IEC 62271-214:2024 specifies requirements for internal arc classification of AC metal-enclosed pole-mounted switchgear and controlgear with rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV with service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz. This document is applicable to three-phase, two-phase and single-phase open terminal equipment for which an internal arc classification is assigned. Enclosures may include fixed and removable components and may be filled with fluid (liquid or gas) to provide insulation. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2019. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) indicators positioning update; b) neutral earthing connection of the test circuit for three-phase tests; c) general review for consistency with IEC 62271-200, Ed.3.0:2021.

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IEC 62271-207:2023 applies to - gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) assemblies - for alternating current of rated voltages above 52 kV complying with IEC 62271-203, and - for direct current of rated voltages including and above 100 kV, - for indoor and outdoor installations, including their supporting structures, - AC metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear assemblies for rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV complying with IEC 62271-200, ground or floor mounted, intended to be used under seismic conditions, and - AC solid-insulation enclosed switchgear and controlgear assemblies for rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV complying with IEC 62271-201, ground or floor mounted, intended to be used under seismic conditions. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2012. This edition constitutes a technical revision. It also cancels and replaces, through merging, the first edition of IEC TS 62271-210 published in 2013. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) modification of the minimum voltage rating from 52 kV to above 1 kV in order to include medium voltage equipment previously being within IEC TS 62271-210 scope; b) further harmonisation of qualification procedures with the revised IEEE Std 693-2018 [1], Annex A and Annex P, including 1) matching this document's required response spectra with IEEE Std 693-2018 performance level spectra and IEC TS 62271-210 spectra, 2) addition of a step-by-step procedure assisting the user of this document to select an appropriate seismic qualification level combining seismic integrity with cost-effective design, 3) addition of analytical earthquake component combination techniques, and 4) reference to publicly available accelerograms specially developed to match the IEEE Std 693-2018 spectra for testing and analysis purposes, since this document and IEC TS 62271-210 spectra are identical in shape with IEEE Std 693 spectra. c) various enhancements of test procedures; d) addition of minimum contents for seismic qualification reports; e) scope extended to cover DC GIS including and above 100 kV.

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IEC 62271-105:2021 is available as IEC 62271-105:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition. IEC 62271-105:2021 applies to three-pole units for public and industrial distribution systems which are functional assemblies of switches composed of switches or switch-disconnectors and current-limiting fuses designed so as to be capable of - breaking, at the rated voltage, any current up to and including the rated short-circuit breaking current; - making, at the rated voltage, circuits to which the rated short-circuit breaking current applies. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2012. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - the document has been updated to be in alignment with the second edition of IEC 62271-1:2017; - rated TRV has been removed (TRV is only a test parameter), as in the latest revision of IEC 62271-100; - differentiation has been introduced between requirements expressed for fulfilling the function expected from a switch-fuse combination, from requirements only relevant when the function is performed by a stand-alone device. The goal is to avoid duplication or conflicts of requirements with a standard dealing with assemblies, when the function is implemented within such an assembly.

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IEC 62271-110:2023 is available as IEC 62271-110:2023 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62271-110:2023 is applicable to AC switching devices designed for indoor or outdoor installation, for operation at frequencies of 50 Hz and 60 Hz on systems having voltages above 1 000 V and applied for inductive current switching. It is applicable to switching devices (including circuit-breakers in accordance with IEC 62271-100) that are used to switch high‑voltage motor currents and shunt reactor currents and also to high-voltage contactors used to switch high-voltage motor currents as covered by IEC 62271-106. This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: references to IEC 62271-100 and IEC 62271-106 have been updated to the latest editions.

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IEC 62271-212:2022 is available as IEC 62271-212:2022 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62271-212;2022 specifies the service conditions, rated characteristics, general structural requirements and test methods of the assemblies of the main electrical functional units of a high-voltage transformer substation, duly interconnected, for AC voltages up to and including 52 kV on the high-voltage side and service frequency 50 Hz or 60 Hz. The CEADS is cable‑connected to the high-voltage network for indoor and outdoor applications of restricted access. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2016. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - clause numbering aligned with IEC 62271-1:2017, - rewording of title and scope of the document, - implement changes on internal arc definition and testing following the evolution of prefabricated substation concept according to IEC 62271-202, - general review of main test procedures such as temperature rise or dielectric test on interconnections, considering control equipment, communication, smart grid devices and integration of components, - general review of installation, operation, safety and maintenance requirements.

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This document applies to pressurized gas-filled compartments of AC switchgear and controlgear with rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV for indoor or outdoor installations, where the gas or gas mixture is being used principally for its dielectric and/or arc-quenching properties and where the gases or gas mixtures in the compartment can be considered in conditions being chemically stable over its lifetime and non-corrosive to the material of the pressurized compartment in the conditions that prevail inside.

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This document applies to pressurized partitions used in indoor and outdoor installations of high-voltage AC and DC switchgear and controlgear with rated voltages (Ur) above 1 kV AC / 1,5 kV DC and with design pressure higher than 300 kPa, where the gas is used principally for its dielectric and/or arc-quenching properties. The partitions comprise pressurized barriers in electrical equipment not necessarily limited to the following examples: - circuit-breakers; - switch-disconnectors; - disconnectors; - earthing switches; - current transformers; - voltage transformers; - surge arresters; - busbars and connections; - cable connections/terminations; - cable bushings. Partitions which are only pressurized from one side are also covered. 1 kV AC / 1,5 kV DC means it is valid for the apparatus applied and where the partitions are installed; however, the application of voltages below 1 kV AC / 1,5 kV DC as in, for example, current and voltage transformers are not excluded. This document does not apply to high voltage bushings (see EN 60137, EN 61462 and EN 62155).

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This part of IEC 62271 applies to the procedures for handling of gases and gas mixtures for insulation and/or switching during installation, commissioning, repair, overhaul, normal and abnormal operations and disposal at the end-of-life of high-voltage switchgear and controlgear. These procedures are regarded as minimum requirements to ensure the reliability of electric power equipment, the safety of personal working with these gases and gas mixtures and to minimize the impact on the environment. Additional requirements could be given or specified in the operating instruction manual of the manufacturer. For each gas or gas mixture, which is known to be used in electric power equipment at the date of the publication of this document, a separate annex describes specifications, handling procedures, safety measures, etc. For gases or gas mixtures not covered by these annexes the electric power equipment manufacturer should provide the information needed, following the structure of these annexes. Such gases or gas mixtures should also be described in a next edition or in amendments to this edition. NOTE 1 For the use of this document, high-voltage (HV) is defined as the rated voltage above 1 000 V. However, the term medium-voltage (MV) is commonly used for distribution systems with voltages above 1 kV and generally applied up to and including 52 kV. NOTE 2 Throughout this standard, the term "pressure" stands for "absolute pressure". NOTE 3 Reference is also made to (Cigré Brochure 802, 2020). NOTE 4 For further details on gases, e.g. ecotoxicology, also refer to the chemical database ECHA (www.echa.europa.eu), which takes the actual volume band into consideration. NOTE 5 When reference to circuit-breakers is made, only gas circuit-breakers are of interest. When vacuum circuit breakers are of interest, they are explicitly mentioned.

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IEC Corrected Version

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This part of IEC 62271 specifies the service conditions, rated characteristics, general structural requirements and test methods of enclosed high-voltage prefabricated substations. These prefabricated substations are cable-connected to AC high-voltage networks with an operating voltage up to and including 52 kV and power frequencies up to and including 60 Hz. They can be manually operated from inside (walk-in type) or from outside (non-walk-in type). They are designed for outdoor installation at locations with public accessibility and where protection of personnel is provided. These prefabricated substations can be situated at ground level or partially or completely below ground level. The last are also called "underground prefabricated substations". In general, two types of prefabricated substations are considered in this document: - high-voltage switchgear prefabricated substations; - high-voltage/low-voltage transformer prefabricated substations (step-up and step-down). A high-voltage switchgear prefabricated substation comprises an enclosure containing in general the following electrical components: - high-voltage switchgear and controlgear; - auxiliary equipment and circuits. A high-voltage/low-voltage transformer prefabricated substation comprises an enclosure containing in general the following electrical components: - power transformer(s); - high-voltage and low-voltage switchgear and controlgear; - high-voltage and low-voltage interconnections; - auxiliary equipment and circuits. However, relevant provisions of this document are applicable to designs where not all these electrical components exist (for example, a prefabricated substation consisting of power transformer and low-voltage switchgear and controlgear). The listed electrical components of a high-voltage/low-voltage transformer prefabricated substation can be incorporated in the prefabricated substation either as separate components or as an assembly type CEADS according to IEC 62271-212. This document covers only designs using natural ventilation. However, relevant provisions of this document are applicable to designs using other means of ventilation except the rated power of the prefabricated substation and associated class of enclosure (see 5.101), the continuous current tests (see 7.5) and all temperature rise related requirements, which would need an agreement between manufacturer and user. NOTE 1 IEC 61936-1 [1]1 provides general rules for the design and erection of high-voltage power installations. As well, it specifies additional requirements for the external connections, erection and operation at the place of installation of high-voltage prefabricated substations compliant with IEC 62271-202, which are regarded as a component of such installation. Non-prefabricated high-voltage substations, are generally covered by IEC 61936-1 [1]. NOTE 2 High-voltage switchgear prefabricated substations can include instrument transformers, according to IEC 61869 (all parts). These substations are not high-voltage/low-voltage transformer prefabricated substations.

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IEC 62271-214:2019 specifies requirements for internal arc classification of metal-enclosed pole-mounted switchgear installations used for alternating current with rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV with service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz. This document is applicable to three-phase, two-phase and single phase equipment. Enclosures may include fixed and removable components and may be filled with fluid (liquid or gas) to provide insulation.

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This part of IEC 62271 specifies requirements for gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear in which the insulation is obtained, at least partly, by an insulating gas or gas mixture other than air at atmospheric pressure, for alternating current of rated voltages above 52 kV, for indoor and outdoor installation, and for service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz. For the purpose of this document, the terms "GIS" and "switchgear" are used for "gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear". The gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear covered by this document consists of individual components intended to be directly connected together and able to operate only in this manner. This document completes and amends, if applicable, the various relevant standards applying to the individual components constituting GIS.

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This part of IEC 62271 applies to rigid HV gas-insulated transmission lines (GIL) in which the insulation is obtained, at least partly, by a non-corrosive insulating gas, other than air at atmospheric pressure, for alternating current of rated voltages above 52 kV, and for service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz. It is intended that this international standard shall be used where the provisions of IEC 62271-203 do not cover the application of GIL (see Note 3). At each end of the HV gas-insulated transmission line, a specific element may be used for the connection between the HV gas-insulated transmission line and other equipment like bushings, power transformers or reactors, cable boxes, metal-enclosed surge arresters, voltage transformers or GIS, covered by their own specification. Unless otherwise specified, the HV gas-insulated transmission line is designed to be used under normal service conditions. Note 1 to entry: In this international standard, the term "HV gas-insulated transmission line" is abbreviated to "GIL". Note 2 to entry: In this international standard, the word "gas" means gas or gas mixture, as defined by the manufacturer. Note 3 to entry: Examples of GIL applications are given: - where all or part of the HV gas-insulated transmission line is directly buried; or - where the HV gas-insulated transmission line is located, wholly or partly, in an area accessible to public; or - where the HV gas-insulated transmission line is long (typically longer than to 500 m) and the typical gas compartment length exceeds the common practice of GIS technology.

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IEC 62271-107:2019 is available as IEC 62271-107:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62271-107:2019 applies to three-pole-operated fused circuit-switchers designed with rated voltages above 1 kV up to and including 52 kV for use on three-phase alternating current systems of either 50 Hz or 60 Hz. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2012. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) technical changes introduced by the second edition of IEC 62271-1 are applied, where relevant; b) rated TRV is removed and TRV is now treated as a test parameter), as in IEC 62271-100; c) the term "thermal current" is no longer used; the rated continuous current is linked to the installed fuse-links, and values shall be provided by the manufacturer together with the list of the acceptable fuse-links; for tests purpose, the highest rated continuous current listed is referred, where previously the wording was "rated maximum thermal current", for consistency with IEC 62271-105; d) making and breaking test duties are independent type tests (as some may be omitted if the switching device has been validated as a load-break switch). However, TDIt0 and TDIlow are kept as a sequence as they are linked to the same rated value (It0); e) differentiation has been introduced between requirements expressed for fulfilling the function expected from a fused circuit-switcher, from requirements only relevant when the function is performed by a stand-alone device. The goal is to avoid duplication or conflicts of requirements with a standard dealing with assemblies, when the function is implemented within such an assembly.

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This part of IEC 62271 is applicable to AC series capacitor by-pass switches designed for outdoor installation and for operation at frequencies of 50 Hz and 60 Hz on systems having voltages above 52 kV. It is only applicable to by-pass switches for use in three-phase systems. This document is also applicable to the operating devices of by-pass switches and to their auxiliary equipment.

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IEC 62271-209:2019 is available as IEC 62271-209:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62271-209:2019 covers the connection assembly of fluid-filled and extruded cables to gas-insulated metal enclosed switchgear (GIS), in single- or three-phase arrangements where the cable terminations are fluid-filled or dry-type and there is a separating insulating barrier between the cable insulation and the gas insulation of the switchgear. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2007. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) New numbering in accordance with ISO/IEC directives, Part 2 (2016) and to IEC 62271‑1:2017; b) Clause 3: addition of a definition for plug-in cable termination, filling pressure and minimum function pressure for insulation; c) Clause 7: An additional dielectric type test for plug-in cable termination was added; also a pressure type test as well as a leak rate test on the insulator of a cable termination was implemented; d) Clause 12: New clause about safety practices; e) Clause 13: New clause about influence of the product on the environment; f) New informative Annex A: Mechanical forces applied on the flange of the cable connection enclosure.

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IEC 62271-103:2021 is applicable to three-phase, alternating current switches and switch-disconnectors for their switching function, having making and breaking current ratings, for indoor and outdoor installations, for rated voltages above 1 kV up to and including 52 kV and for rated frequencies from 162/3 Hz up to and including 60 Hz. This document is also applicable to single-pole switches used on three-phase systems. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2011. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - this document has been aligned with IEC 62271-1:2017 and IEC 62271-102:2018; - clarifications regarding the behaviour of the switch during breaking tests regarding current interruption and restrikes have been added; - conditions of the switch after making and breaking tests have been clarified; - a new informative Annex B intended to provide guidance for the calculation of Ief1 and Ief2 has been added; - new rules for the combination of 50 Hz and 60 Hz switching tests have been defined and a new table (Table 7) has been added; - tests with specified TRV have been modified to be in accordance with the practice described in IEC 62271-100; - the behaviour of the switch during breaking tests has been clarified and boundaries for restrike allowance have been defined; - explanations for short-circuit making tests have been added; - vacuum integrity check after mechanical operations has been defined; - all test voltages for single-phase capacitive testing have been grouped under 7.101.7.3.2 and have been confirmed by simulation and calculation.

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IEC Corrected version

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IEC corrected version

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IEC 62271-101:2021 mainly applies to AC circuit-breakers within the scope of IEC 62271-100. It provides the general rules for testing AC circuit-breakers, for making and breaking capacities over the range of test duties described in 7.102 to 7.111 of IEC 62271-100:2021, by synthetic methods. It has been proven that synthetic testing is an economical and technically correct way to test high-voltage AC circuit-breakers according to the requirements of IEC 62271-100 and that it is equivalent to direct testing. The methods and techniques described are those in general use. The purpose of this document is to establish criteria for synthetic testing and for the proper evaluation of results. Such criteria will establish the validity of the test method without imposing restraints on innovation of test circuitry. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2012 and Amendment 1:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the second edition: a) alignment with the third edition of IEC 62271-100:2021; b) update this document with the last methods and techniques used for synthetic tests.

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This part of IEC 62271 applies to AC high-speed earthing switches (hereafter termed HSES) designed for indoor and outdoor installation and for operation at service frequencies of 50 Hz and 60 Hz on systems having voltages of 550 kV and above. HSESs described in this document are intended to extinguish the secondary arc remaining after clearing faults on transmission lines by the circuit-breakers. For more detailed information on HSESs, refer to Annex A.

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IEC 62271-100:2021 is applicable to three-phase AC circuit-breakers designed for indoor or outdoor installation and for operation at frequencies of 50 Hz and/or 60 Hz on systems having voltages above 1 000 V. This document includes only direct testing methods for making-breaking tests. For synthetic testing methods refer to IEC 62271-101. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2008, Amendment 1:2012 and Amendment 2:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below: – the document has been updated to IEC 62271-1:2017; – Amendments 1 and 2 have been included; – the definitions have been updated, terms not used have been removed; – Subclauses 7.102 through 7.108 have been restructured.

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IEC 62271-215:2021 is applicable to phase comparators designed to be plugged into the testing points of a voltage detecting and indicating system (VDIS) according to IEC 62271-213, to give an indication of the result of a phase comparison. The main usage is to provide a clear evidence of the phase relationship between two energized parts of a high-voltage network, at the same nominal voltage and frequency before coupling them. This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 61243-5 published in 1997 and the first edition of IEC 62271-206 published in 2011. This edition constitutes a merging of the content of IEC 61243-5 and IEC 62271-206. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous editions of IEC 61243-5 and IEC 62271-206:
the document does not include the specific phase comparators (SPCs) as defined in IEC 61243-5, which was specific to manufacturers, and takes back the technical principles of the universal phase comparator (UPC) for VDIS of all manufacturers;
the phase comparator for sequential connected operation is introduced to facilitate the operation of phase comparation of large MV panels.

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IEC 62271-213:2021 is applicable to the voltage detecting and indicating system (VDIS) to be installed on indoor and outdoor high-voltage equipment. The VDIS as defined by this document includes a coupling system per phase (capacitive, resistive coupling or other technology) to connect to live parts (main circuit). This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 61243-5 published in1997 and the first edition of IEC 62271-206 published in 2011. This edition constitutes a merging of the content of IEC 61243-5 and IEC 62271-206. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous editions of IEC 61243-5 and IEC 62271-206: a) an optional output signal is defined to be used for multipurpose use cases; b) only one interface is defined for voltage detecting and indicating system (VDIS); c) the measurement of the current carrying capacity of the voltage limiting element is considered as inaccurate and is not considered in this document. The experience shows that a probability of the failure of the coupling element is negligible.

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IEC 62271-200:2021(E) is applicable to prefabricated metal‑enclosed switchgear and controlgear assemblies designed for: – alternating current; – rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV; – service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz; – indoor and outdoor installation. The assembly can include air-insulated and/or fluid-filled compartments. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2011. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) clause numbering aligned with IEC 62271‑1:2017, including the adoption of the subclause names of Clause 3; b) in Clause 3 specific definitions are added for "in service", "normal operating condition" and "normal use"; c) internal arc testing on pole-mounted switchgear is taken out of this document, as it is now covered by the specific standard IEC 62271‑214:2019; d) a more precise description of earthing circuit is given with the inclusion of ratings and test requirements; e) number of mechanical tests on interlocks is reduced for type testing; a more precise description of forces to apply during type testing is given (refer to 7.102); f) resistance measuring on main circuit is only needed before continuous current tests (as reference for routine tests) and no longer needed after this continuous current test. Rationale for this deletion is that this measured resistance does not mean anything; as the temperature rise test was just finished, a new temperature rise test will not give new information; g) IEC 62271-100:2021, IEC 62271-103:2021, IEC 62271-105:2021 and IEC 62271-106:2021 are referred to in the document; h) IEC 62271‑107:2019 and IEC IEEE 62271‑37‑013:2015 are also considered in 7.101.2; i) a more precise description of LSC category is given with the inclusion of an explanatory flowchart (Annex D); j) examples not covered by the IAC test are transferred from Clause 6 to 9.103; k) the term "assembly" is defined in Clause 3 and used as synonym for "metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear" in this document; l) "metallic" is replaced by "metal" where applicable; m) 6.105 is now covered by 7.7; n) a 1 s rule was introduced for Criterion 4 during IAC tests regarding hot gases versus glowing particles as cause of ignition; o) a more precise description of internal arc tests for switchgear with protrusions is given in Annex A.

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IEC 62271-102:2018 applies to alternating current disconnectors and earthing switches, designed for indoor and outdoor installations for nominal voltages above 1 000 V and for service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2001, Amendment 1:2011 and Amendment 2:2013. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
new numbering according to IEC 17/1025/RQ to harmonize with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, and IEEE Std. C37.100.1;
clause numbering has been aligned with IEC 62271-1:2017;
the Scope has been extended to cover all indoor and outdoor installations. Consideration of switching devices having disconnecting and/or earthing switch functionalities, apart from other functions, are also covered by this document;
ratings have been moved from Annexes B, C and E to Clause 5; the order of the subclauses now corresponds to the order of subclauses in Clause 7;
new rating values for bus-transfer current and bus-transfer voltage have been assigned;
new class of mechanical endurance for earthing switches has been added (M1);
subclause "Rated values of electrical endurance for earthing switches" is now called "Classification of earthing switches for short-circuit making capability";
new subclause with ratings for ice-coating has been added;
new subclause with classification of bus-charging switching capability has been added;
new withstand requirements for interlocking devices have been added;
the way to comply with the requirements of the isolating distance of disconnectors has been modified;
design and construction requirements for position-indicating devices have been modified, aligning the requirements for position indication and signalling;
the value of the operating force has been changed;
the test procedures and validation criteria have been revised and modified where necessary;
requirements for applied voltage during single-phase test on non-simultaneous closing earthing switches have been changed;
non-verifiable requirements have been deleted;
a new subclause has been added for testing mechanical interlocking devices;
the high- and low-temperature test is mandatory if the temperature limits for the service conditions of the apparatus (defined by the manufacturer) are above +40 °C or below −5 °C, and a more detailed testing procedure is given;
the testing procedure to verify the proper functioning of the position-indicating device allows a more practicable testing for every technology used;
a new Annex B has been added with title: "Current-switching capability required of disconnectors and earthing switches";
a new Annex C has been added with title: "Tolerances on test quantities for type tests";
a new Annex E has been added with title: "Extension of validity of type tests".

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This part of IEC 62271 applies to AC contactors and/or contactor-based controllers and motorstarters designed for indoor installation and operation at frequencies up to and including 60 Hz on systems having voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 24 kV. This document also includes additional requirements for outdoor installations where the equipment is housed in an additional protective enclosure. It is applicable only to three-pole devices for use in three-phase systems, and single-pole devices for use in single-phase systems. Two-pole contactors and starters for use in single-phase systems are subject to agreement between manufacturer and user. Contactors and/or starters dealt with in this document typically do not have adequate short-circuit interruption capability. In this context, this document gives requirements for: - starters associated with separate short-circuit protective devices; - controllers - contactors combined with short-circuit protective devices (SCPD). Contactors intended for closing and opening electric circuits and, if combined with suitable relays, for protecting these circuits against operating overloads are covered in this document. This document is also applicable to the operating devices of contactors and to their auxiliary equipment. Motor-starters intended to start and accelerate motors to normal speed, to ensure continuous operation of motors, to switch off the supply from the motor and to provide means for the protection of motors and associated circuits against operating overloads are dealt with. Motor-starter types included are: - direct-on-line starters; - reversing starters; - two-direction starters; - reduced kVA (voltage) starters; - auto-transformer starters; - rheostatic starters; - reactor starters. This document does not apply to: - circuit-breaker-based motor-starters; - single-pole operation of multi-pole contactors or starters; - two-step auto-transformer starters designed for continuous operation in the starting position; - unbalanced rheostatic rotor starters, i.e. where the resistances do not have the same value in all phases; - equipment designed not only for starting, but also for adjustment of speed; - liquid starters and those of the "liquid-vapour" type; - semiconductor contactors and starters making use of semiconductor contactors in the main circuit; - rheostatic stator starters; - contactors or starters designed for special applications. This document does not deal with components contained in contactors and contactor-based motor-starters, for which individual specifications exist. NOTE 1 Thermal electrical relays are covered by IEC 60255-149. NOTE 2 High-voltage current-limiting fuses are covered by IEC 60282-1 and IEC 60644. NOTE 3 Metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear for rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV are covered by IEC 62271-200. NOTE 4 Disconnectors and earthing switches are covered by IEC 62271-102. NOTE 5 High-voltage switches above 1 kV and less than 52 kV are covered by IEC 62271-103. The object of this document is to state: a) the characteristics of contactors and starters and associated equipment; b) the conditions with which contactors or starters comply with reference to: 1) their operation and behaviour, 2) their dielectric properties, 3) the degrees of protection provided by their enclosures, where applicable, 4) their construction, 5) for controllers, interactions between the various components, for example SCPD co-ordination; c) the tests intended for confirming that these conditions have been met, and the methods to be adopted for these tests; d) the information to be given with the equipment or in the manufacturer's literature.

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The contents of the corrigendum of January 2018 have been included in this copy.

  • Amendment
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NEW!IEC 62271-110:2017 is available as IEC 62271-110:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62271-110:2017 is applicable to AC switching devices designed for indoor or outdoor installation, for operation at frequencies of 50 Hz and 60 Hz on systems having voltages above 1 000 V and applied for inductive current switching. It is applicable to switching devices (including circuit-breakers in accordance with IEC 62271-100) that are used to switch high‑voltage motor currents and shunt reactor currents and also to high-voltage contactors used to switch high-voltage motor currents as covered by IEC 62271-106. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2012 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - all switching devices are now covered, not only circuit-breakers; - a limited number of T10 tests no longer covers shunt-reactor switching tests below 52 kV; - evaluation and reporting of a re-ignition-free arcing time window has been added.

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IEC 62271-104:2020 is applicable to three-pole alternating current switches for rated voltages higher than 52 kV, having making and breaking current ratings, for indoor and outdoor installations, and for rated frequencies up to and including 60 Hz. This third edition replaces and cancels the second edition published in 2015. It constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - new numbering, following IEC 62271-1:2017.

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This part of EN 62271 applies to high-voltage alternating current disconnecting circuit-breakers for operation at frequencies of 50 Hz and 60 Hz on systems having voltages of 72,5 kV and above. This standard identifies which requirements of EN 60694, EN 62271-100 and EN 62271-102 standards are applicable. It also gives the additional requirements specific to these devices. This standard covers a circuit-breaker which, when in the open position, satisfies the requirements of both a circuit-breaker and a disconnector.

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IEC 62271-1:2017 applies to AC switchgear and controlgear designed for indoor and/or outdoor installation and for operation at service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz and having rated voltages above 1 000 V. This document applies to all high-voltage switchgear and controlgear except as otherwise specified in the relevant IEC standards for the particular type of switchgear and controlgear. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2007 and Amendment 1:2011. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: New numbering in accordance with ISO/IEC directives, Part 2 (2016) and IEEE Std. C37.100.1. 4.1.2 a) The normal service condition for indoor switchgear is limited to one range of 40 °C to -5 °C. 4.1.3 a) The normal service condition for outdoor switchgear is limited to one range of 40 °C to -25 °C. 4.2.2: The specifications from IEC 60071-2:1996 are adopted for altitude correction factors above 1 000 m. 5.2.2: Range I, the rated voltage of 40,5 kV is added Series I Table 1; Table 2 and Table 4 are updated on recommendation of the US National Committee. 6.8: New subclause added for manual operated actuators consistent with “Man Machine Interface” recommendations of IEC 60447 . 7.2.6.1:Insert the wording regarding preliminary impulses across open vacuum interrupters according to the result of IEC 17/1026/RQ. 7.3: Changed the requirement for radio interference voltage to a rated voltage level of 245 kV and above, instead of 123 kV and above. This change is based on reported positive test and service experience of utility representatives in the maintenance team of this standard. 7.5.6, Table 14: a. Introduced the distinction of parts in “OG” (oxidizing gas) or in “NOG” (not oxidizing gas) replacing the former “air” and “SF6”; b. Increased the allowable temperature rise for some parts in groups 1 and 2 of Table 14 according to IEC TR 60943; c. Expanded the definition of allowable temperature rise for categories of accessible surfaces with reference to IEC Guide 117. See also Point 15 in 7.5.6.2. 7.5.6.2: Point 5 is modified to clarify the introduction of “OG” and “NOG” gas. 7.10: Some tests were removed because the relevant test standards of IEC 60068 series were modified or withdrawn. 7.11.3: The acceptance criteria for X-radiation testing are modified to recognize higher rated vacuum interrupters. Former informative Annex H: Corrosion is deleted, the content is part of IEC TR 62271-306. New Annex J (informative): Added informative guidelines for the extension of validity of type tests New Annex K (informative): Added informative guidelines about exposure to pollution

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  • Standard
    141 pages
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  • Standard – translation
    134 pages
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The contents of the corrigendum 1 of January 2018 have been included in this copy.

  • Amendment
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IEC 62271-212:2016 specifies the service conditions, rated characteristics, general structural requirements and test methods of the assemblies of the main electrical functional units of a high-voltage/low-voltage distribution substation, duly interconnected, for alternating current of rated operating voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV on the high-voltage side, service frequency 50 Hz or 60 Hz. This assembly is to be cable-connected to the network, and intended for installation within an indoor or outdoor closed electrical operating area. This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 62271-1:2007

  • Standard
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This Part of IEC 62271, which is a Technical Report, refers to prefabricated metal-enclosed and solid-insulation enclosed (both hereinafter called enclosed) switchgear and controlgear assemblies for alternating current of rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV as specified in IEC 62271-200 and IEC 62271-201, and to other equipment included in the same enclosure with any possible mutual influence. This Technical Report may be used for the extension of the validity of type tests performed on one test object with a defined set of ratings to another switchgear assembly of the same family with a different set of ratings or different arrangements of components. It supports the selection of representative test objects composed of functional units of a family of switchgear and controlgear aimed at the optimization of type tests in order to perform a consistent conformity assessment. This Technical Report utilises a combination of sound technical and physical principles, manufacturer and user experience and calculations to establish guidance for the extension of validity of type tests, covering various design and rating aspects.

  • Technical report
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This document applies to wrought steel enclosures and their welding. These enclosures are pressurized with dry air, inert gases, for example sulphur hexafluoride or nitrogen or a mixture of such gases, used in indoor and outdoor installations of high-voltage switchgear and controlgear with rated voltages above 1kV, where the gas is used principally for its dielectric and/or arc-quenching properties with rated voltages: - above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV concerning gas-filled compartments with design pressure higher than 300 kPa relative pressure (gauge); - above 52 kV concerning all gas-filled compartments. The enclosures comprise parts of electrical equipment not necessarily limited to the following examples: - circuit-breakers; - switch-disconnectors; - disconnectors; - earthing switches; - current transformers; - voltage transformers; - surge arrestors; - busbars and connections; - etc. The scope also covers enclosures of pressurized components such as the centre chamber of live tank switchgear, gas-insulated current transformers, etc.

  • Standard
    27 pages
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This document applies to wrought aluminium and aluminium alloy enclosures and their welding. These enclosures are pressurized with dry air, inert gases, for example sulphur hexafluoride or nitrogen or a mixture of such gases, used in indoor and outdoor installations of high-voltage switchgear and controlgear with rated voltages above 1 kV, where the gas is used principally for its dielectric and/or arc-quenching properties with rated voltages. - above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV concerning gas-filled compartments with design pressure higher than 300 kPa relative pressure (gauge); - above 52 kV concerning all gas-filled compartments. The enclosures comprise parts of electrical equipment not necessarily limited to the following examples: - circuit-breakers; - switch-disconnectors; - disconnectors; - earthing switches; - current transformers; - voltage transformers; - surge arrestors; - busbars and connections; - etc. The scope also covers enclosures of pressurized components such as the centre chamber of live tank switchgear, gas-insulated current transformers, etc.

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This document applies to welded composite enclosures of cast and wrought aluminium alloy pressurized with dry air, inert gases (e.g. sulphur hexafluoride or nitrogen or a mixture of such gases), used in indoor and outdoor installations of high-voltage switchgear and controlgear with rated voltages above 1 kV, where the gas is used principally for its dielectric and/or arc-quenching properties with rated voltages: - above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV concerning gas-filled compartments with design pressure higher than 300 kPa relative pressure (gauge); - above 52 kV concerning all gas-filled compartments. The enclosures comprise parts of electrical equipment not necessarily limited to the following examples: - circuit-breakers; - switch-disconnectors; - disconnectors; - earthing switches; - current transformers; - voltage transformers; - surge arrestors; - busbars and connections; - etc. The scope also covers enclosures of pressurized components such as the centre chamber of live tank switchgear, gas-insulated current transformers, etc.

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IEC 62271-3:2015 is applicable to high-voltage switchgear and controlgear for all rated voltage levels above 1 kV and assemblies thereof and specifies equipment for digital communication with other parts of the power utility automation and its impact on testing. This equipment for digital communication, replacing metal parallel wiring, can be integrated into the high-voltage switchgear, controlgear, and assemblies thereof, or can be external equipment in order to provide compliance for existing switchgear and controlgear and assemblies thereof with the standards of the IEC 61850 series. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2006. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) an update to the latest edition(s) of IEC 61850 series; (e.g. Annex B "LNs for sensors and monitoring" of edition 1 has been deleted since these LNs are now covered by standard IEC 61850-7-4:2010) b) an update of normative references; c) the minimum voltage range this standard refers to, was changed from 72,5 kV to above 1 kV; d) the description of performance tests and conformance tests became more specific; e) the new - informative - Annex C gives an example for performance type testing; f) 6.2.3 "transmission systems" as well as appropriate subclauses have been superseded by standard IEC TR 61850-90-4:2013; g) fibre optical connector type LC becomes only recommended type of fibre optic connector in accordance with IEC TR 61850-90-4:2013; h) electronic nameplates have been redefined as extension of LN XCBR and LN XSWI with data objects, reflecting required additional name plate information.

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IEC corrected version

  • Corrigendum
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IEC 62271-211:2014 is applicable to single and three phase direct connections between gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear (GIS) for rated voltages above 52 kV and transformer arrangements to establish electrical and mechanical interchange ability and to determine the limits of supply of for the transformer connection. This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC TR 61639:1996 and constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) transfer from technical report to international standard; b) the minimum voltage rating was changed from 72,5 kV to above 52 kV; c) update of normative references; d) definition of insulated junction including limit of supply; e) definition of dielectric test of gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear for transformer connection in a three phase enclosure; f) addition of interface tolerances at transformer side; g) addition of transformer tolerances in service; h) addition of exceptional loads for bushings and flanges; i) consideration of oil- and gas-insulated transformers; j) inclusion of three-phase enclosed direct connections.

  • Standard
    25 pages
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IEC 62271-201:2014 specifies requirements for prefabricated solid-insulation enclosed switchgear and controlgear for alternating current of rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV for indoor installation and for service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 2006. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) apart from updating with the second edition of IEC 62271-200 (issued in 2011), definitions, classifications and testing procedures have been specified more precisely; b) access to the solid-insulation enclosed switchgear and controlgear is now restricted to authorized personnel only. This implies that 'accessibility class B' (public access) has been deleted throughout the document; c) the term 'protection category' has been introduced to replace the term 'protection grade' (PA, PB1 and PB2).

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    100 pages
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IEC 62271-202:2014 specifies the service conditions, rated characteristics, general structural requirements and test methods of high voltage/low voltage or low voltage/high voltage prefabricated substations, which are cable-connected, to be operated from inside (walk-in type) or outside (non-walk-in type) for alternating current of rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV on the high voltage side, and for one or more transformers for service frequencies up to and including 60 Hz for outdoor installation at locations with public accessibility and where protection of personnel is provided. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2006. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) regarding temperature-rise test an alternative method for liquid filled transformers is (re)introduced and the temperature-rise test method for dry-type transformers is specified more precisely; b) testing procedure for short time and peak withstand current tests are specified more precisely; c) assessment of electromagnetic fields is considered including a type test (optional) according IEC/TR 62271-208:2009; d) influence of the product on the environment is considered (Clause 12); e) internal arc test requirements have been adapted to IEC 62271-200:2011 and requirements for the assessment of pressure relief volumes below the floor / ground has been assigned; f) the method for defining the load factor in an enclosure for liquid filled transformers is extended with different temperature rises for the transformer outside the enclosure (Annex DD); g) for the calculation of the load factor of dry-type transformers in an enclosure the insulation systems according to IEC 60076-1:2011, Tables B.1 and B.2 are worked out in detail.

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