Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 5: Attachment interface

This document specifies requirements for the truck side of the attachment interface of rough-terrain non-slewing and slewing variable reach trucks (hereafter referred to as “trucks”) dealt with in EN 1459 1, EN 1459-2 and prEN 1459-4.
This document covers the interface of the attachments fitted to the telescopic boom carriage or mounted on the forks. This document does not cover:
-   interface for interchangeable equipment designed for lifting person(s) (covered by EN 1459 3);
-   interface for equipment for container handling (e.g. spreader);
-   interface for equipment permanently installed on the machine and not intended to be removed by the user;
NOTE   In this case, equipment becomes part of the truck.
This document does not give requirements for the completed assembly of a truck fitted with an attachment. This document does not address risks to parts of the truck other than the interface with the attachment.

Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 5: Zugehörige Schnittstellen

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen an die Schnittstellen des Anbaugeräts auf der Seite des Staplers für geländegängige, schwenkbare und nicht schwenkbare Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite (im Folgenden als „Stapler“ bezeichnet) fest, die in EN 1459 1, EN 1459 2 und prEN 1459 4 behandelt werden.
Dieses Dokument behandelt die Schnittstellen der am Gabelträger mit Teleskopausleger befestigten oder an den Gabeln angebrachten Anbaugeräte. Dieses Dokument behandelt nicht:
-   Schnittstellen für auswechselbare Ausrüstungen, die zum Heben von Personen dienen (abgedeckt durch EN 1459 3);
-   Schnittstelle für Ausrüstung für die Handhabung von Containern (z. B. Spreizer);
-   Schnittstellen für Ausrüstungen, die permanent an der Maschine montiert sind und nicht zur Entfernung durch den Anwender vorgesehen sind;
ANMERKUNG   In diesem Falle wird die Ausrüstung ein Teil des Staplers.
Dieses Dokument legt keine Anforderungen an die gesamte Baugruppe eines mit einem Anbaugerät ausgestatteten Staplers fest. Dieses Dokument befasst sich neben den Risiken von Teilen der Schnittstelle mit dem Anbaugerät mit keinen anderen Teilen des Staplers.

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et vérification - Partie 5 : Interface de l'accessoire

Le présent document spécifie les prescriptions pour l'interface de l'accessoire côté chariot des chariots tout terrain à portée variable rotatifs ou non (ci-après désignés « chariots ») traités dans les EN 1459 1, EN 1459-2 et prEN 1459-4.
Le présent document couvre l'interface des accessoires montés sur le tablier de la flèche télescopique ou montés sur les fourches. Le présent document ne couvre pas :
-   l'interface pour l'équipement interchangeable conçu pour le levage d'une ou plusieurs personnes (couvert par l'EN 1459 3) ;
-   l'interface pour l'équipement pour la manutention de conteneur (par exemple, palonnier) ;
-   l'interface pour l'équipement monté de façon permanente sur la machine et qui n'est pas destiné à être retiré par l'utilisateur.
NOTE   Dans ce cas, l'équipement devient une partie du chariot.
Le présent document ne donne pas de prescriptions pour l'assemblage complet d'un chariot muni d'un accessoire. Le présent document ne traite pas les risques liés à des parties du chariot autres que l'interface avec l'accessoire.

Vozila za talni transport - Terenska vozila - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 5. del: Pripadajoči vmesniki

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
22-Sep-2019
Publication Date
26-Jan-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Jan-2021
Due Date
12-Mar-2021
Completion Date
27-Jan-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1459-5:2021
01-april-2021

Vozila za talni transport - Terenska vozila - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 5.

del: Pripadajoči vmesniki

Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 5: Attachment interface

Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil

5: Zugehörige Schnittstellen

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et vérification - Partie 5 : Interface de

l'accessoire
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1459-5:2020
ICS:
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
SIST EN 1459-5:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.060
English Version
Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and
verification - Part 5: Attachment interface

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische

vérification - Partie 5 : Interface de l'accessoire Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 5: Zugehörige

Schnittstellen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 November 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1459-5:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ................................................................................................................................. 3

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references .............................................................................................................. 6

3 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................................. 7

4 Requirements ............................................................................................................................. 8

4.1 Manual connection/disconnection ..................................................................................... 8

4.2 Unintentional detachment ..................................................................................................... 8

4.3 Unintended movement of the attachment ........................................................................ 8

4.4 Load-clamping attachment interface ................................................................................. 9

4.5 Interface hydraulic system .................................................................................................... 9

4.6 Design ............................................................................................................................................ 9

4.7 Mechanical connection of the attachment to the carriage .......................................... 9

4.7.1 General .......................................................................................................................................... 9

4.7.2 Fastening and locking .............................................................................................................. 9

4.7.3 Control for powered release of the fastening ............................................................... 10

4.8 Fixing of the attachment on the forks ............................................................................. 10

5 Verification of requirements and safety measures .................................................... 10

6 Information for use ................................................................................................................ 10

6.1 General ....................................................................................................................................... 10

6.2 Instruction handbook ........................................................................................................... 10

6.2.1 General ....................................................................................................................................... 10

6.2.2 Operating and maintenance instructions ...................................................................... 11

6.3 Marking ...................................................................................................................................... 11

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ..................................................................... 12

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the

essential requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ............. 21

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................... 24

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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1459-5:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 150

“Industrial Trucks - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2021, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by June 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and

the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive

2006/42/ EC.

For relationship with EU Directive see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 1459 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Safety

requirements and verification:
— Part 1: Variable-reach trucks;
— Part 2: Slewing variable-reach trucks;
— Part 3: Interface between the variable-reach truck and the work platform;

— Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads;

— Part 5: Attachment interface;

— Part 6: Application of EN ISO 13849-1 to slewing and non-slewing variable-reach rough-terrain

trucks;
— Part 8: Variable-reach tractors.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5:2020 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance

etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document

by the above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the

drafting process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous

events are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or

type-B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements

of the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the

requirements of this type-C standard.
All quantities are in metric units.
Tools

Being excluded from interchangeable equipment according to Directive 2006/42/EC (as amended)

Article 2 b), tools as such are not subject to the Machinery Directive. Characteristics of tools which

may be fitted to the machinery can be found in the instructions for use given by the truck

manufacturer according to 1.7.4.2 (n) Directive 2006/42/EC.
Interchangeable equipment

An interchangeable equipment is not part of the truck, according to Directive 2006/42/EC (as

amended) Article 2 b), because it is assembled with the truck by the operator himself in order to

change its function or attribute a new function. The instructions for machinery allow several uses

intended by design depending on the equipment used and the instructions for the interchangeable

equipment contain the information necessary for safe assembly and use of the basic machinery and

the interchangeable equipment that can be fitted (see Directive 2006/42/EC, 3.6.3.2).

The following items should be taken into account:

a) identification of a specific point on the truck for the installation of the interchangeable

equipment, i.e. truck-related side of the interface (hereafter referred to as “interface”): the

carriage;
b) interface safety-related design and coupling performances:
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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5:2020 (E)

— avoidance of unintentional displacements: locking (normal operation condition and truck

power supply failure condition);
— strength requirements: calculation and static and dynamic test;
— controls;
— information.

c) interchangeable equipment compatibility in order to be installable on the truck, i.e. choice of

approved types of interchangeable equipment, correct usage in combination with the truck,

minimum safety requirements.

Guide to application of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC states that “The manufacturer of the

interchangeable equipment must ensure that the combination of the interchangeable equipment

and the basic machinery with which it is intended to be assembled fulfils all the relevant essential

health and safety requirements of Annex I and must carry out the appropriate conformity

assessment procedure”.

This document considers primary function of the truck the load handling, stacking and lifting

function, e.g. with forks.
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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements for the truck side of the attachment interface of rough-

terrain non-slewing and slewing variable reach trucks (hereafter referred to as “trucks”) dealt with

in EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020, EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 and EN 1459-4:2020.

This document covers the interface for the attachments fitted to the telescopic boom carriage or

mounted on the forks when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are

reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. This document does not cover:

— interface for interchangeable equipment designed for lifting person(s) (covered by EN 1459-

3:2015);
— interface for equipment for container handling (e.g. spreader);

— interface for equipment permanently installed on the machine and not intended to be removed

by the user.
NOTE In this case, equipment becomes part of the truck.

This document does not give requirements for the completed assembly of a truck fitted with an

attachment. This document does not address risks to parts of the truck other than the interface with

the attachment.

This document is not applicable to interfaces manufactured before the date of its publication.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020, Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1:

Variable-reach trucks

EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018, Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 2:

Slewing variable-reach trucks

EN 1459-3:2015, Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 3: Interface

between the variable-reach truck and the work platform

EN 1459-4:2020, Rough terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 4: Additional

requirements for variable reach trucks handling suspended loads

EN 62061:2005/A2:2015 Safety of machinery - Functional safety of safety-related electrical,

Electronic and programmable electronic control systems
EN ISO 2867:2011, Earth-moving machinery - Access systems (ISO 2867:2011)

EN ISO 3411:2007, Earth-moving machinery - Physical dimensions of operators and minimum

operator space envelope (ISO 3411:2007)
As impacted by EN 62061:2005/A1:2013 and EN 62061:2005/A2:2015.
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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5:2020 (E)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

ISO 5053-1:2020, Industrial trucks - Terminology and classification - Part 1: Types of industrial

trucks
ISO 7000:2019, Graphical symbols for use on equipment - Registered symbols

ISO 15870:2000, Powered industrial trucks - Safety signs and hazard pictorials - General principles

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020,

EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018, EN 1459-4:2020, ISO 5053-1:2020 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
tool
attachment which does not change the primary function of the truck
3.2
interchangeable equipment

device assembled with the truck by the operator which changes the primary function of the truck

or attributes a new function to the truck

Note 1 to entry: Interchangeable equipment when assembled does not change the designation of the

machinery as variable-reach rough-terrain truck.
3.3
interface

devices and method to mechanically assemble and, if needed, hydraulically and/or electrically

connect the attachment to the truck
3.4
attachment
tool or interchangeable equipment
3.5
carriage
specific part of the boom for mounting attachments to the truck
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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5:2020 (E)
3.6
type

one or more interfaces representative of a given design, technical characteristics and application

Note 1 to entry: A type of interface can be produced in series or as a single unit.

Note 2 to entry: One type of interface can have variants; they are considered as belonging to the same type,

provided they have the same basic design, present similar hazards and have similar protective measures.

4 Requirements
4.1 Manual connection/disconnection

The position to perform any manual operation to connect/disconnect or lock /unlock (as

applicable) of the attachment to the truck shall:
— be so that they can be performed with the truck switched off;

— be so that they are within the reach of the operator in a standing position on the ground

according to EN ISO 3411:2007 or be provided with means of access complying with EN ISO

2867:2011;
— be described in the information for use (see Clause 6).
Verification by visual examination and design check.
4.2 Unintentional detachment

The interface shall be designed such that unintentional detachment of the attachment is prevented,

according to 4.7.
Verification by design check.

The interface shall be provided with means to prevent the separation of the attachment in the event

of malfunctions in the truck power supply.
Verification by design check.
4.3 Unintended movement of the attachment

Interface shall be designed such that any movement of the attachment shall not occur when the

relevant control devices on the truck are in the neutral position.
The safety-related parts of the control system shall correspond to Table 1.
Verification by design check.
Table 1 — Safety-related part of control systems
PLr SIL
Description of
safety function
(EN ISO 13849-1:2015) (EN 62061:2005+A2:2015)
Avoidance of
unintended
b 1
movement of the
attachment
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SIST EN 1459-5:2021
EN 1459-5:2020 (E)
4.4 Load-clamping attachment interface

The interface shall allow load-clamping attachment to reach its nominal clamping force and to

maintain it when the relevant control devices on the truck are in
...

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