Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 13: Requirements for rollers

This document, together with part 1, deals with all significant hazards for earth-moving machinery - rollers when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer associated with the whole life time of the machine (see Clause 4).
The requirements of this part are complementary to the common requirements formulated in prEN 474-1. This document does not repeat the requirements from prEN 474-1, but adds or replaces the requirements for application for earth moving machinery - rollers.
This part of prEN 474 is not applicable for seated ride-on operated rollers with a drum width less than nominal 0,8 m.

Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 13: Anforderungen für Walzen

Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 13 : Prescriptions applicables aux compacteurs

Le présent document traite, avec la Partie 1, de tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs liés aux engins de terrassement -compacteurs, lorsqu'ils sont utilisés normalement et dans les conditions de mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisibles par le constructeur, associés à toute la durée de vie des machines (voir Article 4).
Les prescriptions figurant dans la présente partie viennent en complément des prescriptions communes présentées dans la prEN 474-1. Le présent document ne répète pas les prescriptions de la prEN 474-1 mais en ajoute ou en remplace certaines pour les engins de terrassement - compacteurs.
La présente partie de la prEN 474 ne s'applique pas aux compacteurs à opérateur porté assis dotés d'un bandage de largeur nominale inférieure à 0,8 m.

Stroji za zemeljska dela - Varnost - 13. del: Zahteve za valjarje

Ta dokument skupaj s 1. delom obravnava vsa večja tveganja za stroje za zemeljska dela – valjarje, kadar se uporabljajo v skladu s predvidenim namenom in pod pogoji pričakovane nepravilne uporabe, ki jih določa proizvajalec, v zvezi s celotno življenjsko dobo stroja (glej točko 4).
Zahteve iz tega dela dopolnjujejo splošne zahteve iz standarda prEN 474-1. Ta dokument ne navaja ponovno zahtev iz standarda prEN 474-1, temveč dodaja ali nadomešča zahteve za uporabo strojev za zemeljska dela – valjarjev.
Ta del standarda prEN 474 se ne uporablja za valjarje, upravljane med vožnjo na stroju, s širino bobna, ki je manjša od nazivne vrednosti 0,8 m.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
21-Jun-2017
Publication Date
11-Apr-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-Apr-2022
Due Date
11-Jun-2022
Completion Date
12-Apr-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 474-13:2022
01-maj-2022
Stroji za zemeljska dela - Varnost - 13. del: Zahteve za valjarje
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 13: Requirements for rollers
Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 13: Anforderungen für Walzen
Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 13 : Prescriptions applicables aux
compacteurs
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 474-13:2022
ICS:
53.100 Stroji za zemeljska dela Earth-moving machinery
SIST EN 474-13:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 474-13:2022
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2022
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.100
English Version
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 13: Requirements
for rollers

Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 13 : Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 13: Anforderungen

Prescriptions applicables aux compacteurs für Walzen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 February 2022.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 474-13:2022 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ............................................... 8

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Operator's station ........................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 Operator's controls and indicators ........................................................................................................... 9

4.4 Brake systems for travelling .................................................................................................................... 10

4.5 Visibility........................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.6 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.7 Protective measures and devices ........................................................................................................... 10

4.8 Fuel tanks, DEF/urea tanks, hydraulic tanks and pressure vessels .......................................... 12

4.9 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 12

5 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures .............. 12

6 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 13

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

6.2 Machine safety labels .................................................................................................................................. 13

6.3 Operator’s manual ....................................................................................................................................... 14

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ......................................................................................... 16

Annex B (normative) Remote controls for pedestrian-controlled rollers ........................................... 21

Annex C (normative) Measurement of the hand-arm vibration of hand-guided vibratory

rollers ............................................................................................................................................................... 22

Annex D (normative) Noise test code for vibratory rollers ....................................................................... 30

Annex E (normative) Noise test code for non-vibrating rollers ............................................................... 40

Annex F (informative) Illustrations ................................................................................................................... 47

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending

Directive 95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed to be covered.................................................. 50

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 55

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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 474-13:2022) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151 “Construction

equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2022, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2024.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document partially supersedes EN 500-4:2011.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
For bibliographic references, see EN 474-1:2022.
EN 474 “Earth-moving machinery — Safety” comprises the following parts:
— Part 1: General requirements
— Part 2: Requirements for tractor-dozers
— Part 3: Requirements for loaders
— Part 4: Requirements for backhoe-loaders
— Part 5: Requirements for hydraulic excavators
— Part 6: Requirements for dumpers
— Part 7: Requirements for scrapers
— Part 8: Requirements for graders
— Part 9: Requirements for pipelayers
— Part 10: Requirements for trenchers
— Part 11: Requirements for earth and landfill compactors
— Part 12: Requirements for cable excavators
— Part 13: Requirements for rollers

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

This document supersedes EN 500-4 together with prEN ISO 20500-4. Stage at time of publication of this

document: prEN ISO 20500-4:2022.
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate in the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)
1 Scope

This document together with EN 474-1:2022 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and

events relevant to rollers when used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are

reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A) associated with the whole lifetime of the

machine as described in EN ISO 12100:2010, 5.4.

The requirements of this document are complementary to the common requirements formulated in

EN 474-1:2022. This document does not repeat the requirements of EN 474-1:2022 but supplements or

modifies the requirements for rollers.

This document does not provide requirements for main electrical circuits and drives of machinery when

the primary source of energy is an external electrical supply.
The following significant and relevant hazards are not covered in this document:
— Laser;
— Lightning.

This document does not provide performance requirements for safety related functions of control

system(s).
This document does not deal with towing of trailers.

This part of EN 474:2022 is not applicable for seated ride-on operated rollers with a drum width less than

nominal 0,8 m.

This document is not applicable to rollers which are manufactured before the date of publication of this

document by CEN.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 474-1:2022, Earth-moving machinery — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

EN ISO 3164:2013, Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluations of protective structures —

Specifications for deflection-limiting volume (ISO 3164:2013)

EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane

(ISO 3744:2010)

EN ISO 6165:2012, Earth-moving machinery — Basic types — Identification and terms and definitions

(ISO 6165:2012)

EN ISO 6682:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Zones of comfort and reach for controls (ISO 6682:1986,

including Amd 1:1989)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of

emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field

over a reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010)

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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design

(ISO 13850:2015)

EN ISO 20643:2008, Mechanical vibration — Hand-held and hand-guided machinery — Principles for

evaluation of vibration emission (ISO 20643:2005)

ISO 5006:2017, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s field of view — Test method and performance

criteria

ISO 5353:1995, Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - Seat

index point
ISO 5805:1997, Mechanical vibration and shock — Human exposure — Vocabulary

ISO 10570:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Articulated frame lock — Performance requirements

ISO 15817:2012, Earth-moving machinery — Safety requirements for remote operator control systems

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 474-1:2022, EN ISO 6165:2012,

EN ISO 12100:2010 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
roller

self-propelled or towed machine having a compaction device, consisting of one or more metallic

cylindrical bodies (drums) or rubber tyres, which compacts material such as crushed rock, earth, asphalt

or gravel through a rolling and/or vibrating action of the compaction device
[SOURCE: EN ISO 6165:2012, 4.10]

Note 1 to entry: The wheel bodies (metallic cylinders) can be rubber-coated or fitted with pads.

3.1.1
non-vibrating (static) roller
roller that performs compaction by its static weight
3.1.2
vibrating roller
roller that have a vibrating and/or oscillating mechanism in at least one drum
3.1.2.1
single-drum roller

self-propelled roller with one vibrating metallic cylindrical body (drum) and two rubber tyres

3.1.2.2
tandem roller

self-propelled roller with one metallic cylindrical body (drum) in the front and one in the rear

Note 1 to entry: They can be either static or vibrating and they can be split.
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)
3.1.2.3
combined roller

self-propelled roller with one or more metallic cylindrical body (drum) and more than two rubber tyres

3.1.2.4
three-wheel roller

self-propelled roller with one metallic body (drum) in the front (or rear) and two in the rear (or front)

Note 1 to entry: The drums can be split.
3.1.2.5
pneumatic-tyre roller
self-propelled roller with three or more tyres in the front and the rear
3.1.3
pedestrian-controlled roller

self-propelled compact roller (4 500 kg or less) with one or more metallic cylindrical bodies (drums) or

rubber tyres in which the operating facilities for travelling, steering, braking and vibrating are disposed

in such a way that the intended operation of the machine has to be undertaken by an attending operator

or by remote control

Note 1 to entry: A pedestrian-controlled roller is considered to be non-riding machine in the sense of

EN 474-1:2022, 3.13.
3.1.4
towed roller

roller with one or more metallic cylindrical bodies (drums) or rubber tyres which do not possess an

independent drive system and where the operator's station is located at the towing unit

3.2
operating mass

mass of the base machine, with equipment and empty attachment in the most usual configuration as

specified by the manufacturer, and with the operator (75 kg), full fuel tank and all fluid systems (i.e.

hydraulic oil, transmission oil, engine oil, engine coolant) at the levels specified by the manufacturer and,

when applicable, with sprinkler water tank(s) half full

Note 1 to entry: The mass of an operator is not included for non-riding machines.

Note 2 to entry: Ballast mass at delivery can be included if specified by the manufacturer.

[SOURCE: ISO 6016:2008, 3.2.1]
3.3
operator’s place

area as defined by the manufacturer on rollers other than ride-on, from which an operator controls the

travel and work functions of the roller
4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures
4.1 General
4.1.1 Context

Rollers shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures of this

clause. In addition, the machines shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100:2010 for

relevant but not significant hazards which are not dealt with by this document.
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)
4.1.2 Specific relation to EN 474-1

Rollers shall comply with the requirements of EN 474-1:2022, as far as not modified or replaced by the

requirements of this part.
4.2 Operator's station
4.2.1 General requirements
EN 474-1:2022, 4.3 shall apply with the following modification:

If the operator's position is offset from the space envelope width centreline, then the internal distance

from the seat centreline to the side of the enclosure shall not be less than 295 mm.

EN 474-1:2022, 4.3.1.1, first paragraph shall be replaced by:

The operator’s station of seated ride-on rollers shall be fitted with a cab. This requirement does not apply

to rollers with an operating mass < 6 000 kg; or rollers with an operating mass ≥ 6 000 kg

and < 12 000 kg where either an operator’s cab or a canopy shall be fitted.
EN 474-1:2022, 4.3.1.2 shall apply with the following addition:

EN 474-1:2022, 4.3.1.3, 4.3.1.4 and 4.3.1.5 do also apply to the operator’s place.

4.2.2 Roll-over protective structures (ROPS)
EN 474-1:2022, 4.3.3 shall apply with the following addition:

For ROPS test, the position of the DLV (see EN ISO 3164:2013, 5.2) for machines which have multiple seat

locations and therefore multiple SIPs (see ISO 5353:1995, 5.3.3), the SIP used by the operator in working

mode in the most lateral position (as defined by the manufacturer) shall be used.

4.2.3 Falling-object protective structures (FOPS)

EN 474-1:2022, 4.3.4 applies only for single drum rollers > 6 000 kg. For single drum rollers > 6 000 kg

EN ISO 3449:2008, Level I applies.
4.3 Operator's controls and indicators
4.3.1 General

EN 474-1:2022, 4.5 applies with the additions/modifications in 4.3.2, 4.3.3, 4.3.4.

4.3.2 Emergency stop
EN 474-1:2022, 4.5.2 shall apply with the following addition:

Rollers, except non-remote pedestrian-controlled rollers, shall be fitted with an emergency stop within

the zone of comfort as specified in EN ISO 6682:2008.

It shall stop the movement of the machine. The emergency stop shall be in accordance with

EN ISO 13850:2015 and meet at least the requirements of stop category 1.

NOTE For non-remote pedestrian controlled rollers, the requirements are described in 4.7.1.3.

4.3.3 Controls for towed machines

For towed-rollers, it shall be possible to at least control the on-off operation of the vibration from the

operator's station on the towing unit.
4.3.4 Remote control
EN 474-1:2022, 4.5.7 shall apply to rollers.
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)

EN 474-1:2022, 4.5.7 shall apply for pedestrian-controlled rollers with the modifications/additions in

Annex B.
4.3.5 Controls of ride-on machinery accessible from ground level
EN 474-1:2022, 4.5.9 applies with the following addition:

Ride-on operated machines shall prevent uncontrolled travelling of the machine if the operator is not on

the operator's station.

NOTE This requirement can be achieved by technical means like seat switches, sensors on the armrest, etc. in

conjunction with a time delay.

The delay time before stopping shall be less than the time to reach the hazardous area from operator’s

station.
4.4 Brake systems for travelling
EN 474-1:2022, 4.7 shall apply.
For ride-on machines, EN 474-1:2022, 4.7.1 applies with the following addition:

If a hydrostatic drive is provided, it shall be interrupted when activating the secondary brake.

4.5 Visibility
EN 474-1:2022, 4.8 shall apply with the following addition:
ISO 5006:2017 shall be applied with the following clarification:

For rollers, which can be ballasted and where the operational weight may exceed one of the thresholds

of ISO 5006:2017, Table 2 concerning the height of the test-object, the height of the test object shall be

1,2 m for the rectangular boundary (RB).
4.6 Noise
EN 474-1:2022, 4.13 and 6.3.2 shall apply with the following modifications:

— the noise emission of vibratory rollers shall be determined according to Annex D;

— the noise emission of non-vibratory rollers shall be determined according to Annex E.

NOTE A main source of noise for rollers is also the compaction process.
4.7 Protective measures and devices
4.7.1 Pedestrian-controlled rollers
4.7.1.1 General

EN 474-1:2022, 4.14 shall apply with the additions/modifications stated in 4.7.1.2, 4.7.1.3 and 4.7.2.

4.7.1.2 Handle bar

To prevent dangerous vertical swinging of the steering element (handle bar) of the single-drum

pedestrian-controlled rollers, movement of the handle shall be not less than 0,2 m and not more than

1,4 m above the ground (see Figure 1).
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 1 — Vertical swinging of single-drum walk-behind rollers
4.7.1.3 Protection against crushing

Pedestrian-controlled rollers shall be provided with a device against crushing which is designed to

prevent the operator from being trapped between the machine and an obstacle.

If this device is of mechanical type (see Figure 2), e.g. force actuated protective device, it shall be so

designed to stop the machine in a distance that is less than the total operating range of the device and its

effective operating force shall not exceed 230 N.
NOTE 1 Further guidance on protective devices can be found in EN ISO 13855:2010.

NOTE 2 This device can be of a mechanical type as shown in Figure 2 or provide its function by other means (e.g.

laser scanner, ultrasonic, radar, transponder system). See B.2, first paragraph.
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
a) b)
Key
1 stopping device
a) rollers with handle bar
b) remote controlled rollers
Figure 2 — Position of the protective device on non-riding rollers
4.7.2 Articulated machines
EN 474-1:2022, 4.14.2.3 applies with the following modification:

Rollers with pivot articulated components shall be equipped with an integral, rigid locking device to

prevent pivoting during maintenance and/or transport. The locking device shall meet the requirements

of ISO 10570:2004, but with a safety factor of 1,5 instead of 2 as indicated in ISO 10570:2004, 4.4, second

paragraph.
4.8 Fuel tanks, DEF/urea tanks, hydraulic tanks and pressure vessels
EN 474-1:2022, 4.19 applies with the following exemption:

The requirements for fluid level indicators in EN 474-1:2022, 4.19.1 are not applicable for fuel tanks of

rollers with an operating mass ≤ 2 000 kg.
4.9 Maintenance

EN 474-1:2022, 4.22.2, 3rd paragraph does not apply to compact rollers with an operating

mass ≤ 4 500 kg.
5 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction
measures

Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures of Clause 4 of this document shall be

verified according to Table 1.

Table 1 sets out verification methods which shall be applied for each safety requirement in this document.

Where X(s) is indicated in the table, the corresponding verification method(s) shall be applied.

Table 1 shall be read in conjunction with the corresponding clauses.
Table 1 includes the following verification methods:

a) calculation: to establish that the requirements of this document have been met;

b) visual verification: to establish that something is present (e.g. a guard, a marking, a document);

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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)

c) measurement: to show that the required numerical values have been met (e.g. geometric dimensions,

safety distances, resistance of insulation of the electric circuits, results of physical tests);

d) functional tests: to show that the adequate signals intended to be forwarded to the main control

system of the complete machine are available and comply with the requirements and with the

technical documentation;

e) special verification: by reference to a standard which is mentioned in the corresponding clause.

Table 1 — Verification of safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures

4.1 General X
4.2.1 Operator's station, General requirements X X
4.2.2 Roll-over protective structure (ROPS) X
4.2.3 Falling object protective structure (FOPS) X
4.3.2 Emergency stop X
4.3.3 Controls for towed machines X
4.3.4 Remote control X X X
4.3.5 Controls of ride-on machinery accessible from X
ground level
4.4 Brake systems for travelling X
4.5 Visibility X
4.6 Noise X
4.7.1.2 Handle bar X
4.7.1.3 Protection against crushing X X
4.7.2 Articulated machines X
6 Information for use
6.1 General
Information for use shall be provided in accordance with EN ISO 12100:2010, 6.4.
6.2 Machine safety labels
EN 474-1:2022, 6.2 applies with the following addition:
Clause number
a) Calculation
b) Visual verification
c) Measurement
d) Functional test
e) Special verification
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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)

For ride-on rollers with a drum width less than nominal 1 m a warning decal (see Figure 3) shall be

affixed visible from the operator’s station.
Figure 3 — Warning decal
6.3 Operator’s manual
6.3.1 General
EN 474-1:2022, 6.3 shall apply with the following addition:
— stopping device for non-riding and remote-controlled rollers;
— safety precaution for starting and stopping non-riding rollers;

— instructions for the proper use including cleaning and maintenance of the water sprinkler system;

— additional information concerning the stability of the machine (permissible slope, etc.);

— for rollers with a drum width less than nominal 1 m the tipping angle and the applicable

circumstances on the job-site which have a negative impact on the stability (e.g. height of kerbstone,

dynamic influence);

— for rollers with a drum width less than nominal 1 m additional risk arises while driving close to edges

(e.g. edges of kerbstones, bank, trenches, pothole) by exceeding the edge;

— for remote/pedestrian controlled rollers a description of the operator’s place; additional information

for remote controls:
— data on performance and operating limits;
— instructions on actuation;
— a description of the actuation equipment;

— the instruction handbook shall contain information regarding the assigned operator's location,

and it shall specify if the actuation of controls from the operator's place/station which is on the

opposite side does not correspond with the intended/expected direction of the roller movement;

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SIST EN 474-13:2022
EN 474-13:2022 (E)

— instructions concerning safe operation (changing the battery, cleaning, reflections, encoding,

etc.);
— instructions on action in the event of the occurrence of faults;
— the min
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
01-junij-2017
Stroji za zemeljska dela - Varnost - 13. del: Zahteve za valjarje
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 13: Requirements for rollers
Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 13: Prescriptions applicables aux
compacteurs
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 474-13
ICS:
53.100 Stroji za zemeljska dela Earth-moving machinery
oSIST prEN 474-13:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
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oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 474-13
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2017
ICS 53.100
English Version
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 13: Requirements
for rollers
Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 13:
Prescriptions applicables aux compacteurs

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 151.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 474-13:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
prEN 474-13:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 List of additional significant hazards .................................................................................................... 10

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 12

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.2 Operator's station ........................................................................................................................................ 12

5.2.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 12

5.2.2 prEN 474-1:2017, 5.3 applies with the following modification: ................................................. 12

5.2.3 Roll-over protective structure (ROPS) ................................................................................................. 12

5.3 Pedestrian-controlled rollers .................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.1 Handle bar ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

5.3.2 Protection device against crushing ....................................................................................................... 13

5.4 Operator's controls and indicators ........................................................................................................ 14

5.4.1 Controls for towed machines ................................................................................................................... 14

5.4.2 Remote control .............................................................................................................................................. 14

5.4.3 Cable remote control .................................................................................................................................. 14

5.5 Brake systems ............................................................................................................................................... 14

5.5.1 Braking systems for rollers with ride-on operators ....................................................................... 14

5.6 Noise and vibration ..................................................................................................................................... 14

5.6.1 Noise measurement of rollers ................................................................................................................. 14

5.6.2 Vibration measurement of pedestrian-controlled (hand-guided) rollers .............................. 15

5.7 Fuel tanks, hydraulic tanks and pressure vessels ............................................................................ 15

5.8 Frequent maintenance ............................................................................................................................... 15

6 Verification of safety requirements/measures ................................................................................. 15

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 16

7.1 Warning signs ................................................................................................................................................ 16

7.2 Operation manual ........................................................................................................................................ 17

Annex A (normative) Remote controls for rollers with attending operator ....................................... 18

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

A.2 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 18

A.3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 18

A.4 Safety requirements and measures ....................................................................................................... 18

A.5 Components and equipment .................................................................................................................... 19

Annex B (normative) Measurement of the hand-arm vibration of hand-guided vibratory

rollers ............................................................................................................................................................... 21

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

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B.2 Terminology ................................................................................................................................................... 21

B.3 Quantities to be measured ........................................................................................................................ 21

B.3.1 R.m.s. value of the weighted acceleration ............................................................................................ 21

B.3.2 Frequency analysis ....................................................................................................................................... 21

B.3.3 Time records .................................................................................................................................................. 21

B.3.4 Other quantities to be measured ............................................................................................................ 21

B.4 Measuring equipment ................................................................................................................................. 22

B.4.1 Requirements for the acceleration transducers ............................................................................... 22

B.4.2 Fastening of the acceleration transducers .......................................................................................... 22

B.4.3 Frequency weighting filter ........................................................................................................................ 22

B.4.4 R.m.s. detector ............................................................................................................................................... 22

B.4.5 Calibration ....................................................................................................................................................... 22

B.5 Measurement direction and measurement location ....................................................................... 22

B.5.1 Measurement direction .............................................................................................................................. 22

B.5.2 Measurement location ................................................................................................................................ 24

B.6 Specification of working procedure ....................................................................................................... 24

B.6.1 Operator ........................................................................................................................................................... 24

B.6.2 Other quantities to be determined (forces) ........................................................................................ 24

B.6.3 Operating conditions ................................................................................................................................... 24

B.6.4 Requirements for the test site.................................................................................................................. 25

B.6.5 Measurement procedure ........................................................................................................................... 25

B.7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 26

B.7.1 Reference ......................................................................................................................................................... 26

B.7.2 Description of the object to be measured ............................................................................................ 26

B.7.3 List of measuring equipment .................................................................................................................... 26

B.7.4 Fastening of the acceleration transducers .......................................................................................... 26

B.7.5 Operating conditions ................................................................................................................................... 26

B.7.6 Further specifications ................................................................................................................................. 26

B.7.7 Results .............................................................................................................................................................. 28

B.8 Report of results............................................................................................................................................ 28

B.9 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 28

Annex C (normative) Noise test code for vibratory rollers .......................................................................... 29

C.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 29

C.2 Determination of the A-weighted sound power level ...................................................................... 29

C.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

C.2.2 Measurement surface .................................................................................................................................. 29

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C.2.2.1 Size of the measurement surface ............................................................................................................ 29

C.2.2.2 Microphone positions ................................................................................................................................. 30

C.2.3 Positioning of the machine ....................................................................................................................... 31

C.2.4 Repetition of the test ................................................................................................................................... 35

C.3 Determination of the A-weighted emission sound pressure level at the operators

positions for vibratory rollers ................................................................................................................. 35

C.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

C.3.2 Operator's positions .................................................................................................................................... 35

C.3.3 Enclosed operator's positions ................................................................................................................. 35

C.3.4 Quantities to be determined .................................................................................................................... 35

C.3.5 Microphone position(s) ............................................................................................................................. 35

C.3.6 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 35

C.3.7 Repetition of the test ................................................................................................................................... 36

C.4 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 36

C.4.1 Installation and mounting conditions .................................................................................................. 36

C.4.2 Operating conditions .................................................................................................................................. 36

C.5 Uncertainty ..................................................................................................................................................... 36

C.6 Information to be recorded ...................................................................................................................... 37

C.7 Information to be reported ...................................................................................................................... 37

C.8 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 38

Annex D (normative) Noise test code for non-vibrating rollers................................................................. 39

D.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 39

D.2 Determination of the A-weighted sound power level ..................................................................... 39

D.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 39

D.2.2 Measurement surface ................................................................................................................................. 39

D.2.2.1 Size of the measurement surface ............................................................................................................ 39

D.2.2.2 Microphone positions ................................................................................................................................. 40

D.2.3 Positioning of the machine ....................................................................................................................... 41

D.2.4 Repetition of the test ................................................................................................................................... 42

D.3 Determination of the A-weighted emission sound pressure level at operator's

positions for non-vibrating rollers ........................................................................................................ 42

D.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42

D.3.2 Operators positions ..................................................................................................................................... 42

D.3.3 Enclosed operator's positions ................................................................................................................. 42

D.3.4 Quantities to be determined .................................................................................................................... 42

D.3.5 Microphone position(s) ............................................................................................................................. 42

D.3.6 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 42

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D.3.7 Repetition of the test ................................................................................................................................... 43

D.4 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 43

D.4.1 Installation and mounting conditions ................................................................................................... 43

D.4.2 Operating conditions ................................................................................................................................... 43

D.5 Uncertainty ..................................................................................................................................................... 43

D.6 Information to be recorded ...................................................................................................................... 43

D.7 Information to be reported ....................................................................................................................... 44

D.8 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 44

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending

Directive 95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed to be covered .................................................. 46

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 47

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oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
prEN 474-13:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 474-13:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151

“Construction equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
For bibliographic references, see prEN 474-1:2017.
EN 474 "Earth-moving machinery — Safety" comprises the following parts:
— Part 1: General requirements
— Part 2: Requirements for tractor-dozers
— Part 3: Requirements for loaders
— Part 4: Requirements for backhoe-loaders
— Part 5: Requirements for hydraulic excavators
— Part 6: Requirements for dumpers
— Part 7: Requirements for scrapers
— Part 8: Requirements for graders
— Part 9: Requirements for pipelayers
— Part 10: Requirements for trenchers
— Part 11: Requirements for earth and landfill compactors
— Part 12: Requirements for cable excavators
— Part 13: Requirements for rollers

This European Standard is intended for use in combination with part 1 of the series.

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oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
prEN 474-13:2017 (E)
Introduction
This part of prEN 474 is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered

are indicated in the scope of this European Standard.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C

standard.
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oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
prEN 474-13:2017 (E)
1 Scope

This document, together with part 1, deals with all significant hazards for earth-moving machinery –

rollers when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably

foreseeable by the manufacturer associated with the whole life time of the machine (see Clause 4).

The requirements of this part are complementary to the common requirements formulated in prEN 474-

1. This document does not repeat the requirements from prEN 474-1, but adds or replaces the

requirements for application for earth moving machinery – rollers.

This part of prEN 474 is not applicable for seated ride-on operated rollers with a drum width less than

nominal 0,8 m.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

prEN 474-1:2017, Mobile road construction machinery — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design(ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 3164:2013, Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluations of protective structures —

Specifications for deflection-limiting volume (ISO 3164:2013)

EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure - Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO

3744:2010)

EN ISO 6165:2012, Earth-moving machinery — Basic types — Identification and terms and definitions (ISO

6165:2012)

EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a

reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design (ISO

13850:2015)

EN ISO 20643:2008, Mechanical vibration — Hand-held and hand-guided machinery — Principles for

evaluation of vibration emission (ISO 20643:2005)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in prEN 474-1:2017,

EN ISO 12100:2010 and the following apply.
Earth-moving machinery and their families are defined in EN ISO 6165:2012.

Note 1 to entry: Definitions used in EN and ISO standards referred to in this European Standard are also valid for

this document.
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oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
prEN 474-13:2017 (E)
3.1
roller
see EN ISO 6165:2012, 4.10 and the following

Note 1 to entry: The wheel bodies (metallic cylinders) can be rubber-coated or fitted with pads.

3.1.1
roller for ride-on operators

self-propelled compaction machine with one or more metallic cylindrical bodies (drums) or rubber tyres;

the operator's station is an integral part of the machine
3.1.1.1
single-drum roller

self-propelled compaction machine with one vibrating metallic cylindrical body (drum) and two rubber

tyres
3.1.1.2
tandem roller

self-propelled compaction machine with one metallic cylindrical body (drum) in the front and one in the

rear
Note 1 to entry: They can be either static or vibrating and they can be split
3.1.1.3
combined roller

self-propelled compaction machine with one or more metallic cylindrical body (drum) and more than

two rubber tyres
3.1.1.4
three-wheel roller

self-propelled compaction machine with one metallic body (drum) in the front (or rear) and two in the

rear (or front)
Note 1 to entry: The drums can be split
3.1.1.5
pneumatic-tyre roller

self-propelled compaction machine with three or more tyres in the front and the rear

3.1.2
pedestrian-controlled roller

self-propelled compaction machine with one or more metallic cylindrical bodies (drums) or rubber tyres

in which the operating facilities for travelling, steering, braking and vibrating are disposed in such a way

that the intended operation of the machine has to be undertaken by an attending operator or by remote

control in accordance with Annex A
3.1.3
towed roller

compaction machine with one or more metallic cylindrical bodies (drums) or rubber tyres which do not

possess an independent drive system and where the operator's station is located at the towing unit

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oSIST prEN 474-13:2017
prEN 474-13:2017 (E)
3.2
machine mass
3.2.1
operating mass

mass of the base machine, with equipment and empty attachment in the most usual configuration as

specified by the manufacturer, and with the operator (75 kg), full fuel tank and all fluid systems (i.e.

hydraulic oil, transmission oil, engine oil, engine coolant) at the levels specified by the manufacturer and,

when applicable, with sprinkler water tank(s) half full

Note 1 to entry: The mass of an operator is not included for non-riding and remote controlled machines.

Note 2 to entry: Ballast mass at delivery can be included if specified by the manufacturer.

3.3
hold-to-run control

device by which the operating function is only carried out as long as the control is actuated. The operation

is automatically reset into
...

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