Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Shell-and-tube heat exchangers (ISO 16812:2007)

This International Standard specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the mechanical design, material selection, fabrication, inspection, testing and preparation for shipment of shell-and-tube heat exchangers for the petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries. This International Standard is applicable to the following types of shell-and-tube heat exchangers: heaters, condensers, coolers and reboilers. This International Standard is not applicable to vacuum-operated steam surface condensers and feed-water heaters.

Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie - Rohrbüdelwärmetauscher (ISO 16812:2007)

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Échangeurs de chaleur a faisceaux (ISO 16812:2007)

L'ISO 16812:2007 spécifie les exigences et fournit des recommandations relatives à la conception mécanique, à la sélection des matériaux, à la fabrication, au contrôle, aux essais et à la préparation pour l'expédition des échangeurs de chaleur à faisceaux tubulaires pour les industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel.
L'ISO 16812:2007 s'applique aux types d'échangeurs de chaleur à faisceaux tubulaires suivants: les réchauffeurs, les condenseurs, les refroidisseurs et les rebouilleurs.
L'ISO 16812:2007 ne s'applique pas aux condenseurs de vapeur d'eau et aux réchauffeurs d'eau d'alimentation de chaudière.

Petrokemična industrija ter industrija za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina - Toplotni izmenjevalniki za ohišja in cevi (ISO 16812:2007)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
07-May-2007
Withdrawal Date
17-Mar-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
18-Mar-2019
Due Date
10-Apr-2019
Completion Date
18-Mar-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
01-maj-2007
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2004
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Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Shell-and-tube heat exchangers

(ISO 16812:2007)
Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie - Rohrbüdelwärmetauscher (ISO
16812:2007)

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Échangeurs de chaleur a

faisceaux (ISO 16812:2007)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 16812:2007
ICS:
71.120.30 Prenosniki toplote Heat exchangers
75.180.20 Predelovalna oprema Processing equipment
SIST EN ISO 16812:2007 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 16812
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2007
ICS 75.180.20; 27.060.30 Supersedes EN ISO 16812:2003
English Version
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Shell-and-
tube heat exchangers (ISO 16812:2007)

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie -

Échangeurs de chaleur à faisceaux (ISO 16812:2007) Rohrbüdelwärmetauscher (ISO 16812:2007)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 February 2007.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2007 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 16812:2007: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
EN ISO 16812:2007 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 16812:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67

"Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum and natural gas industries" in

collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 12 "Materials, equipment and offshore

structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries", the secretariat of which is

held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2007, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2007.
This document supersedes EN ISO 16812:2003.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,

Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United

Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 16812:2007 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 16812:2007 without any

modifications.
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16812
Second edition
2007-02-15
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas
industries — Shell-and-tube heat
exchangers
Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel — Échangeurs
de chaleur à faisceaux
Reference number
ISO 16812:2007(E)
ISO 2007
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)
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© ISO 2007

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

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ii © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................. v

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... vi

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 General................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Proposals............................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Drawings and other required data ...................................................................................................... 4

6.1 Outline drawings and other supporting data..................................................................................... 4

6.2 Information required after outline drawings are reviewed ............................................................... 5

6.3 Reports and records............................................................................................................................. 6

7 Design .................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.1 Design temperature .............................................................................................................................. 7

7.2 Cladding for corrosion allowance....................................................................................................... 7

7.3 Shell supports ....................................................................................................................................... 7

7.4 Stationary head ..................................................................................................................................... 8

7.5 Floating head......................................................................................................................................... 8

7.6 Tube bundle........................................................................................................................................... 9

7.7 Nozzles and other connections......................................................................................................... 12

7.8 Flanged external girth joints.............................................................................................................. 13

7.9 Expansion joints ................................................................................................................................. 13

7.10 Gaskets ................................................................................................................................................ 14

7.11 Handling devices ................................................................................................................................ 15

7.12 Hydrogen service................................................................................................................................ 15

8 Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 15

8.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 15

8.2 Gaskets ................................................................................................................................................ 16

8.3 Tubes.................................................................................................................................................... 16

9 Fabrication........................................................................................................................................... 16

9.1 Shells ................................................................................................................................................... 16

9.2 Pass-partition plates........................................................................................................................... 16

9.3 Connection junctions ......................................................................................................................... 16

9.4 Tubes.................................................................................................................................................... 17

9.5 Welding ................................................................................................................................................ 17

9.6 Heat treatment..................................................................................................................................... 17

9.7 Dimensional tolerances ..................................................................................................................... 18

9.8 Gasket contact surfaces other than nozzle-flange facings............................................................ 18

9.9 Tube holes ........................................................................................................................................... 19

9.10 Tube-to-tubesheet joints.................................................................................................................... 19

9.11 Assembly ............................................................................................................................................. 19

10 Inspection and testing........................................................................................................................ 20

10.1 Quality assurance............................................................................................................................... 20

10.2 Quality control..................................................................................................................................... 20

10.3 Pressure testing.................................................................................................................................. 21

10.4 Nameplates and stampings ............................................................................................................... 22

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)

11 Preparation for shipment ................................................................................................................... 22

11.1 Protection............................................................................................................................................. 22

11.2 Identification........................................................................................................................................ 23

12 Supplemental requirements............................................................................................................... 23

12.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 23

12.2 Design .................................................................................................................................................. 23

12.3 Examination......................................................................................................................................... 23

Annex A (informative) Recommended practices........................................................................................... 25

Annex B (informative) Shell-and-tube heat exchanger checklist ................................................................ 27

Annex C (informative) Shell-and-tube heat exchanger data sheets ............................................................ 28

Annex D (informative) Responsibility data sheet .......................................................................................... 39

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 41

iv © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 16812 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and offshore structures

for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 6, Processing equipment and

systems.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 16812:2002), which has been technically

revised.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)
Introduction

Users of this International Standard should be aware that further or differing requirements may be needed for

individual applications. This International Standard is not intended to inhibit a vendor from offering, or the

purchaser from accepting, alternative equipment or engineering solutions for the individual application. This

may be particularly applicable where there is innovative or developing technology. Where an alternative is

offered, the vendor should identify any variations from this International Standard and provide details.

Annex A provides some optional recommended practices.

A bullet (z) at the beginning of a clause or subclause indicates a requirement for the purchaser to make a

decision or provide information (see checklist in Annex B).

In this International Standard, where practical, US Customary (USC) units are included in parentheses for

information.
vi © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 16812:2007(E)
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries —
Shell-and-tube heat exchangers
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the mechanical design,

material selection, fabrication, inspection, testing and preparation for shipment of shell-and-tube heat

exchangers for the petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries.

This International Standard is applicable to the following types of shell-and-tube heat exchangers: heaters,

condensers, coolers and reboilers.

This International Standard is not applicable to vacuum-operated steam surface condensers and feed-water

heaters.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15156 (all parts), Petroleum and natural gas industries — Materials for use in H S-containing

environments in oil and gas production
ASME B 16.5 , Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings
ASME B 16.11, Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
ASME B 1.20.1, Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)
EJMA , Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association

NACE MR0103 , Materials Resistant to Sulfide Stress Cracking in Corrosive Petroleum Refining

Environments
4) th

TEMA Standards Set , 8 Edition, Standards of the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association

1) ASME International, 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990, USA.

2) Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, 25 North Broadway, Tarrytown, NY 10591, USA.

3) NACE International, P.O. Box 218340, Houston, TX 77218-8340, USA.

4) Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association, 25 North Broadway, Tarrytown, NY 10591, USA.

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
annular distributor

additional chamber incorporated into a shell side nozzle to more evenly distribute shell side fluids entering or

exiting the tube bundle
3.2
category A welded joint

longitudinal welded joint within the main shell, communicating chambers, nozzles or transitions in diameter; or

any welded joint within a sphere or within a formed or flat head; or circumferential welded joint connecting

hemispherical heads to main shells, to transitions in diameters or to communicating chambers

3.3
category B welded joint

circumferential welded joint within the main shell, communicating chambers, nozzles or transitions in diameter,

including joints between the transitions and a cylinder at either the large or small end; or circumferential

welded joint connecting formed heads, other than hemispherical, to main shells, to transitions in diameter, to

nozzles or to communicating chambers
3.4
communicating chamber

heat-exchanger appurtenance that intersects the shell or heads of the heat exchanger and forms an integral

part of the pressure-containing envelope
EXAMPLES Sump, annular distributor.
3.5
effective surface
outside surface area of the tubes that contributes to heat transfer
3.6
full-penetration weld

welded joint that results in weld metal through the entire thickness of the components being joined

3.7
heat-exchanger unit

one or more heat exchangers for a specified service that may include alternative operating conditions

3.8
hydrogen service

service that contains hydrogen at a partial pressure exceeding 700 kPa (100 psi) absolute

3.9
item number
purchaser's identification number for a heat-exchanger unit
3.10
nubbin

projection on the flange gasket surface, positioned at the centre of the gasket, used to concentrate the bolt

load on the gasket
3.11
pressure design code
recognized pressure vessel standard specified or agreed by the purchaser
EXAMPLES ASME Section VIII, EN 13445.
2 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)
3.12
seal-welded

tube-to-tubesheet joint weld of unspecified strength applied between the tubes and tubesheets for the sole

purpose of reducing the potential for leakage
3.13
strength-welded

tube-to-tubesheet joint welded so that the design strength is equal to, or greater than, the axial tube strength

specified by the pressure design code
4 General

z 4.1 The pressure design code shall be specified or agreed by the purchaser. Pressure components shall

comply with the pressure design code and the supplemental requirements given in this International Standard.

4.2 Heat-exchanger construction shall conform to TEMA (8 edition), Class R, unless another TEMA class

is specified.

z 4.3 The vendor shall comply with the applicable local regulations specified by the purchaser.

4.4 Annex A includes some recommended mechanical and design details for information.

4.5 Annex B provides a checklist that can be used by the purchaser to ensure that bulletted items in this

International Standard are addressed.
4.6 Annex C provides examples of data sheets.

4.7 Annex D includes a recommended division of responsibility for completing the data sheet.

5 Proposals

5.1 The vendor's proposal shall include, for each heat exchanger unit, completed data sheets such as those

given in Annex C or, if a data sheet is included in the inquiry, a statement indicating complete compliance with

that data sheet.

5.2 Designs that are not fully defined by the nomenclature in TEMA (8 edition), Section 1, shall be

accompanied by sketches that are sufficient to describe the details of construction.

5.3 If an annular distributor is provided, the vendor shall define the type of construction proposed.

5.4 The vendor shall determine the need for, and if required, include expansion joints based on all

conditions supplied by the purchaser. The vendor shall state the type of construction proposed.

5.5 The proposal shall include a detailed description of all exceptions to the requirements of the purchaser's

inquiry.

5.6 For stacked heat exchangers, the vendor shall supply the following components unless otherwise

specified by the purchaser:
a) bolts, nuts and gaskets for interconnecting nozzles;
b) shims and bolting for interconnecting supports.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)

5.7 The vendor shall provide a separate quotation for the following items unless otherwise specified by the

purchaser:

a) a test component consisting of a test ring and gland, in accordance with TEMA (8 edition),

Figure E-4.13-2 or equivalent, for each heat exchanger or group of similar heat exchangers with floating

heads;
b) one spare set of gaskets per heat-exchanger unit.
6 Drawings and other required data
6.1 Outline drawings and other supporting data

6.1.1 The vendor shall submit, for review by the purchaser, outline drawings for each heat exchanger unit.

The drawings shall include the following information:

a) service, item number, project name and location, purchaser's order number, vendor's shop order number

and other special identification numbers;

b) design pressure, test pressure, design temperature, minimum design metal temperature and any

restriction on testing or operation of the heat exchanger;

c) maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) in the corroded condition and at the design temperature

for the shell side and tube side;

d) connection sizes, location, orientation, projection, direction of flow and, if flanged, the rating and facing;

e) coupling sizes, rating and orientation;

f) dimensions, orientation and location of supports, including bolt holes and slots, and the stacking

arrangement;
g) overall dimensions of the heat exchanger;
h) tube-bundle removal clearance;

i) mass of the heat exchanger, empty and full of water, and of removable components with a mass greater

than 25 kg (60 lb) (e.g. removable tube bundle, channel, channel cover and shell cover);

j) specified corrosion allowance for each side of the heat exchanger;
k) references to the applicable code and the purchaser's specification;
l) requirements for post-weld heat treatment;
m) requirements for radiographic examination;
n) requirements for material impact testing;
o) requirements for surface preparation and painting;
p) gasket materials;
q) insulation thickness;

r) location of expansion joints, annular distributors and any other special components or closures;

s) location and orientation of nameplates, lifting lugs, grounding clips or other attachments;

4 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)
t) location of the centre of gravity of the heat exchanger;
u) forces and moments on connections as specified by the purchaser.

z 6.1.2 The vendor shall submit flow-induced vibration analysis, if specified by the purchaser.

6.2 Information required after outline drawings are reviewed

6.2.1 Gasket details, including type and material, shall be shown on a separate drawing. This drawing shall

not be marked with any restrictions for use.

z 6.2.2 Qualified welding procedure specifications and procedure qualification records as required by the

pressure design code shall be submitted for review, if specified by the purchaser.

6.2.3 Upon receipt of the purchaser's review comments on the outline drawings, the vendor shall submit

copies of all detailed drawings. These shall fully describe the heat exchanger and shall include at least the

following information:

a) full views and cross-sectional views with all dimensions and materials sufficient for stress calculations for

each part;
b) bundle details, including the following:
⎯ tube layout,
⎯ tube description and number in each pass,

⎯ number of baffles, cross-baffle cut, layout and orientation in a view that shows the cuts,

⎯ details and locations of all sealing and sliding strips,
⎯ details and locations of tie-rods and spacers,
⎯ details and locations of support plates,

⎯ details of tubesheet and tube holes, including cladding or weld overlay if required,

⎯ gasket drawings,
⎯ details of pass-partition plates;

c) details of each pressure-retaining weld, including weld material, weld nominal thickness, weld location

and applicable non-destructive examination method;
d) details of each weld and weld nominal thickness for non-pressure attachments;
e) complete bills of materials, including the material specification;
f) expansion joint details;
g) details of cladding and weld overlay;

h) weld map for each heat exchanger showing the weld joints, including welding procedure number(s);

i) details of tube-to-tubesheet joints, including procedures for installation, welding, expansion, inspection

and testing;
j) flange-face finish;

k) special installation and maintenance instructions including lifting and handling.

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 16812:2007
ISO 16812:2007(E)

6.2.4 The vendor shall submit for the purchaser's review the following documentation.

a) Mechanical design calculations for all the heat exchanger pressure-retaining components. If calculations

are made on a computer, all input and output data shall be detailed so as to facilitate an understanding of

the calculation procedures. The formulas in the applicable sections of the pressure design code and

TEMA shall be referenced.

b) Design calculations based on seismic, wind, transportation and/or piping loads, if these loads are

provided by the
...

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