This document specifies a method for the determination of the tendency of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubbers to adhere to and to corrode metals when exposed to a specified test environment.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of volatile-matter content in raw rubbers by using a hot mill or an oven. These methods are applicable to the determination of the volatile-matter content in the “R” group of rubbers listed in ISO 1629. These are rubbers having an unsaturated carbon chain, for example natural rubber and synthetic rubbers derived at least partly from di-olefins. These methods can also be applicable to other raw rubbers, but in these cases it is necessary to demonstrate that the change in mass is due solely to loss of actual volatile matter and not to rubber degradation. The hot-mill method is not applicable to natural rubber, to synthetic rubbers which are too difficult to handle on a hot mill or to synthetic rubbers in powder or chip form. The two methods do not necessarily give identical results. Therefore, in the case of dispute, the oven method, procedure A, is the reference method. NOTE      The applicability of each test method to various types of rubber is summarized in Annex A.

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This document specifies two methods for measuring the stiffness and one method for the determination of the flexibility of rubber and plastics hoses and tubing when they are bent to a specific radius at sub-ambient temperatures. Method A is suitable for non-collapsible rubber and plastics hoses and tubing with a bore of up to and including 25 mm. This method provides a means of measuring the stiffness of the hose or tubing when the temperature is reduced from a standard laboratory temperature. Method B is suitable for rubber and plastics hoses and tubing with a bore of up to 100 mm and provides a means of assessing the flexibility of the hose or tubing when bent around a mandrel at a specified sub-ambient temperature. It can also be used as a routine quality control test. Method C is suitable for rubber and plastics hoses and tubing with a bore of 100 mm and greater. This method provides a means of measuring the stiffness of the hose and tubing at sub-ambient temperatures. This method is only suitable for hoses and tubing which are non-collapsible.

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This document specifies a test method which is intended to determine the fogging characteristics of rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics that are used as trim materials in the interior of motor vehicles. The method can also apply to fluid, pasty, powdered or solid raw materials which are the basis for such trim materials or from which the materials are manufactured. The method can also apply to other materials and finished products. The procedure is applicable to the measurement of fog condensate on glass surfaces within the limits of the test conditions. This test cannot measure accurately those cases in which: —   the surface tension of the condensate is low, resulting in early coalescing into a thin transparent film; —   the condensate is present in such a large quantity that the droplets coalesce and form a heavy oily/clear film (this heavy film gives false readings). In such cases, the gravimetric method is preferred.

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This document specifies methods for the hydrostatic testing of rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies, including methods for the determination of dimensional stability.

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This document specifies requirements for two types of reinforced hoses and hose assemblies of nominal size from 3,2 to 25, dependent on relation of minimum burst pressure to maximum working pressure. Each type is divided into classes dependent on maximum working pressure. They are suitable for use with: —   oil-based hydraulic fluids HH, HL, HM, HR and HV as defined in ISO 6743-4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +100 °C; —   water-based fluids HFC, HFAE, HFAS and HFB as defined in ISO 6743-4 at temperatures ranging from 0 °C to +70 °C; —   water at temperatures ranging from 0 °C to +70 °C. Such hoses and hose assemblies are intended to be used for: —   water jetting and water blasting applications; —   hydraulic applications. This document does not include requirements for end fittings. It is limited to the performance of hoses and hose assemblies. NOTE 1  It is the responsibility of the user, in consultation with the hose manufacturer, to establish the compatibility of the hose with the fluid to be used. NOTE 2  For hydraulic jacks with manually driven pumps, hoses and hose assemblies per ISO 16301 can be used.

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This document specifies three methods for determining the resistance to vacuum of hoses and hose assemblies manufactured from plastic or rubber. Applicable dimensions of hoses for each method are as follows: —   method A for hoses of nominal size up to and including 80; —   method B for hoses of nominal size greater than 80; —   method C for hoses of all dimensions. If not otherwise specified in the product standard, method C can be used as an alternative to methods A and B. Methods A and B can also be used to check the adhesion of the lining to the reinforcement (delamination) in a length of hard-wall hose or hose assembly.

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This document establishes the requirements and test methods for rubber and plastics suction hoses for fire-fighting purposes. These hoses can also be used manually to supply unpressurized water to the pump or for water discharge. NOTE      All pressures are expressed in megapascals and in bar (1 MPa = 10 bar). Additional requirements are specified for hose assemblies, that is, hoses with couplings already fitted, where this is carried out by the hose manufacturer (see Clause 8). Type A (rubber) hoses are intended for use at a minimum temperature of −20 °C and Type B (thermoplastics) hoses are intended for use at a minimum temperature of −10 °C.

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This document describes a procedure for the determination of the following antidegradants in vulcanized rubbers: —   aminoketone group; —   naphthylamine group; —   diphenylamine group; —   p-phenylenediamine; —   monophenol group. The groups of antidegradants are summarized in Table A.1 with the chemical names, the abbreviated terms and the CAS registry numbers. Extender oils, when present, can interfere. For poly-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline, the method provides only an approximation because of its polymeric nature.

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This document specifies a method for determining the glass transition temperature, Tg, of vulcanized rubbers in the hardness range from 30 IRHD to 80 IRHD. The dynamic properties are measured via temperature sweep in sinusoidal deformation at a defined strain and frequency and Tg is determined from the peak in the tan δ versus temperature curve. Glass transition temperature, Tg, determined in this way serves the purpose of a guideline to the service temperature of the material.

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This document specifies a static procedure, known as the Gehman test, for determining the relative stiffness characteristics of vulcanized or thermoplastic rubbers over a temperature range from room temperature to approximately −120 °C.

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This document specifies requirements for rubber hoses and rubber hose assemblies used for the transfer of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in the liquid or gaseous phase and natural gas and designed for use at working pressures ranging from vacuum to a maximum of 2,5 MPa (25 bar) within the temperature range −30 °C to +70 °C or, for low-temperature hoses (designated -LT), within the temperature range −50 °C to +70 °C.

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This document specifies the requirements for rubber hoses and hose assemblies for wet and dry sand and grit blasting, suitable for use up to a maximum working pressure of 0,63 MPa (6,3 bar) and over an operating temperature range of −25 °C to +70 °C.

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This document establishes a vocabulary of and is limited to those terms in general use throughout the rubber industry. It does not define terms intended for particular rubber products, some of which are given in the vocabulary standards listed in the Bibliography. It does not define terms that are generally understood or adequately defined in other readily available sources such as general dictionaries. The terms are listed in the alphabetical order of the English terms, with an index to the corresponding English terms attached. Symbols are included under their full descriptions.

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This document specifies: — the physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers, and — the standardized materials, a standardized test formulation, equipment, and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics of all types of isobutene-isoprene rubber (IIR).

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the bursting strength of rubber or plastics coated fabrics, using a mechanically operated steel ball.

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This document specifies a test method for the determination of the bending force of rubber or plastics-coated fabrics.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of the surface tension of polymer dispersions and rubber latices (natural and synthetic). — Method A is the ring method (Du Noüy ring method). — Method B is the plate method (Wilhelmy plate method). Method A is suitable valid for polymer dispersions and rubber latices with a viscosity less than 200 mPa·s. Method B is not suitable for polymer dispersions and rubber latices containing cationic surfactants. Methods A and B are also suitable for prevulcanized latices and compounded material. In case of dispute, the preferred method is method A (the ring method).

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This document specifies: — the physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers; — the standard materials, standard test formulations, equipment, and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics of ethylene-propylene-diene rubbers (EPDM), including oil-extended types.

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This document specifies: — the physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers; — the standard materials, standard test formulations, equipment, and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics of styrene-butadiene rubber masterbatches with carbon black or with carbon black and oil.

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This document specifies the requirements for rubber or thermoplastic hoses and hose assemblies used for circulating liquid and gaseous R1234yf (tetrafluoropropene) in the air-conditioning systems of automobiles. The hoses and hose assemblies are designed in such a way as to restrict losses of refrigerant and contamination of the system. The operational temperature range is −40 °C to +125 °C. Due to the critical relationship between the hose and coupling for this application, a requirement that the coupling to be used in service be used for testing has been laid down.

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This document specifies, for acrylonitrile-butadiene rubbers (NBRs): — physical and chemical tests on raw rubbers; — standard materials, a standard test formulation, equipment and processing methods for evaluating the vulcanization characteristics. The mixing preferred method is the single stage mixing with LIM (laboratory internal mixer).

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the bursting strength of rubber - or plastics - coated fabrics, using one of two types of diaphragm bursting tester, designated type A and B, both operated by hydraulic pressure. The type A test machine is applicable to materials having bursting strengths ranging from 350 kPa to 5 500 kPa and the type B test machine is applicable to materials of bursting strengths ranging from 70 kPa to 1 400 kPa.

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This document specifies requirements for packaged sterile, or bulked non-sterile, rubber gloves intended for use in medical examinations and diagnostic or therapeutic procedures to protect the patient and the user from cross-contamination. It also covers rubber gloves intended for use in handling contaminated medical materials and gloves with smooth surfaces or with textured surfaces over all or part of the glove. This document is intended as a reference for the performance and safety of rubber examination gloves. It does not cover the safe and proper usage of examination gloves and sterilization procedures with subsequent handling, packaging and storage procedures.

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This document specifies general requirements and relevant test methods for rubber bands made of dry natural rubber used for general purposes such as for daily wrapping or packaging. This document is not applicable for cover rubber bands made of blend and synthetic rubbers. This document is not applicable for rubber bands used for engineering applications, for food contact, nor for medical uses.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of the specific surface area of types and grades of carbon black for use in the rubber industry: — method A: automatic gas chromatography method (carrier gas method); — method B: automatic volumetric method. Somewhat different results might be obtained from the two methods. The degassing procedure differs between method A and method B, and it is important to investigate the possibility of correcting the results by using standard reference blacks. The results might also differ from those obtained using the multipoint method specified in ISO 18852, which is the preferred method. These methods are not applicable to porous carbon blacks.

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This document specifies guidance on the specification of technically specified rubber (TSR). A grading system is proposed, based on the origin of the natural rubber content and on properties exhibited by the rubber. This document is intended for use by parties involved in the procurement of TSR and is intended to form a basis from which requirements for a particular case may be more closely specified. As such, it describes a number of criteria that need to be the subject of appropriate agreement between the interested parties.

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This document establishes guidelines for the specification of vulcanized rubber based on the properties of individual rubber types. This document helps users of rubber products, who are not rubber experts, to create a specification for the rubber materials they wish to use. It also describes a designation system to enable a line call-cut code to be devised for each specification. Since the properties of rubber depend on the type of rubber, such as composition, some rubbers are classified into several types and organized by hardness. Representative specifications for the following rubber types are given in Annexes B to M: natural rubber (NR), styrene butadiene rubber (SBR), nitrile rubber (NBR), hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR), nitrile rubber mixed with PVC (NBR/PVC), chloroprene rubber (CR), ethylene acrylic rubber (AEM), fluorocarbon rubber (FKM), silicone rubber (VMQ), epichlorohydrin rubber (ECO) and ethylene propylene rubber (EPM and EPDM). In cases of mixed rubber polymers, the main polymer in the rubber material gives the name of the rubber type.

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This document specifies requirements for three types of textile-reinforced thermoplastics hoses and hose assemblies of nominal size from 3,2 to 25. Each type is divided into two classes dependent on electrical conductivity requirements. They are suitable for use with: — oil-based hydraulic fluids HH, HL, HM, HR and HV as defined in ISO 6743‑4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +93 °C; — water-based fluids HFC, HFAE, HFAS and HFB as defined in ISO 6743‑4 at temperatures ranging from 0 °C to +60 °C — water at temperatures ranging from 0 °C to +60 °C. This document does not include any requirements for end fittings. It is limited to the performance of hoses and hose assemblies. NOTE It is the responsibility of the user, in consultation with the hose manufacturer, to establish the compatibility of the hose with the fluid to be used.

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This document specifies a method using a differential scanning calorimeter to determine the glass transition temperature of raw rubber and rubber latex.

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This document specifies the specification for ISO Class 4, ISO Class 5 and ISO Class 6 nitrile cleanroom gloves. It is applicable to cleanroom gloves made of acrylonitrile butadiene material.

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This document specifies electrical test methods for rubber and plastics hoses, tubing and hose assemblies to determine the resistance of conductive, antistatic and non-conductive hoses and the electrical continuity or discontinuity between metal end fittings. All the test methods described for rubber hoses in this document can also be applied to plastics hoses.

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This document specifies requirements for five types of textile-reinforced hydraulic hoses and hose assemblies of nominal size from 5 to 100. They are suitable for use with: — oil-based hydraulic fluids HH, HL, HM, HR and HV as defined in ISO 6743‑4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +100 °C; — water-based fluids HFC, HFAE, HFAS and HFB as defined in ISO 6743‑4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +70 °C; — water at temperatures ranging from 0 °C to +70 °C. This document does not include requirements for end fittings. It is limited to requirements for hoses and hose assemblies. NOTE It is the responsibility of the user, in consultation with the hose manufacturer, to establish the compatibility of the hose with the fluid to be used.

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This document specifies requirements for wire-reinforced hoses and hose assemblies for underground coal mining applications of nominal sizes 6,3 to 51 for use with: — oil-based hydraulic fluids HH, HL, HM, HR and HV as defined in ISO 6743-4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +120 °C; — water-based fluids HFC, HFAE, HFAS and HFB as defined in ISO 6743-4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +70 °C; — water at temperatures ranging from 0 °C to +70 °C. There is a possibility that operation at the extremes of or outside these temperature ranges materially reduce the life of the hose. These hoses are not suitable for use with fluids that have a castor oil or ester base.

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This document specifies requirements for six types of wire-braid-reinforced hoses and hose assemblies of nominal size from 5 to 51. This document also specifies the hose of nominal size 63 for types 2SN and R2AT, and the hose of nominal size 76 for type 2SN. They are suitable for use with: — oil-based hydraulic fluids HH, HL, HM, HR and HV as defined in ISO 6743‑4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +100 °C; — water-based fluids HFC, HFAE, HFAS and HFB as defined in ISO 6743‑4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +70 °C; — water at temperatures ranging from 0 °C to +70 °C. This document does not include requirements for end fittings. It is limited to requirements for hoses and hose assemblies. NOTE It is the responsibility of the user, in consultation with the hose manufacturer, to establish the compatibility of the hose with the fluid to be used.

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This document specifies two methods to determine the colour of raw natural rubber according to a standard colour scale: — Method A: colour matching against standard coloured glasses; — Method B: colour determination using colour spectrophotometer. In case of dispute, the preferred method is Method B.

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This document specifies a method for determining the bound styrene content of emulsion-polymerized styrene-butadiene rubbers (SBR) by correlation with the measured refractive index of an extracted sample according to a table of refractive indices versus percentage mass fractions styrene. The method is also applicable to extracted oil-extended emulsion-polymerized SBR as long as it produces a film suitable for refractive index measurements. It is not applicable to solution-polymerized SBR.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of gel content for technically specified rubbers (TSR).

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This document specifies a method for determining the pre-vulcanization characteristics of compounded rubber. The pre-vulcanization characteristics determined by this method provide a means of estimating how long compounded rubber can be maintained at high temperatures and remain processable.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the volatile fatty acid number of natural rubber latex concentrate. The method is not necessarily suitable for latices from natural sources other than Hevea brasiliensis and is not applicable to compounded latex, vulcanized latex, artificial dispersions of rubber or synthetic rubber latices.

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This document specifies a method of test for measuring the force required to separate, by stripping, two plies of fabric bonded with rubber, or a rubber layer and a fabric ply bonded together. The method is applicable when the ply surfaces are approximately plane or when they are in the form of a cylinder having an internal diameter greater than approximately 50 mm. The method is not applicable when the ply surfaces contain sharp bends, angles or other gross irregularities which cannot be excluded when cutting out test pieces. This document does not apply to coated fabrics, which are tested in accordance with ISO 2411, or textile conveyor belts, which are tested in accordance with ISO 252.

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This document specifies a test based on hardness measurements for determining the progressive stiffening of rubber with time, caused by crystallization. It is limited to materials having an initial hardness at a test temperature of from 10 IRHD to 85 IRHD. The method is applicable to raw, unvulcanized (compounded) and vulcanized rubber. It is mainly of interest for rubber with a marked crystallization tendency at temperatures experienced in cold climates, such as chloroprene and natural rubber. The method is not applicable to fast-crystallizing materials which crystallize to a considerable degree within the timespan of 15 min used for conditioning at test temperature.

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This document specifies requirements for five types of spiral-wire-reinforced hydraulic hoses and hose assemblies of nominal size from 6,3 to 51. They are suitable for use with: — oil-based hydraulic fluids HH, HL, HM, HR and HV as defined in ISO 6743-4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +100 °C for types 4SP and 4SH hoses and from −40 °C to +120 °C for types R12, R13 and R15 hoses; — water-based fluids HFC, HFAE, HFAS and HFB as defined in ISO 6743-4 at temperatures ranging from −40 °C to +70 °C; — water at temperatures ranging from 0 °C to +70 °C. This document does not include requirements for end fittings. It is limited to requirements for hoses and hose assemblies. NOTE It is the responsibility of the user, in consultation with the hose manufacturer, to establish the compatibility of the hose with the fluid to be used.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the alkalinity of natural rubber latex concentrate. The method is not necessarily suitable for latices from natural sources other than Hevea brasiliensis or for synthetic rubber latices, compounded latex, vulcanized latex or artificial dispersions of rubber. NOTE A method for the determination of the alkalinity of polychloroprene latex is specified in ISO 13773.

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This document specifies a method for the identification of polymers, or blends of polymers, in raw rubbers and in vulcanized or unvulcanized compounds from pyrograms (pyrolysis-gas chromatographic patterns) obtained under the same conditions. This allows qualitative identification of single rubbers or blends, with exceptions discussed below. This document is not intended for quantitative analysis. The method applies first and foremost to single polymers. When the pyrogram indicates a characteristic hydrocarbon, the method is also applicable to blends. For details, see Clause 5. The method can be also applicable to other types of polymer when verified by the analyst in each particular case. NOTE The use of this document pre-supposes sufficient working knowledge of the principles and techniques of gas chromatography to enable the analyst to carry out the operations described and to interpret the results correctly.

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This document specifies three methods for estimating the staining of organic finishes (subsequently referred to as "organic material") by vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber, as defined in Clause 3: — method A: contact staining and migration staining; — method B: extraction staining; — method C: penetration staining;

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This document provides a qualitative method for the identification of rubbers by their pyrolysis products using tandem gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry. The method applies to rubbers in the raw state and to unvulcanized and vulcanized compounds. Compounds can be based on a single rubber or a blend of two or more rubbers. Where the level of a particular rubber in a blend is A non-restrictive list of rubbers is given in Clause 4.

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This document specifies methods for the determination of chlorine and/or bromine present in raw rubber as well as vulcanized or unvulcanized rubber compounds. The methods are applicable to natural rubbers and to the following synthetic rubbers: isoprene, styrene-butadiene, butadiene, butyl, halogenated butyl, nitrile, ethylene-propylene, chloroprene and epichlorohydrin.

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