Industrial-process measurement, control and automation - Digital factory framework - Part 1: General principles (IEC 62832-1:2020)

This part of IEC 62832 defines the general principles of the Digital Factory framework (DF
framework), which is a set of model elements (DF reference model) and rules for modelling
production systems.
This DF framework defines:
• a model of production system assets;
• a model of relationships between different production system assets;
• the flow of information about production system assets.
The DF framework does not cover representation of building construction, input resources (such
as raw production material, assembly parts), consumables, work pieces in process, nor end
products.
It applies to the three types of production processes (continuous control, batch control and
discrete control) in any industrial sector (for example aeronautic industries, automotive,
chemicals, wood).
NOTE This document does not provide an application scenario for descriptions based on ISO 15926 (all parts),
because ISO 15926 (all parts) uses a different methodology for describing production systems.
The representation of a production system according to this document is managed throughout
all phases of the production system life cycle (for example design, construction, operation or
maintenance). The requirements and specification of software tools supporting the DF
framework are out of scope of this document.

Industrielle Leittechnik - Grundstruktur der digitalen Fabrik - Teil 1: Allgemeine Grundsätze (IEC 62832-1:2020)

Mesure, commande et automation dans les processus industriels - Cadre de l'usine numérique (digital factory) - Partie 1: Principes généraux (IEC 62832-1:2020)

L'IEC 62832-1:2020 définit les principes généraux du cadre de l’usine numérique (Digital Factory) (cadre DF), lequel est un ensemble d'éléments de modèles (modèle de référence DF) et de règles de modélisation des systèmes de production. Ce cadre DF définit: • un modèle d’actif du système de production; • un modèle de relations entre les différents actifs du système de production; • le flux d'informations relatives aux actifs du système de production. Le cadre DF ne couvre pas la représentation des constructions immobilières, des ressources d'entrée (les matières premières, les pièces d'assemblage, par exemple), des consommables, des pièces de fabrication ni des produits finis. Il s'applique aux trois types de processus de production (le contrôle continu, le contrôle par lots et le contrôle discret) dans tous les secteurs industriels (l'industrie aéronautique, le secteur automobile, les produits chimiques, le bois, par exemple).

Meritev, nadzor in avtomatizacija merilnega industrijskega procesa - Okvir za digitalno tovarno - 1.del: Splošna načela (IEC 62832-1:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
16-Feb-2020
Publication Date
14-Jan-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-Dec-2020
Due Date
13-Feb-2021
Completion Date
15-Jan-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
01-februar-2021
Meritev, nadzor in avtomatizacija merilnega industrijskega procesa - Okvir za
digitalno tovarno - 1.del: Splošna načela (IEC 62832-1:2020)

Industrial-process measurement, control and automation - Digital factory framework -

Part 1: General principles (IEC 62832-1:2020)

Industrielle Leittechnik - Grundstruktur der digitalen Fabrik - Teil 1: Allgemeine

Grundsätze (IEC 62832-1:2020)
Mesure, commande et automation dans les processus industriels - Cadre de l'usine
numérique (digital factory) - Partie 1: Principes généraux (IEC 62832-1:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 62832-1:2020
ICS:
25.040.40 Merjenje in krmiljenje Industrial process
industrijskih postopkov measurement and control
SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 62832-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2020
ICS 25.040.40
English Version
Industrial-process measurement, control and automation - Digital
factory framework - Part 1: General principles
(IEC 62832-1:2020)

Mesure, commande et automation dans les processus Industrielle Leittechnik - Grundstruktur der digitalen Fabrik -

industriels - Cadre de l'usine numérique (digital factory) - Teil 1: Allgemeine Grundsätze

Partie 1: Principes généraux (IEC 62832-1:2020)
(IEC 62832-1:2020)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2020-11-30. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 62832-1:2020 E
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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
EN IEC 62832-1:2020 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 65/836/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 62832-1, prepared by IEC/TC 65 "Industrial-

process measurement, control and automation" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and

approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 62832-1:2020.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2021-08-30

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2023-11-30

document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62832-1:2020 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 61360 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 61360 (series)
IEC 61360-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61360-1
IEC 61360-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61360-2
IEC 61987 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61987 (series)
IEC 61987-10:2009 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61987-10:2009 (not modified)
IEC 62264 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 62264 (series)
IEC 62264-1:2013 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62264-1:2013 (not modified)
IEC 62264-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62264-2
IEC 62683 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 62683 (series)
ISO 11354-1:2011 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 11354-1:2011 (not modified)
IEC 62656 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 62656 (series)
ISO 19439 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 19439
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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
EN IEC 62832-1:2020 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the

relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available

here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 62832-2 - Industrial-process measurement, control EN IEC 62832-2 -
and automation - Digital factory framework
- Part 2: Model elements
IEC 62832-3 - Industrial-process measurement, control EN IEC 62832-3 -
and automation - Digital factory framework
- Part 3: Application of Digital Factory for
life cycle management of production
systems
IEC 62832 series Industrial-process measurement, control EN IEC 62832 series
and automation - Digital factory framework
ISO/IEC 6523 series Information technology - Structure for the - -
identification of organizations and
organization parts
ISO/IEC 11179-6 - Information technology - Metadata - -
registries (MDR) – Part 6: Registration
ISO/TS 29002-5 2009 Industrial automation systems and - -
integration - Exchange of characteristic
data – Part 5: Identification scheme
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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
IEC 62832-1
Edition 1.0 2020-10
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Industrial-process measurement, control and automation – Digital factory
framework –
Part 1: General principles
Mesure, commande et automation dans les processus industriels – Cadre de
l’usine numérique (digital factory) –
Partie 1: Principes généraux
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 25.040.40 ISBN 978-2-8322-8986-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
– 2 – IEC 62832-1:2020 © IEC 2020
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6

0.1 Market demand and situation .................................................................................. 6

0.2 History of standardization in this area ..................................................................... 6

0.3 Purpose and benefits of IEC 62832 (all parts) ......................................................... 7

0.4 Contents of IEC 62832 (all parts) ............................................................................ 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms, definitions, abbreviated terms and conventions .................................................... 9

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 9

3.2 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 12

4 Overview of the DF framework ....................................................................................... 13

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 13

4.2 DF reference model .............................................................................................. 14

4.3 Use of the Digital Factory ...................................................................................... 15

5 DF reference model ....................................................................................................... 16

5.1 Concept identifier .................................................................................................. 16

5.2 Concept dictionary entry ....................................................................................... 17

5.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 17

5.2.2 Data element type ......................................................................................... 18

5.2.3 CDEL definition ............................................................................................. 18

5.2.4 DF asset class definition ................................................................................ 18

5.3 Concept dictionary ................................................................................................ 18

5.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 18

5.3.2 DF dictionary ................................................................................................. 18

5.4 Data element ........................................................................................................ 19

5.5 Collection of data elements ................................................................................... 19

5.6 DF asset class ...................................................................................................... 20

5.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

5.6.2 DF asset class header ................................................................................... 20

5.6.3 DF asset class body ...................................................................................... 20

5.7 View element ........................................................................................................ 21

5.8 Library .................................................................................................................. 22

5.8.1 General ......................................................................................................... 22

5.8.2 Supplier library .............................................................................................. 22

5.8.3 DF library ...................................................................................................... 22

5.9 DF asset ............................................................................................................... 23

5.9.1 General ......................................................................................................... 23

5.9.2 DF asset header ............................................................................................ 23

5.9.3 DF asset body ............................................................................................... 23

5.10 Model elements for relationship ............................................................................ 24

5.10.1 DF asset link ................................................................................................. 24

5.10.2 DF asset class association ............................................................................ 25

5.10.3 Generic association ....................................................................................... 25

5.10.4 Data element relationship .............................................................................. 25

5.10.5 DF asset assignment ..................................................................................... 26

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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
IEC 62832-1:2020 © IEC 2020 – 3 –

5.11 Digital Factory ...................................................................................................... 26

6 Rules of the DF framework ............................................................................................ 27

6.1 Representing a production system ........................................................................ 27

6.2 Rules for integration in the DF library .................................................................... 28

6.3 Rules for using DF assets in a Digital Factory ....................................................... 29

6.4 Reuse of a Digital Factory structure ...................................................................... 29

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 30

Figure 1 – DF framework overview ........................................................................................ 14

Figure 2 – Overview of the Digital Factory and example activities ......................................... 16

Figure 3 – Identification standard .......................................................................................... 17

Figure 4 – Example of sourcing of a DF concept dictionary ................................................... 19

Figure 5 – Example of basic DF asset class .......................................................................... 20

Figure 6 – Example of composite DF asset class .................................................................. 21

Figure 7 – Example of composite DF asset ........................................................................... 24

Figure 8 – Example of data element relationships ................................................................. 26

Figure 9 – Example of DF asset and DF asset class ............................................................. 28

Figure 10 – Integration with the DF library ............................................................................ 29

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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
– 4 – IEC 62832-1:2020 © IEC 2020
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
INDUSTRIAL-PROCESS MEASUREMENT, CONTROL
AND AUTOMATION – DIGITAL FACTORY FRAMEWORK –
Part 1: General principles
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international

co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and

in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications, Technical Reports,

Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC Publication(s)”). Their

preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with

may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising

with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for

Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between

any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent

rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62832-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 65:

Industrial-process measurement, control and automation.

This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC TS 62832-1 published in 2016.

This edition constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

Technical Specification:
• correction of terms and definition of additional terms (Clause 3);
• correction of description of header;
• moved UML diagram to IEC 62832-2.
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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
IEC 62832-1:2020 © IEC 2020 – 5 –
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
65/836/FDIS 65/845/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in the

report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 62832 series, published under the general title, Industrial-process

measurement, control and automation – Digital Factory framework can be found on the IEC

website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct understanding

of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a colour printer.

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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
– 6 – IEC 62832-1:2020 © IEC 2020
INTRODUCTION
0.1 Market demand and situation

High performance, flexible dynamic processes, and agile machines and production systems are

essential to meet the demands for quality, delivery and cost of the products. This situation

results in an increased complexity of the plant life cycle. In addition, all existing information of

a product or a production system is described and modified through the whole life cycle of a

product or of a production system, for example during the planning, development process, and

operation. This situation spurs the enterprise to exchange product data and production system

data in electronic form.

However, each enterprise and each department inside the enterprise describe their products

and production systems according to their own data management schemes, often using different

terms, structures, and media.

EXAMPLE Examples for data management schemes are paper-based, databases, disks, e-catalogues, and cloud.

Therefore, no seamless information exchange between all the actors involved in the life cycles

of both products and production systems can be found.

Efficient exchange of data between and within enterprises can only be performed if syntax

(format) and semantics (meaning) of the information has been defined in a unanimous and

shared manner.
0.2 History of standardization in this area

Earlier work on electronic product data started with the initial objective to replace paper data

sheets with an electronic description of electronic components used in products, and to use it

in software tools for electronic wiring and assembly (for example, when designing electronic

boards).

Additionally, concepts were developed for profiling of devices used in production systems, in

order to describe parameters and behavioural aspects to facilitate integration and reduce

engineering costs, providing guides for standards developers.
NOTE 1 See Device Profile Guideline (IEC TR 62390).

IEC 61987-10 made an important step toward this objective by defining fundamentals that aim

at describing devices used in production systems by creating lists of properties (LOPs). The

properties themselves are compiled into blocks that describe given features of a device. Further

parts of IEC 61987 and other related standards (e.g. IEC 62683 (all parts)) define reference

LOPs for electronic/electric components and materials used in electro-technical equipment and

systems, such as equipment for measuring flows, pressures, temperatures, levels and densities.

NOTE 2 Although the title of IEC 62683 is "Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear – Product data and properties

for information exchange", the intent of IEC 62832 is to use the information exchange for interoperability in describing

devices that are used in production systems.

IEC 61360-1, IEC 61360-2 and ISO 13584-42 specify the principles to be used for defining

characterization classes of parts and their properties. As a result, a database was developed,

also named IEC Common Data Dictionary (IEC CDD), which contains the reference collection

of classes and associated properties. ISO 22745 (all parts) specifies open technical dictionaries

(OTDs) and their application to master data. ISO/IEC Guide 77 provides recommendations for

the description of products and their properties for the creation of these classes, catalogues

and reference dictionaries.

NOTE 3 ISO/IEC Guide 77 uses the term "product". It is taken to include devices, processes, systems, installations,

etc.
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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
IEC 62832-1:2020 © IEC 2020 – 7 –

ISO 15704 specifies requirements of enterprise reference architectures and methodologies for

supporting the applications in terms of the interoperability, the integration, and the architectures

of the applications throughout the life cycle and supply chain aspects of the systems.

A number of efforts have addressed the development of business and manufacturing enterprise

models to aid in understanding of different aspects of the enterprise to realize improvements in

enterprise operations. Additionally, models for enterprise and control systems have been

developed to support the production operations, but gaps remain in development of models to

bridge from the manufacturing system design environments to the manufacturing operation

environments, in terms of sharing information of the process, equipment, and devices.

NOTE 4 IEC 62264 (all parts) defines models of functions in the manufacturing and control domains and information

exchanged with the enterprise domain.
0.3 Purpose and benefits of IEC 62832 (all parts)

While the standards mentioned above provide a method for describing properties of a given

device, IEC 62832 (all parts) extends this method by defining a reference model for the

representation of production systems, which include the devices.

In order to manage a production system effectively throughout its life cycle, it is very important

to have its digital representation and to maintain the contents appropriately in response to its

evolution in its life cycle. Activities related to the production system will access, update, and

use the contents of digital representation in order to support the whole life cycle of the

production system. This digital representation provides a consistent information interchange

between all processes and partners involved and makes related information understandable,

reusable and changeable through the entire production system life cycle.

Dictionaries and models can help to establish such digital representation by providing

descriptions of elements, such as equipment and devices, of the production system. However,

additional information is needed in order to achieve the intended digital representation of

production systems, such as descriptions of relationship between the elements.

IEC 62832 (all parts) provides a framework for establishing and maintaining the digital

representations of production systems, including the elements, relationships between these

elements and the exchange of information about these elements.

The framework aims at reducing the interoperability barriers for exchange of information for the

various activities related to production systems. The main advantages of this method are that

all information related to a production system is described in a standardized manner, and it can

be used and modified through its entire life cycle.

The method defined in IEC 62832 (all parts) is kept as generic as possible in order to enable

its use in several industrial sectors.

NOTE Enterprise modelling concepts are described in standards referenced in the Bibliography (for example

ISO 15704, ISO 11354-1).
0.4 Contents of IEC 62832 (all parts)
IEC 62832 (all parts) consists of multiple parts which provide:

• general introduction to the model and principles of the Digital Factory framework (DF

framework) (IEC 62832-1);

• detailed data model for all the model elements of the DF framework (IEC 62832-2);

• description of how the DF framework is used to manage the life cycle of a production system

(IEC 62832-3).
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SIST EN IEC 62832-1:2021
– 8 – IEC 62832-1:2020 © IEC 2020
INDUSTRIAL-PROCESS MEASUREMENT, CONTROL
AND AUTOMATION – DIGITAL FACTORY FRAMEWORK –
Part 1: General principles
1 Scope

This part of IEC 62832 defines the general principles of the Digital Factory framework (DF

framework), which is a set of model elements (DF reference model) and rules for modelling

production systems.
This DF framework defines:
• a model of production system assets;
• a model of relationships between different production system assets;
• the flow of information about production system assets.

The DF framework does not cover representation of building construction, input resources (such

as raw production material, assembly parts), consumables, work pieces in process, nor end

products.

It applies to the three types of production processes (continuous control, batch control and

discrete control) in any industrial sector (for example aeronautic industries, automotive,

chemicals, wood).

NOTE This document does not provide an application scenario for descriptions based on ISO 15926 (all parts),

because ISO 15926 (all parts) uses a different methodology for describing production systems.

The representation of a production system according to this document is managed throughout

all phases of the production system life cycle (for example design, construction, operation or

maintenance). The requirements and specification of software tools supporting the DF

framework are out of scope of this document.
2 Normat
...

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