Light transmitting single skin profiled plastics sheets for internal and external roofs, walls and ceilings - Requirements and test methods

This document specifies the requirements for light transmitting single skin profiled plastics sheets for internal and external walls, roofs and ceilings. It is applicable to single skin sheets which are used as a single layer or when assembled to form multiple layer construction. It also specifies the test methods and provides for the evaluation of conformity of the sheets.

Lichtdurchlässige, einschalige profilierte Platten aus Kunststoff für Innen- und Außenanwendungen an Dächern, Wänden und Decken — Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Das vorliegende Dokument legt die Anforderungen an lichtdurchlässige, einschalige profilierte Platten aus Kunststoff für Innen- und Außenanwendungen an Dächern, Wänden und Decken fest. Es ist anwendbar auf einschalige Platten, die als eine Lage oder zum Herstellen eines mehrlagigen Aufbaus verwendet werden.
Die Norm legt auch die Prüfverfahren fest und dient der Konformitätsbewertung der Platten.

Plaques d'éclairement profilées, simple paroi, en matiere plastique, pour toitures, bardages et plafonds intérieurs et extérieurs — Exigences et méthodes d'essai

Le présent document spécifie les exigences applicables aux plaques profilées éclairantes simple paroi en matière plastique pour toitures, bardages et plafonds intérieurs et extérieurs. Il s’applique aux plaques simple paroi utilisées en monocouche ou assemblées pour former des constructions multi-couches.
Il spécifie également les méthodes d’essai et traite de l’évaluation de la conformité des plaques

Prosojna profilirana plastična obloga za enojno notranje ali zunanje pokrivanje streh zidov in stropov - Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
14-Jan-2008
Technical Committee
Current Stage
98 - Abandoned project (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Nov-2013
Due Date
16-Nov-2013
Completion Date
11-Nov-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 1013:2007
01-december-2007
3URVRMQDSURILOLUDQDSODVWLþQDREORJD]DHQRMQRQRWUDQMHDOL]XQDQMHSRNULYDQMH
VWUHK]LGRYLQVWURSRY=DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH

Light transmitting single skin profiled plastics sheets for internal and external roofs, walls

and ceilings - Requirements and test methods
Lichtdurchlässige, einschalige profilierte Platten aus Kunststoff für Innen- und
Außenanwendungen an Dächern, Wänden und Decken — Anforderungen und
Prüfverfahren

Plaques d'éclairement profilées, simple paroi, en matiere plastique, pour toitures,

bardages et plafonds intérieurs et extérieurs — Exigences et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 1013
ICS:
83.140.10 Filmi in folije Films and sheets
91.060.01 Stavbni elementi na splošno Elements of buildings in
general
oSIST prEN 1013:2007 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN 1013
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2007
ICS Will supersede EN 1013-1:1997, EN 1013-2:1998, EN
1013-3:1997, EN 1013-4:2000, EN 1013-5:2000
English Version
Light transmitting single skin profiled plastics sheets for internal
and external roofs, walls and ceilings - Requirements and test
methods

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 128.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language

made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2007 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 1013:2007: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................4

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................4

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................4

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................6

4 Symbols and abbreviations ..................................................................................................................6

4.1 Symbols ..................................................................................................................................................6

4.2 Abbreviations.........................................................................................................................................6

5 Requirements.........................................................................................................................................7

5.1 Visual appearance .................................................................................................................................7

5.2 Dimensional tolerances and mass per square metre ........................................................................7

5.3 Light transmission.................................................................................................................................8

5.4 Flexural/tensile strength .......................................................................................................................8

5.5 Durability ................................................................................................................................................9

5.6 Thermal ageing resistance (only for thermoplastic sheets) ...........................................................10

5.7 Longitudinal reversion and profile retention (only for thermoplastic sheets) ..............................10

5.8 Impact resistance.................................................................................................................................10

5.9 Resistance to deflection (mechanical resistance) ...........................................................................11

5.10 Water vapour permeability..................................................................................................................11

5.11 Water/air permeability .........................................................................................................................11

5.12 Linear thermal expansion ...................................................................................................................12

5.13 Reaction to fire.....................................................................................................................................12

5.14 External fire performance ...................................................................................................................13

5.15 Glass-fibre content (only for glass-fibre reinforced sheets)...........................................................13

5.16 Barcol hardness (only for glass-fibre reinforced sheets) ...............................................................13

5.17 Presence of protective coating ..........................................................................................................13

5.18 Adhesion of surface coating (only for glass-fibre reinforced sheets) ...........................................14

5.19 Resistance to fixings...........................................................................................................................14

6 Test methods........................................................................................................................................14

6.1 Dimensional tolerances ......................................................................................................................14

6.2 Light transmission...............................................................................................................................17

6.3 Artificial ageing test method ..............................................................................................................17

6.4 Yellowness index.................................................................................................................................18

6.5 Flexural/tensile strength .....................................................................................................................19

6.6 Thermal ageing resistance .................................................................................................................19

6.7 Longitudinal reversion and profile retention ....................................................................................20

6.8 Impact resistance.................................................................................................................................22

6.9 Resistance to deflection .....................................................................................................................24

6.10 Reaction to fire.....................................................................................................................................27

6.11 External fire performance ...................................................................................................................29

6.12 Glass-fibre content ..............................................................................................................................30

6.13 Barcol hardness...................................................................................................................................30

6.14 Presence of protective coating ..........................................................................................................30

6.15 Adhesion of surface coating ..............................................................................................................33

7 Evaluation of conformity.....................................................................................................................34

7.1 General..................................................................................................................................................34

7.2 Initial type testing ................................................................................................................................34

7.3 Factory production control (FPC) ......................................................................................................36

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)

8 Marking and labelling..........................................................................................................................39

Annex A (normative) Profile terminology.......................................................................................................40

A.1 Non-sinusoidal profiles.......................................................................................................................40

A.2 Sinusoidal profile ................................................................................................................................41

A.3 Minimum information to be declared ................................................................................................41

Annex B (normative) Glass content by density of laminate.........................................................................42

B.1 Determination of density of laminate constituents..........................................................................42

B.2 Test specimens....................................................................................................................................42

B.3 Procedure.............................................................................................................................................42

Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU

Construction Products Directive .......................................................................................................44

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ...................................................................................................44

ZA.2 Procedures for the attestation of conformity of light transmitting single skin profiled

plastics sheets.....................................................................................................................................46

ZA.3 CE marking and labelling....................................................................................................................49

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................52

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)
Foreword

This document (prEN 1013:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 128 “Roof covering

products for discontinuous laying and products for wall cladding”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.

This document will supersede EN 1013-1:1997, EN 1013-2:1998, EN 1013-3:1997, EN 1013-4:2000,

EN 1013-5:2000.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

Introduction

This document describes the requirements and test methods for light transmitting single skin profiled plastics

sheets.

The physical properties of light transmitting single skin profiled plastics sheets differ from bituminous, metal

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

and fibre reinforced cement sheets, as defined in EN 534 , EN 506 , EN 508-1 , EN 508-2 , EN 508-3 or

[6]

EN 494 . They do not necessarily have the same span capabilities and alternative fixing specifications are

generally required.

Reference should be made to national regulations and manufacturer literature for requirements concerning

design, storage and installation, including all safety aspects, according to the material.

1 Scope

This document specifies the requirements for light transmitting single skin profiled plastics sheets for internal

and external walls, roofs and ceilings. It is applicable to single skin sheets which are used as a single layer or

when assembled to form multiple layer construction.

It also specifies the test methods and provides for the evaluation of conformity of the sheets.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 59, Glass reinforced plastics — Measurement of hardness by means of a Barcol impressor

ENV 1187, Test methods for external fire exposure to roofs
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)

EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 1: Classification using

test data from reaction to fire tests

EN 13501-5, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 5: Classification using

test data from external fire exposure to roof tests

EN 13823, Reaction to fire tests for building products — Building products excluding floorings exposed to the

thermal attack by a single burning item
EN ISO 178, Plastics — Determination of flexural properties (ISO 178:1993)
EN ISO 472, Plastics — Vocabulary (ISO 472:1999)

EN ISO 527-1, Plastics —Determination of tensile properties — Part 1: General principles (ISO 527-1:1993)

EN ISO 527-2, Plastics — Determination of tensile properties — Part 2: Test conditions for moulding and

extrusion plastics (ISO 527-2:1993)

EN ISO 1043-1, Plastics — Symbols and abbreviated terms — Part 1: Basic polymers and their special

characteristics (ISO 1043-1:2001)

EN ISO 1043-2, Plastics — Symbols and abbreviated terms — Part 2: Fillers and reinforced materials (ISO

1043-2:2000)

EN ISO 1172:1999, Textile-glass-reinforced plastics — Prepregs, moulding compounds and laminates.

Determination of the textile-glass and mineral-filler content — Calcination methods (ISO 1172:1996)

EN ISO 4892-1:2000, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 1: General guidance

(ISO 4892-1:1999)

EN ISO 4892-2:1999, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 2: Xenon-arc

sources (ISO 4892-2:1994)

EN ISO 6603-1, Plastics — Determination of puncture impact behaviour of rigid plastics — Part 1:

Non-instrumented impact testing (ISO 6603-1:2000)
EN ISO 9001:2000, Quality management systems — Requirements (ISO 9001:2000)

EN ISO 11925-2, Reaction to fire tests — Ignitability of building products subjected to direct impingement of

flame — Part 2: Single-flame source test (ISO 11925-2)

EN ISO 12572, Hygrothermal performance of building materials and products — Determination of water

vapour transmission properties (ISO 12572:2001)

EN ISO 13468-1, Plastics — Determination of the total luminous transmittance of transparent materials —

Part 1: Single-beam instrument (ISO 13468-1:1996)

EN ISO 14125, Fibre-reinforced plastic composites — Determination of flexural properties (ISO 14125:1998)

ISO 11359-2, Plastics — Thermomechanical analysis (TMA) — Part 2: Determination of coefficient of linear

expansion and glass transition temperature for plastics

ISO 13468-2, Plastics — Determination of the total luminous transmittance of transparent materials —

Part 2: Double-beam instrument.
ISO/CIE 10526, CIE standard illuminants for colorimetry
ISO/CIE 10527, CIE standard colorimetric observers
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 472, EN ISO 1043-1,

EN ISO 1043-2 and Annex A and the following apply.
3.1
initial type testing

testing performed to demonstrate compliance with this document, and which is performed with the introduction

of a new product and/or a fundamental change in formulation and/or method of manufacture and/or change in

product design or whenever significant change of property can be expected
3.2
factory production control testing

testing performed on samples drawn either from continuous production or from a delivery, to establish whether

a batch of products conforms to this specification
3.3
yellowness

deviation in chroma from whiteness or water-whiteness in the dominant wavelength range from 570 nm to

580 nm
3.4
yellowness index
magnitude in yellowness relative to CIE standard illuminant D 65 (ISO/CIE 10526)
4 Symbols and abbreviations
4.1 Symbols
A class for the exposure to artificial ageing
E total radiant energy applied during ageing
I class for the impact resistance
YI yellowness index of a test specimen exposed to ageing
YI yellowness index of a test specimen unexposed to ageing
∆YI change of the yellowness index after ageing
4.2 Abbreviations
FPC factory production control
GRA glass-fibre reinforced acrylic (PMMA)
GRP glass-fibre reinforced polyester
ITT initial type testing
PC polycarbonate
PET poly(ethylene terephthalate)
PMMA poly(methyl methacrylate)
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)
PVC-U unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride)
PVF poly(vinyl fluoride)
5 Requirements
5.1 Visual appearance

Both sides of the sheets shall be of regular appearance. Visual or tactile examination shall reveal no evidence

of any hole, cracking, splitting or cluster of bubbles greater than 1 mm in diameter, or inclusions that are likely

to affect properties. For GRP sheets, any defects such as resin ribs, glass folds or glass knots shall not

exceed 5 mm in size.
The edges of the sheet shall be straight and clean.

Further requirements concerning the visual aspects of the sheets are to be agreed upon between the

manufacturer and the customer.

The manufacturer may declare the sheet as diffusing or non diffusing depending on whether the image of an

object placed 1 m behind the sheet appears blurred or sharp, respectively.
5.2 Dimensional tolerances and mass per square metre

The dimensional tolerances and mass per square metre shall be assessed when subject to regulatory

requirement and may be assessed otherwise.

When measured in accordance with the test methods as specified in Table 1, the dimensional tolerances and

mass per square metre of the sheets shall conform to the requirements given in Table 1.

The test methods given in Table 1 are used for initial type testing, and are the reference test methods. The

manufacturer may choose any method for factory production control purposes provided that it is sufficiently

accurate to ensure that the dimensions of the products meet the requirement of this document.

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)
Table 1 — Dimensional tolerances and mass per square metre requirements
Test
Characteristic Requirement
method
The manufacturer shall declare the nominal thickness of the
profiled sheet. The mean value of the thickness of the profiled
sheet shall not vary by more than ± 10 % of this value.
Sheet thickness 6.1.4
The sheet thickness at any point of a sheet including crown, trough
and sides of corrugation shall not vary by more than ± 20 % from
the nominal thickness of the profiled sheet, declared by the
manufacturer.
Manufacturers shall control the mass per square metre of the
material in flat form, prior to profiling, which is the reference value.
Manufacturers shall declare this value, and may also declare the
Mass per square mass per linear metre of profiled sheet, which can be calculated
6.1.5
metre from the mass per square metre of the material in flat form.
The mean value of the mass per square metre shall not vary by
more than ± 10 % of the nominal mass per square metre declared
by the manufacturer.
The measured cover width shall be within ± 0,8 % of the nominal
Cover width 6.1.6
cover width as declared by the manufacturer.
When it is intended that the profile of the sheets shall match the

Shape of the sheet shape of a dissimilar material (e.g. metal or fibre cement), the

6.1.7
profile shape of the profile shall match the nominal shape with a maximum
tolerance (deviation) at any point of 4 mm.
The sheet length shall be within the interval from:
0 mm to + 20 mm of the sheet length as declared by the
Sheet length 6.1.8
manufacturer, for sheet length up to 2,5 m;
0 % to + 0,8 % for sheet length greater than 2,5 m.
The sheet straightness shall be less than or equal to 2,0 mm/m
Sheet straightness 6.1.9
length.
Squareness of a The out of squareness of a sheet shall be less than or equal to
6.1.10
sheet 0,5 % of the cover width as declared by the manufacturer.
5.3 Light transmission

The total luminous transmittance shall be determined by testing five samples in accordance with 6.2 and

calculating the mean value. The manufacturer shall declare the total luminous transmittance based on the

mean value and the mean value of subsequent measurements shall be within ± 5 % of the declared value.

5.4 Flexural/tensile strength

The flexural/tensile strength shall be assessed when subject to regulatory requirement and may be assessed

otherwise.

The flexural strength and flexural modulus or the tensile strength and Young's modulus, as applicable, of the

material of the sheets shall be measured in accordance with 6.5.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)

The manufacturer shall declare the flexural strength and flexural modulus or the tensile strength and Young's

modulus, as applicable, based on the mean values and any subsequent measurement shall be a minimum of

80 % of the declared value.
5.5 Durability
5.5.1 General

The durability shall be assessed when subject to regulatory requirement and may be assessed otherwise.

The durability of profiled sheets shall be demonstrated by testing the variations after artificial ageing of the

yellowness index, light transmission and flexural/tensile strength and declaring the results according to 5.5.3,

5.5.4 and 5.5.5, respectively.
5.5.2 Artificial ageing performance

Artificial ageing shall be carried out in accordance with 6.3 using one or more of the classes given in Table 2.

Table 2 — Artificial ageing classification
Global irradiance
Class (300 nm to 3 000 nm)
GJ/m
18 ≤ E
A 10 ≤ E < 18
2 6 ≤ E < 10
3 4 ≤ E < 6
5.5.3 Variation of the yellowness index after artificial ageing

Variation of the yellowness index after artificial ageing shall be assessed when subject to regulatory

requirement and may be assessed otherwise.

The yellowness index shall be measured in accordance with 6.4. The manufacturer shall declare the amount

of variation in yellowness for each of the classes of Table 2 he applies. The manufacturer may declare the

performance at class A , but shall only declare the performance at higher classes of exposure provided that

the yellowness index does not change by more than 20 units at any higher class(es) declared.

5.5.4 Variation of the light transmission after artificial ageing

Variation of the light transmission after artificial ageing shall be assessed when subject to regulatory

requirement and may be assessed otherwise.
The total luminous transmittance shall be measured in accordance with 6.2.

The manufacturer shall declare the variation of the total luminous transmission for each of the classes of

Table 2 he applies, defined as the percentage reduction in the light transmission of an unaged sample:

variation of total luminous transmission = light transmission of unaged sample - light transmission of aged sample

light transmission of unaged sample
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)

The manufacturer may declare the performance at class A , but shall only declare the performance at higher

classes of exposure provided that the variation of the total luminous transmission is not greater than 20% at

any higher class(es) declared.
5.5.5 Variation of the flexural/tensile strength after ageing

The variation of the flexural/tensile strength after ageing shall be assessed when subject to regulatory

requirement and may be assessed otherwise.

The variation of properties after ageing shall be determined by assessing the variations of either the flexural

strength and flexural modulus by a bending test, or the tensile strength and Young's modulus by a tensile test,

according to 6.5.

The percentage reductions of the flexural/tensile strength and flexural/Young’s modulus between unexposed

test specimens and test specimens aged at the maximum exposure declared for variation of yellowness index

and variation of total luminous transmittance shall then be expressed within the ranges ≤ 10%, > 10 % to ≤

20 %, > 20 % to ≤ 30 %, or > 30 %.
5.6 Thermal ageing resistance (only for thermoplastic sheets)

The thermal ageing resistance of thermoplastic sheets shall be determined by assessing the variations of the

total luminous transmittance, yellowness index and flexural/tensile strength, before and after exposure to dry

heat according to 6.6.

The manufacturer shall declare the variation of each property (yellowness index, light transmission, and

flexural/tensile strength, measured in accordance with 6.4, 6.2 and 6.5 respectively) defined as the

percentage reduction compared to an unaged sample:
variation = value of unaged sample value of aged sample
value of unaged sample
5.7 Longitudinal reversion and profile retention (only for thermoplastic sheets)

When tested in accordance with 6.7, the mean variations in dimensions of the sheet shall not exceed ± 2 %

for the longitudinal reversion and ± 3 % for the profile retention.

Where the conditions of use may lead to these figures being exceeded, the manufacturer’s documentation

shall give guidance.
5.8 Impact resistance

The impact resistance shall be assessed when subject to regulatory requirement and may be assessed

otherwise.

The impact resistance shall be measured in accordance with 6.8 and the sheets shall be classified as follows:

 I for sheets which pass the test result as specified in 6.8.6,
 I for sheets which do not pass the test result as specified in 6.8.6.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
prEN 1013:2007 (E)
5.9 Resistance to deflection (mechanical resistance)
5.9.1 Resistance to deflection

The resistance to deflection shall be assessed when subject to regulatory requirement and may be assessed

otherwise.

The resistance to deflection shall be evaluated by determining according to 6.9 the deflection of an unfixed

sheet of the nominal thickness declared by the manufacturer as measured in 6.1.4. The bending stiffness of

the sheet, (EI) , after 6 min shall be declared by the manufacturer.
Test

NOTE The performance of sheets when installed is not covered by this document. Information can be found in

[7]

manufacturers' documentation. Appropriate test methods are included in ETAG 010 .

5.9.2 Material stiffness factor
The stiffness factor of the material (in N.m) can be defined as E x t
where
E is the flexural modulus as defined in 5.4, in pascals,
t is the nominal thickness of the sheet, in metres.

The deflection of a sheet of any given profile can be assumed to be approximately proportional to the material

stiffness factor.
5.10 Water vapour permeability

The water vapour permeability coefficient shall be assessed when subject to regulatory requirement and may

be assessed otherwise.

The manufacturer may declare the value of the water vapour permeability coefficient of the sheet material

according to Table 3. Wh
...

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