This document specifies a method, using concentrated sulfuric acid, to determine the mass percentage of chlorofibres and certain other fibres, after removal of non-fibrous material, in textiles made of mixtures of
— cotton, viscose, cupro, modal, lyocell, acetate, triacetate, polyamide, polyester, elastomultiester, certain acrylic and certain modacrylic fibres
with
— chlorofibres (based on homopolymers of vinyl chloride), polypropylene, elastolefin, melamine and polypropylene/polyamide bicomponent.
The modacrylics concerned are those which give a clear solution when immersed in concentrated sulfuric acid.
This method can be used, particularly in place of the methods described in ISO 1833-12 and ISO 1833-13, in all cases where a preliminary test shows that the chlorofibres do not dissolve completely either in dimethylformamide or in the azeotropic mixture of carbon disulfide and acetone.

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This document specifies the test methods which can be used to measure elasticity and related properties of fabrics when they undergo a deformation of their surface. Two methods are specified: a dynamic method (method A) and a static method (method B). This document does not apply to narrow fabrics.
The results obtained cannot be compared. The choice of test method are agreed between parties and indicated in the test report.

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This document specifies the test methods which can be used to measure the elasticity and related properties of narrow fabrics. Two methods are itemized: one for the purpose of product quality assurance (method A) and the other for product performance when in use (method B).

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This document describes the methods of test using strips of fabric in straight strip form or as loops, which can be used to measure elasticity and related properties of fabrics, excluding narrow fabrics.

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This document specifies a method for determining the pH of the aqueous extract of textiles. The method is applicable to textiles in any form (e.g. fibres, yarns, fabrics).

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This document specifies common methods for the quantitative microscopical analysis of various mixtures of fibres. The methods described are based on the use of a light microscope (LM) or a scanning electronic microscope (SEM), on the measurements of the fibre apparent diameter (preparation of longitudinal views) or on the measurements of fibre section area (preparation of cross views), depending on the section shape of the fibres.
NOTE 1 When the section shape is circular or almost circular, the longitudinal views are appropriate. For the other section shapes, the cross views are adequate and Annex A lists conventional density of fibres to be used for the calculation of the mass percentage of the components. Pictures of section shapes of fibres can be found in ISO/TR 11827.
NOTE 2 Annex B presents statistical data on fibre diameter measurements (longitudinal view) and on fibre area measurements (cross view).
The given procedures apply to fibres in any textile form when mixtures of fibres cannot be separated by manual methods or by chemical methods.
Examples of mixtures of fibres are cashmere and wool, cotton and flax, flax and hemp.

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This document specifies methods for the identification of some bast fibres (flax, hemp, ramie) using both light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This document is also applicable to blends of these bast fibres and products made from them.

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This document describes a pneumatic pressure method for the determination of bursting strength and bursting distension of textile fabrics.
NOTE ISO 13938-1 describes a method using hydraulic pressure.
The method is applicable to knitted, woven, nonwoven and laminated fabrics. It can be suitable for fabrics produced by other techniques. The test is suitable for test specimens in the conditioned or wet state.
From the available data there appears to be no significant difference in the bursting strength results achieved using hydraulic or pneumatic burst testers, for pressures up to 800 kPa. This pressure range covers the majority of performance levels expected of general apparel. For speciality textiles requiring high bursting pressures, the hydraulic apparatus is more suitable.

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This document describes a hydraulic method for the determination of bursting strength and bursting distension of textile fabrics.
In this document, a hydraulic pressure is applied using a constant rate of pumping device.
NOTE ISO 13938-2 describes a method using pneumatic pressure.
The method is applicable to knitted, woven, nonwoven and laminated fabrics. It can be suitable for fabrics produced by other techniques. The test is suitable for test specimens in the conditioned or wet state.
From the available data, there appears to be no significant difference in the bursting strength results achieved using hydraulic or pneumatic burst testers, for pressures up to 800 kPa. This pressure range covers the majority of performance levels expected of general apparel. For speciality textiles requiring high bursting pressures, the hydraulic apparatus is more suitable.

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This document specifies a method, by determining the nitrogen content, to calculate the proportion of each component, after the removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— jute
with
— animal fibres.
The animal-fibre component can consist solely of hair or wool, or of any mixtures of the two.
This document is not applicable to products in which dyestuffs or finishes contain nitrogen.
NOTE Because this method differs in principle from the general method based on selective solubility set out in ISO 1833-1, it is given in a form that is complete in itself.

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This document describes the grey scale for determining staining of adjacent fabrics in colour fastness tests, and its use. A precise colorimetric specification of the scale is given as a permanent record against which newly prepared working standards and standards that may have changed can be compared.

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This document specifies a method, using carbon disulfide/acetone, to determine the mass percentage of chlorofibre, after removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— certain chlorofibres,
with
— wool, animal hair, silk, cotton, viscose, cupro, modal, lyocell, polyamide, polyester, elastomultiester, acrylic, melamine, polypropylene, polypropylene/polyamide bicomponent, polyacrylate and glass fibres.
It is also possible to analyse mixtures containing chlorofibres by using the test methods described in ISO 1833-17 or ISO 1833-21.

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This document specifies drycleaning procedures for decamethylpentacyclosiloxane (D5), using commercial drycleaning machines, for fabrics and garments. It comprises procedures for normal and sensitive materials.

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This document specifies drycleaning procedures for dibutoxymethane [1-(butoxymethoxy) butane], using commercial drycleaning machines, for fabrics and garments. It comprises procedures for normal and sensitive materials.

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This document specifies a method, using glacial acetic acid, to determine the mass percentage of acetate, after removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— acetate
with
— certain chlorofibres or after-chlorinated chlorofibres.
It is also possible to analyse mixtures containing acetate by using the test methods described in ISO 1833-3 or ISO 1833-9.

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This document specifies a method, using benzyl alcohol, to determine the mass percentage of acetate, after removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— acetate
with
— triacetate, polypropylene, elastolefin, melamine, polypropylene/polyamide bicomponent and polyacrylate fibres.

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This document specifies, for ropes of different kinds, a method of determining each of the following characteristics:
— linear density;
— diameter;
— lay length;
— braid pitch;
— elongation;
— breaking force.
This document also provides a method for measuring water repellence, lubrication and finish content, when requested by the customer.

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This document specifies the general characteristics of fibre ropes and their constituent materials. It is intended to be used in conjunction with the standards for the individual types of fibre rope, which cover the physical properties and specific requirements for that particular product type.
This document also gives some information on the use of fibre ropes and also on their inspection and retirement criteria.
This document does not intend to address all of the safety matters associated with its use.

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This document specifies a method to determine the amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in components of textile products. This method has been elaborated to achieve a limit of quantification of 0,1 mg/kg.
NOTE A list of relevant materials can be found in CEN/TR 16741 [2].

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This document specifies a test method for the determination of the content of the preservative agents (biocidal products) 2-phenylphenol (OPP) and triclosan in textile materials and articles composed of textile products, by liquid chromatography.

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This document specifies a method, using xylene, to determine the mass percentage of polypropylene, after removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— polypropylene fibres
with
— wool, animal hair, silk, cotton, viscose, cupro, modal, lyocell, acetate, triacetate, polyamide, polyester, acrylic, glass fibres, elastomultiester, melamine and polyacrylate.

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This document gives a test method for determining the amounts of dimethyl fumarate (DMFu) in textile materials and textile articles. It also includes desiccant sachets that can be present.
The test method is not applicable to metal parts. The materials to which it is applicable are given in CEN/TR 16741:2015, Tables 1 and 3.

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This document specifies a method to determine the amounts of extractable dimethylformamide (DMF) in components of textile products containing polyurethane or acrylic.
NOTE   Further information can be found in CEN/TR 16741:2015, Tables 1 and 3 that define which materials are applicable to this determination.

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This Technical Report has been written to help all users of EN 14682:2014 with the understanding of garment styling and the harmonized standard.
The document is in 'Question and Answer' format. All the garments mentioned are examples of frequently asked questions raised by the clothing industry or market surveillance authorities. The responses have been reviewed and agreed upon by CEN/TC 248/WG 20.

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This document specifies a method, using aluminium sulfate, to determine the mass percentage of cellulose fibres, after removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— cellulose fibres (natural or regenerated)
with
— polyester, polyamide, acrylic, wool and elastane fibres.

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This document specifies a method, using dichloromethane, to determine the mass percentage of triacetate or polylactide, after removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— triacetate or polylactide
with
— wool or other animal hair, silk, protein, cotton, viscose, cupro, modal,lyocell, polyamide, polyester, acrylic, elastomultiester, polypropylene, elastolefin, melamine, polypropylene/polyamide bicomponent,polyacrylate and glass fibres.
Triacetate fibres which have been partially hydrolysed (i.e. saponification) cease to be completely soluble in the reagent. In such cases, this method is not applicable.

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This document specifies a method, using cyclohexanone, to determine the mass percentage of chlorofibre, modacrylic, elastane, acetate and triacetate, after removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— acetate, triacetate, chlorofibre, certain modacrylics, certain elastanes
with
— wool, animal hair, silk, cotton, cupro, modal, viscose, lyocell, polyamide, acrylic, melamine, polyacrylate and glass fibres.
It is also possible to analyse mixtures containing chlorofibres by using the test methods described in ISO 1833-13 or ISO 1833-17.

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This document describes a testing procedure to determine the rate of lead release from all materials of textile articles.
NOTE   With this test procedure it can be demonstrated that the rate of lead release from such an article or any accessible part of an article, whether coated or uncoated, does or does not exceed 0,05 μg/cm2 per hour, and, for coated articles, that the coating is sufficient to ensure that this release rate is not exceeded for a period of at least two years of normal or reasonably foreseeable conditions of use of the article (Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, column 2 of entry 63 paragraph 7, second clause) [5].

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This document establishes a definition for the term nonwovens and provides auxiliary terminology to distinguish nonwovens from other materials.

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The effects of synthetic nanoparticles on human health and the environment are still poorly understood and therefore uncertain. In particular, it is unclear in which areas nanoparticles-dose caused negative effects in the organism or in the environment (unknown dose-response relationship). The underlying toxicological mechanisms and possible effects of nanoparticle exposure over long periods of time are poorly understood.
In product advertisements on the Internet and in reports in international journals, especially the functional properties of "nanotextiles" are described. The type of integration of the nanoparticles in textiles is often described only sparsely. Therefore, the present document is based primarily on research studies that include information on the integration of the nanoparticles in the textile material.
The purpose of the present document is to give some guidance on tests to nanoparticle release. The determination of the release of nanoparticles could be performed either through quantification by chemical analysis (5.1), or by determining the linting (5.2), for example.

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This document specifies a method using dimethylacetamide to determine the mass percentage of elastane, after removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of:
— certain elastane fibres
with
— cotton, viscose, cupro, modal, lyocell, polyamide, polyester or wool fibres.
This method is not applicable when acrylic fibres are present.
It is also possible to analyse mixtures containing certain elastane fibres by using the test methods described in ISO 1833-12 or ISO 1833-21.

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This document specifies a method, using a mixture of formic acid and zinc chloride, to determine the mass percentage of viscose, certain types of cupro, modal or lyocell, after removal of nonfibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— viscose, certain types of cupro, modal or lyocell,
with
— cotton.
This document has been initially specifically established for mixtures of viscose, certain types of cupro, modal or lyocell with cotton, it is also applicable to mixtures with polypropylene, elastolefin and melamine.
IMPORTANT — If a cupro or modal or lyocell fibre is found to be present, a preliminary test is carried out to see whether it is soluble in the reagent.
The method is not applicable to mixtures in which the cotton has suffered extensive chemical degradation. It is not applicable when the viscose, cupro, modal or lyocell fibre is rendered incompletely soluble by the presence of certain permanent finishes or reactive dyes that cannot be removed completely.

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This document specifies the method for the determination of extractable alkylphenols (AP) without derivatization step in textile and textile products.

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This document specifies the normal phase liquid chromatography (NPLC) separation method for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of extractable alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEO) in textiles and textile products.
This method provides several instrument options for the determination of alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEO) such as normal phase liquid chromatograph with mass spectrometer (NPLC/MS), normal phase liquid chromatograph with fluorescence detector (NPLC/FLD), normal phase liquid chromatograph with charged aerosol detector (NPLC/CAD) and normal phase liquid chromatograph with evaporative light scattering detector (NPLC/ELSD).

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This document specifies a test method for determining the flex resistance of rubber- or plastics‑coated fabrics in the folded condition. The test method is applicable only to products which can be clamped in the test apparatus used and to products with which the fold made in the test specimen can be caused to move back and forth along the specimen during the test.
The appearance of the test specimen, after completion of either the flex number (see 3.1) or a specified number of flex cycles, is taken as a measure of the flex resistance in the folded condition.

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This document describes methods of test using biaxial stress states for the determination of the tensile stiffness properties of biaxially oriented coated fabrics (properties along anisotropic directions, such as the weft and warp yarns for woven based coated fabrics, or along the courses and wales of knitted based coated fabrics).
Other mechanical properties (such as pattern compensation values, shear stiffness, and strength) will be described in other parts.

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This document specifies a method of analysis for determining the content of chlorobenzenes and chlorotoluenes in textile products made of components such as outer fabric, interlining, lining, plastic slide fasteners, plastic buttons, labels, threads and appliques.
The method applies to a mass fraction of 0,1 mg/kg to 10 mg/kg per single isomer. Both higher and lower concentrations can be determined if the mass of the sample is selected accordingly or if appropriate dilutions are made during the analysis.

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This document specifies requirements for 8-strand braided ropes, for 12-strand braided ropes, and for covered rope constructions for general purpose made of high modulus polyethylene (HMPE), and gives rules for their designation.
Many different types and grades of HMPE fibre exist which are commonly used to produce rope products. This document does not cover all variations in strength or product performance. The rope manufacturer is consulted to ensure the intended design meets the requirements of the application.

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This document specifies a method of test for evaluating the appearance of apparel and other textile end products after one or several domestic washing and drying treatments. The appearance evaluated includes colour change, pilling, fuzzing, matting appearance of fabrics, smoothness appearance of flat fabric and seams, and the retention of pressed-in creases in garments and other textile products, damage of components ? buttons, press fasteners, slide fasteners, etc.
This document is applicable to any washable textile end product of any fabric construction. Techniques for seaming and creasing are not included since the purpose is to evaluate textile end products as they are supplied from the manufacturer or as ready-to-use. Techniques for seaming and creasing are controlled by fabric properties.
This method has been developed primarily for use with domestic washing machines of Type B as defined in ISO 6330, but it can be used with any type of machine defined in ISO 6330.
It is recognized that prints and patterns can mask the wrinkled appearance present in textile end products. The rating process is, however, based on the visual appearance of specimens including such effects.

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This draft European Standard specifies requirements for the safety of children's cot duvets, excluding removable duvet covers, used in the child’s sleeping environment (i.e. not under supervision), and designed to provide sufficient warmth when sleeping in a cot or similar product (e.g. crib/cradle) in which a child is contained. This document specifies requirements for cot duvets suitable for children up to 36 months. Cot duvets with permanent decorative outer fabrics also known as cot quilts or coverlet are also in the scope.
NOTE   The informative Annex E lists topics of further investigations which might lead to necessary improvement of the safety requirements of children's cot duvets.
The requirements for removable cot duvet covers are excluded from this document and are covered in prEN 16779 2 (in preparation).
If a part of the children's cot duvet is designed to offer additional function (e.g. play function), in addition of the following requirements, this part will be subjected to safety requirements related to relevant standards (see A.1).

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This document specifies requirements for the safety of children's sleep bags which are used in the children's sleeping environment (i.e. not under supervision), and designed to provide sufficient warmth so as to remove the need for additional bedding when sleeping in a cot or similar product (e.g. crib/cradle) in which a child is contained. It is applicable to products for use by younger children based on the ability of the children to not being able to climb out of the cot (approximately under the age of 24 months).
NOTE   The informative Annex D lists topics of further investigations, which might lead to necessary improvement of the safety requirements of children's sleep bags.
This document does not apply to products designed for use during the care of premature children or children of low birthweight or for outdoor use or to products designed to keep a child warm in a pushchair or car seats (e.g. foot muff).
If a part of the children's sleep bag is designed to offer additional function (e.g. play function), this part will, in addition to the following requirements, be subjected to safety requirements related to relevant standards (see A.1).

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the safety of children's cot bumpers used in the children's sleeping environment (i.e. not under supervision) when sleeping in a cot or similar product (e.g. crib/cradle) in which a child is contained.
NOTE   The informative Annex C lists topics of further investigation which might lead to necessary improvement of the safety requirements of cot bumpers.
If a part of the children's cot bumpers is designed to offer additional function (e.g. play function), this part will, in addition to the following requirements, be subjected to safety requirements related to relevant standards (see A.1).

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ISO 811:2018 specifies a hydrostatic pressure method for determining the resistance of fabrics to penetration by water. The method is applicable to all types of fabrics which are intended to be water resistant whether or not they have been given a water-resistant or water-repellent finish.

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ISO 20418-1:2018 specifies a qualitative and quantitative testing method to determine the content of wool, cashmere, yak fibres and their blends in textiles by microscope preliminary screening, protein extraction, enzymatic digestion and specific peptides detection using a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer equipped with electrospray ionization source (LCI-ESI-MC).
This method can be applied to relevant textile products at each process stage (i.e. from raw material to garment) with a homogeneous distribution of the components. It can be applied to different types of textile materials (e.g. staples, tops, yarns and fabrics) that contain wool, cashmere or yak fibres and their blends. The method is based on a preliminary identification of all fibres in the blend on the basis of their morphology, by light microscopy. The proteins are then extracted by a thiourea/urea/dithiothreitol (DTT) solution. An enzymatic digestion by trypsin of the protein extracted from the fibres is carried out. Analysis of the specific markers is performed by LC-MS and the percent composition is calculated.
This method is applicable to samples containing other kinds of fibres than wool, cashmere and yak, by combining its results with the results obtained using the ISO 1833 series and/or the ISO 17751 series.
ISO 20418-1:2018 does not apply if fibres of the same animal species are present (e.g. blends of cashmere and mohair); in this case, the quantitative analysis can be performed using microscopic analysis (e.g. ISO 17751 series).

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ISO 15496:2018 describes a comparatively simple method for testing the water vapour permeability of textiles that will provide the manufacturer with a clearly recognized method for quality control within the plant.
The simple test method described in this document is not applicable for classifying the water vapour resistance of textiles against values relating to physiological effects specified in product standards, and particularly not those relating to personal protective equipment.
The method can be used for quality control but has some limitation in relation to ISO 11092, which gives a more comprehensive and relevant result for evaluation of water vapour penetration. Annex A provides further explanation of applicability.
ISO 15496:2018 cannot be used to compare results to other "dry dessicant" methods as they will not correlate. An explanation of the reasons can be found in Annex C.

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ISO 3175-4:2018 specifies simulated professional wetcleaning procedures, using a reference machine for fabrics and garments. It is intended for fabrics and garments that cannot be washed and need professional finishing. It comprises a normal process for normal materials, a mild process for sensitive materials and a very mild process for very sensitive materials.
Localized staining and stain removal fall outside the scope of this document.

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ISO 12138:2017 specifies methods for repeated domestic laundering at selected wash temperatures prior to assessing flammability behaviour of textile materials. The washing machines and procedures specified are based on those given in ISO 6330:2012, but specific requirements are provided for water hardness and volumes, detergent type and quantity, machine loading and degree of agitation.

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ISO 15797:2017 specifies test procedures and equipment which can be used in the evaluation of workwear (including, where appropriate, for some PPE garments) intended to be industrially laundered. They serve as a basis for testing relevant properties such as dimensional stability, colour characteristics, creasing, seam puckering, pilling and visual aspects in general.
ISO 15797:2017 does not provide instructions and specifications for the procedures and equipment to be used by industrial launderers.
As it is often not practical to reproduce industrial laundry processes (washing and drying/finishing) in a laboratory setting, this document provides an approach using defined intermediate scale equipment and exacting test procedures which can be used for the evaluation of workwear intended to be laundered industrially.
As ISO 15797:2017 reflects a simulation of real-life industrial laundry conditions, in some cases, testing of the workwear in the actual industrial laundering equipment and processes intended to be used is advisable when finally determining product and process compatibility.
It is not necessary to test using all eight washing procedures nor both drying procedures. A selection is made of the washing and drying procedure(s) that are best suited to the characteristics of the fabric or fabric composition and the intended use.

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ISO 3175-1:2017 specifies a method for assessing textile articles which have been tested according to ISO 3175‑2 to ISO 3175‑4.
Fabric and garment properties, which can change on drycleaning or wetcleaning and finishing, are identified and methods for assessing change using existing International Standards are given as appropriate. Other properties which are also important, but for which there are no International Standards providing methods of assessment, are indicated in Annex A (normative), together with advice on how to proceed on their assessment.

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ISO 3175-3:2017 specifies drycleaning procedures for hydrocarbon solvents, using commercial drycleaning machines, for fabrics and garments. It comprises procedures for normal and sensitive materials (see 3.3 and 3.4).
Localized staining and stain removal fall outside the scope of this document.

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