Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS) - The Test Description Language (TDL) - Part 3: Exchange Format

The present document specifies the exchange format of the Test Description Language (TDL) in the form of an XML
Schema derived from the TDL meta-model [1]. The intended use of the present document is to serve as the specification
of the format used for exchange of model instances and tool interoperability between TDL-compliant tools.
NOTE: OMG®, UML®, OCL™ and UTP™ are the trademarks of OMG (Object Management Group). This
information is given for the convenience of users of the present document and does not constitute an
endorsement by ETSI of the products named.

Metode za preskušanje in specificiranje (MTS) - Jezik za opis preskusa (TDL) - 3. del: Format izmenjave

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Sep-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Sep-2020
Due Date
12-Nov-2020
Completion Date
09-Sep-2020

Buy Standard

Standard
ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08) - Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS); The Test Description Language (TDL); Part 3: Exchange Format
English language
79 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Standard
ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06) - Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS); The Test Description Language (TDL); Part 3: Exchange Format
English language
79 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview
Standardization document
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
English language
79 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
ETSI STANDARD
Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS);
The Test Description Language (TDL);
Part 3: Exchange Format
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
Reference
RES/MTS-TDL1193v141
Keywords
language, MBT, methodology, testing, TSS&TP,
TTCN-3, UML
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2020.
All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 5

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 5

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 6

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Basic principles ........................................................................................................................................ 6

4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.2 Document Structure ............................................................................................................................................ 7

4.3 Notational Conventions ...................................................................................................................................... 7

4.4 Conformance ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 TDL XMI Schema .................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 TDL XMI Schema Production Rules ................................................................................................................. 8

5.1.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1.2 TDL metaclass Element ................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1.3 Import statements .......................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1.4 Representation of the TDL meta-model ........................................................................................................ 9

5.1.5 Specifics on the TDL metaclass Element .................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Examples .......................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2.1 TDL metaclass Element .............................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.2 Enumerations .............................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.3 Metaclasses ................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.4 Multiple inheritance .................................................................................................................................... 12

6 TDL XMI Document Serialization ......................................................................................................... 12

6.1 TDL XMI Document Production Rules ........................................................................................................... 12

6.1.1 TDL XMI Document Header Structure ...................................................................................................... 12

6.1.2 TDL XMI Document Content Structure ..................................................................................................... 13

6.1.3 Cross-document element references ........................................................................................................... 13

6.2 Examples .......................................................................................................................................................... 14

6.2.1 TDL XMI Document Header Structure Example ....................................................................................... 14

6.2.2 TDL XMI Document Content Structure Examples .................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.1 Instances of TDL metaclasses ............................................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.2 Compositional references to TDL metaclasses ..................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.3 Non-compositional references to TDL metaclasses .............................................................................. 15

6.2.2.4 Instance of TDL metaclasses with simple type properties .................................................................... 16

6.2.2.5 Handling of default values for properties .............................................................................................. 17

6.2.2.6 Cross-document references ................................................................................................................... 17

Annex A (normative): TDL XMI Schema .......................................................................................... 19

Annex B (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 78

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 79

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Methods for Testing and Specification

(MTS).

The present document is part 3 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [1].

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
1 Scope

The present document specifies the exchange format of the Test Description Language (TDL) in the form of an XML

Schema derived from the TDL meta-model [1]. The intended use of the present document is to serve as the specification

of the format used for exchange of model instances and tool interoperability between TDL-compliant tools.

® ®

NOTE: OMG , UML , OCL™ and UTP™ are the trademarks of OMG (Object Management Group). This

information is given for the convenience of users of the present document and does not constitute an

endorsement by ETSI of the products named.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI ES 203 119-1 (V1.5.1): "Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS); The Test

Description Language (TDL); Part 1: Abstract Syntax and Associated Semantics".
[2] OMG : "OMG Meta Object Facility™ (MOF) Core Specification", Version 2.4.2,
formal/2014-04-03.
NOTE: Available at http://www.omg.org/spec/MOF/2.4.2/.
[3] OMG : "OMG XML Metadata Interchange™ (XMI) Specification", Version 2.4.2,
formal/2014-04-04.
NOTE: Available at http://www.omg.org/spec/XMI/2.4.2/.
[4] W3C Recommendation 26 November 2008: "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0
(Fifth Edition)".
NOTE: Available at http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml/.

[5] Recommendation ITU-T X.667: "Information technology - Procedures for the operation of object

identifier registration authorities: Generation of universally unique identifiers and their use in

object identifiers".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.
Not applicable.
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:
TDL XMI document: XMI document that represents the serialization of a TDL model
TDL XMI Schema: XMI Schema that describes valid TDL XMI documents
XMI document: XML document that represents the serialization of a MOF model
XMI Schema: XML Schema definition that describes valid XMI documents
3.2 Symbols
Void.
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
EBNF Extended Backus-Naur Form
MOF Meta-Object Facility™
TDL Test Description Language
URI Uniform Resource Identifier
UUID Universal Unique Identifier
XMI XML Metadata Interchange
XML eXtensible Markup Language
XSD XML Schema Definition
4 Basic principles
4.1 Introduction

XMI is the serialization format for persistence and interchange of TDL models. XMI stands for XML Metadata

Interchange and describes a unified way to serialize, persist, exchange and de-serialize MOF-based models [2]. The

XMI specification [3] describes both production rules to create an XMI Schema and an XMI document for a MOF

model.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)

The present document describes the production rules for both a TDL XMI Schema according to the TDL meta-model

definition and TDL XMI documents for the serialization of TDL models. A TDL XMI Schema is useful to validate

whether a TDL XMI document complies with the serialization rules specified in the present document. A complete

validation of the represented TDL model cannot be performed solely with the TDL XMI Schema due to additional

semantics introduced by MOF and XMI compared to XML Schema. Validation of TDL XMI documents shall be done

in a two-step approach:

• Lexical (syntactical) validation based on the TDL XMI Schema: this validation step assures that XMI

documents abide by the serialization rules for TDL models as described by the present document.

• Semantical validation based on the TDL meta-model definition: while deserializing TDL XMI documents, the

modelling tool shall perform semantics checks based on the specification of the TDL meta-model and the

additional XMI information.

The lexical validation is optional, since it only serves the purpose of syntactically assuring that a TDL XMI document is

valid in terms of structure. Semantical validation is always required to ensure that the XMI document is a valid

serialization of a TDL model. Due to the nature of the lexical validation, it is possible to produce valid TDL XMI

documents with respect to the TDL XMI Schema but invalid TDL XMI documents with respect to the TDL meta-model

specification.
4.2 Document Structure

The present document defines the exchange format for TDL model instances by means of a TDL XMI schema. The

document is structured as follows:

• Clause 5 "TDL XMI Schema" describes the rules that are applied for the production of a valid TDL XMI

Schema according to TDL meta-model.

• Clause 6 "TDL XMI Document Serialization" describes the production rules that shall be applied when

serializing TDL models. This clause contains a number of examples to comprehensibly illustrate the

serialization of various TDL elements.

• Annex A specifies the canonical TDL XMI Schema based on the current TDL meta-model specification [1].

4.3 Notational Conventions

For the scope of the present document, the following notational conventions apply:

• Elements from the TDL meta-model or MOF model or XMI model are typeset in italic, e.g. the property is

Optional of Member has the default value false.

• Elements from XML or XML Schema are typeset in the monospaced font Courier, e.g. the complexType

declaration.
4.4 Conformance

TDL XMI documents shall be valid and well formed as defined by the XML recommendation [4].

TDL XMI documents shall be syntactically valid according the TDL XMI Schema described in the present document.

TDL XMI documents shall be semantically valid according the TDL meta-model specification.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
5 TDL XMI Schema
5.1 TDL XMI Schema Production Rules
5.1.1 Overview

The TDL XMI Schema production rules refine the general XMI Schema derivation rules [3]. The TDL XMI Schema

production rules unify the way in which TDL XMI documents shall be represented. Since XMI is more expressive than

XML Schema in some parts which are relevant for MOF-based models, the following rules clarify how a TDL XMI

Schema copes with the higher expressiveness of XMI compared to XML Schema:

• Multiple inheritance: Multiple inheritance is not required for the TDL XMI Schema.

ID as specified in the XMI specification
• Identification: Element identification is based on the XMI attribute

[3]. The value of an element's ID shall be derived according to the algorithm for generating universally unique

identifier (UUID) specified in Recommendation ITU-T X.667 [5].

• Differences: TDL XMI Schema does not support the XMI elements Difference, Add, Replace, Delete.

• Bidirectionality: Bidirectional associations (i.e. association ends that have an opposite association end that can

be directly navigated from each other) are resolved into two associations.

• The TDL XMI Schema described in the present document should not be used for the generation of the

MOF-based TDL meta-model.

The structure of the TDL XMI Schema document complies with the XMI specification and contains the following

concepts:

• An XML version processing instruction with an encoding character set information, e.g.

.
• Any other valid XML processing instructions.
• An XML schema element, i.e. the root of the XML Schema document.
• An import XML element for the XMI namespace.
• Any other valid import XML elements to other referenced XML Schema documents.
• Declarations of concepts for the TDL meta-model.
5.1.2 TDL metaclass Element

The TDL XMI Schema element (root element of the TDL XMI Schema definition) has to comply with the following

rules:
• The namespace declaration of XML Schema shall be present and set to
xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
• The namespace declaration of XMI shall be present and set to
xmi="http://www.omg.org/XMI"
• The namespace declaration of the TDL meta-model shall be present and set to
tdl="http://www.etsi.org/spec/TDL/1.5.1"

• The target namespace declaration shall be the same as the namespace declaration for the TDL meta-model

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
5.1.3 Import statements
For the definition of import statements, the following rules shall be applied:

• An import of the fixed declarations that are mandatory for every XMI schema shall be given as first import

statement after the XMI Schema element. These declarations are in the namespace

http://www.omg.org/spec/XMI/20131001. For further information about the fixed declarations of

the XMI schema element, please refer to the XMI specification [3], clause "XMI Document and Schema

Design Principles".

• Import elements for other XML Schema documents are allowed as long as they do not contradict with the

concepts provided by the TDL meta-model or rules specified for the TDL XMI Schema document.

5.1.4 Representation of the TDL meta-model

The declaration of the concepts contained in the TDL meta-model shall comply with the following rules:

• Metaclasses are represented as a combination of the XML Schema elements complexType and element

where complexType specifies the metaclass structure and element its concrete use in a certain situation.

The use of element is required for expressing containment relationships.

• Abstract metaclasses are represented similar to concrete metaclasses, but with abstract="true" set in

the complexType declaration.

• Enumerations are represented as XML Schema simpleType elements. A restriction is used with base set

to XML Schema xsd:NCName.

• Metaclass properties in general represent properties that are typed by MOF primitive types (e.g. String,

Integer, etc.), TDL enumerations, or TDL metaclasses. They are either represented as an XML Schema

element or attribute, depending on the multiplicity of the metaclass property, the type of the metaclass

property, and whether the type of property is contained within in the same XMI file as the property or not. In

either case, the name shall be set to the property's name. The type shall be set to the XML Schema type

declaration corresponding to the property's type.

• Metaclass properties that refer to metaclasses in a different XMI file are always serialized as nested

elements. These properties are represented as XML schema elements element. Such an element

declaration is embedded in a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and

maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the complexType declaration representing the containing

metaclass of the property.

• Metaclass properties of simple type represent properties that are typed by MOF primitive types (e.g. String,

Integer etc.) or TDL enumerations. They are represented either as an XML Schema element or

attribute, depending on the multiplicity of the metaclass property. The MOF primitive type to XML

Schema simple type mapping is defined as follows:
- MOF::String -> xsd:string
- MOF::Integer -> xsd:integer
- MOF::Boolean -> xsd:Boolean
- MOF::Real -> xsd:decimal

• Metaclass properties of simple type with an upper bound of 1 are represented as attribute elements of

the complexType declaration representing the property's containing metaclass. If the lower value of the

metaclass property is 1 (i.e. the property value is mandatory), the attribute's attribute use="required"

shall be set.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)

• Metaclass properties of simple type with an upper bound greater than 1 are represented as element

elements. Such element declarations are embedded in a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and

maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the complexType declaration representing the containing

metaclass of the property. Mixed use of both an attribute and an element elements for the same

metaclass property is not permitted.

• Metaclass properties of metaclass type composing metaclasses represent properties of a TDL metaclass that

are typed by another TDL metaclass with compositional relationship among those metaclasses. These

properties are represented as XML schema element elements. Such element declarations are embedded in

a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the

complexType declaration representing the containing metaclass of the property.

• Metaclass properties of metaclass type referencing metaclasses represent properties of a metaclass that are

typed by another TDL metaclass with a non-compositional relationship among those metaclasses. These

properties are represented as XML Schema attribute elements, or element elements if the referenced

metaclass is contained in a different XMI file. The type attribute shall be set to xsd:string in case of

attribute elements, and to the complexType declaration in case of element elements. Referencing

attributes that represent collections shall list the xmi:id of each referenced metaclass in a white-space

separated list.

• Single inheritance is represented by the XML Schema extension with base set to the qualified name of the

general metaclass.

• Multiple inheritance is not permitted by XML Schema and is not required for the TDL XMI Schema

production.
• Associations of the TDL meta-model are not represented in the TDL XMI Schema.
5.1.5 Specifics on the TDL metaclass Element

The TDL metaclass Element represents the single root metaclass for any other TDL metaclass. As such, it declares both

XMI-specific and TDL-specific attribute elements which are inherited by all other TDL metaclasses. This clause

describes the rules that shall be applied to the TDL metaclass Element:

• The Element complexType declaration contains the XMI-specific attribute elements for object identity,

i.e.:


The attribute group xmi:ObjectAttribs provide additional attribute elements from the XMI

namespace to each TDL element. These attribute elements grouped under the umbrella of the above-

mentioned name are used for the XMI object identity via xmi:id, type identification via xmi:type, and

cross-document references via xmi:href.

• The Element complexType declaration contains the XMI:Extension element in its structure, i.e.:




Both the XMI-specific concepts for object identity and general extensibility are inherited by any other

metaclass definition of the TDL meta-model, since every metaclass in the TDL meta-model is either an

immediate or a transitive subclass of the TDL metaclass Element.
5.2 Examples
5.2.1 TDL metaclass Element

The example below shows the declaration of the TDL metaclass Element. Element has a special meaning in the

meta-model, since it represents the superclass of all other TDL metaclasses.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
TDL meta-model representation
Figure 1: TDL Element metaclass definition (simplified)
XML Schema representation











5.2.2 Enumerations

The example below shows the XML Schema representation of enumerations defined in the TDL meta-model.

TDL meta-model representation
Figure 2: TDL enumeration ComponentInstanceRole example
XML Schema representation






5.2.3 Metaclasses

The example below demonstrates the representation of several aspects related to more complex metaclass definitions. It

shows both the definition of simple type properties (the role property of the metaclass ComponentInstance),

compositional associations, as well as reference associations. Simple type property declarations and reference

associations do not differ from each other in the corresponding XML Schema representation except by their type.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
12 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
TDL meta-model representation
Figure 3: Examples on composition and non-compositional associations
XML Sc
...

Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
ETSI STANDARD
Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS);
The Test Description Language (TDL);
Part 3: Exchange Format
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
Reference
RES/MTS-TDL1193v141
Keywords
language, MBT, methodology, testing, TSS&TP,
TTCN-3, UML
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2020.
All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 5

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 5

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 6

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Basic principles ........................................................................................................................................ 6

4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.2 Document Structure ............................................................................................................................................ 7

4.3 Notational Conventions ...................................................................................................................................... 7

4.4 Conformance ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 TDL XMI Schema .................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 TDL XMI Schema Production Rules ................................................................................................................. 8

5.1.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1.2 TDL metaclass Element ................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1.3 Import statements .......................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1.4 Representation of the TDL meta-model ........................................................................................................ 9

5.1.5 Specifics on the TDL metaclass Element .................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Examples .......................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2.1 TDL metaclass Element .............................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.2 Enumerations .............................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.3 Metaclasses ................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.4 Multiple inheritance .................................................................................................................................... 12

6 TDL XMI Document Serialization ......................................................................................................... 12

6.1 TDL XMI Document Production Rules ........................................................................................................... 12

6.1.1 TDL XMI Document Header Structure ...................................................................................................... 12

6.1.2 TDL XMI Document Content Structure ..................................................................................................... 13

6.1.3 Cross-document element references ........................................................................................................... 13

6.2 Examples .......................................................................................................................................................... 14

6.2.1 TDL XMI Document Header Structure Example ....................................................................................... 14

6.2.2 TDL XMI Document Content Structure Examples .................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.1 Instances of TDL metaclasses ............................................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.2 Compositional references to TDL metaclasses ..................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.3 Non-compositional references to TDL metaclasses .............................................................................. 15

6.2.2.4 Instance of TDL metaclasses with simple type properties .................................................................... 16

6.2.2.5 Handling of default values for properties .............................................................................................. 17

6.2.2.6 Cross-document references ................................................................................................................... 17

Annex A (normative): TDL XMI Schema .......................................................................................... 19

Annex B (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 78

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 79

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This final draft ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Methods for Testing and

Specification (MTS), and is now submitted for the ETSI standards Membership Approval Procedure.

The present document is part 3 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [1].

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
1 Scope

The present document specifies the exchange format of the Test Description Language (TDL) in the form of an XML

Schema derived from the TDL meta-model [1]. The intended use of the present document is to serve as the specification

of the format used for exchange of model instances and tool interoperability between TDL-compliant tools.

® ®

NOTE: OMG , UML , OCL™ and UTP™ are the trademarks of OMG (Object Management Group). This

information is given for the convenience of users of the present document and does not constitute an

endorsement by ETSI of the products named.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI ES 203 119-1 (V1.5.1): "Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS); The Test

Description Language (TDL); Part 1: Abstract Syntax and Associated Semantics".
[2] OMG : "OMG Meta Object Facility™ (MOF) Core Specification", Version 2.4.2,
formal/2014-04-03.
NOTE: Available at http://www.omg.org/spec/MOF/2.4.2/.

[3] OMG : "OMG XML Metadata Interchange™ (XMI) Specification", Version 2.4.2, formal/2014-

04-04.
NOTE: Available at http://www.omg.org/spec/XMI/2.4.2/.
[4] W3C Recommendation 26 November 2008: "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0
(Fifth Edition)".
NOTE: Available at http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml/.

[5] Recommendation ITU-T X.667: "Information technology - Procedures for the operation of object

identifier registration authorities: Generation of universally unique identifiers and their use in

object identifiers".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
6 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.
Not applicable.
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:
TDL XMI document: XMI document that represents the serialization of a TDL model
TDL XMI Schema: XMI Schema that describes valid TDL XMI documents
XMI document: XML document that represents the serialization of a MOF model
XMI Schema: XML Schema definition that describes valid XMI documents
3.2 Symbols
Void.
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
EBNF Extended Backus-Naur Form
MOF Meta-Object Facility™
TDL Test Description Language
URI Uniform Resource Identifier
UUID Universal Unique Identifier
XMI XML Metadata Interchange
XML eXtensible Markup Language
XSD XML Schema Definition
4 Basic principles
4.1 Introduction

XMI is the serialization format for persistence and interchange of TDL models. XMI stands for XML Metadata

Interchange and describes a unified way to serialize, persist, exchange and de-serialize MOF-based models [2]. The

XMI specification [3] describes both production rules to create an XMI Schema and an XMI document for a MOF

model.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
7 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)

The present document describes the production rules for both a TDL XMI Schema according to the TDL meta-model

definition and TDL XMI documents for the serialization of TDL models. A TDL XMI Schema is useful to validate

whether a TDL XMI document complies with the serialization rules specified in the present document. A complete

validation of the represented TDL model cannot be performed solely with the TDL XMI Schema due to additional

semantics introduced by MOF and XMI compared to XML Schema. Validation of TDL XMI documents shall be done

in a two-step approach:

• Lexical (syntactical) validation based on the TDL XMI Schema: this validation step assures that XMI

documents abide by the serialization rules for TDL models as described by the present document.

• Semantical validation based on the TDL meta-model definition: while deserializing TDL XMI documents, the

modelling tool shall perform semantics checks based on the specification of the TDL meta-model and the

additional XMI information.

The lexical validation is optional, since it only serves the purpose of syntactically assuring that a TDL XMI document is

valid in terms of structure. Semantical validation is always required to ensure that the XMI document is a valid

serialization of a TDL model. Due to the nature of the lexical validation, it is possible to produce valid TDL XMI

documents with respect to the TDL XMI Schema but invalid TDL XMI documents with respect to the TDL meta-model

specification.
4.2 Document Structure

The present document defines the exchange format for TDL model instances by means of a TDL XMI schema. The

document is structured as follows:

• Clause 5 "TDL XMI Schema" describes the rules that are applied for the production of a valid TDL XMI

Schema according to TDL meta-model.

• Clause 6 "TDL XMI Document Serialization" describes the production rules that shall be applied when

serializing TDL models. This clause contains a number of examples to comprehensibly illustrate the

serialization of various TDL elements.

• Annex A specifies the canonical TDL XMI Schema based on the current TDL meta-model specification [1].

4.3 Notational Conventions

For the scope of the present document, the following notational conventions apply:

• Elements from the TDL meta-model or MOF model or XMI model are typeset in italic, e.g. the property is

Optional of Member has the default value false.

• Elements from XML or XML Schema are typeset in the monospaced font Courier, e.g. the complexType

declaration.
4.4 Conformance

TDL XMI documents shall be valid and well formed as defined by the XML recommendation [4].

TDL XMI documents shall be syntactically valid according the TDL XMI Schema described in the present document.

TDL XMI documents shall be semantically valid according the TDL meta-model specification.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
8 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
5 TDL XMI Schema
5.1 TDL XMI Schema Production Rules
5.1.1 Overview

The TDL XMI Schema production rules refine the general XMI Schema derivation rules [3]. The TDL XMI Schema

production rules unify the way in which TDL XMI documents shall be represented. Since XMI is more expressive than

XML Schema in some parts which are relevant for MOF-based models, the following rules clarify how a TDL XMI

Schema copes with the higher expressiveness of XMI compared to XML Schema:

• Multiple inheritance: Multiple inheritance is not required for the TDL XMI Schema.

ID as specified in the XMI specification
• Identification: Element identification is based on the XMI attribute

[3]. The value of an element's ID shall be derived according to the algorithm for generating universally unique

identifier (UUID) specified in Recommendation ITU-T X.667 [5].

• Differences: TDL XMI Schema does not support the XMI elements Difference, Add, Replace, Delete.

• Bidirectionality: Bidirectional associations (i.e. association ends that have an opposite association end that can

be directly navigated from each other) are resolved into two associations.

• The TDL XMI Schema described in the present document should not be used for the generation of the

MOF-based TDL meta-model.

The structure of the TDL XMI Schema document complies with the XMI specification and contains the following

concepts:

• An XML version processing instruction with an encoding character set information, e.g.

.
• Any other valid XML processing instructions.
• An XML schema element, i.e. the root of the XML Schema document.
• An import XML element for the XMI namespace.
• Any other valid import XML elements to other referenced XML Schema documents.
• Declarations of concepts for the TDL meta-model.
5.1.2 TDL metaclass Element

The TDL XMI Schema element (root element of the TDL XMI Schema definition) has to comply with the following

rules:
• The namespace declaration of XML Schema shall be present and set to
xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
• The namespace declaration of XMI shall be present and set to
xmi="http://www.omg.org/XMI"
• The namespace declaration of the TDL meta-model shall be present and set to
tdl="http://www.etsi.org/spec/TDL/1.5.1"

• The target namespace declaration shall be the same as the namespace declaration for the TDL meta-model

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
9 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
5.1.3 Import statements
For the definition of import statements, the following rules shall be applied:

• An import of the fixed declarations that are mandatory for every XMI schema shall be given as first import

statement after the XMI Schema element. These declarations are in the namespace

http://www.omg.org/spec/XMI/20131001. For further information about the fixed declarations of

the XMI schema element, please refer to the XMI specification [3], clause "XMI Document and Schema

Design Principles".

• Import elements for other XML Schema documents are allowed as long as they do not contradict with the

concepts provided by the TDL meta-model or rules specified for the TDL XMI Schema document.

5.1.4 Representation of the TDL meta-model

The declaration of the concepts contained in the TDL meta-model shall comply with the following rules:

• Metaclasses are represented as a combination of the XML Schema elements complexType and element

where complexType specifies the metaclass structure and element its concrete use in a certain situation.

The use of element is required for expressing containment relationships.

• Abstract metaclasses are represented similar to concrete metaclasses, but with abstract="true" set in

the complexType declaration.

• Enumerations are represented as XML Schema simpleType elements. A restriction is used with base set

to XML Schema xsd:NCName.

• Metaclass properties in general represent properties that are typed by MOF primitive types (e.g. String,

Integer, etc.), TDL enumerations, or TDL metaclasses. They are either represented as an XML Schema

element or attribute, depending on the multiplicity of the metaclass property, the type of the metaclass

property, and whether the type of property is contained within in the same XMI file as the property or not. In

either case, the name shall be set to the property's name. The type shall be set to the XML Schema type

declaration corresponding to the property's type.

• Metaclass properties that refer to metaclasses in a different XMI file are always serialized as nested

elements. These properties are represented as XML schema elements element. Such an element

declaration is embedded in a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and

maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the complexType declaration representing the containing

metaclass of the property.

• Metaclass properties of simple type represent properties that are typed by MOF primitive types (e.g. String,

Integer etc.) or TDL enumerations. They are represented either as an XML Schema element or

attribute, depending on the multiplicity of the metaclass property. The MOF primitive type to XML

Schema simple type mapping is defined as follows:
- MOF::String -> xsd:string
- MOF::Integer -> xsd:integer
- MOF::Boolean -> xsd:Boolean
- MOF::Real -> xsd:decimal

• Metaclass properties of simple type with an upper bound of 1 are represented as attribute elements of

the complexType declaration representing the property's containing metaclass. If the lower value of the

metaclass property is 1 (i.e. the property value is mandatory), the attribute's attribute use="required"

shall be set.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
10 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)

• Metaclass properties of simple type with an upper bound greater than 1 are represented as element

elements. Such element declarations are embedded in a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and

maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the complexType declaration representing the containing

metaclass of the property. Mixed use of both an attribute and an element elements for the same

metaclass property is not permitted.

• Metaclass properties of metaclass type composing metaclasses represent properties of a TDL metaclass that

are typed by another TDL metaclass with compositional relationship among those metaclasses. These

properties are represented as XML schema element elements. Such element declarations are embedded in

a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the

complexType declaration representing the containing metaclass of the property.

• Metaclass properties of metaclass type referencing metaclasses represent properties of a metaclass that are

typed by another TDL metaclass with a non-compositional relationship among those metaclasses. These

properties are represented as XML Schema attribute elements, or element elements if the referenced

metaclass is contained in a different XMI file. The type attribute shall be set to xsd:string in case of

attribute elements, and to the complexType declaration in case of element elements. Referencing

attributes that represent collections shall list the xmi:id of each referenced metaclass in a white-space

separated list.

• Single inheritance is represented by the XML Schema extension with base set to the qualified name of the

general metaclass.

• Multiple inheritance is not permitted by XML Schema and is not required for the TDL XMI Schema

production.
• Associations of the TDL meta-model are not represented in the TDL XMI Schema.
5.1.5 Specifics on the TDL metaclass Element

The TDL metaclass Element represents the single root metaclass for any other TDL metaclass. As such, it declares both

XMI-specific and TDL-specific attribute elements which are inherited by all other TDL metaclasses. This clause

describes the rules that shall be applied to the TDL metaclass Element:

• The Element complexType declaration contains the XMI-specific attribute elements for object identity,

i.e.:


The attribute group xmi:ObjectAttribs provide additional attribute elements from the XMI

namespace to each TDL element. These attribute elements grouped under the umbrella of the above-

mentioned name are used for the XMI object identity via xmi:id, type identification via xmi:type, and

cross-document references via xmi:href.

• The Element complexType declaration contains the XMI:Extension element in its structure, i.e.:




Both the XMI-specific concepts for object identity and general extensibility are inherited by any other

metaclass definition of the TDL meta-model, since every metaclass in the TDL meta-model is either an

immediate or a transitive subclass of the TDL metaclass Element.
5.2 Examples
5.2.1 TDL metaclass Element

The example below shows the declaration of the TDL metaclass Element. Element has a special meaning in the

meta-model, since it represents the superclass of all other TDL metaclasses.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
11 Final draft ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-06)
TDL meta-model representation
Figure 1: TDL Element metaclass definition (simplified)
XML Schema representation











5.2.2 Enumerations

The example below shows the XML Schema representation of enumerations defined in the TDL meta-model.

TDL meta-model representation
Figure 2: TDL enumeration ComponentInstanceRole example
XML Schema representation






5.2.3 Metaclasses

The example below demonstrates the representation of several aspects related to more complex metaclass definitions. It

shows both the definition of simple type properties (the role property of the metaclass ComponentInstance),

compositional associations, as well as reference associations. Simple type property declarations and reference

associations do not differ from each other in the corresponding XML Schema representation exce

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
01-november-2020

Metode za preskušanje in specificiranje (MTS) - Jezik za opis preskusa (TDL) - 3.

del: Format izmenjave

Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS) - The Test Description Language (TDL) -

Part 3: Exchange Format
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
ICS:
35.060 Jeziki, ki se uporabljajo v Languages used in
informacijski tehniki in information technology
tehnologiji
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
ETSI STANDARD
Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS);
The Test Description Language (TDL);
Part 3: Exchange Format
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
2 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
Reference
RES/MTS-TDL1193v141
Keywords
language, MBT, methodology, testing, TSS&TP,
TTCN-3, UML
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2020.
All rights reserved.

DECT™, PLUGTESTS™, UMTS™ and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP™ and LTE™ are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
3 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 4

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 5

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 5

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 6

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 6

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.3 Abbreviations ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Basic principles ........................................................................................................................................ 6

4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.2 Document Structure ............................................................................................................................................ 7

4.3 Notational Conventions ...................................................................................................................................... 7

4.4 Conformance ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 TDL XMI Schema .................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 TDL XMI Schema Production Rules ................................................................................................................. 8

5.1.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1.2 TDL metaclass Element ................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1.3 Import statements .......................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1.4 Representation of the TDL meta-model ........................................................................................................ 9

5.1.5 Specifics on the TDL metaclass Element .................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Examples .......................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2.1 TDL metaclass Element .............................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.2 Enumerations .............................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.3 Metaclasses ................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.4 Multiple inheritance .................................................................................................................................... 12

6 TDL XMI Document Serialization ......................................................................................................... 12

6.1 TDL XMI Document Production Rules ........................................................................................................... 12

6.1.1 TDL XMI Document Header Structure ...................................................................................................... 12

6.1.2 TDL XMI Document Content Structure ..................................................................................................... 13

6.1.3 Cross-document element references ........................................................................................................... 13

6.2 Examples .......................................................................................................................................................... 14

6.2.1 TDL XMI Document Header Structure Example ....................................................................................... 14

6.2.2 TDL XMI Document Content Structure Examples .................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.1 Instances of TDL metaclasses ............................................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.2 Compositional references to TDL metaclasses ..................................................................................... 14

6.2.2.3 Non-compositional references to TDL metaclasses .............................................................................. 15

6.2.2.4 Instance of TDL metaclasses with simple type properties .................................................................... 16

6.2.2.5 Handling of default values for properties .............................................................................................. 17

6.2.2.6 Cross-document references ................................................................................................................... 17

Annex A (normative): TDL XMI Schema .......................................................................................... 19

Annex B (informative): Bibliography ................................................................................................... 78

History .............................................................................................................................................................. 79

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
4 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents

IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information

pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found

in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in

respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web

server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).

Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee

can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web

server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Trademarks

The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.

ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no

right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does

not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.

Foreword

This ETSI Standard (ES) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Methods for Testing and Specification

(MTS).

The present document is part 3 of a multi-part deliverable. Full details of the entire series can be found in part 1 [1].

Modal verbs terminology

In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and

"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of

provisions).

"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
5 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
1 Scope

The present document specifies the exchange format of the Test Description Language (TDL) in the form of an XML

Schema derived from the TDL meta-model [1]. The intended use of the present document is to serve as the specification

of the format used for exchange of model instances and tool interoperability between TDL-compliant tools.

® ®

NOTE: OMG , UML , OCL™ and UTP™ are the trademarks of OMG (Object Management Group). This

information is given for the convenience of users of the present document and does not constitute an

endorsement by ETSI of the products named.
2 References
2.1 Normative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at

https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.

[1] ETSI ES 203 119-1 (V1.5.1): "Methods for Testing and Specification (MTS); The Test

Description Language (TDL); Part 1: Abstract Syntax and Associated Semantics".
[2] OMG : "OMG Meta Object Facility™ (MOF) Core Specification", Version 2.4.2,
formal/2014-04-03.
NOTE: Available at http://www.omg.org/spec/MOF/2.4.2/.
[3] OMG : "OMG XML Metadata Interchange™ (XMI) Specification", Version 2.4.2,
formal/2014-04-04.
NOTE: Available at http://www.omg.org/spec/XMI/2.4.2/.
[4] W3C Recommendation 26 November 2008: "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0
(Fifth Edition)".
NOTE: Available at http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml/.

[5] Recommendation ITU-T X.667: "Information technology - Procedures for the operation of object

identifier registration authorities: Generation of universally unique identifiers and their use in

object identifiers".
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
6 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
2.2 Informative references

References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or

non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the

referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee

their long term validity.

The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the

user with regard to a particular subject area.
Not applicable.
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms apply:
TDL XMI document: XMI document that represents the serialization of a TDL model
TDL XMI Schema: XMI Schema that describes valid TDL XMI documents
XMI document: XML document that represents the serialization of a MOF model
XMI Schema: XML Schema definition that describes valid XMI documents
3.2 Symbols
Void.
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
EBNF Extended Backus-Naur Form
MOF Meta-Object Facility™
TDL Test Description Language
URI Uniform Resource Identifier
UUID Universal Unique Identifier
XMI XML Metadata Interchange
XML eXtensible Markup Language
XSD XML Schema Definition
4 Basic principles
4.1 Introduction

XMI is the serialization format for persistence and interchange of TDL models. XMI stands for XML Metadata

Interchange and describes a unified way to serialize, persist, exchange and de-serialize MOF-based models [2]. The

XMI specification [3] describes both production rules to create an XMI Schema and an XMI document for a MOF

model.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
7 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)

The present document describes the production rules for both a TDL XMI Schema according to the TDL meta-model

definition and TDL XMI documents for the serialization of TDL models. A TDL XMI Schema is useful to validate

whether a TDL XMI document complies with the serialization rules specified in the present document. A complete

validation of the represented TDL model cannot be performed solely with the TDL XMI Schema due to additional

semantics introduced by MOF and XMI compared to XML Schema. Validation of TDL XMI documents shall be done

in a two-step approach:

• Lexical (syntactical) validation based on the TDL XMI Schema: this validation step assures that XMI

documents abide by the serialization rules for TDL models as described by the present document.

• Semantical validation based on the TDL meta-model definition: while deserializing TDL XMI documents, the

modelling tool shall perform semantics checks based on the specification of the TDL meta-model and the

additional XMI information.

The lexical validation is optional, since it only serves the purpose of syntactically assuring that a TDL XMI document is

valid in terms of structure. Semantical validation is always required to ensure that the XMI document is a valid

serialization of a TDL model. Due to the nature of the lexical validation, it is possible to produce valid TDL XMI

documents with respect to the TDL XMI Schema but invalid TDL XMI documents with respect to the TDL meta-model

specification.
4.2 Document Structure

The present document defines the exchange format for TDL model instances by means of a TDL XMI schema. The

document is structured as follows:

• Clause 5 "TDL XMI Schema" describes the rules that are applied for the production of a valid TDL XMI

Schema according to TDL meta-model.

• Clause 6 "TDL XMI Document Serialization" describes the production rules that shall be applied when

serializing TDL models. This clause contains a number of examples to comprehensibly illustrate the

serialization of various TDL elements.

• Annex A specifies the canonical TDL XMI Schema based on the current TDL meta-model specification [1].

4.3 Notational Conventions

For the scope of the present document, the following notational conventions apply:

• Elements from the TDL meta-model or MOF model or XMI model are typeset in italic, e.g. the property is

Optional of Member has the default value false.

• Elements from XML or XML Schema are typeset in the monospaced font Courier, e.g. the complexType

declaration.
4.4 Conformance

TDL XMI documents shall be valid and well formed as defined by the XML recommendation [4].

TDL XMI documents shall be syntactically valid according the TDL XMI Schema described in the present document.

TDL XMI documents shall be semantically valid according the TDL meta-model specification.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
8 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
5 TDL XMI Schema
5.1 TDL XMI Schema Production Rules
5.1.1 Overview

The TDL XMI Schema production rules refine the general XMI Schema derivation rules [3]. The TDL XMI Schema

production rules unify the way in which TDL XMI documents shall be represented. Since XMI is more expressive than

XML Schema in some parts which are relevant for MOF-based models, the following rules clarify how a TDL XMI

Schema copes with the higher expressiveness of XMI compared to XML Schema:

• Multiple inheritance: Multiple inheritance is not required for the TDL XMI Schema.

ID as specified in the XMI specification
• Identification: Element identification is based on the XMI attribute

[3]. The value of an element's ID shall be derived according to the algorithm for generating universally unique

identifier (UUID) specified in Recommendation ITU-T X.667 [5].

• Differences: TDL XMI Schema does not support the XMI elements Difference, Add, Replace, Delete.

• Bidirectionality: Bidirectional associations (i.e. association ends that have an opposite association end that can

be directly navigated from each other) are resolved into two associations.

• The TDL XMI Schema described in the present document should not be used for the generation of the

MOF-based TDL meta-model.

The structure of the TDL XMI Schema document complies with the XMI specification and contains the following

concepts:

• An XML version processing instruction with an encoding character set information, e.g.

.
• Any other valid XML processing instructions.
• An XML schema element, i.e. the root of the XML Schema document.
• An import XML element for the XMI namespace.
• Any other valid import XML elements to other referenced XML Schema documents.
• Declarations of concepts for the TDL meta-model.
5.1.2 TDL metaclass Element

The TDL XMI Schema element (root element of the TDL XMI Schema definition) has to comply with the following

rules:
• The namespace declaration of XML Schema shall be present and set to
xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
• The namespace declaration of XMI shall be present and set to
xmi="http://www.omg.org/XMI"
• The namespace declaration of the TDL meta-model shall be present and set to
tdl="http://www.etsi.org/spec/TDL/1.5.1"

• The target namespace declaration shall be the same as the namespace declaration for the TDL meta-model

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
9 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
5.1.3 Import statements
For the definition of import statements, the following rules shall be applied:

• An import of the fixed declarations that are mandatory for every XMI schema shall be given as first import

statement after the XMI Schema element. These declarations are in the namespace

http://www.omg.org/spec/XMI/20131001. For further information about the fixed declarations of

the XMI schema element, please refer to the XMI specification [3], clause "XMI Document and Schema

Design Principles".

• Import elements for other XML Schema documents are allowed as long as they do not contradict with the

concepts provided by the TDL meta-model or rules specified for the TDL XMI Schema document.

5.1.4 Representation of the TDL meta-model

The declaration of the concepts contained in the TDL meta-model shall comply with the following rules:

• Metaclasses are represented as a combination of the XML Schema elements complexType and element

where complexType specifies the metaclass structure and element its concrete use in a certain situation.

The use of element is required for expressing containment relationships.

• Abstract metaclasses are represented similar to concrete metaclasses, but with abstract="true" set in

the complexType declaration.

• Enumerations are represented as XML Schema simpleType elements. A restriction is used with base set

to XML Schema xsd:NCName.

• Metaclass properties in general represent properties that are typed by MOF primitive types (e.g. String,

Integer, etc.), TDL enumerations, or TDL metaclasses. They are either represented as an XML Schema

element or attribute, depending on the multiplicity of the metaclass property, the type of the metaclass

property, and whether the type of property is contained within in the same XMI file as the property or not. In

either case, the name shall be set to the property's name. The type shall be set to the XML Schema type

declaration corresponding to the property's type.

• Metaclass properties that refer to metaclasses in a different XMI file are always serialized as nested

elements. These properties are represented as XML schema elements element. Such an element

declaration is embedded in a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and

maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the complexType declaration representing the containing

metaclass of the property.

• Metaclass properties of simple type represent properties that are typed by MOF primitive types (e.g. String,

Integer etc.) or TDL enumerations. They are represented either as an XML Schema element or

attribute, depending on the multiplicity of the metaclass property. The MOF primitive type to XML

Schema simple type mapping is defined as follows:
- MOF::String -> xsd:string
- MOF::Integer -> xsd:integer
- MOF::Boolean -> xsd:Boolean
- MOF::Real -> xsd:decimal

• Metaclass properties of simple type with an upper bound of 1 are represented as attribute elements of

the complexType declaration representing the property's containing metaclass. If the lower value of the

metaclass property is 1 (i.e. the property value is mandatory), the attribute's attribute use="required"

shall be set.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
10 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)

• Metaclass properties of simple type with an upper bound greater than 1 are represented as element

elements. Such element declarations are embedded in a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and

maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the complexType declaration representing the containing

metaclass of the property. Mixed use of both an attribute and an element elements for the same

metaclass property is not permitted.

• Metaclass properties of metaclass type composing metaclasses represent properties of a TDL metaclass that

are typed by another TDL metaclass with compositional relationship among those metaclasses. These

properties are represented as XML schema element elements. Such element declarations are embedded in

a choice model group with minOccurs="0" and maxOccurs="unbounded" attributes within the

complexType declaration representing the containing metaclass of the property.

• Metaclass properties of metaclass type referencing metaclasses represent properties of a metaclass that are

typed by another TDL metaclass with a non-compositional relationship among those metaclasses. These

properties are represented as XML Schema attribute elements, or element elements if the referenced

metaclass is contained in a different XMI file. The type attribute shall be set to xsd:string in case of

attribute elements, and to the complexType declaration in case of element elements. Referencing

attributes that represent collections shall list the xmi:id of each referenced metaclass in a white-space

separated list.

• Single inheritance is represented by the XML Schema extension with base set to the qualified name of the

general metaclass.

• Multiple inheritance is not permitted by XML Schema and is not required for the TDL XMI Schema

production.
• Associations of the TDL meta-model are not represented in the TDL XMI Schema.
5.1.5 Specifics on the TDL metaclass Element

The TDL metaclass Element represents the single root metaclass for any other TDL metaclass. As such, it declares both

XMI-specific and TDL-specific attribute elements which are inherited by all other TDL metaclasses. This clause

describes the rules that shall be applied to the TDL metaclass Element:

• The Element complexType declaration contains the XMI-specific attribute elements for object identity,

i.e.:


The attribute group xmi:ObjectAttribs provide additional attribute elements from the XMI

namespace to each TDL element. These attribute elements grouped under the umbrella of the above-

mentioned name are used for the XMI object identity via xmi:id, type identification via xmi:type, and

cross-document references via xmi:href.

• The Element complexType declaration contains the XMI:Extension element in its structure, i.e.:




Both the XMI-specific concepts for object identity and general extensibility are inherited by any other

metaclass definition of the TDL meta-model, since every metaclass in the TDL meta-model is either an

immediate or a transitive subclass of the TDL metaclass Element.
5.2 Examples
5.2.1 TDL metaclass Element

The example below shows the declaration of the TDL metaclass Element. Element has a special meaning in the

meta-model, since it represents the superclass of all other TDL metaclasses.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1:2020
11 ETSI ES 203 119-3 V1.4.1 (2020-08)
TDL meta-model representation
Figure 1: TDL Element metaclass definition (simplified)
XML Schema representation











5.2.2 Enumerations
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.