Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB); Filtered Information Service (FIS); Application specification


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ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)

Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB);
Filtered Information Service (FIS);
Application specification

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2 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)

broadcasting, DAB, digital, radio, XML
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© ETSI 2019.
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GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

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3 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
Intellectual Property Rights . 5
Foreword . 5
Modal verbs terminology . 5
1 Scope . 6
2 References . 6
2.1 Normative references . 6
2.2 Informative references . 7
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations . 7
3.1 Terms . 7
3.2 Symbols . 7
3.3 Abbreviations . 7
4 Introduction . 8
5 Filtered Information Service data . 9
5.0 Introduction . 9
5.1 FIS element . 10
5.2 Message element . 10
5.3 Text element . 11
5.3.1 General . 11
5.3.2 Formatting. 11
5.3.3 Language element . 12
5.3.4 Title element . 12
5.3.5 Body element . 12
5.4 Picture element . 13
5.5 Validity element . 13
5.6 Geolocation . 13
5.6.1 Introduction. 13
5.6.2 Country element . 14
5.6.3 Point of Interest (poi) element . 14
5.6.4 Polygon element . 14
5.7 Filters element . 15
5.7.1 Introduction. 15
5.7.2 filterEnum element . 15
5.7.3 filterInt element . 15
5.7.4 filterFloat element . 16
5.7.5 filterDate element . 17
6 Transport mechanism . 17
6.1 Introduction . 17
6.2 MOT Carousel . 17
6.2.1 Basics . 17
6.2.2 ContentTypes and ContentSubTypes . 18
6.2.3 ContentName . 18
6.2.4 Directory extension . 18
6.3 Signalling . 18
6.3.1 Application type, FIG 0/13 . 18
6.3.2 Date and time, FIG 0/9 and FIG 0/10 . 18
7 Filter definition file . 18
7.1 Introduction . 18
7.2 FisFilter element . 19
7.3 filterEnumDef element . 19
7.4 filterIntDef, filterFloatDef, filterDateDef elements . 19
8 Receiver configuration file . 19
8.1 Introduction . 19

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4 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
8.2 FisConf element . 20
8.3 filterEnumConf element . 20
8.4 filterIntConf element . 20
8.5 filterFloatConf element . 21
8.6 filterDateConf element . 21
8.7 Updating the receiver configuration file . 21
9 Receiver behaviour . 21
9.1 Introduction . 21
9.2 Minumum functional requirements . 21
9.3 User controls . 22
9.4 Message display rules . 22
9.4.1 Introduction. 22
9.4.2 Validity element evaluation . 22
9.4.3 Filters element evaluation . 23
9.4.4 Geolocation evaluation . 23
9.4.5 Text element evaluation . 23
9.4.6 Message display . 23
Annex A (informative): XML file examples . 25
A.1 Transmission file . 25
A.2 Filter definition file . 26
A.3 Receiver configuration file . 26
Annex B (normative): XSD defintions. 27
B.1 Transmission file . 27
B.2 Filter definition file . 30
B.3 Receiver configuration file . 31
Annex C (informative): Example of transmission . 33
History . 35


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5 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
Intellectual Property Rights
Essential patents
IPRs essential or potentially essential to normative deliverables may have been declared to ETSI. The information
pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found
in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in
respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web
server (
Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee
can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web
server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
The present document may include trademarks and/or tradenames which are asserted and/or registered by their owners.
ETSI claims no ownership of these except for any which are indicated as being the property of ETSI, and conveys no
right to use or reproduce any trademark and/or tradename. Mention of those trademarks in the present document does
not constitute an endorsement by ETSI of products, services or organizations associated with those trademarks.
This Technical Specification (TS) has been produced by Joint Technical Committee (JTC) Broadcast of the European
Broadcasting Union (EBU), Comité Européen de Normalisation ELECtrotechnique (CENELEC) and the European
Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI).
NOTE 1: The EBU/ETSI JTC Broadcast was established in 1990 to co-ordinate the drafting of standards in the
specific field of broadcasting and related fields. Since 1995 the JTC Broadcast became a tripartite body
by including in the Memorandum of Understanding also CENELEC, which is responsible for the
standardization of radio and television receivers. The EBU is a professional association of broadcasting
organizations whose work includes the co-ordination of its members' activities in the technical, legal,
programme-making and programme-exchange domains. The EBU has active members in about
60 countries in the European broadcasting area; its headquarters is in Geneva.
European Broadcasting Union
Tel: +41 22 717 21 11
Fax: +41 22 717 24 81

The Eureka Project 147 was established in 1987, with funding from the European Commission, to develop a system for
the broadcasting of audio and data to fixed, portable or mobile receivers. Their work resulted in the publication of
European Standard, ETSI EN 300 401 [1], for DAB (see note 2) which now has worldwide acceptance.
NOTE 2: DAB is a registered trademark owned by one of the Eureka Project 147 partners.
The DAB family of standards is supported by World DAB, an organization with members drawn from broadcasting
organizations and telecommunication providers together with companies from the professional and consumer
electronics industry.
Modal verbs terminology
In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and
"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of
"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.

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6 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
1 Scope
The present document establishes an optional extension to the broadcast standard for Digital Audio Broadcasting
(DAB) system.
The Filtered Information Service (FIS) is a data application that allows service providers to deliver information to
groups of receivers with configurable filters, for example, text language, model number, date of registration, etc. The
XML framework and transport specification are defined.
2 References
2.1 Normative references
References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or
non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the
referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at
NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee
their long term validity.
The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.
[1] ETSI EN 300 401 (V2.1.1): "Radio Broadcasting Systems; Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) to
mobile, portable and fixed receivers".
[2] ETSI EN 301 234 (V2.1.1): "Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB); Multimedia Object Transfer
(MOT) Protocol".
[3] ETSI TS 101 756: "Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB); Registered Tables".
[4] ISO 8601: "Data elements and interchange formats -- Information interchange -- Representation of
dates and times".
[5] ISO/IEC 10646: "Information technology - Universal Coded Character Set (UCS)".
[6] IETF RFC 2045: "Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet
Message Bodies".
[7] ISO 3166-1: "Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions -
Part 1: Country codes".
[8] "GeoRSS: Geographically Encoded objects for RSS feeds".
NOTE: Available at

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7 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
2.2 Informative references
References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or
non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the
referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
NOTE: While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee
their long term validity.
The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the
user with regard to a particular subject area.
[i.1] ETSI TS 101 499: "Hybrid Digital Radio (DAB, DRM, RadioDNS); SlideShow; User Application
3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations
3.1 Terms
For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in ETSI EN 300 401 [1] and the following apply:
display language: user defined language used for display of text elements
key: unique identifier used to address receiver devices allocated to a particular company
3.2 Symbols
3.3 Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
DAB Digital Audio Broadcasting
FEC Forward Error Correction
FIG Fast Information Group
FIS Filtered Information Service
GPS Global Positioning System
HMI Human Machine Interface
ISO International Organization for Standardization
JFIF JPEG File Interchange Format
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
MCI Multiplex Configuration Information
MIME Multimedia Internet Message Extensions
MJD Modified Julian Date
MOT Multimedia Object Transfer
MSC Main Service Channel
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
PNG Portable Network Graphics
POI Point-Of-Interest
URL Uniform Resource Locator
UTF Unicode Transformation Format
XML eXtensible Markup Language
XSD XML Schema Definition

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8 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
4 Introduction
The Filtered Information Service (FIS)is an application used to send messages to suitably equipped DAB devices via
the broadcast radio network. It may be used by a radio manufacturer, car manufacturer or third-party to disseminate
information to their clients. The FIS allows the information to be identified by company defined filters in order to target
particular information to particular device groups. The information is primarily text based, but images may also be
FIS use cases can be very diverse, from kitchen radios to a company car fleet.
EXAMPLE 1: A kitchen radio maker provides news that updated software is available for download via an
internet address, or that it has new models available.
EXAMPLE 2: An OEM wishes to reach vehicle owners about important information such as a dealer recall but
has lost contact with some owners due to vehicle resale; the information may be targeted at a
particular range of vehicles based on the model year, transmission system, etc.
EXAMPLE 3: A car rental company provides general messages to groups of vehicles based on their location, age,
etc. and specific details of individual rental issues which are only displayed in the corresponding
Since the FIS uses the DAB broadcast network, there is no need for special infrastructure to transmit the FIS
information. The broadcaster or network operator embeds messages into the DAB broadcast according to the defintions
provided by the present document. The receiver implements security and message filtering mechanisms in order to
display the appropriate information. It is not necessary for the receiver to have continuous reception of the FIS, because
the information is cyclically repeated and cached in the receiver.
Each FIS has a unique company identifier, called a key, which allows receivers to focus on only the messages of
interest. Messages may be provided securely to end-user devices by the use of encryption. A FIS consists of an XML
document and may include additional image files.
An overview of the FIS is provided in figure 1.
Company identifier mismatch
Company identifier mismatch
Company identifier match
Company identifier mismatch
Message creation

Figure 1: Overview of the FIS
An entity can direct a message to a dedicated subset of its own receivers by defining and using filters linked to the
product characteristics that the company wants to address.
EXAMPLE 4: An OEM can direct messages to specific car models from specific registration periods.

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9 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
It is the company responsibility to define its own filters in a filter definition file. With this file, filters can be applied to
messages in the broadcast XML file. The receiver will display the message only if associated filters are compliant with
the receiver configuration file.

Figure 2: Example of use of the filter definition file
Messages from a particular service provider are grouped together into a FIS. The FIS may be encrypted to provide
additional security, but the encryption method is not standardized. Encryption is not recommended when the FIS is
directed to multiple receiver brands, for example, when a car rental company wants to send messages to the entire fleet;
in this case different makes and models of cars with different receiver brands all need to be able to decode the FIS.
5 Filtered Information Service data
5.0 Introduction
A FIS consists of a set of messages, encoded as an XML file, and supporting data files, such as images, carried in an
MOT carousel (see ETSI EN 301 234 [2]). The MOT carousel is transported using packet mode with additional FEC
(see ETSI EN 300 401 [1]). Every file within the MOT carousel is identified with the company identifier to provide the
first level of message selection in the receiver.
All XML documents defined in the present document shall use the ISO/IEC 10646 [5] character set using UTF-8
character encoding.
Text sections (attributes or elements) shall not use the following reserved XML characters:
& " '
These characters shall be encoded using the predefined entity references & " &apos respectively.
The reserved XML characters < > may be used in the title and body elements. In all other text sections they shall
be encoded using the predefined entity references < > respectively.

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10 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
5.1 FIS element
This is the root element of the FIS document and can contain zero or more of the following elements:
• message.
Its attributes are detailed below:
Attribute Description Type Status
Company identifier for entity providing the xs: unsignedInt Required
Indicator for changed content; shall be incremented xs:unsignedShort Required
by one for every new version of the fis element,
modulo 65536.

5.2 Message element
The message element can contain the following elements:
• text
• picture
• validity
• geolocation
• filters
As a minimum, one text element and one validity element shall be specified for each message. The validity
element specifies the lifetime of the message in the receiver.
Its attributes are detailed below:
Attribute Description Type Status
Unique identifier xs:unsignedInt Required
Message priority chosen from: xs:enumeration Optional,
critical, important, major, normal, minor, low defaults to

The identifier attribute shall be set to a unique value for each message, in the range 0 to 4 294 967 295.
A message is created by using a new identifier.
A message is deleted in the receiver only when its validity has expired, even if it is no longer transmitted. The
service provider shall therefore ensure that no identifier is reused until after the message has expired.
Only the validity element may be updated, see clause 5.5: this allows a message to have its validity extended or
curtailed. If any other content is changed, a new message with a different identifier shall be created; the old
message should continue to be transmitted with an expired validity to ensure its deletion in receivers.
Not all messages will have the same importance: some may be really important, for example, if they concern a safety
issue, others may be less important, for example, those that concern only promotion.
The FIS has 6 levels of messages:
• 0: critical
• 1: important
• 2: major

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11 ETSI TS 103 689 V1.1.1 (2019-11)
• 3: normal (d

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