Latest Standards, Engineering Specifications, Manuals and Technical Publications

Collection of latest documents from ISO, IEC, CEN, CENELEC, ETSI, and SIST.

This document specifies the requirements and test methods for protective gloves intended to protect the user against micro-organisms. NOTE If other protection features are needed, e.g. chemical risks, mechanical risks, thermal risks, electrostatic dissipation etc., the appropriate specific performance standard is used in addition. Further information on protective gloves standards can be found in the ISO 21420:2020+Amd 1:2022

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This document specifies the requirements for hexavalent chromium free anodizing of aluminium and aluminium alloys for corrosion protection, bonding and painting.
This document does not apply to hard anodizing and plasma electrolytic anodizing (micro-arc oxidation).
The purpose of this document is to give design, quality and manufacturing requirements. It does not give complete in-house process instructions; these are given in the processor's detailed process instructions.

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This document specifies the methods to be used for the measurement of energy content and main elements balances of algae from cultivation or from wild growth and algae products to provide biomass, intended for renewable algal raw material used as bioenergy and in bio-based products.
This document does not apply to methods of algae and algae products sampling, harvesting and pre/postprocessing.
This document does not apply to algae and algae products intended for the food and feed sector.

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This document defines requirements and recommendations to be used for the management of cybersecurity in space systems. Space systems include manned and unmanned spacecraft, launcher, payload, experiment, ground equipment and any other space facilities. This document describes the processes, techniques, and responsibilities for managing the cybersecurity, ways to prevent and mitigate accidents and incidents. This document addresses systems engineering activities and provides requirements and recommendations for security engineering. This document establishes a common reference for the space sector to work to manage the systems engineering issues related to cybersecurity for all space products, services and projects. This document doesn't describe in detail the systems engineering processes or related project management processes, or detailed requirements or processes for cybersecurity.

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This document presents the requirements and recommendations for the management of systems engineering for space systems. This document addresses the systems engineering activities and provides guidelines for interfacing with specific major management subjects (e.g. configuration management, data management, interface management, risk management, requirements management, and integrated logistics support). This document establishes a common reference for all customers and suppliers in the space sector to work with management of systems engineering for all space products and projects. This document does not describe in detail the standard systems engineering process or project management process for all types of space systems.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in Clause 4 which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of passenger stairs when used as intended, including misuse reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, when carried out in accordance with the specifications given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. It also takes into account some requirements recognised as essential by authorities, aircraft and ground support equipment (GSE) manufacturers as well as airlines and handling agencies.
This European Standard applies to:
a)   self-propelled stairs with seated driver;
b)   pedestrian controlled stairs;
c)   towable stairs equipped with powered means, e.g. for height adjustment, stabilisers;
d)   automatic levelling systems of stairs
for embarking/disembarking of passengers.
Powered should also be understood as manual effort stored in springs or hydraulic accumulators, etc., the dangerous action of which can be produced or can continue after the manual effort has ceased or directly applied manual effort for lifting or lowering loads.
Those clauses of this standard that can apply may also be used as a guideline for the design of towable stairs without powered means.
This European Standard does not establish additional requirements for the following:
1)   persons falling out of an aircraft with the passenger stairs not in position;
2)   hazards resulting from a moving stairway (escalator);
3)   upper deck door access.
This part of EN 12312 is not applicable to passenger stairs which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this standard.
This part of EN 12312 when used in conjunction with EN 1915-1, EN 1915-2, EN 1915-3 and EN 1915-4 provides the requirements for passenger stairs.

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This document specifies general requirements and gives guidance on microbiological examinations.
It is applicable to:
—     the implementation of specific horizontal or vertical International Standards developed by ISO/TC 34/SC 9 or ISO/TC 34/SC 5 for detection or enumeration of microorganisms, named hereafter “specific standards”;
—     good laboratory practices for microbiology laboratories testing samples from the food chain;
—     guidance for microbiological laboratories testing samples from the food chain on the technical requirements for conforming to ISO/IEC 17025.
The requirements of this general standard supersede corresponding ones in existing specific standards.
Additional instructions for examinations using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are specified in ISO 22174.
This document is applicable to examinations for bacteria, yeasts and moulds and can be used, if supplemented with specific guidance, for parasites and viruses. It does not apply to examinations for toxins or other metabolites (e.g. amines) from microorganisms.
This document is applicable to microbiology of the food chain, from primary production stage to food and animal feed products, including the premises where the food or feed production and handling takes place. It is also applicable to the microbiological examination of water where water is used in food production or is regarded as a food in national legislation.

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This document specifies the requirements for a terminally sterilized medical device to be designated ‘STERILE’. Part 2 of this European standard specifies the requirements for an aseptically processed medical device to be designated "STERILE".
NOTE   For the purpose of the EU Directive(s) for medical devices (see Bibliography), designation of a medical device as ‘STERILE’ is only permissible when a validated sterilization process has been applied. Requirements for validation and routine control of processes for the sterilization of medical devices are specified in EN ISO 11135, EN ISO 11137, EN ISO 14160, EN ISO 14937, EN ISO 17665-1, EN ISO 20857, EN ISO 25424 and ISO 22441.

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Specifies the characteristics of products with metric dimensions and thread sizes from M 1,6 up to and including M 12 and product grade A; includes specifications with reference to International Standards; tabulates thread sizes M 1,6 up to M 12 with nominal lengths from 2 mm up to 60 mm; gives an example for the designation.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the content of undissolved substances, referred to as total contamination, in neat fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). The working range is from 5 mg/kg to 30 mg/kg and it was established in an interlaboratory study by applying EN ISO 4259-1 [1].
This European Standard in general applies to products having a kinematic viscosity not exceeding 8 mm2/s at 20 °C, or 5 mm2/s at 40 °C, e.g. FAME as specified in EN 14214 [2].

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the content of undissolved substances, referred to as total contamination, in middle distillates, in diesel fuels containing up to 30 % (V/V) fatty acid methyl esters (FAME), and in neat FAME. The working range is from 12 mg/kg to 30 mg/kg and it was established in an interlaboratory study by applying EN ISO 4259 [2].
This European Standard in general applies to products having a kinematic viscosity not exceeding 8 mm2/s at 20 °C, or 5 mm2/s at 40 °C, e.g. diesel fuel as specified in EN 590 [1].
This test method may be used for diesel fuels containing more than 30 % (V/V) FAME and for petroleum products having a kinematic viscosity exceeding 8 mm2/s at 20 °C, or 5 mm2/s at 40 °C, however in such cases the precision of the test method is not defined.
NOTE 1   Excessive contamination in a fuel system can give rise to premature blocking of filters and/or hardware failure, and is therefore undesirable.
NOTE 2   For the purposes of this European Standard, the term "% (V/V)" is used to represent the volume fraction, φ, of a material.
WARNING - Use of this standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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IEC 62282-8-201:2024 is available as IEC 62282-8-201:2024 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62282-8-201:2024 defines the evaluation methods of typical performances for electric energy storage systems using hydrogen. It is applicable to the systems that use electrochemical reaction devices for both power charge and discharge. This document applies to systems that are designed and used for service and operation in stationary locations (indoor and outdoor). It specifies performance evaluation methods for electric energy storage systems using hydrogen that employ electrochemical reactions both for water and steam electrolysis and electric power generation. This document is intended for power-to-power systems which typically employ a set of electrolyser and fuel cell, or a reversible cell for devices of electric charge and discharge. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2020.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) consideration of systems connected to hydrogen supply infrastructure (hydrogen grids, vessels, caverns or pipelines);
b) hydrogen input and output rate is added in the system parameters (5.10);
c) electric energy storage capacity test is revised (6.2);
d) roundtrip electrical efficiency test is revised (6.5);
e) hydrogen input and output rate test is added (6.6.6).

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This document specifies the technology of biological exhaust air purification. The relevant requirements for a possible application are specified. The different variants of this technique are also presented. NOTE The process principles of this method are described in Clause 4.

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This document specifies three methods to determine the permeability to gas by measuring the volume of gas diffusing through a rubber or plastics hose or length of tubing used for gas applications in a specified time.
—     Method 1 is for determining the permeability of the complete hose wall or length of tubing wall, excluding end fittings, to the test gas.
—     Method 2 is for determining the permeability at the hose and fitting interface to the test gas.
—     Method 3 is for precisely determining the permeability of the complete hose or length of tubing, including end fittings.

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This document gives guidance on design principles and on design of work systems, including task and equipment design (comprising robotics and intelligent autonomous systems) and design of the workplace, as well as working conditions with the inclusion of social and organisational factors, emphasising mental workload and its effects as specified in ISO 10075-1. It applies to the design of work and use of human capacities, with the intention of providing optimal working conditions with respect to health and safety, well-being, performance and effectiveness, preventing overload as well as underload, in order to avoid impairing effects and fostering the facilitating effects described in ISO 10075-1. This document includes the design of technical, organisational and social factors only and does not apply to problems of selection or training. This document does not address problems of measurement of mental workload or its effects. This document refers to all kinds of human work activities (see ISO 10075-1), not only to those which can be described as cognitive or mental tasks in a restricted sense but also to those with a primarily physical workload. This document is applicable to all those engaged in the design and use of work systems, for example system and equipment designers, employers and workers and their representatives, where they exist. This document is applicable to the design of new work systems as well as to the redesign of existing ones undergoing substantial revision.

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ISO 4766:2011 specifies the characteristics of slotted set screws with flat point and thread sizes from M1,2 to M12 inclusive and product grade A.

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IEC 61674:2024 specifies the performance and some related constructional requirements of DIAGNOSTIC DOSIMETERS intended for the measurement of AIR KERMA, AIR KERMA LENGTH PRODUCT or AIR KERMA RATE, in photon radiation fields used in medical X-ray imaging, such as RADIOGRAPHY, RADIOSCOPY and COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT), for X-RADIATION with generating potentials in the range of 20 kV to 150 kV. This document is applicable to the performance of DOSIMETERS with VENTED IONIZATION CHAMBERS and/or SEMICONDUCTOR DETECTORS as used in X-ray diagnostic imaging.
IEC 61674:2024 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2012. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) for mammography, the manufacturer specifies the REFERENCE VALUE for the RADIATION QUALITY;
b) for mammography, the manufacturer provides the MINIMUM RATED RANGE of RADIATION QUALITIES for the compliance test on energy dependence of response;
c) the compliance test for analogue displays was removed;
d) the compliance tests for range reset, the effect of leakage and recombination losses were removed. These tests are already covered by the test on linearity and cannot be conducted for modern devices. The estimation of COMBINED STANDARD UNCERTAINTY was changed accordingly;
e) the compliance test for mains rechargeable and battery-operated dosimeters were updated for modern devices

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This document specifies methods for calculating the resin, fibre and void contents of a carbon-fibre-reinforced composite from the densities of the resin, the fibre and the composite and the mass of fibre in the composite (using method A), for calculating the fibre content from the thickness of the composite (using method B), and for calculating the fibre content by volume and areal void content through microscopic analysis (using method C). Method A specifies three different resin removal procedures for the determination of the mass of fibre in the composite (viz a combustion procedure, a procedure by digestion in nitric acid and a procedure by digestion in a mixture of sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide). The selection of the procedure to be used is made by considering the combustibility of the resin used in the composite, its ability to decompose and the type of resin concerned. Method A is only of limited applicability when filled resins are present that can prevent complete dissolution and/or combustibility of the resin. Method B (thickness measurement method) is only applicable to composites moulded from prepregs of known fibre mass per unit area. Method C (microscopic method) is only applicable to carbon-fibre-reinforced composites with unidirectional, orthogonal and multidirectional laminates. It can also be used as reference for determination of the areal void content and fibre volume content of aramid- or glass-fibre-reinforced plastics, but is not applicable to fabric reinforced composites.

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This document defines terms relating to textile floor coverings and categories of these products.

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    36 pages
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This document gives guidance on the alignment between financial and non-financial asset management functions, to improve internal controls as part of an organization’s management system. This document is applicable to all types of assets and by all types and sizes of organizations.

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This document specifies the concepts and structure for standardization for georegulation in the marine space. This document addresses the information structures related to management of legal spaces (such as the international maritime limits and boundaries, marine living and non-living resources management areas, marine conservation areas, etc.) and their related rights and obligations. This document establishes the common elements and basic schema to structure marine georegulation information system. It builds upon the common components defined in ISO 19152-1.

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CISPR 15:2018 applies to the emission (radiated and conducted) of radiofrequency disturbances from:
- lighting equipment (3.3.16);
- the lighting part of multi-function equipment where this lighting part is a primary function;
- UV and IR radiation equipment for residential and non-industrial applications;
- advertising signs;
- decorative lighting;
- emergency signs.
Excluded from the scope of this document are:
- components or modules intended to be built into lighting equipment and which are not user-replaceable;
- lighting equipment operating in the ISM frequency bands (as defined in Resolution 63 (1979) of the ITU Radio Regulation);
- lighting equipment for aircraft and airfield facilities (runways, service facilities, platforms);
- video signs;
- installations;
- equipment for which the electromagnetic compatibility requirements in the radio-frequency range are explicitly formulated in other CISPR standards, even if they incorporate a built-in lighting function.
The frequency range covered is 9 kHz to 400 GHz. No measurements need to be performed at frequencies where no limits are specified in this document.
Multi-function equipment which is subjected simultaneously to different clauses of this document and/or other standards need to meet the provisions of each clause/standard with the relevant functions in operation.
For equipment outside the scope of this document and which includes lighting as a secondary function, there is no need to separately assess the lighting function against this document, provided that the lighting function was operative during the assessment in accordance with the applicable standard. The radiated emission requirements in this document are not intended to be applicable to the intentional transmissions from a radio transmitter as defined by the ITU, nor to any spurious emissions related to these intentional transmissions.
Within the remainder of this document, wherever the term "lighting equipment" or "EUT" is used, it is meant to be the electrical lighting and similar equipment falling in the scope of this document as specified in this clause. This ninth edition cancels and replaces the eighth edition published in 2013 and its Amendment 1:2015. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) full editorial revision and restructuring;
b) the restriction to mains and battery operation is deleted in the scope;
c) radiated disturbance limits in the frequency range 300 MHz to 1 GHz have been introduced;
d) the load terminals limits and the CDNE (alternative to radiated emissions) limits have changed;
e) deletion of the insertion-loss requirements and the associated Annex A;
f) introduction of three basic ports: wired network ports, local wired ports and the enclosure port;
g) introduction of a more technology-independent approach;
h) replacement of Annex B (CDNE) by appropriate references to CISPR 16-series of standards;
i) modified requirements for the metal holes of the conical housing;
j) new conducted disturbance measurement method for GU10 self-ballasted lamp;
k) addition of current probe measurement method and limits for various types of ports (in addition to voltage limits and measurement methods);
l) introduction of the term ‘module’ (instead of independent auxiliary) and requirements for measurement of modules using a host (reference) system;
m) modified specifications for stabilization times of EUTs;
n) for large EUT (> 1,6 m), addition of the magnetic field measurement method using a 60 cm loop antenna at 3 m distance (method from CISPR 14-1) as an alternative to the 3 m and 4 m LAS.
Keywords: emission (radiated and conducted) of radiofrequency disturbance
The contents of the Interpretation Sheet 1 of November 2019 have been included in this copy.

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    170 pages
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    153 pages
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IEC 60794-1-209:2024 defines test procedures to be used in establishing uniform requirements for the environmental performance of: - optical fibre cables for use with telecommunication equipment and devices employing similar techniques; and - cables having a combination of both optical fibres and electrical conductors. Throughout this document, the wording "optical cable" can also include optical fibre units, microduct fibre units, etc. This document defines a test standard to determine cable aging performance by high temperature exposure and temperature cycling in order to simulate lifetime behaviour of the attenuation of cables, or physical attributes. See IEC 60794‑1‑2 for a reference guide to test methods of all types and for general requirements and definitions. This document partially cancels and replaces IEC 60794‑1‑22:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC 60794‑1‑22:2017: a) the ambient temperature test condition has been defined as per IEC 60794‑1‑2; b) all the maximum allowable attenuation increase values for single-mode and multimode fibres have been deleted, and have been included in the list of details to be specified.

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IEC 60794-1-201: 2024 defines test procedures to be used in establishing uniform requirements for the environmental performance of: - optical fibre cables for use with telecommunication equipment and devices employing similar techniques; and - cables having a combination of both optical fibres and electrical conductors. Throughout this document, the wording "optical cable" can also include optical fibre units, microduct fibre units, etc. This document defines a test standard to determine the ability of a cable to withstand the effects of temperature cycling by observing changes in attenuation. See IEC 60794-1-2 for a reference guide to test methods of all types and for general requirements and definitions. This document partially replaces IEC 60794-1-22:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC 60794-1-22:2017: a) all references to the temperature sensing device have been removed and replaced with a note "for further study"; b) the conditioning procedure has been separated into Procedure 1 and Procedure 2 to avoid confusion; c) the ambient temperature test condition has been defined as per IEC 60794-1-2; d) the minimum soak time has been decreased for sample mass >16 kg in Table 1.

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This New Work Item Proposal has the scope to provide an amendment of the European standard EN 50463-5 in order to update the annex ZZ

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IEC 62631-3-12:2024 specifies a method of test for the determination of volume resistance and volume resistivity of electrical insulation materials by applying a DC voltage. It covers casting resins described in IEC 60455-3-1, IEC 60455-3-2, IEC 60455-3-3, IEC 60455-3-4, IEC 60455-3-8 and similar products.
For other specific types of materials, other standards or the general method described in IEC 62631-3-1 can be more suitable.

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This document provides a description of a system architecture for real-time automatic simultaneous interpretation systems for spontaneous speech designed to interoperate among different natural languages. While traditional speech-to-speech translation addresses the functional equivalent of consecutive interpretation, this document focuses on the functional equivalent of simultaneous interpretation. This document does not cover sign language interpretation.

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IEC TR 61643-03:2024 applies to SPD testing in accordance with the IEC 61643-x1 series and for SPD coordination and system level immunity purposes.
It aims to provide guidance and helpful information for correct test execution and accurate interpretation of measurement results. It is also intended to further enhance repeatability and comparability throughout different test laboratories and to establish an acceptable accuracy level for the test results obtained.
The main subjects are: Test application, Test arrangement/setup, Probe application, SPD coordination testing, and System level immunity testing

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This document describes a method to measure ice adhesion from artificial ice on test substrates by using a centrifuge. Basic ice types are defined and test parameters for the ice removal are described to achieve reproducibility of test results for ice adhesion measurements for rotor blade coatings. This document does not intend to provide fixed test parameter to account for the diversity of relevant icing scenarios in this field of application.

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This document specifies the requirements for a terminally sterilized medical device to be designated ‘STERILE’. Part 2 of this European standard specifies the requirements for an aseptically processed medical device to be designated "STERILE".
NOTE   For the purpose of the EU Directive(s) for medical devices (see Bibliography), designation of a medical device as ‘STERILE’ is only permissible when a validated sterilization process has been applied. Requirements for validation and routine control of processes for the sterilization of medical devices are specified in EN ISO 11135, EN ISO 11137, EN ISO 14160, EN ISO 14937, EN ISO 17665-1, EN ISO 20857, EN ISO 25424 and ISO 22441.

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IEC TS 62600-103:2024 is available as IEC TS 62600-103:2024 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC TS 62600-103:2024 is concerned with the sub-prototype scale development of wave energy converters (WECs). It includes wave tank test programmes, where wave conditions are controlled so they can be scheduled, and first sea trials, where sea states occur naturally and the programmes are adjusted and flexible to accommodate the conditions. Commercial-scale prototype tests are not covered in this document.
This document addresses:
- Planning an experimental programme, including a design statement, technical drawings, facility selection, site data and other inputs as specified in Clause 5.
- Device characterisation, including the physical device model, PTO components and mooring arrangements where appropriate.
- Environment characterisation, concerning either the tank testing facility or the sea deployment site, depending on the stage of development.
- Specification of specific test goals, including power conversion performance, device motions, device loads and device survival.
This document prescribes the minimum test programmes that form the basis of a structured technology development schedule. For each testing campaign, the prerequisites, goals and minimum test plans are specified. This document serves a wide audience of wave energy stakeholders, including device developers and their technical advisors; government agencies and funding councils; test centres and certification bodies; private investors; and environmental regulators and NGOs.

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  • Technical specification
    135 pages
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IEC 61400-8:2024 outlines the minimum requirements for the design of wind turbine nacelle-based structures and is not intended for use as a complete design specification or instruction manual. This document focuses on the structural integrity of the structural components constituted within and in the vicinity of the nacelle, including the hub, mainframe, main shaft, associated structures of direct-drives, gearbox structures, yaw structural connection, nacelle enclosure. It also addresses connections of the structural components to control and protection mechanisms, as well as structural connections of electrical units and other mechanical systems. This document focuses primarily on ferrous material-based nacelle structures but can apply to other materials also as appropriate

  • Standard
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This document specifies general requirements and gives guidance on microbiological examinations.
It is applicable to:
—     the implementation of specific horizontal or vertical International Standards developed by ISO/TC 34/SC 9 or ISO/TC 34/SC 5 for detection or enumeration of microorganisms, named hereafter “specific standards”;
—     good laboratory practices for microbiology laboratories testing samples from the food chain;
—     guidance for microbiological laboratories testing samples from the food chain on the technical requirements for conforming to ISO/IEC 17025.
The requirements of this general standard supersede corresponding ones in existing specific standards.
Additional instructions for examinations using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are specified in ISO 22174.
This document is applicable to examinations for bacteria, yeasts and moulds and can be used, if supplemented with specific guidance, for parasites and viruses. It does not apply to examinations for toxins or other metabolites (e.g. amines) from microorganisms.
This document is applicable to microbiology of the food chain, from primary production stage to food and animal feed products, including the premises where the food or feed production and handling takes place. It is also applicable to the microbiological examination of water where water is used in food production or is regarded as a food in national legislation.

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This document specifies a test method for helmets that measures the translational and rotational kinematics in impacts of a helmeted headform against an anvil.

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This document specifies the technical requirements to minimize the hazards listed in Clause 4 which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of passenger stairs when used as intended, including misuse reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, when carried out in accordance with the specifications given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative. It also takes into account some requirements recognized as essential by authorities, aircraft and ground support equipment (GSE) manufacturers as well as airlines and ground handling agencies.
This document applies to:
a)   self-propelled passenger stairs with seated or standing driver with top speed above 6 km/h (Category A);
b)   towable passenger stairs, with self-propelled function at docking with top speed up to 6 km/h with drive controls from ground, remote control or standing driver position (Category B);
c)   towable stairs, with manual positioning, equipped with powered means, e.g. for height adjustment, stabilizers (Category C);
d)   automatic levelling systems of stairs for embarking/disembarking of passengers.
This document does not apply to stairs to be moved on public roadways.
"Powered" is also understood as manual effort stored in springs or hydraulic accumulators, etc., the dangerous action of which can be produced or can continue after the manual effort has ceased or directly applied manual effort for lifting or lowering loads.
Those clauses of this document that can apply can also be used as a guideline for the design of towable stairs without powered means.
This document does not establish additional requirements for the following:
e)   persons falling out of an aircraft with the passenger stairs not in position;
f)   hazards resulting from a moving stairway (escalator);
g)   aircraft upper deck door access.
No extra requirements on noise and vibration are provided other than those in EN 1915-3:2004+A1:2009 and EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009.
NOTE   EN 1915-3:2004+A1:2009 and EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009 provide the general GSE vibration and noise requirements.
This document is not applicable to passenger stairs which are manufactured before the date of its publication.
This part of EN 12312, when used in conjunction with EN 1915-1:2023, EN 1915-2:2001+A1:2009, EN 1915-3:2004+A1:2009 and EN 1915-4:2004+A1:2009, provides the requirements for passenger stairs.

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This document specifies a chromatographic method for the determination of levoglucosan in aqueous or organic extracts of filter samples collected in accordance with EN 12341:2023 [5]. The method has been tested for concentrations of ca. 10 ng/m3 up to ca. 3 000 ng/m3 with a sampling duration of 24 h. The procedure is also suitable for the determination of galactosan and mannosan.
Depending on the analysis instrumentation used, the carbohydrates inositol, glycerol, threitol/erythritol, xylitol, arabitol, sorbitol, mannitol, threalose, mannose, glucose, galactose and fructose can also be determined. However, no performance characteristics are given for these compounds in this document.

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This document specifies methods for the measurement of energy content and main elements balances of algae from cultivation or from wild growth and algae products to provide biomass, intended for renewable algal raw material used as bioenergy and in bio-based products.
This document also specifies carbon source parameters specific to algae as bio-based and it is applicable to studies covering algae production life cycle assessment (LCA) e.g. algal biomass farming or wild collection.
This document does not apply to methods of algae and algae products sampling, harvesting and pre/postprocessing.
This document does not apply to algae and algae products intended for the food and feed sector.

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This document specifies concepts and principles to establish a methodology for specifying level of information need and information deliveries in a consistent way when using building information modelling (BIM).
This document specifies the characteristics of different levels used for defining the detail and extent of information required to be exchanged and delivered throughout the life cycle of built assets. It gives guidelines for principles required to specify information needs.
The concepts and principles in this document can be applied for a general information exchange and while in progress, for a generally agreed way of information exchange between parties in a collaborative work process, as well as for an appointment with specified information delivery.
This document is applicable to the whole life cycle of any built asset, including strategic planning, initial design, engineering, development, documentation and construction, day-to-day operation, maintenance, refurbishment, repair and end-of-life.

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IEC 60601-2-37:2024 is available as IEC 60601-2-37:2024 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60601-2-37:2024 applies to the BASIC SAFETY and ESSENTIAL PERFORMANCE of ULTRASONIC DIAGNOSTIC EQUIPMENT as defined in 201.3.217, hereinafter referred to as ME EQUIPMENT. If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME EQUIPMENT only, or to ME SYSTEMS only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME EQUIPMENT and to ME SYSTEMS, as relevant. HAZARDS inherent in the intended physiological function of ME EQUIPMENT or ME SYSTEMS within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in 201.7.2.13. This document does not cover ultrasonic therapeutic equipment. Equipment used for the imaging or diagnosis of body structures by ultrasound in conjunction with other medical procedures is covered. IEC 60601-2-37:2024 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007 and Amendment 1:2015. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) technical and editorial changes resulting from the amended general standard IEC 60601 1:2005, IEC 60601-1:2005/AMD1:2012 and IEC 60601-1:2005/AMD2:2020 and its collateral standards IEC 60601-1-xx,
b) technical and editorial changes as a result of maintenance to normative references;
c) technical and editorial changes resulting from relevant developments in TC 87 Ultrasonics standards. In particular, Clause 201.11 about protection against excessive temperatures and other hazards has been fully revised.

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IEC 61788-23:2024 is available as IEC 61788-23:2024 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61788-23:2024 addresses a test method for the determination of the residual resistance ratio (RRR), rRRR, of cavity-grade niobium. This method is intended for high-purity niobium grades with 150 < rRRR < 600. The test method is valid for specimens with rectangular or round cross-section, cross-sectional area greater than 1 mm2 but less than 20 mm2, and a length not less than 10 nor more than 25 times the width or diameter.

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IEC 61340-5-1:2024 applies to organizations that: manufacture, process, assemble, install, package, label, service, test, inspect, transport, or otherwise handle electrical or electronic parts, assemblies and equipment with withstand voltages greater than or equal to 100 V human body model (HBM) and 200 V charge device model (CDM). Also, protection from isolated conductors is addressed by limiting the voltage on isolated conductors to less than 35 V. ESDS with lower withstand voltages can require additional control elements or adjusted limits. Processes designed to handle items that have lower ESD withstand voltage(s) can still claim compliance to this document. This document provides the requirements for an ESD control program. IEC TR 61340-5-2 provides guidance on the implementation of this document. This document does not apply to electrically initiated explosive devices, flammable liquids, gases, and powders. The purpose of this document is to provide the administrative and technical requirements for establishing, implementing, and maintaining an ESD control program (hereinafter referred to as the “program”). This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) definitions have been added to the document; b) updates to product qualification requirements; c) subclause 5.3.3 now includes a reference to groundable static control garment systems; d) Table 2 was replaced; e) subclause 5.3.4.2 was updated to define what an insulator is; f) subclause 5.3.4.3 was updated to include a definition for isolated conductor; g) Table 3 was updated, technical items added, including a reference to IEC 61340-5-4 for compliance verification testing; h) Table 4 was added as a summary of the requirements in IEC 61340-5-3 and to include requirements for compliance verification of packaging; i) Annex A was replaced: the former Annex is no longer required. Annex A are examples of tailoring.

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IEC 61754-13:2024 defines the standard interface dimensions for the type FC-PC family of connectors. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2006. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) revising normative reference reflecting the latest documents; b) addition of intermateability in 5.2; c) changes of dimensions of the plug connector interface in Table 2 and Table 3; d) addition of Grade Am, Bm and Cm in Table 3.

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IEC 62896:2024 applies to hybrid insulators for AC and DC applications greater than 1 000 V AC and 1 500 V DC consisting of a load-bearing insulating solid or hollow core consisting of ceramic or glass, a housing (defined geometry, outside the insulating core) made of polymeric material and end fittings permanently attached to the insulating core. Hybrid insulators covered by this document are intended for use as suspension/tension long rod and cap and pin type insulators, line post insulators, station post insulators and hollow core insulators for apparatus. The object of this document is to: - define the terms used; - prescribe test methods; - prescribe acceptance criteria This document does not include requirements dealing with the choice of insulators for specific operating conditions. This first edition cancels and replaces the IEC TS 62896 published in 2015. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - modifications of terms and definitions; - modifications of tests procedures included in IEC TR 62039 and IEC 62217 (Hydrophobicity transfer test); - harmonization of Table 1 (Tests to be carried out after design and type changes) with other product standards and IEC 62217.

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REN/MSG-TFES-15-3

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  • Standard
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SIGNIFICANCE AND USE
5.1 The determination of the creep rate provides information on the behavior of sandwich constructions under constant applied force. Creep is defined as deflection under constant force over a period of time beyond the initial deformation as a result of the application of the force. Deflection data obtained from this test method can be plotted against time, and a creep rate determined. By using standard specimen constructions and constant loading, the test method may also be used to evaluate creep behavior of sandwich panel core-to-facing adhesives.  
5.2 This test method provides a standard method of obtaining flexure creep of sandwich constructions for quality control, acceptance specification testing, and research and development.  
5.3 Factors that influence the sandwich construction creep response and shall therefore be reported include the following: facing material, core material, adhesive material, methods of material fabrication, facing stacking sequence and overall thickness, core geometry (cell size), core density, core thickness, adhesive thickness, specimen geometry, specimen preparation, specimen conditioning, environment of testing, specimen alignment, loading procedure, speed of testing, facing void content, adhesive void content, and facing volume percent reinforcement. Further, facing and core-to-facing strength and creep response may be different between precured/bonded and co-cured facesheets of the same material.
SCOPE
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the creep characteristics and creep rate of flat sandwich constructions loaded in flexure, at any desired temperature. Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces (such as balsa wood and foams) as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces (such as honeycomb).  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text the inch-pound units are shown in brackets. The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.  
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers three types of aluminum-pigmented asphalt roof coatings suitable for application to roofing or masonry surfaces by brush or spray. Type I is nonfibered, Type II is fibered with asbestos, and Type III is fibered other than asbestos. The coatings shall adhere to chemical requirements such as composition limits for water, nonvolatile matter, metallic aluminum, and insolubility in CS2. They shall also meet physical requirements as to uniformity, consistency, and luminous reflectance.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers asphalt-based, aluminum-pigmented roof coatings suitable for application to roofing or masonry surfaces by brush or spray.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.  
1.3 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 8, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers coated glass mat water-resistant gypsum backing panel designed for use on ceilings and walls in bath and shower areas as a base for the application of ceramic or plastic tile. Coated glass mat water-resistant gypsum backing panel shall consist of a noncombustible water-resistant gypsum core, surfaced with glass mat, partially or completely embedded in the core, and with a water-resistant coating on one surface. The specimens shall be tested for flexural strength, humidified deflection, core hardness, end hardness, edge hardness, nail pull resistance, water resistance, and surface water absorption. Coated glass mat water-resistant gypsum backing panel shall have surfaces true and free of imperfections that render the panel unfit for its designed use.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers coated glass mat water-resistant gypsum backing panel designed for use on ceilings and walls in bath and shower areas as a base for the application of ceramic or plastic tile.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets.  
1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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  • Technical specification
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SIGNIFICANCE AND USE
5.1 The honeycomb tensile-node bond strength is a fundamental property than can be used in determining whether honeycomb cores can be handled during cutting, machining and forming without the nodes breaking. The tensile-node bond strength is the tensile stress that causes failure of the honeycomb by rupture of the bond between the nodes. It is usually a peeling-type failure.  
5.2 This test method provides a standard method of obtaining tensile-node bond strength data for quality control, acceptance specification testing, and research and development.
SCOPE
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the tensile-node bond strength of honeycomb core materials.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.  
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers the properties and requirements for two types of asbestos-free asphalt roof coatings consisting of an asphalt base, volatile petroleum solvents, and mineral or other stabilizers, or both, mixed to a smooth, uniform consistency suitable for application by squeegee, three-knot brush, paint brush, roller, or by spraying. Type I is made from asphalts characterized as self-healing, adhesive, and ductile, while Type II is made from asphalts characterized by high softening point and relatively low ductility. The coatings shall conform to specified composition limits for water, nonvolatile matter, minerals and/or other stabilizers, and bitumen (asphalt). They shall also meet physical requirements as to uniformity, consistency, and pliability and behavior at given temperatures.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers asbestos-free asphalt roof coatings of brushing or spraying consistency.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.  
1.3 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 8, of this specification:  This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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SIGNIFICANCE AND USE
5.1 This test method measures a lubricant's ability to protect hypoid final drive axles from abrasive wear, adhesive wear, plastic deformation, and surface fatigue when subjected to low-speed, high-torque conditions. Lack of protection can lead to premature gear or bearing failure, or both.  
5.2 This test method is used, or referred to, in specifications and classifications of rear-axle gear lubricants such as:  
5.2.1 Specification D7450.  
5.2.2 American Petroleum Institute (API) Publication 1560.  
5.2.3 SAE J308.  
5.2.4 SAE J2360.
SCOPE
1.1 This test method, commonly referred to as the L-37-1 test, describes a test procedure for evaluating the load-carrying capacity, wear performance, and extreme pressure properties of a gear lubricant in a hypoid axle under conditions of low-speed, high-torque operation.3  
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.  
1.2.1 Exceptions—Where there is no direct SI equivalent such as National Pipe threads/diameters, tubing size, or where there is a sole source supply equipment specification.
1.2.1.1 The drawing in Annex A6 is in inch-pound units.  
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are provided in 7.2 and 10.1.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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  • Standard
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ABSTRACT
This specification covers the physical requirements and testing of three types of lap cement for use with asphalt roll roofing. Type I is a brushing consistency lap cement intended for use in the exposed-nailing method of roll roofing application, and contains no mineral or other stabilizers. This type is further divided into two grades, as follows: Grade 1, which is made with an air-blown asphalt; and Grade 2, which is made with a vacuum-reduced or steam-refined asphalt. Both Types II and III, on the other hand, are heavy brushing or light troweling consistency lap cement intended for use in the concealed-nailing method of roll roofing application, only that Type II cement contains a quantity of short-fibered asbestos, while Type III cement contains a quantity of mineral or other stabilizers, or both, but contains no asbestos. The lap cements shall be sampled for testing, and shall adhere to specified values of the following properties: water content; distillation (total distillate at given temperatures); softening point of residue; solubility in trichloroethylene; and strength at indicated age.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers lap cement consisting of asphalt dissolved in a volatile petroleum solvent with or without mineral or other stabilizers, or both, for use with roll roofing. The fibered version of these cements excludes the use of asbestos fibers.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.  
1.3 The following precautionary caveat applies only to the test method portion, Section 6, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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SIGNIFICANCE AND USE
5.1 This test method is useful in characterizing certain petroleum products, as one element in establishing uniformity of shipments and sources of supply.  
5.2 See Guide D117 for applicability to mineral oils used as electrical insulating oils.  
5.3 The Saybolt Furol viscosity is approximately one tenth the Saybolt Universal viscosity, and is recommended for characterization of petroleum products such as fuel oils and other residual materials having Saybolt Universal viscosities greater than 1000 s.  
5.4 Determination of the Saybolt Furol viscosity of bituminous materials at higher temperatures is covered by Test Method E102/E102M.
SCOPE
1.1 This test method covers the empirical procedures for determining the Saybolt Universal or Saybolt Furol viscosities of petroleum products at specified temperatures between 21 and 99 °C [70 and 210 °F]. A special procedure for waxy products is indicated.  
Note 1: Test Methods D445 and D2170/D2170M are preferred for the determination of kinematic viscosity. They require smaller samples and less time, and provide greater accuracy. Kinematic viscosities may be converted to Saybolt viscosities by use of the tables in Practice D2161. It is recommended that viscosity indexes be calculated from kinematic rather than Saybolt viscosities.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.  
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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SIGNIFICANCE AND USE
5.1 Motor O.N. correlates with commercial automotive spark-ignition engine antiknock performance under severe conditions of operation.  
5.2 Motor O.N. is used by engine manufacturers, petroleum refiners and marketers, and in commerce as a primary specification measurement related to the matching of fuels and engines.  
5.2.1 Empirical correlations that permit calculation of automotive antiknock performance are based on the general equation:
Values of k1, k2, and k3 vary with vehicles and vehicle populations and are based on road-octane number determinations.  
5.2.2 Motor O.N., in conjunction with Research O.N., defines the antiknock index of automotive spark-ignition engine fuels, in accordance with Specification D4814. The antiknock index of a fuel approximates the road octane ratings for many vehicles, is posted on retail dispensing pumps in the United States, and is referred to in vehicle manuals.
This is more commonly presented as:
5.3 Motor O.N. is used for measuring the antiknock performance of spark-ignition engine fuels that contain oxygenates.  
5.4 Motor O.N. is important in relation to the specifications for spark-ignition engine fuels used in stationary and other nonautomotive engine applications.  
5.5 Motor O.N. is utilized to determine, by correlation equation, the Aviation method O.N. or performance number (lean-mixture aviation rating) of aviation spark-ignition engine fuel.7
SCOPE
1.1 This laboratory test method covers the quantitative determination of the knock rating of liquid spark-ignition engine fuel in terms of Motor octane number, including fuels that contain up to 25 % v/v of ethanol. However, this test method may not be applicable to fuel and fuel components that are primarily oxygenates.2 The sample fuel is tested in a standardized single cylinder, four-stroke cycle, variable compression ratio, carbureted, CFR engine run in accordance with a defined set of operating conditions. The octane number scale is defined by the volumetric composition of primary reference fuel blends. The sample fuel knock intensity is compared to that of one or more primary reference fuel blends. The octane number of the primary reference fuel blend that matches the knock intensity of the sample fuel establishes the Motor octane number.  
1.2 The octane number scale covers the range from 0 to 120 octane number, but this test method has a working range from 40 to 120 octane number. Typical commercial fuels produced for automotive spark-ignition engines rate in the 80 to 90 Motor octane number range. Typical commercial fuels produced for aviation spark-ignition engines rate in the 98 to 102 Motor octane number range. Testing of gasoline blend stocks or other process stream materials can produce ratings at various levels throughout the Motor octane number range.  
1.3 The values of operating conditions are stated in SI units and are considered standard. The values in parentheses are the historical inch-pounds units. The standardized CFR engine measurements continue to be in inch-pound units only because of the extensive and expensive tooling that has been created for this equipment.  
1.4 For purposes of determining conformance with all specified limits in this standard, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded “to the nearest unit” in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specified limit, in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29.  
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For more specific hazard statements, see Section 8, 14.4.1, 15.5.1, 16.6.1, Annex A1, A2.2.3.1, A2.2.3.3(6) and (9), A2.3.5, X3.3.7, X4.2.3.1, X4.3.4.1, X4.3.9.3, X4.3.12.4, and X4.5.1.8. ...

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  • Standard
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ABSTRACT
This specification establishes the manufacture, testing, and performance requirements of two types of asphalt-based emulsions for use in a relatively thick film as a protective coating for metal surfaces. Type I are quick-setting emulsified asphalt suitable for continuous exposure to water within a few days after application and drying. Type II, on the other hand, are emulsified asphalt suitable for continuous exposure to the weather, only after application and drying. Upon being sampled appropriately, the materials shall conform to composition requirements as to density, residue by evaporation, nonvolatile matter soluble in trichloroethylene, and ash and water content. They shall also adhere to performance requirements as to uniformity, consistency, stability, wet flow, firm set, heat test, flexibility, resistance to water, and loss of adhesion.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers emulsified asphalt suitable for application in a relatively thick film as a protective coating for metal surfaces.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.  
1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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IEC 60598-2-20:2022 is available as IEC 60598-2-20:2022 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60598-2-20:2022 specifies requirements for lighting chains fitted with series, parallel or a combination of series/parallel connected light sources for use either indoors or outdoors on supply voltages not exceeding 250 V. This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2014. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - specific provisions for temporarily installed protected lighting (TPL) chains have been added; - new terms and definitions have been added.

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This document specifies the requirements for hexavalent chromium free anodizing of aluminium and aluminium alloys for corrosion protection, bonding and painting.
This document does not apply to hard anodizing and plasma electrolytic anodizing (micro-arc oxidation).
The purpose of this document is to give design, quality and manufacturing requirements. It does not give complete in-house process instructions; these are given in the processor's detailed process instructions.

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DEN/ERM-TGAERO-31-2

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  • Standard
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  • Standard
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