Space produce assurance - Quality and safety assurance for space test centres

This Standard specifies quality assurance and safety assurance requirements for space test centres, applicable to the test process, test personnel (both, of the customer and the space test centre), test facilities, test environment and any operations related to the test specimen under responsibility of the space test centre as requested by the customer.
This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristic and constraints of a space project in conformance with ECSS-S-ST-00.

Raumfahrtproduktsicherung - Sicherstellung von Qualität und Sicherheit in

Assurance produit des projets spatiaux - Assurance de la qualité et de la sécurité pour les centres de test

Zagotavljanje varnih proizvodov v vesoljski tehniki - Zagotavljanje kakovosti in varnosti vesoljskih preskusnih centrov

Ta standard določa zahteve glede zagotavljanja kakovosti in varnosti vesoljskih preskusnih centrov, ki se uporabljajo za preskusni postopek, osebje za opravljanje preskusov (tako naročnikovo osebje kot osebje vesoljskega preskusnega centra), objekte za preskušanje in vse postopke v povezavi s preskušancem v okviru odgovornosti vesoljskega preskusnega centra, kot zahteva naročnik. Ta standard se lahko prilagodi posameznim lastnostim in omejitvam vesoljskega projekta v skladu s standardom ECSS-S-ST-00.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Mar-2016
Publication Date
11-Oct-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Sep-2016
Due Date
06-Nov-2016
Completion Date
12-Oct-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
01-november-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14736:2004
Zagotavljanje varnih proizvodov v vesoljski tehniki - Zagotavljanje kakovosti in
varnosti vesoljskih preskusnih centrov
Space produce assurance - Quality and safety assurance for space test centres
Raumfahrtproduktsicherung - Sicherstellung von Qualität und Sicherheit in

Assurance produit des projets spatiaux - Assurance de la qualité et de la sécurité pour

les centres de test
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16602-20-07:2016
ICS:
03.120.99 Drugi standardi v zvezi s Other standards related to
kakovostjo quality
49.140 Vesoljski sistemi in operacije Space systems and
operations
SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 16602-20-07
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2016
ICS 49.140
Supersedes EN 14736:2004
English version
Space product assurance - Quality and safety assurance for
space test centres

Assurance produit des projets spatiaux - Assurance de Raumfahrtproduktsicherung - Sicherstellung von

la qualité et de la sécurité pour les centres de test Qualität und Sicherheit in Raumfahrttestzentren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 22 May 2016.

CEN and CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for

giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical

references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to

any CEN and CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN and CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN and CENELEC members are the national standards bodies and national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium,

Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany,

Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN/CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means Ref. No. EN 16602-20-07:2016 E

reserved worldwide for CEN national Members and for
CENELEC Members.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
Table of contents

European Foreword ................................................................................................... 4

Introduction ................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope ....................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references ............................................................................................. 7

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ............................................................ 8

3.1 Terms from other standards ...................................................................................... 8

3.2 Terms specific to the present standard ..................................................................... 9

3.3 Abbreviated terms and symbols .............................................................................. 10

3.4 Nomenclature ......................................................................................................... 10

3.4.1 Formal verbs ............................................................................................. 10

4 Space test centre quality and safety management principles .......................... 12

4.1 Objective ................................................................................................................ 12

4.2 General principles ................................................................................................... 12

5 Quality and safety management system requirements ..................................... 13

5.1 General requirements ............................................................................................. 13

5.2 Documentation, records and data control ............................................................... 14

5.2.1 General ..................................................................................................... 14

5.2.2 Facility description..................................................................................... 14

5.3 Management responsibility ..................................................................................... 15

5.3.1 Organization.............................................................................................. 15

5.3.2 Planning .................................................................................................... 15

5.3.3 Responsibility and authority ...................................................................... 15

5.3.4 Quality and safety representatives ............................................................ 16

5.4 Personnel competence and training ........................................................................ 16

5.4.1 General ..................................................................................................... 16

5.4.2 Competence, awareness and training ....................................................... 17

5.5 Infrastructure and work environment ....................................................................... 18

5.5.1 General ..................................................................................................... 18

5.5.2 Environmental control ............................................................................... 18

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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)

5.5.3 Cleanliness and contamination control ...................................................... 19

5.5.4 Site security and access control ................................................................ 20

5.6 Test facilities ........................................................................................................... 20

5.6.1 Design and development of test facilities .................................................. 20

5.6.2 Configuration control of test facilities ......................................................... 21

5.6.3 Calibration control of test facilities ............................................................. 22

5.6.4 Maintenance control of test facilities .......................................................... 23

5.6.5 Risk assessment of test facilities ............................................................... 24

5.6.6 Dependability of test facilities .................................................................... 24

5.7 Test process realization .......................................................................................... 25

5.7.1 Planning of the test process ...................................................................... 25

5.7.2 Evaluation of customer requirements ........................................................ 25

5.7.3 Design and development of the test process ............................................. 26

5.7.4 Test process and service provision ........................................................... 27

5.8 Monitoring and measurement ................................................................................. 28

5.8.1 Monitoring and measurement of test activities ........................................... 28

5.8.2 Control of nonconformances ..................................................................... 30

5.8.3 Lessons learned review ............................................................................ 30

5.9 Safety ..................................................................................................................... 30

5.9.1 Safety programme..................................................................................... 30

5.9.2 Safety policy and objectives ...................................................................... 31

5.9.3 Safety manual of the space test centre ..................................................... 32

5.9.4 Safety management of test campaigns ..................................................... 32

Annex A (normative) Questionnaire on the use of hazardous items and

operations – DRD ................................................................................................ 34

Annex B (informative) Typical test process sequence ........................................ 37

Bibliography ............................................................................................................. 40

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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
European Foreword

This document (EN 16602-20-07:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN-

CENELEC/TC 5 “Space”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This standard (EN 16602-20-07:2016) originates from ECSS-Q-ST-20-07C.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2017, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
This document supersedes EN 14736:2004.
The main changes with respect to EN 14736:2004 are listed below:
- new EN number and modified title,

- Reorganization of the content of the document to separate descriptive text and requirements,

including clarification, modification of requirements and implementation of change requests,

- Transformation of the informative Annex C "Questionnaire on the use of hazardous items and

operations" of the previous version into a Normative DRD in Annex A,

- Removal of all references to ISO 9001 paragraphs, replaced by requirement 5.1a, which makes

applicable the complete EN 9100 standard,

- Increased focus on configuration control, traceability of the measurement chain, and

dependability and safety of test facilitiestechnical revision of content,

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and

the European Free Trade Association.

This document has been developed to cover specifically space systems and has therefore precedence

over any EN covering the same scope but with a wider domain of applicability (e.g. : aerospace).

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of

Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
Introduction
This standard was developed to ensure that space test centres working for
European space projects operate a quality and safety assurance system in line
with ECSS requirements, internationally recognised standards and best
working practices.
This standard makes applicable the requirements of EN 9100:2009 and provides
additional requirements specific to space test centres. The quality management

system of the space test centre, or that of the organization of which it is part, is

to be in conformance with these requirements.
This standard also incorporates requirements from ISO/IEC 17025:2005 that are
considered applicable for space test centres working for space projects.
This standard does not make compulsory Certification of the space test centre
against the requirements of the aforementioned standards by a recognised
certification authority.
This standard was originally prepared with focus on organisations capable of
providing test services for space and launch segment elements and subsystems.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
Scope
This standard specifies quality assurance and safety assurance requirements for
space test centres, applicable to the test process, test personnel (both, of the
customer and the space test centre), test facilities, test environment and any
operations related to the test specimen under responsibility of the space test
centre as requested by the customer.

This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristic and constraints of a

space project in conformance with ECSS-S-ST-00.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
Normative references
The following normative documents contain provisions which, through
reference in this text, constitute provisions of this ECSS Standard. For dated
references, subsequent amendments to, or revision of any of these publications
do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this ECSS Standard are

encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the more recent editions of

the normative documents indicated below. For undated references, the latest
edition of the publication referred to applies.
EN reference Reference in text Title
EN 16601-00-01 ECSS-S-ST-00-01 ECSS - Glossary of terms
EN 16603-10-03 ECSS-E-ST-10-03 Space engineering - Testing
EN 16602-10-09 ECSS-Q-ST-10-09 Space product assurance - Nonconformance control
system
EN 16602-20 ECSS-Q-ST-20 Space product assurance - Quality assurance
EN 16602-20-08 ECSS-Q-ST-20-08 Space product assurance - Storage, handling and
transportation of spacecraft hardware
EN 16602-70 ECSS-Q-ST-70 Space product assurance - Materials, mechanical
parts and processes
EN 16602-70-01 ECSS-Q-ST-70-01 Space product assurance - Cleanliness and
contamination control
ISO 9000:2005 Quality management systems - Fundamentals and
Vocabulary
EN 9100:2009 Quality Management Systems - Requirements for
Aviation, Space and Defense Organisations
ISO/IEC 17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing
and calibration laboratories
ISO 10012:2003 Measurement management systems - Requirements
for measurement processes and measuring
equipment
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms from other standards
a. For the purpose of this standard, the terms and definitions from ECSS-S-
ST-00-01 apply, in particular for the following terms:
1. approval
2. assurance
3. audit
4. availability
5. calibration
6. certification
7. cleanroom
8. corrective action
9. critical item
10. dependability
11. preventive action
12. procedure
13. process
14. product
15. quality assurance
16. reliability
17. risk
18. safety
19. test
20. traceability
b. For the purpose of this standard, the following terms and definitions
from ECSS-Q-ST-70 apply:
1. critical process
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
c. For the purpose of this standard, the following terms and definitions
from ISO 9000:2005 apply:
1. management system
2. quality management system
3. quality policy
4. top management
3.2 Terms specific to the present standard
3.2.1 critical operation
operation that can result in injury to persons, significant material damage or
other unacceptable consequences if not properly performed
3.2.2 modification
<> change in the configuration of an existing test
facility
3.2.3 quality representative
<> representative from the space test centre
management with designated responsibility for quality management
3.2.4 safety management system
<> management system to direct and control the space
test centre organization with regard to safety
3.2.5 safety policy
<> overall intentions and directions of the space test
centre with regards to safety as formally expressed by top management
3.2.6 safety representative
<> representative from the space test centre
management with designated responsibility for safety
3.2.7 space test centre
complete entity including the organization that provides, maintains and
operates test facilities for space projects and applications, including
accompanied services
3.2.8 test campaign
<> series of test processes starting with the arrival of

the test specimen in the space test centre and ending with its departure from the

space test centre
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
3.2.9 test facility
technical plant to provide specific simulated conditions for testing equipment
for space projects and applications, including test connections and
instrumentation attached as necessary to perform the test
NOTE Test facility includes test equipment and
associated infrastructure, including supplies.
3.2.10 test personnel
staff developing, maintaining or operating a test process
3.2.11 test process

set of activities necessary to perform a test, or a series of tests, to comply with

the requirements specified in the business agreement
NOTE This includes, but is not limited to, test design,
planning, preparation, acceptance, performance,
reporting, reviewing and recording.
3.2.12 test specimen
item or device under test
NOTE This term is synonym of test article and test item.
3.3 Abbreviated terms and symbols
For the purpose of this standard, the abbreviated terms from ECSS-S-ST-00-01
apply, with the following exception:
Abbreviation Meaning
facility readiness review
FRR
3.4 Nomenclature
3.4.1 Formal verbs
The following nomenclature apply throughout this document:
• The word “shall” is used in this document to express requirements. All
the requirements are expressed with the word “shall”.
• The word “should” is used in this document to express recommenda-
tions. All the recommendations are expressed with the word “should”.
NOTE It is expected that, during tailoring, all the
recommendations in this standard are either
converted into requirements or tailored out.
• The words “may” and “need not” are used in this document to express
positive and negative permissions respectively. All the positive permis-
sions are expressed with the word “may”. All the negative permissions
are expressed with the words “need not”.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
• The word “can” is used in this document to express capabilities or possi-
bilities, and therefore, if not accompanied by one of the previous words,
it implies descriptive text.
NOTE In ECSS “may” and “can” have a complete
different meaning: “may” is normative
(permission) and “can” is descriptive.
• The present and past tense are used in this document to express state-
ment of fact, and therefore they imply descriptive text.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
Space test centre quality and safety
management principles
4.1 Objective

The objective of quality and safety assurance for space test centres is to ensure

that all technical and programmatic risks associated with the testing of space
products performed under the responsibility of the space test centre are
adequately managed through the implementation of an effective quality and
safety assurance programme.
4.2 General principles
The space test centre is responsible to demonstrate that a quality and safety
assurance programme covering the definition, design, development,
implementation and continuous improvement of:
a. competences,
b. processes, and
c. facilities,
is established, implemented and maintained throughout the test service
provision to a customer.
The basic principles of the space test centre quality and safety programme are

the early identification of aspects potentially detrimental for the quality of the

test service, the safety of persons and products, and the cost-effective
prevention of any adverse consequence of such aspects.
The quality and safety programme needs to demonstrate the integration of
activities from the following disciplines:
a. ECSS-Q-20 Quality assurance
b. ECSS-Q-30 Dependability
c. ECSS-Q-40 Safety
d. ECSS-Q-70 Materials, mechanical parts and processes
e. ECSS-E-10 System engineering
f. ECSS-M-80 Risk management
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
Quality and safety management system
requirements
5.1 General requirements
a. The space test centre shall operate a quality management system in
compliance with requirements from the EN 9100:2009.
b. The space test centre shall establish, document, implement and maintain
a quality and safety management system, and continually improve its
effectiveness.
NOTE For example, the effectiveness of the continual
improvement of the quality and safety
management system can be demonstrated
through a reduction of customer complaints
and nonconformances, increased customer
satisfaction, proactive identification of risks
affecting the quality and safety of space test
centre operations.
c. The quality and safety management system shall cover work carried out
in the space test centre's permanent facilities, or in temporary or mobile
facilities.
d. The space test centre shall specify the processes for the quality and safety
management system and their application throughout the space test
centre.
e. The space test centre shall specify the sequence and interaction of the
quality and safety management processes.
f. The space test centre shall specify criteria and methods to demonstrate
that both the operation and control of quality and safety management
processes are effective.
g. The space test centre shall demonstrate the availability of resources and
information to support the operation and monitoring of quality and
safety management processes.
h. The space test centre shall monitor, measure, and analyse quality and
safety management processes.
i. The space test centre shall implement actions to achieve planned results
and continual improvement of quality and safety management processes.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
j. The quality and safety management system of the space test centre, or its
parent organization, shall be implemented and maintained to allow
external and internal revisions or audits by customer or external
authorities.

k. If the space test centre is part of an organization performing activities other

than testing, the responsibilities of key personnel in the organization that
have an involvement on the testing activities of the space test centre shall
be specified to identify potential conflicts of interest.
l. The space test centre shall ensure that non-space related activities have no
detrimental effect over the activities carried out in the space test centre.
NOTE For example, non-space related activities
include infrastructure works or testing
performed for other industrial sector.
m. The space test centre quality and safety management system shall be
supported by lower level documentation as follows:
1. quality and safety manual(s);
2. quality and safety procedures;
3. standard operating procedures, work instructions and project
plans;
4. quality and safety records.
NOTE The space test centre can make use of the parent
organisation documentation to comply with
this requirement.
5.2 Documentation, records and data control
5.2.1 General
a. The space test centre shall establish and maintain a documentation and
records control system in conformance with the requirements from the
EN 9100:2009.
b. The space test centre shall establish and maintain a system for the
identification, storage, protection, retrieval, retention and disposition of
test data.
5.2.2 Facility description
a. The space test centre shall establish and maintain a documented
description of each test facility, and associated infrastructure, including
as a minimum:
1. functional performance,
2. general arrangement drawing,
3. interface definition.
b. The facility description shall be provided to the customer upon request.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
5.3 Management responsibility
5.3.1 Organization
a. The space test centre shall define its organization and management
structure, its place in the parent organization, and the relationships
among management, technical operations, support services and the
quality and safety management system.
5.3.2 Planning
a. The space test centre shall plan the following tasks:
1. the preparation of project and quality plans for critical processes,
2. the identification of controls, processes, equipment, fixtures,
resources and skills,
3. the update of quality control, inspection and verification
techniques, including the development of new instrumentation or
complex facilities,
4. the development of their capability for any test requirements that
exceed the current known state of the art,
5. the identification of standards for maintenance and calibration of
items used by the space test centre,
6. the establishment and follow-up of rules to control conformity to
requirements between design and acceptance of space test centre
items,
7. the assessment of risks related to customer supplied products and
the applicable processes.
NOTE The task of item 6 can be achieved by
calculation, test analysis, or simulation.
5.3.3 Responsibility and authority
a. Top management shall ensure that management and technical
responsibilities and authorities are defined and communicated within the
organisation.
b. Management and technical responsibilities and authorities shall be
delegated in case of personnel absence, and defined and communicated
within the organisation.
c. Top management shall ensure that space test centre personnel are free
from undue pressures, conflict of interest or influences that can affect the
quality of their work.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
5.3.4 Quality and safety representatives
a. Top management shall appoint a quality representative with defined
authority:
1. to ensure that the quality management system is established,
implemented and maintained,
2. to report its performance to the space test centre management and
any needs for improvement, and
3. to ensure quality assurance awareness throughout the space test
centre.
b. Top management shall appoint a safety representative with defined
authority:
1. to ensure that safety processes for the space test centre are
established, implemented and maintained,
2. to report to top management on the performance of safety in the
space test centre and any need for improvement, and
3. to ensure safety assurance awareness throughout the space test
centre.
c. In case personnel safety, test specimens or test facilities are at risk, the
safety representative, or designated trained staff, shall have defined
authority to stop the activity.
5.4 Personnel competence and training
5.4.1 General
a. The space test centre shall ensure that all personnel are competent and
qualified to perform their assigned tasks.
b. The space test centre shall ensure that all personnel is trained to comply
with the applicable safety requirements.
c. The space test centre shall ensure that personnel undergoing on-the-job
training are subject to supervision by a person competent to perform
such task.
d. Where contracted and additional technical and key personnel are used,
the space test centre shall demonstrate that such personnel are competent
and that they work in compliance with the space test centre's quality and
safety management system.
e. All space test centre personnel conducting or supporting potentially
hazardous operations in the space test centre shall receive specific safety
training, including the preventive measures to be taken.
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SIST EN 16602-20-07:2016
EN 16602-20-07:2016 (E)
5.4.2 Competence, awareness and training
a. The space test centre shall specify and maintain job descriptions for
managerial and technical personnel involved in the operations of the
space test centre.
b. The space test centre shall ident
...

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