This document specifies the general principles to be followed when test specimens of thermoplastic materials are prepared by laser-based powder bed fusion (PBF-LB/P), which is commonly known as laser sintering. The (PBF-LB/P) process is used to prepare test specimens layer upon layer in which thermal energy selectively fuses regions of a powder bed. This document provides a basis for establishing reproducible and reportable sintering conditions. Its purpose is to promote uniformity in describing the main process parameters, build orientation of the sintering process and also to establish uniform practice in reporting sintering conditions. This document does not specify the test procedure itself.

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This document establishes the main requirements for: — a choice of coating materials and coatings for space applications; — processes and procedures for the verification of coating materials; — processes of preparation and quality control of the painted surface; — the quality control of the applied coatings. This document also describes the causes of possible defects in coatings. This document is applicable to coating materials and coatings based on them; it is intended for use by manufacturers of space systems products for various surfaces of spacecraft’s and its constitutive parts (on-board systems, facilities, tools, electronic component base products) with long active lifetimes.

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This document specifies MPEG media transport (MMT) technologies, which include a single encapsulation format, delivery protocols and signalling messages for transport and delivery of multimedia data over heterogeneous packet-switched networks for multimedia services. Types of packet-switched networks supported by this document include bidirectional networks such as Internet Protocol (IP) networks and unidirectional networks such as digital broadcast networks (which may or may not use the IP). The technologies specified by this document belong to one of three functional areas of MMT: media processing unit (MPU) format, signalling messages and delivery protocol. The MPU format specifies the “mpuf” branded ISO-based media file format (ISOBMFF) encapsulating both timed and non-timed media contents. The MPU format is a self-contained ISOBMFF structure enabling independent consumption of media data, which hides codec-specific details from the delivery function. The signalling functional area specifies the formats of signalling messages carrying information for managing media content delivery and consumption, e.g. specific media locations and delivery configuration of media contents. The delivery functional area specifies the payload formats that are independent of media and codec types, which allow fragmentation and aggregation of contents encapsulated as specified by this document for delivery using packet-switched oriented transport protocols. The delivery functional area also provides an application layer transport protocol that allows for advanced delivery of media contents.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the fire resistance of pressure vessels with a fire protection system when subjected to standard fire exposure conditions. It does not address vessels cooled by water deluge or water monitor. The test data thus obtained permits subsequent classification on the basis of the duration for which the performance of the pressure vessel under these conditions satisfies specified criteria. The design of the pressure vessel is not covered in this document.

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This document specifies a method for determining selected vulcanization characteristics of a rubber compound by means of a rotorless curemeter. An introduction to the use of curemeters is given in ISO 6502‑1.

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This document specifies two titration methods for determining the acid value in essential oils. These two methods are not applicable to essential oils containing appreciable quantities of lactones (e.g. Massoïa essential oil).

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This document specifies the requirements for the performance testing of membrane filters used for the retention followed by direct enumeration of microorganisms by culture methods. This document is applicable to membrane filters which are used for retention followed by direct enumeration of specific microorganisms on solid media or on other devices containing media, like absorbent pads[19]. This document is not applicable for membrane filters used for concentration and elution or for qualitative methods. These tests are applicable to the membrane filters intended for the microbiological analysis of different types of water, such as: — drinking water, bottled water and other types of water with expected low numbers of microorganisms; — water with expected higher numbers of microorganisms, for example, surface water and process water. These tests are intended to demonstrate the suitability of the whole system (membrane filter together with the culture medium including the filtration step) required for the specific tests described in References [3], [6], [8], [10], [12] and [13]. This document applies to: — manufacturers producing membrane filters; — microbiological laboratories using membrane filters for their own testing or providing these to other end users.

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This document specifies a method for measuring the thermal resistance between a heater chip and a cold plate with the heater chip mounted on a metalized ceramic substrate, imitating a silicon carbide (SiC) high-output power module. This measurement represents an index of the heat dissipation characteristics of a metallized ceramic substrate used in a high-output power module.

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This document specifies an operational method for screening of carbon monoxide off-gassing from solid biofuel pellets. It provides requirements for sampling and establishes procedures for sample handling of solid biofuel pellets prior to the analysis of off-gassing. This document specifies the applicability and use of the method. Guidance on the applicability and use of the data is given.

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This document specifies wheel and rim test methods for ISO 4210‑2.

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This document specifies the steering test methods for ISO 4210‑2.

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This document specifies pedal and drive system test methods for ISO 4210‑2.

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This document specifies saddle and seat-post test methods for ISO 4210‑2.

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This document specifies checklists to be used to evaluate secure cryptographic devices (SCDs) incorporating cryptographic processes as specified in ISO 9564‑1, ISO 9564‑2, ISO 16609, and ISO 11568 in the financial services environment. Integrated circuit (IC) payment cards are subject to the requirements identified in this document up until the time of issue, after which they are to be regarded as a “personal” device and outside of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies safety and performance requirements for the design, assembly, and testing of bicycles and sub-assemblies, and lays down guidelines for manufacturer’s instructions on the use and care of such bicycles. This document applies to young adult bicycles with maximum saddle height of 635 mm or more and less than 750 mm, city and trekking bicycles, mountain bicycles, and racing bicycles that have a maximum saddle height of 635 mm or more including folding bicycles. This document does not apply to specialized types of bicycle, such as delivery bicycles, recumbent bicycles, tandems, BMX bicycles, and bicycles designed and equipped for use in severe applications such as sanctioned competition events, stunting, or aerobatic manoeuvres. NOTE For bicycles with a maximum saddle height of 435 mm or less, see national regulations for ride-on toys, and with a maximum saddle height of more than 435 mm and less than 635 mm, see ISO 8098.

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This document specifies a method for making transverse root, face and side bend tests on test specimens taken from butt welds, butt welds with cladding (subdivided into welds in clad plates and clad welds) and cladding without butt welds, in order to reveal imperfections on or near the surface of the test specimen which is under tension during bend testing and/or assess ductility. It also gives the dimensions of the test specimen. In addition, this document specifies methods to be used instead of transverse bend tests with a former for welded joints when base materials, heat affected zones and/or weld metal have a significant difference in their physical and mechanical properties in relation to bending. This document applies to metallic materials in all forms of product with welded joints made by any welding process.

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This document specifies the common test methods for ISO 4210‑2.

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This document specifies the frame and fork test methods for ISO 4210‑2.

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This document specifies terms and definitions related to safety and performance requirements for the design, assembly, and testing of bicycles and sub-assemblies having maximum saddle height 635 mm or more. This document does not apply to specialized types of bicycle such as delivery bicycles, recumbent bicycles, tandems, BMX bicycles, and bicycles designed and equipped for use in severe applications such as sanctioned competition events, stunting, or aerobatic manoeuvres. NOTE For bicycles with a maximum saddle height of 435 mm or less, see national regulations for ride-on toys, and with a maximum saddle height of more than 435 mm and less than 635 mm, see ISO 8098.

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This document specifies the braking test methods for ISO 4210‑2.

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This document gives the essential principles in the application of ISO 25841. It outlines the details of elements applicable in quality management of female condoms as required by related normative standards, as referred in ISO 25841 and other relevant concepts. This document supplements the use of ISO 25841 and addresses quality management aspects to be considered during the development, manufacture, quality verification and procurement of female condoms. It encompasses the principles of quality management systems in design, manufacture, and delivery of female condoms with emphasis on their performance, safety and reliability. This document is applicable to female condoms made of natural rubber or synthetic rubber or synthetic polymers and the retention devices which form the integral components of female condoms. NOTE Female condoms made from either natural rubber latex or synthetic rubber or other synthetic polymeric materials are addressed in ISO 25841.

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This document describes the calculation of coverage ratios of body measurement tables in comparison with two or three selected body dimensions of the targeted population. NOTE Theoretically, the calculation of the coverage ratios can be extended to further dimensions. Practically, carrying out calculations based on 4 or more dimensions, leading to low percentages, face difficulty in getting easy visual illustrations and has not been found relevant. This document is applicable to body measurement tables only if a database of body dimensions of the targeted population is available.

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This document specifies test methods for specific heat capacity under high temperature conditions from the normal temperature range to 1 600 K for insulation materials for buildings using the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) method.

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This document describes a method for calculating steady-state rollover threshold of heavy commercial vehicles and buses, not considering the effects of active control systems. The calculation method considers the main factors that influence the rollover threshold, namely the height of centre of gravity, the track, the tyre lateral stiffness, and all factors that affect the vehicle roll stiffness. The considered compliances (e.g. tyre deformation) have a considerable influence on the effective track, and consequently on the steady-state rollover threshold. NOTE As an alternative to the described calculation method standard, the steady-state rollover threshold can be measured on a test track or with a tilt-table test as described in ISO 16333.

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This document provides recommendations and requirements to project developers, decision-makers and managers responsible for authorising, promoting, financing, planning, designing, procuring, managing, reviewing and implementing a project or programme. The recommendations and requirements aim to ensure that a project or programme adds value by aligning its development and implementation with a community’s own or externally directed sustainability strategies and objectives and the requirements of ISO 37101. This document supports both a top-down approach, where the community has implemented ISO 37101 and expects the developers to meet the standard’s requirements, as well as a bottom-up approach, where the developer wants to meet the ISO 37101 framework principles whether the community has or has not implemented the standard. In both situations, it is recognised that implementing this document ensures that the project will contribute holistically to the sustainability of the community. This document: — recognises that there are several types of communities and stakeholder organisations that are charged with implementing ISO 37101; — offers practical guidelines to all types of developers on initiating, planning, implementing, monitoring, managing and continually improving sustainable development activities for a specific project or programme at all its stages in a way that is both inclusive and holistic and in accordance with ISO 37101; — in referencing the six sustainable development goals (SDGs) of ISO 37101, establishes a framework for the evaluation of the relevance of a project or programme in the context of the sustainable development of a community, the community’s strategy and objectives, its management capacity, and its management systems for quality, the environment, health and safety, and governance; — supports mainstreaming the actions and interactions of a multitude of independent decision makers to enhance the global impact on sustainable urban development that results from a wide variety of urban strategies, plans and programmes.

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This document establishes: — principles and methods for the performance assessment of presentation attack detection (PAD) mechanisms; — reporting of testing results from evaluations of PAD mechanisms; and — a classification of known attack types (Annex A). Outside the scope are: — standardization of specific PAD mechanisms; — detailed information about countermeasures (i.e. anti-spoofing techniques), algorithms or sensors; and — overall system-level security or vulnerability assessment. The attacks considered in this document take place at the biometric capture device during presentation. Any other attacks are considered outside the scope of this document.

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This document describes a method for determining the minimum detectability of surface plasmon resonance device. This document is applicable to surface plasmon resonance devices of the white-light illumination type and the laser illumination type with the angle scanning capability.

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This document specifies safety requirements for conductive connection of electrically propelled mopeds and motorcycles (referred to as the EVs) to external electric circuits. NOTE 1 External electric circuits include external electric power supplies and external electric loads. It does not provide comprehensive safety information for manufacturing, maintenance and repair personnel. It applies only to on-board charging systems between the plug or vehicle inlet and RESS circuits. NOTE 2 The requirements when not connected to external electric circuits are specified in the ISO 13063 series. Requirements for bidirectional energy transfer DC to AC are under consideration and are not part of this document. NOTE 3 The safety requirements for DC EV supply equipment where protection relies on electrical separation are specified in IEC 61851-25. NOTE 4 The safety requirements for DC EV supply equipment where protection relies on double or reinforced insulation are specified in IEC TS 61851-3-1 and IEC TS 61851-3-2.

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Classes A1a and B1a porcelain (as defined in ISO 13006) are now manufactured in much larger formats than previously available and are increasingly being used as an external cladding material for buildings. Classes A1b, A11a, and AIIb extruded ceramics (as defined in ISO 13006) are not covered by the scope of this document. These materials, when specifically developed for external façade applications, have been used extensively for many years and established methodologies already exist. Large format porcelain tiles or panels are generally considered to be too large to be used externally on high buildings when installed by conventional adhesive fixing methods (ISO/TR 17870-1 and ISO/TR 17870-2); therefore, mechanical fixings are used. As there are currently no published standards or guidelines for these products to be installed in this way, this document provides generic information on some typical types of mechanical fixing systems in use together with positive and negative wind load factors and typical testing procedures that can be used for evaluating anchor pull-out or edge fracture resistance. Also, because the current impact resistance test method for ceramics tiles (ISO 10545-5) relates only to traditional (bedded) installed tiling – which measures the coefficient of restitution – it is not an appropriate test for unbedded (unsupported) tiles, so alternative test methods (ISO 7892) are referred to for measuring hard-body and soft-body impact resistance. Guidance is provided regarding typical impact zones of vulnerability to hard and soft body impact and reference is made to anti-shatter mesh backings, which are sometimes applied to porcelain cladding tiles and panels. Installation systems which rely upon the chemical adhesion of metal brackets, straps or framing, etc. onto or into large format porcelain tiles or panels in conjunction with, or instead of, mechanical attachment, are not included in this document. The detailed principles for the design and construction of the substructure of ventilated façades, also known as rain screens, used on the outside of buildings, are well documented in other national and international standards and are not therefore, included in this document, other than in general reference.

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This document specifies the Saunderson correction for different measurement geometries and the solutions of the Kubelka-Munk equation for hiding and transparent layers. It also specifies methods for the calculations of the tinting strength including the residual colour difference based on different criteria such as the depth of shade. Finally, methods for determining the hiding power are provided. The procedures for preparing the samples for these measurements are not part of this document. They are agreed between the contracting parties or are described in other national or international standards.

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This document specifies a method of measurement of the maximum insertion portion width of medical endoscopes and certain endoscopic accessories.

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This document establishes requirements for adventure tourism involving hiking and trekking activities, relating to the safety of participants, leaders and assistants. This document also establishes criteria relating to characteristics and difficulty level for hiking and trekking route classification. This document applies to hiking and trekking activities that are offered as tourism products. Tourism product design involves a product planning and development phase that is not subject to this document. Some tourism products include hiking and/or trekking activities together with other tourism services (e.g. transfers, meals, lodging), but this document applies only to hiking and trekking activities, the additional tourism services being excluded from the scope. This document is applicable to any kind of adventure tourism activity provider that offers tourism products consisting of hiking and/or trekking activities.

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This document describes the procedure for the determination of soluble sulfate salts which can be present in aggregates. The test is suitable for aggregates where the sulfate content derives directly from contact with, or immersion in, saline water, e.g. typical sea-dredged aggregates.

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This document specifies two laboratory methods for testing certain essential strength characteristics of disc wheels intended for road use on commercial vehicles, buses, trailers, and multipurpose passenger vehicles, as defined in ISO 3833. The test methods are: — dynamic cornering fatigue test and — dynamic radial fatigue test.

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This document specifies safety and performance requirements and test methods for the design, assembly and testing of fully assembled bicycles and sub-assemblies for young children. It also provides guidelines for instructions on the use and care of the bicycles. This document is applicable to bicycles with a maximum saddle height of more than 435 mm and less than 635 mm, propelled by a transmitted drive to the rear wheel. It is not applicable to special bicycles intended for performing stunts (e.g. BMX bicycles). NOTE For bicycles with a maximum saddle height of 435 mm or less, see national regulations for ride-on toys, and with a maximum saddle height of 635 mm or more, see ISO 4210-1 to ISO 4210-9.

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This document provides specifications and illustrations for the positioning and orientation of parts with regards with coordinate systems and testing methodologies for additive manufacturing (AM) technologies in an effort to standardize the method of representation used by AM users, producers, researchers, educators, press/media, and others, particularly when reporting results from testing of parts made on AM systems. Included specifications cover coordinate systems and the location and orientation of parts. It is intended to be in accordance with the principles of ISO 841 and to clarify the specific adaptation of those principles for additive manufacturing.

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This document, together with ISO 15004-1 and ISO 15004-2, specifies minimum requirements and test methods for hand-held, spectacle-type, and head-worn indirect ophthalmoscopes for observing indirect images of the eye fundus. This document takes precedence over ISO 15004-1 and ISO 15004-2, if differences exist. This document is not applicable to condensing lenses used for indirect ophthalmoscopy or to accessories. This document is not applicable to table-mounted instruments such as Gullstrand ophthalmoscopes and their derivatives, nor to ophthalmoscopes primarily intended for image capture and/or processing such as those based on scanning laser techniques.

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This document specifies content-related aspects of terminology database maintenance. It gives guidance on the content of terminological data collections, with emphasis on data quality evaluation. This document gives guidance for modellers of concept entries who need to ensure interoperability and high-quality content. It aims to ensure that terminological data collections themselves meet high standards for design conformity with standards such as ISO 12620-1 and ISO 16642, data accuracy and performance. It outlines principles for assuring data quality (see ISO 9001) and evaluating terminological data collections for purposes of continuous improvement. This approach contrasts that of ISO 23185:2009, which focuses on the usability of existing terminology resources. This document does not apply to the management of text corpora or to term extraction tools.

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This document specifies the classification of and requirements for waxes used for dental casting (including products intended for CAD/CAM milling) using the lost-wax technique and dental baseplate preparation together with the test methods to be employed to determine compliance with these requirements. Solid polymer products (such as acrylics) for CAD/CAM work, and thermoplastic or photo-curing resins used in additive processes, are not covered by this document. This document does not include specific and quantitative requirements for freedom from biological hazards.

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The current ISO 16355 series is written intentionally independent of industry because the principles of applying statistical methods for product and technology development are similar for all types of products. However, when applying the standard for the development of fully or partially digitized products in practice, specific characteristics of digital goods in product development (such as measurability, immateriality, economies of scale effects, etc.) are taken into account. This document gives guidelines for adapting the quality function deployment (QFD) process, its purpose, users, and tools as they are described in the ISO 16355 series that consider these specific characteristics for developing digitalized products and services. Table 1 illustrates the scope of this document by stating examples of the types of products the standard focuses on. Users of this document include all organization functions necessary to assure customer satisfaction, including business planning, marketing, sales, research and development (R&D), engineering, information technology (IT), manufacturing, procurement, quality, production, service, packaging and logistics, support, testing, regulatory, and other phases in hardware, software, service, and system organizations.

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This document specifies a family of scene-referred extended colour gamut RGB colour image encodings designated as reference input medium metric RGB (RIMM RGB). Digital images encoded using RIMM RGB can be manipulated, stored, transmitted, displayed or printed by digital still picture imaging systems. Three precision levels are defined using 8-, 12- and 16-bits/channel. An extended luminance dynamic range version of RIMM RGB is also defined, designated as extended reference input medium metric RGB (ERIMM RGB). Two precision levels of ERIMM RGB are defined using 12- and 16-bits/channel. FP-RIMM RGB, a floating point version of RIMM RGB, defines the expression method of RIMM RGB in a floating point figure. Three precision levels of FP-RIMM RGB are defined using 16-, 32- and 64-bits/channel.

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This document describes two methods for measuring stress in tension under non-isothermal conditions. — Method A: The thermal stress is measured for various pre-strain and temperature conditions as a function of time. — Method B: The change of stress is measured in a test piece at a given strain and under variation of temperature at a given heating rate as a function of temperature. In this way, the determination of the thermal-mechanical behaviour of a rubber can be accelerated, e.g. for the purpose of comparative testing of aging or estimating the upper limit of the operating temperature. The measurement device, which is equipped with a suitable heating chamber, is used to record the stress as a function of time or temperature until the sample breaks or the stress has approached zero or for a certain time.

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This document provides guidelines for customer identification in mobile financial services (MFS), including: — a general framework of customer identification for MFS; — the multi-dimensional overall identity assurance level (AL) of an MFS customer and its evaluation criteria; — security and privacy considerations. This document also contains annexes which demonstrate how to apply the ALs in practice, through (e)KYC use cases in different regions, for example. This document is applicable to various kinds of MFS providers, including but not limited to commercial banks and third-party payment service providers. This document is applicable to identifying natural persons. Identifying legal entities, known as (e)KYB, is out of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies the data output formats for the specular microscope. The data are usually sent from the specular microscope to either an ophthalmic information system (OIS) or a hospital information system (HIS). This document addresses text-based analysis reporting of the specular microscope measured and analysed data such as the central corneal thickness, the density of endothelial cells per 1 mm2, the coefficient variant, and the ratio of endothelial cells with a hexagonal shape.

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This document specifies the measurement data output formats for devices used in general ophthalmic examiniations, including the following modalities: — Refractometer (REF) Refraction — Keratometer (KM) Corneal curvature — Tonometer (TM) Intraocular pressure — Lensmeter (LM) Spectacle lens power — Phoroptor (PHOR) Visual acuity This document only addresses text-based device reporting of ophthalmic examination device data (OEDD). Images generated as needed during an ophthalmic examination are outside the scope of this document.

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This document gives guidance on the use of an energy management system (EnMS) in accordance with ISO 50001:2018 to achieve net zero energy (NZE), and supports the achievement of net zero carbon (NZC) and other sustainability goals. It describes how to establish an enhanced EnMS designed to achieve: a) improvement of operational and maintenance practices based on NZE principles; b) integration of renewable energy into operations and maintenance; c) planning for facilities, systems, equipment or processes to implement NZE and NZC. This document does not apply to technologies, design or construction. The technical specification of passive, active or renewable energy for NZE or NZC is also not included because of different regional conditions by countries.

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This document establishes principles and specifies general requirements that are applicable to all types of product-related environmental statements and environmental statement programmes. Environmental statements result from environmental statement programmes and include self-declared environmental claims, ecolabels, environmental product declarations (EPDs) and footprint communications. This document is intended to be used in conjunction with other standards in the ISO 14020 family. NOTE Those other standards contain additional terms and definitions, principles and requirements that are relevant to their specific scopes.

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This document defines the use and structure of the Research Activity Identifier (RAiD) system. The RAiD system includes a registry which supports the identification of research projects, i.e. projects managed in a scholarly or industrial environment which are expected to lead to specified outputs. It also specifies the RAiD metadata record which holds key metadata relating to the identified project and indicates relationships to other entities and their persistent identifiers and metadata. RAiD is an identifier for research projects and sub projects or tasks within such projects. It is not itself an identifier for any individual, group or institution, it is not a repository for project documentation or deliverables, nor is it a repository, platform or storage method. It does not apply to research outputs.

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