ISO 1899:2009 specifies a method for the determination of the linear density of glass-fibre, carbon-fibre, aramid-fibre and any other reinforcement-fibre yarns.
It is applicable to all types of yarn, including single yarns, double and cabled yarns, textured yarns, rovings and staple-fibre yarns.

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ISO 1890:2009 specifies a method for the determination of twist in yarns made from textile glass, carbon, aramid or any other reinforcement fibres.
The method applies to single yarns (one twist) and to folded or cabled yarns (two or more twists). For folded and cabled yarns, the method is generally applied only to the final twist step.
The International Standard is applicable to package-wound yarns. If the measurement is carried out on yarns taken from a beam (or warp) or from a fabric, the result is of an indicative nature only.
The method is not applicable to products made from staple fibres.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the preparation of specimens of compression moulding composites for determining the anisotropy induced by material flow.
It is applicable to all SMC/BMC and GMT/LFT composites, which are being moulded under defined moulding conditions as described in EN ISO 12115 and ISO 1268-9.

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ISO 9163:2005 specifies two methods for the determination of the tensile stress at break of an impregnated roving:
a reference method using test specimens produced with moulded epoxy tabs;a short method using test specimens with no tabs or simple cardboard or composite tabs.
The methods are applicable to both assembled (multistrand) and direct (multifilament) rovings; nevertheless the reference method may be used for various linear densities, but the short method is described for 1200 tex rovings only, which is the linear density that allows the roving to spread out most easily to give a flat tape.

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This part 3 of EN 14118 provides the technical specification for chopped strands and continuous filaments mats covered by the part 1.

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This part 2 of EN 14118 provides the list of test methods and general requirements for chopped strand and continuous filament mats covered by the part 1.

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1.1   This part 1 of EN 14118 establishes a method of designation for chopped strand and continuous filament mats made from textile glass strands, which may be used as the basis for specifications.
1.2   This designation system is for chopped strand an continuous filament mats used for the reinforcement of plastics and hydraulic matrices.
It does not apply to mats made from staple fibres, nor to mechanical or stitched bonded materials and to veils.
1.3   It is not intended to imply that mats having the same designation give necessarily the same performance. Nor is the designation system intended to cover all the characteristics of mats. This part 1 of EN 14118 does not give engineering data, performance data or data which may be required to specify chopped strand and continuous filament mats for a particular application or method of processing.
If such additional properties are required they shall be determined in accordance with the test methods specified in EN 14118-2.

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This part of this European Standard gives a technical specification for rovings that are made from continuous filament textile glass. It defines those parameters which shall be specified plus other parameters which may be specified if required for a particular application or processing method.
The specification does not define absolute or nominal values for any parameter. The value of a specified parameter is to be defined by the manufacturer but this specification defines the method of test to be used to determine the value of each specified parameter and the tolerance about which the parameter shall be controlled by the manufacturer.
The parameters which shall always be defined in any roving specification are defined in clause 4.1 and 4.2. The other parameters which are included in a specification shall either be nominated by the manufacturer or agreed between manufacturer and customer. These parameters are defined in clause 4.3.

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This part of this European Standard establishes a method of designation for roving made from continuous filament textile glass strands, which may be used as the basis for specifications.
This designation system is for roving used for the reinforcement of plastics and hydraulic matrices, and the manufacture of woven materials.
It does not apply to roving made from staple fibres.
It is not intended to imply that roving having the same designation give necessarily the same performance. Nor is the designation system intended to cover all the characteristics of roving. This part of this European Standard  does not give engineering data, performance data or data which may be required to specify roving for a particular application or method of processing.
If such additional properties are required they shall be determined in accordance with the test methods specified in Part 2 of EN 14020.

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This part of this European Standard defines test methods to be used to determine designated and specified properties given in Part 1 and 3, respectively. It defines general requirements applicable to the specification of all types of glass fibre rovings falling within the scope of this specification as defined in Part 1 of the standard.

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1.1   This Part 1 of EN 13417 establishes a method of designation for woven fabrics which may be used as a basis for specifications of fabrics used for the reinforcement of plastics.
1.2   This designation system applies to fabrics made from para-aramid, carbon, glass, polyethylene, polyester and ceramic fibre in the form of single yarns, plied yarns, cabled yarns, textured yarns, rovings, tows, etc. and which are intended to provide reinforcement in plastic composite materials.
The material used may be used on its own or in combination (hybrids).
1.3   The designation of a fabric is structured in a product hierarchy which includes several levels which determine families and sub-families of fabrics.
It is not intended that this hierarchy takes into account all the attributes of individual fabrics which may use different yarn types or different yarn counts. Neither is it intended to imply that woven fabrics having the same designation give necessarily the same performance.
This Part 1 of EN 13417 does not give engineering data, performance data or data which may be required to specify woven fabrics for a particular application or method of processing.
If such additional properties are required they shall be determined in accordance with the test methods specified in EN 13417-2.

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1.1   This Part 2 of EN 13417 defines the test methods to be used to determine the designated and specified properties given in Parts 1 & 3 respectively.
1.2   This Part 2 of EN 13417 defines the general requirements applicable to the specification of all types of woven fabrics falling within the scope of this specification as defined in Part 1 of the standard.

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1.1   This Part 3 of EN 13417 defines a specification for woven fabrics made from continuous filament reinforcement yarns, tows and rovings, which may be used as the basis for specifications.
The specification defines those parameters which shall be specified plus other parameters which may be specified if required for a particular application or processing method.
1.2   The specification does not define absolute or nominal values for any parameter. The value of a specified parameter is to be defined by the manufacturer but this specification defines the method of test to be used to determine the value of each specified parameter and the tolerance about which the parameter shall be controlled by the manufacturer.
1.3   The parameters which shall always be defined in any woven reinforcement fabric specification are defined in 4.1. In 4.2 the manufacturer shall define other obligatory information to be included in the specification. Other parameters can be included in the specification by agreement between manufacture and customer. These parameters are defined in clause 4.3.

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This part 1 of EN 13473 establishes a method of designation for multi-axial multi-ply fabrics which shall be used for specifications for the reinforcement of materials. The method of designation defines the structure of the multi-axial multi-ply construction and the binding system.
This designation system applies to multi-axial multi-ply fabrics made of reinforcement yarns, tows, rovings, fibre fleeces, films, foams or other materials which are intended to provide reinforcement in composite materials and which is bound to a multi-ply construction.
The designation of a multi-axial multi-ply fabric is structured in a product of multi-axial multi-ply fabrics. It is not intended that this hierarchy takes into account all the attributes of individual multi-axial multi-ply fabrics. Therefore multi-axial multi-ply fabrics having the same designation do not give necessarily the same performance. This part 1 of EN 13473 does not give engineering data, performance data or data which may be required to specify multi-axial multi-ply fabrics for a particular application or method of processing. If such additional properties are required they have to be determined in accordance with the test methods specified in EN 13473-2.

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This Part 2 of EN 13473 defines the test methods to be used to determine the designated and specified properties given in Parts 1 and 3 respectively.
Part 2 of EN 13473 defines the general requirements applicable to the specification of all types of multi-axial multi-ply fabrics falling within the scope of this specification as defined in Part 1 of this standard.

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This Part 3 of EN 13473 is a specification of multi-axial multi-ply fabrics made from reinforcement yarns, tows, rovings, fibre fleeces, films, foams or other materials which are intended to provide reinforcement in composite materials and which is bound to a multi-ply construction. This specification defines those parameters which are required for a particular application or processing method.
The parameter specifications do not define absolute or nominal values for any parameter. The values for specified parameters are defined by the application. This specification defines the test methods which shall be used to determine the values and tolerances for each specified parameter to be controlled by the textile manufacturer.
The parameters which shall be defined in the technical specification of multi-axial multi-ply fabrics are defined in clause 4 of this Part.

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1.1 This part 2 of EN 12971 defines the test methods to be used to determine the designated and specified properties given in part 1 and 3 respectively. 1.2 This part 2 of EN 12971 defines the general requirements applicable to the specification of all types of chopped strand falling within the scope of this specification as defined in part 1 of the standard.

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1.1 This International Standard establishes a system of designation for filament yarns of carbon fibre which may be used as the basis for specifications.
1.2 This designation system is applicable to filament yarns used for the reinforcement of polymer composites.
It does not apply to discontinuous fibre products pyrolized in the form of staple yarns, woven fabrics, braids, knits,
mats, etc.
1.3 The types of filament yarns are differentiated from each other by a classification system based on appropriate levels of the designatory properties:
a) tensile modulus of elasticity;
b) tensile strength;
c) linear density.
1.4 It is not intended to imply that materials having the same designation give the same performance. This International Standard does not provide engineering data, performance data or data on processing conditions which may be required to specify a material for a particular application and/or method of processing.
1.5 In order to specify a filament yarn for a particular application or to ensure reproducible processing, additional
requirements may be given in data block 3 (see clause 3).

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1.1 This part 1 of EN 12971 establishes a method of designation for chopped strands made from continuous filament textile glass strands, which may be used as the basis for specifications. 1.2 This designation system is for chopped strands used for the reinforcement of plastics and the manufacture of synthetic bonded non-woven materials. It does not apply to chopped strands made from staple fibres.

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1.1 This part 3 of EN 12971 gives a specification for chopped strands made from continuous filament textile glass. The specification defines those parameters which shall be specified plus other parameters which may be specified if required for a particular application or processing method. 1.2 The specification does not define absolute or nominal values for any parameter.

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1.1 The European Standard establishes a method of designation for para-aramid fibre filament yarns which may be used as the basis for specifications. 1.2 This designations system is for para-aramid fibre filament yarns used for the reinforcement of polymer composites to reinforce in mechanical properties. It does not apply to discontinuous fibres and para-aramid fibre products made in the form of staple yarns, woven fabrics, braids, knits, mats, etc.

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This part 2 of EN 13003 applies to high performance para-aramid fibre filament yarns and defines the methods of test which are to be used for the determination of the properties required for the designation and the specifications which are given respectively in the parts 1 and 3. This part 2 defines also the general requirements which apply to the specifications for para-aramid fibre filament yarns as listed in the part 3 of the present standard.

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This standard applies to high performance para-aramid fibre filament yarns and provides the classification and the technical requirements with tolerances for the different properties of these yarns.

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This European Standard describes the designation system for yarns based on continuous filament textile glass (single yarns, folded yarns) and excludes textures yarns and yarns based on staple fibre, rovings and pre-impregnated yarns.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the moisture content of reinfrocements products, such as continuous filament yarn, staple fibre yarn, rovings, chopped strands, mats, fabrics and other forms of reinforcements made form textile glass, carbon or aramid fibres.

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This standard is applicable to high-performance, high modulus carbon fibre filament yarns as defined in material standards. The carbon fibre filament yarns are used for manufacturing semi-finished products and for reinforcing metallic, plastic and ceramic parts. Polyacrylonitrile, pitch or viscose filament yarns are used as precursor which are transformed into carbon fibre filament yarns by controlled pyrolysis.

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This European Standard specified a method for the determination of the linear density of textile glass, carbon fibre and aramid fibre. It is applicable to all yarns including singles yarns, doubled and cabled, textured yarns, rovings and staple fibre yarns.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of twist in continuous filaments yarns made with textile glass, carbon or aramid. This method is not applicable to products made form staple fibres. For yarns without twist or with twist less than 10 T/m modified equipment is to be used in order to obtain the required precision (see paragraph 5.1).

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