ultra-violet radiation from thedischarge1.3.2grouplamps having the same electrical and cathode characteristics, the same physical dimensionsand the same starting method1.3.3typelamps of the same group having the same photometric and colour characteristics1.3.4familylamp groups which are distinguished by common features of materials, components, lampdiameter and/or method of processing1.3.5nominal wattagewattage used to designate the lamp1.3.6design testtest made on a sample for the purpose of checking compliance of the design of a family, groupor a number of groups with the requirements of the relevant clause1.3.7periodic testtest, or series of tests, repeated at intervals in order to check that the product does not deviatein certain respects from the given design1.3.8running testtest repeated at frequent intervals to provide data for assessment1.3.9batchall the lamps of one family and/or group identified as such and put forward at one time fortesting to check compliance1.3.10whole productionproduction during a period of twelve months of all types of lamps within the scope of thisstandard and nominated in a list of the manufacturer for inclusion in the certificate

61195 © IEC:1999– 13 –2 Safety requirements2.1 GeneralLamps shall be so designed and constructed that in normal use they present no danger to theuser or surroundings.In general, compliance is checked by carrying out all the tests specified.NOTE – Where testing can become unnecessarily difficult due to the lamp length, methods to alleviate the problemmay be agreed between the supplier and the certification authority.2.2 Marking2.2.1

The following information shall be legibly and durably marked on the lamps:a)mark of origin (this may take the form of a trade mark, the manufacturer's name or thename of the responsible vendor);b)the nominal wattage (marked "W" or "watts") or any other indication which identifies thelamp.NOTE – In some countries, the length of the lamp is marked in place of the wattage.2.2.2

Compliance is checked by the following:a)presence and legibility of the marking by visual inspection;b)durability of marking by applying the following test on unused lamps.The area of the marking on the lamp shall be rubbed by hand with a smooth cloth dampenedwith water for a period of 15 s.After this test, the marking shall still be legible.2.3 Mechanical requirements for caps2.3.1 Construction and assemblyCaps shall be so constructed and assembled to the bulbs that they remain attached during andafter operation.Compliance is checked by the following tests:2.3.1.1

For lamp types using caps G5, G13 and R17d:a)for unused lamps compliance is checked by applying a torque test to the pins, as follows:–the lamp cap shall remain firmly attached to the bulb and there shall be no rotationalmovement between component parts of the cap exceeding an angular displacementof 6° when subjected to the torque levels listed in table 1.

61195 © IEC:1999– 15 –Table 1 – Torque values for unused lampsCap typeTorque valueNmG5G13R17d0,51,01,0The torque shall not be applied suddenly but shall be increased progressively from zero tothe value specified in table 1.The test holders for the application of the torque are shown in annex A. The test holder forthe R17d cap is under consideration;b)following a heating treatment for a period of 2 000 h ± 50 h at a temperature of 120 °C ± 5 °C,the cap shall remain firmly attached to the bulb and there shall be no rotational movementbetween component parts of the cap exceeding an angular displacement of 6° whensubjected to the torque levels specified in table 2.For G13 capped lamps with a nominal wattage greater than 40 W, the heating shall beperformed at a temperature of 140 °C ± 5 °C.Table 2 – Torque values after heating treatmentCap typeTorque valueNmG5G13R17d0,30,60,62.3.1.2

For lamp types using caps Fa6 and Fa8, compliance is checked by inspection onunused lamps.2.3.1.3

For lamp types using cap 2G13:a) for unused lamps the cap shall remain firmly attached to the bulb when subjected to an axial pullof 40 N or a bending moment of 3 Nm. The bending moment shall be applied by holding in auniform manner that part of the glass tubes closest to the cap, the pivot point lying at the capreference plane (mating plane with the lampholder). The pulling force and bending moment shallnot be applied suddenly but shall be increased gradually from zero to the specified value;b) following a heating treatment for a period of 2 000 h ± 50 h at a temperature of 120 °C ± 5 °C, thecap shall remain firmly attached to the bulb when subjected to the pulling forces andbending moments which are under consideration.2.3.2 Dimensional requirements for caps2.3.2.1

Lamps shall use standardized caps in accordance with the requirements ofIEC 60061-1.

61195 © IEC:1999– 17 –2.3.2.2

Compliance is checked by using the gauges shown in table 3.Table 3 – Sheet references of IEC 60061Cap typeSheet numbersIEC 60061-1IEC 60061-3Lamp capsGaugesG13G5Fa6R17dFa82G137004-517004-527004-557004-567004-577004-337006-457006-46A7006-417006-577006-40/7006-40A7006-332.4 Insulation resistance2.4.1

The insulation resistance between the metal shell of the cap and the pin(s) or contactsshall not be less than 2 MW.2.4.2

Compliance is checked by measurement with suitable test equipment using a d.c.voltage of 500 V.2.5 Electric strength2.5.1

This test shall not apply to lamps having caps with internal resistors.2.5.2

The insulation between the shell of the cap and the pin(s) or contacts shall withstandthe test voltage. No flash-over or breakdown shall occur during the test.2.5.3

Compliance is checked with a 1 500 V a.c. voltage of substantially sine-wave form,with a frequency of 50 Hz or 60 Hz and applied for 1 min. Initially, not more than half theprescribed voltage shall be applied; it shall then be raised rapidly to the full value.Glow discharges without a drop in voltage are neglected.2.6 Parts which can become accidentally live2.6.1

Metal parts intended to be insulated from live parts shall not be or become live.2.6.2

With the exception of cap pins no live part shall project from any part of the cap.2.6.3

Compliance is checked by a suitable measuring system which may include visualinspection where appropriate. In addition, there shall be regular daily checks of the equipmentor a verification of the effectiveness of the inspection. See 3.5.4.

61195 © IEC:1999– 19 –2.7 Resistance to heat and fire2.7.1
Insulating material of caps shall be resistant to heat.2.7.2

Compliance is checked by the following test.Samples are tested in a heating cabinet at a temperature of 125 °C ± 5 °C for a period of 168 h.For G13 caps to be used on lamps with a nominal wattage greater than 40 W, the samplesshall be tested at a temperature of 140 °C ± 5 °C.At the end of the test, the samples shall not have undergone any change impairing their furthersafety, especially in the following respects:–reduction in the protection against electric shock as required in 2.4 and 2.5;–loosening of cap pins, cracks, swelling and shrinking as determined by visual inspection.At the end of the test, the dimensions shall comply with the requirements of 2.3.2.2.7.3

External parts of insulating material shall be resistant to abnormal heat and to fire.2.7.4

Compliance is checked by the following test.Parts are subjected to a test using a nickel-chromium glow-wire heated to 650 °C. The testapparatus shall be that described in IEC 60695-2-1/0.The sample to be tested is mounted vertically on the carriage and pressed against the glow-wire tip with a force of 1 N, preferably 15 mm or more from the upper edge of the sample. Thepenetration of the glow-wire into the sample is mechanically limited to 7 mm. After 30 s thesample is withdrawn from contact with the glow-wire tip.Any flame or glowing of the sample shall extinguish within 30 s of withdrawing the glow-wireand any burning or molten drop shall not ignite a piece of tissue paper consisting of five layersspread out horizontally 200 mm ± 5 mm below the sample.The glow-wire temperature and heating current shall be constant for 1 min prior to commencingthe test. Care shall be taken to ensure that heat radiation does not influence the sample duringthis period. The glow-wire tip temperature is measured by means of a sheathed fine-wirethermocouple constructed and calibrated as described in IEC 60695-2-1/0.NOTE– Precautions should be taken to safeguard the health of personnel conducting tests against risk of–

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