Latest Standards, Engineering Specifications, Manuals and Technical Publications

Collection of latest documents from ISO, IEC, CEN, CENELEC, ETSI, and SIST.

This European Standard specifies requirements, testing, marking and manufacturer’s instructions and information for sit harnesses to be used in restraint, work positioning and rope access systems, where a low point of attachment is required. Sit harnesses are not suitable to be used for fall arrest purposes.

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This European standard specifies a method for the differentiated determination of the organic carbon content (TOC400) which is released at temperatures up to 400 °C, the residual oxidizable carbon (ROC) (including e.g. lignite (brown coal), hard coal, charcoal, black carbon, soot) and the inorganic carbon (TIC900) which is released at temperatures up to 900 °C.
The basis is the dry combustion to CO2 in a in the presence of oxygen using using temperatures ranging from 150°C to 900 °C in dry solid samples of soil, soil with anthropogenic admixtures and solid waste (see Table 1) with carbon contents of more than 1 g per kg (0,1 % C) (per carbon type in the test portion).

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This European Standard describes a method for determining the solids content and the evaporation behaviour of volatiles of primers for cold and hot applied joint sealants.

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This document describes a method for determining the flow resistance of hot applied joint sealants.

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This document specifies a volumetric method for the determination of silver on a material considered homogeneous. The silver content of the sample lies preferably between (100 and 999,0) parts per thousand (‰) by mass. Fineness above 999,0 ‰ can be determined using a spectroscopy method by difference (e.g. ISO 15096).
This method is intended to be used as the reference method for the determination of fineness in alloys covered by ISO 9202.

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ISO 4641:2016 specifies the minimum requirements for textile-reinforced, smooth-bore rubber water-suction and discharge hoses and hose assemblies.
Three types of hoses and hose assemblies are specified according to their operating duty requirements, i.e. their ambient and water temperature ranges:
- ambient temperatures: −25 °C to +70 °C;
- water temperatures during operation: 0 °C to +70 °C.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the bond stress of dowels in concrete pavements.

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This European Standard describes a method for determining the homogeneity of primers for cold and hot applied joint sealants.

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This European Standard describes a method for determining the resistance against alkali of primers for cold and hot applied joint sealants.

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Meaningful measurements that lead to timely learning, corrective actions and improvements are key to support the management of innovation activities in an organization to ensure its survival and beneficial evolution (i.e. enhanced competitiveness for businesses and/or enhanced effectiveness and relevance for public-oriented organizations).
This proposed Tools and Methods standard is complementary to the ISO56002 Innovation Management System standard. It will provide guidance for the definition, implementation, evaluation and further improvement of the measurements necessary to manage effectively innovation operations in an organization.
Specifically, this standard will guide:
- The planning for the alignment of innovation measurements to the organization’s strategy, operational objectives and innovation management system;
- The selection of indicators to measure the progress of innovation activities and performance of the innovation portfolio.
- The design of ways to measure each indicator (via quantitative or qualitative metrics) in a clear and actionable way;
- The choice of frequency and expected performance targets for innovation measurements;
- The provision of necessary support to undertake innovation measurements efficiently and manage their evolution: funding, people, infrastructure, legal aspects, documentation and communications;
- The evaluation of measurement results, taking corrective action, learning and communicating;
- The review and update of the organization’s innovation measurements in terms of effectiveness in achieving intended innovation results and minimizing risks.
The guidelines to innovation measurements provided by this standard will be useful for all types of organizations (irrespective of sector and size) and all types of innovations (independent of time horizons).
This standard provides guidance at a general level. While it gives some examples of measurements in use, it does not prescribe any specific tools, methods for innovation measurements or metrics.

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This document establishes a uniform method of laboratory testing for the determination of airflow propelled through an open personnel door by a positive pressure ventilator. NOTE The test described by this document is not entirely in accordance with ISO 5801, though it references several subclauses of ISO 5801 (such as the measurement of pressure and airflow). This document does not specify a testing procedure for the design, production or field test of any PPV, nor is it the purpose for this document to serve as a manual for the construction, validation or calibration of the test facility. This document does not apply to any item of equipment designed or intended for applications other than positive pressure ventilation.

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This document specifies the requirements for the determination of the power of electric marine propulsion systems when presented for documenting and checking of the declared (rated) power published by the manufacturer. This document is applicable to electric systems used for propulsion of recreational craft and other small craft of up to 24 m of hull length.

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This document establishes uniform requirements and test procedures for lowering control devices fitted on the boom, intermediate boom and arm cylinders of hydraulic excavators and backhoe loaders to control the rate of drop in the case of a hydraulic line failure or rupture. It is applicable to the lowering control devices of hydraulic excavators and the backhoe equipment of backhoe loaders used for object handling which are equipped with the standard linkage as defined by the manufacturer. On machines where alternative linkage combinations are offered, only the standard length defined by the manufacturer is subject to testing.

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This document specifies requirements for surface preparation, materials, application, inspection and testing of internal coating lining systems that are intended to be applied on internal surfaces of steel storage tanks of crude oil, hydrocarbons and water for corrosion protection. It covers both new construction and maintenance works of tank internal coating and lining as well as the repair of defective and deteriorated coating/lining. This document also provides requirements for shop performance testing of the coated/lined samples and the criteria for their approval.

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This document establishes the specifications relative to family C (gears) for lubricants, industrial oils and related products of class L (see ISO 6743-6). This document deals only with lubricants for enclosed gear systems. Lubricants for open gears and greases for gears (enclosed or open) are covered by the other parts of the ISO 12925 series (i.e. ISO 12925-2 and ISO 12925-3). This document is intended to be read in conjunction with ISO 6743-6. The following categories specified in ISO 6743-6 are covered by this document: CKB, CKC, CKD, CKE, CKSMP, CKTG, CKES, CKPG, CKPR, CSPG, CSPR, CTPG and CTPR. Detailed information about the different types of gear, and lubricants, and their selection for gearbox design and service conditions can be found in ISO/TR 18792.

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This document is part of the ISO 11890 series, dealing with the sampling and testing of coating materials and their raw materials. This document is applicable to the determination of volatile organic compound (VOC) content in the following cases: — case 1: where there are single-pack coating materials other than case 3, and the expected VOC content is greater than a mass fraction of 5 %, including single-pack coating materials cure not through chemical reactions and single-pack coating materials which cannot be measured by ISO 11890-2 due to chemical cure reactions or gas chromatography temperatures leading to formation of new compounds that would not appear under normal cure conditions and impacts VOC/SVOC calculation.; — case 2: where there are multi-pack coating materials other than case 3 and the expected VOC content is greater than a mass fraction of 1 %; — case 3: where there are radiation curable coating materials, and the expected VOC content is greater than a mass fraction of 5 %. Radiation curable coating materials in this document include coating materials that are cured by UV, electron beam, and other radiation methods. If the system of the first case contains SVOC, but do not cure through chemical reactions, the VOC result can be influenced by SVOC, see Annex C. In this case, ISO 11890-2 is preferred. ISO 11890-1 cannot be used for the determination of the SVOC content. In water-borne coating materials, that do not cure through chemical reactions, if the water content is much greater than VOC content and VOC content is less than a mass fraction of 10 %, ISO 11890-2 is preferred. For all three cases, the main purpose measured is VOC. However, clarify that this VOC content can also contain SVOC. The real VOC content can be lower than the VOC content measured by ISO 11890-1. The method specified in this document assumes that the volatile matter is either water or organic. However, it is possible that other volatile inorganic compounds are present which can require another suitable method for quantification, which is thus allowed for in the calculations. The method defined in this document is not applicable for determination of water content.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for rubber hoses and hose assemblies for use in oil burners. The following two types of hose assembly are specified: — Type 1: Hose assemblies for flux and reflux, but not for insertion between the oil burner pump and the atomizing connection; maximum working pressure 1,0 MPa (10 bar); maximum oil temperature 100 °C; — Type 2: Hose assemblies for insertion between the oil burner pump and the atomizing connection; maximum working pressure 4,0 MPa (40 bar); maximum oil temperature 100 °C. The hose assemblies specified in this document are not intended to be used, without special assessment, for purposes other than oil burner installations.

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This document provides general considerations to support the design guidance to geotechnical and civil engineers involved in the design of structures in which a geotextile is used to fulfil the function of an asphalt interlayer. The key potential failure mechanisms and design aspects to be considered are described, and guidance is proposed to select engineering properties. The state of the art is however limited and does not commend any particular design method. This document can be used as a basis for further research on, for example, system selection, design, performance testing, creation of local guidelines.

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This document specifies the dimensions of hexagonal head bolts, with MJ threads, metallic, coated or uncoated. It is applicable to test bolts for torque and tension tests.

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This document specifies an analytical method for the electrochemical measurement of pure plutonium nitrate solutions of nuclear grade, with an expanded uncertainty not exceeding ±0,2 % at the confidence level of 0,95 for a single determination (coverage factor, k = 2). The method is applicable for aqueous solutions containing plutonium at more than 0,5 g/l and test samples containing plutonium between 4 mg and 15 mg. Application of this technique to solutions containing plutonium at less than 0,5 g/l and test samples containing plutonium at less than 4 mg requires experimental demonstration by the user that applicable data quality objectives will be met.

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IEC 63203-301-1:2024 specifies procedures and definitions for the test method of electrochromic films for wearable equipment. This document deals with the colour changing range in visible light and the electrochromic properties of transmittance, response time and evaluation method of long-term stability. This document excludes applications of electrochromic films to displays.

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IEC 60966-2-1:2024 is a sectional specification that relates to flexible RF coaxial cable assemblies operating in the transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM). It establishes uniform requirements for testing the electrical, mechanical and climatic properties of flexible cable assemblies composed of flexible RF coaxial cables and RF coaxial connectors. This part of IEC 60966 applies to flexible cable assemblies composed of flexible RF coaxial cables and coaxial connectors. Flexible RF cable assemblies are widely used in mobile communication systems, microwave test equipment, radar, aerospace and other fields. NOTE 1 For the purposes of this sectional specification, a cable assembly is always regarded as an integral unit. All specifications apply to the finished assembly and not to individual and non-assembled parts thereof. NOTE 2 This sectional specification can be supplemented with detail specifications giving additional details as required by the particular application. This application will not necessarily require all tests.

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IEC 60146-1-1:2024 specifies the requirements for the performance of all semiconductor power converters and semiconductor power switches using controllable and/or non-controllable electronic valve devices. It is primarily intended to specify the basic requirements for converters in general and the requirements applicable to line commutated converters for conversion of AC power to DC power or vice versa. Parts of this document are also applicable to other types of electronic power converter provided that they do not have their own product standards. This fifth edition introduces four main changes: a) re-edition of the whole standard according to the current directives; b) deletion of safety-related descriptions considering coordination with IEC 62477 series; c) changes of calculation methods of inductive voltage regulation; d) changes considering coordination with IEC 61378 series.

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This document specifies the requirements for general-purpose textile-reinforced thermoplastics water-discharge hoses.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers coal tar primer suitable for use with coal tar pitch in roofing, dampproofing, and waterproofing below or above ground level, for application to concrete, masonry, and coal tar surfaces. Different tests shall be conducted in order to determine the following physical properties of coal tar primer: water content, consistency, specific gravity, matter insoluble in benzene, distillation, and coke residue content.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers coal tar primer suitable for use with coal tar pitch in roofing, dampproofing, and waterproofing below or above ground level, for application to concrete, masonry, and coal tar surfaces.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.  
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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SIGNIFICANCE AND USE
4.1 This practice shall be used when ultrasonic inspection is required by the order or specification for inspection purposes where the acceptance of the forging is based on limitations of the number, amplitude, or location of discontinuities, or a combination thereof, which give rise to ultrasonic indications.  
4.2 The acceptance criteria shall be clearly stated as order requirements.
SCOPE
1.1 This practice for ultrasonic examination covers turbine and generator steel rotor forgings covered by Specifications A469/A469M, A470/A470M, A768/A768M, and A940/A940M. This practice shall be used for contact testing only.  
1.2 This practice describes a basic procedure of ultrasonically inspecting turbine and generator rotor forgings. It does not restrict the use of other ultrasonic methods such as reference block calibrations when required by the applicable procurement documents nor is it intended to restrict the use of new and improved ultrasonic test equipment and methods as they are developed.  
1.3 This practice is intended to provide a means of inspecting cylindrical forgings so that the inspection sensitivity at the forging center line or bore surface is constant, independent of the forging or bore diameter. To this end, inspection sensitivity multiplication factors have been computed from theoretical analysis, with experimental verification. These are plotted in Fig. 1 (bored rotors) and Fig. 2 (solid rotors), for a true inspection frequency of 2.25 MHz, and an acoustic velocity of 2.30 in./s × 105 in./s [5.85 cm/s × 105 cm/s]. Means of converting to other sensitivity levels are provided in Fig. 3. (Sensitivity multiplication factors for other frequencies may be derived in accordance with X1.1 and X1.2 of Appendix X1.)  
FIG. 1 Bored Forgings
Note 1: Sensitivity multiplication factor such that a 10 % indication at the forging bore surface will be equivalent to a 1/8 in. [3 mm] diameter flat bottom hole. Inspection frequency: 2.0 MHz or 2.25 MHz. Material velocity: 2.30 in./s × 105 in./s [5.85 cm/s × 105 cm/s].
FIG. 2 Solid Forgings
Note 1: Sensitivity multiplication factor such that a 10 % indication at the forging centerline surface will be equivalent to a 1/8 in. [3 mm] diameter flat bottom hole. Inspection frequency: 2.0 MHz or 2.25 MHz. Material velocity: 2.30 in./s × 105 in./s [5.85 cm/s × 105 cm/s].
FIG. 3 Conversion Factors to Be Used in Conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 if a Change in the Reference Reflector Diameter is Required
1.4 Considerable verification data for this method have been generated which indicate that even under controlled conditions very significant uncertainties may exist in estimating natural discontinuities in terms of minimum equivalent size flat-bottom holes. The possibility exists that the estimated minimum areas of natural discontinuities in terms of minimum areas of the comparison flat-bottom holes may differ by 20 dB (factor of 10) in terms of actual areas of natural discontinuities. This magnitude of inaccuracy does not apply to all results but should be recognized as a possibility. Rigid control of the actual frequency used, the coil bandpass width if tuned instruments are used, and so forth, tend to reduce the overall inaccuracy which is apt to develop.  
1.5 This practice for inspection applies to solid cylindrical forgings having outer diameters of not less than 2.5 in. [64 mm] nor greater than 100 in. [2540 mm]. It also applies to cylindrical forgings with concentric cylindrical bores having wall thicknesses of 2.5 [64 mm] in. or greater, within the same outer diameter limits as for solid cylinders. For solid sections less than 15 in. [380 mm] in diameter and for bored cylinders of less than 7.5 in. [190 mm] wall thickness the transducer used for the inspection will be different than the transducer used for larger sections.  
1.6 Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided for use at the option of the...

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ABSTRACT
This specification establishes the manufacture, testing, and performance requirements of two types of asphalt-based emulsions for use in a relatively thick film as a protective coating for metal surfaces. Type I are quick-setting emulsified asphalt suitable for continuous exposure to water within a few days after application and drying. Type II, on the other hand, are emulsified asphalt suitable for continuous exposure to the weather, only after application and drying. Upon being sampled appropriately, the materials shall conform to composition requirements as to density, residue by evaporation, nonvolatile matter soluble in trichloroethylene, and ash and water content. They shall also adhere to performance requirements as to uniformity, consistency, stability, wet flow, firm set, heat test, flexibility, resistance to water, and loss of adhesion.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers emulsified asphalt suitable for application in a relatively thick film as a protective coating for metal surfaces.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.  
1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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ABSTRACT
This test method deals with the acceptance criteria for the magnetic particle examination of forged steel crankshafts and forgings having large main bearing journal or crankpin diameters. Covered here are three classes of forgings, which shall be evaluated under two areas of inspection, namely: major critical areas, and minor critical areas. During inspection, magnetic particle indications shall be classified as: surface indications, which include nonmetallic inclusions or stringers, open or twist cracks, flakes, or pipes; open or pinpoint indications; and non-open indications. Procedures for dimpling, depressing, inspection, and product marking are also mentioned.
SCOPE
1.1 This is an acceptance specification for the magnetic particle inspection of forged steel crankshafts having main bearing journals or crankpins 4 in. [200 mm] or larger in diameter.  
1.2 There are three classes, with acceptance standards of increasing severity:  
1.2.1 Class 1.  
1.2.2 Class 2 (originally the sole acceptance standard of this specification).  
1.2.3 Class 3 (formerly covered in Supplementary Requirement S1 of Specification A456 – 64 (1970)).  
1.3 This specification is not intended to cover continuous grain flow crankshafts (see Specification A983/A983M); however, Specification A986/A986M may be used for this purpose.
Note 1: Specification A668/A668M is a product specification which may be used for slab-forged crankshaft forgings that are usually twisted in order to set the crankpin angles, or for barrel forged crankshafts where the crankpins are machined in the appropriate configuration from a cylindrical forging.  
1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.  
1.5 Unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch units.  
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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SIGNIFICANCE AND USE
5.1 This test method is useful in characterizing certain petroleum products, as one element in establishing uniformity of shipments and sources of supply.  
5.2 See Guide D117 for applicability to mineral oils used as electrical insulating oils.  
5.3 The Saybolt Furol viscosity is approximately one tenth the Saybolt Universal viscosity, and is recommended for characterization of petroleum products such as fuel oils and other residual materials having Saybolt Universal viscosities greater than 1000 s.  
5.4 Determination of the Saybolt Furol viscosity of bituminous materials at higher temperatures is covered by Test Method E102/E102M.
SCOPE
1.1 This test method covers the empirical procedures for determining the Saybolt Universal or Saybolt Furol viscosities of petroleum products at specified temperatures between 21 and 99 °C [70 and 210 °F]. A special procedure for waxy products is indicated.  
Note 1: Test Methods D445 and D2170/D2170M are preferred for the determination of kinematic viscosity. They require smaller samples and less time, and provide greater accuracy. Kinematic viscosities may be converted to Saybolt viscosities by use of the tables in Practice D2161. It is recommended that viscosity indexes be calculated from kinematic rather than Saybolt viscosities.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.  
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers three types of aluminum-pigmented asphalt roof coatings suitable for application to roofing or masonry surfaces by brush or spray. Type I is nonfibered, Type II is fibered with asbestos, and Type III is fibered other than asbestos. The coatings shall adhere to chemical requirements such as composition limits for water, nonvolatile matter, metallic aluminum, and insolubility in CS2. They shall also meet physical requirements as to uniformity, consistency, and luminous reflectance.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers asphalt-based, aluminum-pigmented roof coatings suitable for application to roofing or masonry surfaces by brush or spray.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.  
1.3 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 8, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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This document specifies terminology, classification, requirements and test methods for portable suction equipment primarily intended to be used by dental professionals in non-permanent healthcare environments.
This document applies to portable suction equipment incorporated in a portable dental unit and free-standing portable suction equipment.
The requirements in this document focus on portability.
This document specifies requirements for information to be supplied by the manufacturer on the performance, operation and maintenance of portable suction equipment designed and constructed to be transported for use in non-permanent healthcare environments. This document also specifies requirements for the instructions to be supplied by the manufacturer on assembling, disassembling and packing for human transport between non-permanent healthcare environments.
This document does not apply to stationary dental equipment, wearable equipment (such as headlamps and loupes), mobile dental equipment or portable dental equipment that is not intended to be used in non-permanent healthcare environments or not designed to be disassembled, folded or packed for human transport between non-permanent healthcare environments. Also, requirements for stationary dental equipment that can be installed in a dental mobile medical facility (e.g. vehicular or containerized mobile dental clinic) are not considered in this document.
This document specifies requirements for portable suction equipment used to provide reduced pressure and flow at the cannula connector.
This document does not apply to portable suction equipment used for life support or for scavenging halogenated anaesthetic gases.

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This document specifies the compositional ranges of a series of filler metals used for brazing. The filler metals are divided into seven classes, related to their composition but not necessarily to the major element present.
NOTE 1        For the major element(s) present, see Annex A.
In the case of composite products, such as flux-coated rods, pastes or plastics tapes, this document covers only the filler metal that forms parts of such products. The melting temperatures given in the tables are only approximate, as they necessarily vary within the compositional range of the filler metal. Therefore, they are given only for information. Technical delivery conditions are given for brazing filler metals and products containing brazing filler metals with other constituents such as flux and/or binders.
NOTE 2        For some applications, such as precious metal jewellery, aerospace and dental, filler metals other than those included in this document are often used. These are covered by other International Standards to which reference can be made.

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This document specifies requirements for earthquake protection of automatic sprinkler systems in accordance with EN 12845:2015+A1:2019.
This document applies only to locations in earthquake zones in accordance with EN 1998-1:2004, 3.2.1 and the Nationally Determined Parameters.
NOTE   The requirements in this document are based on the principle that certain peak ground acceleration values are considered as an earthquake which require special means. Attention is drawn to EN 1998-1:2004, where a peak ground acceleration above 0,08 g (0,78 m/s2) is considered an earthquake risk. Additional characteristics, NDP and/or NCI can exist in some countries as well as national annexes.
The principles defined in this document can be applicable to other water based fixed manual or automatic fire fighting systems, according to local requirements.

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This document provides guidance for the definition, implementation, evaluation, and improvement of the measurements necessary to effectively manage innovation activities in an organization. It establishes the fundamentals of innovation operation measurements and guides their application towards four areas:
—     measurements for establishing and launching innovation initiatives;
—     measurements for innovation processes;
—     measurements for innovation initiatives;
—     measurements of innovation portfolios.
This document is applicable to:
—     organizations that are seeking to define and implement an innovation operations measurement approach;
—     organizations and interested parties seeking to improve the areas of accountability, transparency, and evidence-based assessment of innovation operations;
—     customers, investors, and other interested parties, seeking confidence in the organization’s innovation operations management and its results;
—     providers of training in innovation operations and measurements, including assessment of and consultancy for achieving results;
—     experts in innovation operations evaluation and impact assessment, favoring the use of a harmonized international guidance standard;
—     innovation policy makers and program managers who are looking to obtain evidence of progress and desired outcomes of innovation activities supported through public policies and programs.
All of the guidance provided within this document is generic and intended to be applicable to:
—     all types of organizations regardless of sector or size, whether they be private, public, not-for-profit, governmental or societal;
—     all types of innovations (e.g. product, service, process, model, and method) ranging from incremental to radical;
—     all types of time horizons, from short-term to long-term evaluation and measurement.

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This document specifies the determination of phytase activity in feeding stuff samples, including feed raw materials from plant origin, compound feeds (complete, complementary, mineral feeds), premixtures and feed additives.
The method is applicable to, and is collaboratively validated for, the determination of phytase activity in complete feed, complementary feed including mineral feed, premixtures and feed additives.
The method does not distinguish between phytase added as a feed additive and endogenous phytase already present in the feed materials. Therefore, the method is also applicable for feed materials from plant origin.
The method does not apply to evaluating or comparing the in vivo efficacy of the phytase product. It is not a predictive method of the in vivo efficacy of phytases present on the market as they can develop different in vivo efficacy per unit of activity.

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This document specifies a method for determining the particle density of compressed fuels such as pellets or briquettes. Particle density is not an absolute value and conditions for its determination have to be standardized to enable comparative determinations to be made.

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This document provides requirements for the development, validation and routine control of moist heat sterilization processes for medical devices. It also contains guidance which is intended to explain the requirements set forth in the normative sections. The guidance given is intended to promote good practice related to moist heat sterilization processes according to this document. The application within industrial and health care settings is considered.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for textile-reinforced, smooth-bore rubber water-suction and discharge hoses and hose assemblies.
Three types of hoses and hose assemblies are specified according to their operating duty requirements, i.e. their ambient and water temperature ranges:
—     ambient temperatures: −25 °C to +70 °C;
—     water temperatures during operation: 0 °C to +70 °C.

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This document gives a list of FTSC (fire potential, i.e. “oxidizing power and flammability”, toxicity, state of the gas, and corrosiveness) codes determined according to the relevant properties of gases and of some liquids that are transported under pressure.
It does not cover material compatibility with gases which is covered by the ISO 11114 series.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers emulsified asphalt suitable for use as a protective coating for built-up roofs and other exposed surfaces with specified inclines. The emulsified asphalts are grouped into three types, as follows: Type I, which contains fillers or fibers including asbestos; Type II, which contains fillers or fibers other than asbestos; and Type III, which do not contain any form of fibrous reinforcement. These types are further subdivided into two classes, as follows: Class 1, which is prepared with mineral colloid emulsifying agents; and Class 2, which is prepared with chemical emulsifying agents. Other than consistency and homogeneity of the final products, they shall also conform to specified physical property requirements such as weight, residue by evaporation, ash content of residue, water content flammability, firm set, flexibility, resistance to water, and behavior during heat and direct flame tests.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers emulsified asphalt suitable for use as a protective coating for built-up roofs and other exposed surfaces with inclines of not less than 4 % or 42 mm/m [1/2 in./ft].  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.  
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers the physical requirements and testing of three types of lap cement for use with asphalt roll roofing. Type I is a brushing consistency lap cement intended for use in the exposed-nailing method of roll roofing application, and contains no mineral or other stabilizers. This type is further divided into two grades, as follows: Grade 1, which is made with an air-blown asphalt; and Grade 2, which is made with a vacuum-reduced or steam-refined asphalt. Both Types II and III, on the other hand, are heavy brushing or light troweling consistency lap cement intended for use in the concealed-nailing method of roll roofing application, only that Type II cement contains a quantity of short-fibered asbestos, while Type III cement contains a quantity of mineral or other stabilizers, or both, but contains no asbestos. The lap cements shall be sampled for testing, and shall adhere to specified values of the following properties: water content; distillation (total distillate at given temperatures); softening point of residue; solubility in trichloroethylene; and strength at indicated age.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers lap cement consisting of asphalt dissolved in a volatile petroleum solvent with or without mineral or other stabilizers, or both, for use with roll roofing. The fibered version of these cements excludes the use of asbestos fibers.  
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.  
1.3 The following precautionary caveat applies only to the test method portion, Section 6, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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IEC 63267-2-2:2024 defines the dimensional limits of an optical interface for reference connections necessary to meet specific requirements for fibre-to-fibre interconnection of non-angled and angled polished multimode reference connectors intended to be used for attenuation measurements in the field or factory. Several grades of reference connections are defined in this document. The multimode reference connections are terminated to restricted IEC 60793-2-10 A1-OM2b to A1-OM5b fibre at the 850 nm band only. The geometrical dimensions and tolerances of the specified reference connections have been developed primarily to limit the variation in measured attenuation between multiple sets of two reference connectors, and therefore to limit the variation in measured attenuation between randomly chosen reference connectors when mated with connectors in the field or factory.

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IEC 63267-2-1:2024 defines a set of specified conditions for an enhanced macro bend of 50/125 µm, graded index multimode fibre optic connection that is maintained in order to satisfy the requirements of attenuation and return loss performance in a randomly mated pair of polished physically contacting (PC) fibres. An encircled flux (EF) compliant launch condition in accordance with IEC 61300-1, at an operational wavelength of 850 nm, is used for determination of performance grades, based on lateral fibre core offset, numerical aperture (NA) mismatch, and fibre core diameter (CD) variation. Fibre core angular offset is considered insignificant given the state-of-the-art and is excluded as a factor for attenuation estimation. Attenuation and return loss performance grades are defined in IEC 63267-1.

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IEC 60966-4:2024 is a sectional specification that relates to semi-rigid coaxial cable assemblies operating in the transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM). It specifies the design and construction, IEC type designation, workmanship, marking and packaging, standard rating and characteristics, electrical, mechanical and environmental requirements of finished semi-rigid cable assemblies, quality assessment, delivery and storage, etc. This part of IEC 60966 applies to semi-rigid cable assemblies composed of semi-rigid coaxial cables and coaxial connectors. Semi-rigid cable assemblies are widely used in mobile communication systems, microwave test equipment, radar, aerospace and other fields. NOTE 1 For the purpose of this sectional specification, a cable assembly is always regarded as an integral unit. All specifications apply to the finished assembly and not to individual and non-assembled parts thereof. NOTE 2 This sectional specification can be supplemented with detail specifications giving additional details as required by the particular application. This application will not necessarily require all tests.

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2022-02-21: This prAA covers common mods to prEN IEC 62368-1 - PR=74334

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Contains requirements concerning basic safety and essential performance that are generally applicable to medical electrical equipment. For certain types of medical electrical equipment, these requirements are either supplemented or modified by the special requirements of a collateral or particular standard. Where particular standards exist, this standard should not be used alone. The contents of the corrigenda of December 2006, of July 2007, the interpretation sheet 1 of April 2008, the interpretation sheet 2 of January 2009 and the interpretation sheet 2 of May 2013 have been included in this copy.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers the material, dimensional and mechanical property requirements for plain and deformed steel wire and welded wire reinforcements produced from hot-rolled rods that are to be used for the reinforcement of concrete. Tension test procedures are detailed for each type of wire reinforcement to examine their adherence to specified tensile strength, yield strength, and reduction of area requirements.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification covers carbon-steel wire and welded wire reinforcement produced from hot-rolled rod to be used for the reinforcement of concrete. The steel wire is cold-worked, drawn or rolled, plain (non-deformed, as-drawn or galvanized), or deformed. Welded wire reinforcement is made from plain or deformed wire, or a combination of plain and deformed wire. Common wire sizes and dimensions are given in Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, and Table 4. Actual wire sizes are not restricted to those shown in the tables.    
Note 1: Welded wire for concrete reinforcement has historically been described by various terms: welded wire fabric, WWF, fabric, and mesh. The wire reinforcement industry has adopted the term welded wire reinforcement (WWR) as being more representative of the applications of the products being manufactured. Therefore, the term welded wire fabric has been replaced with the term welded wire reinforcement in this specification and in related specifications.  
1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text the SI units are shown in brackets (except in Table 2 and Table 4). The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with this specification.  
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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ABSTRACT
This specification covers permanent metal railing systems (such as guard, stair, and ramp-rail systems) and rails (such as hand, wall, grab, and transfer rails) for use in agricultural, assembly, commercial, educational, industrial, institutional, recreational, and residential buildings. Also covered in this specification are basic design requirements and considerations, and minimum criteria for load and deflections; however, it does not cover design criteria for specific field conditions. Railing systems and rails shall be manufactured with major structural components made of metal and secondary components made of metal, wood, plastics, or glass, and shall withstand forces that may potentially be exerted by building users. Tests for static loading and deflection shall be performed and shall conform to the requirements specified.
SIGNIFICANCE AND USE
5.1 Metal railing systems and rails for buildings usually are designed, manufactured, and installed to withstand forces potentially exerted by the building users.  
5.2 The metal railing systems and rails shall not be considered a part of the structural system of the building unless this is expressly provided for in the design.
SCOPE
1.1 This specification2 covers permanent metal railing systems (guard, stair, and ramp-rail systems) and rails (hand, wall, grab, and transfer rails) installed in and for agricultural, assembly, commercial, educational, industrial, institutional, recreational, and residential buildings. However, this standard does not cover metal railing systems installed in and for industrial, commercial, and other non-residential workplace occupancies where normally only adults will be present or have access, and for which guardrail or handrail requirements are specified by occupational safety and health safety regulations and standards. This standard does not cover ballasted railing systems.  
1.2 This specification is intended to be applied to permanent metal railing systems for buildings and to such railing systems and rails having major structural components made of metal, with their secondary components made of metal or other materials such as wood, plastics, and glass.  
1.3 This specification considers that today's and tomorrow's overall outlook is based on the health and safety of all potential users of buildings. The criteria incorporated in this specification provide for normal and anticipated building uses, but not for abuses for which the building and its components are not designed.  
1.4 This specification establishes basic minimum requirements and criteria that lead to satisfactory products under normal use conditions and does not give consideration to design criteria for specific field conditions, the establishment of which is the prerogative and responsibility of the designer, specification writer, and code agencies.  
1.5 Sources of supportive information are listed in the Reference section (1-28).3  
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.  
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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IEC 63267-2-1:2024 defines a set of specified conditions for an enhanced macro bend of 50/125 µm, graded index multimode fibre optic connection that is maintained in order to satisfy the requirements of attenuation and return loss performance in a randomly mated pair of polished physically contacting (PC) fibres.
An encircled flux (EF) compliant launch condition in accordance with IEC 61300-1, at an operational wavelength of 850 nm, is used for determination of performance grades, based on lateral fibre core offset, numerical aperture (NA) mismatch, and fibre core diameter (CD) variation.
Fibre core angular offset is considered insignificant given the state-of-the-art and is excluded as a factor for attenuation estimation. Attenuation and return loss performance grades are defined in IEC 63267-1.

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IEC 60335-2-124:2024 deals with the safety of dry ice blasting machines intended for commercial indoor or outdoor use for the hand-guided cleaning, decoating and stripping of surfaces. The blasting machines are either equipped with containers for storage of dry ice or produce dry ice internally. These machines are not equipped with a traction drive.
The following power systems are covered:
- mains powered motors up to a rated voltage of 250 V for single-phase appliances and 480 V for other appliances,
- battery-operated machines.
This standard does not apply to
- dry ice blasting machines with integrated generation of compressed air;
- dry ice blasting machines using other transport gases besides compressed air or nitrogen;
- dry ice blasting machines with nozzles being controlled by robotic arms;
- spray extraction machines for commercial use (IEC 60335-2-68);
- high pressure cleaners (IEC 60335-2-79);
- sand blasting equipment (abrasive blasting);
- hand-held and transportable motor-operated electric tools (IEC 60745 series, IEC 61029 series, IEC 62841 series);
- machines designed for use in corrosive or explosive environments (dust, vapour or gas);
- machines designed for use in vehicles in non-ventilated environment;
- machines designed for use on board of ships or aircraft.

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IEC TS 61934:2024 is available as IEC TS 61934:2024 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC TS 61934:2024 is applicable to the off-line electrical measurement of partial discharges (PDs) that occur in electrical insulation systems (EISs) when stressed by repetitive voltage impulses generated from power electronics devices.
Typical applications are EISs belonging to apparatus driven by power electronics, such as motors, inductive reactors, wind turbine generators and the power electronics modules themselves.
NOTE Use of this document with specific products can require the application of additional procedures.
Excluded from the scope of this document are:
- methods based on optical or ultrasonic PD detection,
- fields of application for PD measurements when stressed by non-repetitive impulse voltages such as lightning impulse or switching impulses from switchgear.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) background information on the progress being made in the field of power electronics including the introduction of wide band gap semiconductor devices has been added to the Introduction;
b) voltage impulse generators; the parameter values of the voltage impulse waveform have been modified to reflect application of wide band gap semiconductor devices.
c) PD detection methods; charge-based measurements are not described in this third edition nor are source-controlled gating techniques to suppress external noise.
d) Since the previous edition in 2011, there have been significant technical advances in this field as evidenced by several hundreds of publications. Consequently, the Bibliography in the 2011 edition has been deleted in this third edition.

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IEC 61360-7:2024 specifies the new data dictionary (domain) "IEC 61360-7 - General items" including its generic concepts. The IEC 61360-7 data dictionary provides concepts (dictionary elements, e.g. classes, properties) intended for cross-domain use.
This document has the status of a horizontal publication in accordance with IEC Guide 108.
The IEC 61360-7 data dictionary is published in IEC CDD and is available at https://cdd.iec.ch.

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ISO/IEC 14543-5-194:2024(E) specifies the remote access (RA) server-based application framework, device interaction model, flow process and interfaces, and message formats to achieve intelligent grouping, resource sharing and service collaboration among IGRS smart lock devices.
This document is applicable to smart lock devices with direct network connections or connections through an intermediary network to a server for security authentication. This server utilizes a method to minimize the possibility of unauthorized access to these smart locks, while maintaining seamless interoperability among users, smart lock devices and RA servers at home, office or other remote environments.

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IEC TR 63463:2024 provides guidelines for the general procedure for performing life assessment for an HVDC converter station. Following this, a more detailed description of performance issues of the thyristor based HVDC systems is given and the life assessment measures of equipment and guidelines for accessing the techno-economic life of equipment are given. This document also deals with information for specification of refurbishing HVDC system and the testing of the refurbished and replaced equipment. Lastly, this document outlines environmental issues and regulatory issues involved in the life assessment and concludes with a financial analysis of the refurbishment options.

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IEC TS 62898-3-2:2024 provides technical requirements for the operation of energy management systems of microgrids. This document applies to utility-interconnected or islanded microgrids. This document describes specific recommendations for low-voltage (LV) and medium-voltage (MV) systems.
This document focuses on developing standards of energy management systems aimed for microgrids integrated in decentralized energy systems or public distribution grids. It concerns some particularities that are not totally covered by the existing conventional energy system. The microgrid energy management systems are being studied by various actors (utilities, manufacturers, and energy providers) on actual demonstration projects and application use case. The aims of this document are to make the state of the art of existing energy management systems used in actual microgrids projects, to classify the relevant functions which can be accomplished by microgrid energy management systems, and to recommend necessary technical requirements for energy management systems of future microgrids.
This document includes the following items:
• main performances of key components of microgrid: decentralized energy resources, energy storages and controllable loads),
• description of main functions and topological blocks of microgrid energy management systems (MEMS),
• specification of information exchange protocol between main function blocks, linked to microgrid monitoring and control systems (MMCS).
Main functions of MEMS:
• power and energy management among different resources within microgrid including active and reactive power flows with different time scales,
• power and energy forecasts of microgrid,
• energy balancing between upstream grid and microgrid energy resources according to power and energy forecast and upstream and local constraints,
• economic and environmental optimization,
• possible service capacities such as capacity market auctions and resiliency anticipation: new business models,
• data archiving, trending, reporting and evaluation of operation capacities in various operation modes.
MEMS can have some other additional functions according to microgrid size and actual application cases:
• tariff and market trading management,
• utility ancillary services such as frequency regulation, voltage regulation, power quality and reliability improvement, demand response possibilities, change of operation modes linked to MMCS.

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IEC 62841-4-5:2021 This document applies to grass shears with a maximum cutting width of 200 mm designed primarily for cutting grass.
This document does not apply to hedge trimmers.
Hedge trimmers are covered by IEC 62841-4-2.

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IEC 63203-402-3:2024 specifies terms, a measurement protocol, and a test to evaluate the accuracy of wearables that measure heart rate with a photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor. While this document can be used to measure a variety of different devices claiming to report heart rate, care will be taken when testing in countries that differentiate between heart rate and pulse rate. This measurement protocol is not intended to evaluate medical devices associated with the IEC 60601 series or ISO 80601 series.

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DEN/ERM-TGAERO-31-2

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