This document provides recommended and other product type names and example pictures of product categories defined in ISO 9999, subclass 09 30, "Absorbing products to contain urine and faeces".

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This document specifies requirements and test methods of rollators being used as assistive products for walking with wheels, manipulated by both arms, without accessories, unless specified in the particular test procedure. This document also gives requirements relating to safety, ergonomics, performance and information supplied by the manufacturer including marking and labelling. The requirements and tests are based on every-day use of rollators as assistive products for walking for a maximum user mass as specified by the manufacturer. This document includes rollators specified for a user mass of no less than 35Â kg. This document is not applicable to rollators with horizontal forearm supports, classified as walking tables, for which ISOÂ 11199-3 is applicable.

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This document specifies apparatus, test methods, and disclosure requirements for determination of lateral stability properties of wheelchair seat cushions by measuring the response from the cushion to a shift in the centre of mass of the load on the cushion. It provides a method of determining changes in a particular physical and mechanical property of the cushion. It does not provide information specific to cushion performance for a particular individual user. It does not provide information related to anterior-posterior stability, nor to stability contributions from cushion edges. NOTEÂ 1Â Â Â Test conditions simulate a symmetric anatomy. NOTEÂ 2Â Â Â Loads are intended to represent those seen under the pelvis of a 40th to 60th percentile wheelchair user. This document is applicable to cushions used in situations other than a wheelchair.

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This document specifies requirements and test methods to assess the resistance to ignition by smouldering cigarette equivalent of integrated or non-integrated components of a wheelchair intended to protect tissue integrity and/or provide postural support. The electronic ignition source is also a simulation of other potential sources of environmental ignition hazards. The tests measure only the resistance to ignition of the items tested, and not the ignitability of the complete wheelchair. It gives an indication, but cannot guarantee, the ignition behaviour of the assembled devices of a complete wheelchair. This document does not apply to resistance to ignition of structural parts of a wheelchair. This document does not cover changes in resistance to ignition as a result of regular washing or use of the postural support devices. This document does not apply to the control of risks created by electrical and electronic components. This document allows for the separate testing of components of a wheelchair that are normally used in the horizontal plane (e.g. a seat cushion) from those normally used in the vertical plane (e.g. a back support). This document describes testing an assembly of the composite of materials as used in the component. The results of the tests in this document do not give any indication of the resistance to ignition of any of the separate individual materials of the test sample. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â The intent of this document is primarily to address components that interface with the human body, such as cushions for positioning, or whose described purpose is that of protecting skin tissue against pressure, shear, and maceration related damage, as well as textile, foam, and plastic-based postural support devices.

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This document specifies requirements and test methods for walking frames used as assistive products for walking, manipulated by both arms, without accessories, unless specified in the particular test procedure. This document also gives requirements relating to safety, ergonomics, performance and information supplied by the manufacturer, including marking and labelling. The requirements and tests are based on everyday use of walking frames as assistive products for walking for a maximum user mass as specified by the manufacturer. This document includes walking frames specified for a user mass of no less than 35Â kg.

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This document provides a test method for determining the sum of residual monomeric sodium acrylate and acrylic acid present in polyacrylate superabsorbent powders as acrylic acid.

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This document provides a test method for determining the pH of granular superabsorbent polyacrylates.

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This document provides a test method for measuring the permeability-dependent absorption under pressure (PDAUP) of polyacrylate superabsorbent powder, where permeability is a significant controlling factor under the conditions of the test.

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This document provides a test method that determines the capacity of polyacrylate superabsorbent powders to absorb saline solution under a specified enclosing pressure.

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This document provides a test method for the determination of the fluid retention capacity of polyacrylate superabsorbent powders in saline solution, following centrifugation.

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This document provides a test method for the evaluation of mass loss upon heating for cross-linked polyacrylate superabsorbent powders. This method is applicable to powdered polymeric superabsorbent materials that are free-flowing under the specified test conditions. Substances other than water that are volatile in this temperature range will interfere. The onus is on the polymer formulator/producer to decide if such interference is possible and either exclude the method from use, provide an alternative or modify the method accordingly.

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This document provides a test method that determines the free swell capacity of polyacrylate superabsorbent powders in saline solution.

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This document provides a test method to determine the mass fraction of soluble polymers present in crosslinked polyacrylate superabsorbent powders that can be extracted into saline solution.

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This document specifies a test method for measuring particle size distributions up to 850 µ of cross-linked polyacrylate superabsorbent powders. It applies only to measurements made where sieve shaking is used for the separation. Tapping equipment is not expected to deliver the same results. This method is applicable to powdered polymeric superabsorbent materials that are free-flowing under the specified test conditions.

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This document provides a test method to determine the mass flow rate and bulk density (or apparent density) of polyacrylate superabsorbent powders.

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This document specifies considerations to be taken, as well as support and assistive products that can be used when organizing a physical meeting in which older persons and persons with disabilities can actively participate. Teleconferences and web conferences are important methods that can be used to include older persons and persons with disabilities in meetings.

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This document presents guidelines for the design and development of cognitively accessible systems, including products and services and built environments. This document is relevant to mainstream systems as well as those designed specifically for people with disability. Within the broad field of accessibility, this document is limited to guidance related to cognitive accessibility. NOTE 1 It acknowledges, however, that diverse sensory perceptions can impact cognitive accessibility. NOTE 2 While the following guidance in this document can benefit all users, it is included here because failure to follow it could lead to barriers that would prevent some potential users from being able to use the system at all. This document is relevant to all types of systems. However, some particular recommendations can only be followed for some types of systems: — Some of the guidance is relevant to a fixed system (e.g. a non-computerized consumer product or a user manual); — Some of the guidance applies to systems containing some level of computer-based processing (e.g. a microwave oven or an ICT-system); — Some of the guidance applies to systems that use advanced computer processing that supports individualization (e.g. an application in a smart phone); — Some guidance applies to combinations of the above.

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This document specifies general requirements and related test methods that are relevant to assistive products for tissue integrity (APTI) in the lying position in different application environments such as hospitals, home care and institutions. This document applies to the safety of APTI, which are intended to remain in situ during periods of lying, and to prevent and/or treat pressure injuries. This document covers a range of different lying support surfaces intended to be used in combination with the appropriate support platform or as a whole integrated system. This document also covers assistive products primarily intended for tissue integrity for changing a lying position and assistive products for maintaining a lying position. This document does not apply to lying support surfaces used in combination with incubators. This document addresses the combination of a full body support surface and an adjustable mattress support platform. It also covers safety and performance test methods to ensure protection against injuries to the user. This document specifies requirements and test methods for APTI within the following classifications of ISO 9999:2016: 04 33 06 Assistive products for tissue integrity when lying down such as but not limited to: — Mattresses and mattress overlays for pressure injury prevention; — Mattress coverings for pressure injury prevention mattresses. 12 31 03 Assistive products for sliding and turning such as but not limited to: Devices for changing position or direction of a person using sliding or turning techniques. The only products included are those intended to be used in a lying position and remain in situ as part of the lying support surface. They are the following: — sliding products that glide one way and lock the other way; — sheets and underlays in flexible materials with low friction; — fabric sold by the metre, cut as required for repositioning use; — powered turning product; This excludes sliding boards unless the product is intended to be left in situ. 09 07 06 Positioning pillows, positioning cushions and positioning systems such as but not limited to: — leg positioners, — arm positioners, and — multipurpose body positioners. 18 12 15 Bedding such as but not limited to: — draw sheets.

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This document specifies the requirements and test methods for the testing strength, torque, and durability of parts, and stability and running durability as a whole for walking trolleys. This document also provides requirements relating to general safety, folding and adjusting mechanisms, lifting and carrying means, ergonomics and information supplied by the manufacturer including marking and labelling. The requirements and tests are based upon every-day usage of walking trolleys as assistive products for walking, for a maximum user mass as specified by the manufacturer. This document includes walking trolleys specified for a user mass of no less than 35kg. Excluded are rollators specified in ISO 11199-2.

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This document provides product specifications for tactile walking surface indicators (TWSIs) and recommendations for their installation in order to assist in the safe and independent mobility of blind or vision-impaired persons. This document specifies two types of TWSIs: attention patterns and guiding patterns. Both types can be used indoors and outdoors throughout the built environment where there are insufficient cues for wayfinding, or at specific hazards. NOTE Some countries have adopted other designs of TWSIs based on the consolidated findings of science, technology and experience, ensuring that they can be detected and distinguished by most users. This document is not intended to replace requirements and recommendations contained in such national standards, regulations or guidelines.

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This document specifies principles of cognitive accessibility within the area of daily time management. This document gives guidelines for design application for features and functions known to increase the accessibility of products and systems used to support daily time management for people with cognitive impairment regardless of age. This document does not provide test methods and specific instructions for measuring and reporting. NOTE ANSI/RESNA CA-1:2016 specifies features, measurement methods, and documentation for reporting the universal design specifications that support inclusion of individuals with cognitive impairment that might be applicable and beneficial to use for evaluating products and systems used to support daily time management.

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This document specifies the test methods and requirements for determining the safety and performance of a manual and/or power wheelchair that incorporates technology to alter the posture of the wheelchair occupant, which are either electrically or manually operated by the occupant or assistant during normal wheelchair use. This can include recline, tilt, elevate and stand-up mechanisms or a combination of these. In order for a wheelchair to be able to recline, tilt, elevate and/or stand-up, the wheelchair requires additional mechanisms and mechanical structures to allow these features to operate. This document specifies the different functional and strength tests required to test these wheelchairs in critical configurations of their adjustable range. This document does not cover wheelchairs where the only operator adjustable body support system (OABSS) is adjustable limb or head postural support devices alone (e.g. elevating leg supports). This document does not include wheelchair and postural support device customization during initial or subsequent setup of a wheelchair for an individual occupant. It also does not reflect other factors that can influence wheelchair stability such as occupant movement, cushion thickness, and the addition of ancillary equipment (e.g. respiratory support items).

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This document specifies test methods for determining the maximum speed of electrically powered wheelchairs, including scooters, intended to carry one person with a maximum nominal speed not exceeding 15 km/h (4,167 m/s) on a level surface.

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ISO 16840-2:2018 specifies apparatus, test methods and disclosure requirements for wheelchair seat cushions intended to maintain tissue integrity and prevent tissue trauma. Test conditions simulate a symmetric anatomy and posture and do not represent cushion performance for specific individual users. Loads are intended to represent those seen under the pelvis of a 50th percentile wheelchair user and are not intended to assess the weight capacity of the cushion or to characterize the cushion under bariatric loads. It is possible that not all test methods apply to existing and future cushion technologies. It does not include test methods or requirements for determining the fire resistance of cushions. ISO 16840-2:2018 can also be applicable to tissue integrity management devices used as other support systems, as well as to cushions used in situations other than a wheelchair.

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ISO 7176-2:2017 specifies test methods for determining the dynamic stability of electrically powered wheelchairs. ISO 7176-2:2017 is applicable to electrically powered wheelchairs, including scooters, with a maximum nominal speed not exceeding 15 km/h, intended to carry one person. ISO 7176-2:2017 is not applicable to manual wheelchairs with add-on power kits used for, or to assist, propulsion.

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ISO 15621:2017 gives guidelines for evaluating absorbent incontinence aids for urine and/or faeces. It provides a context for the procedures described in other International Standards and published testing procedures. General factors relating to incontinence products and their usage are also addressed.

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ISO 12505-2:2016 specifies test methods dealing with face plates of skin barriers for ostomy aids. ISO 12505-2:2016 does not cover medical properties (cytotoxicity, sensitization, irritation/intracutaneous reactivity, buffering effect, microbiological effects, etc.).

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ISO 9999:2016 establishes a classification and terminology of assistive products, especially produced or generally available, for persons with disability. Assistive products used by a person with disability, but which require the assistance of another person for their operation, are included in the classification. The following items are specifically excluded from this International Standard: - items used for the installation of assistive products; - solutions obtained by combinations of assistive products that are individually classified in this International Standard; - medicines; - assistive products and instruments used exclusively by healthcare professionals; - non-technical solutions, such as personal assistance, guide dogs or lip-reading; - implanted devices; - financial support.

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ISO 19028:2016 specifies information contents, figuration and display methods of tactile guide maps providing location information of buildings, including those for the general public, public transport and parks, and also the surroundings in the close vicinity, including access routes to them in order to enable persons with seeing impairment and blindness to move safely and smoothly in those facilities.

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ISO 19029:2016 specifies the sound characteristics of auditory guiding signals for persons with seeing impairment and blindness to provide the location and direction information of particular public facilities. The public facilities include facilities such as railway stations, airports, ports, bus terminals, government offices, libraries, community centres, parks, schools, hospitals, theatres, large supermarkets, and its toilets, stairs, etc. EXAMPLE As an auditory guiding signal, a chime sound is emitted from the ticket gate of a railway station. Pedestrians, including persons with seeing impairment and blindness, are able to know the location of the ticket gate by detecting the location of the chime sound. NOTE 1 The auditory guiding signals are also helpful for sighted persons. ISO 19029:2016 also specifies the design or usage of the equipment that provides auditory guiding signals. ISO 19029:2016 does not specify the characteristics of the alerts, such as alarm sounds or emergency signals. NOTE 2 The auditory danger signals are covered by ISO 7731. ISO 19029:2016 does not specify the characteristics of auditory guiding signals coming from the personal mobile equipment that is worn by persons with seeing impairment and blindness.

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ISO 17966:2016 specifies requirements and associated test methods for assistive products for personal hygiene (APPHs) that support users and which are intended by the manufacturer to alleviate or compensate for disability. The work environment and safety aspects for assistants are also included. It specifies safety and performance requirements that apply during normal use and foreseeable misuse and failure. It also specifies methods of measurement of the forces necessary to operate controls and specifies limits on the forces needed for some operations. This International Standard specifies requirements and test methods for assistive products within the following divisions of ISO 9999:2011: 09 12 03 Commode chairs; NOTE This covers mobile and static products. 09 12 06 Toilets with built in raising and height adjustable mechanism; NOTE This excludes toilets with built-in douche and air dryers. 09 12 09 Toilet seats; 09 12 12 Raised toilet seats mounted on frame; 09 12 15 Toilet seats inserts; 09 12 18 Raised toilet seats fixed to toilet; 09 12 21 Toilet seats with built-in raising mechanism to help standing up and sitting down; 09 12 24 Toilet arm supports and toilet back supports mounted on toilet; 09 12 25 Toilet arm supports and toilet back supports, free standing; 09 12 36 Douches and air dryers for attachment to a toilet; 09 33 03 Bath/shower chairs (with and without wheels), bath boards, stools, back supports and seats; 09 33 12 Bathing stretchers, shower tables and diaper-changing tables; 18 15 06 Height adjustable plinths and brackets; NOTE Refers to height adjustable plinths and brackets when used as an assistive product for personal hygiene (APPH). Height adjustable mechanisms for other items such as basins may be included. 18 18 03 Handrails and support rails; 18 18 06 Fixed grab bars and handgrips; 18 18 10 Removable grab rails and handgrips; NOTE This excludes removable grab rails and handgrips which are static as defined in 3.27. 18 18 11 Hinged rails and arm supports; ISO 17966:2016 does not encompass requirements regarding: - safe mounting in building structures; - requirements regarding fixed building installations e.g. water and electricity; - bathtub hoists that are covered by ISO 10535; - 09 33 21 Bathtubs of ISO 9999:2011; - stability and friction issues in relation to slippery surfaces due to soap; - products that have been customised or custom-made for an individual user.

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ISO 19026:2015 specifies shapes and colours of a flushing button and a call button of lavatory which are installed on the wall and their arrangement with a paper dispenser. This International Standard is only applicable in case of installing a flushing button and/or a call button on the wall of seat-type lavatory in public restrooms (general toilet compartments and toilet compartments with various functions) used by an unspecified large number of people, except restrooms with a big paper holder where it is difficult to place a flushing button and a call button above the holder, and Type A toilet with lateral transfer from both sides of ISO 21542.

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ISO 16840-6:2015 specifies apparatus, test methods, and disclosure requirements for generating aging effects in a seat cushion that reproduce those seen in use. It also provides methods of determining changes in the physical and mechanical properties of seat cushions based on their age and use. ISO 16840-6:2015 provides a set of tests that simulate wear and tear, which can be useful to validate warranty claims and to provide information about product, life, and performance limitations associated with product use.

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ISO 10865-2:2015 applies to wheelchair passenger spaces that are intended for use by passengers with a body mass greater than 22 kg who remain in their wheelchairs when travelling facing forward in accessible transport vehicles designed to transport both standing and sitting passengers on fixed-route service. It assumes that the maximum acceleration imparted to the vehicle during emergency driving manoeuvres will not exceed 1 g in any direction and rarely exceeds 3 g in frontal crashes. For the purposes of this part of ISO 10865, the term wheelchair includes manual and powered wheelchairs, and three and four wheeled scooters. ISO 10865-2:2015 specifies performance requirements and associated test methods, design requirements, requirements for manufacturer instructions and warnings to installers, wheelchair users, and vehicle operators, and requirements for product labelling and disclosure of test information. The provisions of this part of ISO 10865 apply primarily to a complete forward-facing wheelchair passenger space (FF-WPS), but subsets of the provisions can be applied to components and subassemblies sold separately, as appropriate to the specific functions of the components and/or subassemblies they are intended to replace.

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ISO/TR 16840-9:2015 has been produced to guide users in the performance of the tasks that are directly involved in the clinical use of interface pressure mapping (IPM) or are synergistic with its use in a comprehensive wheelchair seating evaluation. ISO/TR 16840-9:2015 does not cover other aspects of the clinical assessment process (e.g. taking a medical history), nor the prescription or treatment process which might arise from an assessment. These guidelines are not meant to be a substitute for clinical reasoning and judgement within the context of a complete assessment. ISO/TR 16840-9:2015 refers to the state of the art of IPM experiences in a seating scenario. Most of the principles covered can be extrapolated to whole body (in bed) or to foot assessments, for example.

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ISO/TS 16840-12:2015 specifies apparatus, test methods, and disclosure requirements for characterization of wheelchair seat cushion immersion and envelopment properties using instrumented indenters to characterize the interface pressure of each indenter and the test cushion by measuring the cushioning effects of immersion and envelopment. This part of ISO 16840 can be considered to expand the characterization of products intended to manage tissue integrity (ISO 16840‑2) and provide a standardized indenter for other wheelchair seating tests. It does not provide information specific to cushion performance for a particular individual user. ISO/TS 16840-12:2015 includes a method that is specific to 220 mm and 255 mm indenters. Dimensions and loads are provided for the 380 mm indenter to allow for extension of the methods for bariatric applications.

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ISO 16840-10:2014 specifies requirements and test methods to assess the resistance to ignition by smouldering cigarette equivalent of non-integrated components of a wheelchair intended to protect tissue integrity. The test measures only the resistance to ignition by smouldering cigarette equivalent of the items tested and not the ignitability of the complete wheelchair. It gives an indication, but cannot guarantee, the ignition behaviour of the assembled non-integrated devices of a complete wheelchair. This part of ISO 16840 does not apply to resistance to ignition of structural parts of a wheelchair, nor does it cover postural support devices. This part of ISO 16840 does not cover changes in resistance to ignition as a result of regular washing or use. This part of ISO 16840 allows for the separate testing of removable non-integrated components of a wheelchair which are normally used in the horizontal plane (e.g. a seat cushion) from those normally used in the vertical plane (e.g. a back support). This part of ISO 16840 describes testing an assembly of the composite of materials as used in the removable non-integrated component. The results of this part of ISO 16840 do not give any indication of the resistance to ignition of any of the separate individual materials of the test sample. NOTE 1 The intent of this part of ISO 16840 is primarily to cover removable cushions whose described purpose is that of protecting skin tissue against pressure, shear, and maceration related damage. NOTE 2 The requirements of this part of ISO 16840 have been set at a basic minimal level and are less severe than mandatory requirements in some countries. Where practical, it is advisable that manufacturers use materials with superior resistance to ignition. The manufacturer is required to make the case as to why ISO 7176?16 could not be employed rather than this part of ISO 16840. NOTE 3 Requirements for the control of risks from sources of fire created by electrical and electronic components are included in ISO 7176?14

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ISO 7176-8:2014 specifies requirements for static, impact, and fatigue strength of wheelchairs including scooters. It specifies the test methods for determining whether the requirements have been met. It also specifies requirements for disclosure of the test results. The test methods can also be used to verify the manufacturers' claims that a product exceeds the minimum requirements of this part of ISO 7176. ISO 7176-8:2014 applies to occupant- and attendant-propelled manual wheelchairs and electrically powered wheelchairs intended to provide indoor and outdoor mobility for people with disabilities. NOTE 1 For the purposes of this part of ISO 7176, "wheelchair(s)" is used as an abbreviation for manual wheelchair(s) or electrically powered wheelchair(s), including scooter(s), to which the requirements and test methods are applied. NOTE 2 Clauses of this part of ISO 7176 will be used as a basis for developing requirements and test methods for wheelchairs not covered by this part of ISO 7176.

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ISO 7176-1:2014 specifies test methods for determining the static stability of wheelchairs. It is applicable to manual and electrically powered wheelchairs, including scooters, with a maximum speed not greater than 15 km/h, intended to provide indoor and/or outdoor mobility for one disabled person whose mass is within the range represented by ISO 7176‑11. For active stability-controlled wheelchairs, ISO 7176-1:2014 applies to the device in a stable, parked state. ISO 7176-1:2014 provides a method for the measurement of the tipping angles (either wheelchair tipping angle or anti-tip device tipping angle), but this method is not applicable to wheelchairs with lateral anti-tip devices and does not consider sliding on the ground. ISO 7176-1:2014 also includes requirements for test reports and information disclosure.

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ISO 7176-22:2014 specifies a set-up procedure to be used as a part of the preparation of adjustable wheelchairs for testing. This procedure takes the manufacturer's instructions into account. ISO 7176-22:2014 is applicable to manual wheelchairs and electric wheelchairs (including scooters) intended to provide indoor and/or outdoor mobility.

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ISO/TR 13570-2:2014 lists the typical values and recommended limits of the dimensions obtained from measurements taken in accordance with ISO 7176‑5. ISO/TR 13570-2:2014 lists the typical values and recommended limits of the important wheelchair dimensions (ready for occupation and folded or dismantled), space for pivoting or reversing between limiting walls and some dimensions worthwhile to estimate usability of the wheelchair as well as determination of the mass of the wheelchair. It is intended for use of prescribers, clinicians, wheelchair occupants or manufacturers. ISO/TR 13570-2:2014 lists the typical values and recommended limits of the dimensions when the wheelchair is occupied and some operating areas when performing special tasks encountered in every day's life. ISO/TR 13570-2:2014 lists the typical values and recommended limits of the technical dimensions critical to the performance of the wheelchair. ISO/TR 13570-2:2014 applies to manual wheelchairs and electrically powered wheelchairs (including scooters).

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ISO 12505-1:2014 specifies test methods dealing with a face plate of skin barriers for ostomy aids.

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ISO 16840-3:2014 specifies test methods for the determination of static, impact, and repetitive load strengths as well as disclosure requirements for postural support devices (PSD) with associated attachment hardware intended for use with an undefined wheelchair.

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ISO/TS 16840-11:2014 specifies a method for determining the dissipation characteristics of simulated perspiration exposure on wheelchair seat cushions. ISO/TS 16840-11:2014 is applicable to wheelchair seat cushions that include a cushion cover.

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ISO 17049:2013 specifies the fundamental requirements for braille used on signage, equipment and appliances, including the dimensional parameters of braille and the characteristics of materials used, and the guidelines for practical implementation.

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ISO 7176-25:2013 specifies requirements and test methods for batteries and battery chargers intended for use with electrically powered wheelchairs. It is applicable to lead acid batteries and chargers intended for use with them. Requirements for chargers are applicable to those with a rated input voltage not greater than 250 V a.c. and a nominal output voltage not greater than 36 V.

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ISO 7176-3:2012 specifies test methods for the measurement of the effectiveness of brakes of manual wheelchairs and electrically powered wheelchairs, including scooters, intended to carry one person, with a maximum speed not exceeding 15 km/h. It also specifies disclosure requirements for the manufacturer.

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    14 pages
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ISO 7176-11:2012 specifies requirements for test dummies of any mass greater than or equal to 25 kg, to be used in the evaluation of wheelchairs. ISO 7176-11:2012 provides formulae that specify the location of the overall centre of mass of test dummies, the masses of the segments that comprise the test dummies and the locations of pivots that connect the segments. It also specifies the characteristics of loading pads that support the segments. ISO 7176-11:2012 is intended to enable the construction of test dummies that will produce comparable results for stability, performance and durability testing of manual wheelchairs and electrically powered wheelchairs, including scooters. ISO 7176-11:2012 also includes informative tables of mass and locations of centre of mass, which are derived from the formulae, corresponding to example test dummy masses up to 300 kg in 25 kg increments.

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    29 pages
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    29 pages
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